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ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (150 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 152 of 152 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Orthopaedica     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Orthopedics     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthritis und Rheuma     Hybrid Journal  
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone & Joint 360     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Bone Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Burns & Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cartilage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Orthopedic Research     Open Access  
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Traumatology     Open Access  
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Concussion     Open Access  
Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Orthopaedic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Der Orthopäde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Die Wirbelsäule     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Orthopedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
East African Orthopaedic Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
EFORT Open Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Técnicas Quirúrgicas - Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Tecniche Chirurgiche - Chirurgia Ortopedica     Full-text available via subscription  
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Podiatry / Revista Europea de Podología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Foot & Ankle International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Gait & Posture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Spine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Hip International     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Injury     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Orthopaedics     Open Access  
International Musculoskeletal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JAAOS : Global Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JBJS Journal of Orthopaedics for Physician Assistants     Hybrid Journal  
JBJS Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
JOR Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de Traumatologie du Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal für Mineralstoffwechsel & Muskuloskelettale Erkrankungen     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Bone and Joint Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bone and Joint Infection     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Musculoskeletal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Orthopaedic Association of South Indian States     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Orthopaedic Diseases and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Orthopaedic Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Orthopaedic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Orthopaedic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Orthopaedic Translation     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Orthopedics & Rheumatology     Open Access  
Journal of Orthopedics, Traumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Scleroderma and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Musculoskeletal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian Journal of Orthopaedics and Trauma     Open Access  
North American Spine Society Journal (NASSJ)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
OA Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Obere Extremität     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Journal of Orthopedics and Rheumatology     Open Access  
Open Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Open Orthopaedics Journal     Open Access  
Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie     Hybrid Journal  
Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopädie & Rheuma     Full-text available via subscription  
Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie up2date     Hybrid Journal  
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Orthopaedic Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Orthopaedic Proceedings     Partially Free  
Orthopaedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthopaedics and Trauma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Orthopedic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Orthopedic Research and Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Orthopedic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Orthoplastic Surgery     Open Access  
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage Open     Open Access  
Osteologie     Hybrid Journal  
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia     Open Access  
OTA International     Open Access  
Paediatric Orthopaedics and Related Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pain Management in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Prosthetics and Orthotics International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Chilena de Ortopedia y Traumatología / Chilean Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologí­a     Open Access  
Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología     Open Access  
Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Portuguesa de Ortopedia e Traumatologia     Open Access  
Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Romanian Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology     Open Access  
SA Orthopaedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SICOT-J     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Spine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Sport-Orthopädie - Sport-Traumatologie - Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Techniques in Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trauma (Travma)     Open Access  
Trauma und Berufskrankheit     Hybrid Journal  
Traumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ортопедия, травматология и протезирование     Open Access  

           

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Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.687
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1828-8936 - ISSN (Online) 1828-8928
Published by Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Unusual case of complex fracture dislocation of the elbow

    • PubDate: 2018-11-12
       
  • Effect of external fixation rod coupling in computed tomography

    • Abstract: Abstract External fixation is a common tool in the treatment of complex fractures, correction of limb deformity, and salvage arthrodesis. These devices typically incorporate radio-opaque metal rods/struts connected at varying distances and orientations between rings. Whilst the predominant imaging modality is plain film radiology, computed tomography (CT) may be performed in order for the surgeon to make a more confident clinical decision (e.g. timing of frame removal, assessment of degree of arthrodesis). We used a fractured sheep leg to systematically assess CT imaging performance with a Discovery CT750 HD CT scanner (GE Healthcare) to show how rod coupling in both traditional Ilizarov and hexapod frames distorts images. We also investigated the role of dual-energy CT (DECT) and metal artefact reduction software (MARS) on the visualisation of the fractured leg. Whilst mechanical reasons predominantly dictate the rod/strut configurations when building a circular frame, rod coupling in CT can be minimised. Firstly, ideally, all or all but one rod can be removed during imaging resulting in no rod coupling. If this is not possible, strategies for configuring the rods to minimise the effect of the rod coupling on the region of interest are demonstrated, e.g., in the case of a four-rod construct, switching the two anterior rods to a more central single one will achieve this goal without particularly jeopardising mechanical strength for a short period. It is also shown that the addition of DECT and MARS results in a reduction of artefacts, but also affects tissue and bone differentiation.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
       
  • Use of flexible intramedullary nailing in combination with an external
           fixator for a postoperative defect and pseudarthrosis of femur in a girl
           with osteogenesis imperfecta type VIII: a case report

    • Abstract: Abstract Telescopic rodding has been developed in order to obtain long-lasting osteosynthesis in the growing long bones of children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). The major and still unsolved drawback of any telescopic rod or nail design is a lack of rotational stability and, currently, no telescopic system allows immediate weight-bearing. When these problems are associated with insufficient longitudinal bone stability and diminished healing capacity, the result can be unfavourable causing secondary bone fragment displacement, delayed or non-union. This article presents a case report of operative treatment in a 9-year-old girl affected with OI type VIII complicated with postoperative defect and pseudarthrosis of the femur causing functional impairment with loss of walking ability. A combination of intramedullary flexible nailing and minimal external fixation was applied for treatment of femoral defect-pseudarthrosis in a girl of 9 years with OI type VIII. Intramedullary and extramedullary nails with wrapping of titanium nickel mesh subperiosteally provided osteosynthesis and deformity correction of the tibia of a small intramedullary canal diameter. Upright standing and walking with progressive weight-bearing was started 4 days after surgery. There were no septic or vascular complications nor complications related to Ilizarov fixator. Radiographs demonstrated bone union in the femur 46 days after surgery. At the follow-up visit 9 months after fixator removal, clinical alignment remained excellent without any relapse of deformity. Bone remodelling with restitution of medullary canal was noted on lower limb radiographs. The patient was able to stand and walk without pain with an aide or walker. At the follow-up visit 17 months after fixator removal, there was no decrease in achieved functional abilities and the treatment outcome remained satisfactory. Use of an external fixator with intramedullary nailing for treatment of postoperative pseudarthrosis in patient with severe OI (recessive form of OI, type VIII) provides longitudinal, rotational and angular stability. Furthermore, this approach ensured early functional activity and walking with full weight-bearing, both favourable conditions for bone tissue regeneration. The external fixator was applied for a short period and only for additional stability and not for progressive deformity correction or other manipulation. In addition, the combination of intramedullary and extramedullary nailing and subperiosteal titanium nickel mesh seems to be promising for osteosynthesis in the deformity correction of bones with small diameter in children with OI.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
       
  • Uniting the un-united: should established non-unions of femoral shaft
           fractures initially treated with IM nails be treated by plate augmentation
           instead of exchange IM nailing' A systematic review

    • Abstract: Abstract The majority of femoral fractures are surgically treated with intramedullary nails. Non-union rate is low but challenging and costly if it occurs. There have been encouraging results from the use of augmentative plating as a treatment for non-union of femoral fractures. We performed a systematic review of the literature to compare union rates, time to union and complications between exchange nailing and augmentative plating as a primary procedure following a diagnosis of femoral non-union following initial nailing. We found a total of 21 papers, which found the mean union rate of augmentative plating to be 99.8% compared to 74% (P = 2.05−12) found for exchange nailing. Times to union were comparable at 5.9 months for augmentative plating and 6.3 months for exchange nailing (P = 0.68916), and complication rate was 4% for augmentative plating compared to 20% for exchange nailing. From the evidence available, plate augmentation provides a more reliable union rate if used as the first operative intervention on a non-union of a femoral fracture compared to exchange nailing. Level of Evidence IV Systematic review of therapeutic studies.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
       
  • Transverse debridement and acute shortening followed by distraction
           histogenesis in the treatment of open tibial fractures with bone and soft
           tissue loss

    • Abstract: Abstract This retrospective case series evaluates the technique of transverse debridement, acute shortening and subsequent distraction histogenesis in the management of open tibial fractures with bone and soft tissue loss, thereby avoiding the need for a soft tissue flap to cover the wound. Thirty-one patients with Gustilo grade III open tibial fractures between 2001 and 2011 were initially managed with transverse wound extensions, debridement and shortening to provide bony apposition and allowing primary wound closure without tension, or coverage with mobilization of soft tissue and split skin graft. Temporary monolateral external fixation was used to allow soft tissues resuscitation, followed by Ilizarov frame for definitive fracture stabilization. Leg length discrepancy was corrected by corticotomy and distraction histogenesis. Union was evaluated radiologically and clinically. Patients’ mean age was 37.3 years (18.3–59.3). Mean bone defect was 3.2 cm (1–8 cm). Mean time to union was 40.1 weeks (12.6–80.7 weeks), and median frame index was 75 days/cm. Median lengthening index (time in frame after corticotomy for lengthening) was 63 days/cm. Mean clinic follow-up was 79 weeks (23–174). Six patients had a total of seven complications. Four patients re-fractured after frame removal, one of whom required a second frame. Two patients required a second frame for correction of residual deformity, and one patient developed a stiff non-union which united following a second frame. There were no cases of deep infection. Acute shortening followed by distraction histogenesis is a safe method for the acute treatment of open tibial fractures with bone and soft tissue loss. This method also avoids the cost, logistical issues and morbidity associated with the use of local or free-tissue transfer flaps and has a low rate of serious complications despite the injury severity.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
       
  • Surgical therapy of benign and low-grade malignant intramedullary
           chondroid lesions of the distal femur: intralesional resection and bone
           cement filling with or without osteosynthesis

    • Abstract: Abstract Surgical treatment of benign and low-grade malignant intramedullary chondroid lesions at the distal femur is not well analyzed compared to higher-grade chondrosarcomas. Localization at the distal femur offers high biomechanical risks requiring sophisticated treatment strategy, but scientific guidelines are missing. We therefore wanted to analyze a series of equally treated patients with intralesional resection and bone cement filling with and without additional osteosynthesis. Twenty-two consecutive patients could be included with intralesional excision and filling with polymethylmethacrylate bone cement alone (n = 10) or with compound bone cement osteosynthesis using a locking compression plate (n = 12). Clinical and radiological outcome was retrospectively evaluated including tumor recurrences, complications, satisfaction, pain, and function. Mean follow-up was 55 months (range 7–159 months). Complication rate was generally high with lesion-associated fractures both in the osteosynthesis group (n = 2) and in the non-osteosynthesis group (n = 2). All fractures occurred in lesions that reached the diaphysis. No fractures were found in meta-epiphyseal lesions. No tumor recurrence was found until final follow-up. Clinical outcome was good to excellent for both groups, but patients with additional osteosynthesis had significantly longer surgery time, more blood loss, longer postoperative stay in the hospital, more complications, more pain, less satisfaction, and worse functional outcome. Intralesional resection strategy was oncologically safe without local recurrences but revealed high risk of biomechanical complications if the lesion reached the diaphysis with an equal fracture rate no matter whether osteosynthesis was used or not. Additional osteosynthesis significantly worsened final clinical outcome and had more overall complications. This study may help guide surgeons to avoid overtreatment with additional osteosynthesis after curettage and bone cement filling of intramedullary lesions of the distal femur. Meta-epiphyseal lesions will need additional osteosynthesis rarely, contrary to diaphyseal lesions with considerable cortical thinning.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
       
  • Two consecutive limb lengthenings with the same PRECICE nail: a technical
           note

    • Abstract: Purpose The most significant advance in our time about limb lengthening is the magnetic lengthening nail, as the first reports appeared to show good results with accurate lengthening rates and good regenerate bone formation. The described complication rate is generally low. They avoid external fixation elements, and are activated transcutaneously, so the patient’s pain and discomfort are reduced and the rehabilitation is faster and more effective. The aim of authors is to describe a special technical issue of the PRECICE system: the nail can be extended inside the patient limb (after the osteotomy), but it also can be retracted inside the limb after achieving the bone union. Methods The authors present a case in which the limb lengthening has been performed in consecutive lengthening periods using the same nail. The nail was extended and retracted by altering the settings on the external remote control as well as accurately setting the rate of distraction. Results After two consecutive femoral lengthening with the same PRECICE nail, the patient no longer has a significant lower limb length discrepancy and patient satisfaction was high. During this clinical case, we were not confronted with any type of complications. Conclusion This technique utilizes the principles and advantages of lengthening over an magnetic lengthening nail, avoids the necessity of nail removal and minimizes the complication rates and the overall time for complete recovery. Level of evidence Level IV.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
       
  • Development and validation of a delayed presenting clubfoot score to
           predict the response to Ponseti casting for children aged 2–10

    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of the study was to develop a simple and reliable clinical scoring system for delayed presenting clubfeet and assess how this score predicts the response to Ponseti casting. We measured all elements of the Diméglio and the Pirani scoring systems. To determine which aspects were useful in assessing children with delayed presenting clubfeet, 4 assessors examined 42 feet (28 patients) between the ages of 2–10 years. Selected variables demonstrating good agreement were combined to make a novel score and were assessed prospectively on a separate consecutive cohort of children with clubfeet aged 2–10, comprising 100 clubfeet (64 patients). Inter-observer and intra-observer agreement was found to be greatest using the following clinically measured angles of the deformities. These were plantaris, adductus, varus, equinus of the ankle and rotation around the talar head in the frontal plane (PAVER). Measured angles of 1–20, 21–45 and > 45 degrees scored 1, 2 and 3 points, respectively. The PAVER score was derived from both the sum of points derived from measured angles and a multiplier according to age. The sum of the points was multiplied with 1, 1.5 or 2 for ages 2–4, 5–7 and 8–10, respectively. This demonstrated a good association with the total number of casts to achieve a full correction (tau = 0.71). A score greater than 18 out of 30 indicated a cast-resistant clubfoot. The score could be used clinically for prognosis and treatment, and for research purposes to compare the severity of clubfoot deformities.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
       
  • Distally based anterolateral thigh flap: an underutilized option for
           peri-patellar wound coverage

    • Abstract: Abstract Wound coverage in the supra-patellar area presents a significant challenge for orthopaedic and reconstructive surgeons due to the need for preservation of knee joint function but the paucity of regional soft tissue flaps available. While many orthopaedic and reconstructive surgeons make use of the rotational gastrocnemius flap for coverage of peri-patellar defects, this flap has certain limitations. The goal of this study was to report a single-centre experience with the use of the distally based anterolateral thigh flap (ALT) and review the current literature on the use of the ALT for peri-patellar defects. In this report, both a single-centre experience using distally based anterolateral thigh (ALT) island flaps for supra-patellar wound coverage and the existing literature on this topic were reviewed. A systematic literature review was performed to assess the use of the ALT for peri-patellar wounds. Five patients with a mean age of 69 underwent a distally based ALT flap for coverage of peri-patellar defects. Four out of 5 flaps survived at the end of their respective follow-up. Based on this combined experience, the distally based reverse-flow anterolateral thigh island flap represents a useful but relatively underutilized option for appropriately selected supra-patellar wounds due to minimal donor site morbidity, multiple flap components, and predictable pedicle anatomy. The flap’s major weakness is its potentially unreliable venous drainage, requiring delay or secondary venous outflow anastomosis. Given the ALT flap’s favourable profile, the authors recommend consideration for its use when managing a peri-patellar coverage wound issue.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
       
  • Rehabilitation post-distraction osteogenesis for brachymetacarpia: a case
           report

    • Abstract: Distraction osteogenesis for brachymetacarpia has been described in several small case series and single case reports, but the rehabilitation required to optimize outcomes has not been reported. We present a case report describing the hand rehabilitation program of a 13-year-old girl with congenital brachymetacarpia who underwent distraction osteogenesis of the third metacarpal. Intense weekly hand therapy including desensitization, scar massage, range of motion exercises and splinting was essential up to 28 weeks postoperatively to address the progressive changes in the anatomical structures. At final follow-up, she had full active range of motion, no functional deficits in grasp or in-hand manipulation skills and resumed her participation in competitive baton twirling. Patient and family satisfaction with outcome was high. However, better education regarding the progressive symptoms with distraction and daily challenges of wearing an external fixator would have improved the overall experience. With a strong family commitment to rehabilitation and thorough patient education, distraction osteogenesis for brachymetacarpia has the potential to improve functional and aesthetic outcome in the hand. Level of evidence V.
      PubDate: 2018-08-29
       
  • Surgical reconstruction of the acromioclavicular joint: Can we identify
           the optimal approach'

    • Abstract: Abstract Injuries to the acromioclavicular (AC) joint are common, tending to occur secondary to traumatic injuries. Rockwood grade IV, V and VI injuries involve complete dislocation of the joint and require surgical reconstruction, with inconclusive literature on whether grade III injuries should be surgically or conservatively managed. There are over one hundred reported surgical techniques which reconstruct the AC joint, with little indication of which methods achieve the best results. Techniques can generally be considered as: anatomical reduction; CC ligament reconstruction; and anatomical reconstruction. Techniques which implant hardware to reduce the AC joint, such as the hook plate, are commonly implemented, but have been shown to alter the mechanics of the joint significantly, resulting in poor short-term and long-term outcomes. Methods which reconstruct both the acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular ligaments are comparatively new, and early reports suggest that they achieve biomechanical properties similar to the native joint. More focus should be placed on such techniques in the future to determine whether they offer a more suitable approach to improve patient outcomes following AC joint reconstruction.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
       
  • Causes of peroneal neuropathy associated with orthopaedic leg lengthening
           in different canine models

    • Abstract: Abstract Peroneal neuropathy is one of the complications of orthopaedic leg lengthening. Methods of treatment include slowing of distraction and decompression both of which may lead to additional complications. The purpose of this study was to analyse the changes in histologic peroneal nerve structure during experimental orthopaedic lengthening using various modes of manual or automatic distraction. The obtained data provide the basis for better understanding of peroneal neuropathy pathogenesis and refinement of prophylaxis and preventive treatment protocols. Four experimental models of canine leg lengthening using the Ilizarov fixator were studied: 1 (n = 10)—manual distraction—1 mm/day divided into four increments; 2 (n = 12)—automatic distraction—1 mm/day in 60 increments, 3 (n = 9) and 4 (n = 9)—increased rate of high frequency automatic distraction: 3 mm/day in 120 and 180 increments, respectively. In peroneal nerves semi-thin sections cross-sectional fascicular areas, content of adipocytes in epineurium, endoneurial vascularisation, morphometric parameters of nerve fibres were assessed by computerised analysis at the end of distraction and of consolidation periods and 30 days after fixator removal. In Groups 1–2 massive nerve fibre degeneration along with epineural vessels obliteration was revealed in two cases from 22, whereas in Groups 3–4 there were 10 from 18 (p < 0.01). Injuries of perineurium and endoneurial vessels were noted in Group 3, and long-lasting thinning of nerve fascicles in Group 4. The decrease in epineurial fat tissue was revealed in all groups, more drastic in 3. Modifications and injuries of nerve sheaths and blood vessels depending on distraction rate and frequency contribute to peroneal neuropathy. Its mechanical, circulatory and metabolic causes are discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-05-25
       
  • The Resolution Axis Method (RAM) for lengthening of the femur with or
           without associated frontal plane deformity (a new method)

    • Abstract: Introduction Femoral lengthening with or along intramedullary (IM) nails will occur along the axis of the nail coincident with the anatomical axis of the bone. In the femur particularly, such lengthening often creates lateral mechanical axis deviation as the knee is driven medially. In cases where shortening is associated with frontal plane deformity the surgeon needs to correct the deformity intra-operatively, however, subsequent lengthening along the anatomical axis will create deformity. Thus, planning for lengthening of the femur with or along IM nails, whether shortening is associated with frontal plane deformity or not, requires a completely different planning strategy. The author questioned if a resolution anatomical axis can be identified and used for planning when lengthening the femur along or with IM nails while still applying the same classic CORA deformity analysis method. Methods In a prospective study, the author included eight patients who needed femoral lengthening, five with associated frontal plane deformity and three without. The author identified a method to determine the trajectory of the nail in the lower femoral segment. It was done by calculating the angle enclosed between this resolution anatomical axis and the mechanical axis, also known as the anatomical-mechanical angle. Results This new method has proven to be effective in achieving normal alignment after lengthening is completed. Conclusion The Resolution Axis Method is a new and alternative method providing a solution for planning when lengthening the femur along the anatomical axis using an IM nail, whether a deformity is present or not.
      PubDate: 2018-05-24
       
  • Acute femoral shortening for reconstruction of a complex lower extremity
           crush injury

    • Abstract: Abstract Traumatic through-knee or transfemoral amputations with concomitant ipsilateral femoral fractures are extremely rare injuries. The initial goal of management is patient resuscitation and stabilization. Subsequent interventions focus on limb salvage and the creation of a residual limb that can be fitted successfully for a functional lower extremity prosthesis. We present the case of a patient who sustained a traumatic through-knee amputation ipsilateral to an open comminuted femoral fracture. Soft tissue injury prohibited initial primary closure over the distal femoral condyles. A functional residual limb was achieved with acute femoral shortening, maintenance of the femoral condyles and fracture stabilization with a short retrograde intramedullary nail. This approach allowed maintenance of muscular attachments to the femur, soft tissue closure and resulted in a residual limb of acceptable length with a broad weight-bearing surface that was fitted with a prosthesis successfully.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
       
  • Extra-articular deformity correction using Taylor spatial frame prior to
           total knee arthroplasty

    • Abstract: Abstract A good long-term outcome following a total knee arthroplasty relies on restoration of the mechanical axis and effective soft tissue balancing of the prosthetic knee. Arthroplasty surgery in patients with secondary osteoarthritis of the knee with an extra-articular tibial deformity is a complex and challenging procedure. The correction of mal-alignment of the mechanical axis is associated with unpredictable result and with higher revision rates. Single-staged deformity correction and replacement surgery often result in the use of constraint implants. We describe our experience with staged correction of deformity using a Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF) followed by total knee arthroplasty in these patients and highlight the advantage of staged approach. The use of TSF fixator for deformity correction prior to a primary total knee arthroplasty has not been described in the literature. We describe three cases of secondary osteoarthritis of the knee associated with multiplanar tibial deformity treated effectively with a total knee arthroplasty following deformity correction and union using a TSF. All patients had an improved Knee Society score and Oxford Knee score postoperatively and were satisfied with their replacement outcome. Staged deformity correction followed by arthroplasty allows the use of standard primary arthroplasty implants with predicable results and flexible aftercare. This approach may also provide significant improvement of patient symptoms following correction of deformity resulting in deferment of the arthroplasty surgery.
      PubDate: 2018-03-20
       
  • Cozen’s deformity: resolved by guided growth

    • Abstract: Abstract Proximal tibial metaphyseal fractures in children can lead to progressive and symptomatic tibial valgus. Corrective osteotomy has been abandoned, due to frequent complications, including recurrent valgus deformity. While spontaneous remodelling has been reported, this is not predictable. For children with persistent deformities, we have resorted to guided growth of the tibia. We present 19 patients who were successfully treated with guided growth, tethering the proximal medial physis. There were ten boys and nine girls, ranging in age from two to 13.6 years at the time of intervention. The mean follow-up from injury was 7.3 years. We documented the intermalleolar distance, mechanical axis deviation (by zone), medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), and leg length discrepancy. Removal of the plate, or more recently, the metaphyseal screw, was undertaken upon normalization of the mechanical axis. Including the four patients who have undergone repeat tethering for recurrent valgus (one patient—twice), we are effectively reviewing 24 Cozen’s phenomena, making this the largest series reported in the literature. Correction of the mechanical axis and the proximal medial tibial angle was achieved in all but one patient. Limb length inequality at follow-up ranged from 0.1 to 1.5 cm, with a mean of 0.5 cm. There have been five recurrences in four patients to date; four corrected with repeat tethering and one is pending. Two patients developed significant over correction because of parental failure to pursue timely follow-up. Both have corrected to neutral with lateral tibial physeal tethering. Ten patients have attained skeletal maturity and required no further treatment. The remaining nine patients will be followed until maturity. Guided growth is an excellent choice for the management of post-traumatic tibial valgus. Our rationale for restricting medial overgrowth is twofold: (1) to restore the MPTA and (2) to reduce the length discrepancy due to tibial overgrowth caused by the fracture. Recognizing the potential for recurrent deformity following implant removal, our standard practice now includes removal of just the metaphyseal screw and subsequent reinsertion, in the event of rebound valgus deformity. Level of evidence Therapeutic IV, retrospective series/no control cohort.
      PubDate: 2018-03-16
       
  • Role of ultrasound in detection of radiolucent foreign bodies in
           extremities

    • Abstract: Abstract Removal of foreign bodies from soft tissues in emergency is very challenging and becomes more problematic when it is radiolucent. Blind exploration is sometimes hazardous for patients especially when it is in proximity to a vessel or a nerve or an overlying tendon. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of ultrasonography (USG) in detecting radiolucent soft tissue foreign bodies in the extremities. From January 2014 to January 2016, 120 patients with either a positive history or clinically suspected soft tissue foreign body and negative radiography were evaluated by USG with a high-frequency (13–6 MHz) linear-array transducer. The sonographic findings were used to guide surgical exploration. Out of 120 patients who underwent surgical exploration, USG was positive in 114 cases, and foreign body was retrieved in 108 cases, and among the six cases where USG was negative, foreign body was retrieved from one case. In one case with strong clinical suspicion of foreign body USG was falsely negative. Majority of foreign bodies were removed from foot (69 cases) and hands (26 cases), and rest of foreign bodies were removed from ankle (4 cases), wrist (3 cases), thigh (2 cases), leg (1 case), knee (2 cases), forearm (2 cases). Accuracy, sensitivity, and positive predictive value were determined as 94.16, 99.08, and 94.13%, respectively. The real-time high-frequency USG is a highly sensitive and accurate tool for detecting and removing radiolucent foreign bodies which cannot be visualized by routine radiography.
      PubDate: 2018-02-09
       
  • Measurement of wire deflection on loading may indicate union in Ilizarov
           constructs, an in vitro model

    • Abstract: Abstract No entirely reliable method exists for assessing union during Ilizarov treatment. Premature removal results in potential treatment failure; hence, alternative methods warrant investigation. Wire deflection might provide an indication of fracture site deformation on weight bearing, indicating progress towards union. This study aimed to test a method for assessing wire deflection within an Ilizarov frame. (1) To assess the repeatability of our novel measurement method in measuring wire deflection within an Ilizarov frame in vitro. (2) To compare the amount of wire deflection in an unstable model with that in an intact bone model. (3) To assess accuracy of this method by comparing wire deflection measured with overall machine extension. Tests were performed on clinical grade-tensioned fine wire 4-ring Ilizarov constructs stabilising a simulated fracture, with and without an unstable defect. Models were sequentially loaded to 700 N using an Instron testing machine. A digital depth gauge attached to the superior ring measured relative wire displacement at the ring closest to the fracture. Tests were repeated 3 times. (1) Both unstable and stable bone models produced highly repeatable load deformation curves (R2 = 0.98 and 0.99). (2) In the unstable model, wires tensioned at 882 and 1274 N produced mean maximum deflections of 2.41 and 2.69 mm compared with 0.05 and 0.04 mm in the intact bone model (significant p < 0.0001). (3) Wire deflection and machine extension results were strongly correlated (r = 0.99). A measurable difference in wire deflection between stable and unstable situations exists using this method which appears accurate and repeatable, with clear correlation between displacement and load and displacement and machine extension. This approach might be clinically applicable, and further clinical testing is required.
      PubDate: 2018-02-02
       
  • The tibial bayonet method of wound closure

    • Abstract: Abstract Management of open lower limb fractures with soft tissue defects can be a technically challenging orthopaedic problem. Limited availability of orthoplastic services means that alternatives to the fix and flap concept are required in order to prevent infected non-unions from developing. The proposed ‘bayonet apposition’ allows the surgeon to temporarily shorten the limb without angulating the limb or creating a bone defect and removing viable bone. The viable bone edges are overlapped in a bayonet-like manner in order to appose the wound and skin edges. The limb length is restored by gradually distracting the bone segments once the soft tissues have healed. This is facilitated with a hexapod fixator for stabilization of the fracture and distraction. Prerequisites for utilizing this method are circumferential soft tissue damage to the lower limb with viable distal tissue. The bayonet method allows primary closure of a wound and rapid restoration of the native length of the limb.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
       
  • Distraction arthroplasty compared to other cartilage preservation
           

    • Abstract: Post-traumatic arthritis (PTA) is characterized by the deterioration of articular cartilage temporally associated with an articular injury. With a paucity of literature comparing joint preservation techniques, we performed a systematic review of the literature intending to describe and summarize the results of ankle distraction arthroplasty as it compares with studies on tibio-talar microfracture, allograft, and autograft for ankle joint preservation in the post-traumatic population under 50 years of age. Research databases were searched and abstracts screened for relevance on our topic of interest. s meeting screening criteria with high interobserver reliability underwent full-manuscript review and coding for pertinent citation, study level, treatment, and outcome variables. Outcome variables for patient-reported pain scales, validated outcome measurement tools, radiographic progression, reoperation/re-treatment rates, and complication rates were recorded. Out of 105 unique citations, 10 publications were included. The distraction arthroplasty studies had 36 out of 181 patients requiring reoperation for complications (19.9%), while other joint-preserving procedures studies had 40 out of 177 patients requiring reoperations for complications (22.6%). Clinical outcome scores at mean follow-up time ranging from 2 to 10 years between studies were similar. Reported results for a variety of cartilage preservation procedures, including distraction arthroplasty, are satisfactory and reoperation rates for complication are similar. Limitations in available data and underlying study quality affect synthesis of the results therein. While distraction arthroplasty is an option for cartilage preservation in patients with PTA of the ankle, the technique is highly specialized which may affect the external validity. Level of evidence: III.
      PubDate: 2018-01-23
       
 
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