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PENDIPA : Journal of Science Education
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2086-9363 - ISSN (Online) 2622-9307
Published by Universitas Bengkulu Homepage  [25 journals]
  • Pengembangan Leaflet Digital Tema Makananku Kesehatanku untuk Menumbuhkan
           Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMP

    • Authors: Nurdayanti Nurdayanti, Dwi Indah Suryani, R. Ahmad Zaky El Islami
      Pages: 117 - 126
      Abstract: According to the results of interviews conducted at junior high schools in the Lebak area, learning activities aimed at developing students' critical thinking skills have not been carried out properly. For this reason, teaching resources that can be used are digital leaflet teaching materials. This study animed to obtain the feasibility and legibility of digital leaflets with the topic "my food, my health" which is oriented toward the critical thinking skills of grade VIII junior high school students. The research methodology used was Research and Development, limited according to the abilities and needs of researchers, namely using three stages: define, design, and develop stages. A questionnaire instrument sheet is a tool used for investigation, which will be assessed by material validators, media, and practitioners, as well as readability by students with quantitative descriptive and qualitative descriptive data analysis. The findings of this study indicate that digital leaflets with the topic "My food, my health" can be used to help grade VIII students of junior high school develop critical thinking skills that based on media validation, scored 87.5% in the "very appropriate" category, while material validation scored 93.45% in the "very feasible" category, while practitioner validation obtained a score of 89.22% in the "very appropriate" category and readability students get a score of 91.88% with very good category.
      PubDate: 2023-06-01
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.117-126
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengembangan Instrumen Tes Diagnostik Five-Tier untuk Mengidentifikasi
           Miskonsepsi Siswa Kelas XI pada Materi Laju Reaksi

    • Authors: Khairunnisa Khairunnisa, Ajat Sudrajat
      Pages: 127 - 136
      Abstract: This study aimed to report the results of the validity and reliability test of the five-tier diagnostic test instrument on the reaction rate material and identify the level of misconceptions experienced by students of class XI IPA MAN 2 Model Medan on the concept of the material. This research was conducted in November-March 2022/2023 academic year. This research was a descriptive research using the ADDIE development model. Data collection in this study used tests, interviews and questionnaires. The research stage begins with data collection and literature study, initial needs analysis, product design stage, development of five-tier diagnostic test instruments and validation by experts, test validity and reliability of tests on small-scale trials and identification of student misconceptions on broad-scale trials. The assessment results from expert validators show the criteria of the instrument developed are valid. The results of the item validity analysis obtained 23 valid items and 7 invalid items. Based on the reliability test results, it is known that the five-tier diagnostic test instrument has high reliability with a reliability coefficient of 0.80. The results of the broad-scale trial showed that the level of misconceptions of students in the XI Science class of MAN 2 Medan Model on the reaction rate material was 33% which was classified in the moderate category. The largest percentage of misconceptions is on the concept of reaction order and reaction rate equation of 46.75%. The lowest percentage of misconceptions experienced by students is in understanding the concept of factors that affect the reaction rate of 20.27%.
      PubDate: 2023-06-01
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.127-136
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Penerapan Pembelajaran Inovatif (PjBL & PBL) pada Materi Pemanasan Global
           terhadap Literasi Sains Peserta Didik Kelas X di SMA Negeri 1 Sooko

    • Authors: Anita Krisdiana, Ria Puspita, Dwikoranto
      Pages: 137 - 142
      Abstract: This study aims to find the improvement of learning outcomes and science literacy of class X students in SMA Negeri 1 Sooko in the subject global warming through the Project Based Learning (PjBL) model in cycle I and Problem Based Learning in cycle II. The type of the research was Classroom Action Research. Based on the research that has been done, it can be concluded that the application of PBL model in cycle II can increase students’ learning outcomes and science literacy compared to the application of PjBL in cycle II. This is proven by 1) The increase of students’ average learning outcomes from 66,5 in cycle I to become 89,78 in cycle II. 2) The increase of students’ average science literacy in competency aspect from 76 in cycle I to become 88,5 in cycle II, and the increase of students’ average science literacy in attitude aspect from 50 in cycle I to become 100 in cycle II.
      PubDate: 2023-06-01
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.137-142
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Upaya Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar IPA Melalui Metode Mind Mapping

    • Authors: Yusuf Nungky Diandita, Ana Fitrotun Nisa, Daimul Hasanah
      Pages: 143 - 149
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the improvement of science learning outcomes of grade VI students of SD Negeri Totogan through the application of the Mind Mapping method. The type of research was a class action research with the subject of research of grade VI students of SD Negeri Totogan totaling 24 students. Data collection methods used physics learning achievement test measurement tools on optical devices material, documentation, observation and interviews. This research used pretest-posttest design method. The analysis technique used in this research was t-test, namely paired sample t-test and independent sample t-test. Paired sample t-test was used to test the average difference (mean) between the pre-test and post-test results in each group (experimental group and control group). The research data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively and quantitatively. The results showed that learning through the application of the Mind Mapping method can improve science learning outcomes in grade VI students of SD Negeri Totogan. The improvement can be implemented through action modifications in the form of; delivery of material with a modified Mind Mapping method, question and answer material by involving students actively, making and creating Mind Mapping forms accompanied by teachers and researchers, presenting student Mind Mapping results by randomly selecting them, and reflecting on learning by involving students at the end of learning. Based on the test results, the learning outcome data showed that the average score in the pre-action was 61.67 with 16.7% learning completeness, increased in cycle I to 66.82 with 50% learning completeness, and increased again in cycle II with an average score of 83.19 with 79.2% learning completeness. Thus, we concluded that the Mind Mapping method can improve the learning outcomes of grade VI students of SD Negeri Totogan.
      PubDate: 2023-06-01
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.143-149
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Tipe Talking Stick Berbantuan Media Mystery
           Box Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa

    • Authors: Latifah Fajeri, Liska Berlian, Lulu Tunjung Biru
      Pages: 150 - 157
      Abstract: The students in the 8th grade at the 2nd Ciruas State High School still have low science education learning outcomes, marked by learning that is still centered on the teacher. The aim of this study is to find out how the learning model Talking Stick with mystery box can influence students’ learning outcomes on the theme of Sonar Systems in Animals. This type of research uses experimental quatches with a non-equivalent control group design. The Talking Stick cooperative learning model was carried out in the experimental class, while the live learning model was used in the control class. Pretest-posttest tests are used to measure cognitive abilities, while non-tests are used for measuring emotional and psychomotor abilities (observed paper). The conclusion of the research has been obtained: the influence of the learning model taught with the type of talking stick-assisted media mystery box on student learning results on the theme of sonar students in animals This is demonstrated by the acquisition of average values from both classes during the test. On the cognitive aspect, a score of 54.9 was obtained for the control class and an average of 72.3 for the experimental class. On the psychomotor aspect, we obtained a score of 77.8 in the control class and 88.2 in the experimental class. In addition, on the affective aspect, he obtained a score of 75.9 in the control class and 84.1 in the experimental class. The data showed that achievements in each cognitive, psychomotor, and affective aspect obtained the highest score in the experimental class.
      PubDate: 2023-06-10
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.150-157
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Keanekaragaman Fenotipe dan Daya Dukung Lingkungan pada Ayam Lokal di
           Kecamatan Merawang Kabupaten Bangka

    • Authors: Riko Irwanto, Marinah, Shalsabilla Rizqi Aulia Awanni, Tissya Milly Gusnia
      Pages: 158 - 167
      Abstract: The aims of this study were to determine the diversity of phenotypes and the status of environmental carrying capacity in local chicken cultivation in Merawang District, Bangka Regency. This research was conducted in 5 villages in Merawang District which have many local chicken coops. The sampling method used is purposive sampling. Data analysis was carried out by gender. The parameters observed in this study were phenotype observations in the form of qualitative characteristics (feather color, feather pattern, feather pattern, feather flickering, shark color and comb type) and quantitative traits (chicken body weight, chicken, chicken breast circumference, length of femur, shank length and environmental parameters). The results obtained were 164 local chickens. The chickens obtained consisted of 108 female chickens and 56 male chickens. The results showed the dominant comb shape was rose (male) and pea (female), feather color was white (male) and colored (female), yellow shank color, feather pattern for both males. and dominantly striated females. The dominant feather pattern is Colombia, while the flickering feathers are dominant for both local and female chickens. The results showed that the body weight of local chickens in five villages, Merawang District had an average of 12.6 ± 9.33 kg (male) and 192.4 ± 2.87 kg (female). Based on body size data, values in millimeters (mm) were obtained for males and females, such as body length 1.734 ± 51.53 and 3.091 ± 104.13; shank lengths 306.6±9.78 and 551.8±18.16; thigh (femur) length 749±28.53 and 1,403±46.74; calf length (tibia) 702±17.60 and 1,228±38.29; and shank circumferences 63.6 ±1.16 and 121±3.77. The average temperature of the cage during observation was 28ºC with feed given an average of three times a day, namely in the morning, afternoon and evening. Environmental factors such as housing and temperature become the carrying capacity of local chicken cultivation in Bangka.
      PubDate: 2023-06-12
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.158-167
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Project Based Learning terhadap Keterampilan
           Proses Sains

    • Authors: Niken Gusti Amanda, Lulu Tunjung Biru, Dwi Indah Suryani
      Pages: 168 - 177
      Abstract: The background of this research was the lack of practicum activities carried out and the lack of use of project-based learning models that make students feel difficulty understanding material on the theme of food around me and still lack the ability to process science in grade VIII students. This study aimsed to analyze the influence of the food-themed project based learning (PjBL) learning model. Data collection used a quasi-experimental design method, with a nonequivalent control group type. In this design, there were pre-test and post-test for the experimental and control classes. The research instruments applied were test sheets, observations, interviews and validation. The project-based learning model was developed through stages including presenting basic questions, (2) making project plans, (3) scheduling activities, (4) checking students' progress in working on their projects (monitoring), (5) reviewing test results, and (6) evaluation. The results of the study show that the project based learning (PjBL) learning model has an influence on the ability of science processes as indicated by a significance value of 0.002 <0.05 which indicates H0 is rejected and H1 is accepted.
      PubDate: 2023-06-12
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.168-177
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Penggunaan Alat Peraga Pada Materi Bumi Dan Tata Surya Untuk Meningkatkan
           Pemahaman IPA Peserta Didik

    • Authors: Afifah Naura Salamah, Warmi'anah Warmi'anah, Agung Mulyo Setiawan
      Pages: 178 - 184
      Abstract: This study aimed to improve the student’s understanding of Earth and Solar System in Science subjects through the use of teaching aids. The type of research was collaborative classroom action research between the researcher and teacher. There were two cycles in this study with 4 stages each, namely planning, action, observation, and reflection. The data collection techniques used were observation sheets and tests. Data analysis was carried out using a quantitative descriptive method for the observation sheet and post-test. The results of the study showed that the percentage of learning mastery was 67% in cycle I, both in the first and second meetings. Meanwhile, the percentage of learning mastery in cycle II in the first and second meetings were 75% and 83% respectively. This study concludes that teaching aids can improve the student’s understanding of Earth and Solar System in Science subjects in class VII-D at SMP Negeri 1 Gedangan.
      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.178-184
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengembangan E-flipbook Interaktif dengan Strategi Conceptual Change
           sebagai Media Reduksi Miskonsepsi Peserta Didik pada Materi Laju Reaksi

    • Authors: Neni Anugraheni Nurrahmah, Sukarmin
      Pages: 185 - 194
      Abstract: This research and development was conducted with the purpose to obtain an interactive e-flipbook using the conceptual change strategy that is feasible to use for reducing student misconceptions on the topic of reaction rates. The feasibility was assessed based on the category of validity, practicality, and effectiveness. This study utilized Research and Development (R&D) method with the ADDIE model consisting of the analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. However, the focus of this study was limited to the stage of development. The observations were carried out on 15 students of SMA Negeri 1 Puri who had misconceptions about the sub-concept of the definition of reaction rates, surface area factor, temperature factor, and catalyst factor. The details of experimental results include: The validation data obtained a mode score of ≥4 in each aspect of both content and construct validity, categorized as valid; the practicality data collected from the questionnaire responses of the students yielded a percentage of 91.3%, categorized as highly practical. Similarly, the observation result of student activities achieved a percentage of 91.54%, also categorized as highly practical; The effectiveness data achieved a percentage of 88% for the shift from misconceptions to conceptual understanding, categorized as highly effective. According to the result regarding validity, practicality, and effectiveness, the interactive e-flipbook with conceptual change strategy is feasible to reduce student misconceptions in the topic of reaction rates, due to its compliance with the standards of validity, practicality, and effectiveness.
      PubDate: 2023-06-23
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.185-194
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pemanfaatan Teknologi Modifikasi Cuaca sebagai Upaya Penanggulangan
           Bencana Hidrometeorologi di Indonesia

    • Authors: Magdalena Sidauruk, Herlina Juni Risma Saragih, Sugeng Tri Utomo, Pujo Widodo, Kusuma
      Pages: 195 - 200
      Abstract: Indonesia is a country prone to hydrometeorological disasters. BNPB notes that every year Indonesia's disasters are dominated by hydrometeorological disasters, namely floods, landslides, extreme weather, karhutla and drought. The hydrometeorological disaster in Indonesia resulted in quite large economic losses. The application of TMC (Weather Modification Technology) in Indonesia has had good success. This research uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive method based on the description of the results of research that has been done previously regarding Weather Modification Technology in overcoming hydrometorological disaster efforts in Indonesia. TMC's efforts in tackling forest and land fires in 2020 and 2021 in provinces that are prone to forest fires are carried out during the rainy season transition period before the start of the dry season. Implementation of TMC in a timely manner, can shorten the time of forest and land fires in a number of areas that have high vulnerability, so that the number of karhutla incidents can be optimally suppressed. Flood control efforts in Jakarta in 2013 with TMC were carried out for 33 days in 2013 with two methods, namely the jumping process mechanism method and the competition mechanism method with the aim of accelerating the rain process before it arrives in Jakarta. The results from the TMC were a 20-50% reduction in rain in Jakarta. The application of TMC for drought management on plantations in 2014 in Riau, Central Kalimantan and North Sumatra for 120 days resulted in an additional rainfall of 198 mm/year, for the Central Kalimantan region by 254 mm/year and for the North Sumatra region by 233 mm/year. Disaster management efforts using TMC are considered effective in Indonesia. This effort is a reference for the government and policy makers for the prevention of hydrometeorological disasters in Indonesia.
      PubDate: 2023-06-23
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.195-200
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Efektivitas Pembelajaran Offline Pada Mata Kuliah Matematika Pasca Pandemi

    • Authors: Evi dwi krisna
      Pages: 201 - 207
      Abstract: [The Effectiveness of Offline Learning Post Pandemic in Mathematics Courses]. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the post-pandemic offline learning model at INSTKI in mathematics courses. This research is a descriptive qualitative research, where the population is all INSTIKI students who receive mathematics courses using the post-pandemic offline learning model. There were 60 INSTIKI students as a sample of research subjects, who were selected by cluster random sampling. Full offline learning is carried out by research subjects face-to-face with lecturers in class. Questionnaires were distributed for data collection via google form media, and analyzed with descriptive statistics. Evaluation of the effectiveness of re-implementing offline learning is seen from the aspects of satisfaction and understanding of the material being taught. From the aspect of satisfaction, the return to implementation of this offline learning model had a positive impact, as seen from 81.67% answering very satisfied, 11.67% satisfied, and 5.00% feeling quite satisfied. Only 1.67% felt dissatisfied and no one felt very dissatisfied. From the aspect of understanding the material being taught, it also shows good results with the return of offline learning. 63.33% answered that it was easy, even 18.33% answered very easily, and 15.00% answered that it was quite easy to understand. Only 3.33% found it difficult, and no one answered that it was very difficult to understand the material being taught with this offline learning. So it can be concluded that the return of post-pandemic offline learning is effective,when evaluated from the aspect of satisfaction and understanding.
      PubDate: 2023-06-25
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.201-207
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Development of Student Worksheet Oriented on PBL and Science Literacy to
           Improve Students' Critical Thinking Skills on Buffer Solution Material

    • Authors: Fadhilatur Rochmatin, Muchlis
      Pages: 208 - 216
      Abstract: This research intends to create a student worksheet that can be used to help students enchance their critical thinking skills. Validity, practicality, and effectiveness are taken into consideration when evaluating the viability of a student worksheet. The validity of the student worksheet is evaluated by specialists. Practice was based on student responses supported by activities during learning. Meanwhile, effectiveness was based on improving students' critical thinking skills in terms of classical learning completeness, N-gain, and non-parametric statistical tests. This research employed the Research and Development method devised by Borg and Gall, with 18 students from grade XI SMAN 20 Surabaya serving as research subjects. The research instruments used were validation sheets, response questionnaires, student activity observation sheets, and pretest and posttest question sheets. The results indicated that the student worksheet was usable. The evaluation results show the validity of the student worksheet, which received a score mode of 5 with a very good category. The practicality of student worksheet is seen from the positive response of students with a range of 88.9%-100% which is categorized as very practical. It is also supported by activities that are more relevant than irrelevant activities. The effectiveness of student worksheet is shown by the 89% completion of classical learning, medium and high N-gain criteria with successive percentages of 38.89% and 61.11%, and hypothesis tests with Sig. < 0.05 values.
      PubDate: 2023-07-02
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.208-216
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Penerapan Model Missouri Mathematics Project Terhadap Hasil Belajar

    • Authors: Kadek Suryati, Ni Wayan Suardiati Putri
      Pages: 217 - 223
      Abstract: Monotonous learning will make students passive and only recipients of concepts. The purpose of this research was to describe the learning model missouri mathematics project (MMP) in improving learning outcomes in computer mathematics courses.This research was carried out on campus Institut Bisnis dan Teknologi Indonesia (INSTIKI). The subjects in this study were first semester students majoring in Informatics Engineering Class C for the 2022/2023 school year has 30 students. Data collection methods used are interviews, observation, questionnaire and test methods. Data analysis technique using descriptive analysis. The results showed that the increase in mathematics learning outcomes for students majoring in informatics engineering from cycle I obtained an average score on the mathematics test of 67.23 with a total of 30 students taking the test. Of the 30 students, 21 students still scored in the poor category and 9 in the good category and increased in cycle II with an average score of 73.83 with 30 students taking the test. Of the 30 students, 18 students still got grades in the good category, 7 students got the fair category and 5 people in the less category. Whereas the results of student responses to the MMP learning model received a positive response of 80% and a negative response of 20%.
      PubDate: 2023-07-02
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.217-223
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • POGIL (Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning) e-Worksheet to Improve
           Critical Thinking Skills on Reaction Rate Material

    • Authors: Bella Wahyuning Tyas, Dian Novita
      Pages: 224 - 231
      Abstract: The aims of this research were to obtain the eligibility of the POGIL e-worksheet to improve students' critical thinking skills on reaction rate material in terms of validity, practicality, and effectiveness criteria. The type of research was research and development using the ADDIE development model with three stages, Analyze, Design, and Development. The research was obtain validity from the validation sheet in terms of the eligibility of content, presentation, language, and design getting mode ≥ 3 so it was declared valid. Practicality was obtained from a response questionnaire supported by a student activity observation sheet. Overall practicality of the response questionnaire has 89.09% (very practical), while the learner activity observation sheet getting mode = 1. Effectiveness was obtained from the pretest and posttest of critical thinking skills supported by student learning results. The result of the critical thinking skills test got N-gain, 0.929 Interpretation, 0.722 Analysis, 0.694 Evaluation, 0.556 Inference, and 0.933 Explanation and obtained a significance value of 0 in the paired sample t-test so it was concluded there was an increase in students' critical thinking skills in reaction rate material after using POGIL e-worksheet. The learning outcomes test data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed rank test has 0 probability value, then it can be concluded there is an increase in student learning outcomes in reaction rate material after using the POGIL e-worksheet. Based on the results of validity, practicality, and effectiveness, the development of the POGIL e-worksheet is feasible.
      PubDate: 2023-07-02
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.224-231
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengembangan Instrumen Tes Kemampuan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Tema Energi
           Ramah Lingkungan Pada Siswa Kelas IX

    • Authors: Ashri Fathia, Liska Berlian, R. Ahmad Zaky El Islami
      Pages: 232 - 240
      Abstract: The problem with test instruments made by teachers tends to test more aspects of memory without honing the ability to think at a high level of students is what prompted this research. The purpose of this study was to develop a high level thinking test instrument designed for grade IX students on the theme of environmentally friendly energy. The method used is Research and Development (R&D) consisting of potential problems, data collection, product design, design validation, design revision and product trials. This research resulted in the form of a high level thinking test instrument. The test instrument has been tested for feasibility based on expert validation obtaining a validity level of 98.36% (very valid) with details of material expert validation of 97.77% and science teacher experts of 98.96%. Based on the test of test instruments on 105 students measured by Anates software version 4.0.5, the results obtained 20 valid questions with moderate difficulty, reliability of 0.85 (high reliability) and good differentiating power as many as 5 questions and sufficient differentiating power as many as 15 questions. Therefore, it can be concluded that the test instrument with an overall product efficiency value obtained based on student responses is 89.12% (very efficient). The results of the development of test instruments can be used for further research that will measure the level of ability with high level thinking in class IX students on the theme of environmentally friendly energy.
      PubDate: 2023-07-12
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.232-240
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengaruh Model Inkuiri Terbimbing Berbsasis STEM Terhadap Keterampilan
           Proses Sains Peserta Didik pada Materi Gelombang Cahaya

    • Authors: Fika Dina Aprilia Aprilia, Mita Anggaryani
      Pages: 241 - 248
      Abstract: Process skills and creativity in physics learning are associations of thinking. These two things are the main components of physics and the goals demanded by the 2013 curriculum. One learning model that can be applied to improve science process skills using a guided inquiry model based on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). This study aimed to describe the implementation of the guided inquiry model and STEM-based science process skills, as well as the effect of the STEM-based guided inquiry model on students' science process skills in the material of light waves in class XI IPA. This research method uses descriptive qualitative and quantitative. The results represent that the STEM-based guided inquiry model was very well implemented. Students' science process skills have increased after applying the STEM-based guided inquiry model. The STEM-based guided inquiry model has a significant effect, with the paired t-test results showing that in the experimental class, the count≥ table is 17.42 ≥ 2.06, while the control class is 10.00 ≥ 2.06. The independent t-test results showed a significant difference between the experimental and control classes indicated with count> table, that is, 5.65 > 2.01.
      PubDate: 2023-07-16
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.241-248
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Berbasis Video Animasi “AFIKA” untuk
           Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik pada Materi Impuls dan Momentum

    • Authors: Nauly Rahmaniyah, Mita Anggaryani
      Pages: 249 - 258
      Abstract: This research developed learning media based on animated videos, namely AFIKA. AFIKA specifically focuses on impulse and momentum as a learning topic. This study proposes to enhance student learning outcomes and confirm the feasibility of applying AFIKA in class. This study describes the validity assessment, the evaluation of learning implementation using AFIKA, and the learning evaluation results obtained from the pre-test and post-test assessments. This study applied the PIE development model, which comprises three stages: Plan (planning), Implementation (implementation), and Evaluate (evaluation). Data was collected through the expertise of validators to determine the validity of the media; Observers were responsible for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of learning activities in the classroom; Students provided feedback through response questionnaires, and their performance was assessed through pre-test and post-test evaluations. This study got 32 students from class X-3 of One of the Islamic High Schools in Gresik as the participants. The research instrument utilized a Likert scale to measure the scores. The findings of the conducted development research indicate that the AFIKA media, focusing on the topics of impulse and momentum in physics, achieved a validity score of 98.99% across material, media, and language aspects, indicating a high level of validity. Implementing learning activities using AFIKA media in class X-3 was highly successful, achieving a percentage of 98.66%. The overall response from students towards AFIKA media was positive. There was an improvement in the learning outcomes of class X-3 students in the physics of impulse and momentum after the implementation of AFIKA media, with an average N-Gain of 0.288, indicating a low level of improvement. The results suggest that AFIKA's animated video media on impulse and momentum material is practical and suitable for implementation. However, it may have a limited impact on increasing learning outcomes, which various factors could influence.
      PubDate: 2023-08-05
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.249-258
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pembuatan Sediaan Gel Dari Ekstrak Herba Pegagan (Centella Asiatica L.
           Urban) Sebagai Obat Luka Sayat

    • Authors: Pratiwi Dyah Indriyani, Tyas Prasetyaningrum, Lisa Adhani
      Pages: 259 - 264
      Abstract: Gotu kola (Centella asiatica L. Urban) contains the active ingredient saponin, an asiaticoside compound that acts as an antibiotic and spurs the production of collagen I, a protein that accelerates the wound healing process. The purpose of this study was to formulate a gel material from ethanol extract of gotu kola herb that meets the requirements of a good gel. In this study, gotu kola saponins were obtained from the extraction process carried out using a stirred extractor at 65°C, 350 rpm and 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 minutes. Identification of saponins was done using FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed). The gel formulation was made with concentrations of 5%, 10%, and 15%. A mass transfer coefficient of 0.01240 min-1 was obtained. The IR spectrum results showed the presence of O-H groups, C-H alkane groups (CH2, CH3), C=O carbonyl groups and C-O ester groups. The results of the evaluation carried out with the three gel concentrations in the organoleptic test, pH test, viscosity test, stability test, adhesion test and spread ability test met the requirements of a good gel.
      PubDate: 2023-08-05
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.259-264
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Validitas Laboratorium Virtual Filasik sebagai Alternatif Laboratorium
           Riil pada Materi Suhu dan Peneraan Termometer

    • Authors: Ganiestya Catur Adi Kertanegara, Mita Anggaryani
      Pages: 265 - 273
      Abstract: Virtual laboratory is useful as an alternative to real laboratory where virtual laboratory can provide facilities that are not available in real laboratory and help prepare students for real experiences in real laboratory. This study aimed to determine the validity of the Filasik virtual laboratory media. The research model used is the ADDIE development model (analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation) and the phases carried out up to the development phase. In the analysis phase, a needs analysis was carried out which consists of the needs of students and laboratory facilities. In the design phase, product design was carried out using HTML5 <canvas> with the javascript programming language. In the development phase, product development is carried out and tested on expert validators. The validation sheet consists of 4 aspects, namely display aspect, navigation aspect, program operation aspect, and usability aspect. The results of the validation assessment of the developed Filasik virtual laboratory were 95% and had very good qualifications and valid description with the reliability of validation results of 97%. So, the Filasik virtual laboratory is valid for use in learning on temperature material and thermometer measurements.
      PubDate: 2023-08-05
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.265-273
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Implementasi Model Inkuiri Terbimbing Berbantuan Virtual Lab Untuk
           Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Peserta Didik Pada Materi Gelombang

    • Authors: Diyah Prasasti Listiantomo, Dwikoranto
      Pages: 274 - 281
      Abstract: This research was conducted with the aim of analyzing the implementation of the virtual lab-assisted guided inquiry model to analyze the results of increasing critical thinking skills in class XI students after implementing the virtual lab-assisted guided inquiry model on the material of light waves. GroupDesign. The subjects used in this study were 60 class XI students. The instruments used in this study were pretest and posttest question sheets. The data obtained in this study were tested by prerequisite tests on pretest and posttest values which included normality tests and homogeneity tests, then different tests were carried out with dependent t-tests, independent t-tests and N-Gain tests. Based on the results and discussion of the research, it can be concluded that the results of increasing the critical thinking skills of class XI students in the light wave material after implementing the virtual lab-assisted guided inquiry learning model experienced a significant increase and are in the high category. In the control class, the results of increasing the critical thinking skills of class XI students in the light wave material after the implementation of the conventional learning model experienced a significant increase and were in the high category. There is a difference in the results of increasing critical thinking skills in the experimental and control classes as shown by the independent t-test which produces = 5,72 2.
      PubDate: 2023-08-05
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.274-281
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Flippbook Model Hybrid pada Pembelajaran
           Praktikum Kimia Dasar dalam Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains

    • Authors: Eva Pratiwi Pane, Anita Debora Br Simangunsong, Christa Voni Roulina Sinaga
      Pages: 282 - 288
      Abstract: Educators need to innovate in learning by utilizing one of the technology-based learning media using the right learning model so that the learning process becomes effective and meaningful. The purpose of this research was to develop a flipbook learning media hybrid model in basic chemistry practicum learning in improving students' science process skills. This type of research was research and development with the model proposed by Borg & Gall using the 4D model. Material and media expert validation was used to assess the feasibility of the media. The practicality and effectiveness of the media were tested in small groups. The research instrument consisted of observation sheets, practicum reports and questionnaires. The data consists of qualitative and quantitative where collected using a concurrent or concurrent model. Quantitative data was processed into percentages and interpreted to be the level of feasibility and the level of practicality of the media. Effectiveness is a media capability that is developed to support the improvement of students' science process skills. Qualitative data describes students' science process skills that were observed while students are participating in media trials. Based on the research results obtained, it can be concluded that flipbook learning media with a hybrid model in basic chemistry practicum learning that has been developed is very feasible and practical to use in basic chemistry practicum learning and can be used to train students' science process skills independently or in a supervised manner.
      PubDate: 2023-08-05
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.282-288
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengembangan Aplikasi “DaDi Pinter” Sebagai Media Pembelajaran
           Berbasis Mobile Learning Pada Materi Fluida Dinamis

    • Authors: Lugas Haryo Pradigdo, Mita Anggaryani
      Pages: 289 - 298
      Abstract: Learning media has a very vital role in the learning process. Learning media that are in accordance with current learning are technology-based media. Learning by using technology has the advantage of being able to provide learning opportunities anytime and anywhere. This study aims to analyze the results of the validity of the DaDi Pinter application as a media-based learning mobile learning to improve cognitive learning outcomes in dynamic fluid material. This study uses the ADDIE development method. Three stages are used: analysis, design, and development. The analysis phase is carried out by analyzing the material, needs, and habits of students. The design stage is carried out by designing the appearance and content of the DaDi Pinter application. Furthermore, the development stage is carried out by validating and revising the DaDi Pinter application based on input and suggestions from the validator. The validity of the DaDi Pinter application was assessed using a scale likert. Media experts and material experts assess the validity of the DaDi Pinter application. Media validation assessment is seen from the appearance design, program operation, navigation, and usability. Material validation assessment consists of aspects of material quality and material usefulness. The data analysis technique was carried out by calculating the validity results of the DaDi Pinter application from 3 validators. The results showed that the validity of the DaDi Pinter application on the media obtained an average percentage of 96% with a very valid category. The results showed that the validity of the DaDi Pinter application was 98%. Based on the results of this validity, the DaDi Pinter application is very valid and can be used in learning.
      PubDate: 2023-08-05
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.289-298
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Motivasi dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Siswa di SMK Teladan Tanah Jawa

    • Authors: Gayus Simarmata, Christa Voni Roulina Sinaga
      Pages: 299 - 303
      Abstract: Learning mathematics in vocational high school (SMK) is not always easy. There are times when vocational high school mathematics teachers complain about learning problems. This study aims to determine learning motivation and its contribution to student learning outcomes at SMK Nusantara Tanah Jawa. The research method used was a survey method with correlational analysis, with a total sample of 79 people. The data collection techniques used were interviews, questionnaires and documentation. From the results of the research, it was obtained; that the measure of student motivation was 64.61, while the learning outcomes were 64.61 (complete). A 54.80% of students' mathematics learning outcomes were determined by their learning motivation, with the regression equation Y' = 9.86 + 0.86X. The magnitude of the contribution of learning motivation to learning outcomes does not determine the level of learning outcomes.
      PubDate: 2023-08-17
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.299-303
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengembangan Lembar Kerja Siswa (LKS) Berbasis Model Inkuiri Terbimbing
           Pada Tema Bahaya Air Yang Tercemar Untuk Menumbuhkan Berpikir Kreatif

    • Authors: Chyntia Wulan Aprilia, Lulu Tunjung Biru, Vica Dian Aprelia Resti
      Pages: 304 - 311
      Abstract: Development of Student Worksheets (LKS) based on guided inquiry models on the theme of the dangers of polluted water to foster students' creative thinking begins with a problem during interview with a science teacher that textbooks alone are not capable of helping students grow creative thinking, students still lack a role in learning process. This development is a worksheet which contains the steps of the learning quided inquiry model contained in the content section of the worksheet which contains problem formulation, making hypotheses, designing experiments with work steps, conducting experiments to obtain data and making conclusions so that it can help foster students' creative thinking abilities. This research is a research and development (Research & Development) using four-D (4-D) research model and a modified Thiagarajan research design because the dissiminate stage was not carried out. The results showed that the development of guided inquiry-based student worksheets on the theme of the dangers of polluted water to foster students' creative thinking was carried out through 3 stages, namely the defining stage (Define), the design stage (Design), and the development stage (Develop). The level of validity successively scores 80% with valid criteria based on the validation of material and media experts and 85% with very valid criteria and teacher's assessment gets a score of 92% with very valid criteria. Based on the results of the overall validity test, an average value of 85.6% is obtained with very valid criteria.
      PubDate: 2023-08-23
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.304-311
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Pengembangan Kartu Fisika Stop-Go (Fikaso) Pada Materi Gelombang Cahaya
           untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik

    • Authors: Alvian Ariantoro, Mita Anggaryani
      Pages: 312 - 319
      Abstract: Education is an integral part of a nation’s life. The Indonesian Government has taken crucial action to improve the quality of education, starting with improving the curriculum, teachers' quality, and the use of technology in class. Curriculum 2013 encourages students to be more active in their learning process. However, teachers sometimes only rely on textbooks so that learning objectives are not achieved and students are less motivated to learn the topic. This research aims to develop media that can facilitate cooperation between teachers and students, namely the Fikaso card game. More specifically, this research was conducted to describe the validity, effectiveness, and practicality of Fikaso cards in learning to improve students' learning outcomes. The study was developed with the Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation (ADDIE) model. The results of the discussion show that the Fikaso cards that have been developed are declared: (1) Very valid or very feasible to use with an average percentage of 89%, (2) Effective with an effectiveness percentage of 73%, and can improve student learning outcomes with an N-gain value of 0.56 which is categorized as a moderate increase, and (3) Very practical to use with an average percentage of 92%.
      PubDate: 2023-08-27
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.312-319
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Analisa Pengetahuan Dasar Gunung Api pada Anak-Anak Panti Asuhan Dharma
           Jati I Klungkung Provinsi Bali

    • Authors: Nia Maharani
      Pages: 320 - 326
      Abstract: Indonesia is a country prone to natural disasters such as earthquakes and volcanoes. These natural disasters can happen anytime and anywhere. One of the provinces in Indonesia which is prone to volcanic eruptions is Bali. Adequate basic knowledge related to volcanoes is needed by all Balinese people, especially children, regarding anticipatory measures for volcanic eruptions. The goal is to reduce the risk of volcanic hazards. In this study, researchers took the research location at the Dharma Jati I Klungkung Bali orphanage. A number of questions in the form of a questionnaire were given to the children living in the orphanage. Based on previous observations, there was no counseling about volcanic disasters at the orphanage. Facilities and infrastructure are still limited to television so children get little information and some have never received any information at all. A questionnaire containing 10 questions was given to the orphanage children regarding basic knowledge of volcanoes such as the meaning, causes, characteristics and effects of volcanic eruptions with the result that the orphanage children still lack knowledge about the volcano itself.
      PubDate: 2023-09-04
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.320-326
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Development of E-Modules Based on Guided Inquiry to Train Students'
           Critical Thinking Skills on Reaction Rate Material

    • Authors: Salsabila Rachmasari Putri Putri, Sukarmin
      Pages: 327 - 335
      Abstract: This research was conducted with the aim of producing appropriate guided inquiry-based e-modules to train students' critical thinking skills on the subject of reaction rates. Feasibility is reviewed based on validity, practicality, and effectiveness. This research used the Research and Development (R&D) method by Sugiyono to the product trial stage. Product trials were carried out on a limited basis with 15 class XI students at SMA Negeri 12 Surabaya. The following details the research results obtained, namely (1) the e-module validation results get mode 4 so that they are included in the good/valid category, (2) the average results of student response questionnaires get a percentage of 95% so that it is said to be very practical and the average results the average observation of student activity gets a percentage of 97% so it is said to be very practical, and (3) the posttest results for each component of critical thinking skills get a percentage of ≥ 81% so it is said to be very effective and the average n-gain score obtained is 0.86 which is included in the high category so that it can be said to be effective. Based on the results of the research obtained, it shows that guided inquiry-based e-modules are feasible for training students' critical thinking skills in the matter of reaction rates.
      PubDate: 2023-09-06
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.327-335
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Project-Based Learning pada Pembelajaran IPA
           untuk Meningkatkan Nilai Conviction, Creativity dan Community

    • Authors: L.Eny Listyarini
      Pages: 336 - 342
      Abstract: Creativity and Community are important to be developed in learning at school. The three values of Tarakanita in class VIIC of SMP Tarakanita 2 Jakarta are still not developed. One of the learning models that can be applied to increase Conviction, Creativity and Community is Project Based Learning. This research aims to implement Project Based Learning with the aid of a module to improve Conviction, Creativity, and Community for class VII students of SMP Tarakanita 2 Jakarta on environmental pollution. The research method used is Classroom Action Research which consists of three cycles. Every cycles consist of three stages, they are planning, observation, action and reflection. The research subject is class VIIC SMP Tarakanita 2 Jakarta as many as 29 students. The research instrument used to obtain the data is the rubric for assessing conviction, creativity and community. Assessment with the rubric is carried out during the learning activities. The rubric used to measure the conviction value consists of five indicators, creativity consists of four indicators and community consists of four indicators. The results showed that there was an increase in conviction, creativity and community. The average value of conviction in cycle one is 50.8, in cycle two is 77.0 and in cycle three is 91.1. The average value for creativity ability in cycle one is 50.0 in cycle two is 77.6 and in cycle three is 92.5. The average value of the community in the first cycle is 48.0, in the second cycle 77.6 and in the third cycle 93.1. From these results, it can be concluded that the implementation of Project Based Learning with the help of modules on Environmental Pollution material in Class VII SMP Tarakanita 2 Jakarta can increase Conviction with an N-Gain value of 0.9 (high), Creativity with an N-Gain value of 0.8 (high). and Community with an N-Gain value of 0.9 (high).
      PubDate: 2023-09-12
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.336-342
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
  • Identifikasi Tren Media Pembelajaran IPA di SD/MI Pasca Pandemi

    • Authors: Donny Khoirul Azis, Maghfira Febriana
      Pages: 343 - 349
      Abstract: Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi tren media pembelajaran IPA yang diterapkan di SD/MI pasca pandemic covid-19. Penelitian menggunakan desain survei mengenai karakteristik media pembelajaran yang digunakan dalam pembelajaran IPA di SD/MI pasca pandemi Covid-19. Metode pengambilan data dengan cara observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Penelitian dilakukan pada 46 SD/MI di wilayah Jawa Tengah. Hasil penelitian didapatkan data bahwa 63% sekolah menggunakan media pembelajaran offline, sedangkan 37% sekolah memakai media pembelajaran kombinasi antara offline dan online. Media offline yang digunakan meliputi papan tulis, komputer, video, presentasi power point, alat laboratorium, dan alat peraga lain. Media online yang digunakan bersamaan dengan media offline yaitu grup WhatsApp/Telegram dan meeting room (Zoom meeting/Google Meet). Perbedaan penerapan kurikulum di sekolah dan kualifikasi guru bersertifikat pendidik bukan menjadi faktor utama pemilihan penggunaan media online bagi peserta didik tingkat MI/SD. Ketersediaan perangkat bagi peserta didik mengikuti pembelajaran dengan media online menjadi alasan dalam menentukan jenis media pembelajaran IPA pasca pandemi.
      PubDate: 2023-09-13
      DOI: 10.33369/pendipa.7.2.343-349
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
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