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UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 151 of 151 Journals sorted alphabetically
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access  
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Urine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 4)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2304-0238 - ISSN (Online) 2616-7352
Published by Institute of Nephrology NAMS of Ukraine Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The effect of the experimental chronic hyperglycemia on the kidney and
           myocardium

    • Authors: Olha Yarmolenko, Valentyna Bumeister, Stefan Polak, Olena Gordienko, Olha Prykhodko, Nadiia Demikhova, Yurii Shkatula, Andrii Demikhov
      Pages: 3 - 10
      Abstract: Abstract. The number of patients with diabetes increases annually. Modern forecasts predict that diabetes will be the seventh leading cause of death in 2030. Despite many significant advances in the research of diabetes and the use of new modern treatments, the disease is still progressing, and it is necessary to continue to study the effects of diabetes on human systems and organs: kidney and myocardium. Methods. A total of 24 rats of reproductive age (6 months old) were involved in this experimental study. Experimental rats were injected with alloxan intraperitoneally once at a dose of 20 mg/100 g on an empty stomach. In addition, they received a 10% glucose solution 24 hours after alloxan injection and a 5% glucose solution during the experiment. We measured glucose level with Accu-Chek Advantage (Boehringer, Germany) after 2, 12, and 24 hours after alloxan injection, and then weekly. The subjects of the investigation were kidney and heart of the experimental (n=12) and control (n=12) animals for correct comparative analysis. Results. The average blood glucose level remained at 11 mmol/L ± 2 mmol/L. During the experimental period, the rats' weight gain, dilation of both ventricles and relative renal weight gain were determined. By the histological examination of the myocardium, we revealed polymorphic nuclei, perinuclear cytolysis, fragmentation, wavy-like deformation of cardiomyocytes, stromal and perivascular edema, uneven filling of blood vessels, and local fibrosis. Thinning of fibrous capsule and cortical layer, destruction of nephrons, and hemorrhages were detected in the kidney. Conclusions. Our study confirms the robustness of alloxan-induced hyperglycemia in rats. We came to this conclusion because the early changes in the kidneys and heart are explained by the development of microangiopathies, which is a typical feature of the pathogenesis of diabetes. With prolonged exposure to chronic hyperglycemia, structural disorders of vital organs are worsened. This experimental model could be used for conducting comprehensive research aimed to study the mechanisms of diabetes mellitus, the effects of hyperglycemia on organs and tissues, and correct the complications.
      PubDate: 2021-05-13
       
  • Nephroprotective effect of dapagliflozin in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A
           potential role of Klotho protein

    • Authors: I. Topchii, P. Semenovykh, V. Galchiskaya, K. Savicheva
      Pages: 11 - 18
      Abstract: Abstract. The present study aimed to investigate the dynamics of clinical and laboratory parameters and serum Klotho protein level in patients with diabetic kidney disease using nephroprotective therapy combined with an inhibitor of the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) dapagliflozin. Methods. A total of 76 type 2 diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) were examined in this prospective study. Control group - 20 healthy subjects. 53 patients received a standard course of treatment, which included metformin, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers and statins. In addition to standard therapy, 23 patients have been prescribed the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin 10 mg per day. The treatment follow-up period was six months. Klotho concentration was determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results. The development of DN in type 2 diabetic patients was accompanied by a significant decrease in soluble Klotho protein in comparison with controls and patients without nephropathy. During follow-up, Klotho protein level was changed significantly in the group of DN patients with albuminuria. Standard therapy resulted in Klotho concentration increase by 14% compared to pre-treatment values; a more demonstrative increase in the Klotho level was found in the dapagliflozin group (almost 23%). Conclusions. SGLT2 inhibitor treatment resulted in a significant increase of pleiotropic serum protein Klotho in patients with type 2 diabetes and diabetic kidney disease.
      PubDate: 2021-06-07
       
  • Crosstalk between proteinuria, plasma oxalic acid and inflammation in
           glomerulonephritis patients: an exploratory study

    • Authors: Natalia Stepanova, Lyudmyla Snisar, Larysa Lebid, Victoria Driianska
      Pages: 19 - 27
      Abstract: Abstract. In the present exploratory cross-sectional cohort study, we evaluated whether plasma and urine oxalate concentrations in patients with primary glomerulonephritis depend not only on the glomerular filtration rate but also on the proteinuria level and influence the inflammatory response. Methods. We enrolled 100 participants, including 76 patients with glomerulonephritis having chronic kidney disease stage (CKD) 1–3b (69.7% of them with nephrotic syndrome) and 24 healthy volunteers. We excluded patients with diabetes, cardiovascular disease and those with glomerulonephritis with an estimated GFR (eGFR) < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2. In addition to routine hematological and biochemical tests, plasma oxalate concentration, urinary oxalate excretion, and serum interleukin (IL)-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) levels were assessed in all study participants. Results. We observed that plasma oxalic acid concentration was significantly higher in patients with glomerulonephritis (19.0 [5.9–45.2] µmol/L) than in healthy volunteers (5.5 [3.8–7.3] µmol/L, p < 0.0001). Moreover, nephrotic proteinuria was significantly associated with plasma oxalic acid elevation independent of the patients’ age, sex, glomerular filtration rate, and body mass index (odds ratio = 1.42, 95% confidence interval = 1.13–1.77, p = 0.002). In turn, the increased plasma oxalic acid concentration was associated with high levels of serum IL-6 and MCP-1, which may be cardiovascular risk factors in patients with primary glomerulonephritis. Conclusions. Nephrotic proteinuria was significantly associated with the elevation of plasma oxalic acid concentration and hyperoxaluria in glomerulonephritis patients with CKD stages 1–3b. Plasma oxalate at least partly promotes inflammation, which may be a cardiovascular risk factor in patients with glomerulonephritis in the early stages of CKD. Future studies should recruit at least 156 participants to confirm our preliminary results, validate nephrotic proteinuria as a risk factor for oxalate metabolism violation or determine the role of impaired oxalate homeostasis in clinical outcomes in patients with glomerulonephritis.
      PubDate: 2021-04-15
       
  • Predictors of graft outcome in renal transplant recipients with
           antibody-mediated rejection

    • Authors: Ergün Parmaksız, Meral Meşe, Serap Yadigar, Kübra Aydın Bahat
      Pages: 28 - 35
      Abstract: Abstract. Active and chronic antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) is a common cause of graft failure. Prognostic markers of this complication are not well defined. We aimed to find out the demographic, histopathological and clinical characteristics of transplant recipients who developed ABMR and evaluate the impact of these features,  and anti-rejection treatment modalities on graft survival.   Methods. Thirty-two patients who developed ABMR (22 male; mean age 40.59±12.52 years) were included in this study. Data were evaluated retrospectively and graft survival was analyzed. All transplant biopsies were evaluated according to Banff's 2013 classification. Results. Among the 32 cases, 26  were transplanted from living donors. Mean serum creatinine at the time of biopsy was 1.99 ±0.09 mg/dL. Proteinuria was  1566.06±353.92 mg/day at the time of biopsy.  The need for hemodialysis was significantly related with initial creatinine (p = 0.003); creatinine after three months (p < 0.001) and final creatinine (p < 0.001) as well as initial proteinuria (p = 0.005); proteinuria after three months (p < 0.001) and final proteinuria (p < 0.001). 6 cases showed diffuse C4d positivity, 26  cases showed focal c4d positivity. Five of 6 patients with diffuse C4d staining in renal biopsy were hemodialyzed at first and third months despite anti-rejection therapy (p=0.029 and 0.041,  respectively). Mean survival time was 1654.67±220.40 (95% CI 1222.68-2086.66) days for focal staining C4d cases and 366.16±36.44 (95% CI 294.73-437.60) days for diffuse staining C4d cases. The difference was statistically significant (p=0.012). Two of the patients died, 15 experienced graft loss and 17 survived with functioning grafts. Mean survival time between anti-rejection treatment modalities showed no statistical significance (p=0.15) Conclusions. Serum creatinine, proteinuria at the time of biopsy, diffuse peritubular C4d staining were significantly associated with graft survival. Early diagnosis is important to improve success in the treatment of ABMR and graft survival
      PubDate: 2021-02-03
       
  • The use of epoetin alfa biosimilar in the anemia management in
           hemodialysis patients

    • Authors: I. O. Dudar, E. K. Krasjuk, Y. I. Honchar, O. M. Loboda, I. M. Shifris, V. F. Krot, V. M. Savchuk
      Pages: 36 - 43
      Abstract:  Abstract. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of EMAVAIL (epoetin alfa) in the correction of anemia in hemodialysis patients. Methods. A total of 36 patients undergoing regular hemodialysis were enrolled in this prospective study. Among the patients were 19 (53%) men and 17 (47%) women with severe anemia (hemoglobin (Hb) level ≤ 90 g/L). The mean patients' age was 48.41±1.82 years, an average dialysis vintage consisted of 42.38±10.41 months. All the patients had thrice-weekly hemodialysis sessions, with a mean duration of 12.6 ± 0.51 hours per week and Kt/V 1.27 ± 0.08. All the patients were treated with biosimilar of epoetin alfa EMAVAIL intravenously three times a week in adjustable doses. The follow-up period was 56 days. Results. At the study entry, the mean Hb level in hemodialysis patients was 81.7±0,93 g/L. In 56 days of anemia treatment, the concentration of Hb increased to 109.17±1.75 g/L. Eventually, 32 (89%) patients achieved the target Hb level (110 g/L); 6 (17%) patients had adverse events (mild hypertension). There were no serious adverse events. Conclusions. EMAVAIL is an effective and safe epoetin alfa biosimilar for anemia management in hemodialysis patients.
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
       
  • Mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy in surgery of nephrolithiasis

    • Authors: Аndriy Sahalevych, Roman Sergiychuk, Vladislav Ozhohin, Olexandr Vozianov, Andriy Khrapchuk, Yaroslav Dubovyi, Olexandr Frolov
      Pages: 44 - 52
      Abstract: Abstract. The present study aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPNL) in comparison with standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy (sPNL) for the treatment of complex nephrolithiasis. Methods. During the period from 2012 to 2020, 1021 patients with solitary (10.0-30.0 mm), staghorn and multiple renal calculi were retrospectively divided into two groups: sPNL (500 patients) and mPNL (521 patients). The groups were compared by the stone-free rate (%, SFR), the duration of the surgery, complications and hospital stay. Results. SPNL and mPNL were highly effective procedures for the treatment of nephrolithiasis. The mPNL group had longer operative times (81.0±15.5 vs 69.1±13.9 min, p<0.001) and higher frequency tubeless/totally tubeless procedures (41.1 vs 6.8%, p<0.001). mPNL showed a higher SFR (96.4 vs 91.8%, р=0.002 in patients with complete staghorn (90.1 vs 77.3%, p<0.05) and multiple kidney stones (89.5 vs 70.8%, p=0.03). Postoperative decrease in hemoglobin was lower in mPNL group 1.1±0.34 vs 2.1±0.26 g/dl (p<0.001). The incidence rate of urinary tract infections and postoperative hospital stay was lower in the mPNL group: 7.3 vs 13.2%, p=0.03 and 1.9±0.6 vs 4.3±2.4 days, р<0.001. Conclusions. MPNL is a safe and effective treatment for patients with complex renal stones with an improved stone-free rate and lower complication rate and shorter hospital stay. Smaller diameter tract in mPNL procedures was associated with a longer duration of surgery.
      PubDate: 2021-08-07
       
  • COVID-19 and kidney diseases: A meta-analysis of clinical outcomes

    • Authors: Fateme Shamekhi Amiri
      Pages: 53 - 66
      Abstract: Abstract. Novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly infectious disease that causes multiorgan failure and a high mortality rate. The present study aimed to investigate the association between COVID-19 infection and kidney dysfunction.
      Methods. In this meta-analysis study, 68 patients with kidney dysfunction and COVID-19 infection were analysed. Clinical features, laboratory data at initial presentation, management and, outcomes were collected. Risk of acute kidney injury (AKI), acute kidney disease (AKD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression to kidney replacement therapy and graft loss were primary outcomes in this study.
      Results. The average age of patients at the time of diagnosis in COVID-19 nephropathy was 52.04 ± 14.42 years. There were ICU admission in 10/68 (14.7%) patients with COVID-19 nephropathy. There were a need for mechanical ventilation in 13/68 (19.1%) patients; 15/68 (22%) patients died during hospital course or post-discharge. There were AKI in 4/68 (5.8%) patients with COVID-19 nephropathy and AKD found in 14/68 (20.5%) patients with COVID-19 nephropathy during the follow-up. The median and interquartile range of SCr during the follow-up period was assessed at 1.74 mg/dl and 1.18 (Q3-Q1=2.73-1.55), respectively. The effect size of COVID-19 on AKI and AKD was assessed 0 and 0.003 using Cohen᾽s-d test. Eventually, 10 of 68 (14.7%) patients with COVID-19 nephropathy stayed on hemodialysis during the follow-up period and one of them remained on RRT but its type was not characterized. There were a total of 36/68 (52.9%) kidney transplant recipients and 10/36 (27.7%) of them developed AKI due to acute rejection. The effect size of elevated IL-6 on decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in COVID-19 nephropathy was assessed 0.656 (medium effect size).
      Conclusion. The COVID-19 had a trivial (small) effect on eGFR declining. Future clinical research is required for investigating novel unknown findings in COVID-19 nephropathy.
      PubDate: 2021-06-27
       
  • Advanced diagnostic techniques for paediatric chronic kidney disease in a
           developing country: A narrative review

    • Authors: IK Ndu , SR Ohayi, BO Edelu
      Pages: 67 - 75
      Abstract: Abstract: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is described as a complex and progressive condition that arises from both non-communicable diseases (NCD) and communicable diseases (CD). Approximately a tenth of adults are affected worldwide, but the global prevalence of paediatric CKD remains unknown. Unfortunately, advanced diagnostic techniques and interventions are not readily available in most developing countries. This review seeks to create more awareness about paediatric CKD in a developing country like Nigeria and the need to intensify efforts to make new technologies for its diagnosis available and more affordable.
      PubDate: 2021-08-05
       
  • Significance of biochemical parameters in assessment of the status of
           COVID-19 positive patients: An overview

    • Authors: Jayshri Sadashiv Jankar, Kumud Namdeorao Harley, Avinash Harishchandra Waghmode
      Pages: 76 - 87
      Abstract: Abstract. COVID-19 is an infection induced by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, that has resulted in a worldwide sanitary crisis. COVID-19 has a wide variety of clinical features, ranging from asymptomatic infection to minor to severe pneumonia. Different laboratory markers get altered in these patients, according to recent studies, and are therefore valuable as biomarkers to detect disease development and identify patients who may present a severe and/or deadly clinical condition. This article reviews biochemistry and immunology biomarkers that are changed in COVID-19 positive individuals, as well as inflammatory markers, and their influence on liver, heart, kidney and pancreatic functions markers' levels, as well as their significance in the disease's progression.
      PubDate: 2021-08-13
       
  • Fractures in patients with chronic kidney disease

    • Authors: S. L. Dudar
      Pages: 88 - 96
      Abstract: Abstract. Despite rapid progress in improving dialysis technology in recent years, the mortality of patients treated with renal replacement therapy remains quite high. Mineral and bone disease is omnipresent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and leads to a diverse range of clinical manifestations, including bone pain and fractures. Mineral bone disorders (MBD), as well as changes in bone structure, develop at the beginning of CKD. Osteoporosis can progress according to declining of the glomerular filtration rate and contribute to the deterioration of bone strength resulted in a high risk of fracture. In CKD patients, the most common are hip fractures, femur, humerus, compression fractures of the vertebrae and pelvic fractures. CKD-MBD is characterized by disorders of calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone and/or vitamin D metabolism, as well as, bone regeneration, mineralization, volume, linear growth and strength violation, calcification of blood vessels, or other soft tissues. Medications that correct systemic mineral metabolism can improve bone histology in patients with CKD. However, clinical and biochemical targets used in clinical practice remain controversial, resulting in an undermanagement of bone fragility.  The clarifying of the appropriateness of medicines that act directly on the bone or affect the mineral and hormonal metabolism could be a promising strategy to prevent pathological fractures due to fragility among CKD patients.
      PubDate: 2021-08-10
       
 
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