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ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (150 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 153 of 153 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Orthopaedica     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Orthopedics     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthritis und Rheuma     Hybrid Journal  
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Bone & Joint 360     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bone Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Burns & Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cartilage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Orthopedic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Journal of Traumatology     Open Access  
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Concussion     Open Access  
Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Orthopaedic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Der Orthopäde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Die Wirbelsäule     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Orthopedic Journal     Open Access  
East African Orthopaedic Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
EFORT Open Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Orthopedic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Egyptian Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Técnicas Quirúrgicas - Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Tecniche Chirurgiche - Chirurgia Ortopedica     Full-text available via subscription  
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Podiatry / Revista Europea de Podología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Foot & Ankle International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Gait & Posture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Spine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Hip International     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Injury     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Orthopaedics     Open Access  
International Musculoskeletal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JAAOS : Global Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JBJS Journal of Orthopaedics for Physician Assistants     Hybrid Journal  
JBJS Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
JOR Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal de Traumatologie du Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal für Mineralstoffwechsel & Muskuloskelettale Erkrankungen     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Bone and Joint Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bone and Joint Infection     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Musculoskeletal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 76)
Journal of Orthopaedic Association of South Indian States     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthopaedic Diseases and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Orthopaedic Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Orthopaedic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Orthopaedic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Orthopaedic Translation     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Orthopedics & Rheumatology     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopedics, Traumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Scleroderma and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Musculoskeletal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian Journal of Orthopaedics and Trauma     Open Access  
North American Spine Society Journal (NASSJ)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
OA Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Obere Extremität     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Orthopedics and Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Open Orthopaedics Journal     Open Access  
Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie     Hybrid Journal  
Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopädie & Rheuma     Full-text available via subscription  
Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie up2date     Hybrid Journal  
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Orthopaedic Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Orthopaedic Proceedings     Partially Free  
Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopaedics and Trauma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Orthopedic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Orthopedic Research and Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Orthopedic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Orthoplastic Surgery     Open Access  
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage Open     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Osteologie     Hybrid Journal  
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia     Open Access  
OTA International     Open Access  
Paediatric Orthopaedics and Related Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pain Management in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Prosthetics and Orthotics International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Chilena de Ortopedia y Traumatología / Chilean Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologí­a     Open Access  
Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Open Access  
Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Portuguesa de Ortopedia e Traumatologia     Open Access  
Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Romanian Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology     Open Access  
SA Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SICOT-J     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Sport-Orthopädie - Sport-Traumatologie - Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Techniques in Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma (Travma)     Open Access  
Trauma und Berufskrankheit     Hybrid Journal  
Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ортопедия, травматология и протезирование     Open Access  


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.136
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1749-7221
Published by Thieme Publishing Group Homepage  [233 journals]
  • Fusion of the Median and Musculocutaneous Nerves Masquerading as Biceps'
           Innervation from the Median Nerve

    • Authors: Antonopoulos; Ioannis, Ampadiotaki, Margarita- Michaela, Tsikouris, George, Chiotis, Ioannis, Tsakotos, Georgios, Pathiakis, Ioannis, Troupis, Theodore G.
      Pages: e42 - e45
      Abstract: Embryologically, the musculocutaneous nerve (MCN) comes from the lateral root of the median nerve, and thus numerous anatomical variations concerning the formation and branching pattern of these two nerves of the brachial plexus have been described. In this case study, we describe a relatively uncommon case of fusion of the median and MCNs that was identified during routine teaching dissection of a male human cadaver. The identification of this anatomical variation requires awareness of the embryological background, as it may be confused with biceps innervation from the median nerve or the existence of a communicating branch between the two nerves. In addition, awareness of such anatomical variations is of undisputable significance for the safety of surgical operations in the brachial plexus and the arm in general.
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2023; 18: e42-e45
      PubDate: 2023-11-15T11:55:32+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1767674
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 01 (2023)
  • Redefining the Inclusion Criteria for Successful Steindler Flexorplasty
           Based on the Outcomes of a Case Series in Eight Patients

    • Authors: Gatskiy; Alexander A., Tretyak, Ihor B., Bahm, Jörg, Tsymbaliuk, Vitaliy I., Tsymbaliuk, Yaroslav V.
      Pages: e32 - e41
      Abstract: Background (rationale) Steindler flexorplasty (SF) is aimed at restoring independent elbow flexion in the late stages of dysfunction of the primary elbow flexors. Selection criteria for successful SF have been defined. Objectives The purpose of this study was to redefine the inclusion criteria for successful SF based on functional outcomes. Methods Eight patients received SF after an average of 50.8 months after injury or dysfunction. Three patients (37.5%) met all five Al-Qattan inclusion criteria (AQIC), and another five patients (62.5%) met four or less AQIC. Patients were followed up for at least 9 months, and the maximum range of active elbow flexion (REF) was measured. Functional results of SF were assessed using the Al-Qattan scale (in accordance with Al-Qattan's scale). Results The mean maximum REF was 100 degrees (70 to 140 degrees). Five patients reached REF greater than 100 degrees. One patient had a poor outcome, two patients (25%) had a fair outcome, three patients (37.5%) had a good outcome, and two patients (25%) had an excellent outcome of SF on the Al-Qattan scale. The impact of each AQIC on functional outcome has been critically reviewed from a biomechanical point of view. Conclusions The sufficient number of inclusion criteria required for successful SF can be reduced from five (according to AQIC) to two; Normal or near-normal function (M4 or greater on the MRC scale) of the muscles of the flexor-pronator mass should be considered an obligatory inclusion criterion, while primary wrist extensors may be considered an optional inclusion criterion.
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2023; 18: e32-e41
      PubDate: 2023-10-11T13:26:21+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1767672
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 01 (2023)
  • Impact of Preoperative Neuropraxia on Surgical Duration Following
           Pediatric Supracondylar Fracture of the Humerus: A Retrospective Cohort

    • Authors: Alayed; Yazeed, Alrashedan, Bander S., Almisfer, Sultan K., Aldossari, Ali M.
      Pages: e27 - e31
      Abstract: Background Supracondylar fractures of the humerus (SCFHs) are the most common type of elbow fracture in children. Because of the influence on functional outcome, neuropraxia is one of the most common concerns at presentation. The impact of preoperative neuropraxia on surgery duration is not extensively probed. The clinical implications of several other risk factors associated with preoperative neuropraxia at presentation may contribute to longer surgical duration of SCFH. Hypothesis Preoperative neuropraxia is likely to increase surgery duration in patients who sustained SCFH. Patients and Methods This is a retrospective cohort analysis. Sixty-six patients who sustained surgical pediatric supracondylar humerus fracture were included in the study. Baseline characteristics including age, gender, the type of fracture according to Gartland classification, mechanism of injury, patient weight, side of injury, and associated nerve injury were included in the study. Logistic regression analysis was performed using mean surgery duration as the main dependent variable and age, gender, fracture type according to the mechanism of injury, Gartland classification, injured arm, vascular status, time from presentation to surgery, weight, type of surgery, medial K-wire use, and afterhours surgery as the independent variables. A follow-up of 1 year was implemented. Result The overall preoperative neuropraxia rate was 9.1%. The mean surgery duration was 57.6 ± 5.6 minutes. The mean duration of closed reduction and percutaneous pinning surgeries was 48.5 ± 5.3 minutes, whereas the mean duration of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) surgeries was 129.3 ± 15.1 minutes. Preoperative neuropraxia was associated with an overall increase in the surgery duration (p 
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2023; 18: e27-e31
      PubDate: 2023-07-03T14:40:27+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1771012
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 01 (2023)
  • Peroneal Nerve Repair with Cross-Bridge Ladder Technique: Parallel
           End-to-Side Neurorrhaphies

    • Authors: Ammanuel; Simon, Burkett, Daniel, Kim, Jason J., Bond, Evalina S., Hanna, Amgad S.
      Pages: e21 - e26
      Abstract: Background Multiple nerve transfer techniques are used to treat patients with nerve injuries when a primary repair is not possible. These techniques are categorized to end-to-end, end-to-side, and side-to-side neurorrhaphy. Our study aims to explore the utility of the cross-bridge ladder technique (H-shaped), which has shown promising results in animal models and probably underutilized clinically. Methods Four patients with significant loss of ankle dorsiflexion were seen in the clinic and underwent evaluation, including electrodiagnostic studies. A cross-bridge ladder repair technique was used between the tibial nerve as the donor and the common peroneal nerve as the recipient via one or two nerve grafts coapted in parallel with end-to-side neurorrhaphies. Dorsiflexion strength was measured preoperatively using the Medical Research Council (MRC) grading system and at each postoperative follow-up appointment. Results All four patients had suffered persistent and severe foot drop (MRC of 0) following trauma that had occurred between 6 and 15 months preoperatively. Three of the four patients improved to an MRC of 2 several months postoperatively. The last patient had an immediate improvement to an MRC of 2 by his first month and had a complete recovery of ankle dorsiflexion within 4 months from surgery. Conclusion We demonstrate the utility and clinical outcomes of the cross-bridge ladder technique in patients with persistent and prolonged foot drop following trauma. Both early and late recovery were seen while all patients regained motor function, with some patients continuing to improve up to the most recent follow-up.IRB Approval: Obtained 2013–1411-CP005
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2023; 18: e21-e26
      PubDate: 2023-05-23T15:26:28+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1768996
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 01 (2023)
  • Patient-Reported Outcomes and Provocative Testing in Peripheral Nerve
           Injury and Recovery

    • Authors: John; Albin, Rossettie, Stephen, Rafael, John, Cox, Cameron T., Ducic, Ivica, Mackay, Brendan J.
      Pages: e10 - e20
      Abstract: Background Peripheral nerve function is often difficult to assess given the highly variable presentation and subjective patient experience of nerve injury. If nerve assessment is incomplete or inaccurate, inappropriate diagnosis and subsequent treatment may result in permanent dysfunction. Objective As our understanding of nerve repair and generation evolves, so have tools for evaluating peripheral nerve function, recovery, and nerve-related impact on the quality of life. Provocative testing is often used in the clinic to identify peripheral nerve dysfunction. Patient-reported outcome forms provide insights regarding the effect of nerve dysfunction on daily activities and quality of life. Methods We performed a review of the literature using a comprehensive combination of keywords and search algorithms to determine the clinical utility of different provocative tests and patient-reported outcomes measures in a variety of contexts, both pre- and postoperatively. Results This review may serve as a valuable resource for surgeons determining the appropriate provocative testing tools and patient-reported outcomes forms to monitor nerve function both pre- and postoperatively. Conclusion As treatments for peripheral nerve injury and dysfunction continue to improve, identifying the most appropriate measures of success may ultimately lead to improved patient outcomes.
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2023; 18: e10-e20
      PubDate: 2023-04-21T10:25:30+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1764352
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 01 (2023)
  • Outcomes of Surgical Treatment of Peripheral Neuromas of the Hand and

    • Authors: El-Gammal; Yousif Tarek, Cardenas-Mateus, Laura, Tsai, Tsu Min
      Pages: e6 - e9
      Abstract: The choice of a specific technique for surgical treatment of neuromas remains a problem. The purpose of this study is to determine the overall effectiveness of surgery as well as to find out whether certain surgical procedures are more effective than others. Twenty-nine patients operated between 1998 and 2018 and followed for at least 12 months were reviewed. Clinical assessment included the identification of a pre- and postoperative Tinel sign, pain visual analog score, two-point discrimination (2PD), and grip strength. Mechanisms of injury included clean lacerations (11), crush injuries (11), and other trauma or surgery (7). Mean time from presentation to surgery was 9 months. Seven surgical procedures involving excision in 10 patients and excision and nerve repair in 19 patients were performed. Pain score improved from an average of 7.1 ± 2.3 to 1.8 ± 1.7 with 27 patients (93%) reporting mild or no postoperative pain. Nine patients complained of residual scar hypersensitivity and six patients had residual positive Tinel. No patient required an additional surgical procedure. 2PD improved from an average of 9.6 ± 4.0 to 6.8 ± 1.0. The improvement of pain score and 2PD was statistically significant. Nerve repair resulted in marginally better outcomes, in terms of 2PD and grip strength recovery, than excision alone. The mechanism of injury, zone of involvement, time to intervention, or length of follow-up did not have an impact on the outcomes. Although patient numbers in this study are large in comparison to previous studies, larger patient numbers will allow for a multivariate analysis, which can be possible with a prospective multicenter trial.
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2023; 18: e6-e9
      PubDate: 2023-04-05T12:58:03+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1767673
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 01 (2023)
  • Outcomes after Anterior Interosseous Nerve to Ulnar Motor Nerve Transfer

    • Authors: Gross; Jeffrey N., Dawson, Steven E., Wu, Gerald J., Loewenstein, Scott, Borschel, Gregory H., Adkinson, Joshua M.
      Pages: e1 - e5
      Abstract: Background Ulnar nerve lesions proximal to the elbow can result in loss of intrinsic muscle function of the hand. The anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) to deep motor branch of the ulnar nerve (DBUN) transfer has been demonstrated to provide intrinsic muscle reinnervation, thereby preventing clawing and improving pinch and grip strength. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the AIN to DBUN transfer in restoring intrinsic muscle function for patients with traumatic ulnar nerve lesions. Methods We performed a prospective, multi-institutional study of outcomes following AIN to DBUN transfer for high ulnar nerve injuries. Twelve patients were identified, nine of which were enrolled in the study. The mean time from injury to surgery was 15 weeks. Results At final follow-up (mean postoperative follow-up 18 months + 15.5), clawing was observed in all nine patients with metacarpophalangeal joint hyperextension of the ring finger averaging 8.9 degrees (+ 10.8) and small finger averaging 14.6 degrees (+ 12.5). Grip strength of the affected hand was 27% of the unaffected extremity. Pinch strength of the affected hand was 29% of the unaffected extremity. None of our patients experienced claw prevention after either end-to-end (n = 4) or end-to-side (n = 5) AIN to DBUN transfer. Conclusion We conclude that, in traumatic high ulnar nerve injuries, the AIN to DBUN transfer does not provide adequate intrinsic muscle reinnervation to prevent clawing and normalize grip and pinch strength.
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2023; 18: e1-e5
      PubDate: 2023-01-11T13:20:30+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1760097
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 01 (2023)
  • Bilateral Thoracic Outlet Syndrome from Anomalous 8th Cervical Vertebrae

    • Authors: Ferris; Scott, Lonie, Sarah
      Pages: e30 - e32
      Abstract: Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a group of diverse disorders resulting from compression of neurovascular structures as they pass from the lower neck to upper limb. Neurological symptoms, such as pain, weakness, or paraesthesia, are much more common than vascular symptoms such as pallor or venous congestion. Anatomical abnormalities can contribute to this condition. Thirty percent of patients with TOS can have a cervical rib, arising from the transverse process of the 7th cervical vertebra, compared with 1% of the general population. We report the first case in the literature of neurogenic TOS from a cervical rib arising from a supernumerary 8th cervical vertebra. This patient had immediate improvement in TOS symptoms following scalene muscle surgery and resection of cervical and first thoracic ribs.
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2022; 17: e30-e32
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T09:09:14+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1753541
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 01 (2022)
  • A Rabbit Model for Peripheral Nerve Reconstruction Studies Avoiding
           Automutilation Behavior

    • Authors: Sorkin; Jonathan A., Rechany, Ziv, Almog, Mara, Dietzmeyer, Nina, Shapira, Yuval, Haastert-Talini, Kirsten, Rochkind, Shimon
      Pages: e22 - e29
      Abstract: Background The rabbit sciatic nerve injury model may represent a valuable alternative for critical gap distance seen in humans but often leads to automutilation. In this study, we modified the complete sciatic nerve injury model for avoiding autophagy. Materials and Methods In 20 adult female New Zealand White rabbits, instead of transecting the complete sciatic nerve, we unilaterally transected the tibial portion and preserved the peroneal portion. Thereby loss of sensation in the dorsal aspect of the paw was avoided. The tibial portion was repaired in a reversed autograft approach in a length of 2.6 cm. In an alternative repair approach, a gap of 2.6 cm in length was repaired with a chitosan-based nerve guide. Results During the 6-month follow-up period, there were no incidents of autotomy. Nerve regeneration of the tibial portion of the sciatic nerve was evaluated histologically and morphometrically. A clear difference between the distal segments of the healthy contralateral and the repaired tibial portion of the sciatic nerve was detectable, validating the model. Conclusion By transecting the isolated tibial portion of the rabbit sciatic nerve and leaving the peroneal portion intact, it was possible to eliminate automutilation behavior.
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2022; 17: e22-e29
      PubDate: 2022-06-21T08:03:04+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1747959
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 01 (2022)
  • Follistatin Protein Enhances Satellite Cell Counts in Reinnervated Muscle

    • Authors: Feger; Mark A., Isaacs, Jonathan, Mallu, Satya, Yager, Dorne, Shall, Mary, Patel, Gaurangkumar, Protzuk, Omar, Bokkisam, Akhil S.
      Pages: e12 - e21
      Abstract: Background Muscle recovery following peripheral nerve repair is sup-optimal. Follistatin (FST), a potent muscle stimulant, enhances muscle size and satellite cell counts following reinnervation when administered as recombinant FST DNA via viral vectors. Local administration of recombinant FST protein, if effective, would be more clinically translatable but has yet to be investigated following muscle reinnervation. Objective The aim of this study is to assess the effect of direct delivery of recombinant FST protein on muscle recovery following muscle reinnervation. Materials and Methods In total, 72 Sprague-Dawley rats underwent temporary (3 or 6 months) denervation or sham denervation. After reinnervation, rats received FST protein (isoform FS-288) or sham treatment via a subcutaneous osmotic pump delivery system. Outcome measures included muscle force, muscle histomorphology, and FST protein quantification. Results Follistatin treatment resulted in smaller muscles after 3 months denervation (p = 0.019) and reduced force after 3 months sham denervation (p 
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2022; 17: e12-e21
      PubDate: 2022-06-21T08:00:05+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1748535
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 01 (2022)
  • Commentary to “Morphometry and Contents of the Suprascapular Notch with
           Potential Clinical Implications: A Cadaveric Study”
    • J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2022; 17: e10-e11
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1747960

      Georg Thieme Verlag KG Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

      Artikel in Thieme eJournals:
      Inhaltsverzeichnis     open access Volltext

      J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2022; 17: e10-e112022-06-20T06:00:14+01:00
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 01 (2022)
  • Effects of Prestretch on Neonatal Peripheral Nerve: An In Vitro Study

    • Authors: Singh; Anita, Majmudar, Tanmay, Magee, Rachel, Gonik, Bernard, Balasubramanian, Sriram
      Pages: e1 - e9
      Abstract: Background Characterizing the biomechanical failure responses of neonatal peripheral nerves is critical in understanding stretch-related peripheral nerve injury mechanisms in neonates. Objective This in vitro study investigated the effects of prestretch magnitude and duration on the biomechanical failure behavior of neonatal piglet brachial plexus (BP) and tibial nerves. Methods BP and tibial nerves from 32 neonatal piglets were harvested and prestretched to 0, 10, or 20% strain for 90 or 300 seconds. These prestretched samples were then subjected to tensile loading until failure. Failure stress and strain were calculated from the obtained load-displacement data. Results Prestretch magnitude significantly affected failure stress but not the failure strain. BP nerves prestretched to 10 or 20% strain, exhibiting significantly lower failure stress than those prestretched to 0% strain for both prestretch durations (90 and 300 seconds). Likewise, tibial nerves prestretched to 10 or 20% strain for 300 seconds, exhibiting significantly lower failure stress than the 0% prestretch group. An effect of prestretch duration on failure stress was also observed in the BP nerves when subjected to 20% prestretch strain such that the failure stress was significantly lower for 300 seconds group than 90 seconds group. No significant differences in the failure strains were observed. When comparing BP and tibial nerve failure responses, significantly higher failure stress was reported in tibial nerve prestretched to 20% strain for 300 seconds than BP nerve. Conclusion These data suggest that neonatal peripheral nerves exhibit lower injury thresholds with increasing prestretch magnitude and duration while exhibiting regional differences.
      Citation: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2022; 17: e1-e9
      PubDate: 2022-04-08T00:00:00+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1743132
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 01 (2022)
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