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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 265 Journals sorted by number of followers
Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4908)
Scientific American     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 493)
Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 241)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 163)
Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 82)
Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Science Advances     Free   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Scientometric Research     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Studies in Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Scienze Regionali : Italian Journal of Regional Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Scientific American Mind     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Data Curation Profiles Directory     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Issues in Science & Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Enhancing Learning in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Royal Society Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Malawi Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Scientific Data     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
SINET : Ethiopian Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Diversity Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Tanzania Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
The Social Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Theoria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Східно-Європейський журнал передових технологій : Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South East European University Review (SEEU Review)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nordic Studies in Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Science & Diplomacy     Free   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
South African Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Advanced Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Natural Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nuncius     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Digithum     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
TECNOSCIENZA: Italian Journal of Science & Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Springer Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
New Directions in the Teaching of Physical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Politique et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ingenieria y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigacion y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
OmniScience : A Multi-disciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
National Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Afrique Science : Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fontanus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Образование и наука     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
THEORIA : An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Heliyon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Theoria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista MundoFesc     Open Access  
Butlletí de la Institució Catalana d'Història Natural     Open Access  
Innovare : Revista de ciencia y tecnología     Open Access  
Revista Científica de la FAREM     Open Access  
Mutis     Open Access  
Ruhuna Journal of Science     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknosains     Open Access  
Revista Logos Ciencia & Tecnología     Open Access  
World Scientific Research     Open Access  
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Apuntes de Ciencia & Sociedad     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access  
Jurnal MIPA     Open Access  
Unnes Science Education Journal     Open Access  
Scholedge International Journal of Multidisciplinary & Allied Studies     Open Access  
Selforganizology     Open Access  
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access  
Revista Catarinense da Ciência Contábil     Open Access  
Reviews in Theoretical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Temas y Debates     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Universitas (León)     Open Access  
Seminário de Iniciação Científica e Seminário Integrado de Ensino, Pesquisa e Extensão     Open Access  
ScienceRise     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Didaktik der Naturwissenschaften     Hybrid Journal  
Simbiótica     Open Access  
Open Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Revista UNIMAR     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review     Open Access  
Revista UniVap     Open Access  
Ithaca : Viaggio nella Scienza     Open Access  
Sakarya Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Communications in Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Ciencia Amazónica (Iquitos)     Open Access  
Smart Science     Open Access  
Science World Journal     Open Access  
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Población y Desarrollo - Argonautas y caminantes     Open Access  
Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science     Open Access  
MethodsX     Open Access  
Journal of Unsolved Questions     Open Access  
Journal of Science of the University of Kelaniya Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Metode & Forskningsdesign     Open Access  
International Archives of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Sciences du jeu     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Investigación UNED     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
Ciencia Ergo Sum     Open Access  
Scientific World     Open Access  
Comunicata Scientiae     Open Access  
Uniciencia     Open Access  
SAINSTIS     Open Access  
Diálogos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Journal of Taibah University for Science     Open Access  
Journal of Integrated Science and Technology     Open Access  
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Science     Open Access  
QScience Connect     Open Access  
Einstein (São Paulo)     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
InterSciencePlace     Open Access  
Trilogía     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
BIBECHANA     Open Access  
The Scientific World Journal     Open Access  
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Revista Sociedad y Economía     Open Access  
Revista Cientifica Guillermo de Ockham     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Universitas Scientiarum     Open Access  
Interface Focus     Full-text available via subscription  
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, The     Full-text available via subscription  
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
UNED Research Journal / Cuadernos de Investigación UNED     Open Access  
Journal of King Saud University - Science     Open Access  
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Transactions of Tianjin University     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science)     Hybrid Journal  
Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe     Open Access  
TD : The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa     Open Access  

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Nepal Journal of Science and Technology
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1994-1412
Published by Nepal Journals Online Homepage  [155 journals]
  • NJST - Board Member

    • Authors: NJST Editorial
      Abstract: N/A
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Table of Content

    • Authors: NJST Editorial
      Abstract: N/A
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Editorial Message

    • Authors: Sunil Babu Shrestha
      Abstract: N/A
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • List of Reviewers and Editors

    • Authors: Editorial Team
      Abstract: N/A
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Isolation and Characterization of Plant Growth promoting Rhizobacteria
           from Bamboo Rhizosphere and Their Role in Plant Growth Promotion

    • Authors: Bishnu Maya K.C, Janardan Lamichhane, Dhurva Prasad Gauchan, Sanjay Nath Khanal
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a group of root-associated bacteria that intimately interact with the plant roots and consequently enhance growth by extemporising nutrient retrieval or phytohormone production. We isolated and screened indigenous phosphate solubilising and auxinproducing PGPR from bamboo rhizosphere. 66 soil samples from bamboo (Bambusa nutans subsp. cupulata, B. balcooa and B. tulda) rhizospheres were collected from Dhanusha, Mahottari and Sarlahi districts, Nepal. 120 isolates of PGPR were obtained by serial dilution method in (PVK) agar and Luria Bertani agar. 92 out of 120 isolates of PGPR with the ability to solubilise phosphate were selected based on the halo colony ratio in PVK agar medium and auxin production in Luria Bertani agar. Among them, six isolates having high phosphate solubilising index and high production capacity of indole-3-acetic acid were further screened. Biochemical analysis revealed that these isolates belonged to the genus Pseudomonas. Phosphate solubilising index and indole-3- acetic acid production by six isolates ranged from 4.19±0.8 to 7.65±1.3, and IAA production ranged from 72.93±0.2 to 82.48±0.9µg/ml respectively. These isolates significantly increased shoot length (13.26±0.56cm), shoot fresh weight (16.26±1.02mg), shoot dry weight (10.56±0.09mg), root length (4.9±0.5cm), root fresh weight (7.56±1.05mg), root dry weight (3.21±0.01mg), and chlorophyll ‘a’ and chlrophyll‘b’ and carotenoid (2.16±0.01mg/g, 1.19±0.06mg/g and 0.92±0.01mg/g respectively) of B. nutans subsp. cupulata seedlings. This study suggests that PGPR isolated from bamboo rhizosphere demonstrated outstanding contribution to the growth promotion of seedlings of B. nutans subsp. cupulata as compared to negative control.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49908
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • In vitro Induction and Proliferation of Callus in Piper longum L. Through
           Leaf Culture

    • Authors: Bijaya Pant, Chandra Bahadur Thapa, Krishna Kumar Pant, Hari Datta Bhattarai
      Pages: 13 - 22
      Abstract: Piper longum L. (Family Piperaceae) is a well- known health promoter used to treat cough, chronic bronchitis, asthma, and diabetes mellitus. The study is aimed to develop a protocol for callus induction and proliferation in P. longum. The leaf explants from mature plants were cultured on an MS basal medium supplemented with various concentrations of plant growth hormones, viz. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D), Kinetin (KN), 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP), and α-Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), as well as 10% coconut water. In primary culture, the callus was compact and light white. The best callus induction and growth were observed in the MS basal medium containing1.0 mg/L 2,4-D+ 2.0 mg/L KN at 12 weeks of primary culture. At eight weeks of secondary culture, the MS medium containing 2.0 mg/L BAP alone and 0.5 mg/L NAA + 2.0 mg/L BAP and 10% coconut water had the best callus proliferation. Compared to 2,4-D and KN alone, BAP alone supported rapid callus growth in the MS medium. In P. longum, large-scale callus formation from leaf explants could be exploited to produce, isolate, and increase bioactive secondary metabolites for therapeutic purposes.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49892
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Soil Carbon Fluxes and Sensitivity Analysis – A Study in Pinus
           roxburghii Forest

    • Authors: Deepa Dhital, Bikash Gosain, Sanu Raja Maharjan
      Pages: 23 - 36
      Abstract: The predicted increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) level is responsive to altering the future climate, and a small change in the soil carbon may significantly affect the forest carbon cycle and climate system. Soil respiration (SR) and its influencing factors like soil temperature (ST), soil water content (SWC) and surface litter-fall were measured monthly over one year in a sub-tropical Pine (Pinus roxburghii) forest of Bhaktapur district located in central Nepal to determine the SR of the forest and, its variations and sensitivity. The results showed that SR varied to the changes in ST by an exponential significant positive correlation between them. The optimum SR was observed between 10 and 22ºC, and the highest SR were obtained above ST at 20ºC. The temperature sensitivity value of SR (Q10) was estimated at Q10 = 2.13. The significant exponential curve represented the effect of SWC on SR. The higher SR rate was mostly measured between 10 and 25% SWC. The monthly and seasonal variations of the SR rate were consistent with the ST, SWC and litter-fall variations. The study showed that the combined effect of temperature and precipitation might be the major cause of SR variations; however, ST is adequate for increasing SR. Hence, the warming further enhances carbon emission from the forest floor and inversely increases carbon to contribute to climatic change through this pine-dominated forest stand structure.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49909
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Development of Numerical Modeling for Finding Reflection and Transmission
           Coefficients in an Engineering Learning Paradigm of Computational Thinking

    • Authors: Ikram E Khuda
      Pages: 37 - 44
      Abstract: In electromagnetics and antenna engineering, reflection and transmission coefficients are important parameters to be evaluated statistically and numerically to obtain effective computer simulations. This paper proposes a pedagogy to understand the development methodology of numerical reflection and transmission coefficient models. The proposed method employs relatively easy mathematics instead of the conventional ways that use difficult mathematics. These are then simulated as computer models. The study in this paper included a medium comprising of air and glass placed in it. Firstly, the region was divided into a gridded structure where the grids were mathematically formulated. Points on the grid were distinguished between different media using electrical permittivity and conductivity. The grids included boundary conditions and electric field wave propagation through them. Both boundary conditions and field equations were numerically modelled and discretized using the finite difference method with a proportional h2 error. This method provided a system of linear equations, which were then solved linearly to obtain the required reflection and transmission coefficients. An important aspect of the presented work is to provide an example approach for computational thinking (CT), which is now considered an important part of any engineering curriculum
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49959
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Identification of Cucurbit Fruit Flies and Their Relative Attractiveness
           to Different Cues and Releasers

    • Authors: K Chiluwal, E Shrestha, S Devkota, K Shrestha, S Sigdel, A Khanal, RB Basnet, B Upadhyay
      Pages: 45 - 56
      Abstract: Tephritids are the major challenges for fruit and fleshy vegetable growers of the tropics and subtropics. Nepal also incurs huge losses of fruits and vegetables to the tephritids. This study was designed to identify the tephritid flies in Malepatan and Lumle of Gandaki Province. Bucket traps baited with methyl eugenol (ME) in Malepatan, and ME, cue lure (CL) and a mixture of ME and CL (ME+CL) with different releasers; tube, cotton and paper were installed at Lumle in 2020 summer. Three species of the fly (Bactrocera dorsalis, Bactrocera zonata and Bactrocera correcta) were recorded from Malepatan, dominated by B. dorsalis. The B. correcta count was negligible. While in Lumle, B. dorsalis was the most dominant, followed by B. zonata till July, after which, till August, B. tau followed the B. dorsalis. Seven species of the tephritids (B. zonata, B. dorsalis, B. tau, B. diversa, B. scutellaris, B. correcta and B. cucurbitae) were recorded from this region. Among the releasers, paper releaser was found more effective as compared to cotton and tube. However, the lures should be changed in a short interval, by two weeks, to acquire a satisfactory result. This study unveils that the study site already inhabits seven species of fruit flies. So, the monitoring with different cues could be an effective tool for species actuation. Additionally, the paper releasers could be recommended for further use in the traps for monitoring and mass trapping purposes.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49911
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Oidium (powdery mildew: Erysiphales) Parasitic on Mangifera indica L
           (Mango) in Nepal: A Taxonomic Approach

    • Authors: Mahesh Kumar Adhikari
      Pages: 57 - 60
      Abstract: Oidium species parasitic on mango leaves (Mangifera indica L.) was gathered from Bhanimandal, Lalitpur, Nepal. The previous studies done from Nepal has been revised based on study of recent collection, available literature and reports. It was concluded that the fungus was Erysiphe quercicola S. Takam. & U. Braun
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49912
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Phytochemical Screening and Evaluation of Antioxidant and Antibacterial
           Potential of Selected Species of Gentiana from Nepal Himalaya

    • Authors: Deepak Raj Pant, Niroj Shakya, Giri Prasad Joshi, Deepak Raj Pant
      Pages: 61 - 72
      Abstract: Various species of Gentiana find their use to treat various digestive and topical ailments in traditional medicine in Nepal. The present work reports the results of preliminary phytochemical analysis and biological activities of extracts of four different species of Gentiana (G. depressa, G.ornata, G. urnula, and G. capitata) from Nepal Himalaya. Furthermore, the study also reports a semi-quantitative estimation of major bioactive compounds in those extracts. The total flavonoid content was found to be highest (19.09±0.97mgQE/g) in methanol extracts of G. capitata and lowest (4.22±0.66 mgQE/g) in aqueous extracts of G. urnula. The highest amount (79.2±19.19 mgGAE/g) of total phenolic content was observed in methanolic extracts of G. depressa, while the lowest amount (37.11±2.18 mgGAE/g) was observed in aqueous extract of G. urnula. The methanol extract of G. depressa showed the best antioxidant activity among the Gentiana species tested. Extracts of all the species tested showed weak antibacterial activity even at the highest concentration of the extract. Semi-quantitative estimation showed that swertiamarin was in higher quantities than amarogentin and mangiferin. The highest concentration of swertiamarin and mangiferin (0.109±0.013 mg/g and 0.018±0.001 mg/g, respectively) was identified in G. ornata, while the highest concentration of amarogentin (0.075±0.005 mg/g) was observed in G. capitata. These results justify the folklore use of these species in traditional medicinal practices in Nepal.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49913
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • A Short-Term Measurement of PM2.5 Concentration During the COVID-19
           Lockdown Period in Kathmandu Valley

    • Authors: Tista Prasai Joshi, Pawan Kumar Neupane, Sunil Babu Shrestha, Dipesh Rupakheti , Dev Raj Joshi
      Pages: 73 - 80
      Abstract: The Government of Nepal implemented a nationwide lockdown from 24 March 2020 to 21 July 2020 to control the person-to-person transmission of COVID-19. This study was conducted in a trafficintensified area of Kathmandu valley, where vehicular movement represents one of the main sources of air pollution. Hence, this study was intended to quantify the concentration of particulate matter (PM2.5) for 11 hours of daytime from 23 April to 20 May 2020. It was also to evaluate the influences of lockdown on air quality. PM2.5 was observed using HAZDust, Environmental Particulate Air Monitor in the 18 different traffic sites of the Kathmandu valley. During the lockdown period, a substantially low mean concentration of PM2.5 ranging from 3.69±1.78 µg/ m3 to 7.58±3.98 µg/m3 was recorded in Kathmandu valley, which reflected improved air quality due to the cessation of vehicular activities. Therefore, the study outcome suggests that controlling the existing vehicular activities and promoting energy-efficient vehicles like electric vehicles in specific locations in the city will improve air quality and benefit public health.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49916
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Comparative Adsorption Behavior of Malachite Green Dye onto Charred and
           Aminated Sal (Shorea robusta) Sawdust from Aqueous Solution

    • Authors: Puspa Lal Homagai, Sanjita Rayamajhi, Dilli Dhami, Ram Lal Shrestha, Deval Prasad Bhattarai
      Pages: 81 - 90
      Abstract: Chemically treated Sal sawdust was used to study the adsorption of Malachite Green (MG) dye from an aqueous solution. Raw Sal sawdust (RSSD) was charred and aminated. The surface functional groups of raw and modified adsorbents were determined by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra (FTIR). The influence of pH on batch experiments, concentration and contact time for charred Sal sawdust (CSSD) and aminated Sal sawdust (ASSD) were investigated. The dye uptake was highest at a pH of 4, and adsorption was found to be 62.63 % and 92.15% for CSSD and ASSD, respectively, at an adsorbent dose of 0.025 g and agitation speed of 190 rotations per minute (rpm). The pertinency of Langmuir isotherm was tested, and the kinetic data was found best fitted for pseudo-second-order. The adsorption capacity of MG dye onto ASSD and CSSD was found to be 91.9 mg/g and 64 mg/g, correspondingly. This showed that ASSD is a more efficient adsorbent than CSSD for excluding MG dye from an aqueous solution.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49917
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Performance of Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall In Dual Structural System: A

    • Authors: Rajan Suwal, Aakarsha Khawas
      Pages: 91 - 100
      Abstract: A dual structural system consists of a momentresisting frame, and vertical reinforced concrete walls called shear walls. Shear walls used in tall buildings are generally located around elevator cores and stairwells. Many possibilities exist in a tall building regarding the location, shape, number, and arrangement of shear walls. Shear walls generally start at the foundation level and are continuous throughout the building height. Their thickness can be as low as 150mm in lowrise to medium-rise buildings or as high as 400mm in high-rise buildings. To establish an effective lateral force-resisting system, the shear walls are located in preferable positions in a structure that minimizes lateral displacements. The shear walls are situated in ideal locations to be symmetrical and torsional effects get reduced. Based on the comparison of various literature regarding the shear wall positions, the shear wall placement at the core or the corners of the structure symmetrically gives the best performance to reduce displacement and story drift. Also, lateral displacement diminishes when the shear wall’s thickness increases.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49918
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • A Review on Microbial Fuel Cell Performance for Energy Generation

    • Authors: Sulochana Pradhan, Jarina Joshi
      Pages: 101 - 106
      Abstract: Much work in a microbial fuel cell (MFC) is necessary in today’s context to meet an environmentfriendly and sustainable technology for alternative energy. A huge depletion in fossil fuel is going on rapidly. There may be high chance of a fuel crisis and global warming shortly. MFC is a promising technology in the field of energy production. MFC is a promising technology in the field of energy production. MFC operates with the degradation of different types of wastes by generating various by-products. Proper design and operation of MFC help to get optimum output. The performance of MFC depends on appropriate electrode materials, substrates, pH and type of microbes grown. In MFC, microbial oxidation of natural wastes occurs at ambient temperature. The generated reaction produces energy.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49919
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • A Broad Perspective on Cloud Integrated Flight Data Recorder

    • Authors: Satish Chaudhary, Aditya Pratap Singh, Devender Sharma
      Pages: 107 - 120
      Abstract: The history of air traffic, whether ‘ ‘about the safety or the qualitative inspection of the several sensors and interconnected mechanical parts, is well known. Hence, the efforts applied through the research and analysis of several engineers profoundly made the air traffic investigation safer and more comfortable. As a result,the flight investigation of whether the lost aircraft or the ‘ ‘airplane’s found wreckage has become more secure and convenient than in the Past. The use of light and advanced materials, the development of excellent communication equipment, and the rapid development of the aviation sector have played a crucial role in increasing its safety and reach to the general public, and so do the several challenges associated with the aviation sector. As a result, there has been much research regarding the air traffic investigation with the help of advanced sensor and better software that can simulate and even predict the dangers provided by several parameters helping in the investigation and exploring better sides of safety. The accident can be prevented with the help of improvements provided based on accurate analysis of previous air accidents. In modern aircraft, there is a device called the Black Box which helps analyze and investigate. For example, after Malaysian flight MH370’s disappearance, the airline again felt to upgrade the black box to a new working standard of the cloud-based technology. Currently, there are many cloud storage services worldwide such as GOOGLE, APPLE, AMAZON, MICROSOFT etc. After this accident and similar previous aircraft disappearances from different parts of the world, researchers finally decided to test steaming to nearby air traffic services and storing flight data in remote cloud storage. This study attempts to compile the worldwide efforts in the cloud-integrated flight data recorder (CIFDR) field. This research primarily focuses on different ways of storing data on cloud-based technology. The different trend worldwide approaches and different means applied to test this system without hindering the associated safety of the data going through encryption and decryption. Recently there has been a proliferation of internet facilities in flight. Although it is still in its infancy phase, the flight data can be sent to remote servers by improving this technique. Many challenges in transmitting flight data in real-time need to be overcome before commercializing this technique.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49920
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
  • Fall Armyworm: Current Status in Nepal, its Management and Way Forward

    • Authors: Sushil Nyaupane, Ram P Mainali, Sagar Kafle, Ajaya SR Bajracharya
      Pages: 121 - 138
      Abstract: Fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is an economically important invasive pest species primarily infesting maize. It is highly polyphagous and migratory in nature, posing a threat to several economically important crops. This pest has traveled a long journey from the American continent to Asia via Africa. This insect has inflicted substantial damage to Maize’s crop productivity of Maize in Nepal, since its introduction in May 2019 and has now become widespread from plain regions to hilly regions of the country. Therefore, this pest problem is considered a major issue for research and development in the country. The lessons from world research and development in the fall armyworm management could be adapted and used in Nepal after its proper validation. In order to identify the current status of fall armyworm in Nepal and the management of the insect species, we have discussed overviews on biology, ecology, origin and distribution pathway, management, and way forward, focusing on sustainable measures which could be useful for designing integrated pest management of fall armyworm in Nepal since knowledge gap is large.
      PubDate: 2023-01-08
      DOI: 10.3126/njst.v21i1.49960
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2023)
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