Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8196 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (205 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (105 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (334 journals)
    - CHIROPRACTIC, HOMEOPATHY, OSTEOPATHY (19 journals)
    - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES, EPIDEMIOLOGY (227 journals)
    - DENTISTRY (266 journals)
    - DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY (162 journals)
    - EMERGENCY AND INTENSIVE CRITICAL CARE (121 journals)
    - ENDOCRINOLOGY (149 journals)
    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (43 journals)
    - GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY (178 journals)
    - GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS (125 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (160 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (177 journals)
    - LABORATORY AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE (90 journals)
    - MEDICAL GENETICS (58 journals)
    - MEDICAL SCIENCES (2241 journals)
    - NURSES AND NURSING (331 journals)
    - OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (199 journals)
    - ONCOLOGY (355 journals)
    - OPHTHALMOLOGY AND OPTOMETRY (135 journals)
    - ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (150 journals)
    - OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (76 journals)
    - PATHOLOGY (96 journals)
    - PEDIATRICS (254 journals)
    - PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION (153 journals)
    - PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY (800 journals)
    - RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE (182 journals)
    - RESPIRATORY DISEASES (109 journals)
    - RHEUMATOLOGY (76 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (77 journals)
    - SURGERY (388 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (151 journals)

ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (150 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 152 of 152 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Orthopaedica     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Orthopedics     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthritis und Rheuma     Hybrid Journal  
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone & Joint 360     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Bone Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Burns & Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cartilage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Orthopedic Research     Open Access  
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Traumatology     Open Access  
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Concussion     Open Access  
Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Orthopaedic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Der Orthopäde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Die Wirbelsäule     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Orthopedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
East African Orthopaedic Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
EFORT Open Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Técnicas Quirúrgicas - Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Tecniche Chirurgiche - Chirurgia Ortopedica     Full-text available via subscription  
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Podiatry / Revista Europea de Podología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Foot & Ankle International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Gait & Posture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Spine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Hip International     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Injury     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Orthopaedics     Open Access  
International Musculoskeletal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JAAOS : Global Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JBJS Journal of Orthopaedics for Physician Assistants     Hybrid Journal  
JBJS Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
JOR Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de Traumatologie du Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal für Mineralstoffwechsel & Muskuloskelettale Erkrankungen     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Bone and Joint Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bone and Joint Infection     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Musculoskeletal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Journal of Orthopaedic Association of South Indian States     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Orthopaedic Diseases and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Orthopaedic Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Orthopaedic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Orthopaedic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Orthopaedic Translation     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Orthopedics & Rheumatology     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopedics, Traumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Scleroderma and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Musculoskeletal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian Journal of Orthopaedics and Trauma     Open Access  
North American Spine Society Journal (NASSJ)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
OA Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Obere Extremität     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Journal of Orthopedics and Rheumatology     Open Access  
Open Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Open Orthopaedics Journal     Open Access  
Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie     Hybrid Journal  
Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopädie & Rheuma     Full-text available via subscription  
Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie up2date     Hybrid Journal  
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Orthopaedic Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Orthopaedic Proceedings     Partially Free  
Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopaedics and Trauma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Orthopedic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Orthopedic Research and Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Orthopedic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthoplastic Surgery     Open Access  
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage Open     Open Access  
Osteologie     Hybrid Journal  
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia     Open Access  
OTA International     Open Access  
Paediatric Orthopaedics and Related Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pain Management in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Prosthetics and Orthotics International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Chilena de Ortopedia y Traumatología / Chilean Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologí­a     Open Access  
Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Open Access  
Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Portuguesa de Ortopedia e Traumatologia     Open Access  
Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Romanian Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology     Open Access  
SA Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SICOT-J     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Sport-Orthopädie - Sport-Traumatologie - Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Techniques in Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma (Travma)     Open Access  
Trauma und Berufskrankheit     Hybrid Journal  
Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ортопедия, травматология и протезирование     Open Access  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
European Spine Journal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.535
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 24  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-0932 - ISSN (Online) 0940-6719
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Announcements

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-08-10
       
  • Multiple dimensions of radiographic reconstruction for the optimal
           operative strategy of sacral meningeal cysts

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Background and purpose The contents and subtypes of sacral cysts are sophisticated in many cases. We applied multiple dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reconstruction to preoperatively clarify the specific subtype of sacral meningeal cysts. Materials and methods We preoperatively used multimodal neural reconstruction MRI sequences to evaluate 76 patients with sacral cysts. The linear nerve roots were precisely traced based on sagittal or coronal images processed at various angles and levels which was conducive to the design of the operation strategy. Results Cysts with nerve passage were detected in 47 cases (62%, 47/76), whereas cysts without nerve roots were detected in 24 cases (32%, 24/76). Five patients had mixed cysts with or without nerve roots. Intraoperative exploration results proved the high accuracy of image reconstruction; only one cyst without a nerve root was misdiagnosed prior to surgery. Conclusion MRI reconstruction based on the three-dimensional fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition T2 sequence precisely tracked the nerve roots of sacral cysts and guided the optimal strategy during surgery.
      PubDate: 2022-08-10
       
  • Onset of mental disorders in patients who developed failed back surgery
           syndrome

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a complex and multifaceted condition associated with significant disability and morbidity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between FBSS with new incidences of mental health disorders. Methods Our cohort included patients diagnosed with FBSS within 12 months of a posterior fusion, laminectomy, or discectomy, identified using The International Classification of Disease, both Ninth and Tenth Revisions (ICD-9 and ICD-10). In the next step, both non-FBSS and FBSS-diagnosed patients were queried for the diagnosis of first-time occurrence of mental health disorders. The incidence of new mental health disorders was determined within 12-months following FBSS diagnosis. Results FBSS patients were significantly at greater risk than non-FBSS patients of developing all included mental health pathologies: Depression: OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.8–2.0, p < 0.0001); Anxiety: OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.4–1.6, p < 0.0001; Sleep Disorder: OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.7–2.0, p < 0.0001; Bipolar Disorder: OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.5–2.0 p < 0.0001; PTSD: OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.3–1.8, p < 0.0001; Panic Disorder: OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.5–2.1, p < 0.0001; Suicidal Disorder: OR 1.7 95% CI 1.4–2.0, p < 0.0001, ADHD: OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.0–1.5, p = 0.0367. Conclusions In the current study, patients diagnosed with FBSS were at a significantly greater risk of developing mental health pathologies. While other studies have suggested pre-surgical psychological support and treatment, the current results suggest that a post-operative psychologic care may also be warranted. By identifying potential psychosocial unforeseen obstacles that occur in patients diagnosed with FBSS, more precise treatment pathways can be developed leading to improved patient outcomes.
      PubDate: 2022-08-09
       
  • Diffusion properties of asymptomatic lumbar intervertebral discs in a
           pediatric cohort: a preliminary study of apparent diffusion coefficient

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose To explore the apparent diffusion coefficients of intervertebral discs in an asymptomatic pediatric cohort. Methods We conducted a prospective MRI study of the lumbar spine from below the thoracolumbar junction to the lumbosacral junction on 12 subjects (mean age 13 y.o.) with no spinal pathology or spinal posture disorder. MRI was carried out using a 1.5 T machine with acquisitions realized both in sagittal and coronal planes. First, disc hydration was determined, and then, diffusion-weighted images were obtained using an SE single-shot echo-planar sequence. Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) of anterior annulus fibrosus (AAF), nucleus pulposus (NP) and posterior annulus fibrosus (PAF) were measured in the sagittal plane. Results Averaged hydration of 0.27 SD 0.03 confirmed the asymptomatic nature of discs. Average scaled values of ADC were 0.46 SD 0.01, 0.22 SD 0.09 and 0.18 SD 0.03 for NP, AAF and PAF, respectively. ADC of NP were almost constant along the spine; PAF values show a slight increase in the thorax-sacrum direction, while AAF values showed a pronounced decrease. Locally, ADC of AAF was higher compared to ADC PAF values below the thoracolumbar junction and it reversed for subjacent discs. Conclusions In our knowledge, our study provided the first diffusive properties of asymptomatic intervertebral discs in an adolescent cohort. ADC of NP was slightly higher than adults'. ADC evolutions of AAF were correlated with lordosis concavity which pointed out the role of compressive strain on fluid transport properties. This study could furnish information about segment homeostasis for exploration of pediatric spinal pathologies.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
       
  • Impact of chronic hyperlipidemia on perioperative complications in
           patients undergoing lumbar fusion: a propensity score matching analysis

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose Lumbar fusion is widely used to treat degenerative and traumatic conditions of the spine, with various perioperative complications. This study compared lumbar fusion complications in patients with and without chronic hyperlipidemia. Methods Using the MSpine division of the PearlDiver database, patients with or without chronic hyperlipidemia who underwent lumbar fusions were identified. The appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes identified patients with single- or multi-level lumbar spinal fusion surgeries. International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9 and ICD-10) codes identified patients with chronic hyperlipidemia. The surgical and medical complications were obtained utilizing the appropriate ICD-9, ICD-10, and CPT codes. Propensity score matching analysis was used to control for confounding factors. Chi-square test was applied to compare the incidence of complications among different groups. Results In single-level fusion group, patients with hyperlipidemia had a higher incidence of wound complications (P < 0.001), surgical site infection (P < 0.001), failed back syndrome (P < 0.001), hardware removal (P < 0.001), deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolism (P = 0.031), myocardial infarction (P < 0.001) cerebrovascular accident (P < 0.001), renal failure (P < 0.001), sepsis (P < 0.001), and urinary tract infection/incontinence (P < 0.001). In multi-level fusion group, patients with hyperlipidemia had a higher incidence of nerve root injury (P = 0.034), wound complications (P < 0.001), surgical site infection (P < 0.001), failed back syndrome (P < 0.001), hardware removal (P < 0.001), revision (P = 0.002), myocardial infarction (P < 0.001), renal failure (P < 0.001), and urinary tract infection/incontinence (P < 0.001). Conclusion Following lumbar fusion, patients with chronic hyperlipidemia have an increased risk of perioperative complications, including wound complications, surgical site infection, failed back surgery syndrome, hardware removal, myocardial infarction, renal failure, and urinary tract infection/incontinence.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
  • Trends and patterns of cervical degenerative disc disease: an analysis of
           magnetic resonance imaging of 1300 symptomatic patients

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the trends and patterns of cervical degenerative disc disease in the cervical spine in different age groups of symptomatic patients. Methods Overall, 1300 symptomatic patients who had undergone cervical spine MRI from February 2019 to November 2021 were included. Pfirrmann grading was used to evaluate the IVD degeneration. Patients were divided into five groups based on age: group 1 from 20 to 29 years, group 2 from 30 to 39 years, group 3 from 40 to 49 years, group 4 from 50 to 59 years, and group 5 from 60 years and above. The patterns, severity, and the number of degenerated levels in each age group were analysed. Results The total number of degenerated IVDs (grades IV and V) increased significantly with age, ranging from 76 (4.9%) in group 1 to 677 (43.4%) in group 5. The most common degenerated levels were C2/3 (25% of the total degenerated levels) in group 1, C5/6 (29.0%) in group 2, C5/6 (33.1%) in group 3, C5/6 (31.3%) in group 4, C5/6 (24.8%), in group 5. The number of degenerated IVDs increased significantly with age (P < 0.001). In patients with two or more degenerated levels, contiguous-level disc degeneration was more common than skip lesions. Conclusion This study evaluated the severity and pattern of cervical disc degeneration at each level in different age groups. The severity and number of degenerated levels increased significantly with increased age. Adjacent-level degeneration is more common than skip lesions in patients with more than one-level degeneration.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
  • Biomechanical comparison of multi-rod constructs by satellite rod
           configurations (in-line vs. lateral) and screw types (monoaxial vs.
           polyaxial) spanning a lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO): is there
           an optimal configuration'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose Multi-rod constructs are used commonly to stabilize pedicle subtraction osteotomies (PSO). This study aimed to evaluate biomechanical properties of different satellite rod configurations and effects of screw-type spanning a PSO. Methods A validated 3D spinopelvic finite element model with a L3 PSO (30°) was used to evaluate 5 models: (1) Control (T10–pelvis + 2 rods); (2) lateral satellite rods connected via offsets to monoaxial screws (LatSat-Mono) or (3) polyaxial screws (LatSat-Poly); (4) in-line satellite rods connected to monoaxial screws (InSat-Mono) or (4) polyaxial screws (InSat-Poly). Global and PSO range of motions (ROM) were recorded. Rods’ von Mises stresses and PSO forces were recorded and the percent differences from Control were calculated. Results All satellite rods (save InSat-Mono) increased PSO ROM and decreased primary rods’ von Mises stresses at the PSO. Lateral rods increased PSO forces (LatSat-Mono:347.1 N; LatSat-Poly:348.6 N; Control:336 N) and had relatively lower stresses, while in-line rods decreased PSO forces (InSat-Mono:280.1 N; InSat-Poly:330.7 N) and had relatively higher stresses. Relative to polyaxial screws, monoaxial screws further decreased PSO ROM, increased satellite rods’ stresses, and decreased PSO forces for in-line rods, but did not change PSO forces for lateral rods. Conclusion Multi-rod constructs using in-line and lateral satellite rods across a PSO reduced primary rods' stresses. Subtle differences in biomechanics suggest lateral satellite rods, irrespective of screw type, increase PSO forces and lower rod stresses compared to in-line satellite rods, which had a high degree of posterior instrumentation stress shielding and lower PSO forces. Clinical studies are warranted to determine if these findings influence clinical outcomes.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
  • Prevalence and biopsychosocial factors associated with chronic low back
           pain in urban and rural communities in Western Africa: a population-based
           door-to-door survey in Benin

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose This study aimed to assess the prevalence of chronic low back pain (CLBP) and related biopsychosocial factors in urban and rural communities in Benin. Methods This is a population-based observational cross-sectional survey. An interviewer-administered electronic questionnaire was used to collect information on demographic, socio-economic, behavioral, and psychological factors relating to CLBP risk factors and medical history of participants. The numeric pain rating scale and the Beck Depression Inventory were used to assess pain intensity and the level of depression, respectively. Bivariate analyses were performed to investigate the association between sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychological factors and CLBP. Sequential multiple regression analyses were subsequently performed to predict the occurrence of CLBP. Results A total of 4320 participants, with a mean age ± SD of 32.9 ± 13.1 years, of which 40.7% were females and 50.1% from an urban area, were enrolled in the study. We found a global prevalence rate of CLBP of 35.5% [95% CI 34.1–36.9%]. The prevalence in urban areas was 30.68% [95% CI 28.9–32.8%]) while 40.2% was found in rural areas [95% CI 38.1–42.2%]). Age (p < 0.001), level of education (p = 0.046), marital status (p < 0.001), working status (p < 0.003), tobacco use (p < 0.016) and regular physical activity (p < 0.011) were associated with CLBP. In urban areas, only the level of education was able to predict the prevalence of CLBP (R2 = 61%). In rural areas, CLBP was predicted by age, marital and working status (R2 = 89%). Conclusions This study showed a high prevalence of CLBP among urban and rural communities in Benin. Age, level of education, marital status, and working status were significantly associated with CLBP in Benin.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
  • A systematic review on the outcome of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous
           malformations

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose This study aimed to investigate the neurological outcome, trends and sequelae following surgical or conservative treatment of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations (ISCCMs). Methods A systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The primary outcome measure was the change in the neurological status after surgery or conservative management. A logistic regression analysis investigating prognostic factors related to outcome was also performed. Results Twenty-one studies with 1091 patients in total were included, of which 1005 (92.1%) underwent surgical resection and 86 (7.9%) were treated conservatively. Gross total resection was achieved in 95.7% of the patients and partial resection in 4.3%. Most lesions (60.2%) were located in the thoracic spine and presented with motor (60.4%) and sensory deficits (59.7%). In the long term, surgical treatment resulted in an improved neurological status in 36.9% of the patients, in 55.8% it remained stable, and in 7.3% it deteriorated compared to the preoperative state. In the conservative cohort, 21.7% improved, 69.6% remained stable, and 8.7% deteriorated. Solitary lesions, duration of preoperative symptoms less than 3 months as well as an improved post-operative neurological status were predictors of a favourable long-term outcome. Conclusions Whenever feasible, symptomatic patients with ISCCM are recommended to undergo surgery within 3 months from symptom onset. Absence of multiple lesions and, most importantly, post-operative symptom improvement foresee a favourable long-term outcome. Further research is warranted to discern the role of conservative treatment in symptomatic patients.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
  • The association between preoperative MRI findings and clinical improvement
           in patients included in the NORDSTEN spinal stenosis trial

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose To investigate potential associations between preoperative MRI findings and patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) after surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Methods The NORDSTEN trial included 437 patients. We investigated the association between preoperative MRI findings such as morphological grade of stenosis (Schizas grade), quantitative grade of stenosis (dural sac cross-sectional area), disc degeneration (Pfirrmann score), facet joint tropism and fatty infiltration of the multifidus muscle, and improvement in patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) 2 years after surgery. We dichotomized each radiological parameter into a moderate or severe category. PROMs i.e., Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Zurich Claudication Questionnaire (ZCQ) and Numeric rating scale (NRS) for back and leg pain were collected before surgery and at 2 year follow-up. In the primary analysis, we investigated the association between MRI findings and ODI score (dichotomized to ≥ 30% improvement or not). In the secondary analysis, we investigated the association between MRI findings and the mean improvement on the ODI-, ZCQ- and NRS scores. We used multivariable regression models adjusted for patients’ gender, age, smoking status and BMI. Results The primary analysis showed that severe disc degeneration (Pfirrmann score 4–5) was significantly associated with less chance of achieving a 30% improvement on the ODI score (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.34, 0.88). In the secondary analysis, we detected no clinical relevant associations. Conclusion Severe disc degeneration preoperatively suggest lesser chance of achieving 30% improvement in ODI score after surgery for LSS. Other preoperative MRI findings were not associated with patient reported outcome.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
       
  • Are Modic changes ‘Primary infective endplatitis’'—insights from
           multimodal imaging of non-specific low back pain patients and development
           of a radiological 'Endplate infection probability score'.

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose To probe the pathophysiological basis of Modic change (MC) by multimodal imaging rather than by MRI alone. Methods Nineteen radiological signs found in mild infections and traumatic endplate fractures were identified by MRI and CT, and by elimination, three signs unique to infection and trauma were distilled. By ranking the Z score, radiological ‘Endplate Infection Probability Score’ (EIPS) was developed. The score’s ability to differentiate infection and traumatic endplate changes (EPC) was validated in a fresh set of 15 patients each, with documented infection and trauma. The EIPS, ESR, CRP, and Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NRS) were then compared between 115 patients with and 80 patients without MC. Results The EIPS had a confidence of 66.4%, 83% and, 100% for scores of 4, 5 and, 6, respectively, for end plate changes suggesting infection. The mean EIPS was 4.85 ± 1.94 in patients with Modic changes compared to − 0.66 ± 0.49 in patients without Modic changes (p < 0.001). Seventy-eight (67.64%) patients with MC had a score of 6, indicating high infection possibility. There was a difference in the NRS (p < 0.01), ESR (p = 0.05), CRP (p < 0.01), and type of pain (p < 0.01) between patients with and without MC. Conclusion Multimodal imaging showed many radiological signs not easily seen in MRI alone and thus missed in Modic classification. There were distinct radiological differences between EPCs of trauma and infection which allowed the development of an EIPS. The scores showed that 67.64% of our study patients with Modic changes had EPCs resembling infection rather than trauma suggesting the possibility of an infective aetiology and allowing us to propose an alternate theory of ‘Primary Endplatitis’.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
       
  • In which cases do surgeons specializing in total disc replacement perform
           fusion in patients with symptomatic lumbar disc degeneration'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate reasons and their frequency for why spine surgeons subspecializing in total disc replacement (TDR) performed lumbar fusion rather than TDR. Methods The study was based on a consecutive series of 515 patients undergoing lumbar TDR or fusion during a 5-year period by three surgeons specializing in TDR. For each fusion patient, the reason for not performing TDR was recorded. Results TDR was performed in 65.4% (n = 337) of patients and the remaining 34.6% (n = 178) underwent anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF ± posterior instrumentation). Of the 178 fusion patients, the most common reason for fusion was combined factors related to severe degenerative changes (n = 59, 11.5% of the study population). The second most common reason was > Grade 1 spondylolisthesis (n = 32, 6.2%), followed by insurance non-coverage (n = 24, 4.7%), and osteopenia/osteoporosis (n = 13, 2.5%). Fusion patients were significantly older than TDR patients (52.5 vs. 41.6 years; p < 0.01). There was no significant difference with respect to gender (41.2% female vs. 43.8% female, p > 0.05) or the percentage of patients with single-level surgery (61.2% vs. 56.7%, p > 0.05). Conclusion The most common reason for not performing lumbar TDR was related to anatomic factors that may compromise stability of the operated segment and/or TDR functionality. The older age of fusion patients may be related to these factors. This study found that many patients are appropriate candidates for lumbar TDR. However, even among TDR subspecialists, fusion is preferred when there are factors that cannot be addressed with TDR and/or may compromise implant functionality.
      PubDate: 2022-08-04
       
  • Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation without arthrodesis of 368
           thoracolumbar fractures: long-term clinical and radiological outcomes in a
           single institution

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose Traumatic thoracolumbar (TL) fractures are the most common vertebral fractures. Although a consensus on the preferred treatment is missing, percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) has been progressively accepted as treatment option, since it is related to lower soft tissues surgical-injury and perioperative complications rate. This study aims to evaluate the long-term clinical–radiological outcomes after PPSF for TL fractures at a single tertiary academic hospital. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study. Back pain was obtained at preoperative, postoperative and final follow-up using Visual Analog Scale. Patient-reported outcomes, the Oswestry Disability Index and the 36-Item Short Form, were obtained to asses disability during follow-up. Radiological measures included Cobb angle, mid-sagittal index, sagittal index (SI) and vertebral body height loss. A multivariate regression analysis on preoperative radiological features was performed to investigate independent risk factors for implant failure. Results A total of 296 patients with 368 TL fractures met inclusion criteria. Mean follow-up was 124.3 months. The clinical and radiological parameters significantly improved from preoperative to last follow-up measurements. The multivariate analysis showed that Cobb angle (OR = 1.3, p < 0.001), SI (OR = 1.5, p < 0.001) and number of fractures (OR = 1.1, p = 0.05), were independent risk factors for implant failure. The overall complication rate was 5.1%, while the reoperation rate for implant failure was 3.4%. Conclusions In our case series, PPSF for TL injuries demonstrated good long-term clinical-radiological outcomes, along with low complication and reoperation rates. Accordingly, PPSF could be considered as a valuable treatment option for neurologically intact patients with TL fractures. Additionally, in this cohort, number of fractures ≥ 2, Cobb angle ≥ 15° and sagittal index ≥ 21° were independent risk factors for implant failure.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
       
  • Reliability of a three-dimensional spinal proprioception assessment for
           patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose Although it is evident that some patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have proprioceptive deficit in peripheral joints, knowledge on the proprioceptive function of the deformed spine is limited. Nonetheless, spinal proprioception in AIS may be affected three-dimensionally, prior studies only focussed on evaluating peripheral proprioception in single plane. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a novel spinal proprioception assessment using three-dimensional motion analysis in patients with AIS. Methods Participants were included if they had a primary diagnosis of AIS who did not receive or failed conservative treatments. Three trunk repositioning tests involving flexion-extension, lateral-flexion, and axial-rotation were conducted. A three-dimensional kinematics of the trunk was used as the outcome measures. The proprioceptive acuity was quantified by the repositioning error. The intra-examiner and test-retest reliability were analysed by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results Fifty-nine patients with AIS were recruited. Regarding the trunk flexion–extension test, the single measure ICC showed moderate reliability (0.46) and the average measures ICC demonstrated good reliability (0.72). As for the trunk lateral-flexion test, the reliability of single measure and average measures ICC was moderate (0.44) and good (0.70) reliability, respectively. For the trunk axial-rotation test, the single measure ICC indicated fair reliability (0.32), while the average measures ICC showed moderate reliability (0.59). Conclusion This is the first study to evaluate the reliability of novel three-dimensional spinal proprioception assessments in patients with AIS. The trunk flexion-extension repositioning test may be preferable clinical test given its highest reliability.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
       
  • Does the use of intrawound povidone-iodine irrigation and local vancomycin
           powder impact surgical site infection rate in adolescent idiopathic
           scoliosis surgery'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose Surgical site infection (SSI) is a major complication after adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery, with an incidence ranging from 0.5 to 7%. Intraoperative wound decontamination with povidone-iodine (PVP-I) irrigation and/or vancomycin powder in adult spinal surgery has gained attention in the literature with controversial results. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of using intrawound PVP-I irrigation and local vancomycin powder (LVP) on the incidence of early SSI in AIS surgery. Methods All AIS patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion between October 2016 and December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. The incidence of early SSI was reported and compared between 2 groups defined by the treating spinal surgeons’ preferences: group 1—intrawound irrigation with 2L of PVP-I and application of 3 g LVP before closure and control group 2—patients that did not receive either of these measures. Results Nine early cases of SSI (2.9%) were reported among the 307 AIS posterior spinal fusion patients. Incidence of SSI in group 1 (2/178 = 1.1%) was significantly lower than in group 2 (7/129 = 5.4%; p = 0.04). There were no adverse reactions to the use of PVP-I and LVP in our study. At latest follow-up, rate of surgical revision for mechanical failure with pseudarthrosis was significantly lower in group 1 (2/178 = 1.1%) than in group 2 (9/129 = 7.0%; p = 0.01). Conclusion Intraoperative use of intrawound PVP-I irrigation and vancomycin powder is associated with a significant reduction of early SSI after AIS spine surgery. Level of evidence IV Retrospective study.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Artificial intelligence, big data and precision spine care: a trend or the
           holy grail'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • A deep learning-based method for the diagnosis of vertebral fractures on
           spine MRI: retrospective training and validation of ResNet

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose To improve the performance of less experienced clinicians in the diagnosis of benign and malignant spinal fracture on MRI, we applied the ResNet50 algorithm to develop a decision support system. Methods A total of 190 patients, 50 with malignant and 140 with benign fractures, were studied. The visual diagnosis was made by one senior MSK radiologist, one fourth-year resident, and one first-year resident. The MSK radiologist also gave the binary score for 15 qualitative imaging features. Deep learning was implemented using ResNet50, using one abnormal spinal segment selected from each patient as input. The T1W and T2W images of the lesion slice and its two neighboring slices were considered. The diagnostic performance was evaluated using tenfold cross-validation. Results The overall reading accuracy was 98, 96, and 66% for the senior MSK radiologist, fourth-year resident, and first-year resident, respectively. Of the 15 imaging features, 10 showed a significant difference between benign and malignant groups with p <  = 0.001. The accuracy achieved by using the ResNet50 deep learning model for the identified abnormal vertebral segment was 92%. Compared to the first-year resident’s reading, the model improved the sensitivity from 78 to 94% (p < 0.001) and the specificity from 61 to 91% (p < 0.001). Conclusion Our deep learning-based model may provide information to assist less experienced clinicians in the diagnosis of spinal fractures on MRI. Other findings away from the vertebral body need to be considered to improve the model, and further investigation is required to generalize our findings to real-world settings.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Use of machine learning to select texture features in investigating the
           effects of axial loading on T2-maps from magnetic resonance imaging of the
           lumbar discs

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Background Recent advances in texture analysis and machine learning offer new opportunities to improve the application of imaging to intervertebral disc biomechanics. This study employed texture analysis and machine learning on MRIs to investigate the lumbar disc’s response to loading. Methods Thirty-five volunteers (30 (SD 11) yrs.) with and without chronic back pain spent 20 min lying in a relaxed unloaded supine position, followed by 20 min loaded in compression, and then 20 min with traction applied. T2-weighted MR images were acquired during the last 5 min of each loading condition. Custom image analysis software was used to segment discs from adjacent tissues semi-automatically and segment each disc into the nucleus, anterior and posterior annulus automatically. A grey-level, co-occurrence matrix with one to four pixels offset in four directions (0°, 45°, 90° and 135°) was then constructed (320 feature/tissue). The Random Forest Algorithm was used to select the most promising classifiers. Linear mixed-effect models and Cohen’s d compared loading conditions. Findings All statistically significant differences (p < 0.001) were observed in the nucleus and posterior annulus in the 135° offset direction at the L4-5 level between lumbar compression and traction. Correlation (P2-Offset, P4-Offset) and information measure of correlation 1 (P3-Offset, P4-Offset) detected significant changes in the nucleus. Statistically significant changes were also observed for homogeneity (P2-Offset, P3-Offset), contrast (P2-Offset), and difference variance (P4-Offset) of the posterior annulus. Interpretation MRI textural features may have the potential of identifying the disc's response to loading, particularly in the nucleus and posterior annulus, which appear most sensitive to loading. Level of evidence Diagnostic: individual cross-sectional studies with consistently applied reference standard and blinding
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Use of machine learning to model surgical decision-making in lumbar spine
           surgery

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose The majority of lumbar spine surgery referrals do not proceed to surgery. Early identification of surgical candidates in the referral process could expedite their care, whilst allowing timelier implementation of non-operative strategies for those who are unlikely to require surgery. By identifying clinical and imaging features associated with progression to surgery in the literature, we aimed to develop a machine learning model able to mirror surgical decision-making and calculate the chance of surgery based on the identified features. Material and methods In total, 55 factors were identified to predict surgical progression. All patients presenting with a lumbar spine complaint between 2013 and 2019 at a single Australian Tertiary Hospital (n = 483) had their medical records reviewed and relevant data collected. An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) was constructed to predict surgical candidacy. The model was evaluated on its accuracy, discrimination, and calibration. Results Eight clinical and imaging predictive variables were included in the final model. The ANN was able to predict surgical progression with 92.1% accuracy. It also exhibited excellent discriminative ability (AUC = 0.90), with good fit of data (Calibration slope 0.938, Calibration intercept – 0.379, HLT > 0.05). Conclusion Through use of machine learning techniques, we were able to model surgical decision-making with a high degree of accuracy. By demonstrating that the operating patterns of single centres can be modelled successfully, the potential for more targeted and tailored referrals becomes possible, reducing outpatient wait-list duration and increasing surgical conversion rates.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Announcement

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-07-16
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 3.238.204.167
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-