Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8196 journals)
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FORENSIC SCIENCES (43 journals)

Showing 1 - 39 of 39 Journals sorted alphabetically
American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 352)
Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255)
Clinical Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
European Polygraph     Open Access  
Forensic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Forensic Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Forensic Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 362)
Forensic Science International : Mind and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Forensic Science International : Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Forensic Science International : Synergy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Forensic Science International: Animals and Environments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forensic Science International: Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Forensic Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Forensic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Forensische Psychiatrie, Psychologie, Kriminologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Forensic Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Clinical Pathology and Forensic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Criminology and Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 286)
Journal of Forensic Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Forensic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Forensic Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Forensic Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Forensic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 367)
Journal of Forensic Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Forensic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research and Reports in Forensic Medical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Brasileira de Criminalística     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Sri Lanka Journal of Forensic Medicine, Science & Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Theory and Practice of Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews : Forensic Science     Hybrid Journal  
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Journal Cover
Journal of Forensic Practice
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.205
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 68  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2050-8794 - ISSN (Online) 2050-8808
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • A qualitative study exploring the experiences of multi-disciplinary staffs
           in a medium secure service when working from home and virtually during the
           COVID-19 pandemic

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      Authors: Kim Liddiard
      Abstract: Little is known about the personal and professional experiences of staff when working virtually and from home during the COVID-19 pandemic in a medium secure environment. This study aims to overcome this issue. The current study used a qualitative design to specifically explore the following areas with nine multi-disciplinary staff using a semi-structured group discussion: how their everyday working practice had changed during the pandemic, the perceived impact of these changes on themselves as professionals, as well as identifying strengths and limitations associated with any new ways of working. A thematic analysis was conducted producing four main themes: emotional overload and confusion; technological problems; accessibility and emotional connectivity; adapting and making good. Data suggested that staff could experience feelings of guilt, loneliness and a sense of under-performing when working from home and virtually. Problems with technology in terms of resources and connectivity were also evident although unexpected advantages of virtual consultations included supporting gatekeeping and admissions assessments, allowing external stakeholders to better attend inpatient care and treatment planning meetings alongside improved family relations for patients. While this study has added to the existing knowledge base, it does have limitations that should be acknowledged when reading and drawing conclusions from the paper. First, a small sample was used and so the findings likely have poor generalizability outside of secure settings. Second, the small sample could mean that the current findings may not be representative of the views and experiences of the wider staff group employed within the service. Finally, the lead researcher who subsequently analyzed the data was employed within the service and may well have imposed their own biases on the data; however, this was potentially overcome by having a second rater review the emerging themes. The COVID-19 pandemic brought with it radical and innovative ways of working, and it is now important to consider lessons learned to further develop and support such new ways of working: one important area for further consideration is improved oversight of the psychological impact of home working on health-care professionals. It is, therefore, recommended that worker well-being be explored more regularly by line managers and clinical supervisors and sufficient safeguards introduced to reduce or remove any adversity identified. Of note, these safeguards/strategies should be both psychological and practical in nature. If elements of virtual working are set to continue post-pandemic, for example in the case of long distance admission assessments and/or to support external stakeholders attending patient meetings, then time and effort needs to be spent on improving access to resources, connectivity and the advancing of available technological equipment to support this working practice. This could be achieved via improved information technology relations to support technical troubleshooting and to provide much needed ongoing support. Enhanced training for staff in IT skills to better use equipment and approved platforms is also recommended. The acknowledged gains that emerged as a result of patients having access to iPads and tablets during the COVID-19 pandemic now needs to be extended and explored further to consider all of the other significant contributions greater access to these technologies could afford to patients’ recovery post-pandemic in secure environments. The experiences of staff working virtually, and from home, through a pandemic in secure services are relatively unknown. This paper, therefore, aims to contribute to the limited evidence base.
      Citation: The Journal of Forensic Practice
      PubDate: 2022-06-14
      DOI: 10.1108/JFP-04-2022-0017
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Digital displacement of youth offending: addressing the issue

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      Authors: Alex McCord , Philip Birch , Lewis A. Bizo
      Abstract: Global evidence suggests a potential displacement of youth offending from the physical to the digital landscape, requiring revision of existing detection and intervention methods. This study aims to explore pathways from harmful to illegal online activity perpetrated by young people, legislation and police perspectives, current detection methods and interventions. This perspective paper examines issues observed within a larger systematic literature review on digital youth offending. A trajectory from acceptable to harmful and subsequently illegal behaviour was identified, with a particular pathway from unethical video game activity to digitally dependent offending. Legislation and police perspectives vary by jurisdiction, with a common theme that increased officer education is key to the level of preparedness to investigate cases. Machine learning and automatic prevention show promise as detection and disruption processes, with education recommended for young people as a deterrent and redirection of skills to positive outcomes. Recommendations for further research include a broad survey of school students to include all identified areas of digital offending, which could drive the development of targeted education by law enforcement and partner agencies for young people. The shift in youth offending requires the justice and educational systems to adjust how they respond to youth crime. Policy and practise shifts can include further exploration of investigative hacking, education for law enforcement and educational prevention and redirection programmes aimed at youth. The digital displacement of youth offending is a progressively emerging concept. This paper examines the current state of response from educational and law enforcement agencies and discusses the next steps based on what is currently known.
      Citation: The Journal of Forensic Practice
      PubDate: 2022-06-06
      DOI: 10.1108/JFP-03-2022-0012
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Developing immersive videos to train social cognition in individuals with
           schizophrenia in forensic psychiatry

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      Authors: Mathieu Dumont , Catherine Briand , Ginette Aubin , Alexandre Dumais , Stéphane Potvin
      Abstract: This study aims to develop immersive scenarios (immersive videos) to foster generalization of learning while addressing social cognition, a factor associated to violence in schizophrenia. The authors sought to develop immersive videos that generate a sense of presence; are socially realistic; and can be misinterpreted and, if so, lead to anger. A multiphase mixed method was used to develop and validate the immersive scenarios. The development phase consisted of preliminary interviews and co-design workshops with patients (n = 7) and mental health practitioners (n = 7). The validation phase was conducted with patients (n = 7) and individuals without mental disorders (n = 7). The development phase led to the creation of five scenarios (S1, S2, S3, S4, S5); they included social cues which could lead to self-referential and intentional biases. Results of the validation phase showed that all scenarios generated a sense of presence and were considered highly realistic. Three scenarios elicited biases and, consequently, moderate levels of anger (annoyance). Immersive videos represent a relevant and accessible technological solution to address social-cognitive domains such as self-reference bias. No intervention using immersive technologies had been developed or studied yet for individuals with schizophrenia at risk of violence in secure settings. This project demonstrated the feasibility of creating immersive videos which have relevant attributes to foster generalization of learning in the remediation of social-cognitive deficits.
      Citation: The Journal of Forensic Practice
      PubDate: 2022-06-02
      DOI: 10.1108/JFP-06-2021-0034
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 3 (2022)
       
  • The experience of inequality and its impact on mental illness – thematic
           analysis of patients’ lived experiences admitted to secure mental health
           hospital

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      Authors: Kristina Brenisin , Aile Trumm , Elizabeth Akinwande , Kieran Breen
      Abstract: The concept of inequality refers to being treated unfairly in society and its impact on mental illness has been explored primarily using a quantitative research approach. Patients’ lived experiences of inequalities prior to their admission to a secure care setting need to be addressed with a higher priority as they can serve to improve our understanding of the factors underlying the development of mental illness at a personal level. The aim of this study is to explore participant’s views on whether for them the experience of inequality is associated with the development of mental illness. A qualitative study, using a thematic analytical approach, was carried out to explore patients’ lived experiences of inequalities. A total of 11 participants, who were receiving treatment in a UK secure mental health hospital, were recruited into this study. The concept of inequality was explored using semi-structured interviews. Data showed that patients had experienced a variety of inequalities which had negative impact on their mental health. Four main themes were identified from thematic textual analysis – abuse and its impact, a lack of support, the issue of labelling and the importance of understanding. Data showed that patients had experienced a variety of inequalities which had negative impact on their mental health. Four main themes were identified from thematic textual analysis – abuse and its impact, a lack of support, the issue of labelling and the importance of understanding. This is the first study, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, to consider intersectionality and admission to mental health units by interviewing patients in secure mental health setting.
      Citation: The Journal of Forensic Practice
      PubDate: 2022-05-12
      DOI: 10.1108/JFP-12-2021-0063
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Service user experiences of a psychologically enhanced resettlement
           service [PERS] in an English open prison

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      Authors: Dannii Jarvis , Jake Shaw , Tamsin Lovell
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the experiences of adult male prisoners presenting with personality difficulties in an open (Category D) prison in the UK and their experience of a pilot offender personality disorder (OPD) pathway Psychologically Enhanced Resettlement Service (PERS) in the prison. Thirteen participants who had engaged with PERS were interviewed about their experiences of open conditions and the service. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis. Two superordinate themes were identified relating to participants’ experience of open conditions, highlighting the challenges they faced. These were “the impact of institutionalization” and “relational barriers”. Two superordinate themes were identified relating to participants’ experiences of PERS; these were “relationships with staff” and “service structure”. Each superordinate theme had subordinate themes. Analysis is based on a small number of interviews in one male prison, and only qualitative data were collected. A mixed-methods approach would enable the triangulation of results. Clinical importance for the pilot service is established, and there should be consideration for the rollout of PERS to other open establishments. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first to explore the experiences of Category D prisoners within the open estate engaging with a pilot OPD pathway service. Findings illustrate the difficulties OPD service users encounter managing the transition into open prison conditions and highlight elements of the PERS model that can support this process. Clinical and research implications are identified.
      Citation: The Journal of Forensic Practice
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
      DOI: 10.1108/JFP-11-2021-0061
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 3 (2022)
       
  • The dark figure of violence committed by discharged psychiatric inpatients

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      Authors: Kaitlin Hardin , Nicholas Scurich
      Abstract: Official criminal justice statistics (e.g. arrest rates) underestimate the frequency of crime because not all crime gets reported to authorities, a phenomenon known as the “dark figure of crime.” The present study aims to examine the dark figure of violence committed by discharged psychiatric patients. Multiple reporting modalities permitted a direct comparison between patients whose violence was officially detected to those whose violence was self-reported but not officially detected, along with differences in the nature of violent acts. Only 5% of violent individuals were officially detected, 26% of violent individuals were both officially detected and self-reported their violent behavior, while 68% of violent individuals self-reported their violent behavior and were not officially detected. The type of violent acts did not vary as a function of whether they were officially detected or self-reported. However, differences were observed for the location of violence, the relationship to the victim and whether an injury resulted. Older individuals, those with prior arrests and those with higher psychopathy scores are some of the factors associated with an increased likelihood of officially detected violence. The data were collected from three sites in the USA. Generalizing the specific findings to other locations and countries ought to be done cautiously. Studies ought to include multiple methods to measure violence. Self-report seems to be especially important to the extent one is concerned with measuring actual violence rather than violence that gets detected by legal authorities. This study highlights an important limitation of relying exclusively on official criminal justice statistics when studying violence or recidivism in the community.
      Citation: The Journal of Forensic Practice
      PubDate: 2022-05-02
      DOI: 10.1108/JFP-11-2021-0058
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Narratives of life after political imprisonment: Republican and Loyalist
           ex-prisoners in Northern Ireland

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      Authors: Nigel Hunt , Stacey Willis
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of prison experience in ex-political prisoners in Northern Ireland in the context of changing and conflicting master narratives. A series of nine interviews were conducted with Loyalist and Republican political ex-prisoners in Northern Ireland. Eight were male and one was female. All had been in prison for substantial sentences relating to the Troubles. This study highlighted the challenges faced by political ex-prisoners regarding the changing conflicting master narratives in Northern Ireland and identified how they deal with these challenges. The participants adapted to post-conflict society by attempting to understand and make sense of their experiences, including justifying their actions as appropriate for the era and identifying positive changes in society resulting from the conflict. A narrative approach can be beneficial for understanding the experiences of political ex-prisoners. It enables a theoretical perspective to look not only at the personal but also at social elements of why people behave as they do. The findings demonstrate that political ex-prisoners do have different experiences to non-political ex-prisoners. The sample size was small and was drawn from a specific group of political ex-prisoners who were actively seeking reconciliation. The findings may be different for other groups. A narrative approach can help the practitioner understand the context in which a person lives; ex-political prisoners may be very different from ordinary ex-prisoners because of the context in which they were imprisoned and the reasons for which they were imprisoned. They are likely to continue with the narrative of the conflict they fought in and may still have the same aims (e.g. Northern Ireland to become part of Ireland), though they may or may not believe in the same means. These are issues that should be discussed and elaborated when working with ex-political prisoners. The master narratives active in the society into which the political ex-prisoner is released may impact the success or otherwise of their re-integration into society. Understanding the role of conflicting master narratives in dealing with the implications of being an ex-political prisoner.
      Citation: The Journal of Forensic Practice
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.1108/JFP-10-2021-0052
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Finding words for the unspoken: family intervention in forensic settings

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      Authors: Andy Cook , Julie Payne
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to describe family intervention (FI) with four families in which the service user is under the care of forensic mental health services. There is a focus on identifying how systemic practice is used or adapted in working with families who have a family member who has presented risk and caused harm. Four case studies are used to provide a basis for the exploration of commonalities in practice between the cases and the utility of FI within forensic services, which have the dual purpose of promoting mental health recovery and reducing offending/risk behaviour. Family work can be a key healing tool in the recovery journey of forensic service users and their families. An integrated systemic and psycho-educational FI approach was found to be appropriate in the cases described. Issues particular to forensic services are identified; these include the role of safety planning; the function of talking about the history of trauma in the family including the impact of offending behaviour; mediating difficult relationships between family members and professionals; and overcoming barriers to having difficult and emotive conversations. The absence of outcome assessments limits the findings to observational data and self-reported experiences from the authors. FI can be safely and effectively used within forensic settings, facilitated by practitioners competent in working with trauma and complexity, as an integrated component of the therapeutic treatment. There are recognised barriers to the provision of FI within forensic settings, with limited research regarding the application of such therapies with forensic patients and their families. This paper adds to the small pool of knowledge regarding useful applications of FI in such settings.
      Citation: The Journal of Forensic Practice
      PubDate: 2022-04-14
      DOI: 10.1108/JFP-01-2022-0007
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 3 (2022)
       
  • The Journal of Forensic Practice

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