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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 265 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adıyaman University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Research     Open Access  
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afrique Science : Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alfarama Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
BJHS Themes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin of the National Research Centre     Open Access  
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciencia Amazónica (Iquitos)     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia Ergo Sum     Open Access  
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Comunicata Scientiae     Open Access  
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access  
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Einstein (São Paulo)     Open Access  
Ekaia : EHUko Zientzia eta Teknologia aldizkaria     Open Access  
Emergent Scientist     Open Access  
Enhancing Learning in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access  
Fontanus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
Futures & Foresight Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access  
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
HardwareX     Open Access  
Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hoosier Science Teacher     Open Access  
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Instruments     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
International Annals of Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Science and Technology Journal of Namibia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal     Open Access  
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Investigación Joven     Open Access  
Investigacion y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
iScience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Issues in Science & Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Ithaca : Viaggio nella Scienza     Open Access  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Advanced Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Big History     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Diversity Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of King Saud University - Science     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science)     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Taibah University for Science     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 167)
Journal of the Indian Institute of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science     Open Access  
Journal of Unsolved Questions     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Dasar     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknosains     Open Access  
Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access  
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Logo STI Science, Technology and Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Malawi Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Maskana     Open Access  
MethodsX     Open Access  
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
National Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Naturen     Full-text available via subscription  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Studies in Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nova     Open Access  
Open Conference Proceedings Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
People and Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Población y Desarrollo - Argonautas y caminantes     Open Access  
Politique et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, The     Full-text available via subscription  
QScience Connect     Open Access  
Quantum Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  
Reports in Advances of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Research Policy : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Respuestas     Open Access  
Revista Bases de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Revista Cientifica Guillermo de Ockham     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Revista UniVap     Open Access  
SAINSTIS     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Sci     Open Access  
Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5073)
Science & Diplomacy     Free   (Followers: 3)
Science Advances     Free   (Followers: 44)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Science World Journal     Open Access  
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ScienceRise     Open Access  
Sciences du jeu     Open Access  

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Advances in Research
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2348-0394
Published by SCIENCEDOMAIN international Homepage  [66 journals]
  • Assessing the Nutrient Intake, Energy Expenditure and Physical Activity
           Level of Obese and Non-obese Women in Hisar District, India: A Cross
           Sectional Study

    • Authors: Veenu Sangwan, Varsha Rani
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: The present study was conducted on thirty obese and thirty non-obese women (30-45 years) of Hisar district, Haryana to assess their mean nutrient intake, adequacy of intake of different nutrients, energy expenditure and physical activity level. The subjects did not exhibit any health complications and, overall, were in a state of good health. It was found that the mean intake of energy, protein, fat, folic acid and magnesium by respondents was comparable to Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) i.e 98 to 129 per cent of RDA.  But when assessed on parameter of adequacy it was found that only 50 to 53.3 percent of respondents consumed adequate protein. Intake of most of the nutrients (iron, β-carotene, folic acid) under study, by them, was marginally adequate to inadequate when compared to the recommended values (with few exceptions). Calcium intake of 50 per cent of non-obese women was adequate while iron intake of 66.7 per cent of them was 50 to 74.9 per cent of RDA. All the obese and non-obese women were sedentary workers and consumed more energy than their requirement. This low intake in their nutrient intake may be due to inadequate intake of protective foods and it was felt that they need awareness regarding balanced diet and endorse adoption of a healthy life style by including minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity in their daily routines.
      PubDate: 2024-05-02
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41074
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Empowering Farmers to Enhance Water Use Efficiency: Innovative Practices
           in SSPC

    • Authors: Miteshkumar M Vaghasiya
      Pages: 7 - 12
      Abstract: The Sardar Sarovar project, featuring a gravity dam on the Narmada River in Gujarat, stands as one of the largest in terms of concrete volume globally. This study investigates the project's extensive canal network and its impact on agricultural productivity in the command area. Covering a vast expanse across multiple states, the project's irrigation allocation and water management strategies are examined. Special attention is given to addressing soil degradation issues, particularly salinity, and implementing farmer-centered interventions to enhance water use efficiency. Methodologies include land rejuvenation efforts, reclamation of salt-affected land, participatory irrigation management, and promoting improved agricultural practices. Results indicate successful mitigation of soil degradation and increased crop yields through strategic interventions like cotton-castor relay cropping which has demonstrated a 1.5-fold increase in income compared to sole cropping. Intercropping with isabgul/ajwain, and implementing deficit irrigation have resulted in a substantial 43% increase in overall yield, particularly in cumin cultivation. Farmers have also embraced innovative water-saving techniques, such as alternative furrow irrigation and strategic timing of irrigation during critical growth stages, resulting in water savings of 30-35%. However, challenges remain in achieving widespread adoption of participatory irrigation management practices. The study concludes with insights into the necessity of sustained social engineering efforts and community engagement for long-term water resource management and agricultural sustainability in the project area.
      PubDate: 2024-05-03
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41075
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Influence of Dietary Zinc Supplementation on Serum Minerals (Zinc,
           Calcium, Phosphorus) and Liver Enzyme Level (ALP, ALT, GGT) in Layer
           Chicken

    • Authors: P. S. Megha, V. Ramnath , K. V. Vishnudas
      Pages: 13 - 20
      Abstract: The Indian industry is presently focussed in production of eggs that have higher or enriched levels of certain nutrients. These eggs are capable of safeguarding the health of consumers. Designer eggs have high market demand because of the consumers’ willingness to purchase designer eggs due to its’ nutritional qualities additional to regular eggs. Considering these facts the current study was planned to produce zinc enriched eggs by supplementing laying hens’ diet with required levels of zinc. The present study was conducted at the Department of Veterinary Physiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, for 12 weeks. A total of 28 week old thirty two laying hens, belonging to crossbred (White Leghorn N strain and Desi) housed in the animal house attached to the department were used in the experiment. The treatments of this study included a control diet (according to BIS, 2007) fed group and zinc-supplemented group. Each of the experimental treatments had four replicates with four birds with all standard managemental conditions. The functional liver status of birds was not altered due to zinc supplementation, since the present study neither caused any toxicity nor imparted any negative effect on the production performance. Highly significant effect was observed on serum concentration of zinc and calcium. However, the phosphorus levels of treated birds were not significantly different from the control group.
      PubDate: 2024-05-04
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41076
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Internally Displaced Persons and Socio-territorial Integration in the
           Commune of Kaya in Burkina Faso: A Sustainable Solution Study

    • Authors: Zongo Sylvestre , Ouedraogo Ibrahim , Soma Assonsi
      Pages: 21 - 29
      Abstract: Burkina Faso, previously spared from destabilization of all kinds, suffered its first terrorist acts in April 2015 in Samorogouan. These first terrorist acts were followed by several others that led to the forced internal displacement of nearly 2,000,000 people. These IDPs have chosen 301 municipalities spread across the 13 regions of the country as destinations for refuge. The main objective of this study is to analyse the living conditions and socio-territorial integration of IDPs and durable solutions to address the crisis of forced internal displacement in the commune of Kaya. The research methodology consisted of conducting a literature review on the study topic, collecting primary data through field surveys, interviews and direct observations in the study area. The results of this study show that IDPs in Kaya commune face precarious living conditions. On the other hand, their conditions for socio-territorial integration are good in view of the cordial relations that the IDPs maintain with the host populations of the commune. In addition, durable solutions to address the forced internal displacement crisis include the resettlement of IDPs in other parts of the country, return to areas of origin and integration in IDP-hosting areas. These solutions could address forced internal displacement and address those affected. This would facilitate the reintegration or socio-territorial integration of IDPs either in their areas of origin or in their reception areas.
      PubDate: 2024-05-04
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41077
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Studies on the Persistence of Pyraclostrobin 10% CS in Acidic, Neutral and
           Basic Waters by Validated HPLC-DAD Method

    • Authors: Joga Simhachalam, Gandham Hima Bindu
      Pages: 30 - 39
      Abstract: This paper presents a method for the determination of pyraclostrobin 10% CS, a fungicide used in agriculture, in water samples with different pH values. The method is based on high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and uses a reversed-phase column and a gradient elution. The method was validated according to the SANCO guidelines and showed good linearity, accuracy, precision, sensitivity and selectivity. The method was applied to study the persistence of pyraclostrobin 10% CS in acidic, neutral and basic water under laboratory conditions. The results showed that pyraclostrobin 10% CS was degraded rapidly in basic water with a half-life of less than ten days. The degradation products were identified by HPLC. The study involved exposing water samples to direct sunlight until the end of the experiment. The water samples had different pH levels: acidic (4.0), neutral (7.0) and basic (9.0). The water samples also contained Pyraclostrobin, a fungicide. The researchers collected aliquots of the water samples at various time intervals: 0, 1, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 days. The analysis continued until the Pyraclostrobin residues were below the detection limit. The DT50 can vary significantly depending on environmental conditions, such as pH levels. At pH 4, pH 7, and pH 9, the reported DT50 ranges between 6 to 8.1 days, indicating a moderate rate of degradation or dissipation in these conditions. These values suggest that the substance is relatively stable across a range of acidic to basic conditions, with only slight variations in the degradation rate.
      PubDate: 2024-05-06
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41078
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Assessing Financial Inclusion Impact on Economic Empowerment in
           Pondicherry: A Study on Banking Scheme Beneficiaries

    • Authors: Venkatesa Palanichamy N., Kalpana M., Ilavazhagan V., Aruna Prabha S.
      Pages: 40 - 46
      Abstract: The Indian banking industry today is quite robust and strong to be able to take on the challenges of achieving greater financial inclusion. Access to affordable financial services, such as credit and insurance enlarges livelihood opportunities and empowers the poor to take care of their lives. These empowerment aids will create social and political stability. Customers who are account holders in Indian bank under financial inclusion scheme in Pondicherry formed the population of the study. The bank stated that thousands of customers were covered under this scheme. Since the study focus only on individual account holders, of financial inclusion. List of individual account holders was obtained from the bank case firm. Majority (60 per cent) of the respondents’ income was in the range of around Rs. 3,000 – 5, 000 per month. 64 per cent of sample respondents were living in the concrete roofed houses. About 37 per cent of respondents were visiting the bank once in a month followed 33 per cent visits as and when it requires. The economic empowerment index revealed that there was no significant improvement in the savings pattern, increase in income and housing condition and it was found that there was slow and insignificant level of economic empowerment taking place among the socially disadvantageous people even after the financial inclusion under NPPFI scheme implemented by banks. It could be concluded that the scheme had not brought any significant change in the life style and economic status of the people who are supposed to be its beneficiaries.
      PubDate: 2024-05-07
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41079
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Preparation, Characterization, and Biological Assessment of Heterocyclic
           Schiff Base Metal Complexes

    • Authors: Y. Prashanthi , K. Kiranmai , Tentu Nageswara Rao , Shivaraj
      Pages: 47 - 56
      Abstract: MIIMC, MMIIMC, and CMIIMC are biologically significant Schiff bases formed by the condensation of 3-amino-5-methyl isoxazole with formyl chromone. Substituted formyl chromones and metal chelates containing Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), and Zn(II) are prepared. These were studied utilising elemental analysis, FTIR, UV-VIS, 1H, 13C, mass spectra, magnetic susceptibility, conductance tests, and thermogravimetric techniques. The data revealed that the ligands display neutral, bidentate coordination through carbonyl oxygen and azomethine nitrogen. The antibacterial activity of the ligands and metal complexes is determined in vitro against bacteria and fungus using the paper disc method. Metal chelates have significantly higher MIC values against bacteria than ligands. The DNA binding properties of Cu(II) complexes were examined. MTT is used to determine the complexes' anticancer efficacy against HL60 tumour cells. The researchers discovered that the complexes prevented apparent morphological alterations. The inhibition ratio was hastened by increasing the dosage, and it had a strong positive association with the medicine dosage. Thermal analysis of complexes showed initial mass loss due to moisture and hydrated water molecules, followed by weight loss at 220oC due to coordinated water molecules, indicating metal oxide breakdown.
      PubDate: 2024-05-08
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41080
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Effect of Growth Retardants on Plant Yield and Seed Quality of Groundnut
           (Arachis hypogaea L.)

    • Authors: B. Srikanth, B. Santhosh, P. Sandhya Rani, K. John
      Pages: 57 - 63
      Abstract: A field experiment was carried out during Kharif, 2023 at dryland farm of S. V. Agricultural College, Tirupati campus of Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, Andhra Pradesh. The experiment was laid out in a split-plot design with three replications and two Genotypes as main factor (G1- Dharani, G2- K-6), growth retardants as sub factor (T1- Control + RDF of NPK, T2- MH @ 2000 ppm at 20 DAS, T3- MH @ 2000 ppm at 45 DAS, T4- PBZ @ 250 ppm at 20 DAS, T5- PBZ @ 250 ppm at 45 DAS , T6- ABA @ 250 ppm at 20 DAS, T7- ABA @ 250 ppm at 45 DAS, T8- ABA @ 500 ppm at 20 DAS, T9- ABA @ 500 ppm at 45 DAS, T10- CCC @ 5000 ppm at 20 DAS, T11- CCC @ 5000 ppm at 45 DAS). The current experiment was conducted with an objective to study the impact of growth retardants on reduction of plant stature thereby enhancing the reproductive and assimilates partitioning efficiency. Results revealed that application of T5- PBZ @ 250 ppm at 45 DAS recorded higher Pod yield, Kernel yield, 100 kernel weight, protein content and oil content.
      PubDate: 2024-05-08
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41081
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • The Role of Bio-fortification in Enhancing the Nutritional Quality of
           Vegetables: A Review

    • Authors: Badri Lal Nagar, Satendra Singh Thakur, Pawan Kumar Goutam, Pramod Kumar Prajapati, Rakesh Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Rajat Singh, Arun Kumar
      Pages: 64 - 77
      Abstract: Bio-fortification is a process that enhances the nutritional quality of crops, including vegetables, by increasing their micronutrient content. It can be achieved through different approaches such as agronomic, conventional breeding, and transgenic/biotechnological methods. Vegetables are known to be rich in micronutrients, vitamins, antioxidants, and other health-benefiting compounds, making them essential for a balanced diet. However, malnutrition and hidden hunger continue to be global challenges, particularly in developing countries. Micronutrient deficiencies, such as iron, zinc, iodine, and vitamin A, are prevalent in these populations. Conventional breeding focuses on selecting genotypes with desirable nutritional traits without compromising agricultural productivity. Transgenic/biotechnological approaches involve the synthesis of transgenes to enhance the bioavailability of micronutrients in plants. Bio-fortification of vegetables is particularly important as they are rich sources of micronutrients, vitamins, and other health-benefiting compounds. However, improving the nutritional quality of vegetables through conventional breeding has had limited success, and modern molecular tools and techniques offer potential for handling complex traits and developing nutrient-dense varieties. Bio-fortification offers a sustainable solution to address these deficiencies by increasing the nutrient content of crops, particularly plant-based foods. These techniques have shown promising results in increasing the concentration of nutrients, such as iron, in vegetables, thereby improving their nutritional quality.
      PubDate: 2024-05-08
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41082
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Exploring Risk Factors of Suicidal Behaviour among Medical Professionals
           in the UK: A Retrospective Analysis of Online News Portals

    • Authors: Maruthi Kalyan Challagundla, Divya Vinnakota, Qazi M. Rahman, Ancy Chandrababu Mercy Bai, Russell Kabir
      Pages: 78 - 86
      Abstract: Suicide is a significant global health burden. The demanding nature of the healthcare profession, combined with unique stressors and challengses, puts medical professionals at risk of mental health difficulties, including suicidal ideation and attempts. This study aims to investigate suicidal behaviour among medical professionals in the United Kingdom by reviewing online news portals and focusing on the risk factors associated with suicide. Seven online news portals from the UK were purposefully selected for the study, focusing on news reports of suicides among medical professionals. Only English online news portals were chosen, as English is the standard language in the country. Out of the 61 reports, 37.7% of the reported suicides were among males, and 62.3% were among females. The age distribution of the suicide reports revealed that the majority of the cases are within the 20-30 age range (42.6%). Mental health issues and fear of losing their job were also prominent reasons (24.6%). Suicide among healthcare professionals in the United Kingdom has drawn little attention. Suicide is more prevalent in early adulthood and among female professionals. Nurses, doctors, and junior doctors are more likely to commit suicide.
      PubDate: 2024-05-13
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41083
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Design and Implementation of a Standardised Clinical Decision Support
           Algorithm for Fever

    • Authors: P. O. Ana, A. E. Edim, U. J. Ekah, G. A. Inyang, F. P. Ana
      Pages: 87 - 98
      Abstract: This study aims to design a decision support tool to assist in providing quality treatment that is consistent with World Health Organization (WHO) and Nigerian National guidelines. The system is designed to allow clinicians to administer care within their competent level working from one algorithm. The system will help them to identify emergencies associated with fever symptoms and to recommend stabilisation actions before a referral is made. This new system allows structured assessment of patients who should receive optimal care and improved data transmission to the next caregiver. In this study, we used an explanatory approach, starting with the quantitative data collection phase which is the administration of questionnaires and Pre and Post questionnaires followed by qualitative data from focus group discussions over the clinician experience using the Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS). Focus group discussions were performed to authenticate the quantitative data to have a more holistic view of the CDSS. Using elements of the decision support system together with the clinician's decision showed that the clinicians felt that they worked more systematically and communicated more effectively with others. They felt more professional when using the decision support system. 73% of clinicians reported using CDSS in almost every consultation and 93% used the CDSS in the majority of their consultations during the three-month testing period. The mean total test score before the CDSS was 2.5 and this increased by the end of the test period to a mean score of 9.6, an improvement of 74.4%.  The results of this study showed that with the help of a decision support system, patients were properly identified and stabilised before they were referred, and the clinicians stayed on their competency level. It allowed caregivers to interact professionally without bias. However, the decision support system requires more extensive testing to enhance the evidence base relating to the vital parameters and the use of the decision support system.
      PubDate: 2024-05-14
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41084
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Bovine Renal Lipofuscinosis in a Tanzanian Crossbred Yearling Male Calf: A
           Case Report

    • Authors: Seleman Nasib Masola
      Pages: 99 - 105
      Abstract: Aim: To report a rare case of bovine renal lipofuscinosis (BRL) that was encountered incidentally at necropsy. Presentation of the Case: In June 2023 an yearling male calf was found dead in one of the dairy cattle farms in Mbeya city, Tanzania; after being sick for about a week. The owner requested a necropsy service to establish the cause of the death of the animal.  Necropsy revealed significant gross pathological changes in a liver that was cooked-like and shrunken, with flabby consistence and large pale necrotic foci. Furthermore, dark blue discoloration of both kidneys with normal morphology was evident. Based on the history and gross pathological findings, the animal was diagnosed to have died from acute hepatitis. Differential diagnosis for kidney discoloration included hemachromatosis, renal hemosiderosis, BRL, and melanotic renal cell carcinoma (MRCC). After ruling out hemachromatosis, renal hemosiderosis and MRCC in the list of possible causes of kidney discoloration based on the lack of gross pathological findings, particularly hepatic fibrosis, pallor, and a mass of tumor tissue in the kidneys that are characteristic of hemachromatosis, renal hemosiderosis and MRCC, respectively; the cause of kidney discoloration was diagnosed as BRL. Discussion: In this necropsy, the history and gross pathology suggested that the animal’s death could be attributed to acute liver failure, which is one of the sequelae of acute hepatitis. Kidney discoloration was not considered an attribute factor to the animal’s death because, with the exception of discoloration, the kidneys did not have gross pathological changes. Moreover, to date there has been no report of a clinical disease in cattle associated with BRL. However, BRL is an important disorder because it leads to condemnation of the affected kidneys as unfit for human consumption.   Conclusion: The case of BRL reported here was an incidental finding at necropsy, and is not associated with the death of the animal.
      PubDate: 2024-05-18
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41085
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Studies on Creation of Operational Range of Soil Fertility to Evolve
           Fertilizer Prescription Equations under Soil Test Crop Response
           Correlation Studies on Rainfed Bt Cotton

    • Authors: Sherene Jenita Rajammal; T, S. Maragatham, R. Santhi
      Pages: 106 - 109
      Abstract: To derive fertilizer prescription equations for rainfed Bt cotton within the framework of Soil Test Crop Response (STCR) studies, a meticulously designed gradient experiment was executed at the esteemed Cotton Research Station located in Perambalur district, Tamil Nadu, India. Employing a targeted yield methodology, the investigation centered on the cultivation of fodder sorghum as the exhaustive crop during the kharif season. Adhering to an inductive-cum-yield target approach, the experimental plot was meticulously partitioned into three equitably-sized strips, each delineating a distinct fertility gradient. These gradients were meticulously established through the application of varying fertilizer regimes: N0P0K0, N1P1K1, and N2P2K2. Notably, the recommended fertilizer regimen (N1P1K1) encompassed precise quantities of essential nutrients, specifically 60 kg ha-1 of nitrogen (N), 345 kg ha-1 of phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5), and 96 kg ha-1 of potassium oxide (K2O). Fodder sorghum emerged as the strategic choice for the exhaustive crop, strategically cultivated to expedite the transformation of applied fertilizers within the soil matrix, leveraging both plant and microbial processes. The overarching objective of this methodological approach was to establish a discernible operational range of soil fertility across the designated fertility strips. This was meticulously evaluated through meticulous analyses of variations in fodder yield uptake and pertinent soil test values.
      PubDate: 2024-05-21
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41086
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Constraints Faced and Suggestions Offered by Women Self Help Group Members
           in Cuddalore District, India

    • Authors: P. Vaishnavi , P. Ramesh
      Pages: 110 - 114
      Abstract: Women's empowerment is essential to ensuring equal access to opportunities and their rights are properly respected. This is accomplished by enhancing and expanding women's social, economic, political, and legal existence. The present study was conducted in Cuddalore Block of Cuddalore District. A proportionate random sampling procedure was applied to select 120 respondents. They were members of Mahalir's Women Self-Help Group.  Thittam project under, the organizational efforts taken by the Tamil Nadu Corporation for Development of Women (TNCDW) to define the constraints faced and suggestions offered by the members of SHGs. The study found that lack of awareness about credit sources, followed by a lack of adequate communication skills and more dependence on leaders are the major personal constraints faced by women SHG members. Also, insufficient credit facilities, followed by a lack of periodical training and a lack of marketing channels for selling their produce, are the major organisational constraints women SHG members face. Among the suggestions, the majority of the members offered to increase the loan amount, enhance the subsidy amount to the women members and create employment opportunities for women members.
      PubDate: 2024-05-23
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41087
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Utilization of Parthenium Leaf Extract for the Effective Management of
           Purple Nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus)

    • Authors: Megha V Rajeev, Iyarin Thanka Mahil E, Mohanapriya R, Vishnuvardhan Reddy K
      Pages: 115 - 124
      Abstract: Quick emergence of Cyperus create competition in the crop production which reduces the crop yield. Nowadays, the more importance is given to sustainable agriculture. Application of allelochemicals can control the Cyperus sustainably. With this notion, field experiment was conducted at The Indian Agriculture College, Radhapuram during summer 2023 to evaluate utilization of Parthenium leaf extract (PLE) for the effective management of Purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus). The experiment was laid out in completely randomized block design (CRD) having three replications and seven treatments viz., PLE @ 10%, 11%, 12%, 13%, PLE @ 10% + Glyphosate @ 1.5%, Glyphosate @ 1.5% alone and Control.  Application of PLE @ 11% on 3, 10 and 20 DAP, significantly reduces the Cyperus rotundus germination percentage, dry weight, Vigour Index, total Cyperus length, tuber weight, moisture content, chlorophyll content and also improved the Cyperus control efficiency due to the presence of allelochemicals.
      PubDate: 2024-05-28
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41088
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Exploitation of Grafting for Abiotic and Biotic Stress Management in
           Vegetable Crops: A Review

    • Authors: Nisha A. Nadoda , D. C. Barot , V. K. Baria , V. M. Chaudhari
      Pages: 125 - 131
      Abstract: Growing vegetables is often impacted by various abiotic and biotic stresses that can hinder growth and yield. Abiotic stresses, such as salinity, water stress, and temperature fluctuations, and biotic stresses, including diseases, pests, and nematodes, pose significant threats to agriculture. Grafting, a horticultural technique, offers a promising solution to overcome these challenges. In cases of salinity stress, grafting with salt-tolerant rootstocks can limit the transport of harmful ions to the shoot and help store them in the roots, mitigating ion toxicity. Water stress, including drought and water logging, can be addressed by grafting with drought-tolerant rootstocks, which can reduce yield losses and enhance photosynthesis under adverse water conditions. Grafting can also improve nutrient uptake, translocation of water, and osmoregulation, thereby assisting plants in surviving under water stress. High and low-temperature stresses, which can disrupt plant metabolism, membrane stability, and growth, can also be addressed through grafting. Grafted plants with temperature-tolerant rootstocks may indirectly enhance tolerance to extreme temperatures. Additionally, grafted plants can adapt to varying temperature conditions by promoting root growth, nutrient absorption, and the production of specific compounds that protect against temperature-related damage. Heavy metal stress, which can contaminate crops and impact human health, can be alleviated by using rootstocks that control the uptake and transport of heavy metals, reducing their toxicity to plants. Furthermore, grafting can effectively combat biotic stresses. By selecting disease-resistant rootstocks, plants can be protected against soil-borne diseases, pests, and nematodes, thereby increasing yields and sustainability in agriculture.
      PubDate: 2024-05-29
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41089
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Safe Hands, Safe Earth: Prioritizing Security and Sustainability in
           Medical Waste Management

    • Authors: Twinkle, Manju Mehta , Jatesh Kathpalia Jatesh
      Pages: 132 - 139
      Abstract: Proper management of biomedical waste reflects the ethical responsibility of healthcare providers and institutions to protect public health, the environment, and the well-being of their communities. Overall, the effective management of biomedical waste is crucial for safeguarding public health, protecting the environment, ensuring occupational safety, complying with regulations, and fulfilling social responsibilities. Healthcare workers who handle biomedical waste are at risk of needle stick injuries, exposure to infectious agents, and other hazards. Addressing the challenges requires a multi-faceted approach involving government initiatives, regulatory enforcement, public awareness campaigns, investment in infrastructure and technology, training programs for healthcare workers, and collaboration with stakeholders across sectors. By addressing these issues, India can improve its capacity for biomedical waste management.
      PubDate: 2024-06-13
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41090
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Sustainable Tea Initiatives with the Adoption of Inhana Rational Farming
           Technology to Address the Principles of Regenerative Farming for Crop
           Sustainability and Reduction of Pesticide Usage

    • Authors: Bera R., Datta A, Bose S., Barik A.K., Asthana A., Seal A
      Pages: 140 - 166
      Abstract: The tea sector faces daunting economic challenges stemming from reduced yields due to climate impacts, increased pest and pesticide use, inferior quality and low tea prices, rising production costs and shifts in worker availability. Adoption of sustainable cultivation practices addressing the principles of regenerative farming can build resilience in tea production and also lessen the negative impact on the environment. A sustainable initiative was taken by Goodricke Group Limited in collaboration with Inhana Organic Research Foundation (IORF) towards restoration of soil quality, crop sustainability and reduction of pesticide usage. To meet the set targets Inhana Rational Farming (IRF) was the adopted as the crop technology, which focused on soil and plant health management. The study encompassed two time periods, i.e., the pre-COVID era (2013–2019) and post-COVID era (2020–2022), during which crop performance, pesticide usage and soil quality development were documented. The findings clearly showed the impact of sustainable initiative in terms of better crop performance, lowering of pesticide use and improvement of soil health (where ever soil management was continued). This study clearly indicated that an investment in the sustainability account not only ensures crop sustenance and improvement in the long run and enable a reduction in the requirement for agrochemicals, of higher importance is the regeneration of soil health and improvement of resilience towards climate impact, which is critical for both present and future sustenance of the plantation as well as better economic security.
      PubDate: 2024-06-13
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41091
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Exploring the Importance of Collaborative Approaches to Community-based
           Counselling Interventions in Local Communities

    • Authors: Frank Lamadoku Attila , Bernice Serwaa Ofosuhene Peasah, Stephen Ofori , Dominic Nti Buabeng , Mathew Amoako , Samrat Ray , Grace Yeboah
      Pages: 167 - 175
      Abstract: Collaborative counselling and community-based interventions are recognised as important strategies for addressing various challenges faced by local communities. Aim: This study explores attitudes and perceptions towards collaborative counselling and community-based counselling interventions. Methods: Using a qualitative design and semi-structured interview guide, data were collected through interviews with five interviewees (including two Native Doctors). Data Analysis: The Braun and Clarke's Reflexive Thematic Analysis was employed to analyse the data. Findings: Collaborative approaches, involving community members and organisations in intervention development and implementation, were perceived as effective and sustainable. Cultural sensitivity and ongoing professional development were highlighted as crucial for the successful implementation of community-based counselling interventions. Recommendations: Guidance and counselling practitioners should recognise the value of community-based interventions, develop collaborative skills, incorporate cultural sensitivity, advocate for these interventions, and engage in continuous professional development. Contribution to Knowledge: This study contributes to the growing body of knowledge on the effectiveness and sustainability of community interventions in guidance services, underscoring the importance of collaborative approaches.
      PubDate: 2024-06-18
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41092
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Assessment of Noise Levels in Domestic Kitchen of Urban Areas of Jorhat
           City

    • Authors: Kimbai A. Sangma, Kalita Mira
      Pages: 176 - 182
      Abstract: Environmental parameter mainly noise has a profound effect on human performance, efficiency and efficacy. Noise is an invisible indoor environmental factor that affects the quality of life and productivity of the workers in cooking activity. The present study on assessment of noise level in domestic kitchen of urban areas of Jorhat city was proposed to assess noise level in the kitchen during cooking and to study the relationship between dependent and independent variables. A purposive cum random sampling method was adopted for the study. From Jorhat city 56 numbers of households were selected randomly and women who take part in cooking is unit of enquiry for the purpose of the study. Both interview and observation methods were used for the collection of data on noise level. Noise level-meter is an instrument used for measurement of noise level. Chi square test was done to identify the relationship between variables. The findings showed that the average noise level was found to be 64.70 dB which is more than the permissible or acceptable level of noise (55 dB). The study revealed that there is a significant relationship between noise with brand name of the kitchen chimney (‘p’=0.041*). Majority of the respondents were not aware about congenial kitchen environment and noise created by chimney in the study area. Conducive kitchen environment is very important to improve work performance and reduction of health hazards.
      PubDate: 2024-06-22
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41093
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Alcoholism, Family Violence and Related Consequences: A Case Study of
           Alcohol Affected Families of Punjab

    • Authors: Honey Kumar
      Pages: 183 - 193
      Abstract: Aims: The main objective of the study was to understand the issues of alcoholism and violence in the family. It discusses how alcoholism leads to family violence and further, derails the life of family members and put an institution of family into a crisis. Study Design: The study was based on fieldwork conducted in different parts of Punjab. Exploratory research design was prepared to understand the issue. Methodology: Sample of 100 families were selected for study and further, four members in each family namely, the alcoholic, spouse, one of the parents and one of the children were selected for the interview, so that an overall picture of family violence can be obtained. A total number of 303 respondents (100 alcoholics, 73 spouse, 68 children, and 62 parents) are interviewed. Semi-structured interview schedule used for data collection purpose. With the help of snowball technique, sampled families and their members are located and interviewed. Results: The study found 87% of the families faced the incident of violence due to the critical addiction of alcoholic members. Among these families, 80.82% spouses, 79.03% parents and 64.70% children were the victim of violence. Physical abuse was found very common among spouses (69.86%), verbal abuse among parents (91.78%) and mental abuse among children (63.01%). Majority (57.47%) families, who faced violence, belongs to low income category and less education category (86.18%).  Conclusion: The study concludes, critical addiction of alcohol leaves the highest probability for occurrence of violence in the family. Further, it increases the probability of more critical consumption of alcohol among alcoholics and then more violence. Gradually, all of this turn into a vicious circle of critical drinking and family violence. Moreover, this creates many troubles for all members of the family and pushes the institution of family towards crisis.
      PubDate: 2024-06-26
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41094
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Causes and Hazards of Perimeter Rock Cavities behind Shield Tunnels

    • Authors: Jingzhong Zhang
      Pages: 194 - 199
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the reasons for the generation of voids in the surrounding rock behind water transmission shield tunnels and the potential hazards they bring. Firstly, it analyzes in detail the possible causes of cavities from the aspects of geological conditions, construction technology, material properties, etc. On the basis of literature research, the causes and distribution patterns of the perimeter rock cavities behind the water transfer shield tunnels were explored with respect to the locations and sizes of the cavities behind the tube sheets. Secondly, it systematically elaborates the hazards of cavities on tunnels from the aspects of structural stability, use function, operation safety, etc. Finally, it proposes corresponding preventive measures and countermeasures for the problem of cavities. This paper aims to provide valuable reference for the design, construction and operation management of shield tunnels, which is of great theoretical significance and practical value for the safe construction and long-term operation of shield tunnels.
      PubDate: 2024-06-26
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41095
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Cross-cultural Communication Barriers in Zambian Healthcare: Implications
           for Patient Care

    • Authors: Chishiba Gerald, Lunda Victor
      Pages: 200 - 206
      Abstract: Some members of the Zambian society have frequently raised concerns over errors and delays observed during the treatment of patients in clinics and hospitals. They have argued that these challenges could have been caused by inadequate communication between the medical staff and their patients. This article looks specifically at the cross-cultural communication barriers that are found in healthcare and their implications on patient care.  In this study, we focus on a number of cross-cultural challenges that have frequently hindered effective communication between health care providers and their patients in two public medical facilities in our Country. The study specifically concentrated on two public health institutions, namely: Katondo clinic and Kabwe General Hospital. A qualitative research design was deemed most appropriate, because it allowed for a deep exploration of the subjective experiences and perspectives of both healthcare workers and patients. Semi-structured interview questions were used to gather in-depth insights from participants. In addition, observations of interactions between healthcare providers and their patients at Katondo Clinic and the General hospital were also conducted as part of the study. We thereafter analysed data collected. The findings of this research work revealed that the main cross-cultural barriers to communication are language, ethnocentrism, conflicting value and psychological issues, just to mention a few. The results further revealed a number of serious linguistic and cultural challenges hindering communication between the medical staff and their patients, such as language differences, limited or absence of professional interpreting services, as well as inadequate cultural and linguistic competence among the medical experts. These challenges have, in many instances, resulted in inappropriate health service delivery. Many a scholar have argued that language plays an important role in human organisations such as the Ministry of Health. This study concluded, inter alia, that a deliberate language policy framework should be developed, in order to address the communication challenges between the health care providers and their patients in Zambia. It should be hoped that once the language policy has been put in place, it will significantly reduce the communication challenges between the two parties. Furthermore, Health facilities should consider training or employing qualified interpreters.
      PubDate: 2024-06-27
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41097
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Mental Health and Quality Sleep among Brazilian Medical Students during
           Covid-19 Pandemic: Prevalence and Associated Factors

    • Authors: Gabriel S. Mendonça, Gabriel R. Medeiros, Gilsiane S. Sampaio, Eduarda R. Rabello, Daniela R. Freitas, Gabriella M. L. Oliveira, Paulo M. A. Lima
      Pages: 207 - 218
      Abstract: Aims: Due the pandemic of the new coronavirus (COVID-19), stricter measures to limit unessential interactions were adopted, including the suspension of classroom lessons and the implementation of the distance learning regime. As these restrictions change lifestyles, this study aimed to assess the impacts of social distancing on mental health and sleep quality in medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Medical school in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. Data collection took place from June 1 to July 1, 2020. Methodology: This study used self-administered questionnaires answered by students from a Public University in Brazil. The collection instrument consisted of four parts: socioeconomic variables, self-perception of health, Self-Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Absolute and relative frequencies described the sample, Chi-square test and Student’s t-test tested associations between the variables, Pearson’s correlation tested the relationship between PSQI and SRQ-20. Results: Of the 210 participants, 138 students (65.7%) had scores suggestive of mental distress by the SRQ-20; women had a higher risk when compared to men (women 67.7% vs. men 49%, p < .01). 186 students (88.6%) had poor sleep quality according to the PSQI; women also had higher sleep disturbance (women 1.26 ± 0.06 vs. men 1.35 ± 0.04, p < .05). Mental distress measures were positively correlated with sleep quality (r = 0.611, p < .001). Conclusion: The strict preventive measures, and the radical changes in the lifestyle of medical students had a negative impact on the quality of their sleep and mental state. The students showed high levels of mental distress and poor sleep quality, and women appear to be an important risk factor. Implementation of interventions for well-being in pandemic condition by universities, and special focus to the most affected groups (such as women), should be stimulated.
      PubDate: 2024-06-28
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41098
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Lining Structure of Water Conveyance Tunnel under Earthquake Action
           Research on Damage Law

    • Authors: Zhenxuan Gao
      Pages: 219 - 231
      Abstract: Based on the concrete damage plasticity constitutive model (CDP model) of ABAQUS software, the dynamic response of high pressure internal water conveyance tunnel during earthquake is simulated, and the dynamic response and dynamic damage law of high internal water pressure water conveyance tunnel structure under surrounding rock grade, buried depth and seismic wave intensity are analyzed. The research shows that the surrounding rock grade is closely related to the dynamic response and damage characteristics of the lining structure of the water conveyance tunnel. The dynamic damage of the tunnel under grade Ⅲ surrounding rock is only 0.08, which is far less than 0.83 under grade Ⅳ surrounding rock. It can be considered that it will not cause great damage to grade Ⅲ surrounding rock under earthquake. The surrounding rock grade is better, which can provide more stable support and reduce the stress and vibration of the structure. If the tunnel is in the seismic zone, the buried depth can be used as one of the design control indexes in the tunnel design. The lining damage is mainly distributed at the top and upper arch waist of the tunnel. With the increase of the buried depth of the tunnel, the dynamic damage amount increases from 0.021 to 0.081, then to 0.085. the damage of the lining structure also increases. This may be because the deep buried tunnel is more constrained by the underground rock and soil layer, thereby reducing the transmission of seismic load. The change of seismic wave intensity can directly affect the damage characteristics of tunnel lining structure. The dynamic damage mainly occurs at the vault and arch waist, and the damage area expands from the vault and arch waist to the side wall and corner. The increase of seismic wave intensity will lead to dramatic changes in the stress of the structure, which will lead to more complex and serious damage.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41099
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • A Review on Seismic Response Analysis Methods for Underground Structures

    • Authors: Panpan Zhao
      Pages: 232 - 241
      Abstract: Seismic safety of underground structures is of paramount importance. This paper reviews the current research status of seismic response analysis methods for underground structures, focuses on the basic principles, advantages and disadvantages, and applicability of the proposed static method and dynamic time course analysis method. It also analyses their applications in engineering. It is shown that the seismic coefficient method, although simple, may have relatively large calculation errors due to oversimplification. The free-field deformation method is simple in form and easy to implement, but ignores soil-structure interaction. The flexibility coefficient method is simple in form and considers soil-structure interaction, but ignores many factors. The reaction displacement method directly reflects the soil-structure interaction, but the foundation spring parameters are difficult to value. The reaction acceleration method has the same advantages as the reaction displacement method, but there is a certain error. The dynamic time-course analysis method is accurate but computationally intensive.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41100
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Measure Constraints Faced by Farm Women Using ICT Tools by Garett Ranking
           Method

    • Authors: Shivani Jha, S. K. Kashyap
      Pages: 242 - 247
      Abstract: Traditionally the extension services have focused on male farmers. In the last few decades the concern regarding farm women have been raised globally. There is immediate need to equip these farm women with relevant knowledge and skill. It is only possible if appropriate and relevant Information communication technology (ICT) tools are made available to farm women to get information related to agriculture. The present study was conducted in the Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttarakhand state to identify the constraints faced by farm women while using ICT tools. Garrett ranking was used. For this study, respondents were selected by using a Probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling method. To derive the inferences of the study, two blocks were selected for the present study. The study covered four villages & it covered 120 farm women in the selected villages. Data for the study was collected during 2019-20. Primary data was collected from farm women through personal interview method with the help of a pretested schedule. The main personal constraints noticed were lack of preference in using Information communication technology (ICT), lack of training, lack of confidence, lack of motivation and lack of time to utilize Information communication technology (ICT). The main technological constraints were language problem to use Information communication technology (ICT), complex nature of Information communication technology (ICT) restricted availability and restricted accessibility to Information communication technology (ICT) tools. The main cultural constraints were lack of faith in Information communication technology (ICT) tools, traditional belief in the existing system, discouragement from the family and society. The main infrastructural barriers were poor electricity services and poor network connectivity.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
      DOI: 10.9734/air/2024/v25i41101
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 4 (2024)
       
 
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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 265 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adıyaman University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Research     Open Access  
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afrique Science : Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alfarama Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
BJHS Themes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin of the National Research Centre     Open Access  
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciencia Amazónica (Iquitos)     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia Ergo Sum     Open Access  
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Comunicata Scientiae     Open Access  
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access  
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Einstein (São Paulo)     Open Access  
Ekaia : EHUko Zientzia eta Teknologia aldizkaria     Open Access  
Emergent Scientist     Open Access  
Enhancing Learning in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access  
Fontanus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
Futures & Foresight Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access  
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
HardwareX     Open Access  
Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hoosier Science Teacher     Open Access  
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Instruments     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
International Annals of Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Science and Technology Journal of Namibia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal     Open Access  
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Investigación Joven     Open Access  
Investigacion y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
iScience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Issues in Science & Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Ithaca : Viaggio nella Scienza     Open Access  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Advanced Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Big History     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Diversity Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of King Saud University - Science     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science)     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Taibah University for Science     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 167)
Journal of the Indian Institute of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science     Open Access  
Journal of Unsolved Questions     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Dasar     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknosains     Open Access  
Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access  
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Logo STI Science, Technology and Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Malawi Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Maskana     Open Access  
MethodsX     Open Access  
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
National Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Naturen     Full-text available via subscription  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Studies in Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nova     Open Access  
Open Conference Proceedings Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
People and Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Población y Desarrollo - Argonautas y caminantes     Open Access  
Politique et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, The     Full-text available via subscription  
QScience Connect     Open Access  
Quantum Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  
Reports in Advances of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Research Policy : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Respuestas     Open Access  
Revista Bases de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Revista Cientifica Guillermo de Ockham     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Revista UniVap     Open Access  
SAINSTIS     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Sci     Open Access  
Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5073)
Science & Diplomacy     Free   (Followers: 3)
Science Advances     Free   (Followers: 44)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Science World Journal     Open Access  
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ScienceRise     Open Access  
Sciences du jeu     Open Access  

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