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ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (150 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 152 of 152 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Orthopaedica     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Orthopedics     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthritis und Rheuma     Hybrid Journal  
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone & Joint 360     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Bone Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Burns & Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cartilage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Orthopedic Research     Open Access  
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Traumatology     Open Access  
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Concussion     Open Access  
Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Orthopaedic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Der Orthopäde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Die Wirbelsäule     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Orthopedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
East African Orthopaedic Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
EFORT Open Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Técnicas Quirúrgicas - Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Tecniche Chirurgiche - Chirurgia Ortopedica     Full-text available via subscription  
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Podiatry / Revista Europea de Podología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Foot & Ankle International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Gait & Posture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Spine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Hip International     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Injury     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Orthopaedics     Open Access  
International Musculoskeletal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JAAOS : Global Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JBJS Journal of Orthopaedics for Physician Assistants     Hybrid Journal  
JBJS Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
JOR Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de Traumatologie du Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal für Mineralstoffwechsel & Muskuloskelettale Erkrankungen     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Bone and Joint Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bone and Joint Infection     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Musculoskeletal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Orthopaedic Association of South Indian States     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Orthopaedic Diseases and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Orthopaedic Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Orthopaedic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Orthopaedic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Orthopaedic Translation     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Orthopedics & Rheumatology     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopedics, Traumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Scleroderma and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Musculoskeletal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian Journal of Orthopaedics and Trauma     Open Access  
North American Spine Society Journal (NASSJ)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
OA Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Obere Extremität     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Journal of Orthopedics and Rheumatology     Open Access  
Open Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Open Orthopaedics Journal     Open Access  
Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie     Hybrid Journal  
Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopädie & Rheuma     Full-text available via subscription  
Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie up2date     Hybrid Journal  
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Orthopaedic Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Orthopaedic Proceedings     Partially Free  
Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopaedics and Trauma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Orthopedic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Orthopedic Research and Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Orthopedic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthoplastic Surgery     Open Access  
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage Open     Open Access  
Osteologie     Hybrid Journal  
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia     Open Access  
OTA International     Open Access  
Paediatric Orthopaedics and Related Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pain Management in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Prosthetics and Orthotics International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Chilena de Ortopedia y Traumatología / Chilean Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologí­a     Open Access  
Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Open Access  
Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Portuguesa de Ortopedia e Traumatologia     Open Access  
Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Romanian Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology     Open Access  
SA Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SICOT-J     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Sport-Orthopädie - Sport-Traumatologie - Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Techniques in Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma (Travma)     Open Access  
Trauma und Berufskrankheit     Hybrid Journal  
Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ортопедия, травматология и протезирование     Open Access  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.214
Number of Followers: 14  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1040-8800 - ISSN (Online) 1534-6331
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [297 journals]
  • Editor’s Comments

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      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Getting a Child a Myoelectric Prosthesis: Did We Miss the Bus'

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      Authors: Rose; Vivian L.; Parikh, Pranav J.
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Letter to the Editor—Authors' Response

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      Authors: Peterson; Jennifer K.; Prigge, Patrick
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Preparing for the Worst or Hoping for the Best' The State of Fall
           Training in Prosthesis Users

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      Authors: Noble; Charles; Fiedler, Goeran
      Abstract: imageIntroduction The risk of accidental falls is greater in people with lower-limb loss than in their able-bodied peers. Most popular strategies to mitigate injuries from such falls include technical solutions that prevent falls or protect vulnerable body segments from destructive forces. Fall training is another effective intervention, but little evidence on its use in prosthesis users has been published. This research had the goal to investigate to what extent fall training is provided to the target population and what factors may be obstacles to its wider adoption.Methods An online questionnaire was developed and administered nationwide, targeting people with lower-limb loss. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the availability of fall training, and a logistic regression was performed to investigate variables that predict whether an individual receives fall training or not.Results A total of 180 responses was recorded, 166 of which were included in the analysis. More than two-thirds of respondents had not received fall training. Those who had physical therapy as part of their rehabilitation regimen were 3.7 times more likely to also have had fall training.Discussion Our data suggest that the potential benefits of providing fall training to people with lower-limb loss are not being fully realized. Interdisciplinary collaboration between prosthetists and therapists can help expand access to fall training interventions to better prepare patients for the likely event of an accidental fall.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Carbon Fiber Two-Pull Solid Ankle-Foot Orthoses versus Serial Casting in
           the Treatment of Idiopathic Toe Walking with Ankle Equinus Contracture

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      Authors: Hoffman; Nicole A.; Dallum, Joanna R.; Hinshon, Scott; Finch, Michael D.
      Abstract: imageIntroduction Idiopathic toe walking (ITW) is a common pediatric diagnosis. Serial casting, a common treatment used for an ankle equinus contracture, may not be appropriate for all children. This pilot study investigated whether carbon fiber two-pull solid ankle-foot orthoses (CTP-AFOs) would have similar outcomes as serial casting in the treatment of children with a diagnosis of ITW and ankle equinus contracture.Materials and Methods Children with ITW (n = 35) were randomized to receive CTP-AFOs or serial casting. Assessments were at initial, posttreatment, and 4-month follow-up with therapy protocols until posttreatment.Results There was no statistical difference in active (
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Effects of an Inpatient Physical Rehabilitation Program Designed for
           Persons with Amputations of Traumatic or Vascular Etiologies

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      Authors: Utiyama; Daniela Mitiyo Odagiri; Alfieri, Fábio Marcon; dos Santos, Artur César Aquino; Ribeiro, Carla Paschoal Corsi; Sales, Viviane Caroline; Battistella, Linamara Rizzo
      Abstract: imageIntroduction Rehabilitation after amputation is essential, and descriptions of inpatient rehabilitation programs for individuals with amputation are scarce. Therefore, the objective of this study was to describe the effects of an inpatient physical rehabilitation program on mobility, balance, function, and gait of individuals with unilateral lower-limb amputations.Materials and Methods This was a retrospective before-after study. Data were extracted from medical records of individuals with lower-limb amputation admitted for inpatient intensive rehabilitation programs. Data on etiology, functional mobility (by timed up and go [TUG]), balance and functionality (amputee mobility predictor [AMP]), and gait (2-minute walk test [2MWT]) were collected before and after prosthetic fitting phase of an inpatient rehabilitation program. Patient information was stratified as traumatic and vascular etiologies, and after descriptive analysis, general outcomes and intragroup results were compared with t-test and followed by linear regressions analysis for a better understanding of the demographic and clinical roles on treatment evolution.Results Group comparison evidenced differences of age between traumatic and vascular groups, as traumatic amputations had greater incidence among younger individuals, regardless of the prosthesis phase. Before the prosthesis fitting and regardless of the groups, there were significant improvements on AMP, 2MWT, and TUG, and the differences between both groups were influenced by their baseline conditions. After prosthesis fitting, significant improvements were identified, regardless of the etiology.Conclusions This study provides evidence that individuals with amputation who are admitted to an intensive hospitalized physical rehabilitation program experience benefits in mobility, balance, functionality, and gait capacity irrespective of causality or if the prosthesis was provided. Gains evidenced in the preprosthetic phase were continued in the postprosthetic phase.Clinical Relevance Inpatient rehabilitation programs for individuals with amputation are beneficial for improving the functionality of these individuals. This type of multidisciplinary rehabilitation provides functional improvements to the patient from the preprosthetic to the prosthetic phases, favoring global rehabilitation in a short period, which can reduce treatment time and provide better living conditions for the patient.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Compensatory Gait Strategies in Persons with Transfemoral Amputations
           Walking with a Locked Prosthetic Knee Joint Compared with an Unlocked Knee
           Joint: A Crossover Trial

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      Authors: Sloth; William; Fabricius, Jesper; Pedersen, Asger Roer
      Abstract: imageIntroduction Individuals with transfemoral amputation walking with a locked prosthetic knee joint (LPKJ) have compromised degree of freedom in leg movement compared with walking with an unlocked prosthetic knee joint (UPKJ), thus presenting a risk for compensatory gait strategies, with risk of lower back pain. The objective was to compare gait strategies in individuals with transfemoral amputation walking with an LPKJ and a UPKJ.Materials and Methods This was a crossover trial. Nine individuals with transfemoral amputation habitually walking with a UPKJ completed an intervention of 1 to 2 weeks of walking with a UPKJ followed by 1 to 2 weeks of walking with an LPKJ. Gait strategies were analyzed after each intervention using three-dimensional gait analysis. The outcome was pelvic and lumbar spinal movement from terminal stance to initial swing in the sagittal and transversal plane.Results The maximum anterior tilt of the pelvis in the sagittal plane and the pelvic rotation shifted from preswing to initial swing in the gait cycle when walking with an LPKJ compared with the UPKJ.Conclusions A compensatory gait strategy was observed among individuals with transfemoral amputation walking with an LPKJ compared with a UPKJ. Studies should investigate the incidence of low back pain in individuals with transfemoral amputation walking with LPKJ compared with those walking with UPKJ.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Is Maximum Available Hip Extension Range of Motion of the Residual Limb
           Reached During Passive Prone Lying in the Acute Stage After Dysvascular
           Transtibial Amputation'

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      Authors: Shaw; Jason L.; Hackney, James M.; Vandeloecht, Kristi Shook; Newton, Sean C.; Rainey, Matthew A.; Reed, Joshua J.; Suess, Dani J.; Tinker, Jennifer N.
      Abstract: imageIntroduction Individuals after a transtibial amputation (TTA) are at risk to develop a hip flexion contracture, which may adversely affect future ambulation with a prosthesis. Although patients have traditionally been advised to lie prone to maintain or improve hip extension, compensatory pelvic tilting may occur in prone lying (PL). We sought to compare hip extension range of motion (ROM) in PL to the modified Thomas test (MTT) position, because research implies that, in the MTT, patients are better able to control for compensatory pelvic tilting. We hypothesized that individuals after a TTA would have a greater peak hip extension angle in the MTT position compared with the PL position.Methods Ten individuals after a dysvascular TTA, mean age of 60 ± 8.42 years, participated in this study. The same physical therapist marked the femur and pelvis for goniometric measurement of peak hip extension angle by 12 raters blinded to each other's measurements. The markers remained unchanged as six raters measured all participants in PL and six different raters measured all participants in the MTT position.Results and Discussion The intraclass correlation (ICC) indicated high interrater reliability between the raters for the PL and MTT positions (ICC = 0.985 for PL and 0.976 for MTT). The average peak hip extension angle in PL was −14.0° ± 13.3°, standard error of mean = 4.3°; and in the MTT position was −8.6° ± 15.3°, standard error of mean = 4.8° (the negative mean connotes that, on average, participants did not have hip extension to neutral for either condition). We found a mean of 5.4° ± 6.6° more hip extension ROM for the MTT position compared with PL (P = 0.028).Conclusions Our findings show that, on average, patients after a TTA have significantly greater peak hip extension angle in the MTT position compared with the PL position. Thus, passive PL may not be as effective of a stretching position for preventing a hip flexion contracture after a TTA, because PL does not always extend the patient's hip to its maximum available ROM, due to the reduced ability to control the pelvis from tilting anteriorly.Clinical Relevance Adequate hip flexor length is positively correlated with gait parameters, which include increased velocity and step length in people using a prosthesis after transtibial amputation. This study implies that the MTT position may be a better method for improving and maintaining hip flexor length over the traditional strategy of passive PL.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Comparison of Semicustom and Custom UCBL on Lower-Limb Kinematics in
           Flexible Flatfoot

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      Authors: Atefe; Lesani; Ghomshe, Tabatabai; Mahmood, Bahramizadeh
      Abstract: imageIntroduction Orthotic devices can be successfully used to treat lower-limb injuries. However, their high cost is a major obstacle. Some orthotic companies have offered the semicustom alternatives at reasonable prices. The purpose of this study was to examine whether semicustom UCBL orthoses can provide similar rearfoot control as custom UCBL orthoses in individuals with flexible flatfoot.Material and Methods Eighteen subjects walked through the motion analysis laboratory under three conditions: no orthosis, custom UCBL orthosis, and semicustom UCBL orthosis. The rearfoot kinematics were assessed for each device.Results Both devices effectively reduced eversion excursion. Compared with the no orthotic condition, the custom and semicustom UCBL orthoses significantly decreased eversion excursion (P < .05), whereas peak eversion angle and velocity were not affected by any type of orthoses (P> .05).Conclusion Regarding the ability of semicustom UCBL orthoses to control rearfoot motion, they can be considered as a feasible alternative to custom UCBL orthoses for individuals with flexible flatfoot.Clinical Relevance This study provides evidence that semicustom UCBL orthoses are as effective as custom UCBL orthoses in controlling the rearfoot motion in flexible flatfoot. Therefore, owing to less fabrication time and lower price, semicustom UCBL orthoses are reasonable alternatives to custom UCBL orthoses.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Impacts of a Robotic Arm on People with Upper-Limb Disabilities Due to
           Neuromuscular Disorder

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      Authors: Routhier; François; Lettre, Josiane; Bouffard, Jason; Archambault, Philippe; Lemay, Martin; Gélinas, Isabelle
      Abstract: imageIntroduction Research is still limited on the impacts of robotic arms in improving independent living and social participation of individuals with upper-limb disabilities, and several knowledge gaps remain. This study aims to investigate the impacts of the JACO robotic arm on individuals with upper-limb impairments due to a neuromuscular disease.Methods For this prospective study, participants used the robotic arm in their daily life for a 2-month period. The effectiveness of the robotic arm was objectively observed during activities performed in a controlled environment. The perception of the users and of their main family caregivers was also documented. Finally, the nature and importance of activities carried out with the robotic arm in a community-living environment were explored.Results Participants' abilities with the JACO robotic arm improved continuously during the trial duration. Participants actively took part in more life habits, perceived fewer difficulties, and were more satisfied with their social participation. Despite these findings, very few life habits could be performed completely independently, limiting the impacts on global caregivers' burden.Conclusions Even if participants encountered some difficulties, this study demonstrates short-term benefits of the robotic arm for individuals with upper-limb impairments due to a neuromuscular disorder. Future studies should mainly focus on the psychosocial, economic, and occupational long-term impacts of the robotic arm. The development of services to assist the integration of such devices in people's lives could optimize their impacts.Clinical Relevance The results of this study contribute to the body of knowledge of clinicians for the prescription of a robotic arm.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Clubfoot: Review on Assessment, Treatment, Challenges, and Engineering
           Aspects

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      Authors: Singh; Shamsher; Mali, Harlal Singh
      Abstract: imageIntroduction Clubfoot, mainly CTEV, is a complex three-dimensional deformity challenging physicians from ancient times. Among a thousand babies born, one to six suffer from clubfoot deformity; that is, in India alone, around 35,000 need treatment for clubfoot annually. This review summarizes the various practices of clubfoot assessment, noninvasive treatment, and engineering aspects of clubfoot treatment. The shortcomings of assessment methods and challenges with implementation of treatment methods are also presented.Methods A narrative review of all related research papers available to authors was carried out.Results Various clubfoot assessment methods have been developed to help physicians understand the severity of the problem and predict treatment parameters. The Pirani score and Dimeglio score are used predominantly for the assessment of deformity. However, these methods suffer from implementation-related limitations. Noninvasive methods, namely, Kite's method, functional physiotherapy method, and Ponseti method, are used in practice for treatment. The Ponseti method is the most popular with parents and physicians and is considered the gold standard for the treatment of clubfoot. However, it also suffers from various implementation issues, like treatment cost and lack of experts, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Engineers are using various technologies like computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided engineering (CAE) and additive manufacturing for modeling and analysis of clubfoot. Engineers have also attempted to develop corrective and maintenance orthosis for CTEV treatment.Conclusions Because newer and newer technologies are becoming accessible for interdisciplinary use, there is a need to apply contemporary technologies, especially to develop a corrective orthosis so that the current challenges of clubfoot assessment and treatment are addressed. The corrective orthosis should be based on Dr Ponseti's insights into clubfoot biomechanics.Clinical Relevance There is a need to explore contemporary technologies like data acquisition and CAD/CAE to address CTEV assessment–related issues. A corrective orthosis based on the understanding of the foot biomechanics for treatment can solve the various implementation-related challenges of the Ponseti method, particularly in low-resource settings.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Material Selection for Diabetic Custom Insoles: A Systematic Review of
           Insole Materials and Their Properties

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      Authors: Nilsen; Fredrik; Molund, Marius; Lium, Eva Marie; Hvaal, Kjetil Harald
      Abstract: imageIntroduction Diabetic foot ulceration is one of the most significant causes of infection and amputation in neuropathic patients. Most often, the plantar surface of the foot is affected. Offloading the foot by custom-molded insoles is considered a crucial step in prevention of diabetic foot ulcers, although the most beneficial choice of materials is not well documented. This review focuses on identifying the most suitable materials and material compositions for offloading the diabetic foot.Materials and Methods A systematic review was performed with the aid of a clinical librarian on September 9, 2020. The review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Studies were included based on the following eligibility criteria: interventions in terms of material selection/properties with outcomes reported as either pressure reduction and/or ulcer prevention. Bench studies were also included. At each level of selection, records were reviewed by two independent reviewers. Clinical studies were appraised using the ROBINS-1 tool.Results Through database search, 1131 records were identified and an additional eight records were identified through references and other sources. After removal of duplicates, 927 records were screened, which resulted in 74 full-text records assessed for eligibility. Thirty-seven studies were included in the qualitative synthesis. Twelve studies examined material properties by bench testing. Five studies were based on finite element analysis. Nineteen clinical studies on material parameters were identified. Six studies supported the use of moderately deformable materials for insole production. Six studies showed better performance of combination material insoles in offloading and under sustained loading. Five studies concluded that increasing the thickness of insoles increased the offloading capabilities.Conclusions The diversity of studies and study designs to date precludes the ability to recommend one type of material over the other. Still some general considerations can be made. For solo-material insoles, moderately deformable materials are preferable, balancing the need for offloading with the need for durability. Increasing the thickness may increase the longevity of the insoles. Combining materials of different properties seems to enhance both the offloading capability and durability of insoles.Clinical Relevance When using a single-material design, moderately deformable materials are preferable. Combining materials of different properties enhances both the offloading capability and durability of insoles.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Biomechanical Measures for Fall Risk Assessment and Fall Detection in
           People with Transfemoral Amputations for the Next-Generation Prostheses: A
           Scoping Review

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      Authors: Monaco; Vito; Aprigliano, Federica; Palmerini, Luca; Palumbo, Pierpaolo; Chiari, Lorenzo; Micera, Silvestro
      Abstract: imageIntroduction Transfemoral amputations are known to compromise balance control capabilities, thus increasing the probability of falling. Current research in robotic prostheses is exploring novel strategies to assess the risk of fall and, if required, enable assistive strategies to promote balance recovery.Objectives The aim of this study was to identify a set of biomechanical variables associated with fall risk and fall detection in people with transfemoral amputation (pwTFA), which can be potentially assessed through the next generation of sensorized powered prostheses.Study Design The study design was scoping review.Methods Screening of the literature (CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science) carried out in February 2020 (quality assessment of retained articles through Downs and Black checklist; retrieved information: measurement tests and biomechanical variables).Results From the initial 595 documents, only 25 citations met eligibility criteria. The pwTFA's fall risk assessment and fall detection are usually carried out by using different measurement tests.Conclusions Two classes of biomechanical markers for fall risk assessment have the potential to be incorporated in self-contained transfemoral powered prostheses equipped with sensory network and suitable computational capabilities. The first consists of kinematic/kinetic variables of some prosthesis components (e.g., foot acceleration, force loading the pylon, knee angle) to detect either an abrupt lack of balance or a fall-related occurrence as a consequence of knee buckling, slipping, or tripping. The second involves implementing automatic procedures to allow pwTFA to routinely carry out clinical tests, such as the timed up and go test and/or the Four Square Step Test to monitor the decline of sensory motor capabilities, likely documenting an increased fall risk.Clinical Relevance The next generation of powered prostheses could both monitor decline on neuromuscular capabilities and gather early signs of an acute lack of balance based on a suitable network of sensors on board. This approach is expected to prevent the fall risk in pwTFA.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
 
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