Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8810 journals)
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INTERNAL MEDICINE (180 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 180 of 180 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abdomen     Open Access  
ACP Hospitalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ACP Internist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
ACP Journal Club     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Acta Clinica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acute and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Acute Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
American Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Anales de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy & Physiology : Current Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Colorectal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 392)
AORN Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
Archives of Drug Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivos de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMI Journal : Bariátrica & Metabólica Iberoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
BMJ Quality & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Bone & Joint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 138)
Brain Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Brain Science Advances     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of General Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Death & Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cephalalgia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cephalalgia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada     Free   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Liver Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 98)
Clinical Thyroidology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
CNE Pflegemanagement     Hybrid Journal  
Communication Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Current Hepatology Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research: Integrative Medicine     Open Access  
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Internist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 603)
Diabetes Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 578)
Diabetes Internacional     Open Access  
Diabetes Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Neurosurgery     Open Access  
Egyptian Liver Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Spine Journal     Open Access  
EMC - Aparato Locomotor     Hybrid Journal  
Endovascular Neuroradiology / Ендоваскулярна нейрорентгенохірургія     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
eNeuro     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
European Journal of Translational Myology     Open Access  
European Radiology Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Head and Neck Tumors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
HemaSphere     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatology Communications     Open Access  
Hepatoma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ImmunoHorizons     Open Access  
Immunological Medicine     Open Access  
Infectious Diseases: Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Inflammation and Regeneration     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Inflammatory Intestinal Diseases     Open Access  
Innere Medizin up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Internal and Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Internal Medicine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Anatomy and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Iranian Journal of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JAMA Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 364)
JCSM Clinical Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
JHEP Reports     Open Access  
JIMD Reports     Open Access  
JMV - Journal de Médecine Vasculaire     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
JOP. Journal of the Pancreas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Basic & Clinical Physiology & Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Bone Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cancer & Allied Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives     Open Access  
Journal of Cutaneous Immunology and Allergy     Open Access  
Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of General Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Liver : Disease & Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical Internet Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Pancreatic Cancer     Open Access  
Journal of Renal and Hepatic Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Solid Tumors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Jurnal Vektor Penyakit     Open Access  
La Revue de Medecine Interne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Lege artis - Das Magazin zur ärztlichen Weiterbildung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Liver Cancer International     Open Access  
Liver Research     Open Access  
Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Molecular Therapy - Oncolytics     Open Access  
Multiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
MYOPAIN. A journal of myofascial pain and fibromyalgia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Neuro-Oncology Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neurobiology of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Neurointervention     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Neuromuscular Diseases     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Alcohol     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Oncological Coloproctology     Open Access  
Open Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Pleura and Peritoneum     Open Access  
Pneumo News     Full-text available via subscription  
Polish Archives of Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Preventing Chronic Disease     Free   (Followers: 2)
Progress in Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Prostate International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pulmonary Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Quality of Life Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Fonoaudiología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Sociedad Peruana de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical     Open Access  
Revista Hispanoamericana de Hernia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Médica Internacional sobre el Síndrome de Down     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Child Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Schlaf     Hybrid Journal  
Schmerzmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Scientific Journal of the Foot & Ankle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SciMedicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
SEMERGEN - Medicina de Familia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thieme Case Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tijdschrift voor Urologie     Hybrid Journal  
Tissue Barriers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Transgender Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
US Cardiology Review     Open Access  
Vascular and Endovascular Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ожирение и метаболизм     Open Access  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cephalalgia Reports
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2515-8163 - ISSN (Online) 2515-8163
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1151 journals]
  • Methylation analysis of NPTX2 and SH2D5 genes in chronic migraine: A
           case–control study

    • Authors: Sara Pérez Pereda, María Toriello Suárez, Vicente González Quintanilla, Agustín Oterino
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Methylation of two CpG sites related to neuronal pentraxin II protein (NPTX2) and SH2 domain containing 5 protein (SH2D5), corresponding to two neuroplasticity genes, has been associated to headache chronification. We aimed to investigate the epigenetic modification of these two genes in chronic migraine (CM).Methods:We conducted a case–control study in which the DNA of 305 age- and sex-matched subjects classified according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders version beta (ICHD-III β) in CM (109), episodic migraine (EM; n = 98), and healthy controls (HC; 98) was analyzed. Real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR was performed using specific methylation primers for two representative CpG sites within these genes.Results:We found no significant differences in methylation level between CM, EM, and HC in the first exon of the NPTX2 gene nor in the 5′ upstream region of the SH2D5 gene. Methylation level in the first exon of the NPTX2 showed a low correlation with age (r = 0.266; p < 0.005).Conclusion:We did not find methylation level differences in analyzed regions related to NPTX2 and SH2D5 in our CM sample. Despite the potential relevance of neuroplasticity genes in headache chronification, we conclude that CM is a more heterogeneous clinical diagnosis than desired and that an epigenetic marker remains elusive.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-05-11T06:53:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320923592
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • Evaluation of the pharmacokinetic interaction and safety of ubrogepant
           coadministered with acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs:
           A randomized trial

    • Authors: Abhijeet Jakate, Ramesh Boinpally, Matthew Butler, Kaifeng Lu, Kristi Womack, Danielle McGeeney, Antonia Periclou
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Ubrogepant is a novel, oral calcitonin gene–related peptide receptor antagonist approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for acute treatment of migraine with or without aura in adults.Objectives:To assess potential pharmacokinetic (PK) drug–drug interactions in healthy participants and inform the safety and tolerability of ubrogepant alone and in combination with acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in healthy participants and participants with migraine.Methods:Two phase 1, three-way crossover studies randomized healthy adults to 100 mg ubrogepant alone, 1000 mg acetaminophen or 500 mg naproxen alone, and 100 mg ubrogepant plus 1000 mg acetaminophen or 500 mg naproxen. Geometric mean ratios (GMRs) and 90% confidence intervals were calculated based on statistical comparison of maximum plasma drug concentration (C max) and area under the plasma drug concentration–time curve (AUC) for treatment in combination versus alone. Two phase 3 randomized trials included adults with migraine. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were evaluated.Results:Time to C max and terminal elimination half-life for all treatments were unchanged when coadministered. Ubrogepant C max and AUC increased by approximately 40% when coadministered with acetaminophen. Acetaminophen C max decreased by 24% (GMR = 0.76) when coadministered with ubrogepant. There were no significant PK interactions between ubrogepant and naproxen. TEAE rates in the acetaminophen and NSAID rescue medication groups were similar to ubrogepant alone.Conclusions:Coadministration of ubrogepant and acetaminophen resulted in a statistically significant increase in ubrogepant exposure and a decrease in acetaminophen C max; however, these changes were not clinically relevant. No statistically or clinically relevant changes in PK were associated with ubrogepant and naproxen coadministration. No safety concerns were identified for ubrogepant alone or in combination with acetaminophen or NSAIDs.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-05-05T12:22:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320921186
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • Isolated headache and its association with characteristics and outcome of
           cerebral venous sinus thrombosis

    • Authors: Banafsheh Shakibajahromi, Afshin Borhani-Haghighi, Hossein Molavi Vardanjani, Mehrnaz Ghaedian, Farnia Feiz, Anahid Safari, Etrat Hooshmandi, Ashkan Mowla
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      We aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcome, hospital stay, and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) development of patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) who presented with isolated headache. In a retrospective study, consecutive patients with a definite diagnosis of CVST referred to Namazi hospital (Shiraz University of Medical Sciences) from 2012 to 2016 were included. Clinical, radiological, and prognostic characteristics and outcome on discharge (using modified Rankin Scale (mRS)) were compared between the CVST patients who presented with isolated headache and other CVST patients through univariate analyses. The associations of isolated headache with poor outcome (mRS > 2), presence or development of ICH, and duration of hospital stay were assessed through multivariable analyses. Of the 174 patients, 45 (26.0%) presented with isolated headache. Presence of isolated headache was more frequent in men (p value = 0.048) and patients with thrombophilia (p value = 0.040). Lateral sinus involvement was more common in patients with isolated headache (p value = 0.005). After adjustment for other variables, the isolated headache was significantly associated with shorter hospital stay (odds ratio (OR): 0.85, confidence interval (CI): 0.73–0.99) and lower risk of early ICH (OR: 0.314, CI: 0.132–0.749). Although poor outcome was significantly less frequent in patients with isolated headache on univariate analysis (p value < 0.001), this association was not significant in multivariable analysis (OR: 0.324, CI: 0.035–2.985). CVST patients with isolated headache had lower ICH events and shorter hospital stay. CVST should be considered as a possible differential diagnosis in certain patients who present only with headache, particularly those with diffuse progressive headache, or underlying provocative conditions.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-04-21T11:13:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320919961
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • Pulsed radiofrequency on the occipital nerve for treatment of
           short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache: A case report

    • Authors: Fatima López Gonzalez, Isabel Beltrán Blasco, Cesar Margarit Ferri
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache (Short-lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform headache attacks with Conjunctival injection and Tearing (SUNCT)/Short-lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform headache attacks with Autonomic Symptoms) is a trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia with difficult treatment and its management is based on neuromodulator drugs and sometimes ablative procedures on the trigeminal nerve. A positive response to occipital anesthetic blocks and peripheral and deep neurostimulation has also been described. We present the case of a patient with criteria of left SUNCT and transient response to occipital anesthetic blocks, satisfactorily controlled with pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) of the occipital nerve. Upon examination, the patient had tenderness in the left greater occipital nerve (GON). Blockade was performed with anesthetic and corticosteroid, obtaining a highly positive but transient response. After several nerve blocks, the patient was referred to the Pain Unit where pulsed radiofrequency on the left GON was performed. After two sessions, more than 90% of reduction of pain was achieved, maintained for 12 months. There haven’t been found data in the literature on the use of GON PRF for the treatment of SUNCT, while there are descriptions for other types of cranial pain. The intention of our case is to make this procedure to be considered as an alternative for the treatment of this entity in patients who respond to anesthetic blocks.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-04-07T03:46:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320908262
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • Managing external cold-stimulus headache with preventive naproxen

    • Authors: Anthony Khoo, Michelle Kiley, Peter J Goadsby
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      The management of external cold-stimulus headache has previously focused on trigger avoidance, which can be an impractical and sometimes impossible solution. We describe the case of a 20-year-old woman who presented with a typical example of external cold-stimulus headache, and in whom a preventive regime of naproxen taken 30 min prior to cold exposure was associated with reliable prevention of cold-induced headache symptoms. This could be an effective strategy for managing patients with cold-stimulus headache for whom cold triggers cannot be avoided.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-04-06T12:46:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320915696
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • Headache in patients with Tourette syndrome: A systematic literature
           review

    • Authors: Jack Bearpark, Datapwa Pamilerin Mujong, Stefano Seri, Andrea Eugenio Cavanna
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Aim:To systematically review the available literature on the prevalence and clinical characteristics of headache in patients with Tourette syndrome (TS), a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by the chronic presence of motor and vocal tics.Design:We conducted a systematic literature review of original studies using three clinical databases (Medline, EMBASE and PsycInfo), according to the standards outlined in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Outcome measures included both tic severity and tic frequency.Results:Our systematic literature review identified six studies on the prevalence and characteristics of headache in patients with TS (data on paediatric patients were available from five studies and data on adult patients from four studies). The proportion of patients with TS who had a diagnosis of headache ranged from 29% to 62%. Migraine was the most commonly investigated headache disorder in this patient population. The findings of the reviewed studies showed that the prevalence of migraine in patients with TS ranges between 13% and 43% and is significantly higher compared to the two control groups (p < 0.05).Discussion:The prevalence of headache in patients with TS could be higher than in the general population, with the most reliable data being available for migraine. Overall, the literature on the prevalence and characteristics of headache in TS is sparse and highly heterogeneous. Further research on the prevalence and clinical correlates of migraine, tension-type headache and other types of headache in patients with TS across the lifespan is needed to inform clinical practice aimed at improving health-related quality of life in patients with tics.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-04-01T12:11:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320915711
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • Treatment patterns of patients diagnosed with major headache disorders: A
           retrospective claims analysis

    • Authors: David Kudrow, Sagar Munjal, Leah Bensimon, Tasneem Lokhandwala, Binglin Yue, Anna D’Souza Coutinho, Stephen D Silberstein
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Objective:To describe patient characteristics, treatment patterns, and health care costs among patients diagnosed with major headache disorders overall and by type (tension-type headache [TTH], migraine, cluster headache [CH], or >1 primary headache type), and secondarily to evaluate drug treatment patterns among triptan initiators with a major headache diagnosis.Methods:Using US claims data from January 2012 through December 2017, we identified adults with evidence of a major headache disorder: TTH, migraine, or CH; the first diagnosis date was deemed the index date. To evaluate triptan use specifically, patients who initiated triptans were identified; the first triptan claim date was deemed the index date. Patient characteristics, treatment patterns (concomitant treatments, adherence, number of fills), and annual health care costs data were obtained.Results:Of the 418,779 patients diagnosed with major headache disorders, the following 4 cohorts were created: TTH (8%), migraine (87%), CH (1%), and >1 primary headache type (4%). The majority used analgesic (54–73%) and psychotropic (57–81%) drugs, primarily opioids (36–53%). Headache-related costs accounted for one-fifth of all-cause costs. Of the 229,946 patients who initiated triptans, the following 7 study cohorts were analyzed: sumatriptan (68%), rizatriptan (21%), eletriptan (5%), zolmitriptan (3%), naratriptan (2%), frovatriptan (1%), and almotriptan (
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-03-27T10:23:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320913992
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • A triad of cluster-like headaches with delayed development of a
           macroscopic prolactinoma: A case report

    • Authors: Stephanie A Ihezie, Manisha Chandalia, Mark J Burish
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Pituitary hormone testing is recommended in refractory cluster headache (CH), but supporting evidence is limited. We present a patient with cluster-like headaches and a negative brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 1 year after headache onset. He failed multiple medication trials. Three years after headache onset, additional workup showed abnormal pituitary labs including hyperprolactinemia and a brain MRI with a 15 × 15 × 14 mm3 enhancing pituitary lesion. With cabergoline 0.25 mg twice weekly, the patient has been headache-free for over 2 years. This case supports the recommendations for pituitary testing in refractory CH, even if imaging is initially negative for a pituitary tumor.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-03-12T11:09:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320911032
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • Neurovascular changes in magnetic resonance imagining and single-photon
           emission computed tomography during migraine attack in patients with FHM2
           mutations

    • Authors: Azusa Nagai, Daiki Tanaka, Kiyomi Kuroshima, Shigehisa Ura, Kazuto Yoshida, Yuji Takahashi, Ichiro Yabe
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      The aim of this article is to provide neuroimaging data on cases with familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM). A 14-year-old male presented normal diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) findings during his first hemiplegic migraine attack. However, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) showed diffuse narrowing of the right middle cerebral artery. Cerebral blood flow–single-photon emission computed tomography showed right hypoperfusion. A follow-up study showed no abnormal findings. His mother had normal DWI, FLAIR, and MRA findings during her migraine attack. Both patients were diagnosed with FHM2 (p.R763H mutation in ATP1A2). This study highlights the importance of neurovascular examinations during the FHM2 headache phase. Further cases are required to clarify the pathophysiology of migraine.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-02-27T11:42:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320908642
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • Economic burden of migraine in Singapore

    • Authors: Jonathan Jia Yuan Ong, Devanshi Patnaik, Yee Cheun Chan, Oliver Simon, Eric A Finkelstein
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Objective:Despite the high prevalence and disabling nature of migraine, studies evaluating its economic burden in Singapore remain scant. This study aims to quantify the per capita and aggregate economic cost of episodic migraine (EM; ≤14 monthly headache days) without aura among full-time employees in Singapore.Methods:We administered a cross-sectional online survey to full-time employees in Singapore who met the International Classification of Headache Disorders (third edition, 2018) criteria for EM without aura. Eligible participants were classified by the frequency of monthly migraine days (MMDs): lower end episodic migraine (LEM; ≤3 MMDs) and upper end episodic migraine (UEM; 4–14 MMDs). The survey captured per capita healthcare resource utilization and lost work productivity (absenteeism and presenteeism) for each subgroup. Healthcare costs were obtained by multiplying unit costs by healthcare utilization. Finally, per capita (patient) costs of each subgroup were then imputed and multiplied by prevalence data to quantify the aggregate burden of migraine in Singapore.Results:Of the 606 participants who completed the survey, 81% experienced ≤3 MMDs. Total annual per capita costs were SGD4925 (USD 3620; 95% confidence interval (CI): SGD 4438–5411) and SGD14,476 (USD 10,639; 95% CI: SGD 11,908–17,045) for the LEM and UEM subgroup, respectively. Healthcare costs on average accounted for 17.6% of per capita costs, of which was driven primarily by diagnostic tests (33.6%), followed by consultations (17.1%), medications (16.7%), alternative medications (16.6%) and hospitalizations (14.8%). Lost productivity accounted for 82.4% of costs, chiefly attributable to absenteeism in the LEM group (38.2%), followed by presenteeism in the UEM group (26.0%), absenteeism in the UEM group (18.8%) and presenteeism in the LEM group (17.1%). The total cost to Singapore for EM in 2018 was approximately SGD 1 billion (USD 0.75 billion; SGD 1.00 = USD 0.74).Conclusion:Overall, EM imposes a substantial economic burden on society in Singapore. Total migraine cost per capita is greater in the UEM (4–14 MMDs) as compared to the LEM subgroup. Majority of the overall costs result from missed workdays and lost work productivity. Future research should determine the extent to which optimized migraine treatments could improve productivity, and by extension, mitigate the staggering costs of this disorder.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-02-26T09:49:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320908241
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • The effect of multiple doses of ubrogepant on the pharmacokinetics of an
           oral contraceptive in healthy women: Results of an open-label,
           single-center, two-period, fixed-sequence study

    • Authors: Chi-Chung Li, John Palcza, Jialin Xu, Bob Thornton, Wendy Ankrom, Abhijeet Jakate, Eugene E Marcantonio
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Ubrogepant is a novel, oral calcitonin gene–related peptide receptor antagonist for acute treatment of migraine. This study evaluated potential drug–drug interactions between ubrogepant and an oral contraceptive containing ethinyl estradiol (EE) and norgestimate (NGM).Methods:This open-label, single-center, two-period, fixed-sequence study enrolled healthy, postmenopausal or oophorectomized, adult women. In period 1, participants received a single oral dose of EE 0.035 mg/NGM 0.25 mg (EE-NGM) followed by a 7-day washout. In period 2, participants received oral ubrogepant 50 mg daily on days 1–14; single-dose EE-NGM was coadministered with ubrogepant on day 10. Pharmacokinetic parameters for plasma EE and norelgestromin (NGMN) were compared with and without ubrogepant.Results:Twenty-two participants aged 46–66 years were enrolled; 21 completed the study. Geometric mean ratios and 90% confidence intervals for the comparison of EE-NGM + ubrogepant to EE-NGM alone were contained within 0.80 and 1.25 for area under the plasma drug concentration–time curve (AUC) from time zero to infinity (AUC0–∞; 0.96 [0.91, 1.01]) and C max (0.91 [0.82, 1.004]) of NGMN and AUC0–∞ (0.97 [0.93, 1.01]) of EE, but not C max of EE (0.74 [0.69, 0.79]). Median t max of EE was delayed following EE-NGM + ubrogepant (3.0 h) versus EE-NGM alone (median of 1.5 h), whereas median t max of NGMN was unchanged (1.5 h). Geometric mean apparent terminal half-life (t ½) was similar with and without ubrogepant for EE (23 vs. 21 h) and NGMN (36 h both conditions). All ubrogepant-related adverse events were mild or moderate.Conclusion:Ubrogepant did not demonstrate potential for clinically meaningful drug–drug interactions with an EE-NGM oral contraceptive.Trial registration:Not applicable (phase 1 trial)
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-02-26T09:46:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320905082
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • Headache highlights 2019: Junior editors’ choice

    • Authors: Kuan-Po Peng, Shih-Pin Chen, Larus S Gudmundsson
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.

      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-02-12T11:55:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816320903292
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • Sentiment analysis of real-world migraine tweets for population research

    • Authors: Hao Deng, Qiushi Wang, Dana P Turner, Katherine E Sexton, Sara M Burns, Matthias Eikermann, Dianbo Liu, Dan Cheng, Timothy T Houle
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Migraine is a highly prevalent disorder that is typically episodic in nature. Social network data reflecting personal commentary on everyday life patterns, including those interrupted by migraine, represent a unique window into the real-life experience of those willing to share them. The experience of a migraine attack might be captured by twitter text data, and this information might be used to complement our current knowledge of activity in the general population and even lead to enhanced prediction.Objective:To characterize tweets reporting migraine activity and to explore their social-behavior features as foundation for further investigations.Methods:A longitudinal cohort study utilizing 1 month of Twitter data from November to December 2014 was conducted. Tweets containing the word “migraine” were extracted, preprocessed, and managed using natural language processing (NLP) techniques. User behavior profiles including tweeting frequencies, high-frequency words, and sentimental presentations were reported and analyzed.Results:During the observation period, 98,622 tweets were captured from 77,335 different users. The overall sentiment of tweets was slightly negative for expressive tweets but neutral for informative tweets. Among posted negative expressive tweets, we found a strong tendency that high-frequent expressions were those with the extreme sentiment, and profanity was common.Conclusions:Twitter users with migraine showed distinct sentimental patterns while suffering from disease onsets exemplified by posting tweets with extreme negative sentiments.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-01-15T09:42:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816319898867
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
  • An unsuspected and unrecognized cause of medication overuse headache in a
           chronic migraineur—essential oil-related medication overuse headache: A
           case report

    • Authors: Thomas Mathew, Saji K John
      Abstract: Cephalalgia Reports, Volume 3, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Essential oils are widely used by people for common ailments like headache and backache. We report a case of chronic daily headache in an adolescent migraineur refractory to most antimigraine drugs secondary to topical application of essential oils containing camphor and eucalyptus. A 14-year-old boy presented with chronic daily headache of 1-year duration, refractory to four antimigraine drugs including valproate and topiramate. He was daily applying a balm called Amruthanjan (10% camphor and 14.5% eucalyptus) on his forehead to relieve headache. Patient had complete relief of headache in 2 weeks after stopping the balm application. All his antimigraine drugs were tapered and stopped over a period of 3 months. At 1-year follow-up, he is headache free. Brain-stimulant essential oils of camphor and eucalyptus may be an important unrecognized cause of medication overuse headache.
      Citation: Cephalalgia Reports
      PubDate: 2020-01-15T09:40:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2515816319897054
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2020)
       
 
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