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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1805-3602
Published by European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Effectiveness of Experience and Teaching Methods on Evaluating
           Performance of Faculty Members – Statistical Study

    • Authors: Samah Anwar Abbas, Amani Mustafa Ghazzawi, Abeer Hassan Ali
      Abstract: Evaluating the performance of faculty members working in educational institutions has become one of the significant concerns in the field of teaching. With the aim of improving the promotion process of the faculty members, the current study aims to analyze the two important factors namely teaching experience and the methods of teaching. Previous studies have discussed that certain factors like renewing the contract of the faculties and their service period will be considered while making the decision process of faculty promotion in the educational institutions. Therefore, this study will examine the factors that affect the evaluation process of faculty members.  The study also examines to what extent the experience of teaching staff and their teaching methods will impact their performance as teachers in educational institutions. For this, the researcher adopted the statistical method - Pearson correlation and independent-measures t-stat for measuring the effectiveness of the hypothesis proposed in the study. Furthermore, this study concentrates on conducting experiments, based on the average faculty member evaluation of three ratings, which include student, head of the department, and HR. Results of the study indicated that the variable ‘teaching method’ is found more significant and correlated to the average faculty member evaluation, while the variable ‘faculty experience’ has not have a significant and strong correlation with the average rating of faculty member performance evaluation.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Mobile Assisted Learning: Impact on Students’ Reading Comprehension
           and Belief

    • Authors: Getnet Gidey Takele, Mihretie Kibret Awoke, Dessie Alemayehu Kibret
      Abstract: This study made an attempt to examine the effect of teaching students through mobile assisted language learning (MALL) on their reading comprehension performance and belief. In the study, 79 second year English language linear students in Gondar College of Teachers’ Education were taken as participants of the study comprehensively since their size was manageable. Among those, 40 of them were control group and 39 were experimental group. For this effect, the study used quasi-experimental research design. Data were collected via tests (pre and posttests) and questionnaire. The data collected using the pre and posttest were analyzed quantitatively using the independent samples t-test. The questionnaire data were analyzed quantitatively via frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. The results of the study divulged that MALL brought difference between the experimental group (EG) and control group (CG). Particularly, with the help of the interventions provided the majority of the EG showed high level of progress in their reading comprehension performance and got affirmative belief towards the use of MALL in reading lessons. However, the CG remained constant. Based on the findings drawn, it was recommended that MALL should be practiced to maximize the students’ reading comprehension performance in EFL reading classrooms.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Visual Thinking Skills in Solving Geometry Problems Based on Learning
           Style: a Grounded Theory Study

    • Authors: Anwar Anwar, T. Turmudi, Dadang Juandi, Reni Wahyuni, M Muntazhimah
      Abstract: This study seeks to determine students' visual thinking skills in solving geometric problems based on learning style inventory. The qualitative approach with the grounded theory research method was used. The research participants consisted of 61 students who were given a learning style inventory questionnaire, and 4 students were selected from each learning style category, namely converger, diverger, assimilator, and accommodator. Data collection techniques included learning style questionnaires and task-based interviews. The findings indicated that assimilator and converger students had good visual thinking skills in solving geometric problems and could explain logically every step they used while accommodator students had problems explaining logically at the planning and implementation stages of problem-solving. Meanwhile, diverger students could visualize the problem only at the stage of understanding the problem. At the next stages, they had difficulty in explaining logically, and the problem-solving process was not appropriate.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • (Review article*) Permaculture: Smart Growth Strategies and Management for
           Juniper Forest

    • Authors: Faiza Akhtar, Safder Shah Khan, Moghira Badar, Yasir Niaz, M Saleem Akhtar, F. Batool
      Abstract: Permaculture creates an integrated system by incorporating those parameters which are often viewed as separate entities such as smart growth, low-impact development, habitat protection, complete streets, and other initiatives. Its gives better planning options and give policies a line of coherence and directions which provides basis for the real concept of sustainability. Presently in Pakistan, forest management policies suffer from a number of drawbacks and especially the Juniper forests in Pakistan are under constant pressure due to natural as well as anthropogenic pressures. To conserve the Juniper Forest Ecosystem a proposed Smart Growth Strategies based on Permaculture’s principles are designed to protect the Ziarat Juniper Forest that offers an unequivocal vision and strategy to gain valid sustainability in forest management.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Development of an Animal Microbiota Online Web-Based System Basilio:
           Bacterial Assemblages and Species Identity Library Online

    • Authors: Gary Antonio C. Lirio, Ryan V. Labana, Armin S. Coronado, Julieta Z. Dungca, Claire B. Salvedia, Joan Christine O. Adajar, Francis G. Balazon
      Abstract: Zoonotic diseases caused by infectious microorganisms transmitted from animals to humans, are becoming a greater threat to global health security. With the massive amount of data on animal microbiota and zoonosis research that recognize the pivotal roles of microorganisms in animal physiology and human health, it is necessary to process and present the data and make them accessible to researchers, educators, and to those involved in microbiota and zoonotic infections studies. The Bacterial Assemblages and Species Identity Library Online (BASILIO) is a web-based bacterial system and database that was created to curate data from various research publications on isolated bacteria from a variety of animal species worldwide. The system focuses on the presentation of animal and bacterial taxonomy, with an emphasis on the abundance of bacterial diversity in the animals studied and the classification of bacteria according to their pathogenicity. The project gathered data on animal microbiota from published studies in reputable peer-reviewed journals. AGILE development approach was utilized to develop the information system iteratively. Unit, system, and acceptability testing were used to execute test plans. The BASILIO web-system was evaluated using ISO 9126 standards and found to be functional, usable, reliable, efficient, portable, maintainable, and usable. The BASILIO in its current state, fills in the need for a database dedicated to fast access to information on pathogenic bacteria found in animals. Future developers are proposed to adopt the BASILIO system and incorporate other data management tools and algorithms to create a more complex and robust system.
      PubDate: 2022-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • E-learning and the Development of L2: the Case of EFL Visually-impaired

    • Authors: Radwa Elshemy, Fahad Alzahrani
      Abstract: The number of visually-impaired students (VIS) enrolled in higher education institutions worldwide is increasing. In the second language (L2) classroom, a range of barriers and challenges have been reported to encounter by VIS. With the global demand to shift many schools and colleges to online learning and teaching, the challenges of VIS have begun to increase. This study aims to explore the experiences of VIS in learning and studying English as a foreign language (EFL) in the realm of online education. Guided by three main research questions, this study adopts an exploratory sequential mixed method design, and the examination is based on a thematic analysis of eight semi-structured student interviews that were followed by online surveys. Results indicated that the online environment could be advantageous for learning, yet VIS encountered considerable challenges during the online mode and was confronted with multiple language learning barriers related to the language instructor, the online environment, and remote assessment and methods. For example, the highest barriers to language e-learning related to the instructor were incompetency in e-teaching and learning and assistive technology, followed by the lack of appropriate assessment tools and methods. Accordingly, a few language skills were targeted and developed. Furthermore, prior training and degree of impairment were the most important indicators affecting EFL learning and development during e-education. The findings could help to develop a strategic plan for successful learning experiences and the implementation of appropriate tools and assessment methods in e-learning.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Preparedness of SUCs in CALABARZON in the Implementation of Flexible
           Learning in the New Normal

    • Authors: Rhodora S. Crizaldo, Jake Raymund F. Fabregar, Jovan B. Alitagtag
      Abstract: The study was an attempt to provide an assessment on the level of preparedness of state universities and colleges (SUCs) in CALABARZON in the implementation of flexible learning in the new normal. The study also looked into the significant differences between the perceived assessment of the faculty members and students on the SUC’s level of preparedness on the implementation of flexible learning in the new normal; priority areas/skills which the SUCs should consider and strategies which may be proposed in the implementation of flexible learning. This study utilized mix-method of research design. Responses were obtained using a researcher-made questionnaire and were interpreted using statistical tools such as Mean and Mann-Whitney U Test. The findings revealed that the level of preparedness of SUCs in CALABARZON in the implementation of Flexible Learning in the New Normal was verbally interpreted as “Prepared” as perceived by both faculty and student respondents. It was further revealed that there is a significant difference between the assessment of the faculty members and students on the SUC’s level of preparedness on the implementation of flexible learning in the new normal.  The corpus of data revealed 10 themes that account for the priority areas/skills vis a vis strategies for the implementation of flexible learning in the new normal from the perspectives of the faculty and students of SUCs in the region. The themes could be summarized into 10 thematic areas that are crucial in the implementation of flexible learning in the new normal: 1) student competency; 2) health and well-being; 3) student support and information; 4) course design; 5) pedagogy; 6) professional development; 7) assessment; 8) organization; 9) resources, and 10) school-community partnerships and linkages. These themes led to a knowledge creation of Flexible Learning Framework in the context of higher education in the new normal.  There is need for SUCs to strengthen the implementation of flexible learning that entails opportunities to reshape education; learning delivery and the operation of educational institutions.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Effectiveness of Digital Literacy Training to Improve Early Childhood
           Education Teacher’s Competence

    • Authors: Sudarti Sudarti, Rusman Rusman, Dadang Sukirman, Cepi Riyana
      Abstract: In the digital era, students are interested to use computers in their learning activities. To fulfil this need, teachers need to improve their digital literacy competencies to enable them to seize the digital media for teaching and learning activities. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of digital literacy training in improving teachers’ competence of Early Childhood Education in Pontianak City, West Kalimantan Province. Their digital literacy competencies cover their ability to use digital media, search for information sources via the internet, deal with hypertext guidance, evaluate information content and prepare online-based knowledge. The training was carried out for 2 days and it delivered task "Project Teaching" for the trainees. This study used a pre-experimental method with One Groups Pretest-Posttest Design. The sample used was 55 teachers from various regions in the city of Pontianak by using purposive sampling technique. Data were collected using techniques like interviews, observation and pretest-posttest. The data were analyzed by applying quantitative approach, namely the inferential statistical test assisted by SPSS 25. The results showed that the average pre-test score was 46.27 and the post-test average score was 88.91. The results shows that digital literacy training is effective in improving the teachers’ competence. The effectiveness of this digital literacy training is supported by the available facilities and infrastructure and support from their respective institutions.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Evaluating the Suitability of Literary Texts in Grade 10 English Text Book
           for Language Classrooms Daniel Belay Wubie

    • Authors: Yitayew Shebabie Mekonen, Yibeltal Degwale Tegegne, Daniel Belay Wubie
      Abstract: Literary texts increase the learners’ proficiency of integrated language learning as they enable the learners to apply all macro and micro skills. This study evaluated the suitability of literary texts in grade ten English for Ethiopia textbook for language classrooms. The evaluation was made from two aspects-from the learners’ aspect (learners’ literary experience, linguistic proficiency, cultural background, level of understanding, age, interest) and from the text itself (the texts’ content, topics, themes, language, accessibility, free of bias). The study employed descriptive design which involves qualitative research method. Document (textbook) analysis was used as the main tool for gathering data. The result of the evaluation indicated that most of the literary texts do not consider the learners literary experience, cultural background, language competence, age and understanding level. Curriculum designers consider all the students in the country in general and classrooms in particular as if they had equal exposure to literary texts. The literary texts are not considering the students’ cultural background since almost all of the texts are written by foreign in foreign contexts. However, the literary texts are relatively good in relation to language skills aimed to be improved, their length, contents, topics and themes.
      PubDate: 2022-07-29
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • The Revitalization of Oral Traditional Ngendau Dayak Kenyah Based on
           Creative Industries

    • Authors: Rika Istianingrum, Sumiyadi Sumiyadi, Iskandarwassid Iskandarwassid, Tedi Permadi
      Abstract: Ngendau is an oral song from the Dayak Kenyah ethnic group in East Kalimantan. Ngendau is sung simultaneously by the performers in a performance of traditional events and daily life. The existence of the oral tradition began to be unknown to the younger generation of the Dayak Kenyah community. Therefore, there is a need for efforts to revive the oral tradition of ngendau so that it does not become extinct. This study aimed to revitalize the oral tradition of ngendau of the Dayak Kenyah community based on creative industries, namely by making documentary films. The creative industry in Indonesia has begun to be echoed to create the creativity of the creative young generation. The method used in this research was ethnography. Field data were obtained using observation techniques and in-depth interviews with informants. This research aimed to revitalize the Dayak Kenyah oral tradition in a documentary by empowering indigenous Dayak Kenyah women in Rindang Benua Hamlet, East Kalimantan, and creative actors in the form of a documentary East Kalimantan as a form of creative industry process. Revitalizing the ngendau oral tradition by making documentary films is one of the best efforts and provides benefits for the Dayak Kenyah community so that the younger generation can see and understand the oral tradition.
      PubDate: 2022-07-28
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Thinking Skills of ABM Senior High School Students of Philippine State

    • Authors: Emejidio C. Gepila JR., John Paul S. Agulto, Althea Kate F. Fetalcorin, Sophia E. Elgario
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the level of thinking skills of Accountancy and Business Management Senior High School Students of Philippine State University and tries to find out the relationship between thinking skills level and the age and sex of the respondents. The study used the descriptive-correlational method of research. The methods involved range from the survey which describes the status quo, the correlation study which investigates the relationship between variables, to developmental studies which seek to determine changes overtime. The descriptive method was utilized to describe the thinking skills level of the ABM Senior high school students. The correlation was employed in investigating the relationship between the thinking skills level of the respondents and their demographic profile limited only to age and sex. The researchers used a Test questionnaire in gathering the data needed to evaluate the thinking skills level of the respondents. Based on the findings, it was concluded that most of the respondents acquired low level thinking skills in Anderson and Krathwohl Taxonomy. It was also concluded that there was no significant relationship between the level of thinking skills of the respondents and their demographic profile. With the conclusions, it was recommended that school administrators may initiate faculty enrichment program to enhance teaching strategies geared towards the development of thinking skills. Teachers should expose students to different skills activities which will help the students to develop their thinking skills.
      PubDate: 2022-07-28
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Character Traits Oriented Learning Material Model as a Strategy to
           Strengthen The Character for Early Childhood

    • Authors: Dian Sudaryuni Kurnia, Andoyo Sastromiharjo, Yeti Mulyati, Vismaia Damaianti
      Abstract: This research is motivated by the results of observations with teachers about the phenomenon of children's character building through story that is inconsistent with the development of children ages 5-6 years. It is assumed that the stories that have been used by the teacher do not contain character traits. Thus, this study aims to develop a story model for building early childhood characters. The focus of the character traits in the story being developed, among others: honesty; environmental care, and caring for others. This study uses a research and development model. The analysis process uses a qualitative descriptive analysis of the results of observations on teacher responses as users. The steps are: potential and problems, data collection, product design, design validation, design revision, product testing. This research resulted in a product in the form of 3 stories entitled: Janji Kardosi, Cerita dari Samudra, and Pipit dan Elang. Book eligibility uses 2 criteria, instructional criteria and presentation criteria. The validation is carried out by academics (media expert tests) and practitioners in the field of early childhood education. Meanwhile, the readability of the three stories was carried by 6 teachers at RA Al Marhamah and RA Annur Cimahi City.
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Perceived Effects of COVID-19 Crisis on Budget Consumption of Filipino

    • Authors: Ernie Cortez Avila, Cleotilde L. Crescini, Gracia Jarabejo Abin
      Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the effects of the COVID19 crisis on the Budget Consumption of Filipino Families during the Enhanced Community Quarantine in some regions of Luzon, the Philippines, using the descriptive-inferential research methods. 237 Filipino families were the respondents of this study. It determined the families' profile, daily spending, and its test of significant difference before and during the Luzon-Wide Enhanced Community lockdown; the perceived effects of COVID19 Crisis on Budget Consumption; and its test of significant difference. It was revealed that: majority came from Region 5, from a family with 1 or more family members are government employee, student, with only one family member is working with irregular source of income, with an average combined monthly income of less than P10,000, and living together with 4-6 persons at home; the average daily consumption of the respondents before and during COVID19 crisis was within P100.00-P500.00; there was a highly significant difference in the daily spending of Families before and during Luzon-Wide Enhanced Community lockdown; they Moderately Agree that  Food consumption expenses; quantity of consumption of goods; income supplements were affected; and realized the importance of savings; they Agree that the COVID19 crisis changed their budget consumption preferences;  and Fairly Agree that they incurred loans and borrowings due to the Luzon-Wide Enhanced Community lockdown; there were significant difference on the Perceived Effects of COVID19 Crisis on Budget Consumption of Filipino Families among the regions, source of income and average combined monthly income of the family.
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • The Conceptualization of the Study of Social Justice: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: David Seetsa Makateng
      Abstract: To understand the nature of social justice as a concept one has to subscribe to the historical background of social justice and its relevance up to this day. The nature of this paper is to reveal the origins of the concept of social justice which stem from the religious context by an Italian philosopher named Luigi Taparelli. Social justice as a foundation of human rights is also presented in this paper. This paper attempts to explore on the following research questions, ‘what is social justice'’ what is the importance of social justice in the society' The main objective of this study is to discover the importance of social justice as the foundation of human rights account. This paper also substantiates the core message of principles of social justice in the society. Methodology adopted is exploratory and interpretive and data collected from various sources, books and journals in line with social justice. Ultimately, real solutions depend on new ideas that better reflect fundamental values social justice the paper concludes by putting forward the four types of justice.
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Predictive Accuracy of Social Comparison, Five Big Factors of Personality
           on Mood Contagion among Social Networking Users of Universities students

    • Authors: Mahmoud Ali Moussa, Abdullah Khretan Alenezi
      Abstract: The study aimed at Predictive Accuracy of Social Comparison, Five Big Factor of Personality in predicting of Mood Contagion among Social Networking Users of Universities students. The sample consisted of 288 students from volunteers' university stage students. The scales application was performed electronically by the google form platform. The study depended on a correlational approach. The paper used the Mood contagion, five big factors of personality in social networking scales, then the study produced the social comparison scale. The findings proved that two factors Neuroticism and Extraversion had positive effects on mood contagion. Finally, the social comparison had a positive effect on mood contagion.
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
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