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FORENSIC SCIENCES (43 journals)

Showing 1 - 39 of 39 Journals sorted alphabetically
American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 352)
Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255)
Clinical Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
European Polygraph     Open Access  
Forensic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Forensic Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Forensic Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 362)
Forensic Science International : Mind and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Forensic Science International : Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Forensic Science International : Synergy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Forensic Science International: Animals and Environments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forensic Science International: Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Forensic Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Forensic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Forensische Psychiatrie, Psychologie, Kriminologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Forensic Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Clinical Pathology and Forensic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Criminology and Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 286)
Journal of Forensic Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Forensic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Forensic Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Forensic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 367)
Journal of Forensic Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Forensic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research and Reports in Forensic Medical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Brasileira de CriminalĂ­stica     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Sri Lanka Journal of Forensic Medicine, Science & Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Theory and Practice of Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews : Forensic Science     Hybrid Journal  
Similar Journals
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Journal of Criminology and Forensic Science
Number of Followers: 9  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2408-2430 - ISSN (Online) 2673-0588
Published by Royal Police Cadet Academy Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Cuticle Hair Analysis of Drug Abusers by Scanning Electron Microscope

    • Authors: Nanthicha Sommanus, Thiti Mahacharoen
      Pages: 1 - 15
      Abstract: The purpose of this research was to study the structure of the hair cuticle (the outer layer of a human hair) of drug abusers who took each type of drug, and to classify the use of drugs from human hair by using a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). 65 samples were collected from the hair of the drug abusers who took Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, Cannabis, Ecstasy, Ketamine and Kratom. The results found that the hair cuticle structures of the drug abusers who took each type of drug were different. The most damaged hair cuticle structure was from the Methamphetamine abusers, although the hair cuticles of Amphetamine and Cannabis abusers were also damaged. In addition, the dominant characteristics of the hair cuticles of the Cannabis abusers were protruding or bulging out. The samples of hair cuticles from Ecstasy and Ketamine abusers were found to have some structural cuticle damage, but the hair samples of Kratom abusers were undamaged. To conclude, the SEM can be applied to analyze the outer layer of hair, known as the cuticle, and distinguish the types of drugs used by some drug abusers.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • The Factors Efficiency Explosive Ordnance Disposal in Border Patrol Police

    • Authors: Titima Chumcher, Narong Kulnides
      Pages: 16 - 30
      Abstract: The purposes of this research were to study on the effectiveness of the explosive ordnance disposal operation of the EOD police officers; to compare the factors concerning the EOD operation of the EOD police officers in Border Patrol Police Bureau according to personal factors; and to study on motivations which had effects on the effectiveness of the EOD operation. The present research was conducted in the form qualitative research with 138 EOD police officers in Border Patrol Police Bureau. The research instrument was the questionnaire. The statistical analysis included frequency, means, standard deviation; the analysis of variance with t-test and f-test ANOVA; and the pairwise comparison with least square difference (LSD) and multiple linear regression. The research findings were as follows, All participants were male, and most of them were at the age of 41 – 50 years with graduation lower than Bachelor’s degree. Their police rank was police senior sergeant major in the position of squad leader. Their salary and extra payment were 31,001 – 39,000 baht and their operational period was more 21 years. The results of the study showed that the effectiveness of the EOD operation on crime scene management, crime scene investigation, and crime scene security was at the “Much” level. The t-test could not be implemented on gender comparison because the whole population were males. The results of the analysis of variance (f-test ANOVA) revealed that age, educational level, police rank, work position, and operational period did not have effect on the effectiveness of explosive ordnance disposal operation of the EOD police officers in Border Patrol Police Bureau, except salary and extra payment. The pairwise comparison with least square difference (LSD) showed that the EOD police officers who obtained slary and extra payment at the range of 7,000–15,000 baht, 15,001–23,000 baht, 23,001–31,000 baht, 31,001–39,000 baht and more than 39,000 baht were found with different effectiveness in EOD operation regarding crime scene mangement, crime scene investigation, and crime secen security. In multiple linear regression, it was found that work motivation was the supporting factor, and relationship among colleagues had effects on the explosive ordnance disposal of the EOD police officers in Border Patrol Police Bureau at the significance level of 0.05.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • The Risk of Victimization of Online Banking Crimes among Students of
           Srinakharinwirot University

    • Authors: Sunphob Vittayathong
      Pages: 31 - 44
      Abstract: This research aims to examine the level of risky behaviors associated with online financial transactions, to study the relationship between personal factors and the level of risky behaviors, and to explore guidelines on the prevention of online financial transaction crime. The sample group of study included 400 Srinakharinwirot University students, who were asked to answer the questions via an online questionnaire. In addition, the data were collected from 10 people using in-depth interviews. The statistical techniques employed to analyze the data included t-test, F-test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient at a statistically significant level of 0.05.The results of the research showed that the respondents exhibited low risk of being the victim of online banking crime. For the hypothetical testing, it was found that students who were different in age and school year had a significant difference of risky behaviors regarding online banking crimes at the significant level of 0.05. Moreover, the level of obtaining information about cybercrime including the perceived value of information, safety knowledge, and perceptions of threats, were significantly corelated with risk behaviors regarding online banking crimes. Some important suggestions include informing people more about risks of becoming a victim of online banking crimes and self-prevention guidelines by paying attention to and updating information about computer security, particularly students who are under 18 years old.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • The Study of Pulse Rates Affecting The Quality of Handwriting

    • Authors: Ailada Samluan, Nich Wongsongja
      Pages: 45 - 56
      Abstract: This research aims 1) to study the effect of pulse rates on handwriting quality and 2) to compare the handwriting of people with different pulse rates through comparison of the handwriting of those with normal pulse rates (60 – 100 times/minute) and those with higher pulse rates (120-140 times/minute). The sample group in this study consists of 30 students from Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, aged between 20-25 years old. The samples have normal health and mental state with no chronic diseases. Their blood pressure and pulse rates are recorded. This experimental study is conducted by having the samples write specified messages three times using rollerball pens, then, increasing their pulse rates to 120-140 times/minute through biking of electric bicycles, after that, having them write the messages again three times. The quality of handwriting is then analyzed using the CorelDraw Graphics Suite X7 program reviewing 5 of its aspects which include thin letter, normal letter, large letter, letter spacing, gap, and handwriting level. Next, the results are compared and processed through statistical analysis with relevant computer programs. Through comparative analysis by Independent-Samples T-Test, the study finds out that the writing traits in the gap and the level are different (statistical significance at 0.05), while the writing traits in the sizes of letters (thin, normal, and large) and the spacing of letters are not different (statistical significance at 0.05). As a result, it is revealed that the handwriting quality of people with different pulse rates show difference in the spacing and the leveling of letter. Therefore, it is suggested that forensic science officials responsible should pay attention to the weight of handwriting and the height and the bending of letters when observing writing traits in forensic document examination.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Application of Adsorbents in Sample Preparation for Analysis of Gasoline
           by The Headspace-gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry Technique

    • Authors: Thirawat Aungsittipoonporn, Ekdanai Timachai, Somsak Fongsupa
      Pages: 57 - 74
      Abstract: Forensic investigation of flammable liquids from fire evidence using the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with sample extraction from fire evidence was studied, because the sample of fire evidence is large and contaminated with water. However, this method causes damage of the evidence and loss of gasoline components. The aim of this research was to study the application of adsorbents for direct analysis of gasoline by headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-GC-MS) without the extraction. This research studied three types of absorbents, including carbon strip, activated carbon and bamboo charcoal, subjected to absorb gasoline vapor. Then, the absorbents were analyzed by using the HS-GC-MS without sample extraction compared with GC-MS with sample and absorbent extraction. The results showed that the efficiency of carbon strip for analysis of gasoline by the HS-GC-MS was significantly higher than that of activated carbon and bamboo charcoal (p< 0.05) under optimal conditions for gasoline absorption at 60 °C and 8 hours. The means of percent recovery for direct analysis of gasoline from carbon strip, activated carbon and bamboo charcoal by using the HS-GC-MS were 85.22, 68.79 and 38.42, respectively, whereas the means of percent recovery for analysis of gasoline extraction from carbon strip, activated carbon and bamboo charcoal by using the GC-MS were 79.94, 56.34 and 40.29, respectively. After that, carbon strip absorbent was then tested for its performance for gasoline investigation of mock-up fire evidence, including cloth, plywood, papers and soil. The gasoline investigation of mock-up fire evidence showed that analysis of gasoline directly from carbon strip absorbent by using the HS-GC-MS had significantly higher percent recovery than analysis of gasoline extracted from carbon strip absorbent and work-up fire evidence by using the GC-MS (p<0.05). Altogether, it can be concluded that carbon strip is the best studied absorbent for forensic investigation by using the HS-GC-MS without sample extraction.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Legal Issues in The Collection and Retention of The Prisoner’s DNA
           in Thailand

    • Authors: Nantaphak Bunnag, Tanatthep Tianprasit
      Pages: 75 - 89
      Abstract: This research aimed to studying the general information of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA), relevant theories and literature regarding the collection and retention of the prisoner's DNA in Thailand, laws and regulations about the permission of DNA sample and DNA profile, related government agencies monitoring DNA national database. In this research, foreign laws and practical guidelines are applicable and analytically compared to Thailand concerning DNA issues. By research use documentary research with in-depth interviews with key informants involved in the area of studies. The study revealed that recent in Thai laws, the government officer's legal authority to collect DNA sample of the prisoner is not currently exerted. These problematic conditions result from Thailand's criminal procedure code, which specifies that DNA information can only be collected from the body parts in investigation and jurisdiction levels. This authority is not given to the government officials working with the inmate in prison. Therefore, the new law issuing or amending should be proceeded by authorizing government staff to collect the prisoners' DNA samples like in some countries, although they are unwilling to be treated like that. Apart from the previous recommendation, retention of DNA sample and DNA profile the culprit should be concerned about considering the appropriate time and returning moral people back to society after prison life. In terms of the responsible government agency in controlling and monitoring the national DNA database, there should be only one government department handling and managing Thailand's national DNA database.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • The Suicide Situation and Methods in Relation to Gender-Age-Region in
           Thailand in 2012-2016

    • Authors: Chanyarak Meewongsom, Suwanna Cowawintaweewat, Attaphol Chamsuwanwong
      Pages: 90 - 107
      Abstract: This study aimed to determine the suicide rates during the period 2012-2016 in region of Thailand. Suicide rates per 100,000 individuals were analyzed and percentage of suicide methods were calculated for gender and age ranges among Thai regions. Chi-squared test was used to analyze the association between methods used and gender, age ranges and regions. Also, the in-depth interview for suicides were obtained from psychiatrists. The highest suicide rate was observed in 2015 (6.47 deaths per 100,000) while the lowest suicide rate was observed in 2014 (6.08). The suicide rates were 3.39 – 4.15 times higher in men than in women. The suicide rates in adults and elders (age range of 30-89 years) were greater than 6.30. Northern Thailand showed the highest annual suicide rates. The suicide rates in Northeastern and Central regions showed the increasing trend whereas Southern region showed the decreasing trend. The most common methods of suicide were hanging, strangulation, and suffocation; followed by the use of pesticides and animal toxins; chemicals and other toxins; and bullets. The suicide methods used varied significantly between regions, gender and age ranges (p < 0.01). The opinion of most psychiatrists was a clear tendency for suicide rate to increase. The recommended solutions were to strengthen the cognitive immunity in childhood, family and community relationships; strictly control the devices used for suicide; and improve the public health system. Therefore, in-depth studies and analyzes of each area are needed to inform the basis for the more effective implementation of related government agencies.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Guidelines for Preventing Property Crime Victimization of Foreign Tourists
           in The Chana Songkram Metropolitan Police Station Area

    • Authors: Arnun Sutthinun, Seksan Khruakham, Sorat Glubwila
      Pages: 108 - 121
      Abstract: This research aimed to study the factors and conditions for victimization, to study the problems and obstacles for police officers enforcing the laws to prevent victimization, and to study the guidelines for preventing victimization. The data were collected by in-depth interviews and observations. The key informants were seven police officers, five entrepreneurs, and six foreign tourists. The results of the study are concluded as follows: The factors and conditions for victimization consist of the negligence of the tourists, the crowded condition of the neighborhood, and the isolated location of many accommodations and restaurants. The problems and obstacles for police officers enforcing the laws to prevent victimization are language barriers and damaged and insufficient CCTVs that result in being unable to check real time footage. As for the guidelines for preventing crime against the property of the tourists, there should be measures to make the neighborhood safer. Also, there should be a mobile application for foreign tourists who travel in Thailand to provide travel tips and warnings. The police should also study crime maps and statistics for each period to organize more effective police patrol and have community police officers to prevent crimes and inform tourists about the vulnerable times and places. There should also be cooperation among police, entrepreneurs and tourists.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • A Factor Influencing Cybercrime among Social Media Users in Bangkok
           Metropolitan Region

    • Authors: Kittikhun Meethongjan, Wongyos Keardsri
      Pages: 122 - 135
      Abstract: This research aims to study a factor influencing the cybercrime of social media users in the Bangkok metropolitan region. The mixed research method consisting of quantitative research and qualitative research was applied for this research. There are 4 factors involved: 1) personal information 2) social media user behavior 3) understanding of cybercrime and 4) cybercrime rate. There are 6 hypotheses: 1) the personal information has resulted in different the behavior of social media users 2) the personal information has resulted in different knowledge and understanding of cybercrime 3) the personal information has resulted in different cybercrime rates 4) the social media user behavior influences the knowledge and understanding of cybercrime 5) the social media user behavior influences the cybercrime rates and 6) the understanding of cybercrime influences the cybercrime rates. The result showed that personal information affected the behavior of the average social media user, the knowledge and understanding of the average cybercrime, and the average cybercrime rate. At the same time, the behavior of social media users has the same direction influence on the understanding of cybercrime and cybercrime rates. However, the understanding of cybercrime influences the opposite direction of the cybercrime rate.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • A Good Practice for Cybersecurity Teaching Curriculum: A Case Study of The
           Royal Police Cadet Academy

    • Authors: Wongyos Keardsri
      Pages: 136 - 150
      Abstract: This article is a research study for designing, experimenting, and developing a good practice of teaching curriculum in cybersecurity, which is a special course for the teaching of the Royal Police Cadet Academy. Currently, the education program for police cadets is in public administration. There are still not enough courses related to cybersecurity. Therefore, this research has an important objective to promote and develop a new teaching model and learning curriculum in cybersecurity for police cadets to have sufficient knowledge for performing their duties in cybercrime cases after graduation. The course structure is divided into two parts: 1) the study of necessary knowledge of computer science for cybersecurity learning, and 2) the study of cybersecurity principles, which can also be divided into the knowledge of offensive cybersecurity which consists of programming for ethical hacking, network and machine exploitation, web exploitation and pwnable, and the knowledge of defensive cybersecurity that consists of reverse engineering, digital forensic, cryptography and the application of OSINT tools. The teaching activities will be game-based learning which is called CTF or capture the flag. The research study found that the samples of police cadets have significantly increased their cybersecurity skills after completing the course and they can show the performance and potential in cybersecurity at the military, national, and international levels.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Questioning in Cases of Missing Persons with Dementia

    • Authors: Damrongsak Kwaunkwai, Sarit Suebpongsiri, Narttida Susri
      Pages: 151 - 162
      Abstract: This article presents the questioning in cases of missing persons with dementia. The objective is, to study the structure of questioning in case of missing persons with dementia from relevant articles reports, guidelines, from Thailand and other countries. The primary goal is to speed up data collection, for the purpose of search planning which will , increase the chance of finding the missing person and reducing the risk of harm to The is because the search for missing persons with dementia should start within the first 6 hours since disappearance. It is hoped that the content of this article will benefit the development of related missing persons practices, resulting in the safe return of missing person with dementia.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • The Expansion of Organized Cybercrime During The COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Takrit Kaewtubtim
      Pages: 163 - 180
      Abstract: This article presents the expanding trend of organized cybercrime threat that correlates with the increased uses of the internet during the COVID-19 pandemic and the states’ COVID-19 restrictions. The article surveys the evolution of organized cybercrime in a modern era and the connection between organized crime and cybercrimes that exploit the profits out of the COVID-19 pandemic. Example of 4 types of cybercrimes that are increasingly committed by organized crime includes (1) internet frauds such as scamming and phishing, (2) ransomware, (3) infiltration of online marketplaces, and (4) human rights violations such as human trafficking and sexual exploitation. Furthermore, the challenges and recommendations relating to the prevention and suppression of organized cybercrime during the COVID-19 identified from the current literature are summarized for the benefits of further development in the suppression of organized cybercrime in the context of Thailand.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Illegal Migrant Workers and New Wave of COVID-19 Outbreak

    • Authors: Poonpat Kamonwutipong
      Pages: 181 - 188
      Abstract: The high demand for labor in Thailand causes the problem of illegal migrant workers. Illegal migrant workers are smuggled into the country by private brokers and corrupt government officers. The smuggling of illegal migrant workers occur along the Thai border through natural channels. Illegal migrant workers have caused many problems, including the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. The causes of the new wave of COVID-19 outbreaks include illegal entry into the country without screening for the disease, crowded living and lack of good hygiene. The problem of illegal migrant workers should be cooperation between the government, private sectors and people to resolve this problem. The solution should consist of preventing illegal immigration, bringing illegal migrant workers into the legal system and the protection of health rights of migrant workers.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • A Concept of Crime Prevention on Applications of Artificial Intelligence
           for Combatting Online Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse

    • Authors: Pinyo Meephiam, Usanut Sangtongdee
      Pages: 189 - 204
      Abstract: This review paper aims to present a concept of crime prevention on various applications of artificial intelligence (AI) for combatting online child sexual abuse and exploitation. It primarily focuses on the importance of online child sexual abuse prevention and the role of artificial intelligence in child protection. Importantly, the concept of environmental crime prevention strategies including public health model of crime prevention and situational crime prevention has been employed to elaborate the concept of online child sexual abuse prevention by the application of AI-based tools. The proposed crime prevention strategy has been analysed in comparison with the COVID-19 prevention and control strategy which includes three levels of prevention: primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. This crime prevention concept is expected to reduce the opportunities for offending and child victimisation, improve access to justice for children by AI-enabled hotlines for reporting suspected online child abuse, and accelerate the removals of child sexual abuse material by the application of AI-based tools in the online environment.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Guidelines for Using Bioinformatics in Forensic DNA Profiles

    • Authors: Pornvipa Werukanjana, Supunsa Malikhao
      Pages: 205 - 219
      Abstract: Nowadays, Bioinformatics is applied for the analyses of forensic DNA profile that has become one of the most foremost and significant tools of crime investigations. Bioinformatics have revolutionized the ability to use DNA profile information to link crime scene evidence to perpetrators. The advantages of this technique can be linked to highly effective authentication and identification. According to the standards of the United States National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that DNA bioinformatics can be used for research and forensic science. Trials and tests are used as a sample data to create their own DNA database system before entering the actual data. Currently, some agencies use DNA databases for international DNA comparison searches, such as the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) but many agencies are not members they will not be able to access the system. Therefore, agencies that are not members of the DNA index system will create their own database to use and compare DNA in order not to affect the existing important information. It is necessary to find a source of DNA to create a DNA bioinformatics database system that is accurate and consistent with existing standard verification systems. This article discusses the organizations involved such as organizations that provide reference standards DNA resources used for preliminary research and testing for DNA comparisons. As well as guidance on creating a bioinformatics database of DNA for the organizations are not members of the DNA index system. DNA Database does not deep into technical depth by presenting guidelines for database creation DNA bioinformatics for building a self-organized DNA bioinformatics database.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
 
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