Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8196 journals)
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ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (150 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 152 of 152 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Orthopaedica     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Orthopedics     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthritis und Rheuma     Hybrid Journal  
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone & Joint 360     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Bone Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Burns & Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cartilage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Orthopedic Research     Open Access  
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Traumatology     Open Access  
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Concussion     Open Access  
Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Orthopaedic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Der Orthopäde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Die Wirbelsäule     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Orthopedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
East African Orthopaedic Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
EFORT Open Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Técnicas Quirúrgicas - Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Tecniche Chirurgiche - Chirurgia Ortopedica     Full-text available via subscription  
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Podiatry / Revista Europea de Podología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Foot & Ankle International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Gait & Posture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Spine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Hip International     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Injury     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Orthopaedics     Open Access  
International Musculoskeletal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JAAOS : Global Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JBJS Journal of Orthopaedics for Physician Assistants     Hybrid Journal  
JBJS Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
JOR Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de Traumatologie du Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal für Mineralstoffwechsel & Muskuloskelettale Erkrankungen     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Bone and Joint Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bone and Joint Infection     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Musculoskeletal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Journal of Orthopaedic Association of South Indian States     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Orthopaedic Diseases and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Orthopaedic Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Orthopaedic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Orthopaedic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Orthopaedic Translation     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Orthopedics & Rheumatology     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopedics, Traumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Scleroderma and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Musculoskeletal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian Journal of Orthopaedics and Trauma     Open Access  
North American Spine Society Journal (NASSJ)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
OA Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Obere Extremität     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Journal of Orthopedics and Rheumatology     Open Access  
Open Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Open Orthopaedics Journal     Open Access  
Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie     Hybrid Journal  
Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopädie & Rheuma     Full-text available via subscription  
Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie up2date     Hybrid Journal  
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Orthopaedic Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Orthopaedic Proceedings     Partially Free  
Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopaedics and Trauma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Orthopedic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Orthopedic Research and Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Orthopedic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthoplastic Surgery     Open Access  
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage Open     Open Access  
Osteologie     Hybrid Journal  
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia     Open Access  
OTA International     Open Access  
Paediatric Orthopaedics and Related Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pain Management in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Prosthetics and Orthotics International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Chilena de Ortopedia y Traumatología / Chilean Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologí­a     Open Access  
Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Open Access  
Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Portuguesa de Ortopedia e Traumatologia     Open Access  
Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Romanian Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology     Open Access  
SA Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SICOT-J     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Sport-Orthopädie - Sport-Traumatologie - Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Techniques in Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma (Travma)     Open Access  
Trauma und Berufskrankheit     Hybrid Journal  
Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ортопедия, травматология и протезирование     Open Access  


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.392
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0019-5413 - ISSN (Online) 1998-3727
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Kneeling Stress Radiography: A Forgotten Yet Dependable Tool for
           Postero-lateral Knee Instability

    • Abstract: Introduction Diagnosing postero-lateral knee instability is a challenge from both clinical and radiologic perspective and can lead to significant morbidity if left untreated. Delayed diagnosis leads to a more demanding surgery and prolonged rehabilitation for the patient. Kneeling stress radiograph is a lost art but remains invaluable in the assessment of postero-lateral knee instability. Methods This prospective observational study is aimed at re-exploring the undeniable utility of this forgotten tool in early diagnosis of posterolateral knee instability and identifying the mean posterior tibial translation distance (PTTD) and also assessing side to side difference (SSD) between the injured and the contralateral normal knee. Results Total 27 patients were included in the study, with males being 4.4 times more commonly injured as compared to females. The most common mode of injury was motor vehicle accident (MVA). Out of 27 patients, 11 had isolated PCL (posterior cruciate ligament) injury while the rest had PLC (posterolateral corner) involvement. The mean SSD of PTTD was 8.79 mm in patient with isolated PCL. This was increased by 1.65 times (14.52 mm) in patients with co-existing PLC involvement. Conclusion Stress radiography is an indelible tool and serves as an adjunct to MRI imaging. It is not a substitute for clinical assessment but assists in early diagnosis and management, facilitating surgical planning and furnishing objective evidence of PCL/PLC functionality which is not possible with any other imaging modality.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
  • Effect of Insoles Treatment on School-Age Children with Symptomatic
           Flexible Flatfoot: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study

    • Abstract: Background Flatfoot is common among children. Symptomatic flexible flatfoot is one of the various types which needs treatment. Wearing insoles is considered one of the conservative therapies, but its effects are still uncertain. This study aims to provide evidence for the efficacy of insoles treatment among school-aged children with symptomatic flexible flatfoot. Methods Patient who were Children who were diagnosed with symptomatic flexible flatfoot and received insoles treatment in authors’ institute were retrospectively included. Their ages, body mass index, pain positions, pain frequency, valgus angle, arch index and visual analogue scale (VAS) score were collected before and after insole treatment. Results A total of 32 children were included in this study. The results showed that wearing insoles for 2 years caused a significant improvement in pain frequency, valgus angle, arch index and VAS score. Conclusions This study indicated that pediatric symptomatic flexible flatfoot could be relieved by wearing insoles for 2 years. Insole treatment might be a workable option for pediatric symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children older than 6 years old.
      PubDate: 2022-08-11
  • Anatomical Parameters Associated with the Shortening Decision in Crowe
           Type 4 Dysplastic Hip Osteoarthritis: A Case–Control Study

    • Abstract: Background Muscle and bone morphometry may be potent indicators for predicting femoral subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy (FSSO). We aimed to investigate muscular and bony factors that may be predictive of FSSO. Methods Patients with unilateral Crowe type 4 developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) who underwent unilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) without (Group 1, 31 patients) and with FSSO (Group 2, 39 patients) were included. Sixty healthy hips (Group 3) were selected as the control group. Several muscular and bony parameters were measured on the operative (O) and non-operative (NO) hips on radiographs and computed tomography (CT) images. Results The mean NO gluteus medius cross-sectional area (CSA) index (NO-GMed CI), NO tensor fasia lata (TFL) CI, NO iliopsoas (IP) CI, and NO gluteus maximus (GMax) CI for the control group were lower than those for both Crowe type IV DDH with and without FSSO. The mean NO gluteus minimus CI (NO-GMin CI) for the control group were higher than those for both Crowe type IV DDH with and without FSSO. There was significant difference between Groups 1 and 2 regarding axial position of neo-acetabulum (APNA) (− 0.03 ± 8.5 vs. 5.27 ± 6.33, p = 0.004), coronal position of neo-acetabulum (CPNA) (33.39 ± 10.65 vs. 53.70 ± 12.27, p = 0.000), operative leg length discrepancy (O-LLD) (14.18 ± 15.14 vs. 24.44 ± 15.80, p = 0.001), O-gluteus minimus (GMin) length (155.34 ± 157.73 vs. 106.79 ± 20, p =  < 0.01), and O-GMin CI (57.28 ± 58.59 vs. 29.95 ± 12.13, p =  < 0.01). The cutoff values determined by the receiving operating curve analyses were as follows: 13.7 mm, 2.5 mm, and 41.4 mm for O-LLD, APNA, and CPNA, respectively. Conclusion FSSO is associated with APNA, CPNA, O-LLD, O-GMin length, and O-GMin CI. By using cutoff values of APNA, CPNA, and O-LLD, predicting FSSO preoperatively is possible. Owing to these parameters, it may be possible to lower the technically demanding level of surgery.
      PubDate: 2022-08-10
  • Modified Posterior 2-Portal Technique of Arthroscopic Subtalar Joint
           Arthrodesis: Improved Pain and Functional Outcome at Mean 15 Months
           Follow-up—A Case Series

    • Abstract: Introduction Posterior arthroscopic subtalar joint arthrodesis (PASTA) via a posterior 2-portal technique has been described. We modified the surgical technique of creating the portals in the plane of the posterior facet (under fluoroscopy guidance) to enhance the ease of access to the joint, easier and complete removal of articular cartilage along with maintaining the heel height. Methods Patients of post-traumatic subtalar joint arthritis, treated by PASTA during 2016 till 2019 were included in the study. Exclusion criteria: significant height collapse of calcaneum, lateral blow out or heel widening. The confirmation of subtalar joint as the source of pain was done by injection of local anaesthetic inside the joint under the image intensifier, bringing immediate pain relief. The primary outcome variables assessed were the pain and functional scores, assessed using visual analogue scale and AOFAS (American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) score, respectively. Results The total of 16 patients (7 males, 9 females) was included. The average age was 40.68 years (23–58 years). The underlying pathology in all patients was post-traumatic subtalar arthritis secondary to calcaneus fracture malunion in 8 patients (50%), talus fracture malunion in 4 (25%) and ligament injury in 2 patients (12.5%). No bone grafting was done. The mean duration of follow-up was 15.6 months (9–24 months). There was a statistically significant improvement (p < 0.001) in mean VAS score at follow up (2; range 0–4) as compared to the mean preoperative score (7; range 6–9). The AOFAS score also improved significantly (p < 0.001) at the follow up (mean 79; range 68–89) as compared to the preoperative score (mean 18; range 10–25). Conclusion The posterior arthroscopic fusion of subtalar joint gives good results in terms of pain relief and functional scores when done for carefully selected patients of subtalar joint arthritis. Our slight modification of the original technique improves the ease of removing cartilage from subtalar joint with minimal height loss; thus, precluding any need for bone graft. It also makes the instrument movement easier inside the joint.
      PubDate: 2022-08-09
  • Effectiveness and Biomechanical Analysis of the Ortho-Bridge System on
           Femoral Fracture Healing: A Retrospective Analysis

    • Abstract: Background Among the surgical methods for femoral fractures, the Ortho-Bridge System (OBS) appears to heal fractures via an uncommon process. We compared its effectiveness and biomechanical aspects to those of a locking compression plate (LCP) and explained the healing process demonstrated by the OBS. Methods Eleven femoral shaft fracture cases treated with OBS between July 2017 and May 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical and radiographic data were collected during regular postoperative follow-up visits and assessed via the Harris Hip Score and Knee Society Score. We performed biomechanical experiments of OBS. We simulated different fracture conditions and selected appropriate screw holes at the fracture’s far and near segments. The OBS module was placed according to the position of LCP’s locking hole at both ends of the fracture; then, a static three-point bending test was performed. Results All patients had contralateral callus growth with secondary fracture healing. Healing time was 3–5 months with excellent hip and knee function. When the key screw distance was 22–34 mm, the OBS was significantly less stiff than the LCP (P < 0.05). The stiffness of LCP and OBS decreased significantly when the key screw distance was 49–82 mm, with the LCP being slightly stronger (P < 0.05). Conclusions Femoral shaft fracture treatment with OBS demonstrated secondary healing. When the distance between the key screws was 20–40 mm, the elasticity was higher in OBS than in LCP, possibly producing axial micro-motion to stimulate callus formation and promote fracture healing, which differ from the plate’s primary healing process.
      PubDate: 2022-08-09
  • Knowledge Areas and New Trends in Lumbar Disc Herniation Research:
           Bibliometrics and Knowledge Mapping Analysis

    • Abstract: Objective To determine the coalitions and impact of authors, countries, institutions, and journals, evaluate the knowledge base, find the hotspot trends, and identify the emerging topics in lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Method The articles related to LDH were obtained from the Web of Science Core Collection on August 21, 2021. Two scientometric software (CiteSpace 5.8.R.1 and VOSviewer 1.6.17) were used to perform bibliometric and knowledge-map analysis. Results From the set parameters, 4642 articles were included in the literature. Although the total number of publications fluctuated between 2001 and 2020, a general trend toward increase was observed. Respectively, the most productive country and institution in the field were the United States and Wooridul Spine Hospital. The most active and cited authors were Lee and Weinstein. Spine was the most impactful and cited journal. Weinstein (JAMA 296:2441–2450, 2006) had the highest number of co-citations and Weinstein(N Engl J Med 358:794-810, 2008) had the highest number of citations. The keyword “low back pain” was ranked first for frequency and total link strength, whereas “risk factor” was ranked first for centrality. Topics including pathogenesis (disc herniation), examination methods (MRI), treatment methods (non-surgical treatment, surgical treatment), surgical options (laminectomy, discectomy), clinical observations (double-blind, efficacy, outcome, learning curve), and evaluation of efficacy (meta-analysis) of LDH have been the focus of leading-edge research in 2001–2020. Conclusion Using bibliometric methods, this study mapped the knowledge map of LDH research in the past 20 years. The study identifies existing trends to provide a framework for further research.
      PubDate: 2022-08-04
  • Bipolar Sealers and Tourniquet Use Have Similar Outcomes in Total Knee

    • Abstract: Introduction The use of tourniquets and bipolar sealers are effective methods of hemostasis during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, their effect on perioperative patient outcomes is unknown. The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of tourniquet-less, tourniquet-less with use of a bipolar sealer, and tourniquet use on postoperative pain and surgical outcomes following TKA. Methods A retrospective study of prospectively collected data of 120 primary TKA cases was conducted at an urban academic hospital. Primary outcomes were visual analog scale (VAS) scores and opioid consumption (in morphine milligram equivalents). Demographics, length of stay (LOS), perioperative complications, and change in Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (ΔKOOS) were also collected. Patients were divided into cohorts based on the use of tourniquet-less with bipolar sealer (TRLB) (n = 40), tourniquet (TR) (n = 40), or tourniquet-less (TRL) (n = 40). Results There were no differences in demographic data between each cohort. TRLB, TR and TRL had similar LOS (2.68 ± 1.63 vs 2.29 ± 1.27 vs 2.36 ± 1.42 days; p = 0.472) and VAS pain score on postoperative day 1 (4.68 vs 3.74 vs 3.63; p = 0.209). There were also no differences in opioid consumption at 2 weeks (p = 0.903), 1 month (p = 0.973), 3 months (p = 0.983), or 5 months (p = 0.983) post-operatively. TRLB and TR had comparable improvement in ΔKOOS from baseline to 12 weeks post-operatively (Δ16.58 ± 8.47 vs Δ23.92 ± 14.60; p = 0.254). Compared to the ΔKOOS of TRL (Δ5.19 ± 2.59), TRLB and TR had clinically and statistically greater ΔKOOS improvements (p = 0.009; p = 0.001). The TRL cohort also had a higher readmission rate than TRLB and TR (15% vs 0% vs 5%, p = 0.025). Conclusion Our findings demonstrate that both bipolar sealer and tourniquet use in TKA are associated with similar postoperative pain levels and LOS in comparison to tourniquet-less only TKA. However, bipolar sealer and tourniquet use may lead to better longer term improvement such as greater PRO score improvement and fewer readmissions.
      PubDate: 2022-08-04
  • Risk Factors for Wound Complications Following Conversion TKA after Tibial
           Plateau Fracture

    • Abstract: Introduction The purpose is to investigate the incidence of wound complications for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) following tibial plateau open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). Materials and Methods A prospective arthroplasty registry was queried for patients with CPT codes for primary TKA, tibial plateau ORIF, removal of hardware (ROH), and diagnosis of post-traumatic arthritis. Patients were included if they had undergone tibial plateau ORIF and subsequent TKA. Chart review was performed to obtain demographic, clinical and post-operative information. Results Twenty-one patients were identified, with average age of 56.23 ± 13.2 years at time of tibial plateau ORIF and 62.91 ± 10.8 years at time of TKA. Seven (33.3%) patients had a tibial plateau fracture-related infection (FRI). Eight (38.1%) patients underwent ROH prior to TKA. Seven (33.3%) patients’ TKA incision incorporated the prior plateau incisions. Eight (36.4%) patients developed wound complications following TKA and 5 (23.8%) developed an acute periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) following TKA and had the plateau incision incorporated into the TKA incision. FRI history did not increase the rate of wound complications but did increase the rate of ROH prior to TKA. Conclusions Previous FRI involving tibial plateau repair surgery doesn’t correlate with PJI after conversion TKA for post traumatic OA. Surgeon-controlled factors such as staged ROH and incision placement can help reduce the rate of wound complications following TKA performed after tibial plateau ORIF. Level of Evidence Prognostic Level IV.
      PubDate: 2022-08-04
  • Judet’s Quadricepsplasty Technique Offers Excellent Functional Outcome
           Without an Extension Lag for Extension Contracture of the Knee: A
           Retrospective Cohort of 33 Patients

    • Abstract: Purpose The Judet’s technique of quadricepsplasty for an extension contracture of the knee joint offers the benefit of a sequential and controlled release of the intrinsic and extrinsic soft tissue constituents restricting the knee flexion. The main principle of our study was to analyze the clinical as well as functional outcome and to assess an extension lag following Judet’s quadricepsplasty for the knee extension contracture deformity. Materials and Methods This is a retrospective cohort study comprises of thirty three patients, operated for extension contracture with Judet’s quadricepsplasty with the mean follow-up was 30 months. Knee range of motion of the operated knee was recorded preoperatively and at 6, 12 and 24 month follow-up after the surgery. Judet’s criteria were used to evaluate the outcomes following the procedure. Results 92.42° (range, 60°–110°) of knee flexion was achieved after an average follow-up of 24 months compared to preoperative knee flexion was 14.09° (range 5°–25°), reflecting a 74.69° average improvement in knee flexion. Twelve patients had excellent results, nineteen had good results as per Judet’s criteria but there were no patients with extension lag. The two patients with fair results had superficial wound infection which healed without any further surgical intervention. Conclusions Judet’s quadricepsplasty offers sequential release without extension lag of the knee joint. Patients with the knee extension contractures deformity can be successfully managed with the Judet’s quadricepsplasty to gain useful knee motion and function.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
  • Multiple High‐Energy Open Injuries in the Same Limb: Comparison of
           Outcomes Between Salvage and Amputation Groups—Actual Strength of

    • PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic Neuropathy Type II in a Female Child with
           Multiple Orthopaedic Ailments: Diagnosis and Operative Management

    • Abstract: Abstract Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic Neuropathy (HSAN) Type II is an autosomal recessive genetic disease which presents predominantly with sensory neuropathy and neuropathic ulcers. HSAN Type II is a rare disease, and in the few cases that have been reported, the focus has been on identifying genetic markers of the disease. Orthopaedic conditions may be a major presentation of the disease, and the prevention of superficial trauma and foot care is the only definitive management.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Calcific Myonecrosis: Solving the Diagnostic Dilemma

    • Abstract: Abstract We report the clinico radiological presentation of an unusual case of an ossified soft tissue mass in the leg in a 74-year-old man. Calcific myonecrosis is a rare soft tissue condition characterized by calcified mass within a compartment. Differential diagnosis of myonecrosis include myositis ossificans and sarcomas with propensity for extra-osseous calcification like extra-skeletal osteosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma and epithelioid sarcoma. This entity is a late complication to trauma and prolonged high pressure state within the leg compartments. With imaging alone, the differential of soft tissue sarcoma could be ruled out but typical natural history of disease and radiopathological features aided in the diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Recurrent Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor (TGCT) in Thumb Treated by
           Excision and Adjuvant 3DCRT Radiation

    • Abstract: Abstract Tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCT) are benign intra-articular and soft-tissue tumors. However, they are known for recurrence in incomplete excisions and tumors adjacent to the distal joints and neurovascular structures in hand. With poor knowledge of intrinsic biology behind these clonal neoplastic tumors, wide excision and three-dimensional conformal adjuvant radiotherapy to the tumor bed significantly prevent a recurrence. We report a recurrent TGCT of the thumb around the interphalangeal joint in a 54-year-old man treated with wide excision and adjuvant three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT). There was no recurrence, and the patient had excellent functional outcomes at 3 years of follow-up.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Bilateral Atypical Subtrochanteric Femoral Fractures with Primary and
           Secondary Bone Healing in Pycnodysostosis

    • Abstract: Atypical subtrochanteric femoral fractures are a common problem associated with pycnodysostosis. Pycnodysostosis is a rare sclerotic bone disease caused by a mutation in the cathepsin K gene. Fracture healing in pycnodysostosis cases is typically inferior. Here, we report a case of bilateral atypical subtrochanteric femoral fractures in one patient with pycnodysostosis. The right subtrochanteric fracture was treated with open reduction and internal fixation (open plating), and united through primary bone healing, while the left one was treated with closed reduction and internal fixation (submuscular plating), and united through secondary bone healing. Although the time to bony union was delayed, fracture union after extramedullary osteosynthesis was obtained in both atypical fractures, demonstrating that both primary and secondary bone healing is possible in patients with pycnodysostosis. Level of Clinical Evidence 4.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Is a Vascularized Interphalangeal Unicondylar Transfer Worth the
           Efforts' Surgical Technique and Clinical Application

    • Abstract: Abstract Interphalangeal joints (IPJ) play a key role in hand function for performing activities of daily living and are frequently involved in complicated injuries resulting in significant functional limitations such as secondary arthritis and stiffness being the most challenging. In adult patients with more than 5 mm bone loss of the proximal articular surface who request a functional interphalangeal joint with minimal pain a vascularized joint transfer is a treatment choice. A unicondylar loss more than 5 mm wide in a 22-year-old carpenter is reported and illustrates our experience with a vascularized unicondylar transfer showing the advantages compared to the “classic” total joint transfer or distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint arthrodesis. By using this technique at the 12-month follow-up, we achieved no donor site complications, a good graft alignment, a good joint congruity, complete bone healing and a normal vascular patency with no signs of bone malunion or resorption of the graft.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Anatomic Study of the Medial Collateral Ligament in Thai Population: A
           Cadaveric Study of 56 Elbows

    • Abstract: Purpose This study aims to elucidate basic anatomic and geometric features of MCL, providing more accurate and detailed information, as guidance for surgeons, to improve patient’s outcome of the treatment. Methods The anterior bundle (AB), posterior bundle (PB) and transverse bundle (TB) ligament of 56 fresh frozen Thai cadaveric elbows, were measured and recorded, comprise key ligament’s geometric features, footprints and dimensions, and its relation to bony landmarks. Sagittal and coronal planes were used in respect of the anatomical position. Results The mean distance between the center of AB origin and the apex of medial epicondyle is as follows: 2.97 ± 2.21 mm anteriorly, 4.73 ± 1.60 mm inferiorly in the sagittal plane, and 4.23 ± 1.13 mm deep from the epicondyle in the coronal plane. Its dimension is 6.23 ± 1.02 mm in width and 45.97 ± 6.75 mm in length. The ligament’s insertion triangular shape has its base located 28.44 ± 3.51 mm anterior from the posterior olecranon border, and 22.52 ± 2.49 mm superior from the inferior ulnar border. The tip located 50.79 ± 4.86 mm anterior from the posterior olecranon border and 17.64 ± 2.80 mm superior from the inferior ulnar border. Conclusion Apprehension of the precise geometries and distances of the ligament’s footprint relative to key anatomical point is crucial. This stereographically comprehended data are useful for surgeon as reference points to obtain stability, motion, kinetic, and kinematic properties of the elbow. Level of Evidence. Level V evidence.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Prognostic Factors and Midterm Clinical Outcome of Transtibial Pullout and
           Partial Meniscectomy for Medial Meniscus Posterior Root Tears in
           Middle-Aged Patients

    • Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and radiological outcomes of transtibial pullout technique and partial meniscectomy, and to establish prognostic factors in middle-aged patients with mild knee osteoarthritis. Methods A comparative case–control analysis was conducted. 65 patients between 40 and 60 years of age were included into two groups: 30 patients who underwent transtibial pullout technique (group 1) and 35 patients who underwent partial meniscectomy (group 2). Mean follow-up was set at 27.2 months. Primary clinical outcomes included Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and Lysholm Knee Questionnare. Preoperative MRI and intraoperative arthroscopic findings were recorded. The correlation between these findings and patient-reported subjective outcome were assessed. Results The transtibial pullout group exhibited significantly greater improvement in clinical outcomes. A univariate model revealed that the presence of preoperative meniscal extrusion, body mass index (> 30), osteochondral defect, and female gender were predictors of poor clinical outcome. Multivariate regression analysis showed meniscal extrusion and osteochondral defect as significant prognostic factors for both study groups. Conclusion Medial meniscus root repair leads to significantly improved clinical outcomes compared to partial meniscectomy in middle-aged patients with mild knee osteoarthritis. Presence of meniscal extrusion, osteochondral defect, BMI > 30, and female gender were deemed as predictors of poor postoperative patient-reported outcome. Level of Evidence III therapeutic case–control study.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Femoral Shaft Fracture in Post-polio Syndrome Patients: Case Series from a
           Level-I Trauma Center and Review of Literature

    • Abstract: Background Femoral shaft fracture in patients of post-polio syndrome (PPS) represents an uncommon yet complex injury pattern. Poorly developed soft-tissue envelope, decreased muscle bulk, reduced vascularity, regional osteopenia, joint contractures, and altered bony anatomy impose significant surgical challenges. Thorough pre-operative planning is imperative as each case requires individualized approach and method of fixation. The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical outcomes in such patients following fracture fixation and to assess the surgical challenges encountered and provide solutions. Materials and Methods A retrospective case series of 33 patients with femoral shaft fracture in PPS limbs was undertaken. Mode of injury, method of fixation, surgical time, intra-operative blood loss, union time, and complications were recorded. Results Low-energy fall was the most common mechanism of injury (73%). Thirty-three patients underwent fixation with intramedullary nailing being the most common mode (79%). Femoral canal diameter, femoral bow, fracture location and morphology and clinical deformities of the patients are key governing factors that determine the choice of implant. Locking plates, pre-contoured anatomical plates, and titanium elastic nailing system offer an alternative in patients unsuitable for nailing. With no difference between various implants, average time for bone healing was 13.8 ± 4.4 weeks. All patients resumed full weight-bearing mobilization and returned to pre-injury activity status at the end of 6 months post-surgery. Conclusion With detailed pre-operative work-up, contemplating intra-operative difficulties, individualized surgical plan, careful handling of soft tissues, and availability of back-up implants, good clinical outcomes can be achieved in femur fractures in PPS patients.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Outcomes of Debridement, Antibiotics and Implant Retention (DAIR) for
           Periprosthetic Joint Infection in a High-Volume Arthroplasty Centre

    • Abstract: Purpose Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be a devastating diagnosis. Debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR) is a preferred treatment modality for acute PJI. A retrospective analysis of infected primary arthroplasties to evaluate the success of DAIR and factors influencing its outcomes. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent DAIR for PJI at our unit between 2010 and 2018. Patients who underwent revision surgery as an index procedure, arthroscopic washout and those with less than two years of follow-up were excluded. Treatment failure was defined as revision arthroplasty for recurrence of infection within 2 years of the index procedure. Chi-square and Fischer’s exact test were used to compare between patient factors and DAIR outcomes. Kaplan–Meier survival curve and log-rank test were used to analyse implant survivorship following DAIR. Results Of the sixty patients (40 knees, 20 hips) who underwent DAIR, eighteen (13 knees, 5 hips) required revision arthroplasty within 2 years accounting for a success rate of 70%. Predictive factors for revision were American Society of Anaesthesiologist (ASA) score of greater than 2 (p = 0.021), BMI > 35 (p = 0.046), C Reactive protein (CRP) > 200 mg/L (p = 0.007) and Staphylococcus aureus growth (p = 0.012). The five-year survival rate for DAIR was 70%, which remained constant after two years from DAIR. Conclusion Success rate of DAIR in PJI was 70% which was comparable to similar studies in the literature. ASA > 2, BMI > 35, CRP > 200 and staphylococcus aureus growth were predictors for DAIR failure. Implant survival rate and duration were better following DAIR in early-onset PJI.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Ellipsoidal Process of the Femoral Head in Legg–Calvé–Perthes
           Disease: Effect of Prophylactic Hemiepiphysiodesis

    • Abstract: Purpose Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease (LCPD) often causes the residual deformity, typically appearing as an ellipsoidal shape. In some cases, this ovalization is related to the asymmetric growth of the femoral head physis, which presents a growth-inhibiting necrotic area in the anterosuperior quadrant. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of selective hemiepiphysiodesis of the healthy physis in the posteroinferior quadrant as a means of disrupting femoral head ovalization in cases of LCPD with the previous onset of ovalization. Methods We performed a prospective study of 39 LCPD hips operated on consecutively by selective hemiepiphysiodesis of the posteroinferior portion of the head during the reossification phase. Surgical indication was based on a progressive increase in the ellipsoidal index (EI), the presence of a double epiphyseal nucleus of reossification, physeal narrowing, and physeal angulation. Hemiepiphysiodesis was performed at the mean patient age of 8.8 years (SD 1.5) and a mean of 4.7 years (SD 1.4) following disease onset. Results Preoperative EI was 1.80 (SD 0.2), which was reduced to 1.72 (SD 0.2) postoperatively (P > 0.05). Physeal angulation increased from 50° preoperatively (SD 9.3) to 54.29° (SD 9.7) at the end of growth (P > 0.05). The final result according to the Stulberg classification revealed 20 class-II cases, 16 class III, and 3 class IV, and SDS was 25.97 (SD 9.95), range: 9.36–51.67. Conclusion As revealed by the EI, the ellipsoidal process may be stopped by selective hemiepiphysiodesis in the posteroinferior quadrant of the femoral head. Level of Evidence II.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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