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UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (159 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 159 of 159 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
BJUI Compass     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Kidney Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diabetic Nephropathy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Urology Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Urology Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Urologia Internationalis
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.672
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0042-1138 - ISSN (Online) 1423-0399
Published by Karger Homepage  [122 journals]
  • Predictors and Results of Negative Ureteroscopy for Treatment of
           Consecutive Ureteric Stones Done as a Primary Procedure: Prospective
           Outcomes from a University Hospital
    • Abstract: Introduction: While negative ureteroscopy (URS) can be considered as an unnecessary procedure with medico-legal consequences, this avoids radiation from repeat CT scan and sometimes may be the only way to reassure patients with ongoing symptoms. We wanted to analyze our predictors and results of negative URS for treatment of ureteric stones. Methods and Materials: Between March 2012 and August 2018, data on consecutive patients with ureteric stones undergoing a primary URS (without a pre-operative stent) were prospectively collected for patient demographics and outcomes. Comparison was done for patients with diagnostic and therapeutic primary URS for ureteric stones. Patients with renal stones were excluded from the study. Results: A total of 270 patients underwent URS for ureteric stones during the study period of which 35 (13%) had a negative diagnostic URS. The patients who had negative URS were younger (p = 0.001), had smaller stones (p #x3c; 0.001), and more stones located in the distal ureter or vesico-ureteric junction (VUJ; p= 0.036). None of the patients who underwent negative URS had a postoperative stent inserted or any complications. Conclusion: Although the rates of negative URS should be as low as possible, it seems to be safe and reassures patients with on-going symptoms. Based on our data, patients with small distal ureteric or VUJ stones should undergo a repeat imaging to avoid this unnecessary procedure. Informed consent, patient counseling, and appropriate up-to-date imaging seem to be key to minimizing negative diagnostic URS.
      Urol Int
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Jul 2019 15:51:56 +020
  • Cancer Location in Upgrading and Detection after Transperineal
           Template-Guided Mapping Biopsy for Patients in Active Surveillance and
           Negative Transrectal Ultrasonography-Guided Prostate Biopsy
    • Abstract: Objectives: We investigated the efficacy of transperineal template-guided mapping biopsy (TTMB) for patients on active surveillance (AS) or those with previous negative transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS-Bx). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 99 patients on AS and 60 patients with previous negative TRUS-Bx, which is a total of 159 patients who underwent TTMB from May 2017 to January 2019. Cancer location was analyzed with focus on the anterior and apex lesions of the prostate after TTMB. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging was performed before TTMB. Cancer location after TTMB in 138 patients, excluding 21 patients who were not eligible for analysis (4 patients on AS and 17 patients with previous negative TRUS-Bx) was compared with Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSTM v2) score. Factors that may affect detecting cancer after TTMB with previous negative TRUS-Bx was analyzed using a logistic regression model. Results: In AS patients, 29 patients (29.3%) exhibited an upgrade in Gleason score (GS) after TTMB. Among them, 22 patients (75.9%) showed at the anterior or apex lesions. In patients with previous negative TRUS-Bx, 18 patients (30.0%) were diagnosed with prostate cancer. Among them, 13 patients (72.2%) exhibited cancer at the anterior or apex lesion. Among the 25 AS patients with PI-RADSTM score 1–2, 5 patients (20.0%) showed an upgrade in GS. Among the 26 patients with previous negative TRUS-Bx and PI-RADSTM score 1–2, 6 patients (23.1%) had cancer. In multivariate regression model, prostate volume (OR 0.951) was identified as the predictor for a positive biopsy result after TTMB with previous negative TRUS-Bx. Conclusions: TTMB is efficient for patients on AS in the detection of upgraded cancer located in anterior or apex or those with previous negative TRUS-Bx in the detection of anterior or apex cancer. In PI-RADSTM score 1–2, a substantial proportion of patients after experienced upgrade in GS on AS patients or cancer detection on previous negative TRUS-Bx. Moreover, we identified prostate volume is the independent predictor for a positive biopsy result after TTMB with previous negative TRUS-Bx.
      Urol Int
      PubDate: Wed, 03 Jul 2019 13:14:34 +020
  • Bacillus Calmette-Guérin in Immunosuppressed Patient with High-Grade
           Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Carcinoma
    • Abstract: Due to their immunosuppressed status, solid organ transplant recipients are a special group of patients with an incidence of bladder cancer greater than the rest of the population, especially in the first 6 years after transplantation. Also, treatment with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, a reference therapy in nonmuscle invasive high-risk bladder cancer, may be less effective in this group of patients and could cause more adverse effects. However, the data published so far and the experience initiated in the Virgen de la Arrixaca Clinical University Hospital do not support these hypotheses.
      Urol Int
      PubDate: Wed, 03 Jul 2019 13:12:20 +020
  • A Novel Technique to Intelligently Monitor and Control Renal Pelvic
           Pressure during Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
    • Abstract: Objective: To introduce a novel technique for intelligently monitoring and controlling renal pelvic pressure (RPP) in minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) and to investigate its reliability and stability. Materials and Methods: A total of 63 kidney stone patients (41 males and 22 females) were enrolled in the study. The average stone size was 3.7 ± 1.1 cm. The average age was 41.6 ± 15.6 years old. All patients underwent MPCNL under combined spinal and epidural anesthesia in prone position. A ureteral catheter connected to an invasive blood pressure monitor was retrogradely placed to measure renal pelvic outlet pressure. The MPCNL was performed with the aid of the patented device, including an irrigation and suctioning platform and a pressure-measuring suctioning sheath. On the platform, the RPP control value was set at –5 mm Hg, and the RPP warning value was set at 20 mm Hg. RPP was measured during the irrigation and suctioning period (ISP), and therapeutic period (TP) when the infusion flow was set at 300, 400, and 500 mL/min, respectively, for 5 min. Results: Sixty-three patients successfully underwent the procedure without serious complications. The mean operative time was 67 min (range 31–127 min). Three patients had residual stones #x3e;2 mm in size. No statistical significance was observed between the renal pelvic outlet pressure, platform RPP values, and RPP control values for the 300, 400, and 500 mL/min groups during the ISP and TP (p #x3e; 0.05). Conclusion: The patented devices including the platform and the sheath can reliably and stably monitor and control RPP in real time and within a safe range during MPCNL.
      Urol Int
      PubDate: Wed, 03 Jul 2019 11:46:03 +020
  • Preoperative Thrombocytosis in Patients Undergoing Radical Cystectomy for
           Urothelial Cancer of the Bladder: An Independent Prognostic Parameter for
           an Impaired Oncological Outcome
    • Abstract: Background: Preoperative thrombocytosis (PTC) is frequently observed in various solid malignancies and often associated with an unfavourable oncological outcome. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of PTC in patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) for urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the bladder on the oncological prognosis and additionally on perioperative blood transfusions (PBT). Method: A retrospective analysis of 866 patients undergoing RC in a tertiary care centre was performed. PTC was defined as a platelet count #x3e;400 G/L. A chi-square test and Mann-Whitney test were used to investigate the association of PTC with categorical clinicopathological variables. A logrank test and multivariable Cox regression analyses were used to assess the association of PTC with cancer-specific survival. Results: PTC was detected in 8% (n = 67) of the patients and was significantly associated with muscle invasion (p = 0.004), advanced tumour stages (p = 0.003) and nodal metastases (p #x3c; 0.001) and with a higher rate of PBT (p#x3c; 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, PTC was significantly related to poor oncological survival (hazard ratio 2.23, 95% CI 1.51–3.30, p #x3c; 0.001). Conclusion: PTC is significantly associated with an impaired oncological outcome in patients undergoing RC for UC. PTC therefore represents an independent and easy to determine prognostic parameter for patients’ oncological outcome. Intriguingly, PTC is significantly associated with an increased rate of PBT.
      Urol Int
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Jun 2019 13:29:18 +020
  • Laparoscopic Partial versus Total Adrenalectomy in Nonhereditary
           Unilateral Adrenal Masses
    • Abstract: Objective: To compare the surgical outcomes and clinical improvement 1 year after laparoscopic partial and total adrenalectomy for the treatment of patients with nonhereditary unilateral functional adrenal adenomas. Material and Methods: From March 2016 to January 2018, we performed 15 laparoscopic partial adrenalectomy (LPA; Group 1) and 25 laparoscopic total adrenalectomy (LTA; Group 2) procedures. The key points reside in adenoma identification, preservation of the remaining glandular parenchyma, and its blood supply with dissection in the space between the adenoma and the normal parenchyma. The operative and clinical outcomes were compered. Results: The mean age of the patients was 45.1 (17–69) years and the median follow-up was 15 (12–26) months. Operative time, blood loss, and hospital stay were similar between the groups. No major perioperative and postoperative complications occurred. After surgery, all patients had resolution of their symptoms, with no patient in Group 1 requiring steroid replacement. However, a patient in Group 2 required steroid replacement therapy. On postoperative imaging, no residual and recurrent mass was detected. Conclusions: Our results showed that LPA is safe and feasible, and has similar therapeutic results compared with LTA in patients with a nonhereditary hormonally active unilateral adrenal mass. Furthermore, LPA can obviate the need for steroid replacement in these patients.
      Urol Int
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Jun 2019 13:12:00 +020
  • A Prediction Model of Operation Efficacy Using Protruding Prostate Lobe
           Volume in Patients Who Are Candidates for Transurethral Resection of
    • Abstract: Purpose: To create a prediction model that could preoperatively measure the success of the transurethral prostate resection (TURP) because of bladder outlet obstruction. Methods: Patients aged 50–80 years applied with TURP were examined prospectively and evaluated in respect of the preoperative and postoperative values of maximum flow rate (Qmax), international prostate symptom score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL) score and post-voiding residual (PVR) urine amount. On the preoperative transabdominal ultrasonography, total prostate volume (TPV), and protruding prostate lobe volume (PPLV) were measured and the protruding ratio (PR), as the ratio of PPLV to TPV, was calculated. Based on the mean of the preoperative and postoperative Qmax difference (Qmax-D) value, Group 1 (n = 33) was defined as “low efficacy” and Group 2 (n = 30) as “high efficacy”. Results: A correlation was determined between the QMax-D, IPSS difference, PVR difference, and QoL difference measured for the efficacy of the operation, and TPV, PPLV and PR. The results of multivariate analysis showed the main effect to be created by PR (p = 0.000; OR 1.596). In the evaluation with receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of high efficacy obtained in the TURP, a significantly powerful effect of the measurements of PPLV area under curve (AUC 0.922 [0.855–0.989] p= 0.000) and PR (AUC 0.954 [0.982–1.000] p = 0.000) was determined. The cutoff value of 11.5 was detected for PR. Efficacy sensitivity and the positive predictive values were recorded as 93.3%, and specificity and negative predictive value as 93.9%. Conclusion: When determining candidate patients for TURP surgery, measurements of the PPLV and especially the PR should be taken into consideration in the preoperative prediction of efficacy.
      Urol Int
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Jun 2019 13:07:58 +020
  • Comparison of the Upgrading Rates of International Society of Urological
           Pathology Grades and Tumor Laterality in Patients Undergoing Standard
    • Abstract: Background: Histopathological discrepancies between biopsy and radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens may lead to unnecessary, excessive, or incomplete treatment in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. Objectives: To compare the upgrading rates of International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grades and tumor laterality in patients that underwent standard 12-core transrectal ultrasound-guided standard prostate biopsy (SPB) versus multiparametric magnetic resonance-guided fusion prostate biopsy (FPB) for PCa. Methods: This retrospective study included 152 patients that underwent prostate biopsy and RP in our clinic. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Group A (n = 90) included patients that underwent SPB and Group B (n = 62) included patients that underwent FPB (targeted biopsy + standard biopsy). Upgrading of ISUP grades, tumor laterality, and upgrading of tumor laterality were compared between the 2 groups. Upgrading of tumor laterality defined as detection of tumor at both lobes in RP pathology while it was at unilateral lobe in biopsy pathology. Results: ISUP grade 1 was the most common histopathology in both groups. The ISUP upgrading rate on final pathology was significantly lower in the FPB group compared to the SPB group (22.7 vs. 37.7%; p #x3c; 0.048). Similarly, the upgrading rate of tumor laterality was lower in the FPB group compared to the SPB group (37.7 vs. 9.7%; p #x3c; 0.001). Conclusion: The results suggested that FPB can provide more accurate results compared to SPB.
      Urol Int
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Jun 2019 13:07:24 +020
  • Urology on Display: Museum, Library and Archives of the DGU
    • Abstract: Within a modern changing academic society, it has become necessary and important for scientific collections and museums as decentralized infrastructures for research, teaching, and education, to define and redefine their missions, their goals, their functions, and their strategies to reflect the expectations of a changing society and the academic world, especially museums of scientific associations as possessing critical resources. For example, the dues of the members are on task for education and promotion of the specials values of these communities under aspects of historical marketing and corporate museums which promote heritage.
      Urol Int
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Jun 2019 15:30:34 +020
  • No Treatment Required for Asymptomatic Vaginal Mesh Exposure
    • Abstract: Introduction: There is no specific recommendation for the management of asymptomatic vaginal mesh erosions post antiincontinence or prolapse surgery, but revision or excision may represent overtreatment. We hypothesize that asymptomatic vaginal exposures remain asymptomatic during follow-up and do not require any intervention. Methods: We evaluated a “no treatment” approach by prospectively following-up women with asymptomatic vaginal exposures after antiincontinence and pelvic organ prolapse surgery. After a 1-month course of vaginal oestrogen, they underwent the “wait and see” protocol. It consisted of no treatment. Women were followed-up every 3 months, for the first year and then every 6 months with history, clinical examination with measurement of size of the exposure, and the evaluation of possible infection signs or vaginal discharge. Results: Forty women were followed-up for a median of 33.52 months (range 8–48 months). All exposures were ≤1 cm (mean 6.5 ± 1.5 mm, range 4–10 mm), patients were asymptomatic and without pain. During the observation period, the size of the exposure did not change and all women remained asymptomatic. Discussion/Conclusion: No treatment seems to be required for asymptomatic and small vaginal mesh exposures after prolapse or incontinence surgery.
      Urol Int
      PubDate: Fri, 21 Jun 2019 11:03:59 +020
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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