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ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (150 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 152 of 152 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Orthopaedica     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Orthopedics     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthritis und Rheuma     Hybrid Journal  
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone & Joint 360     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Bone Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Burns & Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cartilage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Orthopedic Research     Open Access  
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Traumatology     Open Access  
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Concussion     Open Access  
Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Orthopaedic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Der Orthopäde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Die Wirbelsäule     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Orthopedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
East African Orthopaedic Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
EFORT Open Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Técnicas Quirúrgicas - Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Tecniche Chirurgiche - Chirurgia Ortopedica     Full-text available via subscription  
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Podiatry / Revista Europea de Podología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Foot & Ankle International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Gait & Posture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Spine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Hip International     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Injury     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Orthopaedics     Open Access  
International Musculoskeletal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JAAOS : Global Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JBJS Journal of Orthopaedics for Physician Assistants     Hybrid Journal  
JBJS Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
JOR Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de Traumatologie du Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal für Mineralstoffwechsel & Muskuloskelettale Erkrankungen     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Bone and Joint Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bone and Joint Infection     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Musculoskeletal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Orthopaedic Association of South Indian States     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Orthopaedic Diseases and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Orthopaedic Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Orthopaedic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Orthopaedic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Orthopaedic Translation     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Orthopedics & Rheumatology     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopedics, Traumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Scleroderma and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Musculoskeletal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian Journal of Orthopaedics and Trauma     Open Access  
North American Spine Society Journal (NASSJ)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
OA Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Obere Extremität     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Journal of Orthopedics and Rheumatology     Open Access  
Open Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Open Orthopaedics Journal     Open Access  
Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie     Hybrid Journal  
Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopädie & Rheuma     Full-text available via subscription  
Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie up2date     Hybrid Journal  
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Orthopaedic Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Orthopaedic Proceedings     Partially Free  
Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopaedics and Trauma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Orthopedic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Orthopedic Research and Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Orthopedic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthoplastic Surgery     Open Access  
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage Open     Open Access  
Osteologie     Hybrid Journal  
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia     Open Access  
OTA International     Open Access  
Paediatric Orthopaedics and Related Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pain Management in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Prosthetics and Orthotics International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Chilena de Ortopedia y Traumatología / Chilean Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologí­a     Open Access  
Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Open Access  
Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Portuguesa de Ortopedia e Traumatologia     Open Access  
Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Romanian Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology     Open Access  
SA Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SICOT-J     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Sport-Orthopädie - Sport-Traumatologie - Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Techniques in Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma (Travma)     Open Access  
Trauma und Berufskrankheit     Hybrid Journal  
Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ортопедия, травматология и протезирование     Open Access  


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Case Reports in Orthopedics
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-6749 - ISSN (Online) 2090-6757
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Brachialis Muscle Rupture in a Pediatric Patient Followed Up by Ultrasound
           Examinations: A Rare Case Report

    • Abstract: Isolated brachial muscle injuries are relatively rare injuries and reportedly occur during forced elbow extension. Though commonly conservative treatment approach is adopted, the treatment criteria remain unclear. Here, we report the case of a patient who experienced functional recovery after conservative treatment for an isolated brachial muscle injury. The patient was an 8-year-old boy whose chief complaint was left elbow pain. The injury occurred when the patient fell while playing on gymnastics bars and bruised the palmar side of his left elbow on the bar. Owing to the pain in the left elbow, the patient came to our institution. There were no clear signs of deformities or swelling in the left elbow and no obvious tenderness. X-ray and computed tomography (CT) imaging examinations revealed no signs of a fracture or dislocation, and the patient was diagnosed with left brachialis muscle rupture based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Although the brachialis muscle was complete ruptured, a healing tendency was seen on body surface ultrasound examinations over time, and the patient was treated conservatively. After 3 weeks of cast immobilization, the patient underwent range of motion exercises. Two months after the injury, there were no issues with elbow joint function in daily life activities and no limitations in range of motion. Here, MRI was used to diagnose brachialis muscle rupture, and ultrasound examinations were utilized to make treatment decisions.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Jun 2022 11:50:02 +000
  • A Change in the Classical Order of Setting of Porous Metal Augments with
           Locked Cups in Hip Revision Surgery: Technical Note and Case Report

    • Abstract: Introduction. Reconstruction of acetabular bone defects by the combination of trabecular metal augments and porous cups can be complex when extensive bone loss and poor-quality bone exists. The onset of porous cups with an interlocking mechanism may simplify surgical technique due to its superior initial mechanical stability. We endorse the possibility for a change in the classical order of setting of the augments and the cup. Methods. We present a technical modification and a series of cases of three patients with Paprosky IIB and IIIA acetabular defects operated with a combination of porous metal augments and a porous cup. In all the three patients, the setting of the cup was done first and secured with locked screws, and then the augments were set in place as a wedge and fixed with screws in a standard fashion. Results. The postoperative X-ray showed good position of implants with restoration of the center of rotation, and the patients had good recovery. Radiological evaluation in the midterm follow-up did not show mobilization of implants. Discussion. The use of metal porous augments is widely used for severe acetabular defects, being a versatile system to adapt to the different size defects. Nevertheless, its use may be technically demanding and time consuming. It is not infrequent that the setting of the augments conditions the final position of the cup with a possible interference with initial stability and eventually bone ingrowth of the cup. The interlocking mechanism offers an additional biomechanical stability and thus may allow us to place the cup first in the desired position with a less demanding technique. Conclusion. With the use of locked-screw porous metal cups, the order of setting of implants may be changed in order to obtain a better restoration of the center of rotation and increased host-bone implant contact with a simplified surgical technique.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Jun 2022 05:50:00 +000
  • Lumbar Canal Stenosis Caused by Marked Bone Overgrowth after Decompression

    • Abstract: Narrowing of the lumbar canal due to bone regrowth after lumbar decompression surgery generally occurs at the facet joint; it is exceedingly rare for this phenomenon to occur at the laminar arch. Herein, we describe a case of restenosis caused by marked bone overgrowth at the facet joints and laminar arch after lumbar decompression surgery. A 64-year-old man underwent partial hemilaminectomy for lumbar canal stenosis at the L3/L4 level 12 years ago. His symptoms recurred 7 years after the first surgery. Overgrowth of the laminar arch and facet joints was observed at the decompression site. Thus, partial laminectomy of L3 and L4 was performed as a second surgery. Four years after the second surgery, a laminectomy of L3-L4 was performed for bone restenosis and disc herniation. The underlying mechanism of the remarkable overgrowth of the removed lamina remains unclear. Endochondral ossification signals and mechanosignals should be comprehensively examined.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 Jun 2022 10:50:01 +000
  • A Case Report of a Subdural Hematoma following Spinal Epidural prior to a
           Total Knee Arthroplasty

    • Abstract: Introduction. This case report adds to current literature on management of a subdural hematoma following total knee arthroplasty and is particularly important as joint replacement moves into outpatient surgery centers where the orthopedic surgery team becomes the sole patient contact point. Case Presentation. A 66-year-old male presented to the emergency department five days after elective robotic-assisted left total knee arthroplasty performed with spinal epidural with the symptoms of a persistent nonpostural headache. CT of the head revealed a small bifrontal acute subdural hematoma. He was admitted for overnight monitoring as a precaution. No vascular abnormalities or underlying pathology was found on further advanced imaging. He was discharged the following morning after follow-up CT showed no focal changes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) one month later confirmed resolution of the subdural hematoma. Conclusion. Orthopedic surgeons should be aware of the signs and symptoms, as well as the risk factors for subdural hematomas following lumbar puncture, as it is a rare, but potentially life-threatening complication of spinal epidural.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 06:35:00 +000
  • Lumbar Radiculopathy Caused by Epidural Gas Collection

    • Abstract: Background. Degenerated intervertebral discs in the lumbar spine are commonly found with vacuum phenomenon. In a few cases, gas can migrate into the lumbar spinal canal and compress the nerve root. Case Presentation. We report a case of lumbar radiculopathy caused by epidural gas collection in a 59-year-old woman. Originally, the gas was formed in the intervertebral disc and possibly migrated backward because of the motion of lumbar spine, forming a single large gas formation. The nerve root was freed from the gas-filled cyst after needle puncture was performed. Patient’s symptoms in the leg were significantly relieved following surgery. Conclusion. There is still no satisfactory explanation for the pathogenesis of gas formation in the spinal canal. In our case, the presence of gas in the spinal canal and gas inside a narrowed disc suggests a communication between the two structures.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 08:20:00 +000
  • Osteochondritis Lesions of the Ischiopubic Area in Young Adolescents

    • Abstract: Osteochondritis of the ischiopubic area is a rare disease of children that presents with hip pain and limping. Careful examination and appropriate investigations are essential to establish a definite diagnosis. We report a case series of four children, ages 10–14-year-old, with osteochondritis of the ischiopubic area. Plain X-ray examination showed an area of diffuse irregular calcification of the ischium in two of the children, while in the other two there was an asymmetrical enlargement of the ischiopubic synchondrosis. MRI investigation was the most helpful examination. Bone edema was found in all four children. A calcified mass separated from the host ischium was found in the first two children. The cortex was normal, without irregular destruction. Bone edema of both the ischium and pubic alongside the synchondrosis was found in the following two children, with intact cortices and asymmetrical enlargement. Osteochondritis lesions of the ischium and the ischiopubic area have radiological findings similar to several severe diseases. Bone edema on MRI investigation in children must be properly evaluated. Appropriate radiological examination enabled us to confirm the diagnosis of the osteochondritis and to avoid unnecessary procedures. We want to draw attention to the rare diagnosis of osteochondritis of the ischiopubic area, and the clinical significance, as a cause of hip pain and limping in children.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 06:05:01 +000
  • Acetabular Reconstruction Using Multiple Porous Tantalum Augments:
           Three-Quarter Football Augment

    • Abstract: Reconstruction of a large acetabular bone defect is a complex problem in revision hip arthroplasty. The authors report a novel method of reconstructing an uncontained acetabular defect (Paprosky type IIIb) using multiple tantalum augments. A 73-year-old female patient presented to our institution with a chronically dislocated primary left total hip arthroplasty with radiographs demonstrating migration of acetabular component and formation of pseudoarthrosis within the left ilium. Extensive arthrolysis and anatomic reconstruction of the acetabular bone defect were performed using the novel method of multiple tantalum augments. Postoperatively, recovery was initially complicated by multiple dislocations requiring an exchange to an elevated liner, however subsequently achieved good function.
      PubDate: Sat, 21 May 2022 07:20:00 +000
  • Ipsilateral Simultaneous Low-Energy Multiple Upper Limb Fractures in an
           Elderly Patient: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    • Abstract: Traumatic injuries of the upper limb can result in variant fracture combination. This article discusses a rare injury combination including ipsilateral proximal and distal humerus fractures alongside a distal radius fracture. The mechanism of the fall is unknown, but the patient being old with such a complex injury, one can only assume that osteoporosis played a major role. Open reduction and internal fixation was opted for the distal humerus and radius fractures, and percutaneous pinning was done for the proximal humerus fracture. Surgery is an option to each one of these injuries with different techniques available for managing such an association, with emphasis made on osteoporosis workup to help prevent such complex injuries.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 May 2022 11:20:01 +000
  • Gel-Based Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation in a Patient with
           Noncontained Osteochondral Knee Defect at 9-Year Follow-Up

    • Abstract: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a disorder of the subchondral bone affecting the adjacent articular cartilage that may lead to cartilage and bone fragment detachment. It commonly occurs in the knee joint, elbow, wrist, and ankle. Although several surgical concepts have been described to treat OCD (fragment fixation, microfracture, autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI), and mosaicplasty), no gold standard treatment has been accepted for managing OCD. Multiple factors like age, stability of defect, and defect size should be considered while selecting a specific treatment for OCD. Here, we discuss the case of an 18-year-old patient with horizontal and noncontained OCD. The MRI and CT scan evaluations of condylar notch view showed a defect () with ICRS grade IV lateral femoral condyle OCD that was successfully managed by gel-based ACI. After 9 years of ACI, the patient was asymptomatic with full range of motions at the knees. Improvement in visual analog scale score, International Knee Documentation Committee score, and Magnetic Resonance Observation of Cartilage Repair Tissue score was also seen at 9 years post-ACI. No further surgical interventions were needed post-ACI.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2022 21:05:03 +000
  • Talar Body Fracture Treated by Hindfoot Endoscopic Reduction and Internal

    • Abstract: Background. A talar body fracture is relatively rare. Surgical treatment for the fracture is generally indicated for the displaced fracture types and traditionally performed via open approaches. However, open approaches may not be able to achieve adequate exposure of the talus body owing to the difficulty in achieving reduction and fixation of the fracture. In this case report, we describe a case of talar body fracture treated by hindfoot endoscopic reduction and internal fixation. Case report. A 39-year-old man who was a carpenter complained of right hindfoot pain after he fell from a stepladder during work. Although plain radiographs of the right ankle showed no abnormal findings, noncontrast computed tomography demonstrated a fracture line from the lateral side of the posterior lateral process to the medial side of the talus body. In addition, the fracture line extended to the posterior ankle and subtalar joints, and the bone fragment was slightly displaced. We diagnosed him with the talar body fracture and performed operative treatments using hindfoot endoscopic reduction and internal fixation. At 14 weeks after the operation, he was able to return to work at the preinjury activity level without dysfunction of the ankle nor complications. Conclusion. We reported a case of talar body fracture treated by hindfoot endoscopic reduction and internal fixation. In this case, the hindfoot endoscopic technique provided visualization of the fracture site with less invasiveness and increased safety, which enabled proper reduction and internal fixation of the fracture site. Therefore, the patient was able to return to work at the preinjury activity level at 14 weeks after surgery without dysfunction of the ankle nor complications. This surgical technique may be a useful option for the talar body fracture.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2022 11:35:00 +000
  • Wound Complication and Neuropraxia of the Posterior Cutaneous Nerve of the
           Arm after Primary Repair of a Latissimus Dorsi and Teres Major Tear

    • Abstract: We present a case of a surgically treated latissimus dorsi (LD) and teres major (TM) tear with a one-year outcome. The postoperative course was complicated by wound dehiscence requiring operative intervention and neuropraxia of the posterior cutaneous nerve of the arm. The report highlights previously unreported surgical risks associated with repair of LD/TM tendons.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 May 2022 21:35:00 +000
  • Atraumatic Deltoid Rupture with a Chronic Massive Rotator Cuff Tear: A
           Case Report and Surgical Technique

    • Abstract: Case. We report a rare case of a spontaneous, atraumatic rupture of the anterior and middle heads of the deltoid with an underlying massive rotator cuff tear. Unique clinical findings included a palpable mass of torn deltoid distally with a proximal tissue defect. Magnetic resonance imaging of the deltoid demonstrated complete tear of the anterior head; involvement of the middle head was found intraoperatively. Given the acute nature of injury and potential impact on the feasibility of future reverse shoulder arthroplasty, surgical repair of the torn deltoid was discussed with the patient and performed via superior approach. Conclusion. Direct surgical repair is a viable treatment option if diagnosed early.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 11:20:01 +000
  • Contemporaneous Insufficiency Fractures of Bilateral Femoral Necks in an
           Older Patient Taking Bisphosphonate: A Case Report and Literature Review

    • Abstract: We report, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of simultaneous insufficiency fracture of the bilateral femoral neck in an older patient taking bisphosphonate. Femoral neck fractures frequently occur in older individuals because of traumatic incidents, such as a fall. A 74-year-old woman with osteoporosis was taking raloxifene hydrochloride and bisphosphonate for approximately 5 and 3 years, respectively. Despite no history of falls or any other traumatic incidence, the patient reported cooccurrence of pain on both sides of the hip. Imaging revealed bilateral femoral neck fractures. Bipolar hemiarthroplasty and internal fixation were conducted on the right and left hips, respectively. At 6 months postoperatively, the patient reported gradual disappearance of left hip pain, and a radiograph revealed that the fracture had healed. Overall, clinical and histological findings suggested an atypical fracture, thereby proving that this type of fracture can occur in areas other than the femoral shaft.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Apr 2022 06:50:01 +000
  • Distal Humerus Fracture Malunion in Adults: A Case Report and a Review of
           the Literature

    • Abstract: Introduction. Neglected distal humerus fractures are rare injuries, which the orthopaedic surgeon will not deal many times in his career. We present a case of a young patient with such an injury, who was treated with a corrective osteotomy and fixation, resulting in a very good outcome. This case report highlights the importance of surgical intervention for distal humerus fracture malunion. A narrative review of the literature regarding this topic is presented as well. Case Report. A 42-year-old female patient presented to our department nine weeks after a displaced distal humerus fracture, which was treated conservatively in another institution. Ulnar nerve neuropathy, pain, and severe stiffness of the elbow were her main symptoms. Open correction of the deformity, anatomical reduction of the articular surface, and realignment of the metaphyseal level of the fracture were performed. Six months postoperation, a painless flexion-extension arc of 110° and a normal rotation of the forearm was achieved. Conclusion. Distal humerus fracture malunion is a challenge. The operation needed for this purpose is much more demanding, and postsurgical complications are more likely to occur as opposed to the treatment of acute fractures. If a proper surgery is performed though, a good clinical outcome can be expected.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Apr 2022 06:50:01 +000
  • Dogs: A Man’s Best Friend or a Deadly Beast—A Discussion on
           Capnocytophaga canimorsus

    • Abstract: Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a catalase-positive and oxidase-positive gram-negative bacillus commonly found in dog saliva that is a rare cause of infection in immunocompromised individuals. We report the case of a 70-year-old woman with Waldenström macroglobulinemia treated with ibrutinib and a history of bilateral shoulder arthroplasty and bilateral knee arthroplasty who reported a 1-year history of multi-joint pain and swelling. The patient resides with two pet dogs that often scratch and bite, penetrating the skin, and on culture was found to have Capnocytophaga canimorsus.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 12:05:01 +000
  • Favorable Outcome Twenty-Two Months after Delbet Type Ib Capital Femoral
           Transepiphyseal Fracture and Posterior Column Acetabular Fracture in a
           Fifteen-Year-Old Male

    • Abstract: Case. A fifteen-year-old male patient sustained a posteriorly dislocated right capital femoral Delbet type Ib epiphyseal fracture-separation and a right acetabular posterior column fracture after a low-energy trip and fall. The capital femoral epiphysis was closed reduced and fixed with cannulated screws on an urgent basis. He underwent acetabular osteosynthesis via a Kocher-Langenbeck approach two days thereafter. Twenty-two months after injury, he was weight-bearing on the right lower extremity without radiologic evidence of avascular necrosis or clinical evidence of pain or functional deficit. Conclusion. Fracture-separation of the capital femoral epiphysis comprises only 8% of skeletally immature femoral neck fractures in the Delbet and Colonna classification. Prognosis is worse with ipsilateral hip dislocation due to the risk of avascular necrosis from disruption of the medial femoral circumflex artery. Urgent referral to a trauma center and treatment by appropriate specialists enables good long-term results after this uncommon traumatic injury pattern.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Apr 2022 11:05:00 +000
  • Simultaneous Bilateral Proximal Humerus Fractures Treated with
           Single-Stage Bilateral Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty

    • Abstract: Introduction. Simultaneous bilateral fractures of the proximal humerus are infrequent, and simultaneous bilateral three- or four-part fractures are even rarer. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is being used increasingly for the treatment of three- and four-part fractures of the proximal humerus. However, treatment of simultaneous bilateral fractures of the proximal humerus is difficult because of concern about postoperative immobilization and rehabilitation. Case Presentation. A 75-year-old woman presented with bilateral shoulder pain subsequent to a fall on the street. Physical examination and radiographs showed simultaneous bilateral fractures of the proximal humerus. The right side fracture was classified as a four-part fracture and the left side fracture as a three-part fracture, according to Neer’s classification. The right shoulder had a risk of avascular necrosis of the humeral head. For the left shoulder, the fracture type had caused ischemia of the humeral head. Single-stage bilateral RSA was performed 9 days after the injury. An abduction pillow was applied for 5 weeks postoperatively. Passive motion exercises were permitted starting at 4 weeks postoperatively, and active range of motion exercises were permitted at 6 weeks postoperatively. At the patient’s most recent follow-up 30 months after surgery, the patient reported no restriction of the activities of daily living. Radiographs revealed no lucent line on the humerus and glenoid components, although bone resorption and superior retraction of the tuberosities on both sides were observed. Conclusions. Single-stage bilateral RSA improved shoulder function, but healing of the greater tuberosity can affect the improvement in external rotation after the operation. Although a long-term follow-up is needed, single-stage bilateral RSA appears to be a viable treatment option.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Apr 2022 10:20:00 +000
  • Isolated Femoral LCL Avulsion Fracture in the Adult Knee: Two Patient
           Cases and Literature Review

    • Abstract: Avulsion injuries of the LCL most commonly occur at the fibular insertion. Femoral LCL avulsion injuries have only been previously described in pediatric patients or as multiligament knee injury components among adults. This case series with comprehensive literature review describes for the first time 2 cases of isolated LCL femoral avulsion fractures in adults including conservative treatment outcomes. Both patients sustained a strong varus stress mechanism to their right knee, following sport injury or road traffic accident. For both patients, a complete radiographic evaluation including X-rays, MRI, and CT scan confirmed no other associated knee lesions. The femoral LCL avulsion fractures that were observed were minimally displaced and noncomminuted. Furthermore, imagery suggested preserved integrity at the superior lateral genicular artery, adjacent articular capsule, and IT band. Based on clinical and imaging evaluations, the decision was made to follow conservative treatment. By 10 weeks postinjury, both patients were asymptomatic with early radiological fracture healing evidence. Comparative varus stress radiographs at 20° knee flexion revealed no side-to-side differences and clinical exam showed no posterolateral rotatory instability. The second patient case presented with mild femoral LCL attachment calcification on follow-up CT-scan. Following a detailed analysis of anatomic injury characteristics, we suggest that patients with isolated femoral LCL avulsion fractures have low secondary displacement risk provided SLGA, articular capsule, and IT band integrity are present. In contrast to high-grade ligamentous and distal avulsion LCL injuries, we recommend conservative treatment for patients who sustain these lesions.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Apr 2022 07:05:00 +000
  • Management of Tracheal Perforation following Anterior Cervical Spine
           Surgery: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature

    • Abstract: Background. Tracheal perforation is a complication very rare but challenging that follows anterior cervical spine surgery. This article describes the management of tracheal perforation due to instrument failure after anterior cervical spine surgery performed in two patients because of fracture dislocation of the subaxial cervical spine. Case Presentation. Two patients who suffered from a subaxial cervical fracture and dislocation were subjected to anterior cervical spine surgery for fracture reduction and cervical fusion. However, instrumentation failure occurred in both patients, resulting in implant displacement and penetration into the posterior tracheal wall. Revision surgery consisted of fracture reduction, multilevel posterior fixation, and removal of the displaced anterior cervical implants. Tracheal perforation was bypassed by placing a tracheostomy tube in a caudal position for the diversion of the airflow and tracheal hygiene. The thorough debridement and drainage performed in both patients allowed a complete healing of the anterior wound in both of them, with no sign of infection or subcutaneous emphysema, as confirmed by postoperative CT scan and flexible bronchoscopy. Both patients acquired a solid fusion of the cervical spine at last follow-up (16 months and 24 months). Conclusions. The perforation of the trachea after anterior cervical spine surgery due to the displacement of the implants could be managed using posterior cervical instrumentation and fusion, the removal of the anterior implant, debridement and drainage, and the use of a distal bypassing tracheostomy tube.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Apr 2022 15:20:00 +000
  • “The Baltic Sea Germ”: A Case Report of Necrotizing Fasciitis
           following Vibrio vulnificus Infection

    • Abstract: Reported is an 80-year-old patient with septic shock from necrotizing fasciitis secondary to a Vibrio vulnificus (Vv) infection. The patient reports having been swimming in the Baltic Sea after a minor trauma to the left leg. Emergency superficial necrosectomy followed by intensive medical therapy was performed. Antibiotic therapy was initiated with a third-generation cephalosporin and a tetracycline. Vv was detected in the intraoperative microbiological smears. Instead of a leg amputation and a flap, due to the patient’s age, a split skin covering to consolidate the wound was performed. Vv is a gram-negative rod bacterium of the genus Vibrio. Vv occurs in warm, low-salinity seawater (brackish water). In Germany, Vv occurs primarily in river mouths of the low-salinity Baltic Sea. Infections by Vv can occur through open wounds or by eating raw infected seafood, especially oysters. Infection via wounds often take a fulminant lethal course. Patients with chronic diseases, weakened immune system, and open wounds are particularly at risk. Infections with Vv are rare, but occur worldwide. Global warming is expected to spread Vv as water temperature increases and the dilution effect of sea level rise further decreases ocean salinity, and natural disasters promote the spread of Vv.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 09:35:00 +000
  • Dural Injury Treatment with a Full-Endoscopic Transforaminal Approach: A
           Case Report and Description of Surgical Technique

    • Abstract: Introduction. The objective of this study was to describe a surgical technique that uses transforaminal full-endoscopic access, which is different from the existing protocol, and to demonstrate another method of dural tear repair during endoscopic spine surgery. Background. Endoscopic spine surgery was initially described for lumbar disc pathologies. Technical advances and new materials have made it possible to treat cervical and thoracic spinal degenerative disorders. These advances have also made it possible to treat surgical complications, notably dural tears with CSF fistulas. The literature indicates that the incidence of these injuries ranges from 1% to 17%. Materials and Methods. Descriptive technical note of innovative and improved endoscopic surgical procedure exemplified with illustrative clinical case and comparative literature review. Results. There is only one report describing a full-endoscopic suture technique for dural sac repair. The gold standard for treatment of the most significant nonpunctate lesions continues to be a conversion to open surgery for lesion closure. Conversion can be problematic because most surgeries are performed under sedation and local anesthesia. Conclusions. In this case report and the new endoscopic suture technique described here, we show that primary correction of dural tears through endoscopy is possible. In addition to representing a paradigm break in solving one of the main complications of these procedures, it can expand the possibilities of spine endoscopy.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Mar 2022 05:35:00 +000
  • Brachymetatarsia: Surgical Management, Case Report, and Literature Review

    • Abstract: Background. Brachymetatarsia is defined by an abnormal shortening of the metatarsal bone. This rare condition is mostly primary and congenital. Consequences of this malformation are both esthetic and functional, due to pain and mechanical problems in the forefoot. Surgical management is an important part of patient care. There are two main options: gradual lengthening by progressive callotosis distraction using an external fixator and one stage lengthening using bone graft and osteotomy of the bone. This review presents two cases using the one stage lengthening surgical management method. We also discuss some reports in the literature with the aim to compare the advantages and disadvantages of the two surgical methods. Literature concerning the surgical management of brachymetatarsia was identified using the PubMed and Google Scholar databases. Patient Presentation. We describe two female patients aged 20 and 26 years who underwent one stage lengthening surgery of the fourth toe with isolated brachymetatarsia using an iliac bone graft and internal fixator plate. The two patients had a lengthening of around 10 mm after postoperative evaluation. No skin complications were noted, but one of the patients reported flexor stiffness after surgery. Concerning the functional and cosmetic aspects, the two patients are satisfied with the management. Conclusions. In the literature, one stage lengthening seems to be the most favorable option for the care of brachymetatarsia. Studies show a short healing time and fewer complications like infection, stiffness, malalignment, and malunion. Some reviews note the utility of the gradual lengthening of severe brachymetatarsia when a longer lengthening is necessary. There is no definite consensus concerning the management of brachymetatarsia.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Mar 2022 06:05:00 +000
  • A Child with a Painful Foot: How to Get a Definitive Diagnosis

    • Abstract: This case report describes an 8-year-old healthy boy with a retained wooden foreign body in his 4th metatarsal bone of his right foot. He was presented several months after the initial trauma, stepping into a toothpick, had occurred. He was operated in our hospital, and the wooden toothpick was removed. The operation and recovery were both uncomplicated. History and physical examination are essential in these types of cases with a history of penetrating trauma but can be inconclusive due to the delay in presentation. Aggressive treatment on the other hand is necessary to prevent bigger problems such as the development of inflammatory problems and persisting complaints. A thorough, systematic, and complete work-up from the history to treatment is therefore necessary and will be described in this case report.
      PubDate: Tue, 08 Mar 2022 09:05:00 +000
  • Pleomorphic Liposarcoma of Femur: A Rare Soft Tissue Sarcoma Metastasized
           to the Bone—Case Report and Review of Literature

    • Abstract: Background. Pleomorphic liposarcoma (PLPS) accounts for less than 5% of liposarcoma, and its metastasis to bone is rare. As a high-grade tumor, PLPS is reported to be more invasive with high local recurrence and distant metastasis. Here, we report a case of PLPS of the femur and undertake a review of the literature. Case Presentation. A 58-year-old man presented with a big mass at posterior aspect of his left thigh. The computed tomography of the chest for staging revealed two nodules at the left upper lung field. Wide resection of the soft tissue mass at the left thigh was performed by a general surgeon. Thoracotomy and wedge resection of the lung nodules was carried out by a cardiothoracic surgeon. Pathologic diagnosis suggested PLPS. Three years later, he was presented with sudden right hip pain after he slipped. The plain radiograph revealed an osteolytic lesion at the right proximal femur with minimally displaced pathological fracture. The MRI showed the presence of a tumor at the proximal part of the right femur and its soft tissue invasion. The patient underwent en bloc proximal femur wide resection followed by cemented long-stem bipolar hemiarthroplasty. The final histopathology report from definite surgery specimen revealed pleomorphic spindle, round, and polygonal cells arranged in sheets, short fascicles, and storiform arrays. There were no complications, adverse outcomes, or recurrence reported at six months after surgery. The patient could walk without gait aid and had good functional outcomes according to the TESS questionnaire. Conclusion. PLPS is a highly aggressive tumor with a high distant metastatic rate. The definite diagnosis of PLPS is made on the basis of histopathology. Surgical treatment involving wide resection that aims to achieve a negative margin is the best option currently available, and we recommend treating bone metastasis from PLPS as the primary site of the tumor. The effect of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in preventing postoperative recurrence is still unclear and requires further studies.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Mar 2022 09:05:00 +000
  • Rare Presentation of Angiolipoma Affecting an Intact Achilles Tendon

    • Abstract: Musculoskeletal lipomatous lesions are common in soft tissues. However, these are rarely associated with tendon sheaths or tendon compartments. Moreover, angiolipoma of the Achilles tendon is yet to be described. Here, we report an angiolipoma of an intact Achilles tendon, which has not been described previously. A 54-year-old woman presented with a two-year history of a palpable mass in the posterior aspect of the left ankle. The mass caused an intermittent localized pain while walking and a catching phenomenon induced by the plantar dorsiflexion movement of the ankle joint. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-circumscribed, oval lesion on the lateral aspect of the Achilles tendon. The location and shape of the lesion had changed over time, suggesting that the lesion was moving in and out around the Achilles tendon. At the surgery, the tumor was confirmed under the crural fascia. Histopathological examination revealed that the tumor comprised mature adipocytes covered peripherally with a fibrovascular capsule. Based on these features, the tumor was diagnosed as an angiolipoma. Angiolipomas are typically treated surgically by simple excision, and lipomatous lesions of the tendon sheath are not different. From this case report, angiolipomas are rare but should be considered in the differential diagnosis and treatment of Achilles tendon tumors.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Mar 2022 06:20:00 +000
  • A Case of Recurrent Compartment Syndrome with Concomitant Use of Eliquis

    • Abstract: Introduction. Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) occurs secondary to increasing pressure within a fascial compartment that exceeds perfusion pressure. This can be caused by spontaneous hematomas, which can be secondary to prolonged anticoagulation therapy. Eliquis® has not been associated with ACS of the thigh in any of the currently published literature. Identifying ACS early is important because it can reduce the risk of permanent structural damage, limb amputations, and mortality rates. Case Report. A 43-year-old male with past medical history of unprovoked Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) eight months prior to presentation on Eliquis® presented to the emergency department for significant right thigh pain after riding a roller coaster. There was increased tone/firmness of the anterior compartment and tenderness on palpation of the proximal two-thirds of the anterior thigh. Imaging, clinical findings, and Stryker needle measurements confirmed ACS secondary to hematoma, which required fasciotomy and evacuation of the hematoma. The patient was temporarily switched to aspirin for DVT prophylaxis postoperatively to prevent new hematoma formation. Six weeks later, the patient arrived at the ED with a DVT that was treated with Eliquis®. Eight months later, the same patient presented with acute right thigh pain that started while lying in bed. A diagnosis of recurrent ACS in the right anterior thigh was made, requiring a fasciotomy. Surgery was successful without any complications. Discussion. Eliquis® is associated with an increased risk of hematoma formation, which can lead to ACS. This is a rare adverse effect that providers should be aware of because it requires early management to prevent ACS-associated complications. This is significant because no currently published literature has identified an association of Eliquis® with ACS in the thigh. In cases of atraumatic ACS, we were unable to find any protocols advocating for or against the use of DVT prophylaxis postfasciotomy in the literature.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Mar 2022 06:20:00 +000
  • Baseball Related Injuries: A Case Report on Acute Compartment Syndrome of
           the Forearm

    • Abstract: Acute compartment syndrome is a difficult diagnosis to make due to its wide range of clinical presentations. Delay or misdiagnosis can cause devastating consequences such as Volkmann’s ischemic contracture, permanent nerve damage, amputation, and death. Lower extremity compartment syndrome is more common than upper extremity compartment syndrome, with the forearm being the most common location for upper extremity compartment syndrome. Acute compartment syndrome is most caused by acute fracture trauma but can also be due to soft tissue crush injuries or vascular problems. We report a unique case of a male umpire being struck on the forearm by a baseball with subsequent progression to an acute compartment syndrome that required emergent fasciotomies. The patient made a full recovery with no known long-term sequelae.
      PubDate: Sun, 06 Mar 2022 02:50:00 +000
  • Neglected Stress Fracture of the Second Proximal Phalanx in a Teenage

    • Abstract: We present a case of nondiagnosed comminuted stress fracture of the base of the proximal phalanx associated with flexor digitalis longus rupture in a teenage athlete. To our knowledge, there is no description in the literature of such a combination of injuries due to delayed diagnosis and incorrect treatment, including injections in the metatarsophalangeal joint of the second toe. The present article focuses on the importance of clinical suspicion of this rare lesion to achieve early diagnosis and avoid surgical treatment. Finally, the surgical technique used to treat this uncommon injury in the chronic phase, which yielded an excellent outcome in this teenage athlete, is described.
      PubDate: Thu, 03 Mar 2022 06:50:00 +000
  • Delayed Treatment of Traumatic Cervical Dislocation: A Case Report and
           Literature Review

    • Abstract: Neglected unreduced cervical dislocation is very uncommon. In our case (a lady who stayed asymptomatic for 13 months before development of cervicobrachialgia), the anterior reduction/arthrodesis was easy, and we did not find any benefit from an additional posterior procedure thanks to a congenital block between C7 and T1 vertebral bodies. This point is nevertheless a matter of debate. After a review of the literature, we did not find any consensus about the ideal scheme and sequence to reduce and stabilize this delayed type of cervical trauma. We emphasize the need of dynamic radiographies to exclude unstable injuries but also a prereduction MRI (especially in unexaminable patients) to detect any dangerous disc fragment. If there is no visible change in the radiological status while attempting to reduce the dislocation by external maneuvers, there is little chance to reduce it successfully only by a single approach. Therefore, in irreducible delayed dislocations, it seems safer to prepare the reduction/fusion stage (either anterior/posterior, depending on the habits and skills of the surgeon) by a first stage carrying out a release of the fibrous tissues on the opposite side (either posterior to release the facet joints or anterior to release the intervertebral disc), followed by the reduction/fusion stage itself and then by a third stage to lock the level. Like many authors, we recommend an anterior approach first in case of an extruded disc visible on the MRI, and therefore, we show a preference for the anterior-posterior-anterior sequence in irreducible delayed cervical dislocations.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 Mar 2022 07:20:00 +000
  • Looking through the Lens: The Reality of Telesurgical Support with
           Interactive Technology Using Microsoft’s HoloLens 2

    • Abstract: Reality technologies in the orthopaedic arena have been increasing in use over the last decade, including virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and mixed reality (MR). MR is one of the most recent innovations and perhaps the most promising for improving the overall surgical experience. The purpose of this case report was to demonstrate a complex total knee arthroplasty case where unplanned remote assistance was used for telesurgical support using the HoloLens 2.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 11:35:00 +000
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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