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UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 159 of 159 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Current Opinion in Urology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.949
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 12  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0963-0643 - ISSN (Online) 1473-6586
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [301 journals]
  • Editorial introductions
    • Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Editorial: Salvage therapy in uro-oncology
    • Authors: Heidenreich; Axel; Karnes, R. Jeffrey
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • The current landscape of salvage therapies for patients with bacillus
           Calmette-Guérin unresponsive nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer
    • Authors: Packiam; Vignesh T.; Richards, Jordan; Schmautz, Maximilian; Heidenreich, Axel; Boorjian, Stephen A.
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review Although radical cystectomy represents the gold standard treatment for patients with high-risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) whose disease does not respond to bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), many patients are unable or unwilling to undergo surgery. The need remains for effective bladder-preserving therapies. This review aims to describe existing treatments, contemporary research in this field and ongoing trials of salvage therapies for patients with BCG-unresponsive NMIBC.Recent findings Intravesical chemotherapy has been utilized frequently in this setting. Emerging data on combination regimens such as intravesical gemcitabine and docetaxel and intravesical cabazitaxel, gemcitabine and cisplatin are promising; nevertheless, larger, prospective trials are needed. Meanwhile, the intravenous checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab was recently FDA-approved for patients BCG-unresponsive NMIBC. Encouraging clinical trial results for intravesical nadofaragene firadenovec, oportuzumab monatox and ALT-803 + BCG have been released, while data from trials of other treatment strategies, including novel chemotherapy and drug delivery, augmented BCG immunotherapy, adenoviral and gene therapy, targeted therapy, and combination systemic immunotherapy with intravesical agents, are eagerly awaited.Summary Several novel salvage therapies offer promise for patients with BCG-unresponsive NMIBC. Patient selection, efficacy, safety, cost and ease of administration must be carefully considered to determine the optimal treatment approach.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Salvage ablation for locally recurrent prostate cancer
    • Authors: Lomas; Derek J.; Woodrum, David A.; Mynderse, Lance A.
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review This review aims to summarize the latest evidence for the use of salvage ablation of localized prostate cancer recurrences after primary therapy radiotherapy or prostatectomy.Recent findings Savage ablation represents a treatment option in select patients with localized recurrences following primary therapy of prostate cancer. Following radiotherapy, salvage cryotherapy and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) demonstrate encouraging oncologic outcomes. Biochemical recurrence-free survival ranged from 71% at 2 years to 44.2% at 10 years for cryotherapy and from 51% at 5 years to 28.7% at 10 years for HIFU. Rates of adverse effects appear to be more favorable with ablation compared to salvage surgery. Focal salvage ablation may offer a further balance between oncologic control and adverse effects. Following radical prostatectomy, recent data on the use of salvage ablation of local recurrences are less robust with only a few small studies published in the last 2 years.Summary Salvage ablation is an option for localized disease recurrences following primary treatment. Its role is most established for postradiation recurrence. It can also be utilized in postprostatectomy recurrence, although published data is more limited. Future studies are needed to further explore the role of ablation in both cohorts.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Salvage radical prostatectomy after local radiotherapy in prostate cancer
    • Authors: Pfister; David; Kokx, Ruud; Hartmann, Florian; Heidenreich, Axel
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review Salvage surgeries are rarely offered and performed in prostate cancer except for isolated lymph node metastases. Meanwhile, data are sufficient that salvage radical prostatectomy is recommended by the guidelines. In the following review, we focus on different treatment strategies comparing open and DaVinci laparoscopic approach with regard to functional and oncologic outcome. Of further interest are palliative surgeries.Recent findings Salvage radical prostatectomy is mainly performed in high volume centres. Data are increasing on minimal invasive surgery, although data on functional outcome are conflicting. As patients with prostate cancer have longer life expectancy even in metastasized disease, the possibility of developing symptomatic progression increases as well. We need to be aware that the confrontation with symptomatic prostate cancer patients will be more frequent in the future and that there are surgical approaches to palliate these patients sufficiently.Summary Data on minimal invasive salvage radical prostatectomy are getting more valid and are an option in experienced centres. Salvage radical prostatectomy is a definitive curative option for the patients. To avoid local progression, palliative local surgeries need to be discussed with the patients.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Oligometastatic prostatic cancer recurrence: role of salvage lymph node
           dissection (sLND) and radiation therapy-stereotactic body radiation
           therapy (RT-SBRT)
    • Authors: Ahmed; Mohamed E.; Phillips, Ryan M.; Sharma, Vidit; Davis, Brian J.; Karnes, R. Jeffrey
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review Metastases directed therapy (MDT) is an increasingly utilized modality in patients with oligometastatic prostate cancer (OMPC) recurrence. The purpose of our review is to discuss the recent literature on the safety and oncologic outcomes of this treatment approach.Recent findings Metastases directed therapy, in particular, stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and salvage lymph node dissection (sLND), has shown promising efficacy in patients with OMPC. Many case series report favorable outcomes with MDT as compared to hormonal deprivation therapy alone or surveillance. Of the few case series investigating the use of MDT as part of a multimodality approach in castrate-resistant OMPC, more favorable outcomes in comparison to the use of systemic treatment alone are reported.Summary With the recent advances in imaging techniques, particularly molecular imaging, management of OMPC has progressed rapidly in the last few years. The feasibility and benefits of MDT in OMPC have been demonstrated in prospective and retrospective series. Further prospective studies investigating the role of MDT to define optimal patient subgroups and management strategies are warranted.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Salvage management of patients with relapsing testicular germ cell tumors
    • Authors: Heidenreich; Axel; Pfister, David; Paffenholz, Pia
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review This review aims to summarize the latest evidence of medical and surgical treatment options for patients with relapsing testicular germ cell tumors.Recent findings Depending on International Germ Cell Cancer Classification Group risk classification 10–50% of patients with metastatic TGCT develop relapse which needs further multimodality treatment. With regard to therapy, early relapses are stratified according to their prognostic risk profile which results in a 3-year overall survival between 6% in the very high to 77% in the very low risk group. Prognostic risk score dictates systemic therapy which might be second line chemotherapy (TIP, PEI) or high dose chemotherapy. Any residual masses following salvage chemotherapy need to be completely resected due the presence of viable cancer and/or teratoma in more than 50% of cases. Targeted therapy in men with druggable mutations is for individualized cases only. Patients with late relapses developing more than 2 years after first-line chemotherapy are best managed by surgery. Desperation surgery is reserved for those patients with rising markers during or immediately after chemotherapy and good risk factors such as rising alpha-fetoprotein,
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Salvage therapy for localized recurrences of penile cancer
    • Authors: Saidian; Ava; Ceballos, Brian; Necchi, Andrea; Baumgarten, Adam S.; Spiess, Philippe E.
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review To review the current literature and guidelines regarding salvage therapy for local and regional recurrence of primary penile cancer.Recent findings While invasive surgical management has not significantly changed, penile sparing treatments (PSTs) may have a promising role in the management of local recurrence. Penile sparing surgeries do appear to have higher rates of recurrence. However, the overall survival rate is comparable to that of partial and total penectomies. Additionally, a combination of therapies may have a more profound effect on management of penile cancer.Summary Clinicians must discuss the role of each type of therapy for penile cancer with their patients, and tailor their management to the extent of disease in each patient. While it is important to discuss the balance between quality of life and rates of relapse, one must also emphasize the rates of overall survival in patients with local recurrence who are treated with PSTs.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Surgical intervention in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder
           and lymph node metastasis
    • Authors: Abufaraj; Mohammad; Al-Ani, Abdallah; AlQudah, Alex; Shariat, Shahrokh F.
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review To systematically review the most recent evidence on the role of surgery in patients with urothelial carcinoma of bladder and lymph node metastasis.Recent findings Patients with urothelial carcinoma of bladder and lymph node metastasis have a poor prognosis. The mainstay treatment for these patients is systemic chemotherapy. However, slowly growing body of literature suggests that multimodal therapy comprised of radical cystectomy, lymph node dissection, and perioperative chemotherapy is more effective than either chemotherapy or surgery alone. The timing of chemotherapy, whether preoperative or adjuvant chemotherapy, is still controversial, but the current evidence indicates that patients who achieve a major or complete response after induction chemotherapy appear to benefit from the surgical intervention in the form of radical cystectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection. The limit of lymph node dissection has to be determined.Summary Multimodal therapy is associated with better survival outcomes in bladder cancer patients with lymph node metastasis. The current guidelines recommend systemic chemotherapy as the mainstay of treatment for these patients, and there is no convincing evidence on the efficacy of surgical intervention in isolation. Nonetheless, studies comparing multiple treatment modalities demonstrated that surgical salvage therapy is beneficial only when combined with chemotherapy. The methodological limitations of the current literature preclude a robust conclusion of survival advantage. Further studies are needed to help improve imaging for detecting lymph node metastasis and novel strategies to enrich our multimodal therapeutic implementation.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Editorial: Standard and future in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma
    • Authors: Bedke; Jens; Bex, Axel; Schmidinger, Manuela
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Renal cell carcinoma pathology in 2021: ‘new need for renal cancer
           immune profiling’
    • Authors: Sobottka; Bettina; Lorch, Anja; Silina, Karina; van den Broek, Maries; Moch, Holger
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review The aim of this review is to outline characteristics of the renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tumor immune microenvironment (TIME), the potential impact of tumor intrinsic alterations on the TIME and the value of metastatic tissue assessment in this context.Recent findings According to the latest European Association of Urology, European Society for Medical Oncology and National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines immune checkpoint inhibition represents a new core treatment strategy in advanced clear cell RCC (ccRCC). Despite its success, the prognosis of many RCC patients remains unsatisfactory most likely because of resistance mechanisms within the TIME. Moreover, most studies assess the primary tumor even though the advanced metastatic disease is targeted. Overall, metastatic RCC has hardly been investigated. First insights into the complexity of the genomic and immune landscape in RCC were recently provided. The functional impact of tumor intrinsic alterations on the TIME has just been described potentially contributing to therapy response in RCC.Summary The complexity of the RCC TIME and its potential interdependence with tumor intrinsic alterations has only just been recognized. A deeper understanding of the TIME may reveal predictive and prognostic biomarkers long-awaited in RCC, improve RCC patient stratification and could possibly be most instructive if assessed in metastatic tissue.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Individualizing renal cell carcinoma treatment through biomarkers
           discovery in the era of immune checkpoint inhibitors: where do we
    • Authors: Porta; Camillo; Cosmai, Laura; Rizzo, Mimma
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review The treatment landscape of metastatic renal cell carcinoma has greatly evolved over the past fifteen years, leading to a significant improvement in the outcome of our patients. However, there is still an urgent need for predictive biomarkers that could guide our treatment selection, especially in the present era of immune-based treatments.Recent findings A number of putative biomarkers of immunotherapy activity have been proposed over the past few years, including PD-L1 immunohistochemical expression, tumor mutational burden, neoantigens load, insertions and deletions, complex gene signatures, as well as lymphocytic subpopulations (either circulating or tumor-infiltrating). However, despite preliminary intriguing findings, no biomarker for immune checkpoint activity has emerged so far, that could be used in everyday clinical practice, mainly due to preliminary, or frankly, conflicting results.Summary The quest for an ‘ideal’ biomarker, which should be characterized by adequate specificity, sensibility, predictive (and not just prognostic) value, robustness, reproducibility, ease of evaluation and low cost, is still ongoing.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Metastatic nonclear renal cell carcinoma current review in evolving
           treatment strategies
    • Authors: Suárez; Cristina; Díaz-Mejía, Nely; Morales-Barrera, Rafael; González, Macarena; Mateo, Joaquin; Carles, Joan
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the 6th most often diagnosed cancer in men and the 10th in women. Nearly 75% of the renal cancer cases are clear cell histologic subtype, whereas nonclear cell histologies represent the remaining 25%. Treatment options for clear renal type are well established. However, as nonclear RCC represents a heterogenous and less frequent group. Current treatment options for these tumors are limited and mostly based on evidence derived from small phase II clinical trials. The present review aims to provide an update of the available treatment options for nonclear RCC.Recent findings In the past decade, the vascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, sunitinib, and mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, everolimus, and temsirolimus, have demonstrated limited efficacy in nonclear RCC. Recent studies with MET inhibitors and immunotherapy-based combinations have proven promising activity, especially in certain subgroups of patients, such as patients with MET-driven disease or patients with sarcomatoid features RCC.Summary Here, we report currently available data about biology and treatment of nonclear cell RCC.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Targeted PET/CT imaging for clear cell renal cell carcinoma with
           radiolabeled antibodies: recent developments using girentuximab
    • Authors: van Oostenbrugge; Tim; Mulders, Peter
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review Conventional imaging is unable to differentiate clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) from other more indolent and benign renal tumors. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) using radiolabeled antibodies may aid in detecting both localized and metastatic ccRCC. The purpose of this review is to summarize recent literature regarding the use of radiolabeled antibodies for imaging of ccRCC.Recent findings Two recent studies evaluated the use of radiolabeled anticarbonic anhydrase IX antibody girentuximab for the imaging of ccRCC. PET/CT with 89zirconium-labeled girentuximab (89Zr-girentuximab PET/CT) was used to guide clinical decision making in 16 patients with localized disease. It had a high specificity for detecting ccRCC with 6/6 resected lesions with uptake proven to be ccRCC, all lesion without uptake showed to be indolent during follow-up. Clinical management was changed in 36% (5/14) of patients with the metastatic disease based on outcomes of the scan. Furthermore, in 42 patients 89Zr-girentuximab PET/CT combined with CT outperformed CT alone or combined with 18F fludeoxyglucose PET for detection of metastasis.Summary 89Zr-girentuximab PET/CT has the ability to diagnose ccRCC in localized disease. In metastatic disease, it enables the differentiation of ccRCC from non-ccRCC cancers and the evaluation of disease extent. 89Zr-girentuximab PET/CT diagnostic accuracy is currently evaluated in a multicenter phase III trial.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • How to improve outcome in nephron-sparing surgery: the impact of new
    • Authors: Cignoli; Daniele; Fallara, Giuseppe; Larcher, Alessandro; Rosiello, Giuseppe; Montorsi, Francesco; Capitanio, Umberto
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review Nephron-sparing partial nephrectomy is the state of the art for localized small renal mass and it is gaining attention also for more advanced cases. In the present narrative review, we discuss the new developments that have occurred in the advancement of this approach over the past few years.Recent findings Off-clamp, selective/superselective clamp and early-unclamping techniques are safe and feasible approaches, with potentially superior functional outcomes, and noninferior complications rate and oncological outcomes, when compared with main artery clamping. Renorrhaphy must preserve the physiological vascularization of residual parenchyma. Running sutures, particularly using barbed wires, shorten the operating and ischemia times. A further advantage could derive from avoiding a double-layer suture. Transperitoneal robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) and retroperitoneal RAPN can be considered equivalent in terms of perioperative morbidity, functional and oncologic outcomes, regardless of tumor's location, thus the choice of the approach should be driven by the surgeon's expertise. Future improvements should be introduced by the single-port robotic surgery, which seems to be safe and feasibly also in an off-clamp manner.Summary Significant advances have recently been achieved in nephron-sparing surgery technique. However, future studies with standardized reporting of these new techniques are needed to assess the real impact of them on early and long-term functional outcomes.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Perioperative therapy in renal cancer in the era of immune checkpoint
           inhibitor therapy
    • Authors: Kuusk; Teele; Abu-Ghanem, Yasmin; Mumtaz, Faiz; Powles, Thomas; Bex, Axel
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) combination therapy has revolutionized therapy of metastatic renal cancer. The success of immunotherapy has renewed an interest to study these agents in adjuvant and neoadjuvant settings and prior to cytoreductive nephrectomy. This narrative review will give an overview of ongoing trials and early translational research outcomes.Recent findings In nonmetastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), five phase 3 adjuvant and neoadjuvant trials with ICI monotherapy or combinations are ongoing with atezolizumab (IMmotion 010; NCT03024996), pembrolizumab (KEYNOTE-564; NCT03142334), nivolumab (PROSPER; NCT03055013), nivolumab with or without ipilimumab (CheckMate 914; NCT03138512) and durvalumab with or without tremelimumab (RAMPART; NCT03288532). Phase 1b/2 neoadjuvant trials demonstrate safety, efficacy and dynamic changes of immune infiltrates and provide rationales for neoadjuvant trial concepts as well as prediction of response to therapy. In primary metastatic RCC, two phase 3 trials investigate the role of deferred cytoreductive nephrectomy following pretreatment with ICI combination (NORDICSUN; NCT03977571 and PROBE; NCT04510597).Summary The outcomes of the major phase 3 trials are awaited as early as 2023. Meanwhile, translational data from phase 1b/2 studies enhance our understanding of the tumour immune microenvironment and its dynamic changes.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Dual immune check point blockade or immune check point-tyrosine kinase
           inhibitor combination: as a first-line treatment in metastatic renal cell
    • Authors: Schmidinger; Manuela; Resch, Irene; Fajkovic, Harun; Remzi, Mesut; Shariat, Shahrokh F.; Bedke, Jens
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review To discuss treatment decisions in the first-line setting of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC).Recent findings Immune check point inhibitor (ICI) combinations have replaced sunitinib as the standard of care in the first-line treatment of mRCC. Dual ICI treatment with nivolumab and ipilimumab was shown to significantly improve overall survival and objective response rates. Similarly, the ICI–tyrosine kinase inhibitor combinations pembrolizumab and axitinib and nivolumab and cabozantinib have demonstrated superiority in terms of overall survival, objective response rates and progression-free survival versus sunitinib. The lack of both comparative trials and predictive markers impedes individualized treatment decisions. Clinicians are left to make treatment choices based on clinical and biological factors. These factors may include differences in toxicity profiles, the rate of complete remission, a clinical situation that requires urgent tumor shrinkage, the presence of inflammation, histological or immune-histochemical features and others.Summary In the absence of comparative trials, clinical and biological factors may facilitate the choice between various treatment options in the first-line setting of mRCC. In addition, both the experience of the physician with a specific treatment together with patient's preferences and expectations of systemic therapy may be part of the decision-making process.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
  • What is next in second- and later-line treatment of metastatic renal cell
           carcinoma' review of the recent literature
    • Authors: Mori; Keiichiro; Schmidinger, Manuela; Quhal, Fahad; Egawa, Shin; Shariat, Shahrokh F.; Grünwald, Viktor
      Abstract: imagePurpose of review The current treatment landscape of metastatic renal cell carcinoma has changed dramatically from the dominance of single-agent tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy to immune-checkpoint inhibitor (ICI)-based combinations in recent years. However, the optimal subsequent therapy remains ill-defined owing to the novelty of this approach.Recent findings Treatment with TKIs after failure of single or dual ICI therapies may result in robust clinical efficacy. Nonetheless, there is a trend toward lower efficacy of TKIs after previous ICI–TKI combination therapy. Currently, tivozanib is the only drug whose third- and later-line use after failure of TKI and ICI is supported by evidence, with significantly longer progression-free survival and higher objective response rates than sorafenib. Data from retrospective studies highlight the safety and clinical activity of ICI rechallenge.Summary Overall, the level of evidence remains low. Treatment after failure of dual ICI therapy is not well defined and may consist of any available TKI. Although first-line use of TKI is less common, strong evidence suggests cabozantinib or nivolumab as standard options in that setting. The recommendations after first-line TKI–ICI therapy failure mirror this recommendation, although the data are less robust.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT-
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