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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 426 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 265 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAS Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ABC Journal of Advanced Research     Open Access  
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Materialia Transilvanica     Open Access  
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adıyaman University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Research     Open Access  
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Afrique Science : Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apuntes de Ciencia & Sociedad     Open Access  
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
ARO. The Scientific Journal of Koya University     Open Access  
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ArtefaCToS : Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
AZimuth     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Berkeley Scientific Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BibNum     Open Access  
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Bistua : Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Básicas     Open Access  
BJHS Themes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Sea Journal of Engineering and Science     Open Access  
Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin of the National Research Centre     Open Access  
Butlletí de la Institució Catalana d'Història Natural     Open Access  
Central European Journal of Clinical Research     Open Access  
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciencia & Natura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia Amazónica (Iquitos)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia en Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia Ergo Sum     Open Access  
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Ciencia, Docencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Communications in Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comunicata Scientiae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ConCiencia     Open Access  
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Investigación UNED     Open Access  
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Dalat University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Data Curation Profiles Directory     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Dharmakarya     Open Access  
Diálogos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Digithum     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Einstein (São Paulo)     Open Access  
Ekaia : EHUko Zientzia eta Teknologia aldizkaria     Open Access  
Elkawnie : Journal of Islamic Science and Technology     Open Access  
Emergent Scientist     Open Access  
Enhancing Learning in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Episteme Transversalis     Open Access  
Ergo     Open Access  
Estação Científica (UNIFAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Sciences and Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Extensionismo, Innovación y Transferencia Tecnológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Facets     Open Access  
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fırat University Turkish Journal of Science & Technology     Open Access  
Fontanus     Open Access  
Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 373)
Frontiers for Young Minds     Open Access  
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Futures & Foresight Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gazi University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Journal of Science Frontier Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
HardwareX     Open Access  
Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access  
Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Hoosier Science Teacher     Open Access  
Iberoamerican Journal of Science Measurement and Communication     Open Access  
Impact     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Science and Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ingenieria y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovare : Revista de ciencia y tecnología     Open Access  
Instruments     Open Access  
Integrated Research Advances     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Interface Focus     Full-text available via subscription  
International Annals of Science     Open Access  
International Archives of Science and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Academic Research in Business, Arts & Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review     Open Access  
International Journal of Advancement in Education and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Advances in Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Computational and Experimental Science and Engineering (IJCESEN)     Open Access  
International Journal of Culture and Modernity     Open Access  
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Innovative Research and Scientific Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Innovative Research in Social and Natural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Research in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Science & Emerging Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sciences : Basic and Applied Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Social Sciences and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Review of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
InterSciencePlace     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Investigación Joven     Open Access  
Investigación Valdizana     Open Access  
Investigacion y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
iScience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Issues in Science & Technology     Free   (Followers: 7)
Istituto Lombardo - Accademia di Scienze e Lettere - Rendiconti di Scienze     Open Access  
Ithaca : Viaggio nella Scienza     Open Access  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access  
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Advanced Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for Pure Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Alasmarya University     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Big History     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Composites Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Deliberative Mechanisms in Science     Open Access  
Journal of Diversity Management     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Integrated Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Interaction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kerbala University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of King Saud University - Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Law, Information and Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)

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Journal of Institute of Science and Technology
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2467-9240
Published by Nepal Journals Online Homepage  [129 journals]
  • Data Protection in the EU and its Implications on Software Development
           outside the EU

    • Authors: Ralf Kneuper
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: In May 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR 2016) came into effect in the European Union (EU), defining requirements on how to handle personal data of EU citizens. This report discusses the effects of this regulation on software development organisations outside the EU, and summaries the software requirements that result from GDPR and therefore apply to most information technology (IT) systems that will handle data of individuals based in the EU.
      PubDate: 2019-06-26
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24620
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Determination and Contamination Assessment of Heavy Metals in Street Dust
           from Different Types of Land-Use in Kathmandu District, Nepal

    • Authors: Sudarshana Shakya, Samikshya Baral, Priya Belbase, Mohd Nur E Alam Siddique, Abd Naser HJ Samoh, Banani Das, Prem Kumar Shrestha, Pawan Raj Shakya
      Pages: 6 - 18
      Abstract: A total of forty seven street dust samples, collected from five different types of land use viz., industrial, urban, heavy traffic road, residential and undisturbed areas (control) of Kathmandu district (Nepal), were subjected to characterize the physico-chemical parameters such as pH, electrical conductance (EC), total alkalinity (T. Alk), total organic carbon (TOC) and particle size distribution. Four heavy metals of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn were determined in dust samples using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer (FAAS). It was found that all types of dust samples possessed alkaline nature along with variation in EC, T. Alk and TOC values. Results revealed that the dust of industrial areas contained high concentrations of Zn (143.3 mg/kg) and Cu (106.42 mg/kg), whereas the heavy traffic areas were mainly affected by Cd (0.90 mg/kg) and Pb (70.08 mg/kg). The average metal concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in dust of all the types of land use in Kathmandu were found to be 0.73, 68.86, 51.46 and 104.30 mg/kg and their average metal enrichment factors were 2.28, 5.50, 1.92 and 3.17, respectively. The results were also compared against heavy metals status in street dust from various cities/countries around the world. Pollution indices such as contamination factor (CF), degree of contamination (CD) and geo-accumulation index (Igeo) showed different classes of metal contamination in street dust of Kathmandu indicating traffic emission, automobiles, construction and demolition activities and other anthropogenic activities as the potential sources.
      PubDate: 2019-06-26
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24622
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Synthesis and Characterization of Urea–Formaldehyde Eco-Friendly
           Composite Based On Natural Fibers

    • Authors: Netra Lal Bhandari, Babu Raj Dhungana, Ralf Lach, Sven Henning, Rameshwar Adhikari
      Pages: 19 - 25
      Abstract:  Present work explains the synthesis of urea–formaldehyde composites with Allo (Girardinia diversifolia) and cotton (Gossypium arboreum) fibers. Urea–formaldehyde resin was synthesized by condensation polymerization of urea and formaldehyde monomers. Cellulose fibers were extracted by various chemical treatments of natural fibers. Composites were prepared with neat and extracted cellulose from Allo and cotton fibers by solution casting method. Fibers and composites were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), optical microscopy (OM), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) and micro-indentation tests. Results showed that composite with treated Allo fibers had better morphological, mechanical and thermal properties than untreated Allo and cotton fibers.
      PubDate: 2019-06-26
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24623
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Progress in Optoelectronic Oscillators

    • Authors: Nabin K. Raut, Jeffery Miller, Jay Sharping
      Pages: 26 - 33
      Abstract: An optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) generates a spectrally pure and ultra-stable radio frequency signal from a continuous wave laser source (Yao et al. 2004). In a conventional electrical oscillator, the energy storage capacity is limited, which compromises stability of the signal. To address this issue, Yao and Maleki invented the optoelectronic oscillator in 1996. This novel oscillator uses low-loss optical fiber to extend the length of the oscillator and thereby increases the amount of energy that can be stored (Madjar & Tibor 2006). Due to this additional energy storing component in the system, the purity and stability of the signal increase significantly. Following their invention, many modifications have been made over the years to improve the frequency stability of OEOs (lower phase noise and timing jitter). This review article discusses some of those key developments and then introduces some ongoing work devoted to understanding the impact of using electrical filters with Q >109.
      PubDate: 2019-06-26
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24625
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Assemblage of Insects on Medicinal Plants: An Insight from ICIMOD Herbal
           Garden in Godavari of Lalitpur, Nepal

    • Authors: Daya Ram Bhusal, Sweta Shrestha, Kishor Chandra Ghimire
      Pages: 34 - 41
      Abstract: Present study was conducted within the herbal garden of International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in Godawari of Kathmandu valley to explore the insect communities in medicinal plants. Five medicinal plants, viz. Rauvolfia serpentina (= Sarpagandha), Urtica dioca (= Sissnu), Zanthoxylum armatum (= Timur), Valeriana jatamansii (= Sungandhawal) and Mentha spicata (= Pudina) were selected for the study. Insects were randomly sampled during four seasons from September 2017 to June 2018 using different collecting techniques, like hand picking, pit-fall traps, net-sweeping and stem beating. A total of 869 insects individuals belonging to 42 different genera were collected and identified. It was found that the abundance of insects was high during spring season (299 insects comprising 35 % of collected species), followed by summer (255 insects comprising 29 % of collected species) and winter (219 insects comprising 25 % of collected species) seasons, and low during autumn season (96 insects comprising 11 % of collected species). It was further found that the abundance of insect species was temperature-dependent, but was independent of relative humidity. The maximum indicator species were present on M. spicata. Taxonomic distinctness (delta+) of insects was high on V. jatamansii, but low on U. dioca.
      PubDate: 2019-06-26
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24626
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Cost-Based Query Optimization in Centralized Relational Databases

    • Authors: Nawaraj Paudel, Jagdish Bhatta
      Pages: 42 - 46
      Abstract: Query optimization is the most significant factor for any centralized relational database management system (RDBMS) that reduces the total execution time of a query. Query optimization is the process of executing a SQL (Structured Query Language) query in relational databases to determine the most efficient way to execute a given query by considering the possible query plans. The goal of query optimization is to optimize the given query for the sake of efficiency. Cost-based query optimization compares different strategies based on relative costs (amount of time that the query needs to run) and selects and executes one that minimizes the cost. The cost of a strategy is just an estimate based on how many estimated CPU and I/O resources that the query will use. In this paper, cost is considered by counting number of disk accesses for each query plan because disk access tends to be the dominant cost in query processing for centralized relational databases.
      PubDate: 2019-06-26
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24627
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Screening and Optimization of Thermo-Tolerant Bacillus Sp. For Amylase
           Production and Antifungal Activity

    • Authors: Susmita Sapkota, Sujan Khadka, Aava Gautam, Rojina Maharjan, Ruby Shah, Sandhya Dhakal, Om Prakash Panta, Santosh Khanal, Pramod Poudel
      Pages: 47 - 56
      Abstract: Amylases are starch degrading enzymes which are produced by plants, animals and microorganisms. Amylases produced by microorganisms have a wide range of industrial applications such as in pharmaceutical, food, textile and paper industries. However, there are still limitations in the isolation of amylase producing microorganisms. The objective of this study was to isolate the potent amylase producing Bacillus sp. from soil samples and evaluate their abilities for inhibiting the aflatoxin producing Aspergillus flavus. In this study, 30 soil samples were used. For the screening and identification of Bacillus strain, morphological and biochemical tests were performed. Iodine assay was done to screen the potent amylase producers. Two parameters (pH and temperature) were used to optimize the cultural conditions for the production of amylase. To determine the total reducing sugar, dinitrosalicylic acid (DNS) assay was used. Altogether 29 colonies were selected and identified as Bacillus spp out of which 16 were selected to determine enzyme activity by cup plate method. Four isolates (DK9, DK10, IM4 and KD7) showing highest amylolytic activities (16 mm, 12 mm, 14 mm and 14 mm zone of hydrolysis) were subjected for further study. Isolate KD7 showed the highest amylolytic activity (0.19 U/mL) compared to other isolates. Maximum amylase production was found at pH 6 and temperature 50° C (0.19 U/mL). Among these 4 isolates, DK9 and KD9 showed strong antagonistic activity against Aspergillus flavus while DK10 and IM4 showed moderate antifungal activities. Thus, the bacterial isolate KD7 was identified as the most potent strain for maximum amylase production.
      PubDate: 2019-06-26
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24628
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Antibacterial, Antidiabetic and Brine Shrimp Lethality Activities of Some
           Selected Medicinal Plants from Kavrepalanchok District of Nepal

    • Authors: Khaga Raj Sharma, Rupak Kharel
      Pages: 57 - 62
      Abstract: The methanol extracts of nine medicinal plants collected from Kavrepalanchok district of Nepal were subjected to their potential bioactivity viz. antibacterial, antidiabetic and toxicity tests. Antibacterial property of the extracts was evaluated against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria by agar well diffusion method and antidiabetic activity was investigated by α-amylase inhibition assay. The toxicity of plant extracts was assessed by brine shrimp lethality test. All the nine different plant extracts showed antibacterial activity with the zone of inhibition (ZOI) ranging from 5 to 35 mm. Among the studied plant extracts, Psidium guajava showed the highest ZOI against Salmonella typhi (35 mm) while Melia azedarach was most effective against Staphylococcus aureus (22 mm). The percentage of α- amylase enzyme inhibition was found up to 88.56 ± 3.50 in dose dependent manner. The enzyme inhibitory concentration IC50 value of standard, acarbose was 166.01 μg/mL while the most effective anti-diabetic plant extract of Utrica dioica has 186.67 μg/mL. Moreover, various plant extracts depicted various levels of toxic activities; Curcuma longa demonstrated significant toxicity to Artemia salina with LC50 value 62.10 μg/mL, while Agerantina adenophora, P. guajava and M. azedarach showed moderate toxicity with 103.77, 109.37 and 383.58 μg/mL, respectively.
      PubDate: 2019-06-26
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24629
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Determinants of Distribution of Large Mammals in Seti River Basin, Tanahun
           District of Western Nepal

    • Authors: Jagan Nath Adhikari, Bishnu Prasad Bhattarai, Tej Bahadur Thapa
      Pages: 63 - 71
      Abstract: Forest landscape in Seti River basin of Western Nepal is not conserved within the protected area network. Wildlife habitats in Seti River basin are more vulnerable due to high anthropogenic disturbance and habitat fragmentation. Present study mainly focused to evaluate the major factors that determine the distribution of large mammals in Seti River basin by walking through 34 line transects that covered a total of 59.89 km. The distribution of large mammals was greatly affected by habitat types, human disturbances, topography and altitude. Himalayan gorals were recorded in the steep grass covered areas where as Muntjacs were found in most of the habitats and slopes. There was low occurrence of all species nearer to the settlements and roads. Besides, water sources played a vital role in distribution of wildlife, as there were more occurrences of signs of large mammals nearby water resources. In the study area, community forests played a major role in the conservation of viable population of large mammals. However, habitat fragmentation due to scattered human settlements and degradation of foraging grounds such as grasslands by succession and invasion of alien plant species added more threats to the survival of large mammals. Therefore, such situation can be improved through the protection of connecting forest patches and scientific management of forests and grasslands.
      PubDate: 2019-06-27
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24638
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Crop Raiding Status by Assamese Monkeys (Macaca assamensis) along the
           Kaligandaki River, Western Nepal

    • Authors: Suvas Chandra Ghimire, Mukesh Kumar Chalise
      Pages: 72 - 76
      Abstract: A study on Assamese monkeys (Macaca assamensis) in Kaligandaki river basin at Ramdi of Palpa and Syangja districts of western Nepal was performed. The field study was conducted from February 2015 to January 2016 spending 1804 hours to explore the ecology and feeding behavior of Assamese macaque. The study mainly focused the Ramdi village area. A total of 24 individuals of Assamese monkeys were counted towards Palpa district and 18 individuals were counted towards Syangja district. Crop raiding status was examined each year by questionnaire survey method for local household villagers as well as direct observation by the researcher. It was found that maize (47.14 %) was the highest raided among the crops, followed by fruits (16.43 %), wheat (11.13 %), millet (5.72 %), rice (4.58 %), potato (4.27 %), lentil (4.07 %), mustard (1.26 %), pumpkin (1.14 %), bread (0.96 %), brown lentil (0.81 %), broad beans (0.80 %), sesame (0.60 %), black pulses (0.35 %), dal (0.20 %), cauliflower (0.14 %), tomato (0.1 %), egg (0.1 %), samosa (0.1 %) and gram (0.1%).
      PubDate: 2019-06-27
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24639
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Removal and Recovery of Phosphate from Water and Wastewater Using
           Metal-Loaded Agricultural Waste-Based Adsorbents: A Review

    • Authors: Megh Raj Pokhrel, Bhoj Raj Poudel, Ram Lochan Aryal, Hari Paudyal, Kedar Nath Ghimire
      Pages: 77 - 89
      Abstract: There is a growing research interest in the development of adsorbents based on agricultural wastes (AWs) for the removal of phosphate from waste water sources, which otherwise can cause eutrophication. Nevertheless, due to the lack of active exposed surface sites, raw AWs-based adsorbents are usually inefficient for the adsorption of phosphate from aquatic environment. Consequently, modification of raw adsorbents has been frequently used to improve their phosphate adsorption capacity. Of the various methods of modification, this review paper focused on most widely used chemical modification method. It presents a critical and comprehensive review of the literature on the effectiveness of metal-loaded agricultural wastes (MLAWs)-based adsorbents in removing and recovering of phosphate from waste waters. Mechanisms and factors affecting phosphate adsorption as well as phosphate desorption and regeneration from MLAW adsorbents are critically evaluates. If phosphate from waste waters can be of economical value, regeneration may partly overcome the future shortage of global phosphate rock reserves. It is evident from the literature survey presented herein that MLAWs-based adsorbents exhibited as potential adsorbent for the removal/recovery of phosphate from waste waters. However, there still needs a refined practical utility of these adsorbents on a commercial scale, which may serve as the novel, cost effective and environmentally benign methods of modification.
      PubDate: 2019-06-27
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24640
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Study on the Effects of Multiple Matings in Coccinella transversalis for
           its Behaviour and Reproduction

    • Authors: Mahadev Bista
      Pages: 90 - 93
      Abstract: The evolution and maintenance of multiple mating (repeated mating or polyandry) in predaceous ladybird beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is an adaptive puzzle; since a single ejaculate of male often provides enough sperm to female for her lifetime egg production. Despite numerous studies on multiple mating evaluating reproductive attributes, there are negligible studies that investigated changes in behavioural patterns in ladybirds during multiple mating. In the present study, effects of multiple mating on mating behavioural pattern of males and reproductive attributes of females have been assessed using Coccinella transversalis as an experimental ladybird species. Results revealed that during copulation behaviour, time for the commencement of mating, latent period, wriggling movement duration, number of bouts and mating duration decreased with increase in number of mating; whereas interval between successive bouts increased significantly. Moreover, fecundity and egg viability of females increased with increase in number of mating.
      PubDate: 2019-06-27
      DOI: 10.3126/jist.v24i1.24641
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2019)
       
 
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