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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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Advances in Research
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2348-0394
Published by SCIENCEDOMAIN international Homepage  [66 journals]
  • The Effectiveness of Audiovisual Media on Increasing Knowledge about
           HIV-AIDS Housewives in Makassar City

    • Authors: Abdul Gafur , Hamsu Abdul Gani, Andi Ihsan
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: This study aims to develop HIV-AIDS educational media, to test the feasibility of HIV-AIDS educational media in increasing the knowledge and reducing the stigma of housewives against HIV-positive people and to find out the effectiveness of HIV-AIDS educational media interventions in increasing knowledge and reducing the stigma of housewives living with HIV after audio-visual media intervention. This research is a type of experimental research with a one group pre posttest design to test the effectiveness of audio-visual media in increasing the knowledge of housewives about HIV-AIDS. The results showed that knowledge obtained a significant value of 0.00 < α = 0.05 which means that there was a difference between before and after the audiovisual media intervention was carried out for housewives. So expected for the heads of related agencies, it is hoped that education to increase knowledge using audio visual can be a guideline for health workers and outreach workers in the implementation of providing education to the community.
      PubDate: 2023-08-28
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2023/v24i6977
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2023)
  • Using Fidget Spinners and Stress Balls Do Not Impact College Introductory
           Psychology Test Scores

    • Authors: Terry F. Pettijohn II , Victoria Riley-Lomedico
      Pages: 9 - 13
      Abstract: Aim: To determine if the use of fidget spinners and stress balls impact college test scores in Introductory Psychology courses.  Study Design:  A between-participants experimental design was used.  Students were randomly assigned into conditions.  Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at Coastal Carolina University, Conway, South Carolina, USA.  Fall semester. Methodology: 170 college students enrolled in Introductory Psychology courses participated in the study.  Participants were randomly assigned to use a fidget spinner, a stress ball, or sit quietly for 3 minutes before a unit test in their Introductory Psychology course. Results: Quantitative data was analyzed using SPSS.  There were no statistically significant differences in test scores between the three groups (P=.28).  The fidget spinner group (M=75.82, SD=13.12), the stress ball group (M=76.41, SD=13.89), and the control group (M=79.33, SD=11.17) scored similarly to each other on the unit test. Conclusion: Using fidget spinners or stress balls do not impact Introductory Psychology test scores.
      PubDate: 2023-08-29
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2023/v24i6978
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2023)
  • The Effect of Training Methods on Improving Passing in Soccer Games

    • Authors: M. Said Zainuddin , Arifuddin Usman , Muhammad Kamal , Ikhwan Abduh , Akbar Sudirman , Andi Muhammad Fadlih
      Pages: 14 - 20
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to compare the impact of the solid method and the distribution method on enhancing soccer passing. The experimental research method is used to compare the influence of two variables and determine or examine any differences. In this method, the author conducted an experiment by giving group A reliable training method and treating group B with a distribution training method. In taking the initial test data to determine the initial test data, one can determine the initial test data. Taking the initial test data to determine the sample's initial data before receiving treatment and the final test to determine the training's effectiveness. With a research sample of forty individuals. After data processing and statistical analysis, it was determined that there is no significant difference between the effects of distribution training and firm training on passing improvement in soccer. There is a significant interaction between the distribution training method group and the solid training method when it comes to enhancing soccer passing. In this instance, the distribution training method has a greater effect than the solid training method on the passing development of 12-13-year-old novice soccer players.
      PubDate: 2023-08-30
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2023/v24i6979
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2023)
  • Risk Assessment and Control of Stunting in Makassar City, Indonesia

    • Authors: Muslimin B. , Lahming, Hasmyati, A. Arsunan Arsin
      Pages: 21 - 29
      Abstract: The focus of this research is the problem of stunting in children under five, which has an impact on human productivity and the quality of health in Indonesia. One of the factors that influence stunting is environmental problems that have not been fully resolved. knowledge about infectious diseases and environmental sanitation that contribute to stunting. This study aims to observe and analyze how knowledge about infectious diseases and environmental sanitation relates to stunting control. This study uses a cross-sectional study in which the population is mothers who have children under five. A total of 152 stunted toddlers surveyed were purposive samples. The results showed that there was a significant correlation with p = (0.012) < (α = 0.05) between knowledge about infectious diseases and stunting control behavior. Knowledge of environmental sanitation has a significant correlation with stunting control behavior.
      PubDate: 2023-08-30
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2023/v24i6980
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2023)
  • Bacteriological Profile of Surgical Site Infection: A Descriptive Study at
           Deido District Hospital in Douala, Cameroon

    • Authors: Faustin Atemkeng Tsatedem , Fondop J., Bayol A. D. , J. H. Donfack , J. Djokam , S. Temgoua , Djam C. Alain , Kedy Magamba
      Pages: 30 - 38
      Abstract: Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is defined as infections occurring within 30 days after a surgical operation, or within one year if an implant is left in place after the procedure. Surgical site infection is classified by the american center for disease control (CDC) into superficial incisional surgical site infections SSI, deep incisional SSI and organ/space SSI. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of post-surgical site infections, assess the risk factors, determine the various and most microorganisms encountered and study the antibiotic sensitivity in post-surgical site infection after post-surgical site infection in Deido district hospital Douala. Materials and Methods: we conducted a 3 months hospital based prospective study on general surgery, obstetric and gynecologic records admission at the Deido district Hospital Douala from February 1st 2020 to April 30th 2020. We included available files of the general surgery, obstetrics and gynecology. We excluded paediatrics and medical. The study was approved by the institutional ethic review board of the faculty of health sciences of the university of Bamenda. Results: We had 133 of post-surgical patients in general surgery, obstetric and gynecologic. The prevalence of post-surgical site infection was 32,3% (43/133). Male gender aged 50-60 years were more affected than female to developed SSI. Diabetes mellitus and immunodepression by the human immuno deficiency virus had respective prevalence of 48.1 and 81,8% and increased hosptal stay after operation. Peritonitis with perforation was the most involved (14%). The identified germs were Staphylococcus aureus (11,3%), followed by Escherichia coli (8%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3,8%) and pseudomonas spp (3%). Staphylococcus aureus was sensible to vancomycin (73,33%), netilmicin, amikacin (6o%). Escherichia coli was sensible to gentamycin, ciprofloxacin, augmentin with a prevalence of 63,64%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was sensible to pristinacine (80%) and amikacin (60%). Pseudomonas spp was sensible to netilmicin, amikacin (75%) followed by gentamicin, levofloxacin and ofloxacin (50%). Conclusion: The prevalence of Post-surgical site infection was high,  the clinical spectrum and bacterial  sensitivity was diverse.
      PubDate: 2023-09-02
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2023/v24i6981
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2023)
  • Development of Procedures in Designing Blended Learning Integrated Soft
           Skills in Higher Education

    • Authors: Nur Ismiyati, Usman Mulbar, Rusli
      Pages: 39 - 49
      Abstract: Blended learning is a teaching approach that combines face-to-face and online learning, requiring instructors to design instruction that considers the combination and timing of both types of learning. The integration of these approaches aims to achieve learning goals. Thus, there is a need for a guide to assist instructors in designing valid, practical, and effective blended learning experiences. This study follows an Educational Design Research (EDR) methodology, which includes preliminary research, a prototyping phase, and an assessment phase, following the Plomp model. The research instruments used in this study include validation sheets, implementation assessment sheets completed by subjects, and participant response questionnaires. The data were analyzed using techniques to assess validity, practicality, and effectiveness. The analysis results indicate that all instruments fall within the valid category. The evaluation of practicality based on participant response questionnaires yielded an overall score of 80%, indicating practicality. The evaluation of effectiveness for the assessment of the design created by the subjects showed excellent results. Participant responses were positive, and the data on the impact of the design structure on new knowledge and skills indicated that participants effectively applied the acquired knowledge and skills. Therefore, the soft skills-oriented blended learning design in higher education has met the criteria of validity, practicality, and effectiveness.
      PubDate: 2023-09-06
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2023/v24i6982
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2023)
  • Development of a Smart Air Quality Monitoring System Using Wireless

    • Authors: E. U. Oyo-Ita , U. J. Ekah, P. Ana , I. O. Ewona
      Pages: 50 - 59
      Abstract: With the fast-growing urbanization and increased industrialization around cities in Nigeria, the quality of the air we breathe has become a paramount concern. There is a need for an accurate, real-time air quality monitoring system to monitor and evaluate the air quality we inhale. This article presents the development of a Smart Air Quality Monitoring System (SAQMS) utilizing wireless sensor technology. The SAQMS was designed to provide a comprehensive and intelligent solution for monitoring air quality index, including but not limited to particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), carbon monoxide (CO), temperature and humidity. Leveraging wireless sensor nodes and advanced IOT, the system offers real-time data collection and analysis, enabling immediate response to environmental changes. Key features of the SAQMS include a network of wireless sensors (MQ 135 and DHT11) strategically deployed across targeted areas, data transmission through secure communication protocols, cloud-based data storage and processing, and a user-friendly interface for data visualization and interpretation. As we confront the challenges of air pollution and its impact on human well-being, the development of the SAQMS presents a significant step towards informed decision-making and a more sustainable future as the experiment shows our developed system can detect air quality in parts per million (ppm), with other environmental factors such as temperature and relative humidity.
      PubDate: 2023-09-18
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2023/v24i6984
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2023)
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