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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 201 - 265 of 265 Journals sorted by number of followers
Revista Científica de la Universidad Nacional del Este     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the Indian Institute of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Research Policy : X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
MUST : Journal of Mathematics Education, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
People and Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Science & Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Big History     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Science and Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Research in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientonomy : Journal for the Science of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Science Frontier Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uluslararası Bilimsel Araştırmalar Dergisi (IBAD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AAS Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Impact     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Innovative Research and Scientific Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Saber Digital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Futures & Foresight Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Vivências em Ensino de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
iScience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
BJHS Themes     Open Access  
South American Sciences     Open Access  
Middle European Scientific Bulletin     Open Access  
Journal of Alasmarya University     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal  
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal  
RAC: Revista Angolana de Ciências     Open Access  
The Innovation     Open Access  
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Revista de la Sociedad Científica del Paraguay     Open Access  
Rekayasa     Open Access  
Rihan Journal for Scientific Publishing     Open Access  
Türk Bilim ve Mühendislik Dergisi     Open Access  
ArtefaCToS : Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnología     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Sciences and Sustainable Development     Open Access  
Vilnius University Proceedings     Open Access  
Sciential     Open Access  
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access  
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access  
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for Pure Science     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Academic Research in Business, Arts & Science     Open Access  
Universidad, Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access  
Acta Nova     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Terapan Universitas Jambi : JIITUJ     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Ludus Scientiae     Open Access  
Emergent Scientist     Open Access  
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports     Open Access  
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
Advances in Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Science     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Revista Binacional Brasil - Argentina: Diálogo entre as ciências     Open Access  
Revista Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Science (JSc)     Open Access  
WikiJournal of Science     Open Access  
Acta Materialia Transilvanica     Open Access  
Integrated Research Advances     Open Access  
PENDIPA : Journal of Science Education     Open Access  
Open Conference Proceedings Journal     Open Access  
Naturen     Full-text available via subscription  
Ekaia : EHUko Zientzia eta Teknologia aldizkaria     Open Access  
Sci     Open Access  
Maskana     Open Access  
Hoosier Science Teacher     Open Access  
Reports in Advances of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
Facets     Open Access  
Adıyaman University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Iniciação Científica     Open Access  
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Scientific African     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Engineering and Science     Open Access  
Fırat University Turkish Journal of Science & Technology     Open Access  
Gazi University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Computational and Experimental Science and Engineering (IJCESEN)     Open Access  
International Journal of Engineering, Technology and Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the National Research Centre     Open Access  
Uni-pluriversidad     Open Access  
ConCiencia     Open Access  
Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista Bases de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Elkawnie : Journal of Islamic Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
International Annals of Science     Open Access  
Science Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Avrasya Terim Dergisi     Open Access  
International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal     Open Access  
TÜBAV Bilim Dergisi     Open Access  
LOGIKA Jurnal Ilmiah Lemlit Unswagati Cirebon     Open Access  
Dalat University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Investigación Joven     Open Access  
Respuestas     Open Access  
Science Diliman     Open Access  
Instruments     Open Access  
Revista Científica y Tecnológica UPSE     Open Access  
HardwareX     Open Access  
Sultan Qaboos University Journal for Science     Open Access  
Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology     Open Access  
Sainstek : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Revista de Información Científica     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal Natural     Open Access  
Frontiers for Young Minds     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Nova     Open Access  
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Makara Journal of Science     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Dasar     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Jurnal Matematika, Sains, Dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online     Open Access  
ARO. The Scientific Journal of Koya University     Open Access  
International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT     Open Access  
Estação Científica (UNIFAP)     Open Access  
The Winnower     Open Access  

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  • Student Motivation and Independent Learning in Social Studies, English,
           and Math: The Impact of the Classroom Environment

    • Authors: Ketut Susiani, I Ketut Dharsana, I Kadek Suartama, Kadek Suranata, I Nyoman Yasa
      Pages: 258 - 268
      Abstract: Recent studies on self-learning have emphasized the importance of the cognitive and motivational elements of the classroom environment. Most of these studies have explored these elements by considering the potential for contextual variation. The current study examined inequalities in students' average assignment scores in social studies, math, and English education, as well as several non-cognitive variables, namely self-efficacy, exam anxiety, the use of cognitive strategies, the use of regulatory strategies, and academic success in the class. Employing an in-subject correlational design, students of mathematics, social sciences, and English were divided by gender. Multivariate regression was used to evaluate the relationships among performance, strategy utilization, and motivation indicators. The participants in the study were 545 students in the seventh and eighth grades of a secondary school (51 percent girls) who were asked to complete a self-report questionnaire. The results of the study showed that factors involving motivation and cognitive strategies varied by gender and subject, but not the use of regulatory approaches or academic achievement. However, according to the data, the relationships between these constructs appear to be relatively similar across the three subject areas studied. The importance of the findings to understanding the context-specificity of students' self-learning is highlighted.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.681
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • An Empirical Study of the Impact of Lockdown Measures on the Presumptive
           Taxation of Zimbabwe: A Case Study of ZIMRA

    • Authors: Tafadzwa Musumbani, Sitsha Lovemore, Wadesango Newman
      Pages: 269 - 280
      Abstract: Following the health-care crisis caused by COVID-19, the Zimbabwean government, like many others across the world, imposed a lockdown. This had varying degrees of impact on various tax systems. This research paper examined the effects of lockdown measures on Zimbabwe's presumptive taxation. The study adopted a quantitative research approach, and semi-structured questionnaires were used to obtain detailed data. The results showed that COVID-19-induced lockdown restrictions impacted Zimbabwe Revenue Authority's (ZIMRA’s) presumptive tax collection and the livelihood of informal merchants. Many factors exacerbated the situation, one of which was the short notice in declaring lockdown enforcement. The informal traders indicated that the COVID-19 lockdown measures had a negative impact on their revenue generation and demand for their goods and services. The COVID-19-induced lockdown measures resulted in a drastic fall in presumptive tax collections in 2020. The study recommends that the Zimbabwean government assist small company owners, empower them and enable them to restart their operations. Furthermore, there is an urgent need to educate informal merchants about health hazards such as COVID-19, and support from the formal sector and international donors should ensure that informal traders such as vegetable vendors, cobblers, and transport operators have protective equipment as recommended by medical experts so that they can safely continue to be in business for them to be able to pay their presumptive taxes in time without fail.
      PubDate: 2022-10-04
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.687
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Static Analysis and Machine Learning-based Malware Detection System using
           PE Header Feature Values

    • Authors: Chang Keun Yuk, Chang Jin Seo
      Pages: 281 - 288
      Abstract: Advances in information and communications technology (ICT) are improving daily convenience and productivity, but new malware threats continue to surge. This paper proposes a malware detection system using various machine learning algorithms and portable executable (PE) Header file static analysis method for malware code, which has recently changed in various forms. Methods/Statistical analysis: This paper proposes a malware detection method that quickly and accurately detects new malware using static file analysis and stacking methods. Furthermore, using information from PE headers extracted through static analysis can detect malware without executing real malware. The features of the pe_packer used in the proposed research method were most efficient in experiments because the extracted data were processed in various ways and applied to machine learning models. So, we chose pe_packer information as the shape data to be used for the stacking model. Detection models are implemented based on additive techniques rather than single models to detect with high accuracy. Findings: The proposed detection system can quickly and accurately classify malware or ordinary files. Moreover, experiments showed that the proposed method has a 95.2% malware detection rate and outperforms existing single model-based detection systems. Improvements/Applications: The proposed research method applies to detecting large new strains of malware.
      PubDate: 2022-10-05
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.690
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Semantic Search System for Common Cultural Traditions of the Greater
           Mekong Subregion

    • Authors: Suwannee Hoaihongthong, Kanyarat Kwiecien
      Pages: 289 - 296
      Abstract: This article presents the development of a semantic search system for the common cultural traditions of the Greater Mekong Subregion, which has been studied using common cultural tradition data from Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia. Our system presents the implementation of semantic search to solve the problem of semantic gaps in common cultural characteristic concepts for information access and retrieval. The field of cultural heritage management represents a growing area of research that contains valuable information for users, researchers, and domain experts. Finding information on traditions or cultures of interest among unstructured materials requires a laborious search process. In this paper, we demonstrate how to extract semantic entities and relationships represented in the information using the theory of information science, specifically the Knowledge Organization (KO) approach, which involves determining the concepts and semantic relations of a particular issue and establishing their relations with relevant concepts. It serves as a foundation for knowledge structure development and ontology development, which contribute to effective information searching and knowledge access. The system was developed based on systematic ontology using the Hozo Ontology Editor and Database and ontology mapping using the Ontology Application Management (OAM) framework, which helps distinguish between relevant and irrelevant data, thereby leading to search effectiveness. To cut down on the time wasted in browsing and searching, reduce associated user frustration, and support the research of domain experts, more selective user access is needed.
      PubDate: 2022-10-10
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.709
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Impact of Autonomous Drone Pollination in Date Palms

    • Authors: Rehna V.J, Mohammad Nizamuddin Inamdar
      Pages: 297 - 305
      Abstract: Artificial pollination of date palms has been practiced over thousands of years to improve the fruiting traits in date palms. Due to the changes in agricultural practices in the modern period, mechanical pollination techniques were tried in some parts of the world. But machine pollination of date palms has not gained popularity worldwide owing to economic, environmental, or technical challenges. Of late, agricultural drones were introduced to pollinate date palms in significantly less time and reduce the risk of injury, manpower, and cost. Modern drones can have integrated, built-in smart data-collecting devices to provide the farmers with all relevant information. Although this autonomous method provides a number of benefits in terms of labor and cost, pollination time, ease of use, etc, studies have not yet entirely evaluated the efficacy of drone pollination on date palms. This paper summarizes the outcomes of an autonomous drone pollination study performed during the 2022 season in the orchards of Oman. The pros and cons of this artificial aerial pollination method are examined in the paper. The impact of this method of pollination on crop yield, fruit quality, and fruit set percentage are analyzed. This study also explores the limitations of the autonomous drone pollination system and throws light on ways to improve its efficiency.
      PubDate: 2022-10-12
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.732
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Banking Risk in Selected MENA Countries

    • Authors: Lamya M A Gadou
      Pages: 306 - 331
      Abstract: This study examines the influence of bank-specific variables on the individual risk of 58 banks in ten MENA countries over the period 2011-2019. Firstly, investigating the correlations among the banks’ stock returns depicts that the banks with the highest correlations are in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Qatar, either domestically or across countries. Then, the individual bank risk ranking for the entire sample based on estimated historical Value-at-Risk (VaR) and Estimated Shortfall (ES) shows that the corresponding positions of banks according to their riskiness differ slightly. Noticeably, the National Bank of Fujairah in the United Arab Emirates has the highest idiosyncratic risk level in terms of both risk measures. We lastly conducted fixed and random effects panel regression models to examine the impact of bank-specific balance sheet data and macroeconomic variables on bank risk levels captured by VaR and ES. The whole sample comprises publicly listed banks in 10 countries, which were further divided into 2 sub-samples for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region and Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs). The outcomes of the aggregate sample suggest that lower leverage, profitability, and economic growth may exacerbate idiosyncratic risk. Results also demonstrate that strengthening stability and regulatory capital positions would lower banking risk. Considering the GCC sub-sample for VaR and ES models, we found that both risk measures typically increase with greater liquidity.
      PubDate: 2022-10-13
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.743
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Effectiveness of Science Learning Model Containing Balinese Local Wisdom
           in Improving Character and Science Literacy of Junior High School Students
           

    • Authors: Ni Putu Ayu Hervina Sanjayanti, I Wayan Suastra, Ketut Suma, Putu Budi Adnyana
      Pages: 332 - 342
      Abstract: The current situation is the low character of students, so brawls and violence often occur in various layers of society. The present study is aimed at analyzing the effectiveness of the science learning model in improving the character and scientific literacy of junior high school students. The research is a quasi-experimental design in the form of a posttest-only control design. The study sample was 158 people. A questionnaire and test were used for the character and scientific literacy variable data collection. Descriptive analysis and inferential analysis were used to analyze the post-test data. The descriptive analysis involved the mean, standard deviation, and variance. Inferential statistical analysis was done with the MANOVA test. The analysis results showed that the F value for Pillae Trace, Wilk Lambda, Hotelling Trace, and Roy's Largest Root had significantly less than 0.001, which means all are significant. Therefore, the study indicates that the science learning model containing Balinese local wisdom is effective on character and scientific literacy. Thus, this learning is recommended as a solution that can be used as an innovative learning model.
      PubDate: 2022-10-14
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.750
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The Short-Run and Long-Run Effects of Central Bank Rate on Exchange Rate
           Volatility in Indonesia

    • Authors: Indra Suhendra, Cep Jandi Anwar, Navik Istikomah, Eka Purwanda, Lilis Nur Kholishoh
      Pages: 343 - 353
      Abstract: This research measures the short and long-run effects of central bank policy rate on the volatility of the exchange rate in Indonesia using the quarterly data from Q1 1992 to Q4 2019. The process involves applying an Autoregressive Distribution Lag estimation to investigate the effects of the variables. The exchange rate volatilities include Indonesia Rupiah to US Dollar (IDR-USD), Indonesia Rupiah to Singapore Dollar (IDR-SGD), Indonesia Rupiah to Australia Dollar (IDR-AUD), Indonesia Rupiah to British Pound Sterling (IDR-GBP), and Indonesia Rupiah to Euro (IDR-EURO). Several results were obtained and the first to show the adjustment time for exchange rate volatility to achieve long-run equilibrium was 1.77 quarters to 2.26 quarters using the ARDL estimation. Secondly, a decrease in the central bank rate was found to significantly reduce the exchange rate volatility in the short run and long run. These results are robust since Full Modified Ordinary Least Square (FMOLS) estimation was applied for all five models. Furthermore, it was found that in the long run, the central bank policy rate had a significant positive effect on the volatility of the Indonesia Rupiah against five foreign exchange rates. Therefore, it was suggested that the policymakers need to keep the interest rate of the central bank low and stable to ensure the Rupiah exchange rate stability.
      PubDate: 2022-10-28
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.851
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Conceptual Framework of Factors Affecting Online Teaching

    • Authors: Husna Sarirah Husin, Shahrinaz Ismail, Siti Haryani Shaikh Ali, Ummul Fahri Abdul Rauf
      Pages: 354 - 362
      Abstract: This study will add to the body of knowledge by creating a conceptual framework around fundamental concepts related to examining the factors that influence the efficiency of online teaching. The framework is based on an assessment of the online teaching literature found using Emerald, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Explore, ProQuest, and Google Scholar searches. A conceptual matrix is used to combine the findings into a framework of online instruction and effectiveness. A questionnaire was utilized and 81 respondents participated in the survey. We found that Google Meet is the most used platform for online teaching. In terms of stress level, teachers between the ages of 36 and 50 are the most stressed. As per time spent on online teaching, most teachers spent 3-5 hours a day and we also found that the more hours spent on online teaching, the more benefit the teachers and students will get. The study's findings can help the school and Malaysia's Ministry of Education understand the factors that affect how well teachers can conduct online teaching.
      PubDate: 2022-10-31
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.874
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Employee Work Performance in State-Owned Enterprises in Indonesia: A
           Reflection

    • Authors: Endah Utami, Sigit Handoyo, RR Yoekhisna Agistaputri Setiyo Negoro, Wirawan Hardinto
      Pages: 363 - 377
      Abstract: The quality of performance of State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) in Indonesia is currently in the spotlight because it is considered unsatisfactory. One of the causes of the low performance of this organization is the level of quality of performance of the organization's employees which is also unsatisfactory. In this study, factors that can affect the quality of performance of SOEs employees in Indonesia are analyzed. These factors include leadership style, work discipline, work motivation and work environment. Data were collected by distributing questionnaires to a number of field employees and validity and reliability tests were carried out on the data. Hypothesis testing is done by using Multiple Linear Regression test. The results of this study prove that only achievement-oriented leadership style and work motivation can boost the quality of performance of SOEs employees; work discipline and work environment do not have any impact on improving the quality of their performance. This proves that a leader who can provide motivation and read reward needs for employees is very much needed in SOEs. However, issues of discipline and work environment should also get more attention. The implication of this research is that SOEs must assess employee performance in terms of the quality of work and not only in terms of the achievement of the set target without paying attention to the quality of the achievement itself.
      PubDate: 2022-10-31
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.875
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Wind Turbines Control Trends and Challenges: An Overview

    • Authors: Mohamed G Moh Almihat, Mohamed Tariq Kahn
      Pages: 378 - 390
      Abstract: Wind turbines (WTs) create electricity by utilizing the energy of the wind. As a result, wind turbine control and cost-effective operation were studied. The control system offers a long service life, maximum energy output, and safety. On control methods and control strategies, various ways for limiting and optimizing energy consumption were discussed. Integration of wind power may compromise the stability of the transient system. Asynchronous induction generators cannot handle the quantity of reactive power generated in wind energy applications. WTs are usually constructed to withstand inclement weather but not for high speeds or torque. Strong aerodynamic torques or rotational speeds are capable of destroying WT blades. To prevent this, WTs always have a cutout speed over which the turbine will be stopped by its brakes. When excessive wind speeds endanger the safety of the turbines, the WT employs a range of control techniques. As a result, all WTs are constructed using a power control method. This can regulate pitch and stall. Passive or active stall control can be applied to the WT. Therefore, this study analyzed the associated technologies, the maintenance of wind turbines, the cost, the many types of wind turbine controllers, and the negative effects and roadblocks unique to the wind energy industry.
      PubDate: 2022-11-04
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.910
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Evidence of Input Sharing and Labour Pooling in an Automobile Cluster of
           Central India

    • Authors: Pratyoosh Madhavi, Binayak Choudhury, Amit Chatterjee
      Pages: 391 - 399
      Abstract: Literature on agglomeration economies firmly establishes the trinity of Input sharing, Labour pooling, and Knowledge spillover, originally conceived by Alfred Marshal, as the foundation of any industrial agglomeration or cluster. Acknowledging the rationale of the trinity, this paper documents the pieces of evidence of Input sharing and Labour pooling in a planned automobile cluster of Pithampur, a backward region of the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. The development of the automobile cluster has transformed Pithampur from a bunch of villages to an automobile hub of central India. Knowledge spillover has been kept out of this study due to the paucity of data. These pieces of evidence are collected through primary and secondary data. It is found from the pieces of evidence of input sharing that both union and state government have played a significant role in developing industry-related infrastructures in Pithampur. The availability of supporting infrastructure, services and various fiscal incentives has helped the firms enjoy economies of scale and attracts potential investors to establish their firms in Pithampur. The evidences of labour pooling capture the dramatic changes in the demography of Pithampur in terms of population growth, sex ratio, occupational shift, migration, etc.
      PubDate: 2022-11-14
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.958
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The Environment as a Medium of Original Ideas for Young Researchers in
           Self-Determined Learning

    • Authors: Diah Ambarumi Munawaroh, Ali Imrona, Muhammad Noor Ahsin, Moh Fauziddin, Noor Miyono, Nanda Saputra, Ridayani
      Pages: 400 - 408
      Abstract: This article aims to explain young researchers' learning activities at age of 13 to15 years old in formulating original ideas as well as self-determined collaboration and exploration associated with environmental learning activities. This study employs qualitative descriptive research approaches to examine the research learning activities of young researchers in finding self-determined original ideas. This study was carried out in Madrasah Tsanawiyah Negeri (MTsN) Kota Batu, East Java Province, Indonesia. The participants of this study consisted of 22 madrasah students (aged 13-15) who are divided randomly into 12 groups and two research teachers were also involved. The data collection techniques used are observations, interviews, and other documentations. The results of this study indicate that: (1) Students accompanied by teachers are able to think critically about environmental problems in formulating original ideas through teacher's stimulation and habituation to carry out observations both at school and in residence environments that can improve the sensitivity of students in responding to surrounding environmental problems. (2) Students can deliver research ideas to teachers and friends, collaborate, and participate in groups in analyzing, interpreting, designing, implementing as well as reporting activities involved in research projects from the student's point of view. (3) The teacher's habit of stimulating students to obtain original ideas from their surroundings can indirectly lead to an enjoyable research culture for students. The project report is presented as part of this article.
      PubDate: 2022-11-15
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.960
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The Relationship between the Socio-Economic Status and Students’
           Speaking Anxiety: A Study of Saudi EFL Students

    • Authors: Ibrahim Oteir, Abdullah Al- Otaibi
      Pages: 409 - 418
      Abstract: Speaking is a complex production process involving several socio-psycho-cognitive factors and studying how these factors impact students' performance in English-speaking courses might lead to recommendations to enhance their speaking ability. Therefore, the objectives of the study are  to examine the level of Saudi EFL learners’ speaking anxiety and to investigate  the relationship  between speaking anxiety and the socio-economic status of Saudi Arabian students. Multiple regression was used to analyze the data in a quantitative research design   to achieve those objectives.  A questionnaire was used as the main tool for gathering data from 118 students at Betterjee Medical College in Jeddah. The results revealed that most Saudi EFL students experience a common problem of  speaking anxiety in their English language classes. Another striking finding that has been found in this study  was the significant and negative relationship  between speaking and the student's socio-economic status which means that socio-economic status could be a crucial factor in speaking anxiety. The study’s findings have some implications for EFL practitioners who work with and facilitate EFL students’ efforts to overcome speaking anxiety particularly in a setting where the students are from varied socio-economic backgrounds.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.1005
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Environment, Social and Governance Reporting and Firm Performance:
           Evidence from GCC Countries

    • Authors: Raj Bahadur Sharma, Shilpa Lodha, Asha Sharma, Sajid Ali, Abdalla Mohamed Elmezughi
      Pages: 419 - 427
      Abstract: The aim of this research is to investigate the impact of ESG reporting on firm performance, Environment, Social and Governance (ESG) are a triple-bottom-line approach that combines financial gains with adhering to social, governance and environmental norms. In addition, the study's objective is to determine the relationship between ESG disclosure and firm performance in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) listed companies. ESG scores and other samples for 91 firms from 6 GCC countries were collected for this purpose over a three-year period from 2019, 2020 and 2021. The sample comprised nine diverse industries. The dependent variables are  Return on Assets (ROA) and  market capitalization , experimental variables are  environmental pillar score,  social pillar score, governance pillar score and overall ESG score and the control variables: size, leverage. The study found that ESG scores and governance pillar scores have a positive impact on a firm’s market value but environmental and social pillar scores were not significant. In addition, there is a strong relationship between all ESG disclosures   and ECG scores.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.53894/ijirss.v5i4.1006
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2022)
       
 
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