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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 201 - 265 of 265 Journals sorted by number of followers
Quantum Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Logo STI Science, Technology and Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Alfarama Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
The Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
RAC: Revista Angolana de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Revista de la Sociedad Científica del Paraguay     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Middle European Scientific Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Science & Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Indian Institute of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Big History     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
MUST : Journal of Mathematics Education, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
People and Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research Policy : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Saber Digital     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Alasmarya University     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
iScience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Science and Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rekayasa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South American Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BJHS Themes     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Científica de la Universidad Nacional del Este     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scientific Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Science Frontier Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Impact     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Research in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uluslararası Bilimsel Araştırmalar Dergisi (IBAD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientonomy : Journal for the Science of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Vivências em Ensino de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PENDIPA : Journal of Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Innovative Research and Scientific Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Futures & Foresight Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AAS Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rihan Journal for Scientific Publishing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Science and Technology Journal of Namibia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Türk Bilim ve Mühendislik Dergisi     Open Access  
ArtefaCToS : Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnología     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Sciences and Sustainable Development     Open Access  
Vilnius University Proceedings     Open Access  
Sciential     Open Access  
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access  
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access  
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for Pure Science     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Academic Research in Business, Arts & Science     Open Access  
Universidad, Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Terapan Universitas Jambi : JIITUJ     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Ludus Scientiae     Open Access  
Emergent Scientist     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports     Open Access  
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
Advances in Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Science     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Revista Binacional Brasil - Argentina: Diálogo entre as ciências     Open Access  
Revista Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Science (JSc)     Open Access  
WikiJournal of Science     Open Access  
Acta Materialia Transilvanica     Open Access  
Integrated Research Advances     Open Access  
Open Conference Proceedings Journal     Open Access  
Naturen     Full-text available via subscription  
Ekaia : EHUko Zientzia eta Teknologia aldizkaria     Open Access  
Sci     Open Access  
Maskana     Open Access  
Hoosier Science Teacher     Open Access  
Reports in Advances of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
Facets     Open Access  
Adıyaman University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Iniciação Científica     Open Access  
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Scientific African     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Engineering and Science     Open Access  
Fırat University Turkish Journal of Science & Technology     Open Access  
Gazi University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Computational and Experimental Science and Engineering (IJCESEN)     Open Access  
International Journal of Engineering, Technology and Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the National Research Centre     Open Access  
Uni-pluriversidad     Open Access  
ConCiencia     Open Access  
Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista Bases de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Elkawnie : Journal of Islamic Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
International Annals of Science     Open Access  
Science Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Avrasya Terim Dergisi     Open Access  
International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal     Open Access  
TÜBAV Bilim Dergisi     Open Access  
LOGIKA Jurnal Ilmiah Lemlit Unswagati Cirebon     Open Access  
Dalat University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Investigación Joven     Open Access  
Respuestas     Open Access  
Science Diliman     Open Access  
Instruments     Open Access  
Revista Científica y Tecnológica UPSE     Open Access  
HardwareX     Open Access  
Sultan Qaboos University Journal for Science     Open Access  
Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology     Open Access  
Sainstek : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Revista de Información Científica     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal Natural     Open Access  
Frontiers for Young Minds     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Nova     Open Access  
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Makara Journal of Science     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Dasar     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Jurnal Matematika, Sains, Dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online     Open Access  
ARO. The Scientific Journal of Koya University     Open Access  
International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT     Open Access  
Estação Científica (UNIFAP)     Open Access  
The Winnower     Open Access  

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Journal of the Indian Institute of Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.212
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0970-4140 - ISSN (Online) 0019-4964
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • A Review of Interface-Driven Adaptivity for Phase-Field Modeling of
           Fluid–Structure Interaction

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      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we systematically review interface-driven mesh adaptation procedures for the phase-field modeling of fluid–structure interaction problems. One of the popular ways of handling fluid–structure interaction problems involving large solid deformations is the fully Eulerian approach. In this procedure, we use a fixed computational grid over which a diffused interface description can be used to evolve the fluid–structure boundary. The Eulerian solid representation and a diffuse interface method necessitate the use of adaptive mesh refinement to achieve reasonable accuracy for the problem at hand. We explore the usage of mesh refinement techniques for such FSI problems and focus specifically on interface-driven adaptivity. We present comparisons among various error indicators for the adaptive procedure of the unstructured mesh. We finally explore some possible future directions and challenges in the field.
      PubDate: 2024-04-04
       
  • Bio-inspired Flapping Wing Aerodynamics: A Review

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      Abstract: Abstract The design of micro aerial vehicles has been long inspired by biological flyers such as birds and insects. The aerodynamic principles of flapping wing flights are complex due to the rapid wing motion and the inherent complex vortex dynamics. Several experimental and numerical investigations have been carried out in the past decades to uncover the mechanisms responsible for the improved aerodynamic capability of flapping wings. This paper provides an overview of the aerodynamics of flapping insect wings. After providing a brief overview of the aerodynamics of a single wing, we discuss how the vortex dynamics are altered in the case of tandem wings. A significant challenge to designing a stable MAV is the environmental effects stemming from the gust and ground presence. In this paper, we present how the force generation is altered due to such effects. Moreover, we point out unsolved research questions on insect flight whose answers could greatly help to improve the design of flapping wing MAVs.
      PubDate: 2024-04-04
       
  • Social Insects: An Evolutionary Journey into Cooperation

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      Abstract: Abstract This article is a primer on social insects, and includes salient features of eusociality, its evolution and characteristics of a few social insects. It introduces William Morton Wheeler’s landmark book “Social Life Among the Insects,” whose centenary year of publication inspired the theme of this special issue of the Journal of the Indian Institute of Science. It also gives a brief description of research on fascinating social insects being carried out in India, and how so much is yet to be explored.
      PubDate: 2023-12-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00418-0
       
  • An Indian Tribute to William Morton Wheeler

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      Abstract: Abstract William Morton Wheeler (1865–1937) was among the greatest experts on ants and his influence on the field of sociobiology, along with that of his academic grandson E.O. Wilson, is second to none. In 1923, Wheeler published his landmark book “Social Life Among the Insects” (Wheeler in Social Life among the Insects, Haracourt, Brace, New York, 1923), which marked the beginning of the modern study of insect societies. In this centenary year of its publication, we are honoured and proud to pay tribute to William Morton Wheeler.
      PubDate: 2023-12-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00416-2
       
  • Editor’s Desk

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      PubDate: 2023-12-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00417-1
       
  • A Tale of Two Wasps and Why We Should Listen to It

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      Abstract: Abstract Hymenopterans present a fascinating diversity of social organisation, from solitary individuals building unprotected nests like the potter wasps to the very complex and highly organised societies of honey bees and most ants. A large number of paper wasps have intermediate levels of social complexity, and are designated as primitively eusocial, as they lack a morphologically distinct queen caste. Nevertheless, they have behaviourally distinct queens and workers, and are excellent model systems for understanding the intermediate steps in the process of social evolution, from solitary to complex social systems. Of the many facets of social organisation, the regulation of work in the colony and the establishment and maintenance of reproductive monopoly are the two aspects that are the most intriguing to sociobiologists. Ropalidia marginata and Ropalidia cyathiformis are two species of closely related paper wasps that are found in peninsular India, in the same habitat, and have much overlap in their ecology and ethology. However, this duo is also an interesting study in contrast in several aspects of social behaviour. Hence, together, they present an excellent opportunity for comparative study, to identify crucial steps in social evolution. In this article, we provide an overview of a series of studies that have been conducted by Prof. Raghavendra Gadagkar and his team over 4 decades at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, to unravel the evolutionary tale that these two species together elucidate.
      PubDate: 2023-12-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00415-3
       
  • Getting Ants out of the Lab!

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      Abstract: Abstract This article provides an overview of the importance of outreach for biodiversity conservation and the author’s personal journey in promoting awareness about ants and their natural history, and conservation amongst the general public on ants. It also highlights the importance of educational materials such as books and posters which are important tools for outreach programmes. The article also highlights steps including Open Science that can be taken to increase outreach activities and contribute to the body of knowledge on social insects.
      PubDate: 2023-11-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00414-4
       
  • A Review of the Taxonomy, Biology and Distribution of the Social Wasps
           (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Indian Subcontinent

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      Abstract: Abstract A review of the taxonomy, biology and distribution of social wasps belonging to the subfamilies Vespinae, Polistinae and Stenogastrinae of the following 7 countries: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and the Maldives is provided here. In India, there are at least 104 species of social wasps out of about 1100 known species worldwide and they belong to 13 genera. Polistes is the largest genus with 42 species followed by the genus Ropalidia with 27 species. Each species is provided with its current taxonomic status, along with notes on ecology, biology and distribution on the Indian subcontinent. The study of social wasps is important in several ways, as they form valuable groups to understand the evolution of social life at different levels.
      PubDate: 2023-10-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00411-7
       
  • How India Changed My Ideas About Honey Bees

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      Abstract: Abstract Research on honey bees, one of the most famous social insects, has been largely limited to studies on Central European populations of the Western honey bee, Apis mellifera. Most researchers view the biology and social organization of this phylogenetically derived species as the blueprint for all honey bees, although there is accumulating evidence that several important characters are unique physiological or evolutionary adaptations to living in a temperate climate. The review presents a personal (re)collection of research efforts, ideas, and opinions on the neglected Asian honey bees. There are two major take-home messages: (1) it is of utmost importance that India and other tropical Asian countries increase their research efforts to study and conserve honey bees and other insect pollinators to sustain biodiversity and human nutritional demands, and (2) the study of the behavior of the phylogenetically ancestral Asian honey bees will provide us with a profound understanding of the structure and flexibility in the social organization of honey bees.
      PubDate: 2023-10-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00412-6
       
  • Correction: Effect of Milk and Cultured Milk Products on Type 2 Diabetes:
           A Global Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies
           

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      PubDate: 2023-10-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00413-5
       
  • Comparative Psychophysics of Colour Preferences and Colour Learning in
           Bees with Special Focus on Asian Social Bees

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      Abstract: Abstract Several interesting facets of bee behaviour have fascinated the human mind since historical times. Prominent amongst them is their interaction with flowers, symbolising the mutualistic nature of this relationship. In their search for flowers, bees are known to fly far from a central place—the nest or the hive—and employ multiple sensory systems, in which visual cues, especially colour plays a critical role. A lot of what we know about the visual ecology of bees, comes from just two out of more than 20,000 bee species worldwide—the Western honeybee Apis mellifera and the buff-tailed bumblebee, Bombus terrestris. The tropics abound in bee diversity, yet woefully little is known about the behaviour and sensory ecology of tropical bees. Here, we summarise over a decade of our work on the colour preferences, colour learning and detection thresholds for colour stimuli in tropical Asian honeybees and stingless bee species. More such studies on the sensory ecology of tropical bees are essential to understand how floral traits, of which colour is salient, influences bee–flower interactions and how these interactions shaped the structure of tropical plant–pollinator networks.
      PubDate: 2023-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00386-5
       
  • Beekeeping for Sustainable Economic Development of India: Challenges and
           Opportunities

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      Abstract: Abstract Apiculture, in conjunction with agriculture, offers great scope for income generation through beekeeping. Pollinators provide pollination services that are crucial for enhancing crop productivity and sustaining ecosystem services. Honeybees are the important pollinators of various fruits, vegetables, oilseeds, pulses and fibre crops. In order to achieve sufficient pollination to improve productivity of crops, beekeeping industry needs encouragement. In addition to providing valuable products like honey, beeswax, nectar, pollen, propolis, royal jelly and other products, beekeeping helps to provide additional source of income and employment generation to rural masses. As per estimates only 10% of the existing potential for beekeeping has been utilized in the country and there is much untapped potential. India has a potential of over 200 million bee colonies as against 3.4 million colonies at present which can provide employment to over 6 million rural families. Organised honey collection using modern techniques can provide additional 120,000 tons of honey and 10,000 tons of beeswax from the forests. This can provide employment to 5 million tribal families. Increasing honeybee colonies shall not only increase production of bee products but aso will ensure sustainability of food production through enhanced agricultural and horticultural crop production. Beekeeping industry and its expansion faces several challenges which need to be addressed to make this industry more profitable.
      PubDate: 2023-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00374-9
       
  • Building Castles on the Ground: Conversations Between Ecologists and
           Engineers

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      Abstract: Abstract The architectural feats of termites and their farming capabilities have been admired by biologists, engineers and architects and have inspired writers including early natural historians. South India is endowed with termite mud castles; their seeming impregnability threw up intellectual challenges, initiating conversations between biologists and engineers. The biologists were interested in how termites kept their farmed basidiomycete fungus free from parasites and discovered experimentally that termites can sniff out parasitic ascomycete fungi, proceed to anoint them with broad-spectrum fungicides and bury them resulting in mortality-yielding anoxia. High levels of humidity and carbon dioxide inside soil nests are conducive to the growth of parasitic fungi whose density is likely actively supressed by eradication of incipient foci of parasite growth by the termite farmers. The engineers were interested in how the mound acquired its strength, stability and longevity while allowing gas exchange. They discovered that the safety factor of termite mounds is very high, that termite-manipulated soil achieves great strength and weathering resistance, that termites manipulate the water content of soil between its plastic and liquid limits and that mounds have a more porous exterior shell and a less porous core. Dialogues between biologists and engineers have enabled insights into the bio-engineering aspects of animal-built architecture. The natural biological constraints of the termite builders (e.g. size, load-carrying ability in relation to particle grain size, caste) and available material (red soil containing organic matter) in the presence of water have been realistically incorporated into modelling the greenhouses that harbour termites and their crops.
      PubDate: 2023-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00372-x
       
  • Marching with Ants to a New Nest: Colony Composition and Relocation
           Dynamics of Diacamma indicum

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      Abstract: Abstract In this review, we journey with Diacamma indicum a Ponerine ant over the past decade as they relocate to new nests and discover the challenges they face along the way and how they solve them. Colony relocation is a goal-oriented dynamic task that involves all the colony members and impacts the colonies’ fitness. After explaining how I [SA] initiated this journey, we examine colony composition of this species by analysing data from 1200 colonies collected over the past 13 years. On average colonies contain 89.35 (Standard Deviation = 38.79) adult females, 0.29 (SD = 1.19) males and 56.6 (SD = 42.53) brood items of different development stages and these were significantly impacted by seasonality such that pre-monsoon colonies had the highest numbers. After explaining how colonies are collected and maintained in the lab, we explore the architecture of the subterrain nests in the natural habitat. Colonies live in relatively simple single-chambered nests that do not change significantly across seasons and consist of an entrance tunnel and a secondary runoff tunnel. All members of the colony are recruited to the new nest site by tandem running and this species shows the highest documented tandem running speeds at 4.35 body lengths per second and a path efficiency of 83.95% with only 2.4% of tandem runs being unsuccessful in the natural habitat. Even in lab conditions, when colonies are given defined paths of different lengths, colonies showed significant preference to travel through short paths, highlighting their ability to optimize their path even in the absence of chemical trails. A combination of experiments in the natural habitat and controlled experiments in the lab which are anchored in the umwelt of the organism has enabled us to understand how D. indicum functions and has revealed the selective forces that are operating on the organization and performances of relocation. Our journey has brought to light answers to several questions but has also opened up several more avenues for exploration, branching out in different directions. With time and dedicated minds, we hope to continue on this route to marvel at and unravel the achievements of these superorganisms.
      PubDate: 2023-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00373-w
       
  • A Review of Our Meagre Knowledge of Asian Polistes, and a Call for More
           Studies

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      Abstract: Abstract Polistes is considered as one of the most widely and abundantly distributed, speciose genera of primitively eusocial wasps. The biology and behaviour of Polistes have been crucial to understanding the cooperation and conflicts among the nest members and have contributed greatly to our understanding of the functionality and evolution of eusociality. However, despite the wide geographical distribution, our perception of the genus has been shaped largely by the studies on the temperate species of Polistes. The diversity of Polistes species in Asia has been reflected through taxonomic reports but their nesting biology and behaviour are mostly unknown. Empirical studies on their behaviour in response to alternate conditions, like experimental removal of the queens, availability of extra food, etc. are also rare. The geographical origin of Polistes is also disputed. The speculation that Polistes originated in oriental regions can neither be confirmed nor refuted due to the lack of knowledge on Asian Polistes. Such missing information creates a large lacuna in our understanding of the origin and routes of dispersal of the genus. Here, we review the scattered studies on Asian Polistes and attempt to summarise and analyse the available taxonomic, behavioural and phylogenetic information. To date, 76 Polistes species have been reported from 31 Asian countries, out of which Vietnam, India and Japan have the maximum numbers of species. We also review the available behavioural studies on Polistes, mostly qualitative and conducted in Japan to show how these can provide a different perspective on Polistes biology. We also try to point out the major questions that need to be answered to get a broader overview of Asian Polistes. We suggest that more behavioural and phylogenetic studies on various species of Asian Polistes could provide the answers to questions like the geographic origin of the species, the evolution of hibernation (reproductive diapause) in the species, the diversification of nest founding strategies, the queen control on worker reproduction, etc.
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00402-8
       
  • Recruitment Strategies and Foraging Patterns of Ants: What Shapes Them and
           Why'

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      Abstract: Abstract The effectiveness of procuring food by any ant colony depends upon the strategies adopted while recruiting the foragers to fetch food and the geometry of paths that these recruited foragers employ for searching and harvesting the food. This paper analyzes these recruitment strategies and search paths adopted by ants, and attempts a synthesis of the possible evolutionary process shaping them. Ants exhibit a wide range of recruitment strategies that differ in the size of the foraging team and the interactions among its members. It is shown that these diverse strategies are strongly associated with the size of the ant colony. Small colonies recruit individual foragers, while large colonies recruit foragers en mass; moderate size colonies exhibit a mix of these strategies. This association between the colony size and foraging group is argued to be a consequence of the crisis in processing information in large colonies. While in small colonies, collective decisions to recruit individuals (and small groups) can be easily arrived at, by the ants at the colony level, in large colonies, the tsunami of information flow in space and time creates a crisis for integrating and processing the data. As a result, the task of recruitment is inevitably shifted from the nest level to the foraging paths where individuals are entrusted to self-recruit based on the information gathered by them; this leads to a seamless and spatially dynamic recruitment of workers resulting in an en mass foraging strategy. Further, the size of the recruited team is also shown to be shaping the geometry of the foraging paths. While individual foragers search and harvest food in a circular or sinusoidal movement pattern, the en mass foragers adopt trails or columns that grow and branch out in a bifurcating system. These foraging paths adopted by different group sizes are shown to be very effective in ‘managing’ the complex substrates they forage on, and also to be very efficient in maximizing the benefit-to-cost ratios of foraging.
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00403-7
       
  • Surviving in the Himalayas: A Story of Endurance in Ants

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      Abstract: Abstract The Himalayan Mountain system is a hotspot of biodiversity and harbors endemic flora and fauna. Different groups of organisms have speciated and proliferated in its abode. Ants of genus Myrmica are one such group whose diversification coincides with the formation of Himalayas. The species of this group are cold hardy and have adopted several survival strategies to cope with the harsh environmental conditions. The odyssey from egg to queen in Myrmica species takes about 1.5 years as these species must over-winter twice to complete its journey. Apart from their life cycle, these species form associations with other ant species residing in Himalayas, which are termed as social parasitism. From getting food from other ant species to raiding their nests for brood to manipulating worker force of host for its well-being are some of the associations observed in these Himalayan ants. A detailed account of natural history of Himalayan Myrmica species is provided herewith.
      PubDate: 2023-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00408-2
       
  • Editor’s Desk

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      PubDate: 2023-09-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00409-1
       
  • Special Issue on Astrochemistry and Astrobiology

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      PubDate: 2023-08-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00407-3
       
  • Suzanne Wellington Tubby Batra: A Life Dedicated to Pollen Bees

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      Abstract: Abstract Insect sociobiology is the research field that focusses on how and why some lineages of insects abandoned their solitary life styles to live in social groups. The simplest insect social groups are herds, groups of individuals that live together for a portion of their lives, sometimes cooperating with each other, and even helping to rear each other’s offspring. Figuring out the advantages and disadvantages of cooperation and group living is one of the primary research foci in insect sociobiology. Almost any student of animal behaviour or entomology has heard about eusocial insects, especially the best known eusocial insects, namely honeybees, ants, and termites that live in large colonies composed of one or a few queens and hundreds, thousands or even millions of workers. In eusocial societies, most eggs are laid by queens but the work of raising the brood that develop from those eggs, is done by workers. What many scientists and other enthusiasts of social insects do not realize, is that the original meaning of the term eusocial was different and that it was coined by a pioneering entomologist, Dr. Suzanne Batra, almost 60 years ago. Batra’s contributions to sociobiology were often overlooked, as happened to many women scientists of the time, but in recent years, her contributions to sociobiology have achieved increased and long overdue recognition.
      PubDate: 2023-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s41745-023-00375-8
       
 
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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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Alfarama Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
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The Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
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Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
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Middle European Scientific Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
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Journal of the Indian Institute of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
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Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
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Jurnal Matematika, Sains, Dan Teknologi     Open Access  
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ARO. The Scientific Journal of Koya University     Open Access  
International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT     Open Access  
Estação Científica (UNIFAP)     Open Access  
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