Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8821 journals)
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UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 159 of 159 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)


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Journal Cover
American Journal of Men's Health
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.595
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 9  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1557-9883 - ISSN (Online) 1557-9891
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1143 journals]
  • Psychological Needs Satisfaction, Self-Rated Health and the Mediating Role
           of Exercise Among Testicular Cancer Survivors

    • Authors: Anika R. Petrella, Catherine M. Sabiston, Madison F. Vani, Andrew Matthew, Daniel Santa Mina
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Exploring tenets of basic psychological needs theory, the objective of this study was to examine the association between psychological needs satisfaction, exercise behavior, and physical and mental health among testicular cancer survivors. The present study investigated whether psychological needs satisfaction was directly associated with increased self-rated health, and if this relationship was mediated by engagement in exercise. Testicular cancer survivors (N = 135; Mage = 32.45; SD = 7.63) self-reported current psychological needs satisfaction, exercise behavior, and perceived global physical and mental health during routine oncology visits. Associations were examined using path analysis. Psychological needs satisfaction was a positive correlate of both self-rated physical and mental health in this sample, and exercise mediated the association between needs satisfaction and self-rated physical health. This study supports the assumptions underpinning basic psychological needs theory in this unique clinical population. Based on the findings, exercise engagement represents one mechanism associated with perceived health after cancer. Supportive care interventions should aim to enhance satisfaction of psychological needs and investigate exercise as a mechanism underpinning the relationship between needs satisfaction and perceived health in testicular cancer survivors.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-30T06:24:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211012601
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • A Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy of L-Carnitine/L-Acetyl-Carnitine or
           N-Acetyl-Cysteine in Men With Idiopathic Asthenozoospermia

    • Authors: Guangzhu Wei, Zhongbao Zhou, Yuanshan Cui, Yongjin Huang, Zijin Wan, Xuanyan Che, Yumeng Chai, Yong Zhang
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      The meta-analysis was performed to access efficacy of L-carnitine/L-acetyl-carnitine (LC/LAC) and N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) in men with idiopathic asthenozoospermia. We researched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases and references to related articles. Finally, seven articles including 621 patients were analyzed. The results indicated that LC/LAC and NAC had a considerable improvement in sperm motility (p = .03 and p < .0001, respectively) and normal morphology (p = .006, p = .0002, respectively) compared with the placebo group. Besides, NAC had a significantly greater increase in sperm concentration (p < .00001) and ejaculate volume (p = .002) compared with the placebo group, and there was no significant difference in LC/LAC. For the analysis of serum hormones, NAC had no obvious differences in improving the serum testosterone, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and prolactin compared with non-treatment group. Conclusively, LC/LAC and NAC showed a greater improvement in sperm motility and normal morphology. Moreover, NAC has a positive effect on sperm concentration and ejaculate volume, whereas no obvious effect was observed in serum hormones.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-28T05:12:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211011371
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • “You Cannot Catch Fish Near the Shore nor Can You Sell Fish Where There
           Are No Customers”: Rethinking Approaches for Reaching Men With HIV
           Testing Services in Blantyre Malawi

    • Authors: Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando, Mphatso Kumwenda, Leticia Chimwemwe Suwedi- Kapesa, Sangwani Salimu, Thokozani Kazuma, Victor Mwapasa
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      HIV testing is the entry point to the cascade of services within HIV care. Although Malawi has made positive strides in HIV testing, men are lagging at 65.5% while women are at 81.6%. This study explored the preferences of men on the avenues for HIV testing in Blantyre, Malawi. This was a descriptive qualitative study in the phenomenological tradition in seven public health facilities in Blantyre, Malawi, among men and health-care workers (HCWs). We conducted 20 in-depth interviews and held 14 focus group discussions among 113 men of varying HIV statuses. All our participants were purposively selected, and data were digitally recorded coded and managed through NVivo. Thematic analysis was guided by the differentiated service delivery model. Men reported a preference for formal and informal workplaces such as markets and other casual employment sites; social places like football pitches, bars, churches, and “bawo” spaces; and outreach services in the form of weekend door-to-door, mobile clinics, men-to-men group. The health facility was the least preferred avenue. The key to testing men for HIV is finding them where they are. Areas that can be leveraged in reaching men are outside the routine health system. Scaling up HIV testing among men will require targeting avenues and operations outside of the routine health system and leverage them to reach more men with services. This suggests that HIV testing and counseling (HTC) uptake among men may be increased if the services were provided at informal places.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-28T05:08:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211011381
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Research and Clinical Significance of the Differentially Expressed Genes
           TP63 and LMO4 in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Related Penile Squamous Cell

    • Authors: Wenrui Xue, Xin Zheng, Xiaopeng Hu, Yu Zhang
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      To study the differential gene expression and clinical significance in human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals (HIVIIs) with penile squamous cell carcinoma. At our hospital from 2019 to 2020, we selected six samples of HIV-related penile squamous cell carcinoma for the experimental group and six samples of non-HIV-related penile squamous cell carcinoma for the control group. Transcriptome sequencing of sample mRNAs was performed by high-throughput sequencing. Differential gene expression analysis, differential Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and differential Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were carried out, and the reads per kilobase per million reads (RPKM) value was used as a measure of gene expression. A total of 2418 differentially expressed genes were obtained, of which 663 were upregulated and 1755 were downregulated (absolute value of logFC>1 and p value
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-28T05:01:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211011380
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Correlates of Alcohol-Using Network Size Among Men Who Have Sex with Men
           in San Francisco, CA

    • Authors: Alex Garcia, Chris Rowe, Caitlin Turner, Glenn-Milo Santos
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a high prevalence of hazardous alcohol consumption. While network-level characteristics such as social network size have been indicated as upstream determinants of alcohol use in general population samples, no studies have examined factors associated with alcohol using network size (ANS), among MSM.This secondary analysis examined demographic, substance use, and sexual behavior correlates of ANS using data from a diverse sample of alcohol-using MSM in San Francisco (N = 252). Associations were calculated using multivariable negative binomial regression, adjusting for age, race, education, and employment.The median ANS was 10. Factors associated with larger ANS in multivariable analyses included identifying as Hispanic/Latino, having completed a college education or higher, having a higher Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score, having a greater number of sexual partners, polysubstance use, and being unaware of one’s own HIV status. Factors associated with smaller ANS included being between 18 and 24 years of age, reporting a low income, and having any lifetime history of injection drug use.For MSM, ANS was associated with increased likelihood of hazardous alcohol use, as well specific individual-level substance use and sexual risk behaviors. These results highlight the role of ANS in hazardous alcohol consumption and sexually transmitted infection transmission among MSM. These results also indicate ways that research and intervention programs aimed at reducing alcohol use among MSM might be improved through network-based recruitment or engagement. Finally, these results suggest the need for further research on HIV-unknown MSM.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-24T09:21:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211007005
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Relationship Between Physical Activity Levels and Psychological Well-Being
           Among Male University Students in South East, Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional

    • Authors: Fabian Chibunine Ugwueze, Olaoluwa Samson Agbaje, Prince Christian Ifeanachor Umoke, Eyuche Lawretta Ozoemena
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      This study aimed to evaluate the associations between physical activity (PA) and psychological well-being (PWB) among male university students. An institutionally based cross-sectional study was completed by 243 young men aged 18–30 years in a Nigerian public university. PA was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF), and PWB was measured by Ryff’s Scale of Psychological Well-being (PWB). The mean age of the participants was 24.9 (SD = 7.61) and majority (39.1%) of the participants was aged 18–22 years. Regarding PA, 16.0%, 64.2%, and 19.8% of the participants had low, moderate, and high PA levels, respectively. The mean total PWB score was 119.9 (SD = 23.64). For the domains of PWB, male students had mean scores of 25.73 (SD = 6.05), 19.42 (SD = 6.82), 25.75 (6.10), 14.12 (SD = 3.89), 13.70 (SD = 4.04) and 21.12 (4.92) for self-acceptance, autonomy, positive relations, environmental mastery, purpose in life and personal growth, respectively. Total PA (total MET min/week) was associated with the total PWB scores (β = 0.13, p < .05). The total PA METs was significantly associated with self-acceptance (β = 0.13, p < .05). positive relations (β = 0.16, p < .05), purpose in life (β = 0.39, p < .05). Vigorous PA METs showed significantly negative effect on personal growth (β = −0.28, p < .05) and accounted for 2.0% of the variance of personal growth. PA accounted for 2.5% and 1.2% of the variance of positive relations and purpose in life, respectively., Most of the young men had moderate levels of PA and PWB. PA was significantly associated with PWB among the young men. Male sensitive evidence-based health promotion interventions should aim at promoting PA and PWB among male university students.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-24T09:19:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211008337
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Developing a Group Program for Older Males to Participate in Social
           Activities in Japan: A Mixed-Methods Study

    • Authors: Kenta Nomura, Norikazu Kobayashi
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      This study analyzes the effect of social participation in a program that encourages participation in social activities as an approach to counteract the social isolation of elderly males in Japan. The design of this study was an open-label, before-and-after trial for a single group using the convergent design of the mixed-methods study. This program led to significant improvement in independent living and interest in society, but it did not help increase satisfaction with social activities. Additionally, a qualitative data identify that this program encouraged subjects to proactivity participate in social activities. While it has been identified that this program may have had a considerable effect by integrating quantitative and qualitative data, it is necessary to improve the program to further promote change in the subjects’ social behavior.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-23T10:05:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988321989899
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • “This Is the Result of Something Else”: Experiences of Men That Abused
           Drugs and Had Experienced Childhood Trauma

    • Authors: Margret Torshamar Georgsdottir, Sigrun Sigurdardottir, Hrafnhildur Gunnthorsdottir
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Drug abuse is a serious public health issue that may have irreversible consequences. Research has revealed that childhood psychological trauma can promote addictive behaviors in adulthood and that drugs are often used as a coping mechanism. Men are less likely to report trauma and seek help than women. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experience of men in Iceland who have abused drugs and experienced childhood psychological trauma, to increase knowledge and deepen the understanding of trauma and addiction. Participants were seven men who had both experienced childhood trauma and had a history of drug abuse. Two interviews were conducted with each participant. The main findings suggest that participants abused drugs as a coping mechanism due to the trauma experienced in childhood. For some participants, seeking companionship was a key component of their drug use. Participants were mostly dissatisfied with treatment resources in Iceland; waiting lists were long and too much focus was on religion. Five main themes were identified: emotional impact, self-medication for pain, gender expectations, impermanence of thoughts, and loss of a sense of wholeness. Increased societal and professional awareness of the linkage between trauma and drug abuse is needed, as are additional resources specific to men who have experienced childhood trauma and drug abuse. It is important to integrate trauma focused services into health-care settings to educate health-care professionals on trauma and the consequences thereof, in addition to utilizing screening tools such as the Adverse Childhood Experience Questionnaire for those seeking assistance.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-21T10:24:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211009348
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Involvement of Male Partners of Pregnant Women in the Prevention of
           Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in Haiti: A Mixed-Methods

    • Authors: Patrice Ngangue, Middle Fleurantin, Rheda Adekpedjou, Leonel Philibert, Marie-Pierre Gagnon
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      This mixed-methods study aimed to determine the level of male involvement in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services in Haiti and identify barriers and associated factors. From May to June 2018, a questionnaire was used to measure the level of male involvement. Semistructured interviews with pregnant women were also conducted. Multivariate linear regression and qualitative content analyses were performed to explore factors associated and barriers to male partners’ involvement in PMTCT services. One hundred and two pregnant women living with HIV completed the questionnaire. About 47% of male partners had a high level of involvement. Specifically, 90% financially supported their spouse, and 82% knew her appointment date at the antenatal clinic (ANC). Only 25% of male partners accompanied their spouse to the ANC, and 19% routinely used a condom during sexual intercourse. Factors associated with male involvement in PMTCT were being married and sharing HIV status with the male partner. Male partners with a positive HIV status were more likely to be involved in PMTCT. Qualitative findings revealed that barriers to male involvement included the conflict between opening hours of the ANC and the male partner’s schedule, waiting time at the ANC, and the perception of antenatal care as being women’s business. Overall male partners’ involvement in PMTCT services is moderate. Gender relations, sociocultural beliefs, and care organization are likely to hinder this involvement. Developing and implementing contextually and culturally accepted strategies for male partners of pregnant women could contribute to strengthening their involvement in the PMTCT program.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-20T04:50:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211006003
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Thanks to Reviewers

    • Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.

      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-16T07:13:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211008630
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Exploring Condom Use Behaviors Among African American Adolescent Boys in
           the Deep South

    • Authors: Jessica Thames Chambliss, Retta Evans, Anneliese Bolland, Martha S. Wingate, John M. Bolland
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Risky sexual behaviors among adolescents can increase adverse outcomes including unplanned pregnancy or contraction or transmission of disease. Adolescents who engage in risky sexual activities are at increased risk for adverse health and social outcomes compared to those who do not engage. Despite declines in adolescent pregnancy and birth rates, the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is steadily increasing among adolescents. Moreover, African American adolescent boys in the United States, specifically in the southeastern region are disproportionally at greater risk for STIs, and STI diagnosis within this population has increased over time, compared to their white counterparts. This study sought to identify factors associated with condom use among adolescent boys in the Deep South. Using data from the Mobile Youth Survey, a longitudinal adolescent community-based survey, this study assessed the relationship between personal, behavioral, and environmental factors and condom use among African American adolescent boys (14–19 years). Younger participants (14–15 and 16–17) were more likely to use a condom during the last sexual intercourse compared to older participants (18–19 years). High positive attachment to boy/girlfriend was associated with increased condom use. The number of sexual partners, age at their first sexual encounter, recent sexual behavior, and having an STI were also associated with increased condom use among participants. The study provides further insights into factors associated with condom use among African American adolescent boys and results can inform the development of sexual health interventions.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-15T09:19:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211009039
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Endocrine Effects of Repeated Hot Thermal Stress and Cold Water Immersion
           in Young Adult Men

    • Authors: Robert Podstawski, Krzysztof Borysławski, Andrzej Pomianowski, Wioletta Krystkiewicz, Piotr Żurek
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      The aim of the study was to determine the effect of repeated hot thermal stress and cold water immersion on the endocrine system of young adult men with moderate and high levels of physical activity (PA). The research was conducted on 30 men aged 19–26 years (mean: 22.67 ± 2.02) who attended four sauna sessions of 12 min each (temperature: 90−91°C; relative humidity: 14–16 %). Each sauna session was followed by a 6-min cool-down break during which the participants were immersed in cold water (10−11°C) for 1 min. Testosterone (TES), cortisol (COR), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), and prolactin (PRL) levels were measured before and after the sauna bath. The participants’ PA levels were evaluated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Serum COR levels decreased significantly (p < .001) from 13.61 to 9.67 µg/ml during 72 min of sauna treatment. No significant changes (p>.05) were noted in the concentrations of the remaining hormones: TES increased from 4.04 to 4.24 ng/ml, DHEA-S decreased from 357.5 to 356.82 µg/ml, and PRL decreased from 14.50 to 13.71 ng/ml. After sauna, a greater decrease in COR concentrations was observed in males with higher baseline COR levels, whereas only a minor decrease was noted in participants with very low baseline COR values (r =−0.673, p
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-13T08:18:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211008339
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Black American Fathers Employed in Higher-Risk Contexts for Contracting

    • Authors: Shauna M. Cooper, Alvin Thomas, Olajide Bamishigbin
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Black Americans remain disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Emerging data suggests that employment in certain occupations (e.g., essential; frontline) may place individuals at higher-risk for contracting COVID-19. The current investigation examined how Black American fathers’ COVID-19 perceived work risk was associated with their individual well-being (COVID-19 diagnosis; depressive and anxiety symptoms; sleep disturbance; sleep quality) as well as spillover into family contexts. Participants were 466 Black American fathers (M = 36.63; SD = 11.00) who completed online surveys in June–July 2020. Adjusted binomial logistic and multiple regressions were estimated to examine how fathers’ work context was associated with COVID-19 health outcomes, psychological functioning, sleep health, and family stress. Descriptive analyses revealed that 32% of fathers reported a personal diagnosis of COVID-19 and 21% indicated that an immediate family member had been diagnosed. Adjusted binomial logistic regression analyses revealed that fathers working in higher-risk contexts for contracting COVID-19 had a greater odds ratio for both a personal (OR: 1.68, 95% CI: 1.05, 2.68) and an immediate family member diagnosis (OR: 2.58, 95% CI: 1.52, 4.36). Working in a higher-risk context for contracting COVID-19 was associated with poorer psychological functioning, greater sleep disturbance, and higher levels of family discord. Findings suggest that Black fathers working in higher risk contexts may be at risk for COVID-19 exposure and infection. Further, this study indicates that these effects extend to their own well-being, including mental and sleep health as well as increased family stress.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-13T08:18:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211005617
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • The Challenges and Strategies of Affordable Care Act Navigators and
           In-Person Assisters with Enrolling Uninsured, Violently Injured Young
           Black Men into Healthcare Insurance Coverage

    • Authors: Joseph B. Richardson, William Wical, Nipun Kottage, Mihir Chaudhary, Nicholas Galloway, Carnell Cooper
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Low-income young Black men experience a disproportionate burden of violent injury in the United States. These men face significant disparities in healthcare insurance coverage and access to care. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) created a new healthcare workforce, Navigators and In-Person Assisters (IPAs), to support low-income minority populations with insurance enrollment. Using a longitudinal qualitative case study approach with Navigators and IPAs at the two busiest urban trauma centers in Maryland, this study identifies the culturally and structurally responsive enrollment strategies used by three Navigators/IPAs as they enrolled violently injured young Black men in healthcare insurance coverage. These approaches included gaining their trust and building rapport and engaging female caregivers during enrollment. Navigators and IPAs faced significant barriers, including identity verification, health literacy, privacy and confidentiality, and technological issues. These findings offer novel insight into the vital work performed by Navigators and IPAs, as they attempt to decrease health disparities for young Black male survivors of violence. Despite high rates of victimization due to violent firearm injury, little is known about how this population gains access to healthcare insurance. Although the generalizability of this research may be limited due to the small sample size of participants, the qualitative case study approach offers critical exploratory data suggesting the importance of trauma-informed care in insurance enrollment by Navigators and IPAs. They also emphasize the need to further address structural issues, which affect insurance enrollment and thus undermine the well-being of young Black men who have survived violent injury.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-13T08:17:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211005552
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • The Etiology of Infertility Affects Fertility Quality of Life of Males
           Undergoing Fertility Workup and Treatment

    • Authors: Katarzyna Warchol-Biedermann
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      This panel study explored the effects of male, female, mixed, or idiopathic factor of infertility on the fertility quality of life (FertiQoL) in involuntarily childless males undergoing fertility workup for the first time. A convenience sample of 255 married males (age range = 22–51 years, mean = 30.24 years), 254 (99.6%) of whom suffered from primary infertility were assessed (1) at the baseline, before their initial fertility evaluation (T1); (2) before their second andrological appointment, 2–3 months after diagnostic disclosure (T2); and (3) before subsequent treatment-related/ follow-up appointments (T3, T4). The timing of psychological assessment was strictly related to andrological appointments and routine medical procedures. Respondents completed Emotional, Mind–Body, Relational, and Social subscales of the Polish version of FertiQoL and a baseline demographic survey. The research demonstrated that the FertiQoL scores across the Emotional, Mind–Body, and Relational subscales markedly decreased after the diagnostic disclosure, particularly in the subgroups with male and concurrent male and female factor. Social subscale scores in all subgroups remained stable after the diagnostic disclosure (at T2) but significantly decreased in the follow-up (at T3 and T4). Significant differences in FertiQoL scores associated with respondents’ infertility factor could be demonstrated at each time point. The study identifies the FertiQoL in unintentionally childless males is significantly affected by their factor of infertility and evolves across the pathway of treatment-related/follow-up appointments.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-09T12:19:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320982167
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Relation of the C/T-13910 LCT Polymorphism with Body Composition Measures
           and Their Modulation by Dairy Products in a Caucasian Men

    • Authors: Agnieszka Popadowska, Agnieszka Kempinska-Podhorodecka
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      The C/T-13910 LCT is closely associated with lactase persistence and LCT has emerged as a new candidate gene for obesity, in particular in northern Europeans. The aim of this research is to investigate to what degree sex determines the association between the LCT variant and anthropometric traits in a cohort of healthy individuals. We recruited 1000 (500 males and 500 females aged 18–65 years) healthy blood donors. The C/T-13910 LCT polymorphism was genotyped using TaqMan assays. All individuals were phenotyped with respect to anthropometric characteristics. Prevalence of genotypes was 22.7% CC (lactase non-persistent, LNP), 58.6% CT, and 18.7% TT. LNP genotype was present less frequently among men p = .0005; OR 0.582 [0.425–0.794]. Therefore, in addition statistical calculations were performed separately for men and women. Additional analysis demonstrated an association between the CC genotypes and higher chest (p = .03), waist (p = .005), and forearm circumference (p = .0004) or more lean body mass (p = .04), than T-allele carriers in males. In females, they were not significantly different. Men consumed more milk (p = .003), while women ate more yoghurt (p = .001). Pearson’s correlation analysis showed that the higher intake of milk and dairy products was associated with higher fat body mass among men with lactase persistence. In Caucasian men, the LNP genotype is associated with reduced milk intake and dairy products, but more fat-free mass and higher forearm circumference, which may be relevant to dietary management for lactose intolerant.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-04-07T10:27:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211007272
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Sperm Parameters, ASAs and Apoptosis After Processing by the Double Tube
           and Swim up Methods

    • Authors: Zhi-Da Shi, Yan-Ping Zhang, Li-Ping Zhai, Mei-Hua Zhang, Yun-Ling Dong, Hui-Jun Yang, Yi Qiu
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      The aim of this study was to improve the quality of semen samples by using a novel double-tube (DT) method. The DT method was developed to select sperm and compared with traditional swim-up (SU) technique for 31 semen samples. Sperm DNA integrity were tested with TUNEL and SCSA. Content of antisperm antibodies (ASA) in the semen was measured by ELISA and MAR. Levels of the caspase-3 in the sperm were assessed by western blotting. After SU and DT, 15 couples and 16 couples were underwent IVF-ET. The number of RCDs, the percentage of SDF and DFI, ASA and the level of caspase-3 were significantly decreased after DT and SU (p = .001 and p < .001). When the DT and SU compared, there were significant changes in the number of RCD, the percentage of SDF and DFI, ASA and the level of caspase-3 (p < 0.05-0.001). There was a higher cleavage rate (p = .017) and a lower abortion rate (p < .05) in DT-IVF group than in SU-IVF group. DT selection yielded spermatozoa with low RCDs, DFI, ASA, and caspase-3 which would be benefit for ART.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-03-24T11:27:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211001202
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Misreporting Weight and Height Among Mexican and Puerto Rican Men

    • Authors: Laura L. Aylward, Kristin L. Schneider, Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Most obesity prevalence data rely on self-report, which typically differs when compared to objectively measured height, weight, and body mass index (BMI). Given that Latino men have high rates of obesity in the United States and demonstrate greater misreporting compared to Caucasian men, examining the factors that contribute to misreporting among Latino men is warranted. This study examined BMI, Latino ethnic background (Mexican or Puerto Rican), and social desirability in relation to misreporting of BMI, as defined as the discrepancy between self-reported and measured height and weight, in Latino men. Participants were 203 adult Mexican and Puerto Rican men, average age 39.41 years, who participated in a larger study. Participants self-reported their weight and height, had their weight and height objectively measured, and completed a measure of social desirability. Measured BMI was the strongest predictor of misreporting BMI, such that the greater the participants’ BMI, the greater the discrepancy in BMI (p < .001). Misreporting of BMI did not vary based on ethnic background, and measured BMI did not moderate the relationship between social desirability and misreporting of BMI. When normative error was distinguished from misreporting in post-hoc analyses, results showed that only 34.5% of participants demonstrated misreporting. Findings highlight the importance of identifying normative error when examining misreporting in order to improve the accuracy of self-reported BMI data. Future research on misreporting for Latino men should include weight awareness, acculturation, and length of U.S. residency as these variables may be related to self-reported weight and height.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-03-24T09:24:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211001198
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • “I’m Not Afraid of Dying Because I’ve Got Nothing to Lose”: Young
           Men in South Africa Talk About Nonfatal Suicidal Behavior

    • Authors: Jason Bantjes, Curwyn Mapaling
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      First-person narratives of suicidal behavior may provide novel insights into how individuals with lived experience of suicide understand and narrate their behavior. Our aim was to explore the narratives of young men hospitalized following nonfatal suicidal behavior (NFSB), in order to understand how young suicidal men construct and understand their actions. Data were collected via narrative interviews with 14 men (aged 18–34 years) admitted to hospital following an act of NFSB in Cape Town, South Africa. Narrative analysis was used to analyze the data. Two dominant narratives emerged in which participants drew on tropes of the “great escape” and “heroic resistance,” performing elements of hegemonic masculinity in the way they narrated their experiences. Participants position themselves as rational heroic agents and present their suicidal behavior as goal-directed action to solve problems, assert control, and enact resistance. This dominant narrative is incongruent with the mainstream biomedical account of suicide as a symptom of psychopathology. The young men also articulated two counter-narratives, in which they deny responsibility for their actions and position themselves as defeated, overpowered, wary, and unheroic. The findings lend support to the idea that there is not only one narrative of young men’s suicide, and that competing and contradictory narratives can be found even within a dominant hyper-masculine account of suicidal behavior. Gender-sensitive suicide prevention strategies should not assume that all men share a common understanding of suicide. Suicide can be enacted as both a performance of masculinity and as a resistance to hegemonic gender roles.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-03-22T09:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988321996154
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Promoting Men’s Health With the “Don’t Change
           Much” e-Program

    • Authors: John L. Oliffe, Nick Black, Jeffrey Yiu, Ryan Flannigan, Wayne Hartrick, S. Larry Goldenberg
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Men’s e-health promotion programs can offer end-user anonymity and autonomy that provide avenues for supporting positive health behavior change. The twofold purpose of the current study was to use a benchmark cohort as a reference group to: (1) describe associations between men’s usage levels of the e-health program Don’t Change Much (DCM) and their recent and intended health behavior changes, and (2) report an exploratory analysis of the moderating effects of demographic variables on the associations between DCM users and their recent and intended health behavior changes. Based on self-report, DCM users were classified into limited (n = 613, 34.7%), low (n = 826, 46.8%), and high (n = 327, 18.5%) exposure groups. Compared with the benchmark cohort, DCM high-exposure respondents had significantly increased odds for eight of the nine recent behavior changes, with the largest effect size observed for “Made an effort to sit less and walk more” (odds ratio [OR] 2.996, 95% CI [2.347, 3.826]). Eight of the nine intended health behavior changes in the DCM high-exposure group had significantly increased odds compared to the benchmark cohort, with “Reduce stress level” (OR 3.428, 95% CI [2.643, 4.447]) having the largest effect size. Significantly greater total numbers of recent (F(12, 2850) = 29.32; p = .001; R2 = .086) and intended health behavior changes (F(12, 2850) = 34.59; p = .001; R2 = 0.100) were observed among high exposure respondents while adjusting for demographics. Younger age, being employed, and household income
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-03-20T07:27:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211001189
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • The Chronic Effects of Narghile Use on Males’ Cardiovascular Response
           During Exercise: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Faten Chaieb, Helmi Ben Saad
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Narghile use has regained popularity throughout the world. Public opinion misjudges its chronic harmful effects on health, especially on the cardiovascular system. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the chronic effects of narghile use on cardiovascular response during exercise. It followed the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews guidelines. Original articles from PubMed and Scopus published until January 31, 2020, written in English, and tackling the chronic effects of narghile use on human cardiovascular response during exercise were considered. Five studies met the inclusion criteria. Only males were included in these studies. They were published between 2014 and 2017 by teams from Tunisia (n = 4) and Jordan (n = 1). One study applied the 6-min walk test, and four studies opted for the cardiopulmonary exercise test. Narghile use was associated with reduced submaximal (e.g., lower 6-min walk distance) and maximal aerobic capacities (e.g., lower maximal oxygen uptake) with abnormal cardiovascular status at rest (e.g., increase in heart rate and blood pressures), at the end of the exercise (e.g., lower heart rate, tendency to chronotropic insufficiency) and during the recovery period (e.g., lower recovery index). To conclude, chronic narghile use has negative effects on cardiovascular response to exercise with reduced submaximal and maximal exercise capacities.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-03-17T11:00:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988321997706
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Screening Older Adult Men for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: A Scoping Review

    • Authors: Priya Bains, John L. Oliffe, Martha H. Mackay, Mary T. Kelly
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a potentially fatal condition predominantly affecting older adult men (60 years or over). Based on evidence, preventative health-care guidelines recommend screening older males for AAA using ultrasound. In attempts to reduce AAA mortality among men, screening has been utilized for early detection in some Western countries including the UK and Sweden. The current scoping review includes 19 empirical studies focusing on AAA screening in men. The findings from these studies highlight benefits and potential harms of male AAA screening. The benefits of AAA screening for men include decreased incidence of AAA rupture, decreased AAA mortality, increased effectiveness of elective AAA repair surgery, and cost-effectiveness. The potential harms of AAA screening included lack of AAA mortality reduction, negative impacts on quality of life, and inconsistent screening eligibility criteria being applied by primary care practitioners. The current scoping review findings are discussed to suggest changes to AAA screening guidelines and improve policy and practice.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-03-16T10:05:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211001204
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Deterioration in Sleep Quality Affects Cognitive Depression in Prostate
           Cancer Patients

    • Authors: Christopher F. Sharpley, David R. H. Christie, Vicki Bitsika
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Men who suffer from prostate cancer (PCa) need to make important decisions regarding their treatment options. There is some evidence that these men may suffer from sleep difficulties due to their cancer or its diagnosis and treatment. Although sleep difficulties have been associated with cognitive depression in other samples of men, they have not been examined in PCa patients, despite the importance of decision-making for these men. This study was designed to investigate the association between sleep difficulties and cognitive depression in PCa patients. A sample of 96 PCa patients completed a background questionnaire, the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, and the Insomnia Severity Index. Comparison was made between sleep difficulty scores from before the patients received their diagnosis of PCa to the time of survey, allowing use of a “retrospective pretest” methodology. Just over 61% of the sample reported a deterioration in sleep quality, and this was significantly associated with cognitive depression (r = .346, p = .007). At the specific symptom level, having a clear mind significantly contributed to the variance in difficulty falling asleep (R2 change = .140, F for change = 9.298, p = .003). Sleeping difficulties, particularly falling asleep, are common and associated with depression-related to ability to think clearly in PCa patients. This has potentially adverse effects upon the ability of men with PCa to understand their treatment options and make decisions about them.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-03-16T10:00:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211001201
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • Socioeconomic Status and Psychosocial Resources Mediate Racial/Ethnic
           Differences in Psychological Health Among Gay and Bisexual Men: A
           Longitudinal Analysis Using Structural Equation Modeling

    • Authors: Rainier Masa, Sylvia Shangani, Don Operario
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      A large body of research demonstrates disparities in psychological health attributed to sexual minority identity, racial/ethnic minority identity, and socioeconomic status (SES). Fewer studies have explicated the role of these multiple attributes on psychological health and explored the role of SES and psychosocial resources in determining outcomes. We analyzed data from Project STRIDE, a longitudinal survey involving a diverse sample of gay and bisexual adult men (n = 198). Using structural equation modeling, we tested hypothesized direct and indirect effects of race/ethnicity, SES, and three psychosocial mediational variables (collective self-efficacy, everyday discrimination, internalized homophobia) on two outcome variables—psychological and social well-being—assessed at 1-year follow-up. Our model indicated that: (1) race/ethnicity and SES were significantly associated with each other and with each psychosocial mediator; (2) higher SES was directly and indirectly associated with both measures of well-being; and (3) collective self-esteem and everyday discrimination mediated the association between SES and both measures of well-being. The model also indicated that racial/ethnic associations with psychological mediators and outcomes are evident in the context of SES, but these effects might be suppressed when the model does not consider SES. Findings highlight the critical role of SES and race/ethnicity in determining the psychological and social well-being of sexual minority men. Specification of mediating variables—collective self-efficacy, everyday discrimination, internalized homophobia—indicates potential intervention targets to improve psychological and social health in sexual minority men. Associations between race/ethnicity and SES support the need for intersectional frameworks in addressing the health of sexual minority men.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-03-16T09:59:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15579883211001197
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
  • What is the Image of the “Typical Cancer Patient”' The
           View of Physicians

    • Authors: Angeliki Tsiouris, Nadine Ungar, Martina Gabrian, Alexander Haussmann, Karen Steindorf, Joachim Wiskemann, Monika Sieverding
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 15, Issue 2, March-April 2021.
      Former research has identified stigmatizing attitudes toward cancer patients in the general population. Little is known about (implicit) attitudes of physicians toward cancer patients. By using the prototype approach, the study investigated German physicians’ prototypical perceptions of cancer patients. Five hundred nineteen physicians (mean age: 46 years, 47% female) who regularly treat cancer patients participated in the questionnaire study. Participants were asked to state three prototype attributes that describe the “typical cancer patient.” Open format answers were coded on the dimensions favorability (coded with unfavorable, favorable, or neutral) and gender-stereotypicality (coded with masculine stereotypical, feminine stereotypical, or gender-neutral). Of all prototype attributes (N = 1,589), 69.9% were coded as unfavorable and 14.3% as favorable, the remaining attributes were neutral (15.9%). Analysis of gender-stereotypicality revealed that nearly half of the attributes (49.5%) were compatible with the feminine, whereas only 6.5% were compatible with the masculine stereotype. The remaining attributes (44.0%) were gender-neutral. There were no significant associations between prototype favorability or gender-stereotypicality and demographic/professional characteristics of physicians. The prototype approach was successful to identify (implicit) attitudes toward cancer patients and might be more sensitive than social distance scales when investigating stigmatizing attitudes. Physicians described the “typical cancer patient” with predominantly unfavorable and feminine attributes, while favorable attributes were underrepresented and positive masculine attributes were barely mentioned. The finding that the “typical cancer patient” lacks (positive) masculine attributes should be followed up in further research.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2021-03-05T10:46:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320988480
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2021)
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