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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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Network Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.461
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2050-1242 - ISSN (Online) 2050-1250
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [353 journals]
  • Editors’ Note

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      Authors: Wasserman; Stanley, Brandes, Ulrik
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: We welcome our new editors and provide background on an unusual duo of articles in this issue.
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.1017/nws.2022.8
       
  • NWS volume 10 issue 1 Cover and Front matter

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      Pages: 1 - 3
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.1017/nws.2022.2
       
  • Circular specifications and “predicting” with information from the
           future: Errors in the empirical SAOM–TERGM comparison of Leifeld &
           Cranmer

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      Authors: Block; Per, Hollway, James, Stadtfeld, Christoph, Koskinen, Johan, Snijders, Tom
      Pages: 3 - 14
      Abstract: We review the empirical comparison of Stochastic Actor-oriented Models (SAOMs) and Temporal Exponential Random Graph Models (TERGMs) by Leifeld & Cranmer in this journal [Network Science 7(1):20–51, 2019]. When specifying their TERGM, they use exogenous nodal attributes calculated from the outcome networks’ observed degrees instead of endogenous ERGM equivalents of structural effects as used in the SAOM. This turns the modeled endogeneity into circularity and obtained results are tautological. In consequence, their out-of-sample predictions using TERGMs are based on out-of-sample information and thereby predict the future using observations from the future. Thus, their analysis rests on erroneous model specifications that invalidate the article’s conclusions. Finally, beyond these specific points, we argue that their evaluation metric—tie-level predictive accuracy—is unsuited for the task of comparing model performance.
      PubDate: 2022-03-10
      DOI: 10.1017/nws.2022.6
       
  • The stochastic actor-oriented model is a theory as much as it is a method
           and must be subject to theory tests

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      Authors: Leifeld; Philip, Cranmer, Skyler J.
      Pages: 15 - 19
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.1017/nws.2022.7
       
  • Faster MCMC for Gaussian latent position network models

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      Authors: Spencer; Neil A., Junker, Brian W., Sweet, Tracy M.
      Pages: 20 - 45
      Abstract: Latent position network models are a versatile tool in network science; applications include clustering entities, controlling for causal confounders, and defining priors over unobserved graphs. Estimating each node’s latent position is typically framed as a Bayesian inference problem, with Metropolis within Gibbs being the most popular tool for approximating the posterior distribution. However, it is well-known that Metropolis within Gibbs is inefficient for large networks; the acceptance ratios are expensive to compute, and the resultant posterior draws are highly correlated. In this article, we propose an alternative Markov chain Monte Carlo strategy—defined using a combination of split Hamiltonian Monte Carlo and Firefly Monte Carlo—that leverages the posterior distribution’s functional form for more efficient posterior computation. We demonstrate that these strategies outperform Metropolis within Gibbs and other algorithms on synthetic networks, as well as on real information-sharing networks of teachers and staff in a school district.
      PubDate: 2022-02-22
      DOI: 10.1017/nws.2022.1
       
  • Role detection in bicycle-sharing networks using multilayer stochastic
           block models

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      Authors: Carlen; Jane, de Dios Pont, Jaume, Mentus, Cassidy, Chang, Shyr-Shea, Wang, Stephanie, Porter, Mason A.
      Pages: 46 - 81
      Abstract: In urban systems, there is an interdependency between neighborhood roles and transportation patterns between neighborhoods. In this paper, we classify docking stations in bicycle-sharing networks to gain insight into the human mobility patterns of three major cities in the United States. We propose novel time-dependent stochastic block models, with degree-heterogeneous blocks and either mixed or discrete block membership, which classify nodes based on their time-dependent activity patterns. We apply these models to (1) detect the roles of bicycle-sharing stations and (2) describe the traffic within and between blocks of stations over the course of a day. Our models successfully uncover work blocks, home blocks, and other blocks; they also reveal activity patterns that are specific to each city. Our work gives insights for the design and maintenance of bicycle-sharing systems, and it contributes new methodology for community detection in temporal and multilayer networks with heterogeneous degrees.
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.1017/nws.2021.21
       
  • DERGMs: Degeneracy-restricted exponential family random graph models

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      Authors: Karwa; Vishesh, Petrović, Sonja, Bajić, Denis
      Pages: 82 - 110
      Abstract: Exponential random graph models, or ERGMs, are a flexible and general class of models for modeling dependent data. While the early literature has shown them to be powerful in capturing many network features of interest, recent work highlights difficulties related to the models’ ill behavior, such as most of the probability mass being concentrated on a very small subset of the parameter space. This behavior limits both the applicability of an ERGM as a model for real data and inference and parameter estimation via the usual Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms. To address this problem, we propose a new exponential family of models for random graphs that build on the standard ERGM framework. Specifically, we solve the problem of computational intractability and “degenerate” model behavior by an interpretable support restriction. We introduce a new parameter based on the graph-theoretic notion of degeneracy, a measure of sparsity whose value is commonly low in real-world networks. The new model family is supported on the sample space of graphs with bounded degeneracy and is called degeneracy-restricted ERGMs, or DERGMs for short. Since DERGMs generalize ERGMs—the latter is obtained from the former by setting the degeneracy parameter to be maximal—they inherit good theoretical properties, while at the same time place their mass more uniformly over realistic graphs. The support restriction allows the use of new (and fast) Monte Carlo methods for inference, thus making the models scalable and computationally tractable. We study various theoretical properties of DERGMs and illustrate how the support restriction improves the model behavior. We also present a fast Monte Carlo algorithm for parameter estimation that avoids many issues faced by Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithms used for inference in ERGMs.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.1017/nws.2022.5
       
  • A theoretical and empirical comparison of the temporal exponential random
           graph model and the stochastic actor-oriented model – Corrigendum

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      Authors: Leifeld; Philip, Cranmer, Skyler J.
      Pages: 111 - 111
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.1017/nws.2022.11
       
 
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