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TD : The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1817-4434 - ISSN (Online) 2415-2005
Published by AOSIS Publishing Homepage  [33 journals]
  • Investigating groupings in pre-service accounting teachers’
           attitudes towards mathematics

    • Authors: Msizi Mkhize
      First page: 7
      Abstract: Background: A distinct mathematics proficiency is required in the study of accounting. The students’ success depends on attitudes towards mathematics that influence the participation rate of students in accounting modules.Aim: The main aim of the study was to investigate groupings in pre-service accounting teachers’ attitudes towards mathematics.Setting: The setting of the study was a higher education institution (HEI). This study was based on a survey of pre-service accounting teachers about their attitudes towards mathematicsMethods: This study used Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scales (F-SMAS). A convenient sample of the study was 255 Bachelor of Education (Accounting) students (first year = 143, second year = 77 and third year = 35). Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics with p < 0.050 level of significance.Results: The study found that mathematical ability, family, home context and geographical location were significant factors in determining attitudes towards mathematics and subsequent study of accounting.Conclusion: The study offers practical insights to navigate attitudes towards mathematics of students with the aim of setting mathematics support interventions given the several challenge students encounter in mathematics.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.4102/td.v18i1.1125
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Unintelligibility, personhood and curriculum silences of intersex bodies
           in the Life Orientation high school classroom: A case study

    • Authors: Anthony Brown
      First page: 8
      Abstract: Despite an increase in the research that promotes affirmative gender and sexual diversity in the South African Life Orientation (LO) education, there remains an uncomfortable silence on intersex bodies. In the absence of distinctive binary classifications of external genitalia, learners with variant intersex characteristics are incapable of integration into socio-educational environments. This article explores how individuals with variant intersex characteristics learn about the self in relation to society within LO lessons. It extrapolates factors that influence the educational and psycho-social agency in and around the classroom. This phenomenological study has drawn on in-depth interviews with six individuals with variant intersex characteristics post schooling. The evidence shows that the LO curriculum privileges distinct genital developments as a marker of normal human development and means of gender identification. Previous studies found that the mutually exclusive biological sex characteristics drawn from XY (male) and XX (female) chromosomal development were major determinants of social sexual and gender embodiment in puberty lessons. Lensed through the theory of unintelligibility, bodies that deviated from this normative development were seen as ambiguous and derogatively referred to as hermaphrodites. Their personal identities were marred with constructions of freaks and abnormality. Vilifying personhood rhetoric impacted the social skills of intersex learners and their peers. Learners with intersex bodies were uncomfortable to engage with the gender binary curriculum content, facilities and school culture. Silences on intersex bodies in the LO curriculum made these learners feel invisible which led to early school dropout. This article argues for the integration of intersex knowledge that affirms, humanises and protects all gender, sexual expressions and sex characteristics in the school context. The LO curriculum is well-positioned to disrupt problematic constructions of intersex bodies as deficit and embarrassing by including variant sex characteristic developments as a norm.
      PubDate: 2022-03-23
      DOI: 10.4102/td.v18i1.1099
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Water shortages in Beaufort West: Lessons learnt and applied during the
           2009–2011 and 2017–2019 droughts

    • Authors: Wessel P. Visser
      First page: 8
      Abstract: Increasing and prolonged droughts have become a feature of the South African environmental landscape. This article investigates the sustainability of water procurement to the town of Beaufort West and the reasons for the town’s water provision crises during the droughts of 2009–2011 and 2017–2019. Emergency measures were implemented to alleviate the serious water shortages during these droughts. Data to illustrate population increases and precipitation decreases, which impacted on the town’s water resources, were collected from census records of Statistics South Africa and the Department of Water and Sanitation, respectively. A number of risk factors contributed to the town’s water crises, for example, unsustainable water extraction at times of serious droughts, poor water monitoring, metering and attention to leakages, an expansion of informal settlements within the municipal boundaries of Beaufort West, as well as annual rainfall patterns that became increasingly unpredictable. The article concludes that water resource development had not kept pace with demand; therefore water infrastructure should be built with enough capacity to cope with regular dry periods. Equilibrium should be reached between the water expectations of the community and the water availability to avoid future social instability in water-stressed towns such as Beaufort West. Rainfall data indicate that precipitation patterns in the arid regions of South Africa are decreasing; therefore the water shortage experience of Beaufort West during the recent droughts serves as a clear and present warning that rural towns in these regions should seek and implement alternative water augmentation strategies timeously.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.4102/td.v18i1.1118
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Enablers and inhibitors of efforts to reduce Scope 3 emissions – The
           case of an ODeL university

    • Authors: Thelma Louw
      First page: 8
      Abstract: Background: The reconfiguration of the South African higher education landscape in 2003 and 2004 had a significant impact on the University of South Africa (UNISA) and Technikon SA (both distance education institutions) which merged to form the ‘new’ UNISA.Aim: The aim of this conceptual study is to explore the extent to which the policies of the post-merger UNISA are enablers or inhibitors of efforts to reduce its Scope 3 carbon emissions.Setting: Staff commuter patterns between the main campuses of UNISA and the policy environment that has an impact on such travel.Methods: The aim is achieved by means of a case study methodology that considers the relevant policies of the university and applicable results of a 2018 UNISA staff travel demand survey to determine whether the policies are incongruous with the institution’s attempts to reduce its carbon footprint in general, and its Scope 3 carbon emissions in particular. The impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on defining a ‘new normal’ for the university’s operations, and the impact thereof on staff commuting, have been discussed.Results: The study revealed that despite being an Open Distance E-Learning (ODeL) institution, the university has not put a coherent policy framework in place that undeniably supports its efforts to limit or reduce its Scope 3 carbon emissions. This was brought into stark focus by the measures the university was forced to put in place as a result of the COVID-19 lockdown regulations in South Africa, to ensure the continuation of its business.Conclusion: The conclusions will assist UNISA - and other universities which have had to revisit their operations as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic - to define a true ‘new normal’.
      PubDate: 2022-01-20
      DOI: 10.4102/td.v18i1.1104
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The management of mountain gorilla tourism in Uganda: Are the
           socio-economic benefits realised'

    • Authors: Gift Muresherwa, Washington Makuzva, Cynthia N. Dube, Imelda Amony
      First page: 9
      Abstract: Despite being endangered, the mountain gorilla (gorilla beringei beringei) is inextricably linked to tourism. With only 1069 primates globally, expanded conservation initiatives need to be extended to allow for continuous and sustainable benefits from gorilla tourism. This unique tourism niche has positively changed the economies of Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), where they are endemic. Vast opportunities emanate from the management and conservation of the great apes (e.g. poverty alleviation, economic growth, etc.). The study examined the management of mountain gorilla tourism and its socio-economic contribution to selected stakeholders in Butogota, a rural community next to the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (BINP). To achieve this, structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with six stakeholder groups. In order to gather samples for the study, convenience sampling and snowball sampling were used. Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and analysed with the help of the constant comparative method. Key findings show that mountain gorilla tourism activities benefit people in a number of ways, including job creation, entrepreneurial opportunities and expanded local infrastructure. The study highlights key imperatives for the effective management of mountain gorilla tourism, including developing infrastructure, investment in training, empowerment of locals, controlled access, and more conservation and dealing with the persistent corruption problem.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.4102/td.v18i1.1136
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Entrepreneurial orientation on business performance for small, micro and
           medium enterprises in the telecommunications industry: A management
           perspective

    • Authors: Medicine Magocha
      First page: 9
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship is playing a mediating role in ensuring that the impact of climate and technological changes are regulated and made adaptable and adoptable for humanity through entrepreneurial innovations. In this article, a critical discourse analysis is conducted to establish the facts regarding the influential relationships affecting entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and business productivity for small, micro and medium enterprises (SMMEs) in the information and communications industry in Zimbabwe. An exploratory quantitative methodology using a positivist approach was applied to reinforce the independence of the researcher and to eliminate bias in the exploration of the orientations. Data were collected from 308 entrepreneurial entities located in different parts of the Harare urban zones, which were randomly sampled. One of the major findings of this research points conspicuously to the inevitability of EOs. Accordingly, it is recommended that enterprise regulators, legislators and the state should emphasise the inclusion of EO in the existing body of knowledge, and support telecommunications business practitioners to make significant decisions on strategic risk management when conducting strategic formulation and implementation.
      PubDate: 2022-02-02
      DOI: 10.4102/td.v%vi%i.1053
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Sustaining student wellness in higher educational institutions: Possible
           design principles and implementations strategies

    • Authors: Karien Henrico
      First page: 9
      Abstract: Popular discourse identifies education as the cure for many of society’s ills. However, surviving university is often seen as a period in which students face a unique array of challenges. Many students begin their tertiary education as holistically-well individuals, but due to the stressors related to University, students often show incremental signs of psychological, physical and emotional distress. These often lead to a decrease in academic competence and severe professional ramifications. The aim of this study was to identify design principles and explore the perceptions of professionals concerning possible implementation strategies that could be suitable for Higher Educational Institutions, particularly Health Science and Medical School students. A qualitative, three-phase multi-approach design was used in this study. Phase one was conducted by means of an explorative desktop literature review, there after phase 2 included a self-management, self-coaching and appreciative coaching concept map, that was aligned to concepts within the current individual wellness literature and in phase 3, Appreciative Inquiry based focus group discussions were held with various professional in the field of coaching, education, and healthcare. Wellness programmes are impacted by the fact that Higher Education Institutions face unique challenges such as time, financial constraints, and an already overloaded curriculum. Five design principles were described, and various implementation strategies explored. There is a fundamental necessity to address the distortion of wellness within HE. A key finding in this study suggests that combining self-coaching, appreciative coaching and self-management principles could facilitate a successful individual wellness programme for higher educational students.
      PubDate: 2022-01-31
      DOI: 10.4102/td.v18i1.1114
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Formation of professionalism: A courtship between academic staff and
           prospective clinical associates

    • Authors: Pieter H. Du Toit, Lumbani Tshotetsi, Sabatine Carvalio-Zongo, Melissa Olifant, Bonolo Mpholo, Murray Louw
      First page: 13
      Abstract: Background: The study was conducted to the background of a qualification in medical clinical practice offered at a Faculty of Health Sciences at a university in South Africa.Aim: The aim of the study was to determine how the theory of Whole Brain® thinking informed our professionalism and its relevance to transforming self and practice.Setting: The study was conducted in the context of a higher education institution, the University of Pretoria. The focus is specifically on the Bachelor of Clinical Medical Practice (BCMP). It has been offered since 2009.Methods: Participatory action research was the design of choice. The participatory part culminated in working as a collective in a scholarly community of practice. What is reported is the use of the Herrmann Brain Dominance Instrument® (HBDI®) as a research instrument. It was used to determine the thinking preferences of the lecturers. Each lecturer obtained their brain profile that served as baseline data for self-study in the future. The profiling revealed their strengths and areas that they needed to work on – as individuals and as a team.Results: The theory of Whole Brain® thinking was identified as an enabler towards transforming self and practice. This transformation involved both lecturers and prospective clinical associates.Conclusion: The value of the study mainly lies in the development of the professionalism of the lecturers. Linked to professionalism is the value of using the theory of Whole Brain® thinking that primarily informed the teaching practice of the lecturers. And secondary to this, the students’ authentic clinical practice, which included patients and simulated practice where peers act as patients. The study contributed to the scholarship of teaching and learning in a medical clinical context and to participatory action research – both interrogated from a Whole Brain® perspective for the first time in the context in question.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.4102/td.v18i1.1174
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Table of Contents Vol 17, No 1 (2021)

    • Authors: Editorial Office
      First page: 3
      Abstract: No abstract available.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.4102/td.v17i1.1190
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Acknowledgements to reviewers

    • Authors: Editorial Office
      First page: 1
      Abstract: No abstract available.
      PubDate: 2021-12-21
      DOI: 10.4102/td.v17i1.1188
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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