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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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Journal of the History of Ideas
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.239
Number of Followers: 135  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0022-5037 - ISSN (Online) 1086-3222
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [305 journals]
  • Eilhard Lubin, Academic Unorthodoxy, and the Dynamics of Confessional
           Intellectual Cultures

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      Abstract: Lutheran universities are the last place a historian would look when hunting for non-conformity in early modern society.1 The paradigm of post-Reformation confessionalization—asserting that civil and ecclesiastical authorities deployed modernizing institutions and practices to unify the developing territorial state and enforce religious uniformity—has been questioned on a number of levels, but confessional universities, the institutions charged with forming obedient, orthodox pastors and civil servants, have remained relatively unshaken as apparent bastions of conformity.2 The need to protect orthodox theology (whether that orthodoxy was Catholic, Lutheran, or Reformed) meant that freedom of thought had to be ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Mystery of Mount Vesuvius's Crosses: Belief, Credulity, and
           Credibility in Post-Reformation Catholicism

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      Abstract: In today's usage, credulity and credibility have virtually opposite meanings. While credible beliefs are legitimate and praiseworthy because they are based on a reasonable assessment, credulity produces beliefs that a reasonable person would not find credible, and that consequently are defective and reprehensible. This understanding of credulity as both an intellectual deficiency and a moral weakness is a legacy of the Enlightenment. Enlightened philosophers believed that, as Denis Diderot wrote in the Encyclopédie, credulity was a distinctive "weakness of spirit" that caused people to believe "without discernment" and therefore to neglect "the most important prerogative of humanity."1 Several Enlightened ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Body Knowledge, Part II: Motion, Memory, and the Mythology of Modernity

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      Abstract: The history of civilization is packaged in a master narrative that distinguishes between two sets of people: those who bring modernity and those who receive it. This master narrative—this mythology of modernity—serves as the unspoken baseline assumption not only of the advocates of Western "progress" but also of its postcolonial critics. As the mythology of modernity would have it, modernity arrived in the form of the state and nonstate peoples are its "conscripts."1 Although they are not so volubly derided as primitives anymore, Indigenous people continue to be viewed as the flotsam of shattered tradition, cast adrift in a contemporaneity they did not create.2The special function of this mythology is to erase the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Locating Ludwig von Mises: Introduction

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      Abstract: Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises is commonly considered one of the most important figures for the reformulation of economic liberalism in the twentieth century. Yet there exists no scholarly consensus concerning the nature of his liberal thought. To some, he is a "paleo-liberal," wedded to an outdated nineteenth-century vision of laissez-faire political economy. To others, he is a neoliberal, allied epistemologically as well as socially with his protégé Friedrich Hayek, as well as Fritz Machlup, Gottfried Haberler, and other like-minded anti-socialists of the Mont Pelerin Society. To still others, he is the fountainhead of American libertarianism.The legacy of Mises's thought and institutional activities ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Politics of Rationality in Early Neoliberalism: Max Weber, Ludwig von
           Mises, and the Socialist Calculation Debate

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      Abstract: Marching under the diverse flags of classical liberalism, neoliberalism, libertarianism, paleoliberalism, or anarcho-capitalism, contemporary proponents of the Austrian School of economics draw different lessons from their "founding fathers," Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek. Some celebrate Mises and Hayek's work on central banking as the foundation for alternative monetary arrangements like cryptocurrencies. Others pull from their methodological writings on subjective value and limited knowledge to criticize the mathematical trajectory of neoclassical economics. Yet there is one position that not only unites the tradition's various currents but also serves as their litmus test—namely, that the historical ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Two Types of Separation: Ludwig von Mises and German Neoliberalism

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      Abstract: Ludwig von Mises and the main figures of German neoliberalism—Walter Eucken, Wilhelm Röpke, Alexander Rüstow, Franz Böhm, and Alfred Müller-Armack—represent the two extreme points on the spectrum of neoliberal thinking in the twentieth century. The fundamental differences between Mises and the German neoliberals were occasionally expressed in open sparring—for example, at the Walter Lippmann Colloquium of 1938 and in Mises's memorandum of December 1946. In his critical notes on the proposed statement of aims of the Mont Pelerin Society (MPS), Mises wrote, "Hayek's plan relies upon the cooperation of many men who are known for their endorsement of interventionism."1 Within the major texts of the first generation of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Repurposing Mises: Murray Rothbard and the Birth of Anarchocapitalism

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      Abstract: As libertarianism has become an increasingly influential movement in American politics, it has evolved in two strands: neoliberalism and radical libertarianism.1 While neoliberalism significantly influenced the shift toward deregulation, privatization, and marketization since the 1980s, radical libertarianism contributed to the development of the alt-right in the late 2000s. Most of the leaders on the new Far Right in America started out as radical libertarians.2 Though radical libertarianism's origins are complex, there is general agreement that the Austrian émigré economist Ludwig von Mises is a crucial influence. Mises influenced the economist Murray N. Rothbard (1926–95) deeply. From the 1950s through the early ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Neoliberal Economic Thinking and the Quest for Rational Socialism in
           China: Ludwig von Mises and the Market Reform Debate

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      Abstract: Ludwig von Mises's theoretical claim that economically rational socialism was impossible sparked the "socialist calculation debate" of the interwar period and established the Austrian economist as a founding father of neoliberal economic thinking. In his article "Economic Calculation in the Socialist Commonwealth" (1935 [1920]), Mises argued that while the world was "approaching nearer and nearer to socialism," economics figured "all too sparsely in the glamorous pictures painted by the Utopians."1 They promised that "in the cloud-cuckoo lands of their fancy, roast pigeons will in some way fly into the mouths of the comrades," but, according to Mises, "omit[ted] to show how this miracle is to take place."2 And in ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Notices

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      Abstract: Morris D. Forkosch PrizeThe Journal of the History of Ideas is pleased to announce the winner of the Morris D. Forkosch Prize ($2,500) for the best first book in intellectual history published in 2020: Hannah Marcus, for Forbidden Knowledge: Medicine, Science, and Censorship in Early Modern Italy, published by University of Chicago Press.Eligible submissions are limited to the first book published by a single author, and to books published in English. The subject matter of submissions must pertain to one or more of the disciplines associated with intellectual history and the history of ideas broadly conceived: viz., history (including the histories of the various arts and sciences); philosophy (including the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
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