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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2618-5938
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [185 journals]
  • Determination of Acceptance of Gender, Aggression and Inter-Couple
           Violence and the Relationship Between Midwifery and HSPES Students

    • Authors: Özgür ALPARSLAN; Ebru SOLMAZ, Ayşe ÇATALOLUK
      Abstract: We aimed to determine the status of accepting gender, aggression and violence between couples and the relationship between midwifery and physical education and sports school students. The sample of the descriptive and cross-sectional (01.11.2017-30.12.2017) study consisted of midwifery (n=246), coaching (n=139) and physical education teacher (n=56) students (n=441). Personal information form, Gender Perception Scale, Gender Roles Attitude Scale, Aggression Scale, and Couple Violence Acceptance Scale were used to collect data. Data was evaluated by using number, percentage, mean, t-test, ANOVA and correlation analysis on the computer. 29.3% of the students participating in the study were male and 70.7% were female. It was determined that female student’s gender perceptions are lower than male student's. Male students were found to have a higher mean of violence, and the aggression level was normal for both. It was determined that the rate of accepting violence between couples was lower in women than in men (p
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Numerical Study on Free Particle Reinforced Fiber-Metal Composite
           Sandwiches Under Ballistic Loads

    • Authors: Umut CALİSKAN; Nisanur DUMAN, Arslan Talha TERME, Mustafa ÇAYIR, Mürüvvet BOZKURT
      Abstract: In this study, the ballistic performances of the fiber-metal composite plate with foam core sandwich embedded free particles were numerically investigated. Structures that can change the direction of incoming ammunition in armor designs have always been interesting. Ballistic analyzes of the structures designed with this motivation were carried out with fragment simulated projectile (FSP) under 3 different velocities. The 3D finite element and damage models of the materials were modeled separately, and the analyzes were completed by overcoming the problems encountered in the analysis of the complex structure. The material models of armor system were explained in detail as carbon fiber/epoxy composite plate, aliminum metal plate, PVC foam core material, steel spherical particle and steel fragment simulated projectile. The ballistic behaviors of 2 different types of structures formed according to particle diameter were investigated numerically and the full perforation behavior of the structure formed with small diameter particles was better.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Role of Sustainable Forest Management in Achieving Land Degradation
           Neutrality Target

    • Authors: Özlem YAVUZ; Pınar TOPÇU, Ahmet TOLUNAY
      Abstract: The rapidly increasing human population and the needs rise the threats to the future of the world. In order to avoid this situation, all countries come together under the umbrella of the United Nations (UN) and seek common solutions to this issue. One of these solutions is Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN), which was founded under the aim of the “Life on Land” number 15 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and was embodied in UNCCD COP 12 in 2015. So much so that the LDN, by looking at the environmental problems experienced in a high dimension, adopted firstly the prevention of land degradation, then its reduction and the recovery of lost lands. At this point, Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) is of great importance. This study has been prepared to indicate the importance of the SFM to reaching the LDN target.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Effects of Additives on Concrete-Rebar Adherence

    • Authors: Kemal Tuşat YÜCEL; Kemal Muhammet ERTEN
      Abstract: In composite reinforced concrete elements formed by concrete and rebar, only if these two materials work together, reinforced concrete elements can fully function. The significant factor that will ensure working together is the bond strength, which is called adherence. The higher the value of this force, the harder the rebar is to pull out from the concrete. In this experimental study, the effect of concrete additives and aggregate type on the bond strength and the amount of elongation of the reinforcement without stripping from the concrete was investigated. For this purpose, 28-day compressive strength and adherence force and reinforcement elongation amounts of the concrete mixtures produced by using mineral, chemical and fiber additives for two different aggregate series, crushed stone and gravel, and two different cement dosages, were observed. In addition, by using 3 different rebar in terms of diameter and surface properties, the effect of these properties on concrete-rebar adherence was revealed. As a result of the study, the use of crushed stone aggregate, hyperplasticizer additive, mineral additive and ribbed rebar with 18mm diameter increased the bond strength compared to the reference samples.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of Soil Pollution with Pollution Parameters

    • Authors: Güllü KIRAT
      Abstract: Soil samples in Moryayla village located 156 km northeast of Erzurum and Cu mineralization area around it were collected randomly. In these samples, 20 samples were taken in order to investigate the metals found and the pollution limits of these metals and the sources that cause this pollution. The geochemical analyzes (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn and Fe) of the collected soil samples were made and evaluated with the pollution parameters. In the calculation of these parameters, enrichment factor (EF); geoaccumulation index (Igeo); contamination factor (CF) and pollution load indices (PLI) were used by using average shale values and crust values. Statistically obtained Cu values were calculated as minimum 25.2 ppm, maximum 79.7 ppm and average 45.2. Among the statistically analyzed elements; A high positive correlation was observed between Cd and Pb and Zn, Cr with Ni and Pb and Zn (p
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Fall Detection Systems Supported by TinyML and Accelerometer Sensors: An
           Approach for Ensuring the Safety and Quality of Life of the Elderly

    • Authors: Yeliz DURGUN
      Abstract: Many elderly individuals live alone in their homes, which can lead to significant health and safety concerns due to the risk of falls. Falls not only cause physical injuries but also have social, psychological, and economic impacts that negatively affect the quality of life for older adults. In this context, early detection of falls and implementation of preventive measures are of great importance. Edge computing-based fall detection systems have been developed to effectively address the safety of older adults in such situations. In the present study, a fall detection system is proposed that utilizes edge computing and TinyML technologies, operating on an embedded platform. This system is designed for the interpretation of accelerometer sensor data and processes the data collected through sensors to obtain valuable information. The Edge Impulse platform is used for training an extensive dataset consisting of various fall examples for older adults, allowing the proposed system to achieve a 98.5% recognition accuracy. This cost-effective and user-friendly novel approach combines a portable accelerometer sensor and artificial intelligence software to target early detection and prevention of falls in older adults. This study contributes significantly to the field of edge computing and provides effective solutions to enhance the quality of life for elderly individuals.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Determination of Current Status of The Criteria and Indicators Used in
           Rural Development Studies: The Case of Isparta Villages

    • Authors: Ahmet TOLUNAY; Omer Faruk EKEMEN
      Abstract: Rural development is the work aimed at improving rural local conditions that bring negative effects to human life. In rural development studies, the problems of rural communities are identified and defined, and suitable solutions are developed according to these problems. The problems encountered in rural development are determined within the framework of rural development indicators and the criteria that these indicators reflect. In this study, criteria and indicators that were used in the past in rural development practices and that should be added today have been determined. The study was carried out based on the villages of Isparta Province. According to the results of the research, it was determined that 4 social criteria and 38 indicators, 7 economic criteria and 32 indicators, 4 political criteria and 16 indicators, 4 environmental criteria and 15 indicators were used in rural development studies in the past. For today's rural development studies, 8 social criteria and 36 indicators, 6 economic criteria and 35 indicators, 6 political criteria and 21 indicators, 6 environmental criteria and 28 indicators have been determined.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
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