Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8821 journals)
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UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 159 of 159 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.602
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1089-2591 - ISSN (Online) 1526-0976
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [301 journals]
  • P16/Ki-67 Immunostaining in the Triage of Postmenopausal Women With
           Low-Grade Cytology Results
    • Authors: Dovnik; Andraž; Repše Fokter, Alenka
      Abstract: imageObjective The interpretation of postmenopausal smears and the gynecological treatment of these patients can often be difficult. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of p16/Ki-67 dual-stained cytology as a triage of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance and low-grade intraepithelial lesion cytology results in postmenopausal women.Methods All consecutive atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance and low-grade intraepithelial lesion smears in 1-year period were collected and p16/Ki-67 immunostaining was performed retrospectively. The results were compared with histology results or long-term cytology follow-up in cases with no biopsy.Results The sensitivity of p16/Ki-67 immunostaining for the detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 and CIN 3 was 57.1% and 85.0%, respectively. The specificity for the detection of CIN 2 was 94.3% and CIN 3 92.4%. Negative predictive values for the detection of CIN 2 and CIN 3 were 96.3% and 99.6%, respectively.Conclusions Dual p16/Ki-67 immunostaining is a useful additional method in postmenopausal patients with low-grade cytology. Considering the high specificity and negative predictive value in our study, we believe that it could be helpful in avoiding unnecessary referrals to colposcopy and thus reduce the cost of the program.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Retrospective 15-Year Review of Anal Cytology Screening in Women at Mayo
           Clinic Rochester, Minnesota
    • Authors: Marnach; Mary L.; Larish, Alyssa M.; Kim, Sharon J.; Mara, Kristin C.; Henry, Michael R.; Chantigian, Paula D. M.
      Abstract: imageObjectives Anal cytology is a modality for anal cancer screening in high-risk women. In this retrospective study, we review risk factors associated with abnormal anal cytology and unsatisfactory anal cytology rates, and correlate findings of cytology with histological results.Methods A retrospective cohort study of anal cytology screening in women at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota from 2002 to 2018 was conducted.Results Three hundred fifty-seven women had a total of 592 anal cytologies performed. Three hundred seventeen women had screening anal cytology, whereas 40 women had anal cytology for surveillance given a history of anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) or anal cancer. An unsatisfactory anal cytology result was found in 14.7%. Risk factors, type of follow-up, and correlation with histologic specimens were also reviewed. Histologic finding of AIN 2/3 correlated with abnormal anal cytology 84% of the time in this cohort.Conclusions High-risk women should be screened on a periodic basis for anal cancer. Anal cytology is one possible modality that can be used. Further insight into AIN progression, regression, recurrence, and outcome after treatment will help direct future screening recommendations.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Evaluation of Liquid Versus Dry Specimen Transport With a Newly Validated
           Isothermal Amplification High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Assay
    • Authors: Sun; Jingfen; Wu, Suhui; Hu, Longhua; Shang, Haixia; Yang, Yufeng; Pretorius, Robert; Huang, Yaling; Yang, Xi; Wu, Xiaoqin; Belinson, Jerome
      Abstract: imageObjective The aim of the study was to determine whether the proportion of positive high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) tests in endocervical specimens transported dry differs from paired specimens transported in liquid media.Methods Five hundred women aged of 30 to 55 years were recruited, Shanxi Bethune Hospital, China. Two samples were collected from the endocervix per patient, one placed into empty vial, the other into a liquid transport solution. All samples were analyzed by AmpFire HR-HPV assay.Results Total 1,000 samples collected from 500 patients were analyzed by the AmpFire HR-HPV assay. The total invalid rate was 0.2% (2/1,000). The proportion of endocervical samples testing positive for HR-HPV transported dry (42.2%, 210/498 [95% CI = 37.8%–46.6%]) was similar to the proportion of paired endocervical samples testing positive transported in liquid media (40.4%, 201/498 [95% CI = 36.0%–44.8%], p = .18 [McNemar test]). That the 2 transport methods are likely measuring the same positive (and negative) specimens is suggested by the finding that κ value for the correlation of positive HR-HPV in endocervical specimens transported dry with those transported in liquid media was 0.86 (95% CI = 0.81–0.90).Conclusions Endocervical specimens transported dry have similar proportion of positive HR-HPV tests as those transported in liquid media. Dry brush transport of endocervical samples paired with the special characteristics of AmpFire HR-HPV may become an important addition to population based cervical cancer screening.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Risk of High-Grade Histopathology Diagnosed by Cervical Conization in
           Endocervical Curettage Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia 1: A
           Case-Control Study
    • Authors: Cong; Qing; Xiao, Jingjing; Tao, Xiang; Sui, Long
      Abstract: imageObjective The aim of the study was to estimate risks of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2+ (CIN 2+) on loop electrosurgical excisional procedure (LEEP) specimens with the diagnosis of endocervical curettage (ECC) CIN 1 compared with biopsy CIN 1.Materials and Methods We performed a retrospective computer-based search for subjects enrolled in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University. The case group comprised women with an ECC CIN 1 (ECC results of CIN 1 with colposcopy-directed biopsy results ≤CIN 1), and the control group comprised women with a biopsy CIN 1 (colposcopy-directed biopsy results of CIN 1 with negative ECC findings) diagnosis. Variables, including age, cytology, high-risk human papillomavirus, and ECC results, were included in univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. p < .05 was defined statistically significant.Results Overall, 1,195 women with ECC CIN 1 and/or biopsy CIN 1 diagnosis who underwent LEEP participated in the study. ECC CIN 1 comprised 400 women, with LEEP histopathology results revealing 104 (26.00%) CIN 2+. Biopsy CIN 1 comprised 795 women, with LEEP histopathology results showing 150 (18.87%) CIN 2+. Univariate logistic regression showed that cytology (p < .001) and ECC (p = .005) results differ significantly between less than CIN 2+ and CIN 2+. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that the cytology of atypical squamous cells, cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (OR = 4.73, 95% CI = 2.78–8.05, p < .001) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions or worse (HSIL+, OR = 4.88, 95% CI = 3.00–7.94, p < .001), and ECC CIN 1 (OR = 1.80, 95% CI = 1.33–2.44, p < .001) were risk factors for CIN 2 + .Conclusions Endocervical curettage CIN 1 has a greater risk of CIN 2+ diagnosis than biopsy CIN 1, but high-grade cytology has a higher risk than ECC CIN 1.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Risk of Recurrence After Treatment for Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
           3 and Adenocarcinoma In Situ of the Cervix: Recurrence of CIN 3 and AIS of
    • Authors: Swift; Brenna E.; Wang, Li; Jembere, Nathaniel; Kupets, Rachel
      Abstract: imageObjectives The aim of the study was to evaluate recurrence risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 3+ and adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS)+ in a large population cohort of women previously treated for CIN 3/AIS.Methods Merging administrative databases with information on health services utilization and jurisdictional cancer registry, we identified all women undergoing treatment for CIN 3 or AIS from 2006 to 2010. Recurrence rate 1–5 years after treatment was defined as a biopsy finding of CIN 3/AIS or retreatment (loop electrosurgical excision procedure [LEEP], laser, cone, hysterectomy). Logistic regression was used to determine odds of recurrence.Results A total of 15,177 women underwent treatment for CIN 3 (n = 14,668) and AIS (n = 509). The recurrence rate for 5 years was greater for AIS (9.0%) compared with CIN 3 (6.1%). In a multivariate analysis, increased risk of recurrence was shown for age older than 45 years (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.3, 95% CI = 1.1–1.6), AIS compared with CIN 3 (HR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.5–3.5) first cytology after treatment showing high grade (HR = 12.4, 95% CI = 9.7–15.7), and no normal Pap smears after treatment (HR = 2.8, 95% CI = 2.2–3.7). There was no difference in recurrence risk with treatment type (cone vs LEEP: HR = 1.0, 95% CI = 0.8–1.2, and laser vs LEEP: HR = 1.1, 95% CI = 0.8–1.4) or number of procedures per year performed by physicians (40 procedures: HR = 1.1, 95% CI = 0.9–1.3).Conclusions Recurrence risk of CIN 3 and AIS is related to age, histology, and posttreatment cytology, which should assist with discharge planning from colposcopy. Definitive treatment with hysterectomy should be considered in women older than 45 years with additional risk factors for recurrence.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Cervical Stratified Mucin-Producing Intraepithelial Lesion: A Systematic
           Review of Diagnosis and Management
    • Authors: Wolf; Jennifer L.; Billingsley, Caroline C.; Kendler, Ady; Jackson, Amanda L.
      Abstract: imageObjectives The aims of the study were to synthesize reported associations of stratified mucin-producing intraepithelial lesion (SMILE) of the cervix with other dysplasia lesions and immunohistochemical (IHC) stains, compare expected patterns of IHC staining to other lesions in the differential diagnosis, and assess follow-up pathology.Methods This systematic review includes all case reports and case series of cervical lesions consistent with SMILE based on the histologic diagnosis described in the original case series. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database were searched through June 2019. Immunohistochemical analysis, concurrent lesions, and pathology on follow-up were compiled for comparison. Weighted averages of concurrent lesions were calculated.Results Nine case reports and case series were included, published between 2000 and 2019. Of 9 studies, 6 and 5 studies reported strong, diffuse staining of p16 and increased expression of Ki-67, respectively. Stratified mucin-producing intraepithelial lesion is associated with human papillomavirus, especially type 18. The weighted average risk of concurrent high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion was 79% (range = 33%–93%), adenocarcinoma in situ 39% (2.9%–92%), adenocarcinoma 5% (1%–25%), and squamous cell carcinoma 6% (0%–11%). Patients underwent follow-up ranging from repeat Pap to radical hysterectomy, with pathology on follow-up infrequently and irregularly reported.Conclusions Stratified mucin-producing intraepithelial lesion is a rare lesion with a paucity of research on necessary cytology and IHC stains for diagnosis, but p16 and Ki-67 IHC stains can be performed to rule out benign lesions. The lesion is associated with high risk of concurrent high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, adenocarcinoma in situ, and invasive carcinoma, but studies on the risk of pursuing fertility-preserving management are needed.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Predictive Value of an Alternative Strategy for Measuring Depth and Size
           of Stage 1 Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    • Authors: Skala; Stephanie L.; Ebott, Jasmine A.; Zhao, Lili; Lieberman, Richard W.
      Abstract: imageObjectives Despite poor reproducibility for measuring vulvar cancer depth, 1-mm or greater invasion triggers lymphadenectomy for small tumors. Previous literature suggests that measuring depth from the nearest dysplastic rete peg (alternative method) rather than highest dermal papilla (conventional method) may be acceptable.Methods Pathologic staging and follow-up information were recorded for 100 pT1 vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) resected from 1990 to 2019. Conventional depth, alternative depth, gross/clinical size, and size of the invasive component were measured for each tumor. In this retrospective study, we evaluated which clinicopathologic factors were most predictive of lymph node involvement and recurrence.Results Depending on the measurements used (conventional vs alternative depth, clinical lesion size vs cumulative extent of invasive component), between 1 and 18 cases were downstaged to pT1a. All such cases were pN0, without lymphovascular or perineural invasion. Infiltrative cords (hazard ratio [HR] = 5.15; 95% CI = 1.63–16.2; p = .005) and perineural invasion (HR = 3.16; 1.18–8.45; p = .022) were most strongly associated with groin recurrence. Of staging criteria evaluated, only cumulative extent of the invasive component 2 cm or greater was significantly associated with groin recurrence (HR = 2.87; 1.01–8.17; p = .048). The Kaplan-Meier curves for local recurrence-free survival by stage did not show significant separation regardless of method.Conclusions Patients downstaged using alternative measurement techniques lacked nodal disease/recurrence; one-third of those with nodal sampling experienced postoperative morbidity. Our data suggest that the use of alternative depth and cumulative extent of invasion could safely allow some conventional stage IB vulvar SCC patients to avoid groin surgery, thereby reducing treatment-related morbidity.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Management of Malignant Vulval Melanoma: A Retrospective Case Series and
           Review of the Literature
    • Authors: Platt; Sarah; Coleridge, Sarah; Hughes, Geoff; Donkers, Hannah; Wiggans, Alison; Frost, Jonathan; Rolland, Phil; Julian, Sophia; Morrison, Jo; Pawade, Joya; Patel, Amit; Newton, Claire
      Abstract: imageObjectives The aims of the study were to evaluate clinicopathologic features, management, and outcomes in vulval melanoma and to review the literature.Materials and Methods Data were collected retrospectively on patients with vulval melanoma from 2001 to 2017 in 5 gynecological oncology cancer centers (Bristol, Taunton, Truro, Plymouth, and Cheltenham). SPSS software was used for univariate and multivariate statistical analysis. Disease-specific median survival was calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves.Results Forty-four patients with vulval melanoma were included, with a median age of 71 years. Forty-three of 44 had wide local excision with full inguinal lymphadenectomy if abnormal lymph nodes. Seven patients had sentinel lymph nodes. However, 2 patients with negative sentinel lymph nodes had distant recurrences within 16 months.On univariate analysis, presence of ulceration (p = .012), perineural invasion (p = .03), and area of lesion (p = .016) were associated with risk of recurrence but only presence of microsatellites (p = .01) was associated with risk of death.There were 31 deaths (70%): 29 (94%) of 31 from melanoma and 28 (64%) of 44 recurrences: 17 local (10 groin, 7 vulval) and 9 distant. Overall median survival was 32.5 months (95% CI, 17.8–46.5 months) and median recurrence-free survival 12.6 months (95% CI, 7.7–17.4 months).Conclusions This retrospective multicenter study highlights the high recurrence rate and poor prognosis of vulval melanoma. Lymph node surgery did not make any difference to recurrence-free survival or overall survival. The presence of microsatellites was associated with a statistically increased risk of death.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Five Percent Monolaurin Vaginal Gel for the Treatment of Bacterial
           Vaginosis: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial
    • Authors: Mancuso; Abigail C.; Widdice, Lea E.; Hughes, Brenna L.; Schlievert, Patrick; Swamy, Geeta K.; Stockdale, Colleen K.; Bernstein, David I.; Winokur, Patricia L.
      Abstract: imageObjective The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that 5% monolaurin vaginal gel, a naturally occurring monoglyceride shown to have antimicrobial effects on vaginal pathogens without affecting Lactobacillus species, cures bacterial vaginosis (BV).Materials and Methods This was a multicenter, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial comparing 5% monolaurin vaginal gel to vehicle placebo (glycol-based) gel administered twice daily for 3 days. Nonpregnant, nonbreastfeeding women between ages 18 and 50 years were recruited and BV confirmed. Primary outcome was clinical cure assessed by resolution of all 4 Amsel criteria. Secondary outcomes included safety and tolerability assessed by solicited urogenital adverse events. Exploratory outcomes included colony counts for vaginal microbes associated with healthy vaginal flora (Lactobacillus species) and the dysbiosis often associated with BV (Gardnerella species and Mobiluncus species). A 2:1 test article to placebo randomization scheme was planned.Results One hundred nine women participated with 73 randomized to the treatment arm and 36 to the placebo arm. There was no significant difference in clinical cure for BV (p = .42) with 17% of the monolaurin group and 25% of the placebo group achieving clinical cure. Lactobacilli species counts increased in the monolaurin group compared with placebo (1.0 × 107 vs −5.2 × 106). Two thirds of both groups reported solicited urogenital adverse events, but these were mild to moderate with no significant difference between groups (p = .24).Conclusions Monolaurin was no more clinically or microbiologically effective than placebo in curing BV. Future research should explore whether monolaurin may be used to increase Lactobacilli species.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Oral Intake of Lactobacilli Can Be Helpful in Symptomatic Bacterial
           Vaginosis: A Randomized Clinical Study
    • Authors: Reznichenko; Halyna; Henyk, Nataliya; Maliuk, Viktor; Khyzhnyak, Tetyana; Tynna, Yevhenia; Filipiuk, Ihor; Veresniuk, Nataliia; Zubrytska, Larysa; Quintens, Johan; Richir, Karl; Gerasymov, Sergiy
      Abstract: imageObjective The aim of the study was to explore a role of oral intake of a mixture of 3 Lactobacillus species in recurrence of bacterial vaginosis (BV).Materials and Methods A phase 2 randomized parallel group prospective placebo-controlled study conducted at 7 clinical centers enrolled 18- to 45-years-old women with recent symptomatic BV cured with metronidazole. Within 48 hours after completion of metronidazole therapy, eligible women received 1 capsule of the verum (5.4 billion Lactobacillus crispatus LMG S-29995, Lactobacillus brevis, and Lactobacillus acidophilus in proportion of 60%, 20%, and 20%, respectively), or the placebo supplement 2 times daily for the first 7 days and 1 time daily for the next 8 to 120 days. The primary outcome measure was the percentage of recurrence of BV, which was defined as 3 of 4 Amsel criteria plus abnormal vaginal discharge/vulvar odor during 4 months of intake of the test dietary supplement. Differences between the groups were assessed with Z test for proportions.Results One hundred sixty-six women were analyzed in the verum (82 patients) and the placebo group (82 patients). Recurrence of BV was documented in 15 (18.3%) of 82 women in the verum group and 27 (32.1%) of 84 in the placebo group (p = .014). Rates of survival without BV rates were higher in the verum group (Cox F test, p = .018). Both verum and placebo supplements were well tolerated.Conclusions Oral intake of L. crispatus LMG S-29995, L. brevis, and L. acidophilus can significantly decrease percent of recurrences of BV in recently treated women and prolong time to recurrence of the disease.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Features of the Vaginal and Vestibular Microbioma in Patients With
           Vestibulodynia: A Case-Control Study
    • Authors: Murina; Filippo; Caimi, Camilla; Di Pierro, Francesco; Di Francesco, Stefania; Cetin, Irene
      Abstract: imageObjective Our objective was to determine the role of vaginal and/or vestibular microbiota disturbance as an associated factor of symptom characteristic of provoked vestibulodynia (PVD).Study Design In an observational case-control study, the bacterial microbiomes in the vagina and vestibule from 20 women with PVD and 18 healthy controls were compared using a 16S rRNA gene-based molecular analysis. Clinical data were recorded through a 0- to 10-point visual analog scale related to dyspareunia and vulvovaginal pain/burning.Results Comparative assessment of the bacterial taxa (cutoff ≥15%) revealed 105 genera in the vaginal samples of PVD patients and 113 genera in the vestibular samples. Similarly, 120 genera were detected in the vaginal samples and 151 in the vestibular samples of the control group. Bacterial complexity was higher in the vestibular samples than in vaginal samples in both groups, without statistically significant differences. The following 3 dominant taxonomic units were found: Lactobacillus, Gardnerella, and Atopobium in PVD patients and Lactobacillus, Gardnerella, and Bifidobacterium in the control group. Lactobacillus gasseri was dominant only in women with PVD, showing a significant correlation with burning/pain intensity and dyspareunia severity (0.255 and 0.357, respectively, p < .001).Conclusions Our data suggest that bacterial communities in vaginal discharge are an important contributor to the vestibular microbiota. Lactobacillus gasseri may be an element of vulnerability toward the development of vaginal dysbiosis. We can postulate its association as a potential etiologic organism in some individuals, either by itself or in some combination with other trigger factors.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Adult Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus: Can Experts Agree on the Assessment of
           Disease Severity'
    • Authors: Sheinis; Michal; Green, Nicole; Vieira-Baptista, Pedro; Carriero, Carmine; Fischer, Gayle; Leclair, Catherine; Madnani, Nina; Moyal-Barracco, Micheline; Selk, Amanda
      Abstract: imageObjective The objective of this study was to test the severity rating of the signs and architectural changes for interrater reliability among world experts via analysis of lichen sclerosus (LS) photographs.Methods A recent Delphi consensus exercise established a list of symptoms, signs, and architectural changes, which experts feel are important to include in a severity scale. Photographs of vulvar LS were manually extracted from patient charts and 50 photographs with a range of severity of signs and architectural changes were chosen. Lichen sclerosus experts were invited to take part in the study and 3 dermatologists and 3 gynecologists were selected for their expertise and geographic variety. Raters assessed the photographs for multiple signs and architectural changes as well as an overall impression of disease severity on a 4-point Likert scale. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated.Results The intraclass correlation coefficients were very poor for individual signs and architectural changes as well as for overall disease severity when analyzed for all 6 raters as well as when analyzed with dermatologists' and gynecologists' responses grouped separately. There were no statistically significant correlations found.Conclusions Global experts were unable to agree on any signs, architectural changes, or an overall global impression to assess vulvar LS disease severity based on analysis of vulvar photographs. Standardized descriptions regarding what constitutes mild, moderate, and severe signs and anatomical changes are required before further scale development can occur.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus: Outcomes Important to Patients in Assessing
           Disease Severity
    • Authors: Green; Nicole; Sheinis, Michal; Selk, Amanda
      Abstract: imageObjective The aim of the study was to determine outcome measures that women with vulvar lichen sclerosus (LS) rate as important in assessing disease severity with the ultimate goal of including these items in a disease severity rating tool.Methods An online survey of women older than 18 years with a diagnosis of vulvar LS was performed. The survey was posted in Facebook LS support groups. Participants rated items on a scale from 1 to 5 (not important to include to essential to include) in a disease severity scale. Participants also rated how often they were affected by various symptoms on a scale from 1 to 5 (never to daily). Mean rating of importance and mean rating of frequency for each sign and symptom were calculated. T tests were used to compare patients with biopsy-proven disease with those with a clinical diagnosis of LS.Results Nine hundred fifty-eight participants completed the survey (86% completion rate). Patients felt that the most important items to assess disease severity were irritation (4.39), fusion of the labia (4.38), soreness (4.37), itch (4.34), change in vulvar skin (4.34), and decrease in quality of life (4.33). The most frequently experienced items by those with LS were irritation (3.92), changes in appearance of vulvar skin (3.92), and discomfort (3.89). There were no differences between patients with biopsy-proven LS versus those diagnosed on clinical examination.Conclusions Future LS severity assessment tools will need to include a combination of patient-rated symptoms, clinical rated signs and anatomical changes, and quality of life measures.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Fat Grafting Improves Fibrosis and Scarring in Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus:
           Results From a Prospective Cohort Study
    • Authors: Almadori; Aurora; Hansen, Esther; Boyle, Deborah; Zenner, Nicole; Swale, Victoria; Reid, Wendy; Maclane, Allan; Butler, Peter E.M.
      Abstract: imageObjective The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of lipotransfer in women presenting with fibrosis and scarring due to lichen sclerosus.Materials and Methods This prospective cohort study included 33 women attending the vulvar clinic of a public hospital. Patients received one lipotransfer treatment. Validated measures were used prospectively to assess the sexual function (Female Sexual Function Index, Female Sexual Distress Scale); symptoms (visual analog scale for itching, burning, soreness), pain (Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale 20); psychological status and quality of life (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Relationship Assessment Scale, Wound Management Questionnaire Revised); physician-based disease signs (Vulvar Architecture Severity Scale). Data were analyzed using paired t test with nonparametric Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank test and unpaired t test with nonparametric Mann-Whitney test (Prism6 Software).Results The mean (SD) follow-up was 12.9 (3.5) months. Sexual function improved after treatment (p < .001), as well as the distress associated with sexuality (p < .0001). A significant improvement was reported in itching (p < .001), burning (p < .05), soreness (p < .001), and pain (p < .0001). Patients reported a significant improvement in romantic relationship (p < .05), anxiety (p < .0001), and depression (p < .0001). Improvement was not significant in the self-care associated with self-disgust assessment (p = .42). The clinical physician-based score showed an overall improvement in all the treated areas to lesser or greater extent.Conclusions The use of fat grafting in lichen sclerosus is promising. Further studies are required to rule out a potential placebo effect and to better understand the underlying molecular mechanism of action.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Anogenital High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion Comorbid With Vulvar
           Lichen Sclerosus and Lichen Planus
    • Authors: Lin; Angela; Day, Tania; Ius, Yvette; Scurry, James
      Abstract: imageObjective The aim of the study was to describe the clinicopathologic features of vulvovaginal or anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) comorbid with lichen sclerosus and/or lichen planus (LS/LP).Methods The local pathology database identified 37 consecutive cases from 2007 to 2019 of vulvar, vaginal, or anal HSIL among women who had a histopathologic diagnosis of vulvar LS/LP. Cases had p16 and p53 immunoperoxidase stains. Clinical data included age, relative location of HSIL and LS/LP, immune-modifying conditions, tobacco use, treatment type, and follow-up. Histopathologic data included HSIL morphology categorized as warty-basaloid or keratinizing, p16 and p53 patterns within HSIL, and features of LS/LP.Results The mean age was 69 years with a median follow-up up 42 months. Lichen sclerosus, alone or in combination with LP, was the comorbid dermatosis in 89%. Lichen sclerosus/lichen planus was overlapping or adjacent to HSIL in two-thirds of cases and located separately in the remainder. Rates of tobacco use and immunologic dysfunction were each 40%. In cases of co-located LS and HSIL, sclerosis was absent under the neoplasia in 57%. Twenty-four percent of HSIL cases showed keratinizing morphology; block-positive p16 and suprabasilar-dominant p53 helped distinguish HSIL from human papillomavirus–independent neoplasia.Conclusions Histopathologic identification of comorbid HSIL and LS/LP may be challenging because of keratinizing morphology and loss of diagnostic features of LS. Clinicopathologic correlation and use of p16 and p53 are essential to achieve an accurate diagnosis and enact disease-specific management plans.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Clinicopathologic Diagnostic Criteria for Vulvar Lichen Planus
    • Authors: Day; Tania; Wilkinson, Edward; Rowan, Darion; Scurry, James; for the ISSVD Difficult Pathologic Diagnoses Committee*
      Abstract: imageObjective The aim of the study was to describe the clinical and histopathologic features required for a clinicopathologic diagnosis of vulvar lichen planus (LP), which is divided into 3 types: erosive, classic, and hypertrophic.Materials and Methods The International Society of the Study of Vulvovaginal Diseases tasked the Difficult Pathologic Diagnoses committee with development of a consensus document for the clinicopathologic diagnosis of vulvar LP, lichen sclerosus, and differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia. The LP subgroup reviewed the literature and formulated diagnostic criteria, then approved by the International Society of the Study of Vulvovaginal Diseases membership.Results The clinicopathologic diagnosis of erosive LP incorporates 5 criteria: (a) a well-demarcated, glazed red macule or patch at labia minora, vestibule, and/or vagina, (b) disease affects hairless skin, mucocutaneous junction, and/or nonkeratinized squamous epithelium, (c) evidence of basal layer damage, categorized as degenerative or regenerative, (d) a closely applied band-like lymphocytic infiltrate, and (e) absent subepithelial sclerosis. The clinicopathologic diagnoses of classic and hypertrophic LP each require a characteristic clinical appearance accompanied by hyperkeratosis, hypergranulosis, acanthosis, basal layer degeneration, a closely applied lymphocytic infiltrate, and absent dermal sclerosis, with hypertrophic LP showing marked epithelial abnormality compared with classic LP.Conclusions Clinicopathological correlation yields the most reliable diagnosis of vulvar LP. Disease appearance overlaps with other physiologic, dermatologic, infectious, and neoplastic entities; a low threshold for biopsy at all morphologically distinct areas is recommended. Use of the histopathologic criteria described in this document may reduce the nondiagnostic biopsy rate for clinically diagnosed LP.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Differences Between Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Vulva and the
    • Authors: Maclean; Allan B.; Jones, Ronald W.
      Abstract: The Lower Anogenital Squamous Terminology project and subsequent publication have grouped preinvasive human papillomavirus–associated squamous intraepithelial lesions of the lower genital tract and adjacent skin as a single entity. We are concerned that as a result of this grouping, some of the clinically relevant differences may not be taken into consideration. We describe differences between high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion of the vulva and cervix (vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia), in embryology (arising from ectoderm vs mesoderm), clinical presentations (symptoms or signs due to many vulvar lesions vs abnormal cytology), examination techniques and diagnosis (clinical examination of potentially widely involved areas vs colposcopy of the transformation zone), natural history, management, and follow-up requirements (long-term clinical assessment vs cytology and human papillomavirus testing). We believe that failure to understand these important differences will lead to errors in management.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • The International Classification of Diseases, 11th Revision: A Step-Back
           for Women With Vulvodynia'
    • Authors: Radici; Gianluigi; Preti, Mario; Vieira-Baptista, Pedro; Stockdale, Colleen K.; Bornstein, Jacob
      Abstract: Objective The aim of the study was to compare the International Classification of Diseases, 11th revision, (ICD-11) with current terminology of vulvodynia, approved by a broad-based consensus of the International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease (ISSVD), the International Society for the Study of Women Sexual Health (ISSWSH), and the International Pelvic Pain Society (IPPS).Methods The diagnostic criteria and descriptions of vulvodynia as well as the definition and classification of chronic pain in ICD-11 were reviewed and compared with the Consensus Terminology and Classification of Persistent Vulvar Pain and Vulvodynia, endorsed in 2015 by the ISSVD, ISSWSH, and IPPS.Results Diagnostic criteria and descriptors of vulvodynia in the ICD-11 are outdated. Moreover, vulvodynia is not identified among chronic pain diagnoses, despite fulfilling the diagnostic criteria of chronic primary pain. Specifically, vulvodynia is a vulvar pain of at least 3-month duration, which is associated with significant emotional distress and functional disability, and is not better accounted for by another specific condition.Conclusions The ICD-11 is not aligned with current vulvodynia diagnostic criteria and terminology, approved by the ISSVD, ISSWSH, and IPPS. Collaboration among the International Association for the Study of Pain Task Force on Classification of Chronic Pain, ICD team, ISSVD, ISSWSH, and IPPS is needed to harmonize terminologies, codes, and clinical approach regarding vulvar pain and vulvodynia classification.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease 2019
           Presidential Address
    • Authors: Preti; Mario
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
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