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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 265 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adıyaman University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Research     Open Access  
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afrique Science : Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alfarama Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
BJHS Themes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin of the National Research Centre     Open Access  
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciencia Amazónica (Iquitos)     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia Ergo Sum     Open Access  
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Comunicata Scientiae     Open Access  
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access  
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Einstein (São Paulo)     Open Access  
Ekaia : EHUko Zientzia eta Teknologia aldizkaria     Open Access  
Emergent Scientist     Open Access  
Enhancing Learning in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access  
Fontanus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 252)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
Futures & Foresight Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access  
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
HardwareX     Open Access  
Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hoosier Science Teacher     Open Access  
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Instruments     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
International Annals of Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Science and Technology Journal of Namibia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal     Open Access  
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Investigación Joven     Open Access  
Investigacion y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
iScience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Issues in Science & Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Ithaca : Viaggio nella Scienza     Open Access  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Advanced Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Big History     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Diversity Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of King Saud University - Science     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science)     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Taibah University for Science     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 168)
Journal of the Indian Institute of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science     Open Access  
Journal of Unsolved Questions     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Dasar     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknosains     Open Access  
Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access  
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Logo STI Science, Technology and Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Malawi Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Maskana     Open Access  
MethodsX     Open Access  
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
National Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Naturen     Full-text available via subscription  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Studies in Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nova     Open Access  
Open Conference Proceedings Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
People and Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Población y Desarrollo - Argonautas y caminantes     Open Access  
Politique et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, The     Full-text available via subscription  
QScience Connect     Open Access  
Quantum Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  
Reports in Advances of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Research Policy : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Respuestas     Open Access  
Revista Bases de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Revista Cientifica Guillermo de Ockham     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Revista UniVap     Open Access  
SAINSTIS     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Sci     Open Access  
Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5082)
Science & Diplomacy     Free   (Followers: 3)
Science Advances     Free   (Followers: 44)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Science World Journal     Open Access  
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ScienceRise     Open Access  
Sciences du jeu     Open Access  

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Archives of Current Research International
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2454-7077
Published by SCIENCEDOMAIN international Homepage  [66 journals]
  • Surgical Management of Perianal Adenoma: A Case Report of Two Dogs

    • Authors: Sandeep Saharan, Anju Poonia, Sachin, Amit Kumar, Maneesh Sharma, Deepak Kumar Tiwari
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: An eight and five years old intact male dogs presented with the history of straining, licking and scooting in the perianal region. This was noticed about five and two months respectively, prior presentation. Clinical examination revealed a circumscribed mass of 2 cm diameter in the Rottweiler dog and 7 cm in the non-descript dog in the perianal region. Haemato-biochemical parameters showed relative neutrophillia and anemia whereas survey radiography of lateral thorax revealed no metastasis. Surgical resection of the mass was done under general anesthesia. Histopathology revealed the growths as perianal adenoma. There was no reoccurrence, during the three months follow up of both dogs post surgery.
      PubDate: 2024-07-04
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6758
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • An Economic Analysis of Credit Availment for Grape Cultivation and Value
           Addition from Different Sources in Vijayapura District of Karnataka, India
           

    • Authors: Asha Biradar, Prabhuling Tevari, G B Lokesh, Devendra Beeraladinni, Shivanand Kammar
      Pages: 5 - 12
      Abstract: The present study aims to analyze the extent of credit availment from different sources for grape cultivation and value addition in Vijayapura district, which is having the highest area under grape cultivation in Karnataka state. As the grape requires high maintenance expenses, its economic analysis is of great importance in its present status. The primary data was collected from 90 respondent grape farmers in the study area. The finding of the study revealed that the majority of the sample farmers (40%) have availed of short-term credit from commercial banks, followed by RRBs (36.66%), and cooperative banks/societies (23.34%) for grape cultivation. In contrast, for raisin-making activities, only 35 respondent farmers have availed themselves of additional non-institutional sources of credit, and the other 55 sample farmers were self-funding. Among the non-institutional sources, 57.15 per cent of the sample farmers borrowed loans from friends and relatives, while 42.85 per cent used moneylenders as a source of non-institutional credit for raisin-making purposes. All the sample farmers in the study area borrowed an average of ₹ 1,46,883 per acre from institutional sources for grape cultivation and the overall recovery rate for institutional sources was 83.81 per cent. The average amount of credit borrowed from moneylenders and friends or relatives by the sample farmers in the study area was ₹ 1,67,372 and the recovery rate was 59.32 per cent. The results indicated that the majority of farmers taking a loan from institutional sources for grape cultivation and for the raisin-making again obtained loans from non-institutional sources despite the higher interest rates since the credit quantity obtained from institutional sources was insufficient for both grape production and value addition (raisin making). To encourage this type of small-scale industry in rural areas, the government should devise special programmes that encourage farmers to engage in value-added activities.
      PubDate: 2024-07-04
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6759
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Effect of NPK Levels on Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Tuber Yield
           Attributes in the North Zone of Bihar, India

    • Authors: Mayank Mani Tripathi, Mayank Srivastava, Amrendra Kumar, Utkarsh Singh, Rupali Singh, Arpit Singh
      Pages: 13 - 20
      Abstract: This field research was carried out on a potato crop of the cultivar Kufri Lalit in the Rabi season of 2021–2022. at research farm of TCA, Dholi (Muzaffarpur), Bihar13 treatments and 3 replications were used in this experiment's randomised block design. The experimental location had a sandy loam texture, a reaction pH of 8.47 that is alkaline a low organic carbon content of 0.43%, and accessible N (223 kg ha-1). However, P (16.95 kg ha-1) and K (131.46 kg ha-1) availability is moderate. The varying levels of key nutrients had a substantial impact on all growth and yield parameters, including percent emergence, plant height, shoot and leaf number plant-1, dry matter accumulation, tuber bulking rate and yield. Among all treatments, treatment T10 (240N, 120P2O5 and 150K2O kg ha-1) recorded highest per cent emergence (94.00 %), plant's height (44.27), shoot's number plant-1 (5.60), leave's number plant-1 (56.30), tuber yield (26.53 t ha‑1) and treatment T10 also recorded statistically at par with treatment T6.
      PubDate: 2024-07-04
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6760
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Biodiversity and Ichthyofaunal Richness of Fish Population in River
           Subansiri in the Downstream of the Lower Subansiri Hydro-electric Power
           Project Dam, Assam, India

    • Authors: Imran Hussain, Ayub Ali, Imtiaz Ahmed, Rinku Gogoi, Jiten Sarma, Rajdeep Dutta, Sheetala Chintey
      Pages: 21 - 36
      Abstract: The present study on fish diversity, assemblages, water quality and conservation status of Subansiri river, Assam was conducted for a period of one year in the mainstream. Altogether 55 fish species belonging to 42 genera, 24 families and 10 orders were recorded from the river. The largest group Cypriniformes contributed 3 families (12.50%), 15 genera (35.71%) and 20 species (36.36%). As per IUCN conservation status, 51 (92.72%) species were recorded as Least Concern, 2 (3.64%) species under near threatened, 1 (1.82%) species under vulnerable and 1 (1.82%) species under endangered category. The mean value with regard to Physico-chemical parameters of river Subansiri was moderate. The Bray-Curtis similarity prepared for river Subansiri showed the highest similarity between stations 2 and 3 in the pre-monsoon season. The CCA analysis indicates that alkalinity, TDS, temperature, conductivity, pH, dissolved oxygen, transparency and velocity are the most important parameters influencing the fish distribution and assemblage in the river.
      PubDate: 2024-07-05
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6761
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Chemical Communication between Male and Female Sex of Bombyx mori

    • Authors: Abhigyan Rajkhowa, Monimala Saikia, Dipankar Brahma, Nilav Ranjan Bora, Rimpi Rani Saikia, Pankaj Lushan Dutta, Indrani Nath
      Pages: 37 - 47
      Abstract: Communication involves the systematic and symbolic exchange of information between entities. In insects, the most significant form of communication occurs between members of the same species. Silkworms primarily utilize pheromones for communication. Bombykol, the sex pheromone released by the female silk moth Bombyx mori, was first extracted by Adolf Butenandt. The biosynthesis of bombykol occurs in the pheromone gland, where various enzymes and genes participate in the biosynthesis process through an influx of extracellular Ca2+. Bombykol-sensitive ORNs are located on the antennae of male moths, which perceive the bombykol released by female moths. These ORNs are so sensitive that even a single pheromone molecule can generate an electric signal in the male moth. Once the male moth detects the bombykol molecule, the Pheromone Binding Protein plays a crucial role in enabling it to bind to the receptor without disruption. Mori, B. The substance is rapidly eliminated from its receptor site and rendered inactive by phenomenol-degrading enzymes and alcohol oxidase genes. Numerous studies and tests conducted on B. mori's sex pheromone have yielded important insights into the molecular and genetic aspects for the chemical interactions with male and female silkworms, which including the synthesis, behavioral reaction, and the perception of bombykol.
      PubDate: 2024-07-05
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6762
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • The Differential Diagnosis and Physiotherapeutic Treatment of Piriformis
           Syndrome: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Janaína Moraes Cardim, Diana Martins Santos, Elisangela Carneiro Quaresma, Leandro Franklim Silva Da Silva, Regina Dos Santos Silva, Renata Dos Santos Silva, Paulo Dias Rodrigues Junior, Sandriele Mougo Monteiro, Daniele Salgado, Vitor Hugo Auzier Lima
      Pages: 48 - 57
      Abstract: Piriformis syndrome is a neuromuscular pathology that occurs when the piriformis muscle compresses the sciatic nerve, causing it to become irritated. The piriformis muscle is located in the gluteal region and originates in the anterior part of the sacrum, so piriformis syndrome is characterized by pain in the gluteal region, which can radiate to the lower limbs, being confused with symptoms of other pathologies such as herniated discs and sciatica. Piriformis syndrome can occur due to various factors, including muscle spasms, trauma, anatomical abnormalities and excessive activity. The main symptoms of this pathology include unilateral pain in the gluteal region which can radiate to the lower limb, causing muscle weakness and numbness in the affected lower limb. Diagnosing this condition is challenging, as the symptoms overlap with other musculoskeletal conditions. However, with orthopedic tests and muscle stretches, clinical examinations and imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging, a diagnosis can be made. Therefore, this syndrome is a condition that can affect the quality of life of affected patients, which is why physiotherapy plays an extremely important role in the treatment of this syndrome through specific therapeutic plans for each patient. This article, therefore, aims to contribute significantly to knowledge of the importance of physiotherapy in the diagnosis and treatment of piriformis syndrome, in a systematic review.
      PubDate: 2024-07-05
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6763
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • A Comparative Study between the Effect of Conventional Method and Improved
           Fertilizer Broadcaster on the Agricultural Worker Fatigue

    • Authors: V. Vijaya Lakshmi, E. Shirin Hima Bindu
      Pages: 58 - 68
      Abstract: The investigation was executed at All India Coordinated Research Project on Women in Agriculture, Post Graduate & Research Centre, PJTSAU, Hyderabad, Telangana and the experiment was conducted in Ramchandraguda village in Maheswaram mandal, Rangareddy District, Telangana State. Agricultural workers who use traditional method of fertilizer broadcasting are exposed to a variety of occupational hazards, including musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), fatigue, and increased physiological strain. This research study investigated the physiological and ergonomic effects of using improved fertilizer broadcasters on agricultural workers. The study focused on a diverse range of crops, namely flowers, vegetables, and paddy, grown on red and black soil. A specific area of 20 x 20 square meters was designated for the research, with soil preparation involving tillage and resulting in a loose soil texture without stubbles. The sample consisted of 10 agricultural workers, with a mean age of 35 years and a work experience of approximately 4.2 years. The results of the study indicated that the improved fertilizer broadcaster is less demanding and more ergonomic than the conventional fertilizer broadcaster. Workers reported feeling less fatigued and more comfortable while using the improved fertilizer broadcaster, which could lead to improved productivity and reduced risk of injury. The drudgery index, which is a measure of worker fatigue and discomfort, was also lower when using the improved fertilizer broadcaster. This suggests that the improved fertilizer broadcaster helped to reduce the drudgery of agricultural workers. From the study it was concluded that the improved fertilizer broadcaster is a more sustainable and worker-friendly alternative to the conventional fertilizer broadcaster.
      PubDate: 2024-07-06
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6764
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Marketing Dynamics of Grapes in Pune Division: Channels, Efficiency, and
           Stakeholder Issues

    • Authors: Dashant R. Dhoriyani, Mahesh R. Prajapati
      Pages: 69 - 77
      Abstract: India emerging as the world's second-largest producer of fruits and vegetables. Farmers who produce agricultural products are spread over distant communities whereas customers live in semi-urban or urban areas. This produce must reach consumers for final usage and consumption. This product passes via various agencies and functionaries before reaching the consumer. The study objective is to identify different marketing channels of Grapes, estimate the price spread and marketing efficiency of identified channels, and identify Problems faced by different stakeholders. Primary data were collected through 60 farmers and 30 intermediaries. A descriptive study design with a non-probability sampling method and purposive sampling technique was employed. Tabular, percentage and Garrett ranking methods were utilized for data analysis to obtain the desired results. From this study, four marketing Channels were found namely Channel I (Farmer – village trader- wholesalers cum commission agents - Retailer - Consumer), Channel II (Farmer – pre-harvest contractor- wholesalers cum commission agents - Retailer - Consumer), Channel III (Farmer -Wholesaler cum commission agent - Retailer – Consumer) and Channel IV (Farmer - Company CC - Company DC - Consumer. Channel III stands out with the highest producer's share in the consumer's rupee (62.43%) and the highest marketing efficiency (1.66). The majority of farmers faced the challenge of high costs incurred for the purchase of inputs and for the transportation of produce. The quality variation was a major problem faced by village traders. Price fluctuation was a major problem faced by pre-harvest contractors. Facing competition from other private players was a major problem for private companies. Quality variation was a major problem for the wholesaler cum commission agent. Retailers' major problems were price fluctuation followed by high transportation costs.
      PubDate: 2024-07-08
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6765
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Compositional Analysis of the Lignocellulosic Biomass from Agricultural
           Waste (Rice Husk)

    • Authors: Sheeba Malik, Pramod Kumar Omre, Shreejaya Sivadas
      Pages: 78 - 84
      Abstract: Rice husk, a byproduct of rice milling, represents a significant agricultural waste biomass with untapped potential for various industrial applications. This study provides a comprehensive compositional analysis of rice husk to explore its utility as a valuable resource. The chemical composition of rice husk such as initial moisture content, hemicellulose, cellulose, lignin, ash and extractives were analyzed. The result reported in mean value i.e 9.884 ±0.56 (%) moisture content, 8.077±0.27 (%) extractives, 17.210 ± 0.69 (%) lignin, 21.073 ± 0.62 (%) hemicellulose and 38.640 ± 0.94 (%) cellulose, 15.0 ±0.87 (%) ash. This study concludes that rice husk is an abundant source of cellulose and holds significant potential for cellulose isolation.
      PubDate: 2024-07-08
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6766
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Marketing Channels of Pomegranate in Pune Division of Maharashtra, India

    • Authors: Umesh D. Tamboli, Mahesh R. Prajapati
      Pages: 85 - 94
      Abstract: Pomegranate, scientifically named Punica granatum L., is prized globally, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions like India, Iran, and Spain. Pomegranate cultivation has surged in India, notably in Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Karnataka, with India emerging as a top global producer. In 2020-21, India expanded pomegranate cultivation to 2.88 lakh hectares, yielding 32.70 lakh tonnes. Maharashtra led with 54.89% of national production and 59.38% of cultivated area, underscoring its key role despite slightly lower productivity than the national average. The objectives of the study were to identify different marketing channels of pomegranate, to estimate the price spread and marketing efficiency of identified marketing channels and to identify problems faced by stakeholders. The primary data was collected from 60 Pomegranate farmers and from 30 intermediaries. The study identified four different pomegranate marketing channels. Channel-1 (Producer →Pre-harvest contractor → Wholesaler-cum-commission agent→ Retailer →Consumer), Channel-2 (Producer →Wholesaler-cum-commission agent→ retailer → consumer), Channel-3 (Producer →Collection Center (CC) → Distribution Center (DC) → Consumer), Channel-4 (Producer →Village trader →Wholesaler-cum-commission agent →Retailer → Consumer). Channel-3 providing producers with 69.78% of the consumer price and demonstrating highest efficiency (2.31) for its Acharya-Agarwal marketing efficiency method was used. Pomegranate producers face challenges including high transportation costs, storage issues, price volatility, and market information deficits. Production problems include pest infestations, high input costs, and labor shortages. Intermediaries grapple with quality variation, labor scarcity, and price fluctuations. Strategic interventions in infrastructure, logistics, and market intelligence are crucial for sustainable profitability.
      PubDate: 2024-07-10
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6767
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • A Study on Self–esteem and Academic Achievement of Undergraduates

    • Authors: Souta Anjali, V. Vijaya Lakshmi, V. Kavitha Kiran
      Pages: 95 - 101
      Abstract: Having high self-esteem is one of the most important things for any person, especially for the student. It helps them to perform better in academics and to be confident in their academics. This study aims to find the relationship between the self-esteem level and academic performance of undergraduate students. It was conducted on undergraduate students of Hyderabad. The sample size was 30 and the age group of the respondents was between 18-21 years. Exploratory research design was used in the study. Stratified random sampling method was used to collect the samples.  Data was collected through interview method and further evaluated by frequency, percentage and correlation method. This study perceived that there is significant positive relationship between self-esteem level and academic performance of the undergraduates. The respondents who were having high self-esteem level were having good academic performance.
      PubDate: 2024-07-11
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6768
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Exploring the Role of Chitosan: A Natural Solution for Plant Disease and
           Insect Management

    • Authors: Rajkumari Padamini, Pukhram Bhumita, Sanjay Hazarika, Ramesha NM, G R Vishwas Gowda, Kushal Chaturvedi, Chandan Kumar Panigrahi, Rajshree Karanwal
      Pages: 102 - 116
      Abstract: Chitosan is an eco-friendly and multipurpose biopolymer that is obtained from the deacetylation of chitin. It is a polysaccharide with several uses. Chitosan is a useful option in phytopathology because of its biocompatibility, biodegradability, and bioactivity. Two naturally occurring substances that may be used in agriculture to manage plant diseases are chitin and chitosan. It was found that these compounds are toxic and that they prevent the growth and development of fungi. According to reports, they were effective against viruses, bacteria, and other pests. When host plants are exposed to microbial infections, fragments of chitin and chitosan have been shown to elicit activities that trigger a range of defence responses, such as the accumulation of phytoalexins, pathogen-related (PR) proteins and proteinase inhibitors, lignin synthesis, and callose formation. Thus, the goal of this study is to give the reader current knowledge about the use of chitosan formulations as pest and diseases control tools as well as information about their potential uses.
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6769
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Examine the Effects of Various Chemicals and Different Environmental
           Conditions on the Breakdown of Dormancy of Dragon Fruit (Hylocereus
           undatus var. White Fleshed Pitaya)

    • Authors: Jassi Singh, Kunal Adhikary, Vartika Singh, Sudheer Pathak, Divya Pandey
      Pages: 117 - 127
      Abstract: The dragon fruit, has attracted a lot of interest lately due to its eye-catching appearance and exceptional nutritional value. Despite its widespread use, little is known about the ideal circumstances for seed germination and the early stages of growth, such as the length of the seedling shoot, which are critical for the best crop production. By assessing the effects of different growing media on dragon fruit germination and early growth stages, this study seeks to close this gap. The experiment was laid out in the GPB (Genetics & Plant breeding) PG lab, Maxwell block, School of Agriculture (SOAG), ITM University, Gwalior, M.P. during 2024 in Completely Randomized Design with 9 treatments and 4 replications, i.e., T0 (Hydropriming in room temperature at 20-24˚C), T1 (Hydropriming 28˚C), T2 (Sand+ water mixture room temperature 20-24˚C), T3 (Sand+ water mixture in seed germinator 28˚C), T4 (Blotting sheet+ water in room temperature 20-24˚C), T5 (Blotting sheet+ water in seed germinator 28˚C), T6 (Citric acid treatment in room temperature 20-24, T7 (GA3 treatment 100 ppm Seed germinator at 28), T8 (TiO2 NPs 200 ppm Seed germinator at 28 Seeds were sown in petri plates on 26th February, 2024 in seed germinator and room temperature. The highest germination efficiency or percentage with 96.67%, followed by T8 (TiO2 NPs treatment in seed germinator at 28˚C) with 80% and T7 (GA3 treatment in seed germinator at 28˚C) with 78.33%, while T0 (Hydropriming in room temperature at 20-240C) has the lowest germination efficiency or percentage with 8.67%. The significantly highest seedling vigor index was recorded in T6 (Citric acid treatment room temperature at 20-24˚C) with 462.67 followed by T8 (TiO2 NPs treatment in seed germinator at 28˚C) with 353.67 and T7 (GA3 treatment in seed germinator at 28˚C) with 343.57 mg, while lowest seedling vigor index was recorded in T0 (Hydropriming in room temperature at 20-24˚C) with 32.67.
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6770
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Exploring Milk Consumption Trends and Cow Milk Health Benefits Awareness:
           A Consumer Analysis in Anand and Vidyanagar Cities

    • Authors: Anant Chaudhari, A.K. Makwana, M.D. Gurjar, K.C. Kamani, M.C. Prajapati
      Pages: 128 - 139
      Abstract: This study investigates the consumption patterns and consumer awareness of cow milk in Anand and Vidyanagar cities. India, as the largest milk producer globally, relies heavily on cow milk, which plays a crucial role in the national economy and rural livelihoods. Unlike other milk options such as goat's milk, cow milk is predominantly consumed due to its widespread availability, affordability, and established preference among Indian households. This research also aims to debunk common myths surrounding cow milk and explore consumer perceptions of special cow milk variants. Through a survey of 200 respondents, the study reveals demographic characteristics, milk consumption habits, and awareness levels regarding cow milk's health benefits. The results show a high prevalence of milk consumption (99%) with a preference for packed milk (67%) and daily consumption (78.5%). However, consumer awareness about cow milk's nutritional content and health benefits was relatively low. The study employs descriptive statistics, Chi-square tests, and the Karl Pearson Correlation Coefficient to analyze the data, finding no significant association between income and cow milk consumption and education level and cow milk consumption, but a positive correlation between age and milk consumption. The findings underscore the need for increased consumer education on the nutritional benefits of cow milk to enhance informed consumption choices. These insights can guide policymakers and industry stakeholders in designing effective educational campaigns and interventions to promote cow milk, ultimately supporting healthier dietary practices and boosting the dairy sector's growth.
      PubDate: 2024-07-13
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6771
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • A Review on Adaptive Strategies for Climate Resilience in Agricultural
           Extension Services in India

    • Authors: Rajesh C M, Abhishek Jadhav, Manohar K N, Prahlad P Bhat, Rahul Prasad R, Anil K, Pavan V
      Pages: 140 - 150
      Abstract: Adaptive strategies for enhancing climate resilience in agricultural extension services in India, amidst escalating climate challenges. It begins by delineating the profound impacts of altered weather patterns, increased frequency of extreme weather events, and shifting pest and disease dynamics on agricultural practices. The paper then delves into the variety of technological innovations, management practices, and policy interventions currently being implemented to bolster climate resilience. Notably, it highlights the adoption of precision agriculture technologies, climate-smart agricultural tools, and the innovative use of ICT in extension services to provide timely, targeted advice to farmers. On the management front, the paper discusses the significant benefits of crop diversification, advanced water management strategies like rainwater harvesting and drip irrigation, and improved soil health practices, which collectively contribute to a sustainable and resilient agricultural system. Policy and institutional adaptations are also examined, emphasizing the crucial role of supportive policy frameworks, community engagement, and multi-stakeholder partnerships in scaling successful adaptations and ensuring their sustainability. Drawing on international case studies-from Vietnam's effective water management techniques to Zambia's success with crop diversification and the technological advancements in North American agriculture-the review identifies key factors contributing to their success, challenges faced, and the potential for transferring these strategies to the Indian context. Each case study provides insights into overcoming barriers to adoption and highlights the importance of integrating local and scientific knowledge to achieve long-term sustainability. Concludes by stressing the need for a multi-faceted, inclusive approach that aligns with local environmental, cultural, and economic contexts to effectively address the unique challenges posed by climate change to Indian agriculture.
      PubDate: 2024-07-13
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6772
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic and to Develop Strategies for Resistance
           on the Farming Practices in Ganjam District-An Analysis

    • Authors: Suchismita Sahu, Santosh Kumar Rout, Ankit Kumar Jena
      Pages: 151 - 162
      Abstract: The present study entitled “Scientific study on the farming practices in ganjam district to comprehend the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and to develop strategies for resistance” was undertaken with a view to evaluate COVID-19's effects on farmers of Ganjam District of Odisha and to suggest them how to overcome such pandemic situation. The study followed purposive and random sampling techniques that were found appropriate and taken to undergo the analysis. The study was conducted in the Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IAS), Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University Bhubaneswar, between December 2020 and August 2022. For the selection of District, Blocks and Villages covering 120 respondents, information was collected through structured interview schedule and focus group discussion. Suitable tools and techniques used during the analysis to suffice the study need are frequency, percentage, mean score, standard deviation, Person’s coefficient Correlation, T- test, multiple regression was employed for analyzing collected data. The study revealed that majority of the respondents (85%) belong to middle and older group, having the sex ratio of 3:2 male and female. The study revealed that the education of children adversely affected with mean score of 2.625, further it has been observed that the farmers couldn’t ensure expenses on purchase of household materials. The study depicted that quality food consumption, expenditure habit and farming in general have been adversely affected. The banking activities as regard to getting loan, taking banking transactions have also been adversely affected. Several farmers have faced physical, socio-economic, technological and production constraints. In this study, particularly problem in sound sleep, depression, feeling of insecurity, slowdown of supply chain and non-availability of quality inputs for cultivation are the main focus constraints encountered by agriculture. It was also found that to mitigate such situation farmers had opined that the vaccine should be taken regularly and farmer should develop the saving habit for future use.
      PubDate: 2024-07-15
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6773
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • An Analysis of Socio-economic, Marketing and Management Constraints Faced
           by Beneficiaries after the Integrated Fisheries Development Scheme in
           Khammam District of Telangana

    • Authors: Kishor. K. M, I. Krishna Teja, K. Suhasini, M. Shyam Prasad, K. Supriya
      Pages: 163 - 169
      Abstract: Aims: This study typically aims to analyze the multifaceted challenges faced by fishers who are the beneficiaries of the Integrated Fisheries Development Scheme (IFDS) in Khammam District of Telangana. Study Design: Ex-post facto research design was used for the study and revealed the constraints faced by beneficiaries after IFDS. Place and Duration of Study: The study was held in Khammam district of Telangana. In Khammam district top 5 mandals with the highest number of beneficiaries were selected for the study. The study lasts from April to May 2024. Methodology: A three-stage random sampling technique was selected for the study with a sampling population of 120 beneficiaries. A well-structured pretested interview schedule was prepared that includes major constraints faced by respondents regarding socio-economic, marketing, and management challenges they faced after IFDS. The constraints were selected from previous literature. Based on ranks given to the listed constraints by respondents, the ranks were analyzed and conclusive results were drawn by using Garette’s ranking Technique. Results: The prime constraint with higher mean score values identified in these categories are in socio-economic constraints where problems in availing loans and insurance with mean score values of 72.06 and 66.31 respectively. In marketing constraints, Lack of proper market infrastructure (73.31) and Lack of processing facilities (61.61) were observed as major constraints. In management constraints, prime constraints observed were the high cost of material inputs (72) and high labor cost (59.91). Along with these major constraints some minor constraints were also identified in the study. Conclusion: Through a comprehensive examination of these constraints, the study seeks to offer insights that can assist policymakers, practitioners, and stakeholders in developing strategies to address the challenges encountered by beneficiaries of IFDS in the Khammam district of Telangana. This could potentially have a significant impact on fish productivity and the livelihood of fishers across the state.
      PubDate: 2024-07-16
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6774
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Nursing Care for Patients with Atrial Flutter Undergoing Catheter
           Ablation: Integrative Review

    • Authors: Yasmin Martins de Sousa, Alessandra Trindade de Moura Felipe, Deisiane da Silva Mesquita Serfaty, Andréa Maria da Silva Luz, Karina Faine Freitas Takeda, Natasha Cristina Oliveira Andrade, Danielle Etienne de Oliveira Bezerra Lima, Camila Carvalho do Vale, Suziane do Socorro dos Santos, Marcela Raíssa Asevedo Dergan, Perla Katheleen Valente Corrêa, Maria de Lourdes Maia de Moraes de Carvalho, Jully Greyce Freitas de Paula Ramalho, Mayara Annanda Oliveira Neves Kimura, Joyce dos Santos Freitas, Bruna Rafaela da Silva Sousa, Daniele Melo Sardinha, Tamires de Nazaré Soares
      Pages: 170 - 180
      Abstract: Cardiac arrhythmias are electrical changes in the heart, causing an increase or decrease in the heartbeat, whether regular or irregular. Atrial Flutter is characterized by increasing atrial rate, and maintains regularity, but affects quality of life and can compromise Hemodynamic stability, treatment can be by Catheter Ablation, an invasive procedure performed in Hemodynamics. The objective of this study was to describe the Nursing Care provided to patients with Atrial Flutter undergoing Catheter Ablation. This is an Integrative Review of the Literature, in the databases: Scielo, BDENF, and Google Scholar in the last ten years, the sample consisted of 12 articles. Two categories were listed on the theme: Nursing Care in the pre-, Trans, and Post-procedure and Systematization and Systematization of Nursing Care. The nursing diagnoses were derived from the studies and included fear, risk of infection, risk of adverse response to iodinated contrast medium, acute pain and risk of decreased cardiac tissue perfusion. It was concluded that the description of the Nurse's performance in this procedure provides knowledge and promotes the populations health, since this research offers current data on care on the subject. It was evidenced that nursing care in this diagnosis is not so specific, but in general for cardiac catheter procedures in the Hemodynamics sector.
      PubDate: 2024-07-17
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6775
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Impacts of Aircraft Noise on Psychosocial Health of Man: A Study in Sam
           Mbakwe International Cargo Airport, Imo State, Nigeria

    • Authors: Chidinma Acholonu, Diagi E. Bridget, Chukwudi Nwaogu, Justin N. Okorondu, Ekweogu Chinonye, Ajiere Susan, Agidi Victor, Chijioke Uyo, Obijuru Ifeoma
      Pages: 181 - 189
      Abstract: Noise can be seen as unwanted sound which is unpleasant to man and the Environment. One of the sources of noise pollution which has effect on man is aircraft noise.  Noise assessment level data were obtained at three stages of aircraft operation; Standby, Take-off and Landing for a period of five days. Two airlines within the same age limit were assessed for the study. The sound meter utilized in this study is sound meter android application. It has the measurement range of 30 to 130 dB(A) with an accuracy of ±2 dB(A) and resolution 0.1 dB(A). 100 copies of structured questionnaire were used to solicit information within the airport environment from workers on the perceived effects of aircraft noise on their health and daily activities within the airport. Data were collected and compared with World Health Organization (W.H.O) standard. Findings of the study revealed that the recorded noise levels were above the W.H.O permissible limit. Although, there were variation in noise level between the two airlines and the different stages assessed.  Findings from the questionnaire survey also revealed that 80% of the population admitted that the noise levels had impact on their health ranging from annoyance, stress, deprivation of sleep, hearing problems amongst others.  The study confirmed that aircraft noise had an impact on health and well-being of people. The study therefore, recommends that there is need to reduce the aviation noise impacts in other to promote human and environmental health.
      PubDate: 2024-07-18
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6776
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Enhancing Black Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] Yield with Composts and
           Biofertilizers: A Comprehensive Analysis of Variety- VL Bhat 201

    • Authors: Sanchung Lida, Kasinam Doruk, Anki Mibang, Karge Basar, Nabam Akli, Tadang Meena, P. Elavarasi, S. Keerthana
      Pages: 190 - 198
      Abstract: The experiment was conducted in the agriculture field of the Himalayan university, Jollang, Arunachal Pradesh to find out the effect of different composts and biofertilizers inoculations on black soybean yield. The experiment was set up in a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with three replications. Seven different composts and biofertilizers inoculations and one control treatment were used in the study to assess the effect of different composts and biofertilizers on black soybean yield. The findings of the study showed that vermicompost + phosphate solubilizing bacteria and vermicompost + rhizobium inoculant performed better in all aspects of yield components like number of pods per plant, number of seed per pod, seed weight, grain yield, straw yield, biological yield and harvest index etc. However, the control treatment performed lowest in every parameter. As a result of the experiment, it could be concluded that vermicompost + phosphate solubilizing bacteria has a significant effect on yield component of black soybean.
      PubDate: 2024-07-19
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6777
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • In vitro Effect of the Association of Therapeutic Ultrasound to
           Fluconazole on the Growth Inhibition of Candida albicans

    • Authors: Jaine Rodrigues da Rocha, Ítalo Felipe Nogueira Ribeiro, Isaac de Oliveira Santos, Renata Sales Soares, João Rafael Valentim-Silva, Luis Eduardo Maggi, Wagner Coelho de Albuquerque Pereira, Anselmo Fortunato Ruiz Rodriguez
      Pages: 199 - 207
      Abstract: Aims: The present work evaluated the synergistic effect of therapeutic ultrasound associated with fluconazole on Candida albicans in vitro. Place and Duration of Study: The experiments were carried out at the Phytopathology Laboratory at the Federal University of Acre (UFAC) and the Microbiology Laboratory at the Estácio Meta University Center in Rio Branco City, State of Acre, Brazil. Methodology: The experiments used a standard strain of Candida albicans (ATCC 10231). Planktonic suspensions of C. albicans were prepared and exposed to ultrasonic waves at frequencies of 1 MHz and 3 MHz, and intensity of 1.0 W/cm2, with application times of 5, 10, and 15 minutes. The treatment groups were ultrasound (UST) alone, Fluconazole alone (FLU), ultrasound combined with Fluconazole (UST + FLU), and a control group (no UST, no FLU). After 24 hours, a count of the Colony Forming Units (CFUs) was performed. Results: According to the results, a greater growth inhibition was observed in treatments (UST + FLU) at both frequencies for all three application times. It indicates that, at least in the conditions we used, therapeutic ultrasound combined with fluconazole inhibited the growth of C. albicans in vitro. The antimicrobial effect of this treatment was greater than the one with UST alone and with fluconazole alone. Conclusion: The association of antifungals with ultrasound can be considered a promising strategy to treat infections caused by fungi, allowing a reduced therapeutic period.
      PubDate: 2024-07-20
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6778
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • A Review of Energy Efficient Technology and Carbon Trading for Reducing
           Carbon Emissions

    • Authors: Satinder Kaur Khattra, Davinder Singh, Ritu Dogra
      Pages: 208 - 222
      Abstract: This review addresses the energy efficient technology and carbon trading for reducing carbon emissions. Energy-efficient technologies (EET) and carbon trading are mechanisms for mitigating climate change. EET offers direct ways to reduce emissions by improving the efficiency of energy use in various sectors. The use of technologies such as Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) in compressors, enhanced thermal performance in buildings, and smart lighting systems demonstrate significant potential in cutting energy consumption and thereby emissions The roles of carbon credits in international emission trading schemes, emphasizing their dual purpose of environmental protection and revenue generation for developing nations. The study explores into various types of carbon credit projects, including the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the Verified Carbon Standard (VCS), highlighting their distribution and impact across different regions. The importance of forests in carbon dioxide absorption and the challenges of ensuring permanence and accounting for carbon sequestration are also discussed. Additionally, the document examines policy recommendations, such as carbon pricing and emission reduction targets set by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
      PubDate: 2024-07-20
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6779
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Forecasting Maize Production in Telangana State Using Arima Model

    • Authors: M. Maheshnath, R. Vijaya Kumari, K. Suhasini, D. Srinivasa Reddy, A. Meena
      Pages: 223 - 229
      Abstract: The study utilized the Box-Jenkins approach for forecasting maize production in Telangana state. It involved the analysis of 55 years of empirical annual observations of maize production. The autocorrelation (ACF) and partial autocorrelation functions (PACF) were calculated to analyze the data. A suitable Box-Jenkins ARIMA model was fitted, and the validity of the model was examined using conventional statistical methods. Lastly, the next three years' worth of maize production was predicted using the autoregressive integrated moving average model's forecasting capability.
      PubDate: 2024-07-20
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6780
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • The Effects of a Three-Arm Hammer Cracker/ Beater on the Performance of a
           Newly Developed Palm Kernel Shell Cracking Machine

    • Authors: Alexander A. Offiong, Aniekan Offiong, A.P. Ihom, I.E. Markson
      Pages: 230 - 240
      Abstract: The effects of a 3-arm hammer cracker/ beater on the performance of a newly developed palm kernel shell cracking machine have been determined. The newly developed palm kernel cracker was equipped with a 3-arm hammer beater shaft, and a constant weight of 3000g of palm kernel shells were cracked under various operating speeds ranging from 800- 1600 rpm. During this period the performance of the newly developed machine equipped with the 3-arm hammer beater was evaluated. It was discovered that the 3000g of palm kernel nuts were cracked in just 30.14 seconds at a speed of 1600 rpm. The number of whole nuts was 541 at the operating speed of 1000 rpm which was the highest of all the processing speeds used. It was also discovered that the number of uncracked nuts decreased with increasing operating speed. Unbroken nuts were 87 at 1000 rpm and were the lowest operational speeds used. For the number of cracked nuts it was discovered that the number of cracked nuts increased with an increase in cracking speed or operational speed. The work observed that the effective capacity of the machine equipped with the 3-arm hammer beater increased with an increase in operational speed. The cracking efficiency also increased with increasing operational speed. Un-cracked nuts loss was seen to decrease as the operational speed increased. The highest performance efficiency of 84.53, the highest overall efficiency of 82.95, and the smallest value of split nut loss of 13.59 all occurred at the operational speed of 1000 rpm. It is therefore recommended that for this newly developed palm kernel shell cracking machine equipped with a 3-arm hammer beater the best operating speed should be 1000 rpm, to minimize losses and enjoy high performance efficiency.
      PubDate: 2024-07-20
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6781
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Participatory Approaches to Agricultural Research and Extension Services

    • Authors: Sunil Kumar, Alok Kumar Srivastava, Milind D. Joshi, Mahesh Pathak, Vipin Kumar Misra, Dhirendra Kumar
      Pages: 241 - 255
      Abstract: Participatory approaches in agricultural research and extension services have increasingly been recognized over recent decades as effective strategies for engaging farmers, integrating their expertise and preferences, and developing locally appropriate solutions. This article explores the various participatory methods used globally, particularly emphasizing practices in Asia and India. It traces the historical development of these approaches, outlines their core principles and methodologies, and presents evidence of their impact on agricultural productivity, sustainability, and the livelihoods of farmers. Through diverse case studies, including farmer field schools and participatory plant breeding, the article highlights the wide range of participatory techniques implemented in different regions. Additionally, it addresses the challenges and criticisms of participatory methods and suggests future directions for research and practice. Participatory approaches hold significant potential to enhance the responsiveness of agricultural research and extension services to the needs, knowledge, and creativity of farmers. Nonetheless, these approaches necessitate substantial investments in capacity building, institutional reforms, and policy adjustments to foster an environment conducive to participatory innovation. Continued research is crucial to evaluate the long-term effects and to facilitate the scaling up of successful participatory models.
      PubDate: 2024-07-20
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6782
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Does Upper Arm Length, Arm Span, and Foot Length Serve as Good Predictors
           for Stature' A Cross-Sectional Study among Northern Nigerians

    • Authors: Loveday Ese Oghenemavwe, Hakeem Babatunde Fawehinmi, Peter Done Okoh, Lekpa Kingdom David, Michael Anozie Amadi, Chile A. Oparaocha, Celestine Ebieto Ebieto, Priscilla Nkechinyere Nwofor, Nicholas Asiwe
      Pages: 256 - 264
      Abstract: Background: Stature estimation is an important identification process in the field of physical and forensic anthropology and for industrial design. The study aims to determine if upper arm length, foot length, and arm span could be good predictors for stature among northern Nigerians. Methods: The study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional design using a multi-stage random sampling technique. 400 northern Nigerians (200 males and 200 females) were involved in the research and data were collected via direct anthropometric method using a stadiometer, and meter rule. The data obtained were analyzed using the IBM SPSS and probability was stated (p<0.05). Results: The findings of the study show that males have a mean value for the standing height, upper arm length, foot length, and arm span as 171.97±6.68 cm, 32.62±2.55 cm, 25.76±1.17 cm, 181.72±7.83 cm respectively, and females were 163.33±5.96 cm, 35.23±2.19 cm, 23.04±1.51 cm, and 168.67±6.68 cm for standing height, upper arm length, foot length, and arm span which has shown sexual differences and age-related differences (p<0.05). The upper arm was found to be a weak predictor for stature (R=0.045, SEE=7.66), foot length and arm span were good predictors of stature (R=0.73, SEE=5.24 and R=0.83, SEE=4.25) univariately. Multivariate analysis of the upper arm length, foot length, and arm span were better predictors for stature (R=0.85, SEE=4.07).  Conclusion: The foot length and arm span are good predictors of stature and the findings will be useful to forensic anthropologists 
      PubDate: 2024-07-20
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6783
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Enhancing Animal Nutrition and Sustainability: The Vital Role of
           Genetically Modified Crops in Animal Feeding

    • Authors: Rukkiya Siddiqui, B.C. Mondal, Meesam Raza, Sawan Kumar, Rashmi Goswami, Muteeb Ullah Rafiqui, Adis Mirel Ahmed, Mohit Bhardwaj, Preeti Verma, Damini Arya
      Pages: 265 - 277
      Abstract: Agriculture and livestock are fundamental to the economies of developing countries. A substantial portion of crop harvests is allocated for animal feed. Thus, more technological advancements are necessary to enhance agricultural productivity and provide affordable feed. Future biotech crops are expected to play a crucial role in this area. The goal is often to introduce traits into plants that do not naturally occur in these species. These new traits may include resistance to pests, diseases, or environmental conditions, or the production of specific nutrients or pharmaceutical agents. GM crops have indirectly benefited the livestock sector by increasing the yield of feed ingredients and improving quality traits. These crops are primarily used in livestock feed rations as energy and/or protein sources. Numerous animal feeding studies have been conducted to demonstrate that genetically modified crops are as nutritious and wholesome as compared to their conventional counterparts. No biological relevant differences in animal performance, health, or animal product (meat and milk) composition had been observed in various studies conducted. Overall, no significant differences in gain, intake, and feed conversion have been reported.  Since the GM crop’s composition is not different from its conventional counterpart [except for the introduced transgene(s) and expressed protein(s)] and the expressed transgenic protein is rapidly digested in the digestive system, one would not expect any unintended effects. The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops into the market undergoes extensive testing and a rigorous approval process to ensure food, feed, and environmental safety. This process includes thorough analyses before GM crops are deemed safe for commercial use. GM livestock feed is assessed for its nutritional composition and digestibility by comparing it with conventional crops. Therefore, while GM crops have the potential to enhance the efficiency of animal agriculture by improving nutritional content, reducing pesticide use, and increasing crop yields, it is essential to approach their adoption with caution.
      PubDate: 2024-07-22
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6784
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
  • Trends in Area, Production and Productivity of Castor in Telangana

    • Authors: Nivetha S, Shakuntala Devi I, Lavanya T, Aruna K
      Pages: 278 - 285
      Abstract: Aims: To analyse the trends in area, production and productivity of castor in Telangana and major erstwhile districts of Telangana. The main purpose of the study is to understand the growth rate of castor in a region of Telangana, as India is the largest exporter of castor oil, which has multiple industrial applications. Methodology:  The secondary data of the area, production and productivity of castor from 2001-02 to 2022-23 were collected from the Directorate of Economics and Statistics. The Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) was used to analyse the time-series data of castor. CAGR was calculated for 3 periods -Period I (2001-02 to 2011-12), Period II (2012-13 to 2022-23), Overall Period (2001-23). Results:  The results showed a decreasing trend in both castor area and production. But castor productivity observed a positive growth rate in Telangana and the major erstwhile castor-growing districts like Mahbubnagar and Medak. However, few districts like Rangareddy, Nalgonda, and Warangal showed negative trends in productivity during Period I. The study highlighted a decline in the castor area due to the incidence of diseases like Botrytis, shifting to other crops such as cotton and climate variability. Conclusion: The study indicated that the decline in the castor area is a major concern and this study will be useful in agricultural policy making to take appropriate actions to reverse the declining trends of castor cultivation in Telangana.
      PubDate: 2024-07-22
      DOI: 10.9734/acri/2024/v24i6785
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2024)
       
 
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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 265 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adıyaman University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Research     Open Access  
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afrique Science : Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alfarama Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
BJHS Themes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin of the National Research Centre     Open Access  
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciencia Amazónica (Iquitos)     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia Ergo Sum     Open Access  
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Comunicata Scientiae     Open Access  
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access  
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Einstein (São Paulo)     Open Access  
Ekaia : EHUko Zientzia eta Teknologia aldizkaria     Open Access  
Emergent Scientist     Open Access  
Enhancing Learning in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access  
Fontanus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 252)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
Futures & Foresight Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access  
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
HardwareX     Open Access  
Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hoosier Science Teacher     Open Access  
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Instruments     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
International Annals of Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Science and Technology Journal of Namibia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal     Open Access  
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Investigación Joven     Open Access  
Investigacion y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
iScience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Issues in Science & Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Ithaca : Viaggio nella Scienza     Open Access  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Advanced Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Big History     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Diversity Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of King Saud University - Science     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science)     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Taibah University for Science     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 168)
Journal of the Indian Institute of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science     Open Access  
Journal of Unsolved Questions     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Dasar     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknosains     Open Access  
Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access  
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Logo STI Science, Technology and Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Malawi Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Maskana     Open Access  
MethodsX     Open Access  
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
National Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Naturen     Full-text available via subscription  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Studies in Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nova     Open Access  
Open Conference Proceedings Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
People and Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Población y Desarrollo - Argonautas y caminantes     Open Access  
Politique et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, The     Full-text available via subscription  
QScience Connect     Open Access  
Quantum Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  
Reports in Advances of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Research Policy : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Respuestas     Open Access  
Revista Bases de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Revista Cientifica Guillermo de Ockham     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Revista UniVap     Open Access  
SAINSTIS     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Sci     Open Access  
Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5082)
Science & Diplomacy     Free   (Followers: 3)
Science Advances     Free   (Followers: 44)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Science World Journal     Open Access  
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ScienceRise     Open Access  
Sciences du jeu     Open Access  

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