Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8821 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (224 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (121 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (350 journals)
    - CHIROPRACTIC, HOMEOPATHY, OSTEOPATHY (21 journals)
    - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES, EPIDEMIOLOGY (234 journals)
    - DENTISTRY (292 journals)
    - DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY (167 journals)
    - EMERGENCY AND INTENSIVE CRITICAL CARE (127 journals)
    - ENDOCRINOLOGY (151 journals)
    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (44 journals)
    - GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY (192 journals)
    - GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS (143 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (159 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (180 journals)
    - LABORATORY AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE (100 journals)
    - MEDICAL GENETICS (58 journals)
    - MEDICAL SCIENCES (2458 journals)
    - NURSES AND NURSING (372 journals)
    - OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (211 journals)
    - ONCOLOGY (393 journals)
    - OPHTHALMOLOGY AND OPTOMETRY (143 journals)
    - ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (172 journals)
    - OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (83 journals)
    - PATHOLOGY (100 journals)
    - PEDIATRICS (277 journals)
    - PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION (161 journals)
    - PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY (848 journals)
    - RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE (195 journals)
    - RESPIRATORY DISEASES (108 journals)
    - RHEUMATOLOGY (79 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (83 journals)
    - SURGERY (412 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)

UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 159 of 159 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Urological Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.179
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1879-5226 - ISSN (Online) 1879-5234
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [419 journals]
  • Urological Science – On the horizon of rising and improving

    • Authors: Yao-Chi Chuang
      Pages: 1 - 1
      Abstract: Yao-Chi Chuang
      Urological Science 2021 32(1):1-1

      Citation: Urological Science 2021 32(1):1-1
      PubDate: Sat,27 Mar 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_40_21
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Toward a validated diagnostic test with machine learning algorithm for
           interstitial cystitis

    • Authors: Michael B Chancellor, Laura E Lamb
      Pages: 2 - 7
      Abstract: Michael B Chancellor, Laura E Lamb
      Urological Science 2021 32(1):2-7
      Diagnosing interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is difficult as there is no definitive test for IC/BPS. Instead, the diagnosis is based on urinary symptoms and cystoscopy may be recommended. However, cystoscopic diagnosis is associated with potentially exacerbating painful side effects and is highly subjective among physicians. Furthermore, IC/PBS symptoms overlap with symptoms of bladder cancer, urinary tract infection, or overactive bladder. As a result, many patients may go years without a correct diagnosis and proper disease management. The goal of our current IC/BPS research is to develop a simple diagnostic test based on several urine proteins called the IC-risk score (IC-RS). A machine learning (ML) algorithm uses this information to determine if a person has IC/BPS or not; if they have IC/BPS, whether their IC/BPS is characterized by Hunner's lesions. We are currently in the middle of a grant to collect urine samples from 1000 patients with IC/BPS and 1,000 normal controls from across the United States. We are using social media such as Twitter and Facebook and working with patient advocacy organizations to collect urine samples from across the country. We hope to validate the IC-RS and apply for regulatory approval. Having a validated diagnostic test for IC/BPS would be a major advancement to help urology patients. In addition, drug companies developing new drugs and therapies for IC/BPS would have a better way to determine who to include in their clinical trials, and possibly another way to measure if their drug or therapy is effective. We will hereby review the steps that have led us in urine biomarker discovery research from urine protein assessment to use crowdsourcing stakeholders participation to ML algorithm IC-RS score development.
      Citation: Urological Science 2021 32(1):2-7
      PubDate: Sat,27 Mar 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_155_20
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • A step toward precision diagnosis of interstitial cystitis

    • Authors: Hann-Chorng Kuo
      Pages: 8 - 8
      Abstract: Hann-Chorng Kuo
      Urological Science 2021 32(1):8-8

      Citation: Urological Science 2021 32(1):8-8
      PubDate: Sat,27 Mar 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_15_21
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • The associations of genital-normalizing surgery and assigned gender in
           predicting gender outcomes: A pooled nested case study analysis of 282
           adults with differences of sex development in 58 academic articles

    • Authors: Jaimie F Veale
      Pages: 9 - 14
      Abstract: Jaimie F Veale
      Urological Science 2021 32(1):9-14
      Purpose: The purpose was to systematically analyze the associations of childhood gender assignment and genital normalizing surgeries with adult gender in case reports of adults with differences of sex development (DSD). We did this using a pooled nested analysis of DSD adult cases reported in the academic literature. Materials and Methods: A search of academic databases uncovered 282 adult DSD cases reported in 58 academic articles that met the criteria for inclusion in the analysis. These were cases with 46, XX congenital adrenal hyperplasia, partial androgen insensitivity, mixed or partial gonadal dysgenesis, and micropenis where data about the assigned gender, childhood genital-normalizing surgery, and adult gender could be extracted. We conducted a generalized logistic mixed-model regression analysis, with multiple predictors of adult assigned gender incongruence. Results: Controlling for assigned gender, age, year of article publication, and DSD type, childhood genital surgery was not significantly associated with adult assigned gender incongruence. Cases assigned female had more than five times greater likelihood of assigned gender incongruence (95% confidence interval = 1.96–14.92). Conclusion: This study did not find evidence that childhood genital surgery is related to assigned gender incongruence; it also found that assigning a child as a female increased this possibility. These findings may inform decisions taken by clinicians and family members about the early management of DSD cases. The study was limited by publication bias in the types of cases that get published. Ethical considerations should always take precedence in decision-making regarding these surgeries.
      Citation: Urological Science 2021 32(1):9-14
      PubDate: Sat,27 Mar 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_65_20
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Using R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry and preoperative aspects and dimensions
           employed for anatomical classification to evaluate perioperative outcomes
           of renal tumors greater than 4 cm in patients who underwent minimally
           invasive partial nephrectomy in a single center

    • Authors: Hsing-Chia Mai, Chun-Hsien Wu, Yung-Yao Lin, Wade Wei-Ting Kuo, Yen-Hsi Lee, Ryh-Chyr Li, Richard C Wu, Victor C Lin
      Pages: 15 - 22
      Abstract: Hsing-Chia Mai, Chun-Hsien Wu, Yung-Yao Lin, Wade Wei-Ting Kuo, Yen-Hsi Lee, Ryh-Chyr Li, Richard C Wu, Victor C Lin
      Urological Science 2021 32(1):15-22
      Purpose: The R.E.N.A.L. (radius, exophytic/endophytic tumor properties, nearness of tumor to deepest portion of collecting system or sinus, anterior/posterior descriptor, and location relative to the polar line) and preoperative aspects and dimensions used for an anatomical (PADUA) (tumor size and position, relationship with the renal sinus or the urinary collecting system, and the grade of deepness into the kidney) nephrometry scoring systems are frequently used in predicting the perioperative outcomes of nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). Minimally invasive NSS on renal masses beyond 4 cm in diameter remains challenging and may result in the significant complications. We aimed to evaluate the associations of both scoring systems with perioperative outcomes for minimally invasive NSS on renal masses larger than 4 cm in diameter. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients who received robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (PN) or laparoscopic PN for renal tumors larger than 4 cm in diameter in our institution between January 2008 and March 2019. Computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging were the standard cross-section imaging modalities done before surgery and both R.E.N.A.L. and PADUA scores were calculated in every case accordingly. The correlation between each scoring system and the perioperative and renal functional outcomes was analyzed by logistic regression models. Results: A total of 93 cases were enrolled in this study. The mean tumor size was 6.1 ± 2.03 cm in the largest dimension. A higher R.E.N.A.L. score was significantly correlated with longer warm ischemia time (WIT) (r = 0.267, P = 0.021), prolonged hospital stays (r = 0.258, P = 0.013), and poorer renal functional outcome at 1 year (r = 0.421, P = 0.003). Meanwhile, a higher PADUA score was significantly correlated with longer operation time (r = 0.255, P = 0.014), longer WIT (r = 0.278, P = 0.016), and poorer renal function after 1 year (r = 0.615, P < 0.001). Neither scoring system correlated with estimated blood loss (P = 0.510 and 0.5466, respectively). The R.E.N.A.L. score, PADUA score, patient age, body mass index, Charlson comorbidity index, tumor size, and American Society of Anesthesiologists score were not associated with surgical complications as well. Conclusion: Both the R.E.N.A.L. and PADUA scoring systems were associated with WIT and renal functional outcomes, but the latter was more relevant. When performing minimal invasive NSS on renal masses beyond 4 cm, both systems can provide valuable risk stratification, but PADUA was found to be superior in the current study.
      Citation: Urological Science 2021 32(1):15-22
      PubDate: Sat,27 Mar 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_78_20
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • The impact of population lockdown on the referral pattern for urology in a
           COVID-19 designated tertiary hospital in Malaysia

    • Authors: Norshuhada Amat, Eleanor F Philip, Chu Ann Chai, Wei Sien Yeoh, Jasmine Lim, Ahmad Nazran Fadzli, Shanggar Kuppusamy, Teng Aik Ong
      Pages: 23 - 26
      Abstract: Norshuhada Amat, Eleanor F Philip, Chu Ann Chai, Wei Sien Yeoh, Jasmine Lim, Ahmad Nazran Fadzli, Shanggar Kuppusamy, Teng Aik Ong
      Urological Science 2021 32(1):23-26
      Purpose: Once COVID-19 was first reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, it has rapidly spread worldwide. The Malaysian Government had taken an early measure by introducing the movement control order (MCO), which is a form of lockdown. This study aims at describing the referral pattern for urology in a COVID-19 designated tertiary hospital throughout the MCO period. Materials and Methods: All urology referrals received from March 18, 2020 to April 28, 2020 (i.e., during the MCO period) were included and assessed prospectively. For comparison, a retrospective study covering the period from February 1, 2020 to March 17, 2020 (i.e. pre-MCO period) was conducted. Parameters measured and compared include sources of referral, type of cases, outcomes, admission status, and COVID-19 status of patients referred. Results: The majority of referrals for urology were received from the emergency department during MCO (42.9%), followed by the medical ward (28.6%) and surgical ward (2.3%). In terms of the type of cases referred, during the MCO, the highest number of hematuria cases (22.5%) was received and a high number of Benign Prostate Hypertrophy (BPH) and urethral stricture cases (18.8%). Conservative measures remain the most commonly adopted outcomes/management for both pre and during MCO. The number of admissions required for urology referral showed a slight difference between pre and during MCO. Conclusion: The workload of urology referral in a COVID-19 designated tertiary hospital did not change despite MCO. This supports that the urology team still has an important role to play as a subspecialty unit in managing urology emergencies, even when elective surgeries and procedures are being reduced or rescheduled.
      Citation: Urological Science 2021 32(1):23-26
      PubDate: Sat,27 Mar 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_92_20
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Pelvic lymph node dissection using indocyanine green fluorescence
           lymphangiography in robotic assisted radical prostatectomy for non-lymph
           node or distant metastasis prostate cancer patients

    • Authors: Yu-Feng Chuang, Yen-Chuan Ou, Yi-Sheng Lin, Li-Hua Huang, Wei-Chun Weng, Yu-Kang Chang, Hung-Lin Chen, Chao-Yu Hsu, Min-Che Tung, Chin-Heng Lu
      Pages: 27 - 33
      Abstract: Yu-Feng Chuang, Yen-Chuan Ou, Yi-Sheng Lin, Li-Hua Huang, Wei-Chun Weng, Yu-Kang Chang, Hung-Lin Chen, Chao-Yu Hsu, Min-Che Tung, Chin-Heng Lu
      Urological Science 2021 32(1):27-33
      Purpose: The utility of indocyanine green dye (ICG) has evolved significantly to the robotic operations including Robotic Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP). The technology can help the identification of sentinel lymphatic drainage in lymphadenectomy for the majority of prostate cancer (PCa) patients. We describe the potential indications of ICG for lymphadenectomy assistant in PCa patients without lymph node or distant metastasis. Materials and Methods: We prospectively analyzed PCa patients without lymph node or distant metastasis with clinical pathological stage T1c to T3a received RARP from November 2019 to May 2020. The clinical data and pathological data, including Gleason score, tumor volume, pathological stage, and surgical findings, were described. All lymph nodes were divided into ICG positive or negative. All patients were divided into low, moderate, and high risk according to the European Association of Urology PCa risk stratification. Results: Cystoscope-guided intraprostatic injection was performed successively in 34 localized PCa patients in this study. The mean age was 66.1 ± 7.8 years old. The patients' number of high, moderate, and low risk was 18, 10, 6. A total of 447 lymph nodes were identified. Two hundred and sixty-two lymph nodes were ICG positive and 181 lymph nodes were ICG negative. ICG positive rate higher in high risk patients 158/259 (61.0%) compare to intermediate/low risk patients 104/188 (55.3%). There was no statistic significant result, but lymph node could be identified in all ICG-positive tissues. There were 12 patients revealed higher Gleason grade group after RARP and two patients revealed lower Gleason grade group after RARP. There were 18 patients showed upgrade stage after RARP and 4 patients showed down stage after RARP. Conclusion: Cystoscope-guided intraprostatic ICG injection with fluorescence lymphangiography can help identify pelvic lymph nodes in RARP for PCa patients without lymph node or distant metastasis.
      Citation: Urological Science 2021 32(1):27-33
      PubDate: Sat,27 Mar 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_96_20
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Can cavernous nerves be spared after radical prostatectomy?
           Evidence from animal studies

    • Authors: Han-Sun Chiang, Meng-Lin Chang, Yi-No Wu
      Pages: 34 - 39
      Abstract: Han-Sun Chiang, Meng-Lin Chang, Yi-No Wu
      Urological Science 2021 32(1):34-39
      Purpose: The current study aims at evaluating penile erectile function after nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (RP) based on evidence from a reliable animal model. The previous model in which the cavernous nerve (CN) is temporarily crushed is reviewed and compared to the present method of prostate lobes removal near the CN to determine which is more relevant to the clinical situation. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four rats were divided into three groups. One group was subjected to temporary CN crushing, one group was subject to prostate lobes removal near the CN, and the last group was preserved (sham group). All rats were re-examined at 4 weeks after the first surgical procedure. The pathological changes of the CNs were evaluated by their gross appearance and immunohistochemistry. Intracavernosal pressure (ICP) was measured as a parameter of male erectile function. Results: The results of the current study demonstrate that the removal of the prostate lobes near the CN led to the degeneration of CN, even with careful sparing techniques. Four weeks after the first surgical procedure, the rats' abdomens were reopened, and CNs were identified in only 60% of the rats with prostate lobes removal near the CN. Furthermore, the remaining CNs in this group were found to be histologically degenerated, with poorer erectile function presented by ICP. In contrast, the CNs after temporary crush were only mildly injured and demyelinated, with evidence of regeneration. The changes in the rats with prostate lobes removal near the CN are much more similar to those in rats with clinical RP with CN sparing. Conclusion: The current study concluded that, in the rat model, CNs will be injured, degenerated, and eventually disappear after prostate lobes removal near the CN; this is very similar to what is observed in clinical RP. Protection of the CNs for erectile function preservation should be investigated further using this animal model.
      Citation: Urological Science 2021 32(1):34-39
      PubDate: Sat,27 Mar 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_110_20
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Early diagnosis of CYP17A1 compound heterozygous mutations in a 46, XY
           child with disorders of sexual development

    • Authors: Wison Laochareonsuk, Somchit Jaruratanasirikul, Wanwisa Maneechay, Surasak Sangkhathat
      Pages: 40 - 43
      Abstract: Wison Laochareonsuk, Somchit Jaruratanasirikul, Wanwisa Maneechay, Surasak Sangkhathat
      Urological Science 2021 32(1):40-43
      17-Hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency is a rare congenital disorder accounting for 1% of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. This disease is recessively expressed as autosomal inheritance through mutations in the CYP17A1 gene, leading to defective levels of glucocorticoids and sex hormones. Individuals with loss-of-function mutations usually present with phenotypic female genitalia, primary amenorrhea, or hypertension in puberty caused by excessive production of mineralocorticoids. In this report, we describe a girl with CYP17A1 mutations diagnosed even though the pathognomonic symptoms had not developed. Herein, we report a case of a 3-year-old girl who prenatally diagnosed as a 46, XY female. After birth, the baby had normal female-type external genitalia without symptoms. She underwent a gonadectomy at the age of 3 years. To explore the pathogenesis of her condition, her genomic data were reviewed for genes involved in disorders of sexual differentiation (DSDs) using high-throughput sequence data from a whole-exome study. Pathogenic variants causing frameshift mutation involving codon 329 of CYP17A1 and a concomitant missense mutation involving codon 358 of the same gene were detected, mutations which are likely to result in loss of function of the enzyme. Each mutation was inherited from each of the parents, both holding carrier status. In addition, her younger sister (46, XX) acquired those identical variants without any abnormal phenotypical traits. Loss-of-function mutations of CYP17A1 which may cause secondary hypertension are not commonly identified in early life because of the wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and various pathophysiologies, which manifest in different sexes. Affected cases usually present later in life with hypertension or primary amenorrhea. High-throughput sequencing is suggested in DSD cases as it may give a precise diagnosis, enabling a proactive treatment plan and prevention of sequelae that potentially occur in puberty.
      Citation: Urological Science 2021 32(1):40-43
      PubDate: Sat,27 Mar 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_43_20
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 3.92.96.236
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-