Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8810 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (225 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (121 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (350 journals)
    - CHIROPRACTIC, HOMEOPATHY, OSTEOPATHY (21 journals)
    - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES, EPIDEMIOLOGY (234 journals)
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    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (44 journals)
    - GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY (191 journals)
    - GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS (142 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (159 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (180 journals)
    - LABORATORY AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE (98 journals)
    - MEDICAL GENETICS (58 journals)
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    - OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (211 journals)
    - ONCOLOGY (395 journals)
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    - RHEUMATOLOGY (79 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (83 journals)
    - SURGERY (412 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)

INTERNAL MEDICINE (180 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 180 of 180 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abdomen     Open Access  
ACP Hospitalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ACP Internist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
ACP Journal Club     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Acta Clinica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acute and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Acute Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
American Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Anales de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy & Physiology : Current Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Colorectal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 392)
AORN Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
Archives of Drug Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivos de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMI Journal : Bariátrica & Metabólica Iberoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
BMJ Quality & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Bone & Joint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 138)
Brain Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Brain Science Advances     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of General Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Death & Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cephalalgia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cephalalgia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada     Free   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Liver Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 98)
Clinical Thyroidology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
CNE Pflegemanagement     Hybrid Journal  
Communication Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Current Hepatology Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research: Integrative Medicine     Open Access  
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Internist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 603)
Diabetes Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 578)
Diabetes Internacional     Open Access  
Diabetes Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Neurosurgery     Open Access  
Egyptian Liver Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Spine Journal     Open Access  
EMC - Aparato Locomotor     Hybrid Journal  
Endovascular Neuroradiology / Ендоваскулярна нейрорентгенохірургія     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
eNeuro     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
European Journal of Translational Myology     Open Access  
European Radiology Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Head and Neck Tumors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
HemaSphere     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatology Communications     Open Access  
Hepatoma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ImmunoHorizons     Open Access  
Immunological Medicine     Open Access  
Infectious Diseases: Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Inflammation and Regeneration     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Inflammatory Intestinal Diseases     Open Access  
Innere Medizin up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Internal and Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Internal Medicine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Anatomy and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Iranian Journal of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JAMA Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 364)
JCSM Clinical Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
JHEP Reports     Open Access  
JIMD Reports     Open Access  
JMV - Journal de Médecine Vasculaire     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
JOP. Journal of the Pancreas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Basic & Clinical Physiology & Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Bone Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cancer & Allied Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives     Open Access  
Journal of Cutaneous Immunology and Allergy     Open Access  
Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of General Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Liver : Disease & Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical Internet Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Pancreatic Cancer     Open Access  
Journal of Renal and Hepatic Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Solid Tumors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Jurnal Vektor Penyakit     Open Access  
La Revue de Medecine Interne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Lege artis - Das Magazin zur ärztlichen Weiterbildung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Liver Cancer International     Open Access  
Liver Research     Open Access  
Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Molecular Therapy - Oncolytics     Open Access  
Multiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
MYOPAIN. A journal of myofascial pain and fibromyalgia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Neuro-Oncology Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neurobiology of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Neurointervention     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Neuromuscular Diseases     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Alcohol     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Oncological Coloproctology     Open Access  
Open Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Pleura and Peritoneum     Open Access  
Pneumo News     Full-text available via subscription  
Polish Archives of Internal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Preventing Chronic Disease     Free   (Followers: 2)
Progress in Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Prostate International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pulmonary Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Quality of Life Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Fonoaudiología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Sociedad Peruana de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical     Open Access  
Revista Hispanoamericana de Hernia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Médica Internacional sobre el Síndrome de Down     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Child Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Schlaf     Hybrid Journal  
Schmerzmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Scientific Journal of the Foot & Ankle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SciMedicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
SEMERGEN - Medicina de Familia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thieme Case Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tijdschrift voor Urologie     Hybrid Journal  
Tissue Barriers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Transgender Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
US Cardiology Review     Open Access  
Vascular and Endovascular Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ожирение и метаболизм     Open Access  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2468-8827 - ISSN (Online) 2468-8835
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [419 journals]
  • Diabetes mellitus and COVID-19: The ominous duo

    • Authors: Sanjay Kumar Bhadada, Rimesh Pal
      Pages: 99 - 101
      Abstract: Sanjay Kumar Bhadada, Rimesh Pal
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):99-101

      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):99-101
      PubDate: Wed,30 Sep 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_65_20
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Determinants of cervical cancer screening uptake among women attending
           selected family planning clinics in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria

    • Authors: Chizoma Millicent Ndikom, Abiola B Ajibade, Timothy A Oluwasola
      Pages: 102 - 106
      Abstract: Chizoma Millicent Ndikom, Abiola B Ajibade, Timothy A Oluwasola
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):102-106
      Background: Cervical cancer screening (CCS) continuously has low awareness and is poorly utilized in developing countries despite higher incidence of cervical cancer (CC). Increasing incidence of CC has been associated with late reporting of symptoms, ignorance about the disease, and its preventive measures. This study was conducted to further investigate the determinants of CCS uptake among women attending selected family planning clinics in Ibadan, Nigeria.Materials and Methods: Adopting a cross-sectional design, 205 consenting respondents attending family planning clinics were interviewed using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 21. The hypotheses were tested using Chi-square, odds ratio, and logistic regression at P < 0.05.Results: The mean age of the respondents was 33 ± 8 years; 176 (85.9%) were married and 72 (35.1%) had tertiary education. Although 71% of the respondents were aware of CC, only 37.1% had good knowledge and 16.1% had previously utilized CCS. About two-thirds (68.8%) of the respondents were willing to uptake CCS, except for perceived barriers such as lack of understanding of the disease and inadequate information about the services coupled with limited availability of the CCS services. There was a significant association between uptake of CCS and knowledge (χ2 = 17.944, P < 0.001), education (χ2 = 7.724, P < 0.024), and income (χ2 = 32.22, P < 0.001). On logistic regression, the uptake CCS remained influenced mainly by income of >40,000 Naira (OR = 5.355, CI = 1.678–17.083) and knowledge (OR = 3.112, CI = 1.247–7.768).Conclusion: Family planning clinics are readily available centers for increasing the knowledge base of the women on the need for regular CCS. This needs to be duly incorporated into our routine services.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):102-106
      PubDate: Wed,30 Sep 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_10_20
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • A school-based program for diabetes prevention and management in India
           – project KiDS and diabetes in schools

    • Authors: Tina Rawal, Radhika Shrivastav, Gaurang P Nazar, Nikhil Tandon, Monika Arora
      Pages: 107 - 113
      Abstract: Tina Rawal, Radhika Shrivastav, Gaurang P Nazar, Nikhil Tandon, Monika Arora
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):107-113
      Background: The purpose of this study is to describe the conceptualization and implementation of project KiDS and diabetes in schools (KiDS) in Delhi, India.Objective: Project KiDS was implemented to foster a supportive school environment for optimal management and care of children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and the prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D) through the adoption of healthy lifestyles.Methods: Project KiDS was initiated with a feasibility study (Phase-1); including a situational analysis through desk review of preexisting epidemiological data, national policies/existing projects focused on diabetes prevention and management for Indian school settings and in-depth Interviews with multiple stakeholders. In Phase-2, the international diabetes federation's global school diabetes information pack was culturally and contextually adapted, pretested and finalized for use in India and implemented in eight private and seven government (public) schools (Grades 1–9) of Delhi, India. Components included: training of school staff, follow-up educational activities with students, and engaging parents through social media.Results: In Phase-1, nine interviews were conducted with representatives from the Government and nongovernment organizations. Almost all respondents and literature emphasized the need to develop a comprehensive awareness program for the management of T1D and the prevention of T2D in schools. 1149 teachers were trained. Follow-up activities were conducted with 27,937 children. Over 80% of teachers were satisfied with the trainings.Conclusion: Positive feedback from trainings and implementation of project KiDS has important implications to feed into future programmatic and policy interventions for robust school-based diabetes management and prevention.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):107-113
      PubDate: Wed,30 Sep 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_31_19
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • A cross-national, cross-cultural comparison of predictors of academic
           performance among Canadian and Malaysian university students

    • Authors: Tricia L da Silva, Fatimah Shahruddin, Lai Fong Chan, Marhani Midin, Arun V Ravindran
      Pages: 114 - 122
      Abstract: Tricia L da Silva, Fatimah Shahruddin, Lai Fong Chan, Marhani Midin, Arun V Ravindran
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):114-122
      Background: Poor academic outcomes among postsecondary students are a concern to academic institutions globally. Several sociodemographic, psychosocial, and academic functioning factors are proposed as contributory. As most literature is from Western countries, global generalizability is limited. The aim of this 1-year study was to conduct a prospective cross-cultural comparison of factors impacting academic performance among university students from Canada and Malaysia.Methods: First-year undergraduate students were recruited from University of Toronto Scarborough and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia at the start of their academic year. Participants completed a comprehensive range of self-report measures on relevant factors. Information on their year 1 academic performance was obtained from the universities. The data were assessed using Chi-square, analyses of variance, and multiple linear regressions.Results: For Canadian students (n = 224), parents' educational levels, self-reported stress, coping, mental health knowledge, and physical activity were predictors of year 1 academic performance. For Malaysian students (n = 139), gender, ethnicity, academic amotivation, and peer engagement were predictors of year 1 academic performance. Attrition over the year was higher among Canadians (6%) than Malaysians (0%), but numbers were insufficient to determine likely predictors of dropout.Conclusions: The differences in predictors of academic performance between the Canadian and Malaysian students suggest that cultural factors may play an important role in academic outcomes. Intervention and prevention strategies customized to the local context are supported.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):114-122
      PubDate: Wed,30 Sep 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_32_19
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Biomonitoring of biomarkers among pesticide sprayers and nonsprayers
           across cropping seasons in Punjab, India

    • Authors: JS Thakur, Soundappan Kathirvel, Samir Malhotra, Nusrat Shafiq, Jatinder Paul Singh Gill, Kulbhushan Tikoo, Shyam Biswal
      Pages: 123 - 130
      Abstract: JS Thakur, Soundappan Kathirvel, Samir Malhotra, Nusrat Shafiq, Jatinder Paul Singh Gill, Kulbhushan Tikoo, Shyam Biswal
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):123-130
      Introduction: Pesticide exposure causes acute and chronic adverse health effects on humans affecting the Kelch ECH-associated protein (Keap1)- nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and other oxidative pathways. We assessed the Keap1-Nrf2 pathway and other oxidative stress biomarker levels among a cohort of agricultural pesticide sprayers (SP) and nonspraying (NSP) farmers of a rural community during the cotton and wheat cropping seasons in India.Methodology: We randomly selected eight villages from the four blocks of Bathinda district, Punjab. Using a cohort study design, we collected the socio-demographic characteristics and biological samples (blood and urine) from 68 SP and 71 NSP at baseline, during the flowering seasons of cotton and wheat crops at scheduled time points. The United States Environment Protection Agency methods and standards were used to detect pesticide residues. Standard and validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-based kits and colorimetric method-based kits were used to detect the biomarkers of Keap1-Nrf2 and oxidative stress pathways.Results: In Keap1-Nrf2 pathway, cotton season glutathione peroxidase (P = 0.004) and baseline heme oxygenase-1 (P < 0.001) levels were significantly different between SP and NSP. However, glutathione reductase and glutathione s-transferase levels were not significantly different. Among oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers, a significant difference (P < 0.05) was observed between the groups during the cotton season in malondialdehyde, isoprostane, protein carbonyl, C-reactive protein, and interleukin-6.Conclusion: The Keap1-Nrf2 and other oxidative stress biomarker levels between the group were not consistently different all times across the seasons. The biomarker levels of SP and NSP need to be compared with the nonagricultural population.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):123-130
      PubDate: Wed,30 Sep 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_49_20
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Poor awareness of diabetes self-care among diabetics: Cross-sectional
           study from an urban poor settlement in Delhi

    • Authors: Gurkirat Kaur, Shomik Ray, Niveditha Devasenapathy
      Pages: 131 - 137
      Abstract: Gurkirat Kaur, Shomik Ray, Niveditha Devasenapathy
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):131-137
      Introduction: Lack of awareness about self-care and misconceptions about diabetes could have a negative impact on diabetes management. We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices about diabetes self-care among diabetic individuals.Subject and Methods: We undertook a community-based quantitative survey in an urban poor colony of West Delhi. Using structured questionnaires, we collected the information on sociodemographic profile, knowledge, and perception regarding diabetes self-care and related expenses, from all consenting self-reported diabetic individuals.Results: Out of 198 individuals with diabetes from 543 households, 106 completed the interview. The mean age was 53 years, with a median of 5 years since the diagnosis. Equal numbers sought care from the private and government facilities with median expenses on diabetes care being INR 855 (INR 0-3900) per month. Many (28.7%) availed blood glucose tests from nearby government sponsored Mohalla clinic and none had tested hemoglobin A1C. Most (86.7%) were aware of eye complications due to diabetes and least (8.5%) about neuropathic and vascular complications. We found misconceptions regarding medications and physical activity. Perceived ability of following prescribed medications were better than hypoglycemia management and foot-care. Higher perception score was independently associated with the duration of diabetes, higher socioeconomic status, literacy, and those availing government facilities. Most clinic visits involved the prescription of medications and diagnostics without much emphasis on the lifestyle modifications.Conclusion: Diabetics living in the urban poor settlements have accessibility to medicines and diagnostics. However, there exists misperception regarding diabetes self-care that needs to be addressed through counseling during outpatient clinic visits and effective use of mass media.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):131-137
      PubDate: Wed,30 Sep 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_13_20
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • A “Bottom-up approach” to introduce ban on tobacco products to
           prevent spitting during COVID-19: An early review of progress made and
           challenges

    • Authors: Pranay Lal, Deepak Mishra, Rana Jugdeep Singh
      Pages: 138 - 142
      Abstract: Pranay Lal, Deepak Mishra, Rana Jugdeep Singh
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):138-142
      On March 11, 2020, WHO announced that a novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had transformed into pandemic. Since then, it has challenged health systems and tested the governance of every country. In India, national and sub-national governments have responded by proposing new policies to stop the advance COVID-19 through a slew of measures. Among these was prohibiting smoking and spitting, especially that induced by the use of smokeless tobacco in public places, which could potentially spread the infection further. States and districts were first to propose strict orders, which was followed by advisories and orders at the national level, which supported sub-national implementation. It is premature to estimate the impact of restricting tobacco trade, sale, and use on COVID-19 transmission; however, this early review assesses efforts made which national and sub-national commitment (or lack of it) towards tobacco control.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):138-142
      PubDate: Wed,30 Sep 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_17_20
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Effectiveness of interventions by nurse practitioners for prevention and
           control of noncommunicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries: A
           systematic review protocol

    • Authors: Kavita Kavita, JS Thakur, Sandhya Ghai, Tarun Narang
      Pages: 143 - 148
      Abstract: Kavita Kavita, JS Thakur, Sandhya Ghai, Tarun Narang
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):143-148
      Introduction: Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) face numerous challenges in the implementation of noncommunicable disease (NCD) prevention programs due to a shortage of health manpower. Task shifting to nurses is a viable and effective solution to address the health-care human resource crisis. The major advantage of involving nurses is that they are the largest, skilled, and already established workforce in any health-care institution. Despite the effectiveness of NCD interventions by nurse practitioners (NPs), there is a relative lack of evidence from LMICs which prevents the scale-up of the NPs model for better health outcomes. We, therefore, intend to assess the existing evidence on the effectiveness of interventions by NPs for the management of chronic NCDs in LMICs.Methods and Analysis: Electronic databases, i.e., PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and clinical registries of different LMICs in the English language shall be searched between 2004 and 2019 (last 15 years). Research designs to be included are randomized controlled trials, before–after studies, and Quasi-experimental studies. The primary outcome includes the change in behavioral risk factors, physiological risk factors, and clinical parameters. Subgroup and sensitivity analysis will be performed.Ethics and Dissemination: Ethical approval has been obtained from the institute ethics committee. Results will be disseminated through peer-reviewed scientific journals and presentation at national and international conferences.Study Design: Systematic review.PROSPERO registration number CRD42019118430
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):143-148
      PubDate: Wed,30 Sep 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_24_20
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Study of modifiable risk factors for instituting evidence-based preventive
           strategy for carcinoma esophagus in Punjab: A study protocol

    • Authors: Harmanjeet Kaur, JS Thakur, Usha Dutta, Savita Attri, Nalini Gupta, Mini P Singh, Kim Vaiphei, JP S Gill, Rajesh Dikshit
      Pages: 149 - 154
      Abstract: Harmanjeet Kaur, JS Thakur, Usha Dutta, Savita Attri, Nalini Gupta, Mini P Singh, Kim Vaiphei, JP S Gill, Rajesh Dikshit
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):149-154
      Background: In Punjab, esophageal carcinoma has been reported as leading cancer in rural population. Reason for this high incidence of esophageal carcinoma in this region is unknown. The life style of people in Punjab is different from those of other areas in India. Therefore, the risk factors contributing to esophageal carcinoma in Punjab may also be different than the other parts of India. There are no previous studies on risk factors for high incidence of esophageal carcinoma in this region. Use of pesticides is much higher in Punjab state. Also there is no evidence available for association of use of pesticides/fumigants in occurrence of esophageal carcinoma. Hence this study is planned to identify the risk factors, especially the role of chemical toxicity (Pesticides/fumigants/heavy metals) associated with development of esophageal carcinoma among inhibitants of Punjab.Methods: A case-control design will be used to identify potential risk factors associated with development of carcinoma esophagus in Punjab. Cases will be recruited from PGIMER, Chandigarh, Population based cancer registry Mansa, Sangrur, SAS Nagar and Punjab Cancer control cell. For each esophageal cancer case 2 controls will be selected after matching for gender, age and area of residence. A pre designed questionnaire, including demographic characteristics, family cancer history, personal medical history, height, weight, life-style (habits such as smoking, tobacco chewing, alcohol drinking, etc.), dietary habits, fumigants and pesticide usage and practices etc, will be used. Urine samples will be taken for the analysis of pesticide metabolites. Heavy metals analysis will be done in water samples. Oral health will be examined for mucosal changes as well as for oral hygiene.Discussion: This study will results in identification of risk factors for high occurrence of esophagus carcinoma in Punjab, so that measures for early detection, prevention and control of esophagus carcinoma could be initiated.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2020 5(3):149-154
      PubDate: Wed,30 Sep 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_33_19
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2020)
       
 
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