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UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 159 of 159 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Current Urology Reports
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.679
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 5  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1534-6285 - ISSN (Online) 1527-2737
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2656 journals]
  • Ureteral Obstruction After Endoscopic Treatment of Vesicoureteral Reflux:
           Does the Type of Injected Bulking Agent Matter'
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Endoscopic injection of bulking agents for the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has become a therapeutic alternative to antibiotic prophylaxis and ureteral reimplantation. Although considered as a safe and efficient procedure, several studies have reported cases of ureteral obstruction (UO) after endoscopic correction of VUR. This review article evaluates the present VUR literature to estimate the incidence of UO following endoscopic injection of different substances, while also discussing the impact of injection technique and implant volume. Recent Findings Twenty-five publications were identified that provided detailed information on 64 females and 32 males (age range, 7 months–48 years) that developed UO after endoscopic treatment of VUR using dextranomer/hyaluronic acid (Dx/HA), polyacrylate polyalcohol (PP), polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), calcium hydroxyapatite (CaHA), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), or collagen. There was some variation in the reported incidence of UO among these materials: Dx/HA (0.5–6.1%), PP (1.1–1.6%), PDMS (2.5–10.0%), CaHA (1.0%), and PTFE (0.3%). Postoperative UO was described following subureteric transurethral injection (STING), intraureteric hydrodistension implantation technique (HIT), combined HIT/STING and double HIT. The injected volume ranged widely, also depending on the type of bulking agent: Dx/HA (0.3–3.0 mL), PP (0.3–1.2 mL), PDMS (1.0–2.2 mL), CaHA (0.4–0.6 mL), and PTFE (1.5–2.0 mL). The timing of UO varied from immediately after the procedure to 63 months. Over half of patients showed asymptomatic hydroureteronephrosis on follow-up imaging, whereas the remaining presented with symptoms of acute UO or fever. Summary UO remains a rare complication after endoscopic correction of VUR, generally reported in less than 1% of treated cases, which appears to be independent of the injected substance, volume, and technique. However, long-term follow-up is recommended as asymptomatic or delayed UO can occur, potentially leading to deterioration of renal function.
      PubDate: 2019-07-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0913-5
  • Anatomy of Classic Bladder Exstrophy: MRI Findings and Surgical
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review The exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) represents a group of congenitally acquired malformations involving the musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary systems. Classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) is the most common and best studied entity within the EEC. In this review, imaging features of CBE anatomy will be presented with surgical correlation. Recent Findings Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has emerged as a useful modality for pre- and postnatal assessment of the abdominal wall, pelvic floor, and gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems of children with CBE. The authors’ experience supports use of preoperative MRI, in conjunction with navigational software, as a method for identifying complex CBE anatomy. Summary Imaging facilitates surgical approach and improves visualization of complex anatomy, potentially helping to avoid complications. Continued investigation of imaging guidance in CBE repair is needed as surgical techniques improve.
      PubDate: 2019-07-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0916-2
  • First- and Second-Generation Temporary Implantable Nitinol Devices As
           Minimally Invasive Treatments for BPH-Related LUTS: Systematic Review of
           the Literature
    • Abstract: Introduction In the last decade, there has been a growing interest in minimally invasive treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). In this field, one of the options currently available is the temporary implantable nitinol device (iTIND) (Medi-Tate®; Medi-Tate Ltd., Or Akiva, Israel). Purpose of the Work To review the recent data available in the literature regarding the role of the first-generation (TIND) and second-generation (iTIND) devices for the management of BPH with LUTS, especially focusing on follow-up of functional outcomes. Evidence Acquisition PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were screened for clinical trials on this topic. Evidence Synthesis Literature evidences regarding implantation of TIND and iTIND for PBH with LUTS are limited. There are only three studies available, one with a medium-term follow-up. The results of these studies suggested that both the TIND and iTIND implantations are safe, effective, and well-tolerated procedures, allowing spare ejaculation in sexually active patients. Conclusions Current evidences emphasize that the temporary implantable nitinol devices are promising alternatives to the standard minimally invasive surgical options for BPH-related LUTS. Further studies are needed to confirm the effectiveness over a long-term follow-up.
      PubDate: 2019-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0912-6
  • The Role of Aquablation for the Surgical Treatment of LUTS/BPH
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review To explore the potential applicability of a novel, heat-free, and robotically controlled ablative therapy for surgical management of benign prostatic enlargement. Recent Findings With the emergence of new technology to provide personalized care and overcome the complications associated with options such as TURP, holmium laser enucleation of the prostate, GreenLight laser, or simple prostatectomy, Aquablation has been studied across a variety of prostate volumes. Summary The functional outcome of Aquablation seems to be uncompromised by prostate volume. The sexual profile seems superior to TURP and the risk of retrograde ejaculation is lower. The robotic system provides a reproducible ablation, independent of prostate volume, without requiring extensive training for performing the procedure. The mean ablation time in the prostate as large as 150 ml does not exceed 9.1 min, and the blood transfusion rates do not seem to be higher than open prostatectomy.
      PubDate: 2019-06-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0905-5
  • Cost Comparison of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Treatment Options
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review To provide an economic context within which to consider treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). To this end, this review provides a comparison of the costs of combination medical therapy, operative treatment, and office-based therapies for BPH from a payer perspective. Recent Findings Analysis of Medicare charges from the authors’ institution, as well as local retail costs of medication, demonstrated a wide range in costs of commonly used BPH treatments. In this study, interventions for BPH reached cost equivalence with combination medical therapy within 6 months to 8 years. Summary A myriad of options for managing men with symptomatic BPH exist. It is prudent not only to consider surgeon preference and patient-specific factors when selecting a treatment but also to understand the economic impact different BPH therapies confer.
      PubDate: 2019-06-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0907-3
  • Emerging Treatments for Erectile Dysfunction: a Review of Novel,
           Non-surgical Options
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review To review novel, non-surgical therapies for erectile dysfunction (ED). Recent Findings Recently, a landmark study identified the SIM1 locus, involved in the leptin-melanocortin pathway, as an independent risk factor for ED and a potential target for novel therapies. The recent literature otherwise has focused on low-intensity shock wave therapy (LiSWT), with several randomized trials and meta-analyses suggesting therapeutic efficacy. Summary There are few novel oral agents for ED. There is growing evidence suggesting efficacy of intracavernosal stem cells therapy and low-intensity shock wave therapy (LiSWT), although these therapies are still investigational. A better understanding of the pathophysiologic spectrum of ED will offer new opportunities for novel, non-surgical therapies for ED.
      PubDate: 2019-06-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0908-2
  • Sperm Morphology: History, Challenges, and Impact on Natural and Assisted
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review The classification of morphologically normal sperm has been progressively redefined. Concurrently, our understanding of the significance of sperm morphology in relation to male factor infertility has evolved. In this review, we will discuss the evolution of sperm morphology assessment and factors that contribute to its measurement variability. We will examine the impact of sperm morphology on natural pregnancy, IUI, IVF, and ICSI outcomes. Recent Findings There is a lack of consensus on sperm morphology classification, technique, and inter-observer grading variability. Current evidence suggests sperm morphology has low predictive value for pregnancy success, for both natural and assisted reproduction. Additionally, the threshold for what is considered an adequate percentage of morphologically normal sperm has changed over time. These variables have called into question the relevance of this variable in predicting fertility outcomes. Summary Our understanding of the impact of sperm morphology on reproductive outcomes continues to evolve and seems to play less of a role than initially thought.
      PubDate: 2019-06-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0911-7
  • Outcomes of Surgery in Peyronie’s Disease Following Intralesional
           Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Injections
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review To explore the potential hurdles surgeons may encounter when preforming surgical correction of penile curvature in patients with Peyronie’s Disease following intralesional collagenase clostridium histolyticum injections. Recent Findings Although limited data exists, retrospective analysis of surgeon experiences in surgical treatment of refractory penile curvature in patients with Peyronie’s disease appears to not result in more post-operative complications and may only slightly increase intra-operative difficulty. Summary As the use of intralesional collagenase clostridium histolyticum continues to increase and patients who demonstrate persistent curvature despite treatment seek further management, the role of investigating the feasibility of surgery demonstrates significant importance. Although limited data exists, it appears that surgery following intralesional collagenase clostridium histolyticum is safe without added post-operative complications. At the present time, however, further data on intra-operative findings and post-operative outcomes remain necessary, and as the use of this intralesional therapy continues to rise, further information should become readily available.
      PubDate: 2019-06-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0910-8
  • Malone Antegrade Continence Enemas vs. Cecostomy vs. Transanal
           Irrigation—What Is New and How Do We Counsel Our Patients'
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review No gold standard exists for managing neurogenic bowel dysfunction, specifically in individuals with spina bifida. Since the International Children’s Continence Society published its consensus document on neurogenic bowel treatment in 2012, an increased focus on why we must manage bowels and how to improve our management has occurred. This review provides updated information for clinicians. Recent Findings A surge in research, mostly retrospective, has been conducted on the success and satisfaction of three types of management for neurogenic bowel. All three management techniques have relatively high success rates for fecal continence and satisfaction rates. Selection of which treatment to carry out still is debated among clinicians. Summary Transanal irrigation is a safe and effective management option for neurogenic bowel that does not require surgery. Antegrade enemas can be carried out via cecostomy tube or Malone antegrade continence enema with similar fecal continence outcomes.
      PubDate: 2019-06-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0909-1
  • BPH: Why Do Patients Fail Medical Therapy'
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review In this article, we review why patients may fail medical therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and by doing so, gain a better understanding of the disease process and how to optimize the care of these patients. Recent Findings A growing body of literature has attempted to better characterize the various mechanisms by which patients develop BPH as well as identify predictors of disease progression and treatment failure. Summary BPH is a heterogenous disease process. A more personalized approach to treatment, including patient selection for medical or surgical management, would allow us to optimize patient care.
      PubDate: 2019-06-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0899-z
  • What’s New in Rezum: a Transurethral Water Vapour Therapy for BPH
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Rezum is a new minimally invasive treatment for benign prostate enlargement using thermal transurethral water vapour therapy. We review the evidence with advantages and disadvantages of this technique. Recent Findings There are five studies reported including a randomised control trial looking at the outcomes of Rezum. The outcomes show an IPSS reduction by 45–60%, QoL improvement with a score reduction of 37–59%, the Qmax improvement by 44–72% and the PVR reduction by 20–38%. Summary Convective water vapour therapy using the Rezum system has been shown to have successful outcomes in the treatment of LUTS resulting from BPH. The reported complications are infrequent and often minor, and it seems to be relatively cost-effective.
      PubDate: 2019-05-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0903-7
  • Traditional Biofeedback vs. Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy—Is One
           Clearly Superior'
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Pelvic floor physical therapy is a worldwide accepted therapy that has been exclusively used to manage many pelvic floor disorders in adults and children. The aim of this review is to suggest to clinicians an updated understanding of this therapeutic approach in management of children with non-neuropathic voiding dysfunction. Recent Findings Today, pelvic floor muscle training through biofeedback is widely used as a part of a voiding retraining program aiming to help children with voiding dysfunction which is caused by pelvic floor overactivity. Biofeedback on its own, without a pelvic floor training component, is not an effective treatment. Biofeedback is an adjunct to the pelvic floor training. Summary In the current review, we develop the role of pelvic floor physical therapy in management of children with non-neuropathic voiding dysfunction and compare it with biofeedback therapy alone.
      PubDate: 2019-05-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0901-9
  • Treatment Options for Calyceal Diverticula
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Calyceal diverticula are rare entities that can pose a significant challenge when it comes to their management. We analyse and summarise the literature with a focus on recent advances in the management of calyceal diverticula and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each surgical technique. Recent Findings The identification of calyceal diverticula requires a certain level of suspicion and contrast-enhanced imaging. Conventional techniques of imaging the renal collecting system such as the classic intravenous urography are now superseded by the ease of access to contrast-enhanced CT imaging. Conventional surgical techniques for managing calyceal diverticula are not being superseded by new techniques but rather being progressively enhanced and improved through the amelioration of existing technology. Debate still exists over the best treatment approach for the management of symptomatic calyceal diverticula, the choice of which still very much depends on the location and anatomy of the diverticulum itself. Summary The most significant advance in the management of calyceal diverticula and indeed stones, in general, seems to be the progressive miniaturisation of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) equipment allowing effective treatment with a reduction in associated risks of conventional PCNL. The increasing accessibility of robotics has a role to play in the management of this condition but is not likely surpass flexible ureteroscopic (fURS) or percutaneous approaches. The future of surgical management for this condition lies in striking a balance between treatment efficacy and invasiveness. More recent identification of metabolic disturbances in patients with calyceal diverticular stones may provide further insights into the underlying pathology of this condition and is likely to play a role in future research of diverticular stones.
      PubDate: 2019-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0900-x
  • Robotic Urologic Surgery in the Infant: a Review
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review The goal of this article is to review the current role of robotic urologic surgery in the infant population across a spectrum of diseases and procedures. Recent Findings Robotic urological surgery has been performed in the infant population across a variety of conditions including ureteropelvic junction obstruction, vesicoureteral reflux, and duplicated and nonfunctional renal moieties. However, most of the durable evidence showing safety and success remains in the repair of the obstructed ureteropelvic junction. Included in this review are also strategies to address the limitations imposed by the unique physiology and anatomy of the infant. Summary Robotic urologic surgery remains an alternative to other surgical approaches in the properly selected infant in the hands of experienced surgeons. As additional larger studies are performed, the utility of the robotic platform in this population will be clearer.
      PubDate: 2019-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0902-8
  • Nephrolithiasis in the Obese Patient
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review The link between metabolic syndrome (MetS)/obesity and kidney stone disease (KSD) has gained importance over recent years due to the increasing prevalence and healthcare burden worldwide. This review analyses the literature exploring the link between MetS/obesity and KSD and the impact that obesity has on KSD management. Recent Findings Metabolic syndrome has been shown to increase an individual’s risk of developing kidney stone disease, with insulin resistance forming a core component of the pathophysiology. The body habitus of an individual also influences the type of intervention that is most appropriate, with flexible ureteroscopy increasingly being the preferred option in obese patients. Summary It is important for urologists to consider the features of metabolic syndrome to effectively manage episodes of KSD in obese patients. In addition, better quality evidence is required to effectively compare different treatment options in this group of patients.
      PubDate: 2019-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0898-0
  • Implications of the Genitourinary Microbiota in Prostatic Disease
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review To summarize recent investigation into associations between the genitourinary microbiota and prostatic disease. Recent Findings The genitourinary tract is not sterile. There are microbial communities (microbiota) in each niche of the genitourinary tract including the bladder, prostate, and urethra, which have been the subject of increasing scientific interest. Investigators have utilized several unique methods to study them, resulting in a highly heterogeneous body of literature. To characterize these genitourinary microbiota, diverse clinical specimens have been analyzed, including urine obtained by various techniques, seminal fluid, expressed prostatic secretions, and prostatic tissue. Recent studies have attempted to associate the microbiota detected from these samples with urologic disease and have implicated the genitourinary microbiota in many common conditions, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostate cancer, and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). Summary In this review, we summarize the recent literature pertaining to the genitourinary microbiota and its relationship to the pathophysiology and management of three common prostatic conditions: BPH, prostate cancer, and CP/CPPS.
      PubDate: 2019-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0904-6
  • Combination Pharmacotherapy for Treatment of Overactive Bladder (OAB)
    • Abstract: Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) negatively affects the quality of life of patients and their interactions with society. Treatment of OAB starts with behavioral modification and then pharmacotherapy using monotherapy with either antimuscarinics or β3 agonists. The third-line more invasive approaches are the next treatment option currently recommended. Both antimuscarinic agents and β3 agonists work through a different molecular pathway. This brings up the potential of having an additive effect when using a combination treatment for patients with OAB. Currently, the potential for using combination therapy to treat OAB in patients who had no improvement with a monotherapy approach before we attempt a more invasive approach is being explored. Several studies have shown the benefits of combination therapy which will be an additional option to the tools to treat OAB.
      PubDate: 2019-05-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0893-5
  • Genitourinary Complications of Gender-Affirming Surgery
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Gender-affirming surgery has become a more common procedure in the last 5 years. Feminizing genitoplasty typically involves inversion of penile skin as a neovagina, urethral shortening, and glans reduction to create a neoclitoris. Masculinizing genitoplasty is more complex, typically is performed in multiple stages, and has more inherent urologic risks. Recent Findings The most common urologic complications involve voiding dysfunction, specifically meatal stenosis or fistula to the urinary tract. Urethral stricture, fistula, urinary retention, and voiding dysfunction are very common and require early recognition and intervention. This includes placement of catheter drainage, if necessary with the appropriate urologic instrumentation. Genital risks relating to phallus health are rare, but risks associated with placement of penile prosthesis for sexual function are common and require immediate attention. Summary Urological complications after gender-affirming surgery are common, and the general urologist and urogynecologist should be able to identify and treat problems in this population after review of this chapter.
      PubDate: 2019-04-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0894-4
  • The Use of Tissue Flaps in the Management of Urinary Tract Fistulas
    • Abstract: Urinary tract fistulas represent a complex group of pathologies that present significant management challenges. While most such fistulas ultimately require definitive surgical management, compromised local tissue quality or other factors often render straightforward simple one layered closure challenging with a substantial risk of failure. Interpositional tissue flaps have become a mainstay of treatment in these circumstances, enabling the delivery of healthy tissue from other locations to the site of pathology. Herein, we present an overview of the assessment and management of complex urinary tract fistulas involving the reproductive and gastrointestinal organs, and the decision to utilize flaps. We review the underlying principles of tissue flaps and classify different types of flaps. We conclude with a discussion of the indications, advantages, disadvantages, and harvesting techniques for the most commonly utilized flaps in urinary tract fistula repair.
      PubDate: 2019-04-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0892-6
  • Historical and Current Practices in the Management of Fossa Navicularis
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Fossa navicularis strictures represent a surgically challenging disease process that requires detailed preoperative planning and an understanding of each patient’s goals in order to achieve a satisfactory long-term outcome. This review summarizes the various approaches used in the management of fossa navicularis strictures over the past several decades. Recent Findings In addition to existing evidence to support open flap- and graft-based reconstruction, recent studies suggest a potential role for limited open repair via a transurethral approach. Summary Open repair of fossa navicularis strictures has become the standard of care with high success rates using local skin flaps or tissue grafts. There remains a very limited role for minimally invasive techniques in definitive management of this disease.
      PubDate: 2019-04-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0897-1
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Heriot-Watt University
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