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    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)

UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 159 of 159 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Nephron
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1660-8151 - ISSN (Online) 2235-3186
Published by Karger Homepage  [122 journals]
  • The Effects of M1/M2 Macrophages on the mRNA Expression Profile of
           Diabetic Glomerular Endothelial Cells
    • Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of M1/M2 macrophages on the mRNA expression profile of glomerular endothelial cells (GECs) treated with advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs). Methods: We cocultured M1/M2 macrophages and GECs treated with AGEs. The mRNA expression profile was detected by transcriptome sequencing. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis was performed using the online tool Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (DAVID). The expression of differential genes was confirmed using droplet digital PCR and Western blot. Results: The results showed that 1,337 genes were significantly changed in M2 cocultured with AGE-treated GECs compared to those of the M1 cocultured with AGE-treated GECs. The KEGG analysis results show that the differentially expressed genes are primarily involved in specific pathways, including the rat sarcoma signaling pathway and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. The expression of Braf, Fgfr2, Map3k1, and Mras, which are involved in the MAPK signaling pathway, was downregulated in cocultured M2 with AGE-treated GECs and was consistent with sequencing. Therefore, the cocultured M1/M2 macrophages with AGE-treated GECs can affect the expression of mRNA in GECs, and M2 macrophages via the MAPK signaling pathway may protect GECs from damage by AGEs. Conclusion: Coculturing M1/M2 macrophages and GECs treated with AGEs can affect the mRNA expression in GECs. M2 macrophages can inhibit the Braf, Fgfr2, Map3k1, Mras, and p-ERK expression in the MAPK signaling pathway, which may be related to M2 macrophages protecting GECs from damage by AGEs.
      Nephron
      PubDate: Thu, 06 May 2021 11:09:06 +020
       
  • Association between Diabetes Mellitus and Contrast-Associated Acute Kidney
           Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 1.1 Million Contrast
           Exposure Patients
    • Abstract: Background: Although diabetes mellitus (DM) has been a common risk factor of contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) for a long time, several current studies showed that DM is not an independent risk factor. Due to this diverse finding, we aim to conduct a systematic review assessing the effect of DM on CA-AKI. Methods: We searched Ovid Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (to June 1, 2020) for studies assessing the association between DM and CA-AKI. Random meta-analysis was performed to derive the pooled estimates of the adjusted odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: A total of 84 studies involving 1,136,827 participants were included in this meta-analysis. The presence of DM was associated with an higher risk of CA-AKI (pooled OR: 1.58, 95% CI: 1.48–1.70, I2 = 64%). Furthermore, the predictive effect of elevated CA-AKI for was stronger in the subgroup of DM patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) (OR: 2.33, 95% CI: 1.21–4.51), while the relationship between DM and CA-AKI was not significant in subgroup patients without CKD (OR: 1.12, 95% CI: 0.73–1.72). Conclusion: This is the first meta-analysis to prove that DM is an independent risk factor of CA-AKI in patients. While the predictive value of DM for CA-AKI in patients with normal kidney function was weakened, more protective treatments are needed in diabetic patients with kidney dysfunction to avoid the occurrence of CA-AKI.
      Nephron
      PubDate: Wed, 05 May 2021 12:08:20 +020
       
  • Increased Premature Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases in Dialysis Patients: A
           Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study
    • Abstract: Background: Growing data indicate a higher prevalence of cerebrovascular diseases in patients with ESRD. Cerebral small-vessel disease (CSVD) is an important risk factor of stroke and dementia. A comprehensive assessment of CSVD in a dialysis population is needed. Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, we enrolled 179 dialysis patients and 351 controls matched by sex and age with normal serum creatinine. The presence and locations of 3 main features of CSVD in dialysis patients, including lacunes, cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), and white matter hyperintensities (WMHs), were evaluated with brain magnetic resonance imaging and compared with controls. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify risk factors. Results: Compared with controls, the prevalence of CSVD was significantly increased in dialysis patients (odds ratio [OR] 2.66, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.26–5.62). Among them, risks of CMBs and WMHs were increased in dialysis (OR 4.01, 95% CI 1.78–9.42; 3.91, 95% CI 1.67–9.15), except for lacunes. The age of subjects with CSVD detected was significantly younger in the dialysis group (p = 0.002). Unlike controls, basal ganglia were most affected by lacunes and CMBs in dialysis patients. In dialysis patients, multivariate analysis further revealed that aging, smoking, and hyperlipidemia were significantly associated with CSVD, while dialysis modality was not significant. Conclusion: We demonstrated a higher prevalence and early-onset tendency of CSVD in dialysis patients, especially for CMBs and WMHs. Dialysis patients showed different patterns and associated factors for CSVD.
      Nephron
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Apr 2021 14:23:32 +020
       
  • Early versus Late Initiation of Renal Replacement Therapy: Have We Reached
           the Consensus' An Updated Meta-Analysis
    • Abstract: Objectives: The objective of this study is to compare early versus late/standard initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Data Sources: MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane renal group till August 15, 2020. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing early versus late initiation of RRT in patients with AKI were included. The primary outcome measures were all-cause mortality and dialysis dependence on day 90. Secondary outcome measures were length of stay, recovery of renal functions, and adverse events. Data Extraction: Two authors independently performed study selection and data extraction using data extraction forms. Data Synthesis: A total of 14 RCTs with 5,234 participants were included. Three trials had low risk of bias in all the domains. There was no significant difference in the overall mortality (risk ratio (RR): 0.99; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.89, 1.10; moderate certainty of evidence), day 30 mortality (RR: 1.0; 95% CI: 0.91, 1.09; high certainty of evidence), day 90 mortality (RR: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.88, 1.13; high certainty of evidence), and ICU mortality (RR: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.90, 1.10; moderate certainty of evidence) between the early versus late RRT. Dialysis dependence on day 90 was significantly higher in the patients assigned to early RRT (RR: 1.55; 95% CI: 1.15, 2.09; moderate certainty of evidence). The treatment-emergent adverse events (hypophosphatemia and hypotension) were significantly higher in the patients assigned to early RRT. Conclusion: There is no added benefit of early initiation of RRT in patient with AKI; this may lead to treatment-emergent adverse events. Delaying the initiation of RRT with close monitoring and initiating RRT for emergent indications should be the acceptable criterion in critical care nephrology. Prospero Registration: CRD42016043092.
      Nephron
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Apr 2021 09:00:26 +020
       
  • Characterization of a Rat Model of Myeloperoxidase-Anti-Neutrophil
           Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Crescentic Glomerulonephritis
    • Abstract: Background/Aim: Necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) associated with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) against myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a devastating disease that quickly progresses to kidney failure. Current therapies are broadly immunosuppressive and associated with adverse effects. We wanted to set up a model that could be suitable for testing narrowly targeted therapies. Methods: The model was constructed in male Wistar Kyoto rats through injections of human MPO (hMPO) and pertussis toxin, followed by a sub-nephritogenic dose of sheep anti-rat glomerular basement membrane (GBM) serum to boost the disease. Rats were monitored for 35 days. Rats given hMPO alone, saline, or human serum albumin with or without anti-GBM serum were also studied. Results: Rats receiving hMPO developed circulating anti-hMPO and anti-rat MPO antibodies. Challenging hMPO-immunized rats with the anti-GBM serum led to more glomerular neutrophil infiltration and MPO release, and severe haematuria, heavy proteinuria, and higher blood urea nitrogen than hMPO alone. Pauci-immune GN developed with crescents, affecting 25% of glomeruli. The majority of crescents were fibrocellular. Necrotizing lesions and Bowman capsule ruptures were detected. Cells double positive for claudin-1 (a marker of parietal epithelial cells [PECs]) and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM; progenitor PECs) were present in crescents. Double staining for NCAM and Ki-67 established proliferative status of progenitor PECs. Podocyte damage was associated with endothelial and GBM changes by electron microscopy. Monocyte/macrophages and CD4+ and CD8+ T cells accumulated in glomeruli and the surrounding area and in the tubulointerstitium. Lung haemorrhage also manifested. Conclusion: This model reflects histological lesions of human ANCA-associated rapidly progressive GN and may be useful for investigating new therapies.
      Nephron
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Apr 2021 07:57:13 +020
       
  • Evolution of SARS-CoV-2: Review of Mutations, Role of the Host Immune
           System
    • Abstract: Since the reporting of the first cases of coronavirus in China and the publication of the first sequence of SARS-CoV-2 in December 2019, the virus has undergone numerous mutations. In Europe, the spring outbreak (March–April) was followed by a drop in the number of cases and deaths. The disease may have evolved into a milder form. The increase in PCR-positive cases in late summer 2020 did not lead to the expected increase in hospitalizations, ICU admissions, and deaths, based on the severity of the disease in the spring. This difference in disease severity could be due to factors independent of the virus or to the evolution of the virus. This review attempts to identify the mutations that have appeared since the beginning of the pandemic and their role in the temporal evolution of the pandemic. There are a cell and humoral type cross-reactivity in a large part of the population to common cold coronaviruses (HCoVs) and SARS-CoV-2. Evolutionarily important mutations and deletions have emerged in the SARS-CoV-2 genes encoding proteins that interact with the host immune system. In addition, one of the major mutations (in viral polymerase) is logically associated with a higher frequency of mutations throughout the genome. This frequency fluctuates over time and shows a peak at the time when the epidemic was most active. The rate of mutations in proteins involved in the relationship to the immune system continues to increase after the first outbreak. The cross-reactivity on the 1 hand and the viral mutations observed on the other hand could explain the evolution of the pandemic until the summer of 2020, partly due to the evolution of the virus in relation to the host immune system. The immunization campaign began in December 2020: concerns are emerging about a possible escape of the circulating variants vaccines in early 2021. These variants could also escape immunity acquired through infection with the 2020 strains.
      Nephron
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Apr 2021 07:55:49 +020
       
  • COVID-19 Infection: Viral Clearance and Antibody Response in Dialysis
           Patients and Renal Transplant Recipients
    • Abstract: Background/Aims: The coronavirus disease 2019 (CO­VID-19) pandemic is the major current health emergency worldwide, adding a significant burden also to the community of nephrologists for the management of their patients. Here, we analyzed the impact of COVID-19 infection in renal patients to assess the time to viral clearance, together with the production and persistence of IgG and IgM antibody response, in consideration of the altered immune capacity of this fragile population. Methods: Viral clearance and antibody kinetics were investigated in 49 renal patients recovered from COVID-19 infection: 7 of them with chronic decompensated renal failure, 31 under dialysis treatment, and 11 kidney transplant recipients. Results: The time span between the diagnosis of infection and recovery based on laboratory testing (2 negative nasopharyngeal swabs in consecutive days) was 31.7 ± 13.3 days. Three new positive cases were detected from 8 to 13 days following recovery. At the first serological determination after swab negativization, all the patients developed IgG and IgM antibodies. The semiquantitative analysis showed a progressive increase in IgG and a slow reduction in IgM. Discussion/Conclusion: In subjects with decompensated chronic kidney disease, under dialysis and in transplant recipients, viral clearance is lengthened compared to the general population. However, in spite of their common status of immunodepression, all of them were able to produce specific antibodies. These data might provide useful insights for monitoring and planning health-care activities in the weak category of patients with compromised renal function recovered from COVID-19.
      Nephron
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Apr 2021 11:42:49 +020
       
  • Post-Transplant Diabetes Mellitus and Prediabetes in Renal Transplant
           Recipients: An Update
    • Abstract: Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a frequent and relevant complication after renal transplantation: it affects 20–30% of renal transplant recipients and increases the risk for cardiovascular and infectious events. Thus, understanding pathogenesis of PTDM would help limiting its consequences. In this review, we analyse novel aspects of PTDM, based on studies of the last decade, such as the clinical evolution of PTDM, early and late, the reversibility rate, diagnostic criteria, risk factors, including pre-transplant metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance (IR) and the interaction between these factors and immunosuppressive medications. Also, we discuss novel pathogenic factors, in particular the role of β-cell function in an environment of IR and common pathways between pre-existing cell damage and tacrolimus-induced toxicity. The relevant role of prediabetes in the pathogenesis of PTDM and cardiovascular disease is also addressed. Finally, current evidence on PTDM treatment is discussed.
      Nephron
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Apr 2021 10:39:57 +020
       
  • The Role of Renal Pathology in the Prognosis and Recovery of
           Community-Acquired Acute Kidney Injury
    • Abstract: Objectives: The determinants leading to different renal outcomes in community-acquired acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) and the influence of renal histological damage on the prognosis and recovery of CA-AKI are scarcely reported. Methods: Adult patients with CA-AKI admitted to Shanghai Changzheng Hospital with renal biopsy profiles from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2018, were enrolled in our cohort. After 3 months of follow-up, clinical outcomes, including patient survival, dialysis requirement during hospitalization and at 3 months, CKD stage 3–5, and renal functional recovery at 3 months, were analyzed, and risk factors were identified. Results: A total of 294 patients with CA-AKI with renal pathology were identified for this cohort. Among 282 patients who survived 3 months after AKI, 59.6% completely recovered, 21.3% partially recovered, 21.3% progressed to stage 3–5 CKD without dialysis, and 17.7% maintained dialysis. Moreover, 70.4% of patients in the cohort presented with de novo intrinsic renal disease, except acute tubular necrosis or acute interstitial nephritis, on renal biopsy. In the multivariate analyses, clinical factors were more related to short-term outcomes and severity of CA-AKI, represented by mortality, in-hospital dialysis, and CRRT requirement, while pathological elements were more involved with CKD progression, including dialysis-dependent or stage 3–5 CKD, and renal function recovery at the 3-month follow-up. The detrimental influence of glomerular and arterial lesions on renal prognosis of CA-AKI was as critical as tubular and interstitial lesions. Conclusions: Clinical and pathological parameters both contribute to patient and renal outcomes after CA-AKI. The value of renal biopsy should be recognized in prognostic prediction.
      Nephron
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Apr 2021 12:25:51 +020
       
  • From Obesity to Chronic Kidney Disease: How Can Adipose Tissue Affect
           Renal Function'
    • Abstract: Obesity is directly associated with an increased risk of developing CKD, regardless of other comorbid conditions. Although the molecular mechanisms that link both diseases are not well established, the role of adipose tissue (AT) is becoming increasingly important in obesity-associated kidney damage. In the context of obesity, lipotoxicity and the alteration of AT secretion profile promote inflammation, oxidative stress, and fibrosis in the kidney, which ultimately leads to impaired renal function. Different studies have highlighted the importance of body weight loss in the improvement of renal function markers. In this regard, bariatric surgery, rather than low-calorie diets, has been accepted as the most effective option to lose weight. In fact, a significant reduction in proteinuria and hyperfiltration has been observed in association with surgically induced weight loss. Detection of early signs of kidney dysfunction in patients with obesity has not been accomplished yet, though. Therefore, understanding the harmful effects within the adipo-renal axis is essential to prevent the progression to the irreversible renal insufficiency. MicroRNAs have recently been described as important modulators of normal kidney function. Some of these microRNAs could be potential early markers of kidney damage, which would help with the diagnosis and the prevention of CKD.
      Nephron
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Apr 2021 10:56:29 +020
       
 
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