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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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Archives of Current Research International
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2454-7077
Published by SCIENCEDOMAIN international Homepage  [66 journals]
  • Integration of ICT in Teaching and Learning, Teachers Motivation and
           Skills of Teaching Literature: A Structural Model Equation on Academic

    • Authors: Elmer A. Taripe, Marilou Limpot
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: Aims: To investigate the most appropriate model in academic performance using structural equation modeling (SEM) as the basis for the tool's design to analyze the relationship between the integration of ICT in learning and teaching, teacher motivation, and skills in teaching literature. Study Design:  Descriptive-causal design. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted among 400 college students from both public and private academic institutions in Regions 11 and 13 during the school year 2021-2022. Methodology: The respondents were selected using stratified random sampling. Mean, standard deviation, Pearson product-moment correlation, and multiple regression analysis were used to analyze the collected data. Results: Results revealed that the ICT integration in learning and teaching, teacher motivation, and literature teaching skills had the highest means while academic performance was high. The integration of ICT in learning and teaching, teacher motivation, and literature teaching skills had a significant relationship with academic performance. The most appropriate model for academic performance was model 5, with indicators of personal status, study habits, home-related factors, school-related factors, and teacher-related factors. Conclusion:  The result proved that the knowledge of the integration of ICT in teaching and learning, teacher motivation, and teacher skill in teaching literature are predictors of academic performance.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2022/v22i7535
  • A Meta-analytic Review of the Relationship between Mathematics Anxiety and
           the Mathematical Thinking of Africa Students

    • Authors: Oluwatoyin Motunrayo Atoyebi, Samuel Babajide Atoyebi
      Pages: 15 - 28
      Abstract: The development of mathematical thinking is a crucial component of Mathematics education. Mathematics is needed for students to have the ability to manage, acquire, and make use of information to survive in competitive, uncertain, and ever-changing circumstances. Mathematical thinking is the primary goal of learning Mathematics. Despite the relative importance of Mathematics, it is highly disheartening to see that, due to Mathematics anxiety, students’ mathematical thinking has remained persistently subpar in Africa. Mathematics anxiety, which is the feeling of worry, stress, and trepidation when people engage with mathematics, has long been a topic of concern in education. This study investigated the relationship between Mathematics anxiety and the mathematical thinking of students in Africa. A meta-analysis method was used to statistically analyze the results of studies yielding 1789 samples that examined the relationship between Mathematics anxiety and the mathematical thinking of students. These studies were conducted from 2005 to 2021. The findings showed a strong negative correlation between Mathematics anxiety and the mathematical thinking of students in Africa. This study's statistical findings demonstrate how the problem-solving ability of students and the reasoning of students are affected by Mathematics anxiety. These results can help education stakeholders to create environments that will enhance students' mathematical reasoning abilities. This study recommends that curriculum developers should come up with strategies for incorporating fresh perspectives into the Mathematics curriculum that will make it engaging for African students and boost their thinking to become better not just in their academics but also in their day-to-day living.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2022/v22i7536
  • Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Zanthoxylum gilletii: A Review

    • Authors: J. P. Mbula, E. M. Kitete, N. G. Kasiama, E. M. Ngoyi, J. T. K. Kwembe, D. D. Tshilanda, K. N. Ngbolua, D. S. T. Tshibangu, S. O. Mihigo, O. Onautshu, P. T. Mpiana
      Pages: 29 - 39
      Abstract: Aim: Zanthoxylum gilletii is used in traditional medicine against several pains, namely urinary tract infections, malaria, lombargy, high blood pressure etc. Thus, the aim of this study was to review the literature on the traditionnal use, the phytochemical composition and the biological activities of the above-mentioned plant. Methodology: A literature review was conducted  based on the scientific results sourced from Science Direct, PubMed, Google Scholar, SciLEO and PubMed Central. The plant scientific name was used as a search keyword together with the following  words phytochemistry, pharmacology, bioactivity and pharmacognosia. Results: Z. gilletii extracts have shown antimicrobial, antifungal, antiparasitic and anticancer activities. Several compounds have been reported from different parts of the plant including alkaloids, amides, coumarins and essential oils and have shown interesting biological properties such as the antioxidant and  antimicrobial activities. However, there are, to date, several compounds whose biological activities are not known, especially that belonging to the  essential oil class. At the same time, there are also the activities observed but for which the responsible compounds are unknown. Conclusion: All parts of Z.gilletii are used in traditional medicine and  decoction is the most recommended method of preparation. Data from phytochemical studies are quite poor, especially on essential oils. 
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2022/v22i7537
  • Maintenance-State Assessment Model for Building Maintenance Forecasting

    • Authors: Kelachi Kejeh, Ify L. Nwaogazie, Sule Samuel
      Pages: 40 - 54
      Abstract: This study aims to provide maintenance-state assessment model for forecasting of building maintenance condition. The selected institutions for the study were state funded hospitals and schools (14 functional out of 23 general hospitals and 2 out of 3 tertiary schools). In this study, considering the shortcomings of the most widely accepted condition survey protocol (CSP) 1 matrix, that is suitable for small projects and defect based, the study developed a model that is suitable for large projects and maintenance management system based for assessment of building’s condition. This model was developed analogous to CSP 1 matrix. Two types of ratings used are condition assessment and priority assessment. These two assessment criteria are then multiplied to determine the building maintenance rating score (BMRS). The study developed a 3x3 maintenance matrix model for evaluating building maintenance-state. It also found 25% of the buildings in “good condition” requiring only planned maintenance; 68.75% in “fair condition” requiring condition monitoring and 6.25% in “serious attention” condition.
      PubDate: 2022-11-28
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2022/v22i7538
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