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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2582-3248
Published by SCIENCEDOMAIN international Homepage  [65 journals]
  • Effect of Landscape on Consumers’ Behavior in Shopping Malls: An
           Empirical Study of Shoprite Malls at Akure, Nigeria

    • Authors: Oloruntoba Kayode, Asaolu Catherine Oluwabukola, Oloye Rowland Abiodun
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Consumer behaviors have become prominent in the business platform and related discipline from past to present. Being able to understand consumer behaviors and identify strategies in this direction has become the most important condition for survival in competitive conditions. This study, it is aimed to determine the relationship between consumption concepts and architectural discipline. Design criteria that increase and decrease consumption preference and quantity have been investigated by determining the extent to which the interior and exterior architecture via landscape affected the consumption habits. Relevant literature, observations, and conceptual survey of the daily shopping malls were conducted at Shoprite Mall Akure. The Data was analyzed using Structural Equation Model (SEM) via AMOS to measure the architectural impacts on consumer shopping patterns. Thus, the findings show that a desirable landscape improves consumers' patronage tendency in shopping malls. This implies that architectural training and practice are sacrosanct in human shopping tendency.
      PubDate: 2022-08-19
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2022/v16i1030505
  • Neo-Liberal Workplace and Labour Process Analysis: Resilience of
           Dialectics in Understanding Consent and Resistance in the Workplace

    • Authors: Olusegun Oladeinde
      Pages: 10 - 23
      Abstract: This paper contributes to understanding the debates on labour process analysis which continue to underpin conceptual framework for explaining the dynamics of neo-liberal workplace. The generic character of capitalist mode of production has distinct features that have been elaborated on, in labour process analysis. In the context of “structured relations” between capital and labour, labour process theory provides the foundational theoretical framework for examining and understanding the social relations of production within the workplace. However, while the debates over labour process continue to reflect a “broad church” of perspectives comprising “eclectic orientations” of diverse strands, dialectical analysis remains resilient in providing critical understanding to consent and resistance in contemporary workplace. The diverse contributions to the debates on labour process provide the critical perspectives to emerging dynamics of world of work, and endemic dimensions of control imperatives of management. The conceptual lineages of labour process debates; both of the earlier Marxist contributors and that of “second wave” analysts, remain strong and “elastic” in providing understanding of contemporary neo-liberal workplace.
      PubDate: 2022-08-20
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2022/v16i1030506
  • Classroom Assessment of Learners: Assessment Practices of Junior High
           School Social Studies Teachers in two Districts of Ghana

    • Authors: Frank Awuah
      Pages: 24 - 40
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine Junior High School Social Studies teachers’ assessment practices in two districts in Ghana. The study was conducted in the Asuogyaman and Krachi East districts in the Eastern and Oti Regions respectively. The participants of the study were one hundred (100) Junior High School Social Studies teachers drawn purposively from the two selected districts. Data were collected through the administration of questionnaires, semi-structured interviews and observation. The study employed the mixed-method approach. Results of the study revealed that the Junior High School teachers preferred and actually used traditional assessment techniques in their teaching activities. Their assessment conceptions and practices are rooted in the traditional learning paradigm. It is recommended that Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs) should reconsider their curriculum and emphasise more on the teaching of alternative or contemporary approaches to educational assessments. It was also recommended that refresher courses should be organised for in-service teachers to up-grade their knowledge and skills in alternative educational assessment practices.
      PubDate: 2022-08-20
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2022/v16i1030507
  • First Case of Covid-19 in Rivers State: A Case Report on the Public Health

    • Authors: Owhonda Golden, Des-Wosu Ihuoma, Eze-Emiri Chidinma, Patrick Foster, Nwadito Ifeoma, Princewill Chike, Ndidi Utchay, Abiikor Victor, Aaron Friday, Arugu Godswill, Omosive Maduka, Obelebara Adebiyi
      Pages: 41 - 46
      Abstract: Five days after arrival in Nigeria, a 19-year-old female model called the Public Health Emergency Operation Centre with complaints of fever, cough, sore throat, catarrh, sneezing, and diarrhea. A nasopharyngeal swab Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) confirmed the diagnosis of COVID-19 on the 26th of March 2020 making her the very first coronavirus (COVID-19) case in Rivers State.  Following the diagnosis, the case was moved to the treatment center. Contact tracing of all possible contacts was conducted; one hundred and five contacts were located and asked to self-isolate for fourteen days. The patient had a relatively mild illness; she was treated and discharged home after two weeks when she had two consecutive negative PCR results.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2022/v16i1030508
  • Improving the Reading Habits of Class III Students Studying at Patshaling
           Primary School, Tsirang

    • Authors: Tshewang Tenzin
      Pages: 47 - 60
      Abstract: The Reading habit is an essential and important aspect for creating the literate society in this world. It shapes the personality of an individual and helps them to develop the proper thinking methods and create new ideas. At present, due to the influence of the mass media, people do not show much interest in reading books, magazines and journals. Therefore, there is an urgent need to embed and develop the reading habit in the minds of our young children. This study was conducted to assess and determine some appropriate measures and methods to improve the reading habits of Class III students of Patshaling Primary school. Reading habits are best formed at a young impressionable age in school, but once formed it can last one’s lifetime (Green, 2001). The mixed, observational descriptive study of longitudinal design used instruments like observation, diaries and interviews to collect both qualitative and quantitative data. In this paper, the researcher also discussed various methods and benefits in improving reading habits. Findings from this study concluded that the intervention program implemented on 14 students of Class III students could significantly improve the reading habits and develop a positive attitude towards reading. This research comes as the solution to both the teachers and students of lower primary school students who are struggling to improve their reading habits. The study provides some useful insight into developing reading habits and how reading habits can be enhanced to achieve maximum development in our young children.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2022/v16i1030509
  • Comparative Study of Changes in Inflammatory Markers on Hours of Exposure
           to Cement Dust

    • Authors: Jonathan Nyebuchi, Arit Okechukwu Nwogu, Mieiwari Ibufubara Jumbo, Collins Ohwonigho Adjekuko, Ebirien-Agana S. Bartimaeus
      Pages: 61 - 66
      Abstract: Background: There has been a growing concern about the health of people exposed to cement dust. Objective: This study was aimed at assessing the effect of cement dust on inflammatory markers on cement loaders with different duration of hourly exposure. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study design conducted in Port Harcourt, Nigeria with 100 male cement workers grouped into 3 groups based on the hourly duration of cement dust exposure. Group 1 (27 subjects) was exposed to 1-5 daily hours; Group 2 (62 subjects), was exposed to 6-10 daily hours, and Group C (11 subjects), was exposed to more than 10 daily hours. The ELISA analysis of C-Reactive protein (CRP), IL-1β, and IL-10 was performed. The data generated were analyzed for mean and standard deviation by ANOVA. Results: The CRP levels were 5.42 ± 4.72; 6.71 ± 4.96 and 9.04 ± 8.83 in groups 1, 2, and 3 respectively. The p-value was 0.1771 implying no significant difference. The IL-10 levels were 15.72 ± 12.58; 12.23 ± 10.12 and 11.83 ± 8.88 in groups 1, 2, and 3 respectively. The p-value was 0.3421 implying no significant difference. The IL-1β levels were 3.81 ± 1.02; 3.63 ± 1.36 and 3.91 ± 1.21 in groups 1, 2, and 3 respectively. The p-value was 0.7031 implying no significant difference. Conclusion: The study has shown that hourly changes in exposure to cement dust don’t have an impact on the studied inflammatory markers among cement workers in Port Harcourt.
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2022/v16i1030510
  • Passion and Resilience: Experiences of Public Primary School Teachers in
           Handling Children with Reading Difficulties in Online Teaching

    • Authors: Rhey Mark E. Presquito, Dennis V. Madrigal
      Pages: 67 - 80
      Abstract: Aim: This phenomenological study explored the lived experiences of public primary school teachers in handling children with reading difficulties during online teaching. Study Design: Descriptive Phenomenology. Place and Duration of the Study: Bacolod City, Philippines, February to July 2022. Methods: Participants were identified using a purposive sampling technique. Nine (9) public primary school teachers answered the interview using an unstructured in-depth interview. The data collection was done sequentially. In analyzing the participants' transcripts, thematic analysis using the modified van Kaam approach popularized by Moustakas (1994) was utilized. Results: Analyses of the data revealed that utilizing innovative practices in the teaching-learning process helped teachers handle children with reading difficulties. Also, the aide of Parent Facilitated Learning as an ally for teaching remediated the exhaustion of teachers' workloads. Furthermore, this qualitative research generated data from the participants with three major themes, and 12 sub-themes emerged: (1) dealing with children's problems in fundamental skills; subthemes (8): poor letter identification, poor phonetic foundation, a poor blending of word pattern, poor word recognition, poor reading comprehension, low academic motivation, low academic performance, attention deficit, (2) dealing with online instructions; subthemes (2): poor internet access and problems with the schedule of classes, and (3) utilizing innovative practices to address problems on reading difficulties of children, sub-themes (2): using word and picture cues and parent-facilitated learning. Conclusion: Public primary school teachers encountered challenges and struggles handling children with reading difficulties in the new learning platform. These experiences create an opportunity to pursue their passion and commitment to teaching during the COVID-19 Pandemic. This paved the way for passionate and resilient teachers in precarious times.
      PubDate: 2022-09-14
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2022/v16i1030511
  • Effect of Roasting, Steaming and Internal Temperatures on Proximate
           Composition, Vitamins and Sensory Properties of Spent Hen Muscle

    • Authors: S. U. Alugwu, U. B. Alugwu
      Pages: 81 - 89
      Abstract: The main aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of different cooking methods and internal cooking temperatures (60 and 700C) on the quality characteristics of spent hen muscle. Five spent hens were slaughtered, bled thoroughly and scalded at 85℃ for 30 sec and defeathered, eviscerated and breast muscles separated and frozen to harden for easy slicing into dimensions. These slices were divided into three portions, one for raw, second portion was treated by roasting (RO) and last portion was treated by steaming (ST). Each slice for cooking was divided into two cooking internal temperatures of 600C and 700C. Fifty gram weighed, inserted and cooked differently at 600C and 700C for 0 and 10 min after thawing. Proximate composition, vitamin content and sensory properties of the cooked samples were studied. The results showed that samples cooked by ST had significantly (p < 0.05) higher mean moisture content of 70.44%, protein content of 18.11%, and fat content of 10.13%. Whereas samples cooked by RO method had higher mean ash content of 1.67%. However, the differences in ash content of these cooking methods were statistically not significant (p > 0.05). Increasing cooking temperature decreased moisture and protein, but increased fat and ash contents of cooked chicken spent hen. The RO cooked samples had significantly (p < 0.05) higher vitamins B1, B2 and B9 contents of 117.72 mg/100 g, 8.51 mg /  100 g and 47.03 mg/100 g, respectively. The RO cooked samples at 700C had higher textural scores and rated by panelist as very much crispy. Increasing cooking internal temperatures increased sensory textural scores of cooked spent hen meat. The flavour of RO cooked samples was higher than ST cooked samples and rated by panelist as moderately desirable.
      PubDate: 2022-09-20
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2022/v16i10431
  • Fusion of the Sixth and Seventh Cervical Vertebra: A Case Report

    • Authors: Nkechi Clara Nwosu, Valentine Chidozie Amasiatu, Utoon Ekeneokot Ekeneokot, Ibinabo Fubara Bob-Manuel
      Pages: 90 - 92
      Abstract: Aim: To report a rare fusion of the 6th and 7th cervical vertebra in a cadaver specimen. Presentation of Case: A fused C6-C7 vertebra was discovered during maceration in the Anatomy laboratory in a South-Eastern Nigerian University. The laminas were completely fused while their bodies, transverse processes and spinous processes were fused partially. Discussion:  Block vertebra is the fusion of one or more adjoining vertebrae in which they act as one, both structurally and functionally. These fusions, although present in other regions, is more common in the cervical region. Among the reported cases, there is a higher incidence of fusion between C2-C3 with only few reported cases of fusion between C6-C7. Fused cervical vertebra impact biochemical and mechanical stress on the adjoining vertebra which results in various neurological and physical problems, hence the report could create an insight that could aid researchers and medical diagnoses.  Conclusion: This unusual fusion of C6-C7 vertebra reported provides basis of anatomical variations in which proper documentation of incidence and knowledge will be beneficial to anatomists, orthopaedic surgeons, radiologists and other medical personnel.
      PubDate: 2022-09-24
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2022/v16i10432
  • Stakeholders’ Awareness and Acceptability of the Vision, Mission, Goals,
           and Objectives of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College

    • Authors: Arjay Y. Alvarado, Francis Jose D. Bearneza, Keisha Charisse O. Digon, Jay B. Estrellas, Robert S. Pardillo, Jesusa E. Pineda
      Pages: 93 - 109
      Abstract: Vision, mission, goals, and objectives (VMGOs) function as the foundation of an educational institution. The Accrediting Agency for Chartered Colleges and Universities in the Philippines (AACCUP) underscored that an educational institution is assessed according to the degree how its VMGOs are achieved, but not in comparison with others. This descriptive research utilized the survey method to determine the levels of awareness and acceptability of the Vision, Mission, Goals and Objectives of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College in the Academic Year 2021-2022 among the stakeholders. 385 students, administrators, faculty, staff, parents, and alumni, who were selected using the random sampling technique answered the researcher-made instrument. For analysis, data were summarized primarily using mean and standard deviation. The results show the following: (a) The alumni, faculty, staff, and Bachelor of Arts in Social Science students indicated a “High” level of awareness of the Vision of the institution, while the English Language students, and the administrators indicated a “Very High” level of awareness; (b) All the groups indicated a “High” level of awareness of the Mission of the institution and of the Goal of the College of Arts and Sciences; (c) All stakeholders indicated a “High” level of awareness of the Bachelor of Arts in Social Science program objectives, a “High” level of awareness of the Bachelor of Arts in English Language program objectives except for students who indicated a “Very High” level of awareness, and a “High” level of awareness of the Bachelor of Science in Psychology program objectives except for the staff who indicated an “Average” level of awareness. The results also revealed the following: (a) All stakeholders indicated a “Very High” acceptability of the Vision of the institution except for the alumni and Social Science students who indicated a “High” level. (b) All groups indicated a “Very High” level of acceptability of the Mission of the institution and of the Goal of the College of Arts and Sciences except for the alumni and Psychology students who displayed a “High” level of acceptability. (c) All stakeholders showed a “Very High” level of acceptability of the program objectives of the three degree programs except for the staff who indicated a “High” level of acceptability of the Bachelor of Arts in English Language and Bachelor of Social Science program objectives and for the alumni and staff who indicated a “High” level of acceptability of the Bachelor of Science in Psychology program objectives.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
      DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2022/v16i10433
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