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UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (151 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 144 of 144 Journals sorted alphabetically
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Pediatric Nephrology Association     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access  
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Hellenic Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access  
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access  
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Nefrología     Open Access  
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Paediatric Nephrology Journal of Bangladesh     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access  
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Translational Research in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Urine     Open Access  
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal  
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access  
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Canadian Urological Association Journal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.626
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1911-6470 - ISSN (Online) 1920-1214
Published by Canadian Urological Association Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO)

    • Authors: Editor CUAJ
      PubDate: 2022-09-08
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • 2022 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO): Meeting highlights

    • Authors: Peter C. Black, Nazanin Fallah-Rad, Andrew Loblaw, Elie Kassouf, Mira Keyes, Naveen S. Basappa, Anand Swaminath
      Pages: 504
      PubDate: 2022-08-29
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.8097
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • Testicular cancer guideline stage I seminoma figure (Appendix)

    • Authors: Editor CUAJ
      PubDate: 2022-08-29
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.8098
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • Women’s College Hospital, University of Toronto

    • Authors: Editor CUAJ
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • Systematic review of interventions that improve provider compliance to
           imaging guidelines for prostate cancer

    • Authors: Samuel M. Pettit, David Mikhail, Michael Feuerstein
      Pages: 5
      Abstract: Introduction: Radiographic staging with bone scan or computed tomography is not indicated for men with low-risk prostate cancer. Physician compliance with these imaging recommendations has been widely variable, leading to inappropriate testing and increased costs. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and learn from interventions associated with improved physician compliance to imaging guidelines for prostate cancer staging. Methods: This systematic review followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. PubMed was searched through January 2022 for the following medical subject headings (MeSH) terms: (‘practice patterns, physicians’ or ‘guideline adherence’ or ‘unnecessary procedures’ or ‘quality improvement’) and (‘prostatic neoplasms/diagnostic imaging’). Inclusion required discussion of an intervention for physician compliance to prostate cancer imaging guidelines and specific data describing associated outcomes. Publications focused on other malignancies or without this intervention, evaluation, or data were excluded. Results: Of 82 papers screened, only five met inclusion criteria — representing 12 802 patients. Each focused on reducing unnecessary imaging and demonstrated statistically significant post-intervention improvement of physician compliance to imaging guidelines for staging prostate cancer. Four were multidimensional, with education, clinical champions, and performance feedback. One used the unidimensional intervention of an electronic medical record (EMR)-based clinical reminder order check (CROC). No studies used randomization or a control group. Conclusions: Post-intervention improvement in physician compliance to imaging guidelines for staging prostate cancer has been associated with EMR-based CROC and combination interventions using clinical champions, education, and feedback. This has been observed at individual institutions and larger organizations spanning a region or state.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.7638
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • The healthy urinary microbiome in asymptomatic participants in the MAPP
           Network Study: Relation to gender, age, and menopausal status

    • Authors: J. Curtis Nickel, Alisa Stephens, A. Lenore Ackerman, Jennifer T. Anger , Henry H. Lai, Garth D. Ehrlich
      Pages: 54
      Abstract: Introduction: To understand the role of the urinary microbiome in disease states and interpret non-culture-based diagnostic urine testing of midstream urine specimens, we must have a better understanding of the urinary microbiome in asymptomatic, healthy individuals. We examined the impact of gender, age, and menopausal status on the healthy human urinary microbiome in asymptomatic control subjects enrolled in the multi-institution National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Chronic Pelvic Pain Network (MAPP) study. Methods: Asymptomatic, healthy controls, recruited to be age- and sex-matched to patients in the Trans-MAPP Epidemiology and Phenotyping Study, provided midstream urine collection for polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry identification of urinary microbiota. The microbiomes of male and female participants were described and analyzed for differences in composition and diversity at the species and genus level by sex, age, and, in females, by menopausal status. Results: Sixty-six total species were detected with a mean of 1.2 species (standard deviation [SD] 1.1) per male (n=97; mean age=43) and 2.3 (SD 1.3) per female (n=110, mean age=38) in asymptomatic, healthy controls. Species and genera diversity analyses showed significantly greater richness and diversity in females. With regard to species, Bifidobacterium subtile, Lactobacillus crispatus, and Lactobacillus johnsonii were more predominant in females. The genera Bifidobacterium, Staphylococcus, Lactobacillus, and Corynebacterium were more predominant in females, while for males the most prevalent organisms included Staphylococcus and Propionibacterium; only Propionibacterium approached a significant difference between genders. No significant difference in the presence and/or diversity of micro-organisms with menopausal status could be observed. Sex-specific age trends, particularly diversity, were larger for females than males. Conclusions: These results suggest the urinary microbiome of healthy, asymptomatic subjects differed between genders and age in females, but not menopausal status. Gender differences may be attributable to the detection of urethral/vaginal organisms in females and prostate organisms in males. These findings will better allow us to interpret the results of microbiome reports in the midstream urine specimens of patients with urinary symptoms.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.7775
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • Urodynamic findings in patients with nocturia and their associations with
           patient characteristics

    • Authors: Garson Chan, Liang G. Qu, Johan Gani
      Pages: 60
      Abstract: Introduction: This study identified associations between lower urinary tract pathology confirmed on urodynamic testing, baseline characteristics, and symptoms for adults with nocturia. Nocturia frequency was examined for predictors. Methods: This retrospective study from 2012–2019 analyzed adult patients with nocturia (waking to void ≥2x/night) referred for urodynamic testing (UDS). Data on baseline characteristics, symptoms, UDS parameters, and lower urinary tract pathology were recorded. Males and females were analyzed separately, and univariable analyses were conducted, stratified by lower urinary tract pathology. Multivariable regression models were fit. Nocturia frequency was analyzed for associations with clinical parameters. Results: Altogether, 372 patients were included (159 men and 213 women). More men had detrusor overactivity (DO) (p<0.001) and bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) (p<0.001). DO was associated with storage symptoms (odds ratio [OR] 5.19, p<0.001), in addition to older age (p=0.009) and being male (p<0.001). Detrusor underactivity (DU) was associated with voiding symptoms (OR 1.92, p=0.004), older age (p<0.001), and being female (p=0.018). BOO was associated voiding symptoms (OR 2.09, p=0.023), younger age (p=0.018), and being male (p<0.001). The quantity of lower urinary tract symptoms was associated with DU and DO. Nocturia frequency was not associated with baseline variables or underlying pathologies. A substantial number of patients were diagnosed with DU alone (n=69, 18.7%) or associated with other diagnoses (n=108, 29.3%). Conclusions: Careful assessment of risk factors and symptoms may help identify underlying lower urinary tract pathology for adults with nocturia. DU is found in a significant proportion of patients with nocturia, a previously under-reported result.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.7792
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • Ureteroscopy under conscious sedation: A proof-of-concept study

    • Authors: Kunal Jain, Ruben Blachman-Braun, Esha Jain, Amanda Eng, Brian Peters, Premal Patel
      Pages: 7
      Abstract: Introduction: Ureteroscopy (URS) is commonly performed under general anesthesia (GA) to maximize patient tolerability and minimize surgical complications; however, given the improvements in endoscopic technology and risks associated with GA, alternate forms of anesthesia have been postulated. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of URS under conscious sedation. Methods: We completed a retrospective cohort study from November 2019 to June 2020 at a tertiary-level hospital. All URSs that were performed under urologist-directed conscious sedation were included. Our primary outcome was the ability to complete URS, defined as success rate. Secondary outcomes included: stone-free rate, intraoperative complication rate, hospital admission rate, and sedation requirement. Univariate- and multivariate-adjusted logistic regression analyses were employed. Results: Ninety-nine URSs were included. Most (73/99, 73.7%) were performed for urolithiasis. The overall success rate was 83.8% (83/99), with 81.0% (34/42) intra-renal and 70.0% (16/23) proximal ureter success rates. The stone-free rate was 80.8% (59/73). No intraoperative complications nor hospital admissions were reported. The mean amount of sedation required was 3 mg (interquartile range [IQR] 2–4] of midazolam and 100 μg (100–150) of fentanyl. On multivariate analysis, midazolam was significantly associated with increased success (odds ratio 2.496, 95% confidence interval 1.057–5.892, p=0.037). Conclusions: We have shown that proximal and intrarenal URS under conscious sedation is safe and effective. We were limited by our lack of followup, small sample size, selection bias to chose healthy patients, and lack of patient tolerability data. Patients and healthcare systems may benefit from implementing this innovation more broadly.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.7750
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • French version of the short form of the Neurogenic Bladder Symptom Score:
           Cross-cultural adaptation and validation

    • Authors: Sara Berradja, Nicolas Turmel, Claire Hentzen, Rebecca Haddad, Gabriel Miget, Matthieu Grasland, Camille Chesnel, Geneviève Nadeau, Gerard Amarenco
      Pages: 72
      Abstract: Introduction: This study aimed to empirically validate a French version of the Neurogenic Bladder Symptoms Score-Short From (NBSS-SF), a psychometric multidimensional tool to assess lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) for patients with a neurological condition. Methods: One hundred and five participants with multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injury prospectively completed the questionnaire at baseline and 7–14 days later. The α coefficient of Cronbach (internal consistency) and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (test-retest reliability) were calculated. Results: The internal consistency for the overall questionnaire was high (Cronbach’s α coefficients from 0.79), while coefficients for each subscale were variable (urinary incontinence 0.91; storage and voiding 0.69; consequences 0.25). For test-retest reliability, 88/105 (84%) patients filled and sent back their questionnaire 10 days (±3.6 days) after baseline version. ICC was 0.90 for the total score and was 0.73 for the urinary incontinence subdomain, 0.79 for storage and voiding, and 0.75 for consequences. Conclusions: The psychometric qualities of the French version of the NBSS-SF are well-supported, thus providing a valid tool to measure bladder symptoms across three different domains in patients with neurogenic bladder.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.7709
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • Where to draw the line' Understanding preferences in mucosal collar
           length after circumcision: A crowdsourced survey from the U.S. general

    • Authors: Michael Callegari, Wade Muncey, Tyler Kim, Stephen Rhodes, Lynn Woo, Jessica Hannick
      Pages: 8
      Abstract: Introduction: Male circumcision is a polarizing and prevalent procedure. Little understanding exists regarding patient preferences for circumcision appearance. Our objective was to elicit how mucosal collar length may be perceived in terms of overall cosmesis and desirability among adults. Methods: A questionnaire using REDCap was created and distributed through Amazon Mechanical Turk. Respondents provided demographic information and circumcision status before being challenged with artistic representations of circumcised penises with increasing lengths of mucosal collar. Participants were asked to select the most and least esthetically pleasing image, as well as rate the “importance of appearance” from 0–100. Responses were analyzed with ordinal regression models. Results: Preference for shorter mucosal collars were seen in respondents with a postgraduate education (p=0.013) and no religious affiliation (p=0.034). In contrast, participants reporting a religious affiliation preferred longer mucosal collars (p=0.034). Circumcised males rated appearance as being more important (p=0.001) in contrast to uncircumcised males who did not (p=0.001). Circumcised fathers were more likely to circumcise their sons relative to uncircumcised fathers (p<0.05) and women preferred circumcision (p<0.05). Conclusions: Our study revealed polarized esthetic preferences in the sample as a whole, with large proportions of respondents selecting the longest or shortest collar length. Preferences regarding mucosal collar length appear to be most influenced by education and religion. Overall, our study did not observe a predominant preference for mucosal collar length following circumcision. Surgeons should engage patients and/or caregivers/parents preoperatively in discussions regarding preferences and desired cosmetic outcomes.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.7691
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • Do ureteral stent diameter and length or patient demographics play a role
           in stent encrustation'

    • Authors: Zachary M. Connelly, Haley Pilet, Charles D. Rees, Coleman McFerrin, Ahmad Azzawe, Mohamed E. Ahmed, Nazih Khater
      Pages: 83
      Abstract: Introduction: Retained ureteral stents may constitute a technical challenge. The purpose of this study was to analyze the patient population with retained ureteral stents with regards to stent sizes to better understand if these factors could play a pivotal role in their encrustation. Methods: After institutional review board approval, we retrospectively analyzed the data of patients who underwent multimodal surgical procedures for the removal of retained ureteral stents from 2010–2018. The primary outcomes analyzed were ureteral stent length and diameter, location of stent placement, and patients’ demographics as potential etiologies for encrustation. Results: We included 30 patients with 32 encrusted ureteral stents and 37 patients with 46 forgotten non-retained ureteral stents. Indications for stenting included urolithiasis, malignancy, pregnancy, ureteral stricture, and ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Stent diameters ranged from 6–8.5 Fr. Stent lengths ranged from 22–30 cm, and multilength stents were used too. Smaller diameter stents were less likely to be retained when compared to larger diameter stents (>6 Fr) (p=0.002). Overall stent length was not found to be significant (p=0.251); however, the difference in stent surface area differed by over 1 cm (p<0.001). Patients who were uninsured were more likely to have retained stents (p=0.003). Patients who reside with longer commuting distance to the main academic medical center were more likely to have retained stents (p=0.010). Conclusions: Retained ureteral stents could be avoided. Taking into consideration ureteral anatomical variation among patients, smaller diameter stents and smaller surface area may prevent encrustation. Uninsured patients with farther distance to seek medical care and females are the most at risk.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.7815
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • Accuracy of molecular diagnostic techniques in patients with a confirmed
           urine culture: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    • Authors: Ximena Guzmán Robledo , Karla Valeria Orejuela Arcila, Sergio Hernando Mina Riascos, Herney Andrés García-Perdomo
      Pages: 9
      Abstract: Introduction: We aimed to identify the molecular diagnostic techniques available for urinary tract infection (UTI) diagnosis and their accuracy compared to traditional urinary culture. Methods: A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE (OVID), EMBASE, LILACS, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL). The populations were adult and pediatric patients with confirmed UTI by reference standard urine culture. The index test for the diagnosis of UTI was any molecular diagnostic technique. The primary outcome was the diagnosis of UTI with measures of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV, respectively), positive likelihood ratio (LR+), negative likelihood ratio (LR–), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and area under the curve (AUC). The operative characteristics were determined, and a meta-analysis was performed. The evaluation of each included study was performed with the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2) tool. Results: We identified 1230 studies with the search strategies. Ultimately, 13 studies met the inclusion criteria for qualitative analysis, and seven were included for the meta-analysis. Four molecular techniques were identified; however, it was only possible to synthesize the information from two of them. In multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) meta-analysis, overall sensitivity was 0.80 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.73–0.86) and specificity was 0.83 (95% CI 0.52–0.95). For the DOR, the overall result was 21 (95% CI 4.8–95). For reverse transcription (RT)-PCR, sensitivity was 0.94 (95% CI 0.73–0.99) and specificity was 0.59 (95% CI 0.063–0.96). For the DOR, the overall result was 23 (95% CI 1.1–467). Conclusions: Multiplex PCR and RT-PCR are molecular techniques that might be comparable to standard urine culture for UTI diagnosis. Refinement of these new diagnostic tools will avoid unnecessary antimicrobial therapy and the consequent development of drug-resistant resistant pathogens, as well as improve the ability to identify patients at risk and prevent or minimize sequelae derived from the infection.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.7677
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
  • Case – Intra-abdominal metastases following ventriculoperitoneal shunt
           insertion for primary intracranial germ cell tumor

    • Authors: Kristen McAlpine, Roderick Clark, Maria Jiang, Aaron Hansen, Otto Hemminki, Robert J. Hamilton
      Pages: 8
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.7895
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2022)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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