Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8196 journals)
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FORENSIC SCIENCES (43 journals)

Showing 1 - 39 of 39 Journals sorted alphabetically
American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 352)
Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255)
Clinical Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
European Polygraph     Open Access  
Forensic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Forensic Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Forensic Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 362)
Forensic Science International : Mind and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Forensic Science International : Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Forensic Science International : Synergy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Forensic Science International: Animals and Environments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forensic Science International: Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Forensic Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Forensic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Forensische Psychiatrie, Psychologie, Kriminologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Forensic Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Clinical Pathology and Forensic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Criminology and Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 286)
Journal of Forensic Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Forensic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Forensic Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Forensic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 367)
Journal of Forensic Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Forensic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research and Reports in Forensic Medical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Brasileira de CriminalĂ­stica     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Sri Lanka Journal of Forensic Medicine, Science & Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Theory and Practice of Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews : Forensic Science     Hybrid Journal  
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Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine
Number of Followers: 14  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2349-5014
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [448 journals]
  • Evaluation of frontal sinus index in establishing sex dimorphism using
           three-dimensional cone beam computed tomography in Northern Saudi Arabian
           population

    • Authors: Krishna A Rao, Radhika Doppalapudi, Naif Tami Al-Shammari, Santosh Patil, Sudhakar Vundavalli, Mohammad Khursheed Alam
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Krishna A Rao, Radhika Doppalapudi, Naif Tami Al-Shammari, Santosh Patil, Sudhakar Vundavalli, Mohammad Khursheed Alam
      Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):1-5
      Purpose: Identification of sex of unknown people becomes important in situations of mass disaster. Previous studies have shown that morphological characteristic of frontal sinus is distinctive to particular individual and hence, literature suggests that it can be used in establishing identification of a person. However, few researches have concluded that, its use in determining sexual dimorphism is limited. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate frontal sinus index using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and differentiate sex dimorphism based on the index obtained. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was undertaken using three-dimensional-CBCT scans. By simple random sampling method, 150 scans were selected, out of which 74 were of male and 76 were of female within the age group of 20–64 years. The frontal sinus width and the height were measured, and the ratio was taken as frontal sinus index. This index was correlated to the differentiation of sex. Data were analyzed using SPSS, and sex dimorphism was assessed using discriminant function analysis. Results: The mean height of the frontal sinus in both males and females was 30.12 ± 7.6 mm and 30.14 ± 7.8 mm, respectively. The mean width of frontal sinus in males (13.39 ± 3.6 mm) was slightly more than that of females (12.06 ± 3 mm). Conclusion: The parameter frontal sinus index measured using CBCT was found to be a contributing factor in sex determination in forensic identification within the sample population.
      Citation: Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):1-5
      PubDate: Thu,17 Mar 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/jfsm.jfsm_19_21
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Management of aluminium phosphide poisoning with a holistic approach at
           NHL municipal medical college and hospital, Ahmedabad

    • Authors: Dheeraj B More, Mahendra N Wankhede, Harshad Malve
      Pages: 6 - 10
      Abstract: Dheeraj B More, Mahendra N Wankhede, Harshad Malve
      Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):6-10
      Background: Aluminium phosphide is a usual ingredient of rodenticide and its poisoning is a common cause of suicide in India. Signs and symptoms of its toxicity are well-known. Its toxic effects are mainly due to liberation of phosphine gas which causes cell hypoxia due to inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation and results in circulatory failure. Aims and Objectives: Mortality with aluminium phosphide is high as there is no specific antidote available yet. And hence we need to explore holistic treatment approach to improve patient outcomes in aluminium phosphide poisoning. Materials and Methods: Present study discusses a holistic treatment approach to aluminium phosphide poisoning in this retrospective analysis of 100 cases from a tertiary care hospital in this study. Results: Around 65% patients survived due to the holistic treatment approach and correct treatment protocol with supportive therapy. Conclusions: The aggressive and appropriate management with continuous hemodynamic monitoring and holistic treatment approach can reduce the mortality significantly in aluminium phosphide poisoning.
      Citation: Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):6-10
      PubDate: Thu,17 Mar 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/jfsm.jfsm_52_21
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA-based identification of some forensically
           important calliphoridae (diptera) in Luoyang of China

    • Authors: Mengzi Yang, Weiping Zhang, Adilai Tuerxun, Yaonan Mo, Xiandun Zhai
      Pages: 11 - 16
      Abstract: Mengzi Yang, Weiping Zhang, Adilai Tuerxun, Yaonan Mo, Xiandun Zhai
      Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):11-16
      Introduction: Calliphoridae plays a key role in forensic entomology research, which is one of the first insects to decompose animal carcasses.The mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I and the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) are among the most widely used molecular markers for insect taxonomic characterization. Aim: The aim of the study was to test the suitability of two genetic markers based on conducting the molecular identification of six necrophagous Calliphorid flies. Materials and Methods: Fourteen Calliphoridae flies were collected and classified with traditional morphological characteristics. The DNA of flies was extracted and the fragments of COI and ITS2 were amplified and sequenced. All the sequences were aligned and analyzed by MEGA 7 software for NCBI BLAST, nucleotide composition, intra- and inter-specific divergence calculation, and phylogenetic tree inference successively. Results: The results indicated that COI and ITS2 genes were robust in the identification of Calliphoridae at the species level and ITS2 gene sequence possessed a strong resolution power as it showed higher variation values between Lucilia sericata and Lucilia cuprina, Calliphora vomitoria and Triceratopyga calliphoroides, C.vomitoria and Aldrichina grahami, but inferior to COI for T. calliphoroides and A. grahami. Conclusions: Our results showed that combination of COI + ITS2 genes yields more accurate identification and diagnoses and better agreement with morphological data than the mitochondrial barcodes alone. As a supplementary method for morphological identification, we advocated for the combination of nuclear and mitochondrial gene approaches to address the taxonomy and phylogeny of forensic relevant flies, especially of closely related species and populations.
      Citation: Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):11-16
      PubDate: Thu,17 Mar 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/jfsm.jfsm_3_21
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • On the possibilities of using some modern three-dimensional modeling means
           in forensic examination

    • Authors: Dmitry S Afonin, Iryna V Hora, Valerii A Kolesnyk, Inna I Popovych, Iryna V Kuchynska
      Pages: 17 - 23
      Abstract: Dmitry S Afonin, Iryna V Hora, Valerii A Kolesnyk, Inna I Popovych, Iryna V Kuchynska
      Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):17-23
      Background: The paper examines the state and prospects of using 3D modeling in solving identification, classification, diagnostic and situational tasks of forensic examination. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to analyze the world expert practice of using scientific and technical means of three-dimensional modeling in solving problems of forensic examination, using the example of our country, the leading countries of Europe, as well as the United States. Materials and Methods: The empirical basis of the study is the results of the systematization of scientific and technical means for 3D modeling in solving identification, classification, diagnostic and situational problems of forensic examinations used in the expert practice of Ukraine, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and the USA. Results: The systematization of modern scientific and technical means for 3D modeling, used in solving identification, classification, diagnostic and situational tasks of forensic examination, has been carried out. We analyzed and identified 3D modeling software that most fully meets the requirements of effective forensic expert activities. The features of the use of effective 3D modeling mean for solving identification, classification, diagnostic and situational tasks of forensic examination, namely the software systems “ToolScan” and “TrasoScan”, and the SketchUp program have been disclosed. Conclusion: The introduction of the SketchUp 8 software into forensic expert activities will increase the effectiveness of the modeling method in forensic examinations, which, in turn, will have an impact on the effectiveness of expert conclusions, increase their evidentiary value and, as a result, contribute to the entire process of a criminal investigation.
      Citation: Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):17-23
      PubDate: Thu,17 Mar 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/jfsm.jfsm_57_21
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Postmortem nasopharyngeal swabs performed during the COVID-19 infection:
           Analysis of preliminary clinical records by the genoa institute of legal
           medicine (North-West Italy)

    • Authors: Martina Drommi, Rosario Barranco, Arianna Balbo, Stefano Errico, Francesca Maria Elena Frigiolini, Manuela Mangioni, Giulia Molinari, Alessandra Zappi, Patrizia Caligiuri, Francesco De Stefano, Francesco Ventura
      Pages: 24 - 31
      Abstract: Martina Drommi, Rosario Barranco, Arianna Balbo, Stefano Errico, Francesca Maria Elena Frigiolini, Manuela Mangioni, Giulia Molinari, Alessandra Zappi, Patrizia Caligiuri, Francesco De Stefano, Francesco Ventura
      Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):24-31
      COVID-19, the disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, is highly contagious. The persistence of the virus after infected individuals die remains unclear. This article reports the findings taken from postmortem nasopharyngeal swabs performed to investigate the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in the corpses transferred to the Genoa District Mortuary from the outset of the Italian lockdown (March 9) to the end of the first emergency phase (July 13). One hundred and eighty swabs were carried out: 13 corpses resulted positive for the virus, with the diagnosis being reached only after death. Seven were male and 6 female with an average age of 73.5 years old. The most frequent comorbidities recorded were arterial hypertension, diabetes, Alzheimer's, and pulmonary disease. In two cases, the swab tested positive at a distance of 125 h and 165 h from actual death. The nasopharyngeal swab results a useful way to screen corpses for COVID-19 and to handle bodies in Legal Medicine Centers where safe autoptic rooms are not available. Swabs are also a means of safeguarding forensic pathologists, identifying the presence of breeding grounds in the community and providing information for the Public Prosecutor's Office in legal cases. They are able to produce reliable results up to at least 7 days following death, provided that the corpse is correctly preserved.
      Citation: Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):24-31
      PubDate: Thu,17 Mar 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/jfsm.jfsm_5_21
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Comparison of adult defendants' forensic psychiatric evaluation in
           criminal courts between Mainland China and Taiwan China: From law to
           clinical practice

    • Authors: Wai-Cheong Carl Tam
      Pages: 32 - 40
      Abstract: Wai-Cheong Carl Tam
      Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):32-40
      The defendant's mental capacity is often crucial in criminal procedure, and an expert witness may be requested to conduct a forensic psychiatric evaluation. This paper analyzes the law and clinical practice of adult defendants' forensic psychiatric evaluation in criminal courts between Mainland China and Taiwan China. Results indicated that the law in Taiwan China explicitly mentioned more mental illness and mental capacity than the law in Mainland China regarding forensic psychiatric evaluation. Concerning expert witnesses, Mainland China has established a registration and management system, but in Taiwan China, the judge decides the expert witness's admissibility. Furthermore, clinical evaluation guidelines have been promulgated in Mainland China, while none in Taiwan China. Implications of the findings were discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine 2022 8(1):32-40
      PubDate: Thu,17 Mar 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/jfsm.jfsm_76_20
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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