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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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Archives of Current Research International
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2454-7077
Published by SCIENCEDOMAIN international Homepage  [65 journals]
  • Evaluation of Some Haemostatic Parameters among Cement Loaders in
           Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

    • Authors: Jonathan Nyebuchi, Collins Ohwonigho Adjekuko, Adams Matthew Okur, Evelyn M. Eze
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Exposure to cement dust has been serious public health concern with increasing industrial activities in Port Harcourt. This study was aimed at evaluating the effect of cement dust exposure on haemostatic parameters on cement loaders in Port Harcourt. A total of 200 healthy males were recruited for the study; 100 of which were cement loaders and the other 100 were individuals not exposed to cement dust. These subjects were selected randomly at different cement depot in Port Harcourt after consenting to participate in the study. Venous blood was called via venipuncture technique and 5 mls of blood was collected for the laboratory analysis of prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), International normalized ratio (INR), D-Dimer, Von-Willebrand factor and fibrinogen. The result showed that there was a significant increase (p-value<0.05) in APTT, VWF, D-Dimer and fibrinogen levels in the cement exposed group but there was no significant difference in PT and INR levels in the exposed group (p-value>0.05). This study has shown that exposure to cement dust affects haemostasis among cement loaders in Port Harcourt.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2022/v22i630293
  • A Cross Sectional Study on Awareness and Knowledge of SARS CoV-2 and
           Vaccination among General Public

    • Authors: K. Shailaja, S. Benita, G. Dinesh Kumar, D. Harshidha, M. V. Mousigan
      Pages: 9 - 17
      Abstract: Background Information: COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. The WHO declared it a global pandemic on March 12th, 2020. Government initiatives play a major role in limiting the spread of infection by educating people. Objectives: To assess the awareness and knowledge of COVID-19 and vaccination among general public. Methodology: A cross-sectional study as an online survey over a period of 6 months with 601 respondents. The information regarding the demographics was subjected to descriptive analysis. The study was conducted using a pre-tested semi-structured online Google form and a consent form obtained. Results: Among 601 participants, nearly 77% of respondents were practicing preventive measures. Nearly 68% of the respondent’s knowledge and awareness about the COVID-19 vaccination was in moderate level. Conclusion: During this pandemic, there were increased worries and apprehensions among the public regarding acquiring the COVID-19 infection. The disease is not eradicated completely, so it is necessary to educate the public continuously. It is not mandatory to stop the awareness-creating program, and advertising about the disease once the severity of the disease is reduced.
      PubDate: 2022-09-07
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2022/v22i630294
  • Improving Birth Registration Using the Health System: A Case Study from
           Somali Region of Ethiopia

    • Authors: Oladeji Olusola, Abdifatah Elmi Farah, Bukhari Sheik Aden, Anjola Oladeji, Adam Issack, Juweria Mohamed, Ann Robins, Mohamed Elabe, Abdifatah Ali Mohammed
      Pages: 18 - 26
      Abstract: Birth registration is the process by which the event and characteristics of a child’s birth are recorded in a country’s civil registry. Ethiopia has one of the lowest levels of civil registration in general globally, and of birth registration in particular with only 3 per cent of children under the age 5 registered with civil authorities. In Somali Region of Ethiopia, only 1% of children under 5 have their births registered. A major gap identified in the civil registration system in Ethiopia is the linkage between the health and the civil registration sectors with most children delivered at the health facilities or in the communities not appropriately registered. This case study used qualitative  and quantitative methods to  describe the process and outcome of  a pilot project on   improving birth registration using the  health system (health facilities and the community health structures) in  2 project woredas (districts) in Somali region of Ethiopia where no birth had been registered more than five years prior the pilot. Within the one-year study period, all 577 births assisted by health extension workers were provided with birth notification slips and 795 (98%) newborns have their birth registered and received birth certificates out of 809 total births reported in the project sites. The study demonstrated the effectiveness of health workers and community structure (mentor mothers) through their community sensitization and mobilization and active reporting process in facilitating registration of births in the civil registration system.
      PubDate: 2022-09-19
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2022/v22i6532
  • Epidemiological Pattern of Births from the Largest Surveillance Database
           of Live Births in Brazil "SINASC" before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic
           in the Brazilian Amazon

    • Authors: Daniele Melo Sardinha, Andréa Maria Da Silva Luz, Kátia Raquel Almeida Carneiro, Mauro Daniel Rodrigues Paixão, Sebastião Kauã De Sousa Bispo, Natasha Cristina Oliveira Andrade, Juliane Lima Alencar, Tamires De Nazaré Soares, Joyce Dos Santos Freitas, Rubenilson Caldas Valois, Ana Lúcia da Silva Ferreira, Karla Valéria Batista Lima, Luana Nepomuceno Gondim Costa Lima
      Pages: 27 - 41
      Abstract: The surveillance of live births in Brazil has been carried out since 1990 by the Information System on Live Births (SINASC), which was implemented by the Ministry of Health aiming at standardized registration on a national level. The state of Pará is part of the Brazilian Amazon, northern Brazil, which has several unique characteristics. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify the epidemiological pattern of live births before and during the pandemic of COVID-19 in the state of Pará, 2016 to 2020. This is an ecological epidemiological time-series study, using epidemiological surveillance data from DATASUS, referring to the Live Births Information System (SINASC). These are data that have been treated by surveillance and are in aggregate format. The study population is the live births residing in the state of Pará, in the period from 2016 to 2020. The data collection instrument was the Declaration of Live Births (DLB). There were 689,454 live births, and the highest rates of births were and continued to remain in the Marajó II, Baixo Amazonas, Xingu, and Tapajós regions. The Metropolitan I and Araguaia regions were and continue to be the lowest rates in the state. Age of the mother 15 to 19 years old 22.29%, 20 to 24 years old 30.05% and 25 to 29 years old 22.58%, most of the single pregnancy type 98.32%, prenatal consultations, performed 7 or more 48.10%, followed by 4 to 6 consultations 33.98%, most presented 7 or more years of the study 48.10%, followed by 3 to 6 years 33.98%. Represented 51.21% male and 48.77% female. The occurrence of congenital anomalies represented 0.52% of live births. Another congenital malformation and deformity were the most prevalent at 25.53%, followed by Congenital deformities of the feet 14.90%, Other congenital malformations of the nervous system 14.84%, and Other congenital malformations 10.77%, Cleft lip, and cleft palate 8.88%, Other congenital malformations digestive tract 8.10%. The demographic transition has already occurred for several decades, including the reduction of fertility and birth rate, so our study showed that the reduction in the number of live births was already a reality in the country, but we emphasize that this reduction was enhanced by the pandemic. We observed greater adherence to prenatal care and a lower prevalence of low birth weight compared to other studies, but the limitation was the absence of studies in the same place of the research. Regarding data incompleteness, we emphasize the ignored fields that reflect the fragility in the surveillance of live births, which was reinforced by the literature.
      PubDate: 2022-09-27
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2022/v22i6533
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