Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8677 journals)
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ANAESTHESIOLOGY (120 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 120 of 120 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
African Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Ain-Shams Journal of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ain-Shams Journal of Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambulatory Anesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 71)
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Anaesthesia Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Anaesthesia, Pain & Intensive Care     Open Access  
Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anestesia Analgesia Reanimación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anestesia en México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anesthesia & Analgesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 270)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Anesthesia Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anesthesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 231)
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
BDJ Team     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Anaesthesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BJA : British Journal of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 241)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
BMC Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (Edicion en espanol)     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Pain (BrJP)     Open Access  
British Journal of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Journal of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology : Revista Colombiana de Anestesiología     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Anaesthesia & Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Current Anesthesiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Current Pain and Headache Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Der Anaesthesist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Der Schmerz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Der Schmerzpatient     Hybrid Journal  
Douleur et Analgésie     Hybrid Journal  
Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
EMC - Anestesia-Reanimación     Hybrid Journal  
EMC - Anestesia-Rianimazione     Hybrid Journal  
EMC - Urgenze     Full-text available via subscription  
European Journal of Anaesthesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
European Journal of Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
European Journal of Pain Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Headache The Journal of Head and Face Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Indian Journal of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Anesthesiology Clinics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Clinical Anesthesia and Research     Open Access  
Itch & Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JA Clinical Reports     Open Access  
Journal Club Schmerzmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Anesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Anesthesia History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Anesthesiology and Clinical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Anesthesia     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Anesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Headache and Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Journal of Pain Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Society of Anesthesiologists of Nepal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Bangladesh Society of Anaesthesiologists     Open Access  
Jurnal Anestesi Perioperatif     Open Access  
Jurnal Anestesiologi Indonesia     Open Access  
Karnataka Anaesthesia Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Le Praticien en Anesthésie Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Local and Regional Anesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Medical Gas Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Medycyna Paliatywna w Praktyce     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
OA Anaesthetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Anesthesia Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Pain Clinic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pain Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Pain Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Pain Research and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Pain Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pain Studies and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research and Opinion in Anesthesia and Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Chilena de Anestesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Anestesiología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Anestesiología y Reanimación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista da Sociedade Portuguesa de Anestesiologia     Open Access  
Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Scandinavian Journal of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Sri Lankan Journal of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Survey of Anesthesiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Topics in Pain Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Number of Followers: 61  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0304-3959 - ISSN (Online) 1872-6623
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [301 journals]
  • The mindful migraine: does mindfulness-based stress reduction relieve
           episodic migraine'
    • Authors: Napadow; Vitaly
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Pain, nicotine, and tobacco smoking: current state of the science
    • Authors: LaRowe; Lisa R.; Ditre, Joseph W.
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Considering the potential for an increase in chronic pain after the
           COVID-19 pandemic
    • Authors: Clauw; Daniel J.; Häuser, Winfried; Cohen, Steven P.; Fitzcharles, Mary-Ann
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • The efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions in acute pain: a
           systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Shires; Alice; Sharpe, Louise; Davies, Jonathan N.; Newton-John, Toby R.O.
      Abstract: imageRecent meta-analyses have shown mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) to be effective for chronic pain, but no pooled estimates of the effect of MBIs on acute pain are available. This meta-analysis was conducted to fill that gap. A literature search was conducted in 4 databases. Articles were eligible if they reported on randomized controlled trials of MBIs for people with acute pain and one of the following outcomes: pain severity, pain threshold, pain tolerance, or pain-related distress. Two authors independently extracted the data, assessed risk of bias, and provided GRADE ratings. Twenty-two studies were included. There was no evidence of an effect of MBIs on the primary outcome of pain severity in clinical {Hedges' g = 0.52; (95% confidence interval [CI] −0.241 to 1.280)} or experimental settings (Hedges' g = 0.04; 95% CI [−0.161 to 0.247]). There was a beneficial effect of MBIs on pain tolerance (Hedges' g = 0.68; 95% CI [0.157-1.282]) and pain threshold (Hedges' g = 0.72; 95% CI [0.210-1.154]) in experimental studies. There was no evidence of an effect of MBIs compared to control for pain-related distress in clinical (Hedges' g = 0.16; 95% CI [−0.018 to 0.419]) or experimental settings (Hedges' g = 0.44; 95% CI [−0.164 to 0.419]). GRADE assessment indicated that except for pain tolerance, the data were of low or very low quality. There is moderate evidence that MBIs are efficacious in increasing pain tolerance and weak evidence for pain threshold. However, there is an absence of good-quality evidence for the efficacy of MBIs for reducing the pain severity or pain-related distress in either clinical or experimental settings.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Patients' experience with and perspectives on neuromodulation for pain: a
           systematic review of the qualitative research literature
    • Authors: McCarron; Tamara L.; MacKean, Gail; Dowsett, Laura E.; Saini, Manik; Clement, Fiona
      Abstract: imageChronic pain has far-reaching impacts on a person's life and on society more broadly. After failure or intolerance of conservative treatments, neuromodulation may be an option for a subgroup of patients. However, little is known about the patient experience of neuromodulation. We conducted a systematic review of published qualitative research on patient experience with neuromodulation for chronic pain. Four databases were searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Psych INFO, and all EMB reviews, from inception to December 4, 2019. We used narrative synthesis to identify key findings from the included studies. The data were qualitatively analyzed using a modified constant comparative analysis to identify key themes across the studies. Seven thousand five hundred forty-two unique citations were retrieved. Sixty-four abstracts were selected by the reviewers and continued to full-text review. After full-text review, 57 studies were excluded with 7 studies included in this systematic review. The included studies were of high quality. Four broad themes emerged: (1) living with chronic pain, (2) expectations, (3) managing challenges, and (4) regaining normalcy. Neuromodulation should be part of an overall pain management plan that may include the need for ongoing emotional and psychosocial support. A deeper knowledge of the patient experience with neuromodulation will assist care teams in providing meaningful support to patients. The results of this study suggest that further research is needed to support neuromodulation as an option for patients living with chronic pain.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • “No one wants to look after the fibro patient”. Understanding models,
           and patient perspectives, of care for fibromyalgia: reviews of current
    • Authors: Doebl; Stefanie; Macfarlane, Gary J.; Hollick, Rosemary J.
      Abstract: imageFibromyalgia is a common and complex long-term pain condition. Despite advancements in our understanding and treatment of fibromyalgia, patients report patchy health care provision and frustrating journeys through the health care system. To inform how best to deliver care, we undertook 2 narrative reviews examining existing evidence on (1) models of care for fibromyalgia and (2) patients' experiences, preferences, and unmet needs regarding their health care. Seven databases were systematically searched. Quantitative data was narratively synthesised and qualitative data thematically analysed. No evidence-based model of care covering the patient journey through the entire health care system was identified. Limited evidence suggests no clear benefit for ongoing care in secondary care settings. Patients with fibromyalgia report difficult interactions with the health care system that might equally be expressed by those with other long-term conditions, such as inconsistent and poorly coordinated care. However, they also face unique problems; fibromyalgia was often not viewed as a real condition, resulting in difficult encounters with health care staff, in particular not feeling believed or listened to. Significant delays in diagnosis were commonplace. Positive care experiences such as being listened to and shared decision-making made patients feeling better informed, well supported, and more satisfied. There is little evidence to inform how best to organise health care for patients with fibromyalgia and ensure care is delivered in a coordinated and consistent way. These findings provide a strong rationale for developing a new model of care for fibromyalgia.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Molecular, circuit, and anatomical changes in the prefrontal cortex in
           chronic pain
    • Authors: Shiers; Stephanie; Price, Theodore J.
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Regulatory T cells counteract neuropathic pain through inhibition of the
           Th1 response at the site of peripheral nerve injury
    • Authors: Davoli-Ferreira; Marcela; de Lima, Kalil A.; Fonseca, Miriam M.; Guimarães, Rafaela M.; Gomes, Francisco I.; Cavallini, Maria C.; Quadros, Andreza U.; Kusuda, Ricardo; Cunha, Fernando Q.; Alves-Filho, Jose C.; Cunha, Thiago M.
      Abstract: imageThe inflammatory/immune response at the site of peripheral nerve injury participates in the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain. Nevertheless, little is known about the local regulatory mechanisms underlying peripheral nerve injury that counteracts the development of pain. Here, we investigated the contribution of regulatory T (Treg) cells to the development of neuropathic pain by using a partial sciatic nerve ligation model in mice. We showed that Treg cells infiltrate and proliferate in the site of peripheral nerve injury. Local Treg cells suppressed the development of neuropathic pain mainly through the inhibition of the CD4+ Th1 response. Treg cells also indirectly reduced neuronal damage and neuroinflammation at the level of the sensory ganglia. Finally, we identified IL-10 signaling as an intrinsic mechanism by which Treg cells counteract neuropathic pain development. These results revealed Treg cells as important inhibitory modulators of the immune response at the site of peripheral nerve injury that restrains the development of neuropathic pain. In conclusion, the boosting of Treg cell function/activity might be explored as a possible interventional approach to reduce neuropathic pain development after peripheral nerve damage.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Transcribed ultraconserved noncoding RNA uc.153 is a new player in
           neuropathic pain
    • Authors: Zhang; Chenjing; Peng, Yunan; Wang, Yin; Xu, Hongjiao; Zhou, Xuelong
      Abstract: imageTranscribed ultraconserved regions are a novel class of long noncoding RNAs and are completely conserved in humans, rats, and mice. Transcribed ultraconserved regions have been implicated in diverse biological processes; however, very little is currently known about their role in pain modulation. Here, we found that the level of the spinal transcribed ultraconserved region uc.153 was significantly increased in a mouse model of sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI)-induced chronic neuropathic pain. The knockdown of spinal uc.153 prevented and reversed chronic constriction injury–induced pain behaviours and spinal neuronal sensitization. By contrast, the overexpression of spinal uc.153 produced pain behaviours and neuronal sensitization in naive mice. Moreover, we found that uc.153 participates in the regulation of neuropathic pain by negatively modulating the processing of pre-miR-182-5p. Collectively, our findings reveal an important role for uc.153 in pain modulation and provide a novel drug target for neuropathic pain therapy.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Efficacy and safety of propranolol for treatment of temporomandibular
           disorder pain: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial
    • Authors: Tchivileva; Inna E.; Hadgraft, Holly; Lim, Pei Feng; Di Giosia, Massimiliano; Ribeiro-Dasilva, Margarete; Campbell, John H.; Willis, Janet; James, Robert; Herman-Giddens, Marcus; Fillingim, Roger B.; Ohrbach, Richard; Arbes, Samuel J. Jr; Slade, Gary D.
      Abstract: imagePropranolol is a nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist. A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase 2b trial enrolled participants aged 18 to 65 years with temporomandibular disorder myalgia to evaluate efficacy and safety of propranolol compared with placebo in reducing facial pain. Participants were randomized 1:1 to either extended-release propranolol hydrochloride (60 mg, BID) or placebo. The primary endpoint was change in facial pain index (FPI = facial pain intensity multiplied by facial pain duration, divided by 100). Efficacy was analyzed as a mean change in FPI from randomization to week 9 and as the proportion of participants with ≥30% or ≥50% reductions in FPI at week 9. Regression models tested for treatment-group differences adjusting for study site, sex, race, and FPI at randomization. Of 299 participants screened, 200 were randomized; 199 had at least one postrandomization FPI measurement and were included in intention-to-treat analysis. At week 9, model-adjusted reductions in mean FPI did not differ significantly between treatment groups (−1.8, 95% CL: −6.2, 2.6; P = 0.41). However, the proportion with a ≥30% reduction in FPI was significantly greater for propranolol (69.0%) than placebo (52.6%), and the associated number-needed-to-treat was 6.1 (P = 0.03). Propranolol was likewise efficacious for a ≥50% reduction in FPI (number-needed-to-treat = 6.1, P = 0.03). Adverse event rates were similar between treatment groups, except for more frequent fatigue, dizziness, and sleep disorder in the propranolol group. Propranolol was not different from placebo in reducing mean FPI but was efficacious in achieving ≥30% and ≥50% FPI reductions after 9 weeks of treatment among temporomandibular disorder participants.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Increasing gender differences in the prevalence and chronification of
           orofacial pain in the population
    • Authors: Häggman-Henrikson; Birgitta; Liv, Per; Ilgunas, Aurelia; Visscher, Corine M.; Lobbezoo, Frank; Durham, Justin; Lövgren, Anna
      Abstract: imageAlthough a fluctuating pattern of orofacial pain across the life span has been proposed, data on its natural course are lacking. The longitudinal course of orofacial pain in the general population was evaluated using data from routine dental check-ups at all Public Dental Health services in Västerbotten, Sweden. In a large population sample, 2 screening questions were used to identify individuals with pain once a week or more in the orofacial area. Incidence and longitudinal course of orofacial pain were evaluated using annual data for 2010 to 2017. To evaluate predictors for orofacial pain remaining over time, individuals who reported pain on at least 2 consecutive dental check-ups were considered persistent. A generalized estimating equation model was used to analyze the prevalence, accounting for repeated observations on the same individuals. In total, 180,308 individuals (equal gender distribution) were examined in 525,707 dental check-ups. More women than men reported orofacial pain (odds ratio 2.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.48-2.68), and there was a significant increase in the prevalence of reported pain from 2010 to 2017 in both women and men. Longitudinal data for 135,800 individuals were available for incidence analysis. Women were at higher risk of both developing orofacial pain (incidence rate ratio 2.37; 95% CI 2.25-2.50) and reporting pain in consecutive check-ups (incidence rate ratio 2.56; 95% CI 2.29-2.87). In the northern Swedish population studied, the prevalence of orofacial pain increases over time and more so in women, thus indicating increasing differences in gender for orofacial pain.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Gender differences in attention to pain body postures in a social context:
           a novel use of the bodies in the crowd task
    • Authors: Walsh; Joseph; Eccleston, Christopher; Keogh, Edmund
      Abstract: imagePain signals the presence of potential harm, captures attention, and can inhibit performance on concurrent tasks. What is less well known, however, is whether such attentional capture also occurs in a wider social context, such as when observing people in pain. To explore this possibility, we adopted a novel social-cue detection methodology: the bodies-in-the-crowd task. Two experiments are reported that consider whether nonverbal cues of pain, happiness, and anger as expressed through body postures would capture and hold attention. Both experiments recruited 40 (20 male and 20 female) pain-free individuals. Overall, results show that pain postures do not capture attention any more than happiness or anger postures, but disengagement from pain postures was significantly slower across both studies. Gender differences were also found, and were more likely to be found when crowds comprised both men and women. Male pain postures were more likely to capture attention. However, female observers had faster target detection speed, and were quicker to disengage from distractors. They also showed slower disengagement from female expressions overall. Male observers showed no variation based on target or distractor gender. Implications and potential directions for future research are discussed.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Structural abnormalities in the temporalis musculo-aponeurotic complex in
           chronic muscular temporomandibular disorders
    • Authors: Moayedi; Massieh; Krishnamoorthy, Gaurav; He, Pei-Yuan (Tony; Agur, Anne; Weissman-Fogel, Irit; Tenenbaum, Howard C.; Lam, Ernest W.N.; Davis, Karen D.; Henderson, Luke; Cioffi, Iacopo
      Abstract: imageSome forms of chronic pain are thought to be driven and maintained by nociceptive input, which can drive plasticity within nociceptive pathways. We have previously identified abnormalities along the entire nociceptive pathway in chronic myalgic temporomandibular disorders (mTMD), including the trigeminal nerves, brainstem pathways, and in the thalamus and somatosensory cortex. These data suggest that there is a peripheral nociceptive drive in mTMD, but the source of this nociceptive activity remains unknown. Here, our aim was to determine whether structural abnormalities exist in the muscles of mastication of patients with chronic mTMD. Specifically, we tested whether the volume of the temporalis muscle and its tendon–aponeurosis complex (TAC, a structure that dissipates forces in a muscle) in mTMD patients differ compared to age- and sex-matched controls. To do so, we segmented these structures on T1-weighted structural magnetic resonance images. We found that muscle volumes in mTMD were not different to controls. However, the mTMD group had significantly smaller volumes of the bilateral temporalis TAC, and thus a smaller TAC-to-muscle volume ratio. These findings were consistent across 2 independent cohorts of 17 mTMD patients, compared to 17 age- and sex-matched controls. We propose a model where reduced TAC-to-muscle ratio could result in a predisposition to muscle tissue injury. In sum, abnormalities of the temporalis muscles in mTMD supports our hypothesis that chronic mTMD pathophysiology may be related to peripheral nociceptive barrage originating from the muscles of mastication.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Heat shock protein 90 inhibitors block the antinociceptive effects of
           opioids in mouse chemotherapy-induced neuropathy and cancer bone pain
    • Authors: Stine; Carrie; Coleman, Deziree L.; Flohrschutz, Austin T.; Thompson, Austen L.; Mishra, Sanket; Blagg, Brian S.; Largent-Milnes, Tally M.; Lei, Wei; Streicher, John M.
      Abstract: imageHeat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a ubiquitous signal transduction regulator, and Hsp90 inhibitors are in clinical development as cancer therapeutics. However, there have been very few studies on the impact of Hsp90 inhibitors on pain or analgesia, a serious concern for cancer patients. We previously found that Hsp90 inhibitors injected into the brain block opioid-induced antinociception in tail flick, paw incision, and HIV neuropathy pain. This study extended from that initial work to test the cancer-related clinical impact of Hsp90 inhibitors on opioid antinociception in cancer-induced bone pain in female BALB/c mice and chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in male and female CD-1 mice. Mice were treated with Hsp90 inhibitors (17-AAG, KU-32) by the intracerebroventricular, intrathecal, or intraperitoneal routes, and after 24 hours, pain behaviors were evaluated after analgesic drug treatment. Heat shock protein 90 inhibition in the brain or systemically completely blocked morphine and oxymorphone antinociception in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy; this effect was partly mediated by decreased ERK and JNK MAPK activation and by increased protein translation, was not altered by chronic treatment, and Hsp90 inhibition had no effect on gabapentin antinociception. We also found that the Hsp90 isoform Hsp90α and the cochaperone Cdc37 were responsible for the observed changes in opioid antinociception. By contrast, Hsp90 inhibition in the spinal cord or systemically partially reduced opioid antinociception in cancer-induced bone pain. These results demonstrate that Hsp90 inhibitors block opioid antinociception in cancer-related pain, suggesting that Hsp90 inhibitors for cancer therapy could decrease opioid treatment efficacy.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Physical disuse contributes to widespread chronic mechanical hyperalgesia,
           tactile allodynia, and cold allodynia through neurogenic inflammation and
           spino-parabrachio-amygdaloid pathway activation
    • Authors: Ohmichi; Yusuke; Ohmichi, Mika; Tashima, Ryoichi; Osuka, Koji; Fukushige, Kaori; Kanikowska, Dominika; Fukazawa, Yugo; Yawo, Hiromu; Tsuda, Makoto; Naito, Munekazu; Nakano, Takashi
      Abstract: imagePhysical disuse could lead to a state of chronic pain typified by complex regional pain syndrome type I due to fear of pain through movement (kinesiophobia) or inappropriate resting procedures. However, the mechanisms by which physical disuse is associated with acute/chronic pain and other pathological signs remain unresolved. We have previously reported that inflammatory signs, contractures, disuse muscle atrophy, spontaneous pain-like behaviors, and chronic widespread mechanical hyperalgesia based on central plasticity occurred after 2 weeks of cast immobilization in chronic post-cast pain (CPCP) rat model. In this study, we also demonstrated dystrophy-like changes, both peripheral nociceptive signals and activation of the central pain pathway in CPCP rats. This was done by the following methods: (1) vascular permeability (Evans blue dye) and inflammatory- and oxidative stress-related messenger RNA changes (real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction); (2) immunofluorescence of pERK and/or c-Fos expression in the spino-parabrachio-amygdaloid pathway; and (3) blockade of nociceptive-related signals using sciatic nerve block. Furthermore, we demonstrated tactile allodynia using an optogenetic method in a transgenic rat line (W-TChR2V4), cold allodynia using the acetone test, and activation of dorsal horn neurons in the chronic phase associated with chronic mechanical hyperalgesia using c-Fos immunofluorescence. In addition, we showed that nociceptive signals in the acute phase are involved in chronic pathological pain-like behaviors by studying the effects of sciatic nerve block. Thus, we conclude that physical disuse contributes to dystrophy-like changes, spontaneous pain-like behavior, and chronic widespread pathological pain-like behaviors in CPCP rats after 2 weeks of cast immobilization.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Hippocampal glutamatergic synapses impairment mediated novel-object
           recognition dysfunction in rats with neuropathic pain
    • Authors: Xiong; Bingrui; Zhang, Wen; Zhang, Longqing; Huang, Xian; Zhou, Wenchang; Zou, Qian; Manyande, Anne; Wang, Jie; Tian, Yuke; Tian, Xuebi
      Abstract: imageCognitive impairment is one of the most common complications associated with chronic pain. Almost 20% of chronic pain patients suffer from cognitive impairment, which may substantially influence their quality of life. Levels of major excitatory neurotransmitters in the central nervous system and alterations in the glutamatergic system may influence cognitive function and the pain sensory pathway. In this study, we adopted the spared nerve injury model to establish the progress of chronic pain and investigated the mechanism underlying the cognitive aspect related to it. At behavioral level, using the novel-object recognition test, mechanical hypersensitivity was observed in peripheral nerve-injured rats because they exhibited recognition deficits. We showed a dramatic decrease in hippocampal glutamate concentration using nuclear magnetic resonance and reduced glutamatergic synaptic transmission using whole-cell recordings. These were associated with deficient hippocampal long-term potentiation induced by high-frequency stimulation of the Schaffer collateral afferent. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography revealed lower levels of D-serine in the hippocampus of the spared nerve injury rats and that D-serine treatment could restore synaptic plasticity and cognitive dysfunction. The reduction of excitatory synapses was also increased by administering D-serine. These findings suggest that chronic pain has a critical effect on synaptic plasticity linked to cognitive function and may built up a new target for the development of cognitive impairment under chronic pain conditions.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Enhanced mindfulness-based stress reduction in episodic migraine: a
           randomized clinical trial with magnetic resonance imaging outcomes
    • Authors: Seminowicz; David A.; Burrowes, Shana A.B.; Kearson, Alexandra; Zhang, Jing; Krimmel, Samuel R.; Samawi, Luma; Furman, Andrew J.; Keaser, Michael L.; Gould, Neda F.; Magyari, Trish; White, Linda; Goloubeva, Olga; Goyal, Madhav; Peterlin, B. Lee; Haythornthwaite, Jennifer A.
      Abstract: imageWe aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an enhanced mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR+) vs stress management for headache (SMH). We performed a randomized, assessor-blind, clinical trial of 98 adults with episodic migraine recruited at a single academic center comparing MBSR+ (n = 50) with SMH (n = 48). MBSR+ and SMH were delivered weekly by group for 8 weeks, then biweekly for another 8 weeks. The primary clinical outcome was reduction in headache days from baseline to 20 weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes included activity of left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and cognitive task network during cognitive challenge, resting state connectivity of right dorsal anterior insula to DLPFC and cognitive task network, and gray matter volume of DLPFC, dorsal anterior insula, and anterior midcingulate. Secondary outcomes were headache-related disability, pain severity, response to treatment, migraine days, and MRI whole-brain analyses. Reduction in headache days from baseline to 20 weeks was greater for MBSR+ (7.8 [95% CI, 6.9-8.8] to 4.6 [95% CI, 3.7-5.6]) than for SMH (7.7 [95% CI 6.7-8.7] to 6.0 [95% CI, 4.9-7.0]) (P = 0.04). Fifty-two percent of the MBSR+ group showed a response to treatment (50% reduction in headache days) compared with 23% in the SMH group (P = 0.004). Reduction in headache-related disability was greater for MBSR+ (59.6 [95% CI, 57.9-61.3] to 54.6 [95% CI, 52.9-56.4]) than SMH (59.6 [95% CI, 57.7-61.5] to 57.5 [95% CI, 55.5-59.4]) (P = 0.02). There were no differences in clinical outcomes at 52 weeks or MRI outcomes at 20 weeks, although changes related to cognitive networks with MBSR+ were observed. Enhanced mindfulness-based stress reduction is an effective treatment option for episodic migraine.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Individual variability and sex differences in conditioned pain modulation
           and the impact of resilience, and conditioning stimulus pain
           unpleasantness and salience
    • Authors: Firouzian; Shahrzad; Osborne, Natalie R.; Cheng, Joshua C.; Kim, Junseok A.; Bosma, Rachael L.; Hemington, Kasey S.; Rogachov, Anton; Davis, Karen D.
      Abstract: imageDistinct pain experiences are shaped both by personal attributes and characteristics of noxious stimuli. An Individual's capacity for endogenous pain inhibition (reflected by conditioned pain modulation [CPM]), their resilience, and the pain unpleasantness and salience of painful stimuli can impact their pain perception. Here, we aimed to determine how individual variability in CPM relates to sex and resilience as personal attributes, and pain unpleasantness and salience of the CPM conditioning stimulus (CS). We evaluated CPM in 106 healthy participants (51 female and 55 male) based on the change in test stimulus pain applied concurrently with a painful CS, both delivered by painful heat. The CS reduced test stimulus pain in only half of the participants (CPM subgroup), but did not do so for the other half (no-CPM subgroup), many who exhibited pain facilitation. A regression model explained CPM effects after accounting for sex, resilience, CS pain unpleasantness and salience. In the CPM subgroup regression model, the CPM effect was positively related to CS pain unpleasantness, while the CPM effect was not related to any variable in the no-CPM subgroup model. Correlation analyses revealed that the CPM effect was anticorrelated with resilience in males with no-CPM. The CPM effect was correlated with CS pain unpleasantness in males with CPM and in females with no-CPM. The CPM effect and CS salience were correlated in the whole group more strongly than in the subgroups. These data reveal that the complexity of contributors to CPM variability include both personal attributes and attributes of the CS.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Sex differences in the development of anxiodepressive-like behavior of
           mice subjected to sciatic nerve cuffing
    • Authors: Cardenas; Andrea; Caniglia, John; Keljalic, Denis; Dimitrov, Eugene
      Abstract: imageWe investigated the contribution of nucleus locus ceruleus (LC) to the development of pain-associated affective behavior. Mice of both sexes were subjected to sciatic nerve cuffing, a model of peripheral nerve injury, and monitored for 45 days. Although the thermal and mechanical thresholds were equally decreased in both males and females, only the male mice developed anxiodepressive-like behavior, which was complemented by suppressed hippocampal neurogenesis. Furthermore, the LC activity was lower in males when compared with females subjected to sciatic cuffing. Next, we used a chemogenetic approach to modulate the activity of LC projections to the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in females without cuffs and in males with sciatic cuffs. Sustained inhibition of the LC projections to the dentate gyrus for 15 days induced anxiodepressive-like behavior and reduced the hippocampal neurogenesis in females. Activation of the LC projections to the dentate gyrus for 15 days prevented the development of anxiodepressive-like behavior and increased the hippocampal neurogenesis in males with cuffs. In sum, we demonstrated that the LC projections to the hippocampus link the sensory to the affective component of neuropathic injury and that the female mice are able to dissociate the nociception from affect by maintaining robust LC activity. The work provides evidence that sex differences in LC response to pain determine the sex differences in the development of pain phenotype.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Placebo hypoalgesia: racial differences
    • Authors: Okusogu; Chika; Wang, Yang; Akintola, Titilola; Haycock, Nathaniel R.; Raghuraman, Nandini; Greenspan, Joel D.; Phillips, Jane; Dorsey, Susan G.; Campbell, Claudia M.; Colloca, Luana
      Abstract: imageNo large-cohort studies that examine potential racial effects on placebo hypoalgesic effects exist. To fill this void, we studied placebo effects in healthy and chronic pain participants self-identified as either African American/black (AA/black) or white. We enrolled 372 study participants, 186 with a diagnosis of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and 186 race-, sex-, and age-matched healthy participants to participate in a placebo experiment. Using a well-established paradigm of classical conditioning with verbal suggestions, each individual pain sensitivity was measured to calibrate the temperatures for high- and low-pain stimuli in the conditioning protocol. These 2 temperatures were then paired with a red and green screen, respectively, and participants were told that the analgesic intervention would activate during the green screens to reduce pain. Participants then rated the painfulness of each stimulus on a visual analog scale ranging from 0 to 100. Racial influences were tested on conditioning strength, reinforced expectations, and placebo hypoalgesia. We found that white participants reported greater conditioning effects, reinforced relief expectations, and placebo effects when compared with their AA/black counterparts. Racial effects on placebo were observed in TMD, although negligible, short-lasting, and mediated by conditioning strength. Secondary analyses on the effect of experimenter-participant race and sex concordance indicated that same experimenter-participant race induced greater placebo hypoalgesia in TMDs while different sex induced greater placebo hypoalgesia in healthy participants. This is the first and largest study to analyze racial effects on placebo hypoalgesia and has implications for both clinical research and treatment outcomes.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Attention to breath sensations does not engage endogenous opioids to
           reduce pain
    • Authors: Wells; Rebecca E.; Collier, Jason; Posey, Grace; Morgan, Afrayem; Auman, Timothy; Strittmatter, Brian; Magalhaes, Rossana; Adler-Neal, Adrienne; McHaffie, John G.; Zeidan, Fadel
      Abstract: imageThe endogenous opioidergic system is critically involved in the cognitive modulation of pain. Slow-breathing-based techniques are widely used nonpharmacological approaches to reduce pain. Yet, the active mechanisms of actions supporting these practices are poorly characterized. Growing evidence suggest that mindfulness-meditation, a slow-breathing technique practiced by nonreactively attending to breathing sensations, engages multiple unique neural mechanisms that bypass opioidergically mediated descending pathways to reduce pain. However, it is unknown whether endogenous opioids contribute to pain reductions produced by slow breathing. The present double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study examined behavioral pain responses during mindfulness-meditation (n = 19), sham-mindfulness meditation (n = 20), and slow-paced breathing (n = 20) in response to noxious heat (49°C) and intravenous administration (0.15 mg/kg bolus + 0.1 mg/kg/hour maintenance infusion) of the opioid antagonist, naloxone, and placebo saline. Mindfulness significantly reduced pain unpleasantness ratings across both infusion sessions when compared to rest, but not pain intensity. Slow-paced breathing significantly reduced pain intensity and unpleasantness ratings during naloxone but not saline infusion. Pain reductions produced by mindfulness-meditation and slow-paced breathing were insensitive to naloxone when compared to saline administration. By contrast, sham-mindfulness meditation produced pain unpleasantness reductions during saline infusion but this effect was reversed by opioidergic antagonism. Sham-mindfulness did not lower pain intensity ratings. Self-reported “focusing on the breath” was identified as the operational feature particularly unique to the mindfulness-meditation and slow paced-breathing, but not sham-mindfulness meditation. Across all individuals, attending to the breath was associated with naloxone insensitive pain-relief. These findings provide evidence that slow breathing combined with attention to breath reduces pain independent of endogenous opioids.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • The impact of bone cancer on the peripheral encoding of mechanical
           pressure stimuli
    • Authors: Kucharczyk; Mateusz W.; Chisholm, Kim I.; Denk, Franziska; Dickenson, Anthony H.; Bannister, Kirsty; McMahon, Stephen B.
      Abstract: imageSkeletal metastases are frequently accompanied by chronic pain that is mechanoceptive in nature. Mechanistically, cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) is mediated by peripheral sensory neurons innervating the cancerous site, the cell bodies of which are housed in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG). How these somatosensory neurons encode sensory information in CIBP remains only partly explained. Using a validated rat model, we first confirmed cortical bone destruction in CIBP but not sham-operated rats (day 14 after surgery, designated “late”-stage bone cancer). This occurred with behavioural mechanical hypersensitivity (Kruskal–Wallis H for independent samples; CIBP vs sham-operated, day 14; P < 0.0001). Next, hypothesising that the proportion and phenotype of primary afferents would be altered in the disease state, dorsal root ganglia in vivo imaging of genetically encoded calcium indicators and Markov Cluster Analysis were used to analyse 1748 late-stage CIBP (n = 10) and 757 sham-operated (n = 9), neurons. Distinct clusters of responses to peripheral stimuli were revealed. In CIBP rats, upon knee compression of the leg ipsilateral to the tumour, (1) 3 times as many sensory afferents responded (repeated-measures analysis of variance: P < 0.0001 [vs sham]); (2) there were significantly more small neurons responding (Kruskal–Wallis for independent samples (vs sham): P < 0.0001); and (3) approximately 13% of traced tibial cavity afferents responded (no difference observed between CIBP and sham-operated animals). We conclude that an increased sensory afferent response is present in CIBP rats, and this is likely to reflect afferent recruitment from outside of the bone rather than increased intraosseous afferent activity.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Postnatal maturation of spinal dynorphin circuits and their role in
    • Authors: Brewer; Chelsie L.; Styczynski, Lauren M.; Serafin, Elizabeth K.; Baccei, Mark L.
      Abstract: imageInhibitory interneurons in the adult spinal dorsal horn (DH) can be neurochemically classified into subpopulations that regulate distinct somatosensory modalities. Although inhibitory networks in the rodent DH undergo dramatic remodeling over the first weeks of life, little is known about the maturation of identified classes of GABAergic interneurons, or whether their role in somatosensation shifts during development. We investigated age-dependent changes in the connectivity and function of prodynorphin (DYN)-lineage neurons in the mouse DH that suppress mechanosensation and itch during adulthood. In vitro patch clamp recordings revealed a developmental increase in primary afferent drive to DYN interneurons and a transition from exclusive C-fiber monosynaptic input to mixed A-fiber and C-fiber innervation. Although most adult DYN interneurons exhibited tonic firing as expected from their inhibitory phenotype, neonatal and adolescent DYN cells were predominantly classified as phasic or single-spiking. Importantly, we also found that most of the inhibitory presynaptic terminals contacting lamina I spinoparabrachial projection neurons (PNs) originate from DYN neurons. Furthermore, inhibitory synaptic input from DYN interneurons onto PNs was weaker during the neonatal period, likely reflecting a lower number of GABAergic terminals and a reduced probability of GABA release compared to adults. Finally, spinal DYN interneurons attenuated mechanical sensitivity throughout development, but this population dampened acute nonhistaminergic itch only during adulthood. Collectively, these findings suggest that the spinal “gates” controlling sensory transmission to the brain may emerge in a modality-selective manner during early life due to the postnatal tuning of inhibitory synaptic circuits within the DH.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Localized sympathectomy reduces peripheral nerve regeneration and pain
           behaviors in 2 rat neuropathic pain models
    • Authors: Xie; Wenrui; Strong, Judith A.; Zhang, Jun-Ming
      Abstract: imagePrevious studies have shown that the peripheral nerve regeneration process is linked to pain in several neuropathic pain models. Other studies show that sympathetic blockade may relieve pain in some pain models and clinical conditions. This study examined reduction in peripheral nerve regeneration as one possible mechanism for relief of neuropathic pain by sympathetic blockade. A “microsympathectomy,” consisting of cutting the gray rami containing sympathetic postganglionic axons where they enter the L4 and L5 spinal nerves, reduced mechanical hypersensitivity in 2 different rat neuropathic pain models. In the spinal nerve ligation model, in which some functional regeneration and reinnervation of the ligated spinal nerve can be observed, microsympathectomy reduced functional and anatomical measures of regeneration as well as expression of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43), a regeneration-related protein. In the spared nerve injury model, in which functional reinnervation is not possible and the futile regeneration process results in formation of a neuroma, microsympathectomy reduced neuroma formation and GAP43 expression. In both models, microsympathectomy reduced macrophage density in the sensory ganglia and peripheral nerve. This corroborates previous work showing that sympathetic nerves may locally affect immune function. The results further highlight the challenge of improving pain in neuropathic conditions without inhibiting peripheral nerve regeneration that might otherwise be possible and desired.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • High postoperative pain intensity and analgesic requirements: are they
           caused by remifentanil or inadequate analgesia'
    • Authors: Seki; Hiroyuki; Ouchi, Takashi
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Therapeutic benefits of placebo surgery and challenges in neuromodulation
    • Authors: Banik; Ratan K.
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Reply to Banik
    • Authors: Kjær; Sophie W.; Rice, Andrew S. C.; Wartolowska, Karolina; Vase, Lene
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
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