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UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (151 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 144 of 144 Journals sorted alphabetically
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Pediatric Nephrology Association     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access  
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal  
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Hellenic Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access  
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access  
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Nefrología     Open Access  
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Paediatric Nephrology Journal of Bangladesh     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access  
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Translational Research in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Urine     Open Access  
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal  
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access  
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Bangladesh Journal of Urology
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2304-8522 - ISSN (Online) 2304-8522
Published by Bangladesh Journals Online Homepage  [88 journals]
  • Prospect of Cadaveric Transplantation in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Md Habibur Rahman Dulal
      Pages: 112 - 112
      Abstract: Abstract Not Available Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.112
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • One Shot Dilatation (OSD) in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) - A Safe
           and Feasible Technique

    • Authors: Abdul Matin Anamur Rashid Choudhury, Tohid Mohammad Saiful Hossain, Tasmina Parveen
      Pages: 114 - 117
      Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of one-shot dilation (OSD) in standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Methods: This is a prospective, single -center study conducted between January 2017 to June 2019. Patients who underwent PCNL using one shot dilatation (21 – 24 Fr) for access in PCNL were included in the study. Access time, fluoroscopy time, successful dilation time, stone free rate, decrease hemoglobin level and transfusion rate, complication rate, length of post operative hospital stay, cost were recorded. Data was analyzed and reported using summary statistics. Results: A total of 30 patients were enrolled in this survey. 30 patients in one shot dilation (OSD) group.The mean age was 39.5 years. Control group of 30 patients were included in standard PCNL procedure where method of tract dilation was done by regid Amplatz dilators. Access time and fluoroscopy time in OSD group was approximately shorter. Statistically it was significant. Successful dilation and stone free rate were subsequently 98% and was significant. Data collected included patient access time, radiation exposure, total operating time, preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin concentrations, tract dilatation failures, complications and transfusions. Conclusion: The use of one shot and standard prone position under general anaesthesia combines the advantages of these both methods including less radiation exposure and shorter access and operative time. One shot dilation technique is safe, economical and feasible technique with added advantage,lesser radiation exposure and lesser chance of blood transfusion. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.114-117
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Outcome of Obturator Nerve Block by Inguinal and Transvesical Approach in
           Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor

    • Authors: Md Mahmud Ur Rahman, Md Shafiqul Alam Chowdhury, Md Amanur Rasul, Sudip Das Gupta, Mohammed Mizanur Rahman
      Pages: 118 - 123
      Abstract: Introduction and aim of the study : Spinal anaesthesia for transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) does not prevent unintended stimulation of the obturator nerve when electro resection is performed on the lateral and Postero-lateral wall of the bladder. It results in muscle contraction of the adductor muscles of the thigh, which may lead to perforation of bladder wall with the resectoscope loop. The aim of the study was to compare the outcome of obturator nerve block by inguinal and transvesical approach. Materials and Methods: A prospective experimental study was done in the department of Urology Dhaka Medical College Hospital during the period of November 2016 to April 2018. Total 60 Patients were included for the study as per inclusion and exclusion Criteria. Patients were than allocated purposively into two groups by simple random sampling. Group A consisted of 30 patients where obturator nerve block (ONB) was done by transvesical approach and Group B also consisted of 30 patients where ONB was done by inguinal approach. Results: In the present study, the baseline characteristics of the patients in Group-A and Group-B were almost similar having no statistically significant difference. Obturator jerk more frequently occurred in group-B, in 13 (56.37%) patients following TURBT compared to Group-A, where 05(16.67%) patients developed obturator jerk. The intergroup difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). In case of 26 (86.67%) patients tumour was completely resectable in group-A, while in 21 (70.00%) patients of Group- B tumour was completely resectable. This was not a statistically significant difference (P>0.05). There was no incidence of bladder wall perforation in group-A, wherears this complication occurred in 02 (06.67%) cases of Group-B (p>0.05). Mean operative time in Group-A and group-B is 50.46 (±11.64) and 59.10 (±15.83) respectively (p<0.05). Conclusion: We conclude that transvesical approach is better in case of Jerk elimination and Less Procedure related time than inguinal approach during TURBT Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.118-123
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Outcome of Single Shot versus Serial Dilatation Technique for Percutaneous

    • Authors: AHM Mostofa Kamal, Md Shawkat Alam, Md Naushad Alam, Md Safiul Alam Babul, Anup Roy Chowdhury, Shahriar Md Kabir Hasan, Md Moynul Hoque Chowdhury, Md Habibur Rahman
      Pages: 124 - 128
      Abstract: Background: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a common procedure for the removal of renal stones larger than 2 cm size with the advantages of lower morbidity rates, decrease in post-operative pain with faster post-operative recovery & thereby less duration of postoperative hospital stay. One of the fundamental steps of PCNL is the creation of the nephrostomy access. It can be done either by single shot dilatation or by multi-increment serial dilatation technique. Objectives: To compare the outcome of PCNL done by single versus serial dilatation technique with specific reference to renal access time, total operative time, stone clearance rate, postoperative haematuria and duration of postoperative hospital stay. Methods: It was a prospective interventional study with a sample size of sixty where odd number patients were included in group A (PCNL by single shot dilatation technique) & even number patients were in group B (PCNL by serial dilatation technique). After meticulous checking and rechecking, collected data were compiled and statistical analysis was done using computer based software SPSS (statistical package for social science, Version- 16) and Students t-test and Chi-square test were applied for hypothesis testing. ‘P’ value <0.05 was considered as significant. Results: Comparison between the two groups regarding stone size, stone clearance rate, postoperative haematuria and postoperative hospital stay were not statistically significant (p> 0.05). But mean renal access time in minutes (group A was 3.43 ± 1.14 and group B was 4.20 ± 1.37) and the mean operative time in minutes (group A was 91.13 ± 19.08 and group B was 101.67 ± 15.81) between the groups were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Percutaneous nephrostomy access can be successfully performed by single shot dilatation technique during PCNL with the advantages of shorter renal access time and total operative time. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.124-128
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Outcome of Stone Fragmentation with Pneumatic and Ultrasonic Lithotripter
           During Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    • Authors: Shariful Islam Khan, Md Nurul Hooda, Md Safiul Alam Babul, Mohammad Habibur Rahman, Anup Roy Chowdhury, Md Moynul Hoque Chowdhury, Mohammad Zia Uddin
      Pages: 129 - 135
      Abstract: Background of the study: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the gold standard treatment for kidney stones larger than 2 cm. PCNL has replaced open surgical removal of large or complex calculi at the most institutions. The success of PCNL is related to the ability to achieve an optimum access tract and proper fragmentation. A wide range of lithotripsy techniques are currently available. One of these is ultrasonic lithotripsy, in which the stones are fragmented and sucked out simultaneously. This technique induces minimal tissue injury and could be considered as a standard modality for PCNL. The pneumatic lithotripter uses pneumatic ballast, which crushes the stones without producing any thermal effects. Because this mechanical energy passes along the metal wire to the stone, the probe works like a chisel on the stone surface. This modality destroys all stones, regardless of their composition. There were very few studies had been done in this context in our country, so I had decided to do this study to compare the outcome of stone fragmentation with pneumatic and ultrasonic lithotripter during percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Objective: To compare the outcome of stone fragmentation with pneumatic and ultrasonic lithotripter during percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Materials & Methods: This Prospective Interventional Study (Quasi Experimental Trial) was performed in Department of Urology, National Institute of Kidney Diseases and Urology, Sher-E- Bangla Nagar, Dhaka during the period from December 2014 to May 2016. A total of 60 subjects will be selected with renal calculi (as per inclusion & exclusion criteria), among these, half of the patients will be group A (using pneumatic lithotripsy) & rest of the patients will be group B (using ultrasonic lithotripsy). The study subjects were underwent PCNL under general anesthesia, half of which used pneumatic lithotripter and rest used ultrasonic lithotripter for stone fragmentation. Above mentioned outcome variables were assessed both per-operative and post-operatively. Data were collected, processed & analyzed. Statistical analysis of relevant variables was done by unpaired Student’s T test and Chi Square test. P value Â0.05 was considered significant. Results: Total 60 patients were selected for study according to the selection criteria. Of the 60 subjects, 30 patients, those who were done PCNL by pneumatic lithotripsy were labeled as Group A and 30 patients, those who were done PCNL by ultrasonic lithotripsy, were labeled with Group B. Distribution of respondents in terms of different parameters is shown in tabulated form and statistical analysis was done in both groups to see statistical significance, p value less than 0.05 was considered significant. The mean stone fragmentation time was 27.23±4.78 (18-38) min in PCNL by pneumatic lithotripsy and those were 23.80±5.30 (13-34) min in by ultrasonic lithotripsy which is statistically significant. Other variables of interest which includes stone clearance rate, post operative haematuria and post operative hospital stay, were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Comparing the findings of the present study, results indicate that stone fragmentation time is lesser in ultrasonic lithotripsy than pneumatic lithotripsy in PCNL which decreases the overall operative time. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.129-135
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Voiding Disorders in Patients with Cerebrovascular Accident

    • Authors: Md Siddiqur Rahman, Md Monowarul Islam, Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Shahana Afroze, Is mot Ara Zannat, Mohammad Mahbubul Haque
      Pages: 136 - 141
      Abstract: Background: Cerebrovascular accident often happens in elderly group, frequently causing voiding dysfunction. The aim of the study was to determine the magnitudes of various types of voiding disorders among patients of cerebrovascular accidents attending in Dhaka Medical College Hospital. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted at the department of Urology ofDhaka Medical College Hospital from July 2009 to June 2011. Hundred and eight patients were enrolled in the study. Results: More than 61% subjects were male (n=66).Leading number of patients (45.4%) had three to six months disease duration. In this group 67.3% had overactive bladder, 64.7% had underactive bladder and 24.5% had normal activity of bladder. In patients with irritative symptoms majority had overactive bladder (71.4%) while in patients with obstructive symptoms half of the subjects had overactive bladder (50.0%). Majority of the subjects with DM (71.4%) and HTN (82.6%) had overactive bladder. Seventy percent (n=) subjects with overactive bladder had arterial stroke while around 82% (n=) of the underactive bladder subjects had venous stroke. More than 85% subjects with underactive bladder and around 78% subjects with overactive bladder had infection. Conclusion: Voiding dysfunction is a common sequel of acute stroke and most of the patients with irritative symptoms and about half of the subjects with obstructive symptoms had overactive bladder. Diabetes mellitus, hypertension and arterial stroke were found to be associated with overactive bladder. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.136-141
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Quality of Life and Renal Functional Status In Patients With Cutaneous

    • Authors: Subrata Deb, Md Golam Mowla Chowdhury, Mohammad Shafiqur Rahman, Mohammad Salahuddin Faruque, Ashraful Islam, Madhusudan Mondal, Nirupom Mondal, Md Moktadir Hossain Mridha
      Pages: 142 - 150
      Abstract: Introduction: Radical cystoprostetectomy in male patients and anterior pelvic exenteration in female patients coupled with en-block pelvic lymphadenectomy and urinary reconstruction or diversion remains the gold standard surgical approach to muscle invasive bladder cancer in the absence of metastatic disease. In Bangladesh, commonly performed urinary diversions are Cutaneous ureterostomy and Ileal conduit. Types of urinary diversion have a great impact on different aspects of quality of life (QoL) as well as post -operative renal function. Aims and Objectives: This study was designed to compare the Quality of Life and Renal Function in between Cutaneous ureterostomy and Ileal conduit urinary diversion after radical cystectomy. Methodology: This was a hospital based Quasi Experimental study in which patients were selected by purposive sampling and, conducted from July, 2017 to September, 2018 in the department of Urology Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University. This study was performed among the patients with muscle invasive bladder cancer treated by radical cystectomy with cutaneous ureterostomy or Ileal conduit fulfilling the exclusion and inclusion criteria. Total 34 patients were taken for the study, among them 17 for cutaneous ureterostomy and, 17 for Ileal Conduit Group. Quality of Life was assessed through EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaire both pre and post operatively (3 months after operation). Renal function was assessed before and 1st POD, 7thPOD, one month and three months after operation by measuring eGFR. Result: Mean age of the patients was 59.00 ± 8.60 years and 53.35 ± 8.43years in group- A (Cutaneous ureterostomy) and group-B (Ileal conduit) respectively. Three months after operation, overall QoL in all scales were improved in both group but, more improvements were noted in group-B than group-A which were statistically significant (p<0.05). The mean pre-operative eGFR was significantly lower in group-A than group-B (p<0.001). Three months after operation, statistically significant differences in eGFR, were observed within, and in between two groups (p<0.05). Percentage of eGFR changed (renal function deterioration) were significantly more in group-A than group-B (p=0.001). Conclusion: Quality of life, after radical cystectomy with ileal conduit is better than cutaneous ureterostomy and, post- operative renal function deterioration significantly less in ileal conduit group than cutaneous ureterostomy group. So, ileal conduit is an appropriate option of urinary diversion for the patient those who permit prolong operative procedure. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.142-150
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Flexible Cystoscopy a Valuable Diagnostic Lool for Lower Urinary Tract

    • Authors: Md Rokonuzzaman Khan, Fazal Naser, Moazzam Hossain, Mostafizur Rahman
      Pages: 151 - 153
      Abstract: Objective: To assess the role of flexible cystoscopy in the diagnosis of lower urinary tract pathology and its suitability as a routine diagnostic protocol in outdoor patients. Methods: The cross sectional study was conducted at the advanced centre of kidney diseases and urology, Dhaka central international medical college, Dhaka from Jan 2016 to jan2019. All adult patients presenting with lower urinary symptoms to outdoor department were included. Flexible Cystoscopy was performed as a outdoor based procedure without sedation. Results: Of the 249 patients in the study,198(79%) were male and 51(21%) were female. Lower urinary tract pathologies were found in 192(72%) patients. The most common pathology among males was enlarged prostate 56(31%) patients. Urethral stricture, bladder neck high were found 23(11%),21(10%) respectively. Among females, urethral stenosis was the most common pathology in 23(32%)patients. Transitional cell carcinoma was seen in 11(4.4%) patients having hematuria with inconclusive ultrasound and intravenous urography. .All patients tolerated the procedure well with no procedure related complaints. Conclusion: Flexible cystoscopy is an effective, well tolerated and easy way of detecting lower urinary tract pathologies. It can alter the management as well as support the diagnosis and management. It is also helpful in routine surveillance of bladder tumours of low grade and low stage. Flexible cystoscopy should therefore be used as routine diagnostic protocol in outdoor practice. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.151-153
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Clearance of Renal Stone in PCNL Under Spinal Anaesthesia

    • Authors: Muhammad Hossain, Sayedul Islam, Mohammad Shafiqur Rahman, Faruk Hossain, Md Saiful Islam, Shahil Ismam Hossain
      Pages: 154 - 157
      Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the Outcome of PCNL under spinal Anaesthesia. Material and Method: A total of 74 patients with renal stone disease were treated by PCNL under spinal anasthesia. Total study period was from January 2013 to October 2019. Pre operative and post operative variables and complications were recorded. Result: Age range from 25 years to 65 years, mean 41.37 ± 33 yrs. Male female ratio was 6.4:1 stone size ranges from 15mm to 40mm, majority was 21.33mm. Mean operative time was 69±4.2 min. Total stone clearance was 15.60%. Only 10.82% patients were suffering from grade I complications and mean hospital stay was 3.1±0.6 days. Conclusion: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is effective and safe under spinal anesthesia with shorter hospital stay and minimal complication. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.154-157
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Female Urethroplasty: A new hope for better quality of life

    • Authors: Md Zahid H Bhuiyan, Syed Alfesani
      Pages: 158 - 163
      Abstract: Introduction: Female urethral stricture is a difficult issue in Urology. Many of the times it may follow any sort of urethral instrumentation but in other cases no definite precipitating causes are unidentified. Methods: This was a prospective study. The sample size was n – 50. All cases were recurrent with the history of urethral dilatations, urethrotomies in multiple sessions. The diagnostic investigations in VCUG (voiding cystourethrogram), Ultrasound scan of kidney Ureter, bladder with post void residues, Uroflometry etc. Due to limitations, Urodynamic study was done in limited cases. Urethral augmentation was done using dorsal substitution of OMG (oral mucosal graft). Urethral catheter was left for 03 – 04 weeks. Results: After removal of catheter, urinary flow was observed; excellent in all the cases. It remain satisfactory in 06 months of follow-up. Overall result is excellent. Conclusions: Female urethral stricture is a difficult issue in Urology, Urethral dilatation, urethrotomies, clean intermittent catheterization are good options but need frequent procedures. Urethral augmentation with dorsal substitution of oral mucosal graft is a curative approach in long-run. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.158-163
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Correlation Between PSA Density and Gleason Score In Prostate Cancer

    • Authors: Md Naved Yusuf, Sudip Das Gupta, Mohammed Mianur Rahman, Md Mahmud Ur Rahman
      Pages: 164 - 168
      Abstract: Background: Prostate cancer is the most common form of malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer death among men. The histological grade is an independent determinant of disease prognosis and survival. The Gleason System (GS) grading is the most widely accepted classification. Several recent studies have searched for factors that could predict GS upgrading. High prostate specific antigen density (PSAD) has been shown to be predictors of risk progression in many studies, reflecting the possibility of undetected aggressive cancer. Objective: To detect the association between PSA density and Gleason score in prostate cancer patients. Methodology: This cross sectional study was carried out at the department of urology, Sir Salimullah Medical College Mitford hospital, Dhaka. Patients diagnosed as prostate cancer meeting the inclusion criteria admitted in the above mentioned place was the study population. Statistical analyses were carried out by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 23.0 for Windows (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA). Student t-test was used for continuous variables. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to test the relationship between the groups. P values <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Total eighty three patients were included in this study. The mean age was found 69.2±7.7 years ranging from 50 to 85 years. The mean volume of prostate was 42.3±17.6 ml ranging from 13.0 to 68.0 ml. The mean Gleason score was 7.8±1.4 ranging from 6.0 to 10.0. More than one third (33.7%) patients had PSA density 0.15- 0.5 ng/ml/ml. Three patients had found Gleason score 9 (5+4) within PSA density 0.51-1.0 ng/ml/ml, 5 patients within PSA density 1.1-1.5 ng/ml/ml, 3 patients within PSA density 1.51-2.0 ng/ml/ml, 6 patients within PSA density 2.1-2.5 ng/ml/ml, 5 patients within PSA density 2.51-3.0 ng/ml/ml and 2 patients within PSA density >3.0 ng/ml/ml. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.05) among seven groups. Positive correlation (r=0.717; p=0.001) between PSA density with Gleason score. Conclusion: In this study, we find there is a strong correlation between PSA density and Gleason score. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.164-168
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Outcome of Lower Ureteric Stone Fragmentation by Laser in Comparison with
           Pneumatic Lithotripsy

    • Authors: SA Anowar Ul Quadir, Khan Nazrul Islam, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Shafiqul Alam Chowdhury, SM Mahbub Alam
      Pages: 169 - 175
      Abstract: Background: Several different modalities are available for ureteral stone fragmentation. From them pneumatic and holmium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho: YAG) lithotripsy have supportive outcomes. Aims: To see the outcome of lower ureteric stone fragmentation by laser in comparison with pneumatic lithotripsy. Methods: The prospective clinical study was conducted during the period from July 2012 to June 2014 in Dhaka Medical College Hospital. From the patient admitted in Dhaka medical college hospital a total of 60 patient were selected using purposive sampling methods. Selected patients were numbered chronologically and odd number group as group A (laser lithotripsy) and even number group B (pneumatic lithtripsy). Cystoscopy followed by ureterescopy with the help of guide wire was done and stone fragmentation done by either laser lithotripsy (done in general operation theatre in Dhaka Medical College Hospital) or pneumatic lithotripsy (done in Urology operation theatre in Dhaka Medical College Hospital). Collected data were processed and analyzed using computer software SPSS (statistical package for social science), version-18. Un-pair t-test, chisquare test and Fishers Exact probability test were used to analyze the data. The findings of the study showed age and sex are almost identically distributed in both groups. Results: The mean age of group A and group- B were 35.63±11.66 and 38.90±11.21 years respectively. A male predominance was observed in both groups with 70% male in group- A and 53.3% in group-B. Stone size was also observed identically in both groups. 43% of stone are larger than 10mm in group- A and 47% stone are larger than 10mm. None of other baseline variable found very between groups. Immediate stone clearance was much higher in group-A (96.7%) then that in group- B (80%). Although both the groups demonstrated 100% clearance after 1 month. Immediate complications were higher in group B then those of group- A. Ureteral perforation in group B was found 6.7% as opposed to none in group-A. Fever in group A (6.7%) was observed to be more than 3 times higher than in group- B (23.3%). Comparison of complications after 1 and 3 months shows some differences (higher in group-B) but that is not significant. Ureteral stricture developed in 3 patients in group- B compared to nil in group- A. More than 90% of patients of group-A were released from the hospital within 3 days after operation, in contrast about 40% in group-B left the hospital within 3 days. Conclusion: So, laser lithotripsy is better option for the management of lower ureteric stone by using semi rigid ureteroscope, in term of stone migration, rate of stone fragmentation and clearance, operation time, hospital stay and complication. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.169-175
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Low intensity Extra Corporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Patients with Erectile
           Dysfunction: Our experience in ACKU

    • Authors: Md Fazal Naser, Mahmood Hasan, Md Waliul Islam, Tajkera Sultana Chowdhury, Md Shohrab Hossain
      Pages: 176 - 180
      Abstract: Introduction: Oral 5-phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDE5-I) is the main therapeutical options in erectile dysfunction (ED). It shows good results, but non-responders lack other effective options and its effect is also not long lasting. Since last few years, low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (Li-ESWT) in the corpora cavernosa showing promising results. This article presents our early experiences in Advanced Center of Kidney disease and Urology (ACKU) with the aim to evaluate clinical efficacy of Li-ESWT. Materials and methods: Thirty four patients with ED were prospectively included in the study during the period of January 2018 to Jun 2019.Treatment was performed using the PiezoWave2 (Richard Wolf, Germany) device with a linear probe. Treatment protocol included a weekly session for four weeks. Each session delivered 2000 shocks on the perineum plus 4000 shocks on dorsum penis with an energy flux density (EFD) of 0.160 mJ/mm2. Every patient has been re-evaluated 1.5 and 3 months after the last session. Pre- and post-procedure International Index Erectile Function – Erectile function domain (IIEF-EF) score, Erection Hardness Score (EHS) and Global Assessment Questionnaire-Question 1 (GAQ-Q1) answers were obtained. Results: Mean age of the study population was 39.4 (±12.9) years, 35.29% diabetic, 20.59% with hypertension and 55.85% smokers. Mean baseline IIEF-EF was 14.6, at 6 week post LiSWT was 16.4 (p >0.05) and at 3 months post LiSWT was 19.2 (p < 0.05). EHS was significantly improved at 3 month in comparison to baseline (p<0.05). 20.59% patients answered positively to GAQ-Q1 at 6 week and 61.76% at 3 months. IIEF-EF score change of >5 and increase of EHS >2 were observed in 62.88% and 70.59% study subjects respectively. Conclusions: Li-ESWT is a safe, harmless and repeatable treatment tool for ED with good outcomes reported. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.176-180
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Outcome of Laser Urethrotomy in Comparison with Optical Internal
           Urethrotomy in Recurrent Stricture Urethra Following Perineal Anastomotic
           Urethroplasty for PUDD

    • Authors: Ripan Debnath, Md Nabid Alam, Md Towhid Belal, Prodyut Kumar Saha, Uttam Karmaker, Md Shafiqul Alam Chowdhury
      Pages: 181 - 187
      Abstract: Objective: To compare the outcome of laser urethrotomy and optical internal urethrotomy(OIU) for the treatment of recurrent stricture urethra following perineal anastomotic urethroplasty for posterior urethral distraction defect. Materials and methods: The study was conducted in Dhaka Medical College Hospital from January 2013 to December 2014.Male patients presented with obstructed voiding symptoms following perineal anastomotic urethroplasty were evaluated by their history, physical findings and investigations (urinalysis, uroflowmetry, retrograde urethrogram and micturiting cystourethrogram ) & primarily 64 patients are selected by purposive sampling. Patients are divieded again by random allocation into group A and group B and underwent for OIU and laser urethrotomy respectively. Results: Comparison was made to find out the better method between optical urethrotomy and laser urethrotomy. Overall per-operative complications (bleeding, extravasations of irrigating fluid, false passage and broken knife) in the former group were 31.3% compared to none in the latter group. Post-operative complications like bleeding, haematoma, penile oedema and erectile dysfunction were found only in Group-A (p=0.002). The mean duration of postoperative catheterization and average hospital stay were observed to be much higher in Group-A than that in Group-B (p=0.000008; p=0.0006). Comparison of final outcome (development of stricture) between groups at 1 year of evaluation in Group-A and Group-B was not significant (p= 0.320). Conclusion: Laser urethrotomy is better than optical urethrotmy in regards of peroperative and post-operative complications. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.181-187
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Comparative Study Between Holmium Laser versus Pneumatic Ureteroscopic
           Lithotripsy for Proximal Ureteric Stones Close to Pelvi-ureteric Junction
           (PUJ) -A Prospective Trial

    • Authors: Harun Or Rashid, Md Shahidul Islam, SM Shameem Waheed, Md Abdur Rakib, Md Ashif Chowdhury, Md Shafiul Alam, ATM Nurul Amin, Muhammed Alam
      Pages: 188 - 192
      Abstract: Objective: To compare the outcomes of ureteroscopic lithotripsy with pneumatic lithotripter versus Holium:Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet (Ho:YAG) laser in the management of upper ureteric stones. Materials and methods: Patients who underwent ureteroscopic lithotripsy with pneumatic lithotripter or Ho:YAG laser for upper ureteric stones were reviewed. Patients with urinary tract infection, ,loss of follow-up, concurrent middle or lower third ureteral stones or acute renall failure were excluded. Patient age, stone size and burden (based on KUB or computerized tomography), stone upward migration, double J stent insertion rate, stone free rate and secondary intervention rate for residual stones were compared in both groups. Results: There were 70 patients with upper ureteric stones (35 in pneumatic group and 35 in laser group) meeting the study criteria. Patients’ age, gender, stone size and burden were similar in both groups. The Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy group had better stone free rate, less double J stent insertion rate and less upward migration and secondary intervention rate, sepsis as compared with pneumatic lithotripsy (94.2% vs. 60%; 85% vs. 100%; 5.7% vs 40%; 5.7% vs 34.2%; 2.8 vs 2.8 respectively, all p < 0.05). In patients with stones sizes 8-10 mm, Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy had significantly lower upward migration rate, lower double J stent insertion rate, higher stone free rate and less secondary intervention rate. Conclusions: Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy is better and much effective than pneumatic lithotripsy in the management of upper ureteric stones in terms of, stone free rate and secondary intervention rate for stones of sizes about 8 to 10 mm.Although the access of upper ureter is difficult but our small calibre (4.5 fr) ureteoscope and gentle manuevre have made the procedures safe and successful. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.188-192
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Surgical Repair of Posterior Urethral Distraction Defects and its Outcome
           : Initial Experience in a Tertiary Level Hospital

    • Authors: Md Selim Morshed, Hafiz Al Asad, Md Fazal Naser, Uttam Karmaker, Md Towhid Belal, Md Saruar Alam
      Pages: 193 - 198
      Abstract: Purpose: Management of posterior urethral distraction defects are challenging for urologists and need very careful and meticulous dissection for getting a good outcome. Dhaka medical college hospital is a tertiary referral hospital where we receive a lot of cases from different districts. The study was done to observe the outcome of anastomotic urethroplasty for posterior urethral distraction defects. Methods : This was a prospective experimental study. This study was done in a single unit of DMCH urology department by a single surgeon . Those who were suffering from posterior urethral distraction defects with suprapubic catheter in situ were included and underwent anastomotic urethroplasty from the period of January, 2018 to october, 2019. After proper evaluation and counseling all patients underwent perineal anastomotic urethroplasty under spinal anesthesia with 6-8 interrupted suture, using 4/0 vicryl. A 14 Fr Foley catheter was placed in urethral lumen and 16 Fr catheter in SPC site. A latex strip drain was placed for perineal wound. Drain was removed after 48 hours of operation . Patients were usually discharged in between 5th to 7th POD with definite follow up protocol and medications with supra pubic catheters (SPC) and per urethral catheters in situ. On 21 POD urethral catheter was removed. SPC was removed after 7 days if patient can void normally. 1st and 2nd follow up were done at the completion of 3rd and 6th month respectively. The prevalence of post-operative sexual disorders was investigated using the International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) questionnaire during follow-up. If the patient can able to void per urethra in a well manner and Qmax>15 mL/s then repair was defined successful. Result : Success rate of perineal anastomotic urethroplasty for posterior urethral distraction defect was 83.33.%. 18 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 28.27 years. 17 patients were able to void successfully after surgical procedure but among those 2 patients had urinary flow rate < 15 ml/sec and one patient didn’t able to void. 3 patients had developed wound infection, 3 patients developed erectile dysfunction. Conclusion : Perineal anastomotic urethroplasty is gold standard for treatment of posterior urethral distraction defects. Long term follow up is needed to give a opinion regarding the ultimate outcome of the surgical procedure and that have give a good idea for future management. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.193-198
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Comparative Study Between Mini PCNL and RIRS in the Treatment of Renal

    • Authors: Md Abdur Rakib, Md Shahidul Islam, SM Shameem Waheed, Md Ashif Chwdhury, Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Mohammad Harun Or Rashid
      Pages: 199 - 204
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-perc) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in management of renal stones with a diameter <15 mm. Materials and Methods: This was an open-label prospective study that included a total of 80 cases underwent mini-perc (n = 40) and RIRS (n = 40) between July 2014 and August 2017. The primary outcome objective was stone-free rate, retreatment rate, complications, hospital stay, operative time, and reduction in hemoglobin level. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 Software. Results: Overall, 80 patients were enrolled in this study. The mean age was 40.12 and 38.20 years, and the mean stone size was 1.15 and 1.30 cm in mini-perc and RIRS group, respectively. Majority of the study participants were males. Overall, mini-perc and RIRS had stone clearance rates of 100% and 95.4%, respectively. Two patients required retreatment in RIRS group. The duration of hospital stay and the rate of complication was similar in both the groups. Operative duration was more in RIRS group. Decrease in hemoglobin level was more in mini-perc group. Conclusions: Results demonstrated that both modalities were associated with high stone clearance rates with minimal complications. RIRS was associated with less reduction in hemoglobin and could be used as standard treatment modality for small renal calculi. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.199-204
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • Treatment Modalities of Muscle Invasive Transitional Cell Carcinoma of

    • Authors: ATM Mowladad Chowdhury, Bakhtiar Ahmed, Md Muntasir Chowdhury
      Pages: 205 - 209
      Abstract: The treatment of muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is complex. This review describes the available therapies for invasive urothelial carcinoma. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) followed by radical cystectomy (RC) and lymph node dissection has been considered the slandered treatment for MIBC. Many patients those are unfit for surgery or cisplatin ineligible, bladder sparing strategies are considered in highly selected patients. Even though there are no level I data, the treatment outcomes for highly select patients given bladder sparing therapy appear promising, with many patients retaining a functional bladder. So it can be concluded that treatment of MIBC is a multidisciplinary collaborative program of surgery, radiation and medical oncology. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.205-209
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
  • A Case Report on Bilateral Adrenal Histoplasmosis

    • Authors: Md Sazzad Hossain, Mohammad Zahid Hasan, Mir Ehteshamul Haque, Mostakim Maoya
      Pages: 210 - 212
      Abstract: Disseminated histoplasmosis affecting the adrenal glands is a very rare infection and an uncommon cause of adrenal insufficiency. We present a case of bilateral adrenal histoplasmosis in a 77 years old immunosuppressed patient who presented with bilateral adrenal masses. The fine needle aspiration cytology of the adrenal mass was positive for Histoplasma capsulatum. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 2, July 2020 p.210-212
      PubDate: 2020-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2020)
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