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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 201 - 265 of 265 Journals sorted by number of followers
Quantum Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Logo STI Science, Technology and Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Alfarama Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
The Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South American Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Science and Technology Journal of Namibia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BJHS Themes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Türk Bilim ve Mühendislik Dergisi     Open Access  
Vilnius University Proceedings     Open Access  
Sciential     Open Access  
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access  
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access  
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  

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QScience Connect
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2223-506X
Published by QScience Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Corruption in public procurement: Can e-procurement and artificial
           intelligence make a difference in Africa'

    • Authors: Mutasim Mohamed Elhassan Gadour
      Abstract: Corruption is a challenge that hinders countries’ development. The huge spending on public procurement, particularly on capital projects, makes it highly prone to corruption. The conventional paper-based procurement process has been linked to inefficiency and corruption in procurement practices. Given the expanding role of technology in an increasingly interconnected world, many leading experts suggest that technology can be a powerful tool to reduce opportunities for corruption in public procurement. In the past three decades, the use of technology, including electronic procurement (e-procurement) and artificial intelligence (AI), in public procurement has globally gained popularity. However, currently, technology in public procurement is not widely used in the African continent. This paper's main hypothesis is that technology can have an impact on reducing corruption in public procurement in Africa, with a particular emphasis on the prospects and challenges for technology adoption in Ghana and South Africa. The paper analyzes the types of initiatives that helped technology implementation in other countries and the utility of adopting such mechanisms in the context of the subject countries under review. The study investigates the critical success factors for adopting technology in public procurement activities in Ghana and South Africa using qualitative data analysis and mixed theories. This paper aims to assist public procurement practitioners, government entities, and funding organizations in a better understanding of the technology role, including public e-procurement and AI, in their efforts to minimize the scourge of corruption in public procurement.
      PubDate: 2024-04-07T00:00:00Z
       
  • What are the minimal criteria of goal-directed perfusion (GDP) in adult
           cardiac surgery'

    • Authors: Ammar Al Awawdeh; Manuel Iafrate Gil Giovinazzo
      Abstract: Introduction: Nowadays, many cardiac surgery teams are adopting the goal-directed perfusion (GDP) strategy in their practice to maintain optimal perfusion during cardiac surgeries and improve patient outcomes. Furthermore, it plays an indispensable role as a quality control tool to monitor both perfusionists’ practice and equipment (in addition to disposables used in the surgery.Objectives: To identify the role and the elements of GDP that facilitate better surgical outcomes. In addition, to compare between GDP and the traditional conventional perfusion strategy (CP) in terms of perfusion adequacy and surgical outcomes. Finally, to recognize challenges that may prevent the effective application of GDP and finding possible applicable solutions.Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted from three different databases PubMed, SpringerLink, and ScienceDirect. The selected studies were in English from the USA and Europe with a time frame starting from 2005.Results: The findings highlight the crucial role of the GDP strategy in protecting and preserving end-organ function after on-bypass cardiac surgery procedures. Furthermore, a clear understanding of the GDP implementation component and criteria was obtained. Alternatively, a satisfactory GDP level can be achieved by the optimal utilization of available resources.Discussion: Dismantling the GDP strategy into practically recognized components to ease the implementation at different levels of perfusion practice.Conclusion: The GDP approach involves the intensive monitoring of respiratory-related parameters to enhance surgical outcomes. The process includes blood preservation, optimal flow and intraoperative parameters management. Monitoring is the key element of GDP, which can be applied by using the sophisticated technology or the proper use of existing resources to develop protocols within the international guidelines and recommendations. Achieving an optimal perfusion requires concerted efforts of organizational, safety, and practical measurements.
      PubDate: 2024-01-31T00:00:00Z
       
  • Morphological abnormalities in tissue culture-derived date palms (Phoenix
           dactylifera L.) in Qatar

    • Authors: Imene Mattat; Ameur Khiss Walid Hamada
      Abstract: Recently, the tissue culture (T.C.) propagation has played a major role in the massive expansion of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) plantations by making available a large number of cloned plants. Nevertheless, even if the in vitro propagation is an effective and a rapid way of date palm production, it has been associated with the emergence of some growth problems. Morphological abnormalities have been observed in tissue culture- derived date palm.Dwarfism is the most common abnormality recorded in the Qatari dates plantations. Plants produced by tissue culture in “Nemishi” and “Lulu” are the most sensitive varieties to this problem. Moreover, the phenomenon of pollination failure locally known as “sheiss” was observed with the varieties Khalass and Kheneisi.These off type phenotypes appear in the plants maturity stage and are commonly detected in the field years after planting. Therefore, the detection of these abnormalities, at an early stage, should be performed.Since the genetic variation altered DNA methylation and gene expression are associated with these abnormal phenotypes, the molecular identification is inevitably the solution.
      PubDate: 2023-10-31T00:00:00Z
       
  • DNA barcoding of Squamata fauna in Qatar

    • Authors: Yousef Al-Najjar; Dan Cogălniceanu, Aitor Valdeó Kuei-Chiu Chen
      Abstract: Background: DNA barcoding allows for species identification and description of genetic diversity. However, in the Middle East, information on genetic diversity is accumulating at a slower pace compared to that of other regions. Methods: The COI sequence of 24 lizard and snake species in Qatar that represent major families within the order Squamata were sampled and amplified via PCR using RepCOI primers (apart from one species). Purified amplicons were then aligned, and high- quality sequences were uploaded to BOLD. Using Sphenodon punctatus as the outgroup, the phylogenetic analysis was conducted using raxmlGUI software following the maximum likelihood method. Results: The COI sequence from each of the species was obtained and the consensus sequences were submitted to GenBank. In the phylogenetic analysis, a close relationship between members of the Agamidae and Serpentes was confirmed. While members of the same genus often showed sister-taxa relationships, and species in the same family were clustered with reasonably high bootstrap supports, the COI-based phylogeny was not able to resolve the relationships among genera within the families or identify relationships with high resolution at deeper lineages. Conclusion: Although ideal for species identification, COI gene sequencing is limited in phylogenetic inference due to high mutation rates that restrict its effectiveness for resolving relationships at deep phylogenetic levels. However, COI gene sequencing can be combined with nuclear markers for a more in-depth analysis.
      PubDate: 2023-07-15T00:00:00Z
       
  • Microsatellites confirm the distinctness of Bedouins among ethnic Qatari
           subpopulations

    • Authors: Lina Ahmed; Aya Youssef, Mariam Imran, Amal Robay, Noha A. Yousri, Ghizlane Bendriss, Ronald G. Crystal Kuei-Chiu Chen
      Abstract: Background: Microsatellite markers are highly versatile tools used in a wide array of applications including paternity testing, forensic analysis, and disease markers. However, the allele frequencies of these markers can vary greatly depending on ethnic subpopulations. Thus, the discovery of three distinct Qatari ethnic subpopulations (Bedouin, Persian, and African) has prompted the need to determine the allele frequencies that are more representative of the subpopulations. Objectives: This study aims to analyze 15 autosomal microsatellite loci from individuals belonging to each subpopulation and to generate the corresponding allele frequency tables. Additionally, the microsatellite markers were further investigated to examine the mating behaviors within each subpopulation as well as looking into a possible relationship between the markers and the type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: DNA samples isolated from 266 individuals of interest (Bedouin, Persian, or African) were amplified using PCR and subjected to electrophoresis. The results were analyzed using various population genetics software such as FSTAT, GenAlEx, and GENEPOP to calculate several population parameters including inbreeding coefficients, allele frequencies, and expected and observed heterozygosity. Results: The results showed that the Bedouin subpopulation was distinct from the other two subpopulations. Furthermore, the Bedouin and African subpopulations were found to have a small positive inbreeding coefficient, while the Persian subpopulation displayed a slight outbreeding pattern. Lastly, two microsatellite loci showed tantalizing differences between diabetic and non-diabetic participants. Conclusions: The distinctness of the Bedouin population could be attributable to the heterogeneity of the Persian and African subpopulations, while the positive inbreeding coefficients could be explained by the relatively high rates of consanguineous marriages. The allele frequency tables generated for each subpopulation through this study can be used to strengthen microsatellite-based genetic testing; however, more studies are needed to further examine the potential relationship between T2DM and microsatellites.
      PubDate: 2023-05-30T00:00:00Z
       
  • Employees motivation for better job performance: importance of financial
           and non-financial incentives in banking systems' Case of Oman

    • Authors: Amani Adil Albalush; Sonal Devesh
      Abstract: Background: Employee motivation is a success factor for every organization. Previous studies state that motivation is a factor that triggers people when there are incentives to achieve a desired goal. Aim: This paper investigates the motivation and impact of employee performance in the banking sector. Also, the paper investigates how employees perform in their jobs based on how they are treated, compensated, and encouraged. Method: Data was gathered using a structured questionnaire with a sample of 100 employees working in one of the leading banks in Oman. Statistical measures like descriptive and chi-square analysis were used to validate the study hypotheses. Regression analysis was used to find the influence of financial and non-financial factors on employee performance. Results: The results indicated that financial motivating factors such as salary, bonus, health allowance, and house rent have a great influence on an employee's performance, with the study implicating how much the employee cares about financial motivation. Due to this, both the employee and the bank will benefit and develop in the future. Moreover, non-financial factors such as appreciation, work-life balance, job security, manager's behavior, and working hours significantly impact employees' performance. It was found that 89% of the employees are motivated by financial incentives, and 76% of them confirmed that they are motivated by non-financial incentives. Many theories have stated that when employees are motivated, they are satisfying their need for the work, resulting in better performance. The findings shed light on the factors that banks should focus on to enhance employees' job performance. The study recommends the need for a motivation scheme that directly relates to employees' productivity in the banking sector of Oman.
      PubDate: 2023-05-15T00:00:00Z
       
  • Artificial intelligence dissociative identity disorder (AIDIS): the dark
           side of ChatGPT

    • Authors: Chokri Kooli
      Abstract: As exploratory research, the actual paper makes an interview with ChatGPT, an artificial intelligence language model designed to understand and generate human-like responses to a wide range of questions and topics. This paper aims to understand the functionality and user engagement of ChatGPT. It concludes that ChatGPT is designed on a transformer-based language model based on deep learning architecture that uses unsupervised learning to generate human-like text. It has a large database and memory system to store previous user responses, and it uses machine learning algorithms and natural language processing techniques to understand user inputs and retrieve information from its database to generate responses. The interview ultimately led to the development of an innovative research paper on Artificial Intelligence Dissociative Identity Disorder (AIDIS). This study: suggests the possibility of AI-based systems developing multiple identities or personas due to their exposure to different types of data and training, explores the potential implications and challenges of such a disorder, including ethical concerns, and the need for new regulations and policies in the field of AI.
      PubDate: 2023-05-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • Exploring the role of social media marketing in students’ decision to
           select universities in Lebanon: a proposed emerging framework

    • Authors: Fatima Al Husseiny; Hasan Youness
      Abstract: In the era of technological advancement, personalized learning trends are rising rapidly. Consequently, we are swiftly developing the traditional education scope, the social networking dimension, and its relationship with data acquisition. Notably, we live in a prospective learning ecosystem characterized by the demand of being cognitively flexible with a prolonged effect of the growth mindset. Social Media (SM) is becoming the new norm in students personal and academic lives. Surprisingly, SM consumption in the Middle East is critical, where 9 out of 10 Arab youths use at least one social media channel daily. This study explores the role of SM on thoughts and behaviors in students’ decision- making to select a university in Lebanon. The following questions were examined (1) what role does social media marketing play in Lebanese high school students’ decision-making when selecting a university to study' and (2) How do universities use social media marketing to attract new students’ enrolment' Little research was published to explore the challenging role of social media in higher educational institutions in Lebanon and how it influences the decision-making of students. Hence, this research is an exploratory study where qualitative methods were adopted to investigate the above two objectives, resulting in a proposed emerging framework.
      PubDate: 2023-01-31T00:00:00Z
       
  • Deactivated: Exploring why adults in Qatar quit social media

    • Authors: Ghenwa Yehia; Karen McIntyre
      Abstract: Social media use has become ingrained in life in the 21st century. As a result of such pervasiveness, there is extensive research on the myriad of positive and negative effects of social media use on adults worldwide. The State of Qatar is among the countries with the highest social media penetration levels relative to its population. Despite this, some people consciously choose to deactivate from social media. Through theoretical frameworks relating to models and motivations of behavioral change, this qualitative study of 26 participants sought to examine what factors influence adults in Qatar to deactivate one or more social media accounts. Results showed that four themes emerged as reasons for deactivation: impact on time, distorted value, mental/physical health and well-being, and/or a tipping point/instigating incident. Several other factors acted as barriers to or supported discontinuous social media use. This research’s theoretical and practical implications are discussed, along with recommendations for future research.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Construction planning and scheduling of a precast house extension using a
           multi-objective genetic algorithm and 4D building information modelling

    • Authors: Sarah Alyatama; Ruqaya Al-Sabah
      Abstract: Background: As a result of the rising costs of housing in Kuwait, several families find it increasingly challenging to purchase new homes. Typically, Kuwaitis carry out extensions of the existing housing spaces they possess, to accommodate their growing families. In the management and execution of house extension projects, construction planning and scheduling are complex albeit critical tasks. Building information modeling (BIM) and optimization techniques have become crucial tools for improving these two critical processes. Methods: This study aimed to integrate 4D BIM and multi- objective optimization using a genetic algorithm (MOGA) for construction planning and scheduling of a precast house extension. A case study was undertaken for a two-storey family house in Kuwait, which has been extended by two additional floors using the precast method. The extension of the house has its own foundation and support, with a design that adheres to Le Corbusier's five points of architecture. The Autodesk Revit software was used to generate a three-dimensional architectural model of the house extension. Results and Discussion: After running the MOGA based on the developed schedule, optimal results were obtained as a Pareto front with 70 combinations across workers' cost and construction time. The preferred schedule was selected and fed into Autodesk Navisworks to generate a 4D BIM model. Navisworks was used to simulate the house extension, accompanied by its scheduling information. Conclusion: The amalgamation of a multi-objective algorithm with 4D BIM may be employed to efficaciously plan and schedule building projects, allowing for quality decision-making.
      PubDate: 2023-01-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Evaluation of the International Labor Organization project in Qatar

    • Authors: Abdulhadi Rashid Alkhayareen
      Abstract: In April of 2018, the International Labor Organization (ILO) opened its first project office in Qatar to assist the government in reforming labor market policies to ensure compliance with international labor conventions and achieving fundamental principles and migrant worker rights. Using a policy transfer theoretical framework, this study examines the challenges, progress, and achievements of the ILO project in Qatar across five outcomes: minimum wages and wage security, labor inspection policy, occupational health and safety programs, Kafala (sponsorship) abolition, recruitment and working conditions, prevention, safeguarding, prosecution against forced labor; and promoting workers 'perspective, and access to justice. Data for this study consisted of governments and ILO administrative data and reports as well as evidence from literature review and government websites such as the Ministry of Labor, Qatar Statistics Authority, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states, the ILO Arab States, International Organization for Migrations, and Regional United Nations agencies. Additionally, semi-structured interviews have been conducted with ILO Qatar experts on four progress reports 2018-2021 on labor market challenges, policies, and reforms in Qatar. The key accomplishments of the ILO and the government of Qatar include destroying the kafala system and creating a universal minimum wage for all workers. This signifies a shift toward more open, progressive migrant labor policies and an evolving acceptance of migrant rights and opportunities by the government and members of the mass culture.
      PubDate: 2023-01-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • How to sustain motivation among the youth in Qatar beyond hosting the FIFA
           World Cup 2022'

    • Authors: Shayma H. Al-Marri
      Abstract: This research aimed to explore and identify ways in which motivation amongst the youth can be sustained beyond the FIFA World Cup 2022 mega sports event. Findings collated via semi-structured interviews which were further validated by a larger sample through a questionnaire. Its main objectives were accomplished and the vast evidence suggested that motivation among the youth relates to key concepts of resilience, leadership styles and sustainability. This research affirms that resilience contributes to the development of youth and acts as a personal strength factor along with several other contributors, which collectively determine positive youth development. This paper also suggests that resilient and dynamic leadership styles are crucial for sustained motivation and that young people can be motivated by resilient leaders. Several recommendations have been suggested which are relevant to Qatar, youth and sustained motivation after the upcoming mega-event. One of which includes conducting and hosting similar mega events to create wider awareness related to sustainability and Qatar National Vision 2030 to contribute to its achievement positively.
      PubDate: 2023-01-01T00:00:00Z
       
 
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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 201 - 265 of 265 Journals sorted by number of followers
Quantum Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Logo STI Science, Technology and Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Alfarama Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
The Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South American Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Science and Technology Journal of Namibia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BJHS Themes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Türk Bilim ve Mühendislik Dergisi     Open Access  
Vilnius University Proceedings     Open Access  
Sciential     Open Access  
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access  
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access  
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  

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