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    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (151 journals)

UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (151 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 144 of 144 Journals sorted alphabetically
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Pediatric Nephrology Association     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access  
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal  
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Hellenic Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access  
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access  
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Nefrología     Open Access  
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Paediatric Nephrology Journal of Bangladesh     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access  
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Translational Research in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Urine     Open Access  
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal  
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access  
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Case Reports in Urology
Number of Followers: 11  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-696X - ISSN (Online) 2090-6978
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Necrotizing Epididymo-Orchitis: A Rare Manifestation of COVID-19

    • Abstract: Epididymo-orchitis is an infection of the epididymis and testis, one of the most common urogenital infections. It can be seen at any age. It is caused by sexually transmitted microorganisms and nonsexual transmitted pathogens. Viruses such as mumps and cytomegalovirus can also cause epididymo-orchitis. During the COVID-19 pandemic, in case of abnormal clinical manifestations of COVID infection and inadequate therapeutic response to the routine therapies, this disease with unusual manifestations should be considered. The case introduced in this paper is a 55-year-old man referred to a urology clinic with typical clinical presentations of epididymo-orchitis. Diagnosis by color Doppler examination and ultrasound also confirmed epididymo-orchitis. The patient underwent appropriate and routine treatment for epididymo-orchitis. Because of the lack of adequate clinical response and the continuation of fever and the development of scrotal lesions and the results of the control ultrasound, which suggested rupture of the tunica albuginea capsule, he underwent surgical exploration and subsequent orchiectomy. Due to the unconventional conditions and the usual culture and pathology, COVID-19 PCR was also performed on the tissues. The PCR showed tissue infection with COVID-19. The patient’s clinical condition improved with an orchiectomy, the fever stopped, and he was discharged in a good general condition. It should be noted that before referral to the urology clinic and during hospitalization, evaluation, and treatment, the patient had no evidence in favor of respiratory tract infection with the coronavirus.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 07:20:01 +000
       
  • Primary Adenosquamous Carcinoma of the Prostate with Rectal Invasion

    • Abstract: Prostate adenosquamous carcinoma (pASC) is a rare form of prostate cancer accounting for
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Jun 2022 06:50:01 +000
       
  • Laparoscopic Nephroureterectomy with Heminephrectomy for Urothelial
           Carcinoma of the Upper Renal Pelvis on the Left Side of the Horseshoe
           Kidney

    • Abstract: A 70-year-old male was diagnosed with urothelial carcinoma of the upper renal pelvis on the left side of the horseshoe kidney. Preoperative thin-slice contrast-enhanced CT with three-dimensional reconstruction of the images revealed that two arteries arising from the aorta supplied the left moiety of the horseshoe kidney. He underwent laparoscopic transperitoneal nephroureterectomy with heminephrectomy on the left side of the horseshoe kidney visualized by indocyanine green fluorescence system. The histopathological findings of the renal pelvic tumor revealed invasive urothelial carcinoma with squamous differentiation, high grade, and pT3.
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Jun 2022 04:20:00 +000
       
  • Metastasis to the Bladder: A Rare Site of Recurrence of Renal Cell
           Carcinoma

    • Abstract: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is considered to be the deadliest urologic cancer with high rates of metastasis and recurrence after nephrectomy. RCC can metastasize to nearly any organ but most commonly metastasizes to the liver, lung, brain, and bone. To date, there are only about 40 reported cases of RCC with solitary bladder metastasis. The following report contributes to this limited data set of patients with RCC who develop solitary metastasis to the bladder. A 69-year-old male presented with occasional gross hematuria and was found to have a left renal mass infiltrating the collecting system. Ureteroscopic biopsy revealed clear cell RCC, and the patient subsequently underwent radical left nephrectomy. Eight months after nephrectomy, the patient presented to the clinic with gross hematuria. In-office cystoscopy demonstrated a nodular lesion in the bladder arising from the left ureteral orifice. The patient underwent transurethral resection of the bladder mass and pathology demonstrated clear cell RCC. Subsequent imaging showed no evidence of metastatic disease. Five months after transurethral resection, the patient was found to have a left distal ureteral mass and underwent left ureterectomy with partial cystectomy. Pathology again demonstrated clear cell RCC. RCC with solitary metastasis to the bladder is rare, and there are no targeted guideline recommendations for management. Per standard of care, patients with painless hematuria and risk factors for malignancy should undergo cystoscopy. In patients with a history of RCC, metastasis to the bladder should be considered in the differential diagnosis. Patients with metastatic RCC to the bladder should undergo a thorough work-up for additional sites of metastasis. In patients with RCC who develop solitary bladder metastasis amenable to resection following nephrectomy, there is a lack of evidence to guide therapy and a multidisciplinary discussion is warranted. However, if the tumor is amenable to resection, metastasectomy is a reasonable therapeutic approach and offers the patient an improved quality of life and an opportunity for remission.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Jun 2022 06:20:02 +000
       
  • Melanosis of the Bladder: Possible Pathogenetic Mechanisms

    • Abstract: Melanin accumulation within the bladder urothelium and/or macrophages in the lamina propria (melanosis of the bladder) is a very rare phenomenon of unknown pathogenesis. Its rarity argues for a complex, likely multifactorial, causation. We describe bladder melanosis developing after Botox therapy in an elderly woman with a history of overactive bladder, treated grade 2 uterovaginal prolapse, and episodes of urinary tract infection and speculate that one factor (probably of many) in its pathogenesis may be a derangement of local neurourothelial interactions.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jun 2022 08:35:00 +000
       
  • A Case of Traumatic Catheterisation leading to Rectal Perforation and
           Periprostatic Abscess

    • Abstract: A 79-year-old gentleman presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with catheter-related issues on a background of a long-term catheter for previous urinary retention, Hartmann’s procedure for colorectal cancer, and brachytherapy for prostate cancer. A 3-way silicone catheter was placed by ED staff and bladder irrigation commenced. The urine draining following catheterisation was found to be dark and thick, and irrigation fluid was noted to be draining per rectum. CT imaging was performed and demonstrated the catheter tip extending through the posterior wall of the urethra and into the rectum. The patient was admitted under the urology team, and urinary diversion was achieved with a suprapubic catheter. Subsequent imaging demonstrated a periprostatic abscess, which was initially managed with antimicrobial therapy, followed by attempted image-guided drainage. Repeat imaging following a 6-week course of antibiotics failed to show an improvement in the collection. During his inpatient stay, he contracted COVID-19 and passed away suddenly. This case demonstrates the potential catastrophic consequences associated with urethral catheterisation.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 11:50:01 +000
       
  • Rapidly Progressive Bladder Cancer Diagnosed because of Spontaneous
           Bladder Rupture

    • Abstract: Background. Spontaneous bladder rupture (SBR) is very rare and can be associated with advanced bladder cancer. Because of its rarity, the optimal management of bladder cancer with SBR has not been established. Herein, we report a case of SBR due to locally advanced bladder cancer, which rapidly invaded the ileum and caused peritoneal dissemination. Case Presentation. An 86-year-old man presented with sudden-onset lower abdominal pain and distension. The patient was diagnosed with bladder perforation and bladder tumor on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT). Transurethral resection of the bladder tumor revealed an invasive urothelial carcinoma with squamous differentiation. Although radical cystectomy with lymph node dissection was planned, preoperative CECT and magnetic resonance imaging revealed enlargement of the bilateral iliac regional lymph nodes, multiple peritoneal nodules, and invasion of the bladder tumor to the ileocecum. Therefore, cystectomy and resection of ileocecum with palliative intent and bilateral cutaneous ureterostomy were performed. However, the patient’s general condition rapidly worsened after surgery, and he died 74 days after the initial diagnosis. Conclusions. We encountered a case of SBR accompanied by bladder cancer with extremely rapid progression, which suggested the importance of short-interval repeat imaging examinations. Emergency surgery should be considered when bladder cancer is suspected in patients with SBR so as not to miss the window period of a possible cure.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 May 2022 03:05:00 +000
       
  • Robot-Assisted Nephroureterectomy for Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma in
           a Patient with an Ileal Conduit

    • Abstract: Background. Upper tract urothelial carcinoma remains an uncommon disease that is clinically difficult to identify early and surveil. Open nephroureterectomy is the gold standard for patients with high-grade disease, especially for patients in whom surveillance is complicated such as those with prior cystectomies/ileal conduits. This report presents a case of a patient with a history of radical cystectomy and ileal conduit construction who underwent a successful minimally invasive robotic surgery for treatment of upper tract urothelial carcinoma. Case Presentation. The patient is a 72-year-old Caucasian male with a history of recurrent superficial bladder tumors treated with cystoscopies with fulguration, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin, and a robot-assisted cystectomy with ileal conduit diversion presenting with recurrent urinary tract infections and hematuria secondary to a ureteral stricture. The patient was admitted previously for urosepsis during which time a percutaneous nephrostomy tube was inserted on the right side. Upon presentation, imaging revealed a lesion extending from the lower pole of the right kidney into the renal pelvis. The presence of a nephrostomy and urostomy allowed the surgical team to utilize a minimally invasive approach to remove the diseased kidney and ureter with visualization enhanced by indocyanine green. Conclusion. Minimally invasive robot-assisted approaches to treating upper tract urothelial carcinomas may offer an alternative to the open cases typically employed in cases of patients with prior ileal conduit. Furthermore, utilizing indocyanine green may expand the applicability of such approaches to uro-oncologic cases with greater complexity.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 May 2022 10:35:00 +000
       
  • Complete Duplex of the Left Ureter with Lower Moiety Hydronephrosis
           Secondary to Ureteral Stone in Adult

    • Abstract: Ureteral duplication is a common embryologic abnormality of the kidney with an incidence rate of 0.8% in adults. However, complete duplex ureters opening independently into the urinary bladder are rarely present. We report a 35-year-old female who presented with left flank pain in the last three years. Abdominal CT scan showed left complete duplicated system with lower moiety hydroureteronephrosis and obstructed midureteral stone. The patient underwent left retroperitoneal exploration with complete excision of the hydronephrotic sac. The postoperative course was uneventful without complications. In conclusion, a complete duplex kidney with lower moiety hydronephrosis caused by mid ureteric stone is rare. The renal duplication system should be diagnosed and followed with image guidance periodically as the late diagnosis may have poor outcomes with loss of the kidney or part of it.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Apr 2022 07:05:02 +000
       
  • Persistent Müllerian Duct Syndrome: Understanding the Challenges

    • Abstract: Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare autosomal recessive condition defined by the presence of Müllerian duct-derived structures in an otherwise normally masculinized phenotypical and genotypical (46,XY) male. We describe the case of an infant diagnosed with PMDS, managed and followed up for 7 years. The diagnosis of PMDS was made at laparoscopy at 6 months of age for investigation and management of bilateral impalpable testes. A Müllerian structure resembling a uterus with bilateral fallopian tube-like structures was seen in the pelvis, along with bilateral intra-abdominal testes. Gonadal biopsy confirmed normal testicular tissue. The child underwent successful bilateral two-stage Fowler-Stephens orchidopexies. The Müllerian remnant was preserved to maintain testicular vascularity. At the most recent follow-up, the testes are intrascrotal and normal on palpation. There have been no clinical symptoms or concerns with the Müllerian remnant during surveillance with ultrasound and MRI. To date, there are less than 300 cases described in the medical literature, with limited consensus on management. We reflect on challenges the condition poses, including fertility preservation in PMDS, testicular and Müllerian malignancy risk in PMDS, and optimal management and surveillance of PMDS.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 12:35:01 +000
       
  • Reconstruction of a Scrotum by Combining Two Skin Flaps in a Ball Shape

    • Abstract: Background. The scrotum functions to maintain spermatogenesis and hormonal production of Leydig cells by preventing the testicles from rising in temperature and protecting them from the outside world. The scrotum, along with the penis, is also an organ that symbolizes masculinity. Therefore, deformity or loss of the scrotum can be a major psychological problem. Various scrotal reconstruction techniques have been reported. In these papers, there is some discussion about the type of skin flap, but little discussion about the method of suturing the skin flap. We devised a way to reconstruct a scrotum to a natural size by suturing two skin flaps together to form a ball shape. Case Presentation. Case 1 was a patient with a missing scrotum due to Fournier’s gangrene. Total resection of the scrotum, including the bilateral testes, was performed to save his life. Reconstructive surgery was performed 11 days after the initial surgery. Reconstruction was performed using bilateral gluteal fold flaps. Case 2 was a patient with a congenital defect of the scrotum. The testis on the right side exhibited cryptorchidism, and the scrotum was missing, and the testis on the left side was encased in a hypoplastic scrotum. Reconstruction was performed using an internal pudendal artery perforator flap. Conclusion. There are two types of scrotal defects: those with testes present and those with testes missing. This method can be used for both types of scrotal defects, and we were able to create a scrotum that satisfied each patient.
      PubDate: Sat, 19 Mar 2022 09:35:00 +000
       
  • Large Pelvic Hematoma after UroLift® Procedure for Treatment of BPH
           with Median Lobe

    • Abstract: The UroLift® procedure is a minimally invasive technique used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in the office or hospital setting. As of 2021, over 200,000 of these procedures have been performed, with an excellent safety profile. We present a case report of a patient who underwent the UroLift® procedure and was found to have a 16.5 cm pelvic hematoma within 16 hours. This study was done as a retrospective chart review. In addition, a comprehensive review of the literature was performed, and all relevant government and company websites were reviewed for thorough evaluation. The patient had an uncomplicated inpatient UroLift® procedure for BPH using 5 implants and was discharged from the hospital without incident. The patient presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain 16 hours after the procedure, and a 16.5 cm pelvic hematoma was found on computerized tomography (CT) scan. Since 2015, there have been 27 cases of pelvic hematoma after UroLift® reported to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and only 2 cases published in the literature. Our patient required hospital admission for 3 days and 3 units of packed red blood cells, but no surgical exploration or intervention. The procedure was technically successful as it improved the patient’s voiding and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) as of 2-month follow-up. Potential etiologies include implant firing depth beyond the extent of the prostate, as well as treatment of the median lobe.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Mar 2022 11:05:00 +000
       
  • Corrigendum to “Unilateral Giant Hydronephrosis Secondary to
           Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in a Middle-Aged Woman”

    • PubDate: Wed, 02 Mar 2022 04:05:00 +000
       
  • Laparoscopic Management of an Inflammatory Pseudotumor Mimicking a Locally
           Advanced Renal Carcinoma: A Diagnostic Pitfall

    • Abstract: Inflammatory pseudotumors of the kidney are an infrequent entity. More frequently described in the lung, the genitourinary tract location is rare. Commonly described in the bladder, the kidney damage remains exceptional. Herein, we report the case of 60 years old man with a history of flank pain, initially diagnosed with a locally advanced left renal carcinoma invading the left colon. Then, after performing a laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, the histopathological diagnosis of inflammatory pseudotumor of the left kidney has been made.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Feb 2022 07:35:00 +000
       
  • Ureteral Diaphragmatic Hernia Treated with Ureteral Stenting: A Case
           Report and Review of the Literature

    • Abstract: Ureteral diaphragmatic hernia through diaphragmatic defects is an exceptionally rare subset of ureteral hernia with only fourteen such cases reported in English manuscripts. An 85-year-old woman was introduced to our department with right flank pain, fever elevation, and nausea. Urinalysis showed bacteriuria, and Escherichia coli was detected in the urine culture. Blood analysis revealed abnormal findings, including elevated WBC count (10,510/μl) and C-reactive protein (0.28 mg/dl). Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen demonstrated a defect of the right diaphragmatic crus containing a dilated right ureter with associated hydronephrosis. Retrograde pyelography showed hydronephrosis and dilated ureter loops through the defect of diaphragmatic crus, known as a “curlicue sign,” and the diagnosis was right ureteral diaphragmatic hernia. A ureteral stent was placed on her right side, and the ureter was reducted into the retroperitoneal space. After six months, the ureteral stent was removed, with no subsequent recurrence of the ureteral diaphragmatic hernia at seven months. We reviewed all cases in the literature published in English of ureteral diaphragmatic hernia. While the etiology of ureteral diaphragmatic hernia is unknown, our present case and previous reports suggest that a ureteral diaphragmatic hernia may occur due to hepatic atrophy and/or an elevated position of the right kidney.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Feb 2022 07:20:00 +000
       
  • Prune Belly Syndrome Associated with Interstitial 17q12 Microdeletion

    • Abstract: We report a term male neonate presenting with a “prune belly,” bilateral hydronephrosis, hydroureter, posterior urethral obstruction, and bilateral undescended testes. Analysis with the whole genome SNP microarray revealed an interstitial deletion of about 1.49 megabase (MB) at chromosome 17q12. We present a rare association of prune belly syndrome with a chromosomal deletion in this same region.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Feb 2022 16:05:01 +000
       
  • The “Tri-Glide” Technique: A Case Report on a Novel Intraoperative
           Approach for Removal of Retained and Encrusted Ureteral Stents

    • Abstract: Background. Retained ureteral stents can result in significant morbidity and can be surgically challenging to urologists. A multimodal approach is often necessary for removal, potentially including retrograde and antegrade procedures performed over multiple anesthetic sessions. We describe the novel “Tri-Glide” technique for treating retained stents, particularly those with stent shaft encrustation prohibiting safe removal. Case Presentation. Two patients with nephrolithiasis and retained, encrusted ureteral stents were managed with the “Tri-Glide” technique. Patient #1 was a 58-year-old man with a severely calcified ureteral stent, retained for 14 years. After undergoing simultaneous cystolitholapaxy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy to treat proximal and distal encrustations, the stent shaft remained trapped in the ureter due to heavy calcifications. Three hydrophilic guidewires were passed alongside the stent, allowing it to easily slide out of the ureter intact. Patient #2 was a 74-year-old man who after only 3-months of stent dwell time developed severe stent shaft encrustation preventing removal. After multiple maneuvers failed, the “Tri-Glide” technique was used to create a smooth track for stent to slide out intact with gentle traction. Both patients did well postoperatively with no complications. Conclusion. The “Tri-Glide” technique can aid in the management of complex encrusted stent extractions, especially when there is significant shaft encrustation.
      PubDate: Thu, 03 Feb 2022 15:50:00 +000
       
  • Donor-Derived Urothelial Carcinoma in Renal Transplant Recipients

    • Abstract: Cancer is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in recipients of renal transplantation. The vast majority develop from recipient origins, whereas donor-derived malignancies are exceedingly rare. We report 2 cases of poorly differentiated donor-derived urothelial carcinoma (UC) in renal transplantation recipients. The first patient underwent a living-related-donor renal transplantation 24 years prior and presented with back pain, hematuria, and rising creatinine and was found to have a 14 cm mass in the renal allograft with regional lymphadenopathy and liver metastases. Pathology showed UC with small-cell differentiation. The second patient presented with hematuria and rising creatinine and was initially found to have muscle invasive bladder cancer seven years after a deceased donor renal transplantation. Nine months after radical cystectomy, a large 9 cm mass was found on his allograft, for which radical nephrectomy and excision of prior ileal conduit was performed. Pathology showed UC with sarcomatoid differentiation. Short tandem repeat (STR) genotyping confirmed donor-derived origins. Both patient tumors expressed PD-L1 suggesting an additional therapeutic avenue for these rare tumors.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 08:50:00 +000
       
  • Urethral Prolapse Case Report: Surgical and Social Considerations in
           Senegal

    • Abstract: We present three cases of urethral prolapse in prepubertal females in Senegal who presented with vulvar bleeding. Careful gynecologic and urologic physical exams were performed and revealed urethral origin and prolapse. Conservative versus surgical approaches were taken in different patients, but ultimately, each patient received a urethral meatoplasty. Surgical excision of these masses yielded a full recovery in the patients. A careful review of the literature was then undertaken and showed that surgical excision or ligation of the prolapse is preferable to more conservative treatment. The case series article discusses the rare occurrence of urethral prolapse, as well as the epidemiology and prognostic and therapeutic implications of urethral prolapse in prepubertal females. Introduction. Urethral prolapse is a rare condition occurring mostly in young black females. It can be worrying to the parents as it often causes vulvar bleeding. Case Presentation. We present three cases of urethral prolapse in prepubertal females who presented with vulvar bleeding. Physical exams were performed and revealed urethral origin and prolapse. Each patient underwent a urethral meatoplasty and subsequently experienced a full recovery after respective follow-up of 2 years, 1 year, and 1 year. Conclusion. Urethral prolapse is a rare condition which can be managed successfully by surgery. Plain Language Summary. This case report on pediatric urethral prolapse showcases the different presentations and modalities of treatment, as the literature does not show that a specific treatment is always undertaken. In some countries, there are strong social considerations and they demonstrate difficulty separating sexual abuse from genitourinary pathologies, which are important to address in the treatment of these conditions.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Jan 2022 05:05:00 +000
       
  • A Case Report of COVID-19 in a Living Kidney Transplant Recipient: A
           Challenging Case with Complete Rehabilitation

    • Abstract: Adjustment of immunosuppressive and COVID-19 treatment in terms of drug interactions is still challenging. Herein, we report a 45-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease due to autosomal dominant polycystic diseases (ADPKD) with COVID-19 and pulmonary involvement following kidney transplantation. The patient was properly treated by discontinuation of immunosuppressive drugs, bronchoscopy, and high volume of blood transfusions. The fact that we quickly used early intubation and a new treatment regimen that suppressed immune systems may help physicians develop optimal treatment strategies for similar severe cases. However, this treatment method requires more detailed evaluations due to the contradictory results in reviewing other studies.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jan 2022 05:05:00 +000
       
  • Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Level among Renal Transplant Recipients: A Case
           Report from Nepal

    • Abstract: Globally, SARS-CoV-2 has caused significant public health burden, mainly in patients with underlying comorbidities including both communicable and noncommunicable diseases. Solid organ transplant recipients under immunesupressive medication are also amongst the high risk group. There is only sparse data on immunity against SARS-CoV-2 infection among renal transplant recipients. In this case report, we present the level of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody of three kidney transplant recipients after vaccination against COVID-19 virus. All three cases had received two doses of Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine AZD1222 (ChAdOx1). Serological analysis showed protective level of circulating antibodies in the blood of all three cases. Although two out of three patients in the study acquired COVID-19 infection after immunization, they recovered with mild clinical course. Hence, we conclude that despite immune-suppressed status of transplant recipients, COVID-19 vaccination could protect them against severe illness.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Jan 2022 13:35:00 +000
       
 
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