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INTERNAL MEDICINE (180 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 180 of 180 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abdomen     Open Access  
ACP Hospitalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ACP Internist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
ACP Journal Club     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Acta Clinica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acute and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Acute Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
American Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Anales de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy & Physiology : Current Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Colorectal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 392)
AORN Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
Archives of Drug Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivos de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMI Journal : Bariátrica & Metabólica Iberoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
BMJ Quality & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Bone & Joint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 138)
Brain Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Brain Science Advances     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of General Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Death & Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cephalalgia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cephalalgia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada     Free   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Liver Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 98)
Clinical Thyroidology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
CNE Pflegemanagement     Hybrid Journal  
Communication Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Current Hepatology Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research: Integrative Medicine     Open Access  
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Internist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 603)
Diabetes Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 578)
Diabetes Internacional     Open Access  
Diabetes Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Neurosurgery     Open Access  
Egyptian Liver Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Spine Journal     Open Access  
EMC - Aparato Locomotor     Hybrid Journal  
Endovascular Neuroradiology / Ендоваскулярна нейрорентгенохірургія     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
eNeuro     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
European Journal of Translational Myology     Open Access  
European Radiology Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Head and Neck Tumors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
HemaSphere     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatology Communications     Open Access  
Hepatoma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ImmunoHorizons     Open Access  
Immunological Medicine     Open Access  
Infectious Diseases: Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Inflammation and Regeneration     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Inflammatory Intestinal Diseases     Open Access  
Innere Medizin up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Internal and Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Internal Medicine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Anatomy and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Iranian Journal of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JAMA Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 364)
JCSM Clinical Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
JHEP Reports     Open Access  
JIMD Reports     Open Access  
JMV - Journal de Médecine Vasculaire     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
JOP. Journal of the Pancreas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Basic & Clinical Physiology & Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Bone Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cancer & Allied Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives     Open Access  
Journal of Cutaneous Immunology and Allergy     Open Access  
Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of General Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Liver : Disease & Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical Internet Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Pancreatic Cancer     Open Access  
Journal of Renal and Hepatic Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Solid Tumors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Jurnal Vektor Penyakit     Open Access  
La Revue de Medecine Interne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Lege artis - Das Magazin zur ärztlichen Weiterbildung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Liver Cancer International     Open Access  
Liver Research     Open Access  
Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Molecular Therapy - Oncolytics     Open Access  
Multiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
MYOPAIN. A journal of myofascial pain and fibromyalgia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Neuro-Oncology Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neurobiology of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Neurointervention     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Neuromuscular Diseases     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Alcohol     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Oncological Coloproctology     Open Access  
Open Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Pleura and Peritoneum     Open Access  
Pneumo News     Full-text available via subscription  
Polish Archives of Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Preventing Chronic Disease     Free   (Followers: 2)
Progress in Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Prostate International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pulmonary Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Quality of Life Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Fonoaudiología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Sociedad Peruana de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical     Open Access  
Revista Hispanoamericana de Hernia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Médica Internacional sobre el Síndrome de Down     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Child Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Schlaf     Hybrid Journal  
Schmerzmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Scientific Journal of the Foot & Ankle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SciMedicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
SEMERGEN - Medicina de Familia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thieme Case Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tijdschrift voor Urologie     Hybrid Journal  
Tissue Barriers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Transgender Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
US Cardiology Review     Open Access  
Vascular and Endovascular Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ожирение и метаболизм     Open Access  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Neurobiology of Pain
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2452-073X - ISSN (Online) 2452-073X
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3303 journals]
  • Chronic pain after blast-induced traumatic brain injury in awake rats

    • Abstract: Publication date: August–December 2019Source: Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 6Author(s): Olivia Uddin, Paige E. Studlack, Saitu Parihar, Kaspar Keledjian, Alexis Cruz, Tayyiaba Farooq, Naomi Shin, Volodymyr Gerzanich, J. Marc Simard, Asaf Keller Explosive blast-induced traumatic brain injury (blast-TBI) in military personnel is a leading cause of injury and persistent neurological abnormalities, including chronic pain. We previously demonstrated that chronic pain after spinal cord injury results from central sensitization in the posterior thalamus (PO). The presence of persistent headaches and back pain in veterans with blast-TBI suggests a similar involvement of thalamic sensitization. Here, we tested the hypothesis that pain after blast-TBI is associated with abnormal increases in activity of neurons in PO thalamus. We developed a novel model with two unique features: (1) blast-TBI was performed in awake, un-anesthetized rats, to simulate the human experience and to eliminate confounds of anesthesia and surgery inherent in other models; (2) only the cranium, rather than the entire body, was exposed to a collimated blast wave, with the blast wave striking the posterior cranium in the region of the occipital crest and foramen magnum. Three weeks after blast-TBI, rats developed persistent, ongoing spontaneous pain. Contrary to our hypothesis, we found no significant differences in the activity of PO neurons, or of neurons in the spinal trigeminal nucleus. There were also no significant changes in gliosis in either of these structures. This novel model will allow future studies on the pathophysiology of chronic pain after blast-TBI.
       
  • Fibroblast growth factor homologous factor 2 (FGF-13) associates with
           Nav1.7 in DRG neurons and alters its current properties in an
           isoform-dependent manner

    • Abstract: Publication date: August–December 2019Source: Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 6Author(s): Philip R. Effraim, Jianying Huang, Angelika Lampert, Severine Stamboulian, Peng Zhao, Joel A. Black, Sulayman D. Dib-Hajj, Stephen G. Waxman Fibroblast Growth Factor Homologous Factors (FHF) constitute a subfamily of FGF proteins with four prototypes (FHF1-4; also known as FGF11-14). FHF proteins have been shown to bind directly to the membrane-proximal segment of the C-terminus in voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav), and regulate current density, availability, and frequency-dependent inhibition of sodium currents. Members of the FHF2 subfamily, FHF2A and FHF2B, differ in the length and sequence of their N-termini, and, importantly, differentially regulate Nav1.6 gating properties. Using immunohistochemistry, we show that FHF2 isoforms are expressed in adult dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons where they co-localize with Nav1.6 and Nav1.7. FHF2A and FHF2B show differential localization in neuronal compartments in DRG neurons, and levels of expression of FHF2 factors are down-regulated following sciatic nerve axotomy. Because Nav1.7 in nociceptors plays a critical role in pain, we reasoned that its interaction with FHF2 isoforms might regulate its current properties. Using whole-cell patch clamp in heterologous expression systems, we show that the expression of FHF2A in HEK293 cell line stably expressing Nav1.7 channels causes no change in activation, whereas FHF2B depolarizes activation. Both FHF2 isoforms depolarize fast-inactivation. Additionally, FHF2A causes an accumulation of inactivated channels at all frequencies tested due to a slowing of recovery from inactivation, whereas FHF2B has little effect on these properties of Nav1.7. Measurements of the Nav1.7 current in DRG neurons in which FHF2 levels are knocked down confirmed the effects of FHF2A on repriming, and FHF2B on activation, however FHF2A and B did not have an effect on fast inactivation. Our data demonstrates that FHF2 does indeed regulate the current properties of Nav1.7 and does so in an isoform and cell-specific manner.
       
  • Cyclic nucleotide signaling in neural hyperexcitability and chronic pain
           after nerve injury

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Neurobiology of PainAuthor(s): Ze-Hua Li, Dong Cui, Cheng-Jie Qiu, Xue-Jun Song The cyclic nucleotide signaling, including cAMP-PKA and cGMP-PKG pathway, has been well known to contribute to regulation of cellular growth, metabolism and many other intracellular processes. In recent years, more and more studies have uncovered its important role in nervous system, part of which mediates initiation and maintenance of different forms of chronic pain. Here we summarize how cAMP-PKA and cGMP-PKG signaling pathways participate in the pathogenesis of chronic pain after nerve injury. In addition, acute dissociation and chronic compression of the dorsal root ganglion leads to neural hyperexcitability possibly through PAR2 activation-dependent abnormal activation of cAMP-PKA pathway. In clinic, radiotherapy effectively alleviates chronic pain caused by primary bone sarcomas or more often distant osteal metastases at least partly through inhibiting abnormal activation of cAMP-PKA pathway. Cyclic nucleotide signaling also plays an important role in many other models of neuropathic pain and inflammatory pain, as it is highly involved in many other pro-nociceptive mechanisms including the activation of HCN channels and EPAC. Further understanding the cyclic nucleotide signaling in the pathogenesis of chronic pain is theoretically significant and clinically valuable for treatment of chronic pain.
       
  • The evaluation and brain representation of pleasant touch in chronic and
           subacute back pain

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–July 2019Source: Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 5Author(s): F. Nees, K. Usai, M. Löffler, H. Flor If touch is perceived as pleasant, it can counteract the experience of pain. However, its pain-inhibitory function might be disturbed in chronic pain and this could contribute to pain-related interference. We investigated the perception of pleasant touch and its brain correlates in chronic back pain patients (CBP) compared to subacute back pain patients (SABP) and healthy controls (HC) using soft brush strokes. CBP showed less positive evaluations of touch. We found the highest activation in somatosensory and insular cortices in CBP, ventral striatum (VS) in SABP, and the orbitofrontal cortex in HC. Brain responses were significantly positively correlated with pleasantness ratings in HC and SABP, but not CBP. Further, the insula responses in CBP were positively correlated with pain-related interference and the VS activation in SABP correlated negatively with affective distress. Brain and behavioral changes in the processing of touch and its pleasantness may be a marker of pain chronicity and raise questions about the therapeutic value of pleasant touch in pain prevention and treatment.
       
  • Is placebo analgesia for heat pain a sensory effect' An exploratory
           study on minimizing the influence of response bias

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–July 2019Source: Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 5Author(s): Laura K. Case, Claire M. Laubacher, Emily A. Richards, Matthew Grossman, Lauren Y. Atlas, Scott Parker, M. Catherine Bushnell We explored the ongoing question of whether placebo analgesia alters afferent nociceptive processing in a novel paradigm designed to minimize the role of response bias in placebo measurement. First, healthy adult participants received a standard heat placebo induction and conditioning procedure using a topical “analgesic” cream applied to one arm. During a subsequent placebo testing procedure, participants rated stimuli on the placebo-treated arm and untreated arm, using a task that minimized subjects’ ability to guess the expected response, thus reducing experimenter demand. Retrospectively participants reported moderate analgesia effectiveness (mean = 5.3/10), but for individual temperature ratings, only 2 subjects exhibited a perceptual placebo response>5 points. Next, these subjects completed a novel, exploratory task designed to measure changes in inter-arm in discriminative accuracy that would be expected from changes in afferent nociception. Both placebo responders (but no non-responders) showed reduced discriminative ability when the hotter stimulus occurred on the placebo arm, an effect consistent with alterations in nociceptive afferent flow and unlikely to be caused by response bias.
       
  • Human-like cutaneous neuropathologies associated with a porcine model of
           peripheral neuritis: A translational platform for neuropathic pain

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–July 2019Source: Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 5Author(s): Frank L. Rice, David Castel, Elizabeth Ruggiero, Marilyn Dockum, George Houk, Itai Sabbag, Phillip J. Albrecht, Sigal Meilin Despite enormous investment in research and development of novel treatments, there remains a lack of predictable, effective, and safe therapeutics for human chronic neuropathic pain (NP) afflictions. NP continues to increase among the population and treatments remain a major unmet public health care need. In recent years, numerous costly (time and money) failures have occurred attempting to translate successful animal pain model results, typically using rodents, to human clinical trials. These continued failures point to the essential need for better animal models of human pain conditions. To address this challenge, we have previously developed a peripheral neuritis trauma (PNT) model of chronic pain induced by a proximal sciatic nerve irritation in pigs, which have a body size, metabolism, skin structure, and cutaneous innervation more similar to humans. Here, we set out to determine the extent that the PNT model presents with cutaneous neuropathologies consistent with those associated with human chronic NP afflictions. Exactly as is performed in human skin biopsies, extensive quantitative multi-molecular immunofluorescence analyses of porcine skin biopsies were performed to assess cutaneous innervation and skin structure. ChemoMorphometric Analysis (CMA) results demonstrated a significant reduction in small caliber intraepidermal nerve fiber (IENF) innervation, altered dermal vascular innervation, and aberrant analgesic/algesic neurochemical properties among epidermal keratinocytes, which are implicated in modulating sensory innervation. These comprehensive pathologic changes very closely resemble those observed from CMA of human skin biopsies collected from NP afflictions. The results indicate that the porcine PNT model is more appropriate for translational NP research compared with commonly utilized rodent models. Because the PNT model creates cutaneous innervation and keratinocyte immunolabeling alterations consistent with human NP conditions, use of this animal model for NP testing and treatment response characteristics will likely provide more realistic results to direct successful translation to humans.
       
  • Cdk5-mediated CRMP2 phosphorylation is necessary and sufficient for
           peripheral neuropathic pain

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–July 2019Source: Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 5Author(s): Aubin Moutal, Shizhen Luo, Tally M. Largent-Milnes, Todd W. Vanderah, Rajesh Khanna Neuropathic pain results from nerve injuries that cause ectopic firing and increased nociceptive signal transmission due to activation of key membrane receptors and channels. The dysregulation of trafficking of voltage-gated ion channels is an emerging mechanism in the etiology of neuropathic pain. We identify increased phosphorylation of collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2), a protein reported to regulate presynaptic voltage-gated calcium and sodium channels. A spared nerve injury (SNI) increased expression of a cyclin dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5)-phosphorylated form of CRMP2 in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord and the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) in the ipsilateral (injured) versus the contralateral (non-injured) sites. Biochemical fractionation of spinal cord from SNI rats revealed the increase in Cdk5-mediated CRMP2 phosphorylation to be enriched to pre-synaptic sites. CRMP2 has emerged as a central node in assembling nociceptive signaling complexes. Knockdown of CRMP2 using a small interfering RNA (siRNA) reversed SNI-induced mechanical allodynia implicating CRMP2 expression as necessary for neuropathic pain. Intrathecal expression of a CRMP2 resistant to phosphorylation by Cdk5 normalized SNI-induced mechanical allodynia, whereas mimicking constitutive phosphorylation of CRMP2 resulted in induction of mechanical allodynia in naïve rats. Collectively, these results demonstrate that Cdk5-mediated CRMP2 phosphorylation is both necessary and sufficient for peripheral neuropathic pain.
       
  • Lysophosphatidic acid LPA1 and LPA3 receptors play roles in the
           maintenance of late tissue plasminogen activator-induced central
           poststroke pain in mice

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–July 2019Source: Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 5Author(s): Hiroshi Ueda, Hiroyuki Neyama, Keita Sasaki, Chiho Miyama, Ryusei Iwamoto We developed a mouse model for central post-stroke pain (CPSP), a centrally-originated neuropathic pain (NeuP). In this mode, mice were first injected with Rose Bengal, followed by photo-irradiation of left middle cerebral artery (MCA) to generate thrombosis. Although the MCA thrombosis was soon dissolved, the reduced blood flow remained for more than 24 h due to subsequent occlusion of microvessels. This photochemically induced thrombosis (PIT) model showed a hypersensitivity to the electrical stimulation of both sides of paw, but did not show any abnormal pain in popular thermal or mechanical nociception tests. When tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) was injected 6 h after the PIT stress, tPA-dependent hypersensitivity to the electrical paw stimulation and stable thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia on both sides for more than 17 or 18 days after the PIT treatment. These hyperalgesic effects were abolished in lysophosphatidic acid receptor 1 (LPA1)- and lysophosphatidic acid receptor 3 (LPA3)-deficient mice. When Ki-16425, an LPA1 and LPA3 antagonist was treated twice daily for 6 days consecutively, the thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia at day 17 and 18 were significantly reversed. The liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) analysis revealed that there is a significant increase in several species of LPA molecules in somatosensory S-I and medial dorsal thalamus (MD), but not in striatum or ventroposterior thalamus. All these results suggest that LPA1 and LPA3 signaling play key roles in the development and maintenance of CPSP.
       
  • Methanol extract of Cola nitida ameliorates inflammation and nociception
           in experimental animals

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–July 2019Source: Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 5Author(s): Lawrence Dayo Adedayo, Alaba Olumide Ojo, Funmileyi Olubanjo Awobajo, Boluwatife Adetoyin Adeboye, James Adedayo Adebisi, Temitope Joshua Bankole, Gideon Opeyemi Ayilara, Olubayode Bamidele, Nimedia Gideon Aitokhuehi, Samuel Adetunji Onasanwo Methanol extract of Cola nitida (MECN) was evaluated for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities using rats and mice. Inflammatory activity of MECN was assessed by carrageenan-induced paw oedema while analgesic activity was evaluated by acetic acid –induced writhing and formalin paw lick test. Histological analyses of the paws were also carried out. There was evaluation of the mechanism(s) of action of MECN using naloxone, a blocker of opioid receptors; atropine, blocker of muscarinic receptors; and propranolol, blocker of beta adrenergic receptors. Findings from the study revealed that MECN has both anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. These properties were found to be dose dependent with 200 mg/kg of MECN discovered to be the most potent dose. 200 mg/kg was able to cause statistically significant reduction in paw size (p 
       
  • AMPK activation regulates P-body dynamics in mouse sensory neurons in
           vitro and in vivo

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–July 2019Source: Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 5Author(s): Candler Paige, Galo Mejia, Gregory Dussor, Theodore Price Increased mRNA translation in sensory neurons following peripheral nerve injury contributes to the induction and maintenance of chronic neuropathic pain. Metformin, a common anti-diabetic drug and an activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), inhibits cap-dependent mRNA translation and reverses mechanical hypersensitivity caused by a neuropathic injury in both mice and rats. P-bodies are RNA granules that comprise sites for metabolizing mRNA through the process of de-capping followed by RNA decay. These RNA granules may also sequester mRNAs for storage. We have previously demonstrated that induction of cap-dependent translation in cultured trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons decreases P-body formation and AMPK activators increase P-body formation. Here we examined the impact of AMPK activation on protein synthesis and P-body formation in vitro and in vivo on mouse dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. We demonstrate that AMPK activators inhibit nascent protein synthesis and increase P-body formation in DRG neurons. We also demonstrate that mice with a spared-nerve injury (SNI) show decreased P-bodies in the DRG, consistent with increased mRNA translation resulting from injury. Metformin treatment normalizes this effect in SNI mice and increases P-body formation in sham animals. These findings indicate that P-bodies are dynamically regulated by nerve injury in vivo and this effect can be regulated via AMPK activation.
       
  • Temporal and sex differences in the role of BDNF/TrkB signaling in
           hyperalgesic priming in mice and rats

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–July 2019Source: Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 5Author(s): Jamie K. Moy, Thomas Szabo-Pardi, Dipti V. Tillu, Salim Megat, Grishma Pradhan, Moeno Kume, Marina N. Asiedu, Michael D. Burton, Gregory Dussor, Theodore J. Price Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling through its cognate receptor, TrkB, is a well-known promoter of synaptic plasticity at nociceptive synapses in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Existing evidence suggests that BDNF/TrkB signaling in neuropathic pain is sex dependent. We tested the hypothesis that the effects of BDNF/TrkB signaling in hyperalgesic priming might also be sexually dimorphic. Using the incision postsurgical pain model in male mice, we show that BDNF sequestration with TrkB-Fc administered at the time of surgery blocks the initiation and maintenance of hyperalgesic priming. However, when BDNF signaling was blocked prior to the precipitation of hyperalgesic priming with prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), priming was not reversed. This result is in contrast to our findings in male mice with interleukin-6 (IL6) as the priming stimulus where TrkB-Fc was effective in reversing the maintenance of hyperalgesic priming. Furthermore, in IL6-induced hyperalgesic priming, the BDNF sequestering agent, TrkB-fc, was effective in reversing the maintenance of hyperalgesic priming in male mice; however, when this experiment was conducted in female mice, we did not observe any effect of TrkB-fc. This markedly sexual dimorphic effect in mice is consistent with recent studies showing a similar effect in neuropathic pain models. We tested whether the sexual dimorphic role for BDNF was consistent across species. Importantly, we find that this sexual dimorphism does not occur in rats where TrkB-fc reverses hyperalgesic priming fully in both sexes. Finally, to determine the source of BDNF in hyperalgesic priming in mice, we used transgenic mice (Cx3cr1CreER × Bdnfflx/flx mice) with BDNF eliminated from microglia. From these experiments we conclude that BDNF from microglia does not contribute to hyperalgesic priming and that the key source of BDNF for hyperalgesic priming is likely nociceptors in the dorsal root ganglion. These experiments demonstrate the importance of testing mechanistic hypotheses in both sexes in multiple species to gain insight into complex biology underlying chronic pain.
       
 
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