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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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Scientific Bulletin
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1224-5178 - ISSN (Online) 2451-3148
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Developing Intercultural Communication Competence in Romanian Military

    • Abstract: Currently, the Romanian military students are part of a military organization that is transparent and open to knowledge, innovation and cooperation, where intercultural mediation and interaction with different cultures is fostered. Interculturality brings with it a new matrix of communication, which implies an opening from interpersonal and social communication to intercultural communication. And the military educational environment must have the capacity to develop and refine intercultural communication competence and to overcome the communication barriers that the young soldier encounters. A paradigm shift is needed in which the Self and the other are complementary. The research presents on the basis of literature the concept of intercultural culture and communication as well as the defining elements for communication competence and intercultural communication competence. To achieve the proposed objectives empirical research based on observation and analysis will be conducted. The development of intercultural communication competence in the military environment implies the ability to negotiate cultural meanings and value system, the cultivation of a tolerant, open and permissive attitude to diversity.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Comparative Analysis Between High Level Architecture (HLA) and Service
           Oriented Architecture (SOA) in the Field of Military Modelling and

    • Abstract: Modelling and simulation is a major area of interest for states and international organizations in the context of the operational environment characterized by complexity, dynamism and unpredictability. At the moment, in NATO, the standard architecture for the field of modelling and simulation is High Level Architecture (HLA), but lately the concept of Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) has aroused the interest of specialists within the Alliance. In this paper, a comparative analysis is performed between the two types of architectures in order to determine the optimal variant for the field of military modelling and simulation. Following the analysis, it was concluded that a combined approach of the two types of architectures is needed to maximize the efficiency of modelling and simulation applications.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Supply Chain and Logistics Management in Public Health Surveillance and
           Protection during COVID-19

    • Abstract: COVID-19 shed light on the vulnerability of United States public health logistics and supply change management infrastructure concerning pandemic testing, tracking, and response. Logistics management challenges related to virus testing and tracking have made the critical need for more innovative and more comprehensive healthcare surveillance approaches. Public health surveillance is a critical and often underutilized aspect of public health logistics and supply chain infrastructure planning. Wastewater treatment infrastructures offer an innovative approach to gaining public health data to provide appropriate public health responses. Understanding the logistics and supply chain aspects of virus tracking, testing, and response data-driven response decision making are the key to mitigating the impact of future outbreaks. This project explores the utility of this approach through qualitative focus group interviewing to gain information from public health subject matter experts in the field.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Investigating Cloud Computing Misconfiguration Errors using the Human
           Factors Analysis and Classification System

    • Abstract: As organizations raced to leverage cloud computing to capitalize on its economic and flexible computing capacity, misconfiguration errors ascended to unprecedented levels. One security expert noted observing over 230 million misconfigurations daily. Cloud misconfiguration errors are problematic as malicious actors continually pursue missteps to gain unauthorized access. The complexity of cloud computing coupled with increased cloud usage and the lack of cloud expertise result in misconfiguration errors which are human errors. Leveraging the human factors analysis and classification system (HFACS) provides a framework for identifying and preventing causal pathways for misconfiguration errors. In cloud computing, practitioners can explore the linkages of the hierarchical levels and decision-making at each level that influences and enable the misconfigurations. Human errors in cybersecurity are rampant, and HFACS could provide comprehensive analyses to highlight how errors, mistakes, and violations propagate misconfiguration errors – a current blind spot in cloud computing.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Computer – Aided Strategic Deployment Planning and Execution Process

    • Abstract: In the current politico-military context, the digitalization of processes and the use of automated tools for data collection, analysis and dissemination have an important contribution during the planning and decision-making process. In this paper, my intention is to analyze the operational forces deployment planning and executing processes, and to identify how the digitalization and the use of dedicated computer applications can enhance these activities. In order to achieve these goals, in addition to analyzing relevant documents in the field, I chose to apply the case study research method. Thus, my attention focused on the study of military operations executed by modern armies, to identify important lessons in the stated field of interest. Even though the studied operations (Iraqi Freedom and Desert Shield / Storm) were performed two, respectively three decades ago, their relevance in the field of deployment is still valuable, fact highlighted by the actual applicability of the lessons depicted from these two events.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Intersections of Telemedicine / Telehealth and Cybersecurity: The Age of
           Resilience and COVID-19

    • Abstract: The telemedicine and telehealth industry regenerates to fast-track the COVID-19 pandemic. Preliminary 2020 data suggests a 2,532 % surge in healthcare aid provided equated to the 2019 March through June timeframe. While telemedicine technology offers a variety of benefits, it is vulnerable to cyber threats. Countrywide stay-put mandates swiftly intensified telemedicine/telehealth from an auspicious novelty to becoming fundamental precedence. The industry is consistently besieged by a deluge of convalescents, restrained supplies, allotting, and additional encounters because of COVID-19. Cybersecurity leaders and healthcare establishments had to promptly change their IT resources, timetables, and work ranges to leverage prevailing technologies and propel healthcare providers and convalescents, adapted to the novel healthcare delivery services and enhanced changes. Telehealth, an integral part of delivering convalescent care, has multiplied healthcare offerorsʼ digital traces and cybersecurity hacks, as evidenced through endpoint security and the amplification of conclusions per telemedicine/telehealth sphere. COVID-19 reveals the junctions of cybersecurity and telehealth as a worst-case scenario for modernistic interpretations regarding healthcares’ cybersecurity guidance. The findings of this research provides awareness to understand if leaders at all levels aid in preventing cyber-attacks, thwarting ransom attacks, and indicating that healthcare organizations must adopt a cyber resilience plan.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Earnings Management and Company Characteristics: Empirical Evidence from
           Algerian Companies

    • Abstract: This paper attempts to analyze the impact of some Algerian companies’ characteristics (size, activity sector, property, listing, and nature of financial statements) on the level of earnings management. The research employed 117 observations for 26 Algerian companies from 2016 to 2020 and used a multiple linear regression model and discretionary accounting accruals to measure earnings management. According to the findings, earnings management in Algeria is explained by the companies’ sizes, activity sectors, and stock market listing. However, the nature of financial statements and the ownership of the companies do not affect earnings management. These results are beneficial for regulators and auditors since they provide empirical evidence about the characteristics of companies that manipulate earnings. Consequently, they can enable them to take appropriate actions to enhance the quality of financial reports, whether when developing and reviewing accounting standards by regulators or when examining financial information by auditors.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Considerations Regarding the Organization and Development of Night
           Tactical Training at the “Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy

    • Abstract: The present study aims to demonstrate the thesis that, in a future conflict, in which there is predominantly a wide range of military missions, it is necessary to study the military actions that can be carried out at night, and presents the directions of action for the efficient equipping and training of the military students from the “Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy for the successful management of these types of operations.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Contributions to the Calculation and Testing of Explosive Materials to
           Improve Blast Protection Equipment

    • Abstract: The experience of recent years shows us in very clear terms that in areas where small or large-scale military conflicts have taken place, a wide variety of standardized or improvised explosive devices are discovered and continue to be used. Due to their predominantly improvised nature, the methods and techniques of countering the authorities are extremely difficult, with a high degree of complexity and not without risks. The paper should be a concrete and scientifically based support for the efforts to find the best solutions for individual protection against explosions, through the contribution of knowledge in the field of the effect of the explosion on a metal pipe.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Automatic Identification of Products – A Way of Streamlining the
           Logistical Support of the Military Unit

    • Abstract: The new products provided by the development of information technology (scanners, barcodes, RFIDs, etc.) can currently provide methods and techniques towards achieving important savings in terms of management of logistical support of military units, especially in terms of efficiency in providing material goods to combat forces that are preparing and training through military exercises. I set out to make an “x-ray” of this way of improving the logistical support, especially through the method of identification by labels that use radiofrequency (Radio Frequency Identification/RFID).
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • The Impact of Some Emerging Technologies in Modern Military Actions

    • Abstract: Among the emerging technologies, artificial intelligence represents nowadays an area of interest for all of the states around the world, making the technological progress a huge step in human evolution. The future role of the man in military actions will not be to fight in the field anymore, making decisions on how and when to use the weapons in order to stop the incoming enemy while also respecting the international laws. With the help of technology, humanity could provide its much needed security and put an end to conflicts regardless of their nature, because devices are not capable of emotions and subjectivism, making them transparent and objective and transforming the decision making process into a simpler, fairer and legal action. Technology represents the future and man should adapt to it as soon as possible in order to reach the best outcomes even when it comes to war.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Cybersecurity Leaders: Knowledge Driving Human Capital Development

    • Abstract: Cybersecurity leaders must be able to use critical reading and thinking skills, exercise judgment when policies are not distinct and precise, and have the knowledge, skills, and abilities to tailor technical and planning data to diverse customers’ levels of understanding. Ninety-three percent of cybersecurity leaders do not report directly to the chief operating officer. While status differences influence interactions amid groups, attackers are smarter. With the aim of protecting organizations and reducing risk, knowledge about security must increase. Understanding voids are costly and increased breach chances are imminent. Burning questions exist. What are needed technological learnings for cybersecurity leaders to become smarter and remain ahead of attackers' How might these technologies hasten the understanding of the ‘what,’ ‘how,’ and ‘why’ reasons and key drivers for organizational behaviors. This article offers comparative analyses for cybersecurity leaders to engage in the questioning of practices, scrutinize entrenched assumptions about technology, customary practices, and query technology’s outputs by pursuing to comprehend all assumptions that could influence operations. Because understanding continues to rely upon progressively multifaceted epistemic technologies, outcomes of the research suggest that the salience of status distinctions is of central significance to the development of ongoing and proactive technological learning and up scaling solutions.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Consideration on the Covid-19 Pandemic and the New Challenges of
           Organizational Management

    • Abstract: There are growing concerns about the continued spread of the COVID -19 pandemic around the world and the challenge of keeping the rate of spread low in other parts of the world. Governments, employers, workers and unions face enormous challenges in combating the COVID -19 pandemic and ensuring worker safety and health in the workplace.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Equal Opportunities Through Education

    • Abstract: An inclusive society is a society that offers its members equal opportunities to participate in all aspects of public life, without discrimination, by exercising rights and assuming responsibilities so that progress is equally desired by the individuals and the society to which they belong. The human personality is formed by the interaction of the biological (heredity) with the factors of the social environment and under the influence of education. That is why it is necessary for education to be a modeling continuum, a process that begins in the family and is continued in school, the nucleus around which the free, independent, creative personalities of future adults will be formed. Today’s children are tomorrow’s adults, the ones who will make their mark on the future society. Whether tomorrow’s society will be an inclusive society or whether it will raise barriers and generate hostility depends on how we form the young generation today. This exploratory research, based on the analysis of official documents, statistics and concrete data of the observed reality, highlights important aspects regarding the access to education of disadvantaged groups, in a society that wants to be inclusive.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Changes in the Buying Behaviour of the Companies within the Context of the
           Digital Environment

    • Abstract: The social and business environments have changed greatly in the last two years, in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic and the condition of increased adoption of the digital based activities in the everyday lives of the company. New tools and activities, like “remote working”, “online interaction”, “video conferences” are just some of the new tools that have changed the Business-to-Business (B2B) marketing and buying behaviour landscape and made it jump from the traditional to the current and possibly the future approach. The current paper tracks some of the changes that have occurred in the Business-to-Business marketing environment, while underlining the effects he shift to digital has had on the business consumers and on their buying behaviour, being sustained by several secondary data analyses resulted from current reports, which are the basis for developing successful B2B marketing strategies and tactics.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Social Dimensions of the Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Labor

    • Abstract: Undoubtedly, the double (health and economic) crisis generated by the SARS-CoV-2 virus is felt on the labor market of each state, regardless of the level of development. Among the actors acting on the labor market, those who fully feel the effects of the pandemic are the employers and, implicitly, their employees. The article highlights some of the forms and social dimensions of the impact while emphasizing the relations with the specifics of the economy and the vulnerabilities existing on the market before the outbreak of the crisis.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Communicative Teaching – An Efficient Approach to Foreign Language

    • Abstract: The present article focuses on Communicative Teaching as an efficient approach to foreign language teaching and learning. Nowadays, the role of the teacher is no longer to offer models to be learnt or descriptions of the foreign language, but mostly to create a climate in the classroom that will enable students to learn by getting involved in activities and working on tasks. Moreover, it is no longer expected that the teacher dominates the whole work in the classroom. Their role is to set up activities and conditions that will enable students to use the foreign language as they have a great interest in the outcome of the tasks. Therefore, the teacher’s success is closely related to their ability to stimulate the students’ interests.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Physical Activities and their Characteristics During Pandemic Times

    • Abstract: In this paper we wanted to present some aspects and characteristics observed in the specialized works and from the experience gained in performing physical activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. This period was a complicated one both in terms of physical distancing and emotionally. We no longer had the right to leave our houses, except to get what was strictly necessary, not to meet with family members or friends, cultural and sports activities were suspended, and all this caused an increasingly visible state of sedentary lifestyle. All the restrictions of this period had a negative effect mainly on the brain and the dynamics of the human body, and they are detailed in the following pages.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Conceptual Frameworks and Theoretical Models for the Psychological
           Selection of Future Officers

    • Abstract: The objective of this paper is to present the approaches to the elaboration of psychological profiles of military forces and specialties and the choice of the theoretical model that underlies the elaboration/selection of psychological assessment tools. The theoretical models underpinning the psychological assessment activity have been extensively studied and conclusive scientific data and evidence have been obtained in empirical studies conducted over several years. For example, the multiple intelligences model, which accepts that people have different and distinct cognitive strengths and styles, highlights and takes into account the most representative psychological characteristics of the person being assessed in order to propose the most optimal match with the requirements of the military branch/specialty in which he/she can develop.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Considerations on the Impact of Emerging and Disruptive Technologies on
           Security Policies

    • Abstract: The issue of the impact of emerging and disruptive technologies on security policy is a major concern of the North Atlantic Treaty Alliance. This is also demonstrated by the meeting between the Board members and the newly-established Advisory Group for Emerging and Disruptive Technologies, consisting of top experts in the fields of Cyber, Artificial Intelligence, Quantum Computing, Big Data, Space, Robotics and Autonomous or Biotechnological Systems, to find new synergies between NATO, the private, governmental and academic sectors and to maintain the technological supremacy of the Alliance. At the same time, the fact that the Romanian Army has mastered the defining elements of the impact of emerging and disrupted technologies on security policy and acts to make them operational is demonstrated by the meeting of July 12, 2021, of the Minister of National Defense, Nicolae-Ionel Ciuca with Heidi Grant, director of the US Defense and Security Cooperation Agency, on which occasion Romania received from the US the name of “Dependable Undertaking (DU)” under which contracts for the purchase of military equipment can be concluded without any payment in advance. Based on these elements, we would like to continue to talk about some aspects of innovation in dual military technologies, such as the influence of emerging and disruptive technologies on the organization and use of the armed forces. The research method undertaken consisted in identifying bibliographic resources, studying them, drawing relevant conclusions and formulating points of view on the impact of emerging and disruptive technologies on security policies.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
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