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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2582-3248
Published by SCIENCEDOMAIN international Homepage  [66 journals]
  • Review of Higher Education, Gender Enrolment, Inclusive Education,
           Government Funding, and Graduate Marketability in Rwanda and Tanzania

    • Authors: Anagrolia Faustino, Mussa S. Muneja
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: This study sought to establish the historical development of higher education in Rwanda compared to other East African countries, especially Tanzania. The article was geared towards finding out how higher education has developed in both Rwanda and Tanzania in terms of gender and enrolment, inclusive education, government funding, and the marketability of graduates. The review uses Google Scholar to get the information from the different works from different countries regarding the subject. The findings indicated that there is no equity in gender or enrolment in both Tanzania and Rwanda. In both countries, there is a need to encourage females to access higher education without fearing some of the barriers, like getting pregnant and the patriarchal system. Funding students in higher education institutions is a problem for both countries. The need for inclusive education did not suit the government well enough; hence, parents decided to leave their children unschooled. Fresh graduates are advised to be self-employed or develop their qualifications in the education sector to make them more marketable.
      PubDate: 2023-09-06
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2023/v17i11548
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 11 (2023)
  • Library Crimes among Users of Library Resources in University Libraries,

    • Authors: Adaeze Nwona Nzewi
      Pages: 10 - 17
      Abstract: This research is aimed at Library Crimes among Users of Library Resources in University Libraries in Nigeria. Descriptive survey and simple linear and multiple correlational research designs were adopted. A 4-point rating scale was used to collect data from a sample size of 394 drawn from 33,159 population. The sample size was determined using Krecjie and Morgan’s table for determining sample size while proportionate sampling technique was applied to determine the individual student respondents of each of the schools. The Universities studied are Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Delta State University, Abraka, Dennis Osadebay University, Asaba, Delta State University of Science and Technology, Ozor, Federal University of Technology, Owerri Imo State University, Owerri, Madonna University, Okija, Paul University Awka, Chukwuemeka Odiumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics to obtain means and coefficient of correlation for answering research. Findings show among others that, the crime practices in university libraries studied is not significantly carried out above average rating; the measure of patrons’ utilization of the library resources in universities studied is not significantly above average rating; and there is a very high and significant relationship among theft, mutilation, vandalism, mis-shelving of books and staff assault on one hand and the patrons’ use of the library resources. The researcher made some recommendations on the study.
      PubDate: 2023-09-11
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2023/v17i11549
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 11 (2023)
  • A Holistic Approach to Land Valuation Using Automated Valuation Models
           (AVMs): A Case Study in Homagama Divisional Secretarial Administrative
           Boundary, Sri Lanka

    • Authors: H. R. M. Nisansala , P. C. Kaluthanthri
      Pages: 18 - 31
      Abstract: Land valuation is a crucial process that involves the comprehensive assessment of specific land parcels to estimate their worth based on market value or predefined value base on valuation standards and regulations. Traditionally, this process has relied on expert involvement, often leading to different value figure for the same land by different valuation officers. While minor variations are considered acceptable, concerns have been raised regarding the lack of transparency, accuracy, and efficiency in the traditional approach. In response to these challenges, this study proposes an innovative system leveraging the potential of automated valuation models (AVMs) and big data applications in the real estate domain to address the limitations of traditional land valuation methods. The objective of the study is to enhance the transparency and accuracy of land valuation through the integration of a holistic data interpretation system, improved information exchange between AVM projects and property valuation, and the automation of specific workflows for property assessment. The study focuses on the Homagama Divisional Secretarial administrative boundary in Sri Lanka as a case study area for implementing the proposed AVM-based valuation model. The methodology adopts a multi-criteria approach with expert validation, considering various causative factors influencing land value, such as access to transportation, proximity to schools, distance from government and commercial establishments, proximity to hospitals, slope, land use, distance to urban centers, and population. To determine the relative importance of each factor, the Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) is utilized, providing a rational and consistent weighting approach. The AVM is developed using ArcGIS software and Weighted Overlay Analysis, effectively capturing the spatial distribution of land values within the study area. The research results in the classification of the Homagama Divisional Secretary area into distinct land value classes, ranging from very low to very high valued areas. In order to ensure the accuracy and validation of the model, the estimated AVM for land lot cadaster data, is reviewed alongside real-world land value data. The valuation map produced presents a graphical representation of the value of each land parcel, thereby facilitating rapid decision-making processes. Additionally, the study highlights the potential for further enriching the model with additional factors beyond those initially considered. In conclusion, this study demonstrates the value of AVMs in revolutionizing land valuation by providing a transparent, accurate, and efficient approach. The proposed model serves as a valuable tool for decision-makers, stakeholders, and property professionals in their efforts to assess land values and make informed real estate investment decisions.
      PubDate: 2023-09-11
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2023/v17i11550
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 11 (2023)
  • Technology Enhanced Learning: Utilization of SymboLab Manipulative
           Instruction and Performance of Students in Quadratic Graphs

    • Authors: Ekemini T. Akpan , Gladys I. Charles-Ogan , Foluke B. Eze , Uzoamaka C. Okafor-Agbala , Edith C. Onyeka
      Pages: 32 - 42
      Abstract: Twenty first century learners are digital citizen and technologically savvy. This demands the use of innovative teaching strategies that take leverages of the affordance of digital tools. In this study, the effects of SymboLab manipulative instruction on students’ performance in quadratic graph has been investigated. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The population of study consisted of all senior secondary one students across schools in Uyo metropolis, and a sample size of  one hundred (100) students were purposively selected from the population.  The instruments for data collection was Quadratic Performance Test.  The validated instrument by experts yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.81, by method of Kuder-Richardson-21 formula. Quasi-experimental design was used for the study. Two intact classes were assigned to experimental group and a control group. The first experimental group were taught the concept of quadratic graph using SymboLab Manipulative Instruction, while the control group were taught quadratic graph using Concrete Manipulative Instruction.  Data obtained from the study was analyzed using mean, percentages and Analysis of Covariance. The results showed that students taught quadratic graph using technology enhanced learning tool; SymboLab Manipulatives performed significantly higher than those taught using Concrete Manipulative. Gender exerted a non-significant influence on students’ performance in quadratic graph between the intervention groups. Moreover, the joint effect of gender and instructional manipulatives yield non-significant influence on students’ performance in the concept of quadratic graph. It was therefore recommended that technology enhanced learning tools such as SymboLab Manipulatives should be used to teach the concept of quadratic graphs in secondary schools.
      PubDate: 2023-09-13
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2023/v17i11551
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 11 (2023)
  • Review of Estimation Models for Post Mortem Interval using Total Body
           Score and Accumulated Degree Days for Different Geographical Regions

    • Authors: Oghenefego Michael Adheke , Loveday Ese Oghenemavwe
      Pages: 43 - 56
      Abstract: Post mortem interval (PMI) is the period since death of human or animal remains upon discovery. The study of decomposition of remains in forensic sciences has grown tremendously in recent years, hence, a good number of studies have provided taphonomic data on the prediction of PMI of decomposing cadaver remains using variables such as accumulated degree days (ADDs) and total body score (TBS). Mathematically, ADDs is the summations of mean daily ambient temperatures from the possible time of death to date of discovery of remains. Total body score is a quantitative variable used to evaluate whole body qualitative changes in the decomposition of such remains. Quantitative methods have been shown to provide a more objective and standardized assessment of decomposition. However, the question of a universal PMI model has been a difficult one to answer because of environmental variations within and between various regions in the world such as temperature, humidity, and presence of scavengers. These variations make it difficult to establish precise timelines for decomposition stages based solely on qualitative assessments. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to quantitatively review the impact of accumulated degree days and total body score from decomposition processes on the estimation of PMI and an attempt will be made to provide PMI models from various researches around the world.
      PubDate: 2023-09-14
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2023/v17i11553
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 11 (2023)
  • Effect of Human Capital Development on Employees’ Performance in the
           Nigerian Civil Service

    • Authors: Abel Ehizojie Oigbochie , Obera Victoria Ahonya , Paschal Mba Nchedo
      Pages: 57 - 68
      Abstract: The Nigerian civil service over the years has endured stagnation, denigration and generally low optimism due to the inadequacy of human capital development, whose intentions spins around training, education and motivation, in other to improve the cognitive ability of personnel in the discharges of their responsibilities and to act in a way that seems rational and realistic. The study examines the effect of human capital development on employee’s performance in the Nigeria Civil Service. Descriptive statistics was used in analyzing the responses elicited through questionnaire, from the sampled population of 214 respondents, from selected ministries in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Data gathered were analyzed qualitatively. Finding from this study shows an association between human capital development and service accountability, including leadership supervision. Based on this findings, appropriate recommendation were made for the setting up of clear and measurable goals for service delivery, and the provision of tools and training employees need to do their job.
      PubDate: 2023-09-16
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2023/v17i11554
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 11 (2023)
  • Employment and Promotion Policies in Media Organisations in Tanzania:
           Evidence from the IPP Media, the TSN and Mwananchi Corporation

    • Authors: Hoyce Temu , Prospery M. Mwila
      Pages: 69 - 92
      Abstract: This study explores the persisting gender equity challenges in Tanzania, despite the country's 62 years of independence. The underrepresentation of women in senior positions within media organisations, exemplified by the 2016 report by The Union of Tanzania Press Club (UTPC), serves as a focal point. While gender equity policies have been implemented by Press Clubs to elevate female journalists to leadership roles, the dearth of women in upper-tier management persists across media entities. The research investigates employment and advancement protocols using qualitative methods, particularly an explanatory case study approach. Data collection involves interviews and document analysis, with a focus on media house employees, totalling 12 participants. The findings highlight the potential for women's career growth under equitable promotion policies endorsed by international and grassroots initiatives. Cultural influences exacerbate gender imbalance, notably within print media corporations. The study identifies various entities offering resources to enhance diversity and equity, emphasising media portrayal and representation of women to address gender inequity. Advocating for media organisations such as the Tanzania Media Women Association (TAMWA), the Media Council of Tanzania (MCT), and the Tanzania Editors Forum (TEF) to champion gender equity, the study underscores the necessity of a robust journalist union to accelerate progress.
      PubDate: 2023-09-18
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2023/v17i11555
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 11 (2023)
  • Celebrity Endorsement on Purchase Decision: The Mediation Analysis of
           Women’s Price Perception

    • Authors: Krisna Triatna Sari Allo , Nurdin Brasit, Haeriah Hakim , Muh. Yushar Mustafa
      Pages: 93 - 99
      Abstract: As one of the most interesting research topics recently, social media marketing reveals many new and/or advanced research variables, and one of such variables is an endorsement of social media celebrity. According to the literature, a celebrity endorsement is seen as a strategy of marketing, which involves through the use of a well-recognized person’s service, such as a celebrity in order to promote a brand of product and/or service. However, this study reveals that there are lack studies explain the role of celebrity endorsement on purchase decision in Asian research context. Following this phenomenon, this study then aims to apply a quantitative research method in order to reveal the role of celebrity endorsement on purchase decision. As a research novelty, this study also reveals that there are few studies explain the role of celebrity endorsement on purchase decision with the mediation role of price perception. With the sample size is 100 female respondents, as theoretical contribution, this study then finds that there is no significant moderation role of women’s price perception on the relationship between customer endorsement and purchase decision. As for managerial contribution, the findings of this study are considered to be important for business owners, who primarily promote and sell a cosmetic product, in crafting a proper social media marketing strategy that later helps to maximize and improve revenue.
      PubDate: 2023-09-19
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2023/v17i11556
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 11 (2023)
  • Impact of Nigerian Petroleum Oil Production on Nigerian Economy:
           Cointegration and Error Correction Model Analysis

    • Authors: Wilson Simon Barguma , Adana’a Felix Chama , Emmanuel Torsen
      Pages: 100 - 110
      Abstract: This study was done to investigate the effect of Nigerian crude oil production against Nigerian economy.Johansen's co-integration concept is employed on thirty-three years (1981-2013) data about annual Gross national income, petroleum production along with petroleum oil exchange. Augumented Dickey-fuller (ADF) test was carried out in level as well as first difference of every sequence. ADF test indicated existence of unit root at the level otherwise at first difference the series were stationary. The trace and eigenvalues of Johansen co-integration indicated single co-integrating equation in the system, hence presence of long-term relationship between the variable. However, since the series are co-integrated, vector-error-correction-model was applied to estimate the long-term coefficient.Crude oil production has a negative coefficient and significant, while crude oil export is significant in predicting difference in Gross national income on the long-term. Contrary to the long-term result there was no short-run causation between Gross national income, petroleum oil production and crude oil exportation in Nigeria.The revealed result of the study attracted recommendation that export of the product should be given keen attention and proper management, that will bring development of other sectors through the income from crude oil exportation which will bring about great growth in economy.
      PubDate: 2023-09-21
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2023/v17i11557
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 11 (2023)
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