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OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (207 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 207 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Obstétrica e Ginecológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Neonatal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Advances in Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Sexual Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aktuální Gynekologie a Porodnictví     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology MFM     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 281)
American Journal of Perinatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
American Journal of Perinatology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction     Open Access  
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Birth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Partially Free   (Followers: 309)
British Journal of Midwifery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 92)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Perinatal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clínica e Investigación en Ginecología y Obstetricia     Full-text available via subscription  
Clinical Lactation     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Clinics in Perinatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Contemporary OB GYN - Obstetrics-Gynecology & Women's Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Contraception : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Obstetrics and Gynecology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Women's Health Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Early Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Ecography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
EMC - Ginecología-Obstetricia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Clinics in Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology : X     Open Access  
Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Fertility and Sterility     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
Fertility Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Fetal and Maternal Medicine Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Ginekologia i Perinatologia Praktyczna     Hybrid Journal  
Ginekologia Polska     Open Access  
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
gynäkologie + geburtshilfe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Gynäkologisch-geburtshilfliche Rundschau     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Gynakologische Endokrinologie     Hybrid Journal  
Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gynecologic Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Gynecologic Oncology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecological Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Gynecological Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Gynécologie Obstétrique Fertilité & Sénologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology     Open Access  
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access  
Gynecology Obstetrics & Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Care For Women International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Indian Journal of Gynecologic Oncology     Hybrid Journal  
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access  
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Anatomical Variations     Open Access  
International Journal of Childbirth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Gynecological Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Neonatal Screening     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Obstetrics, Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Urogynecology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal für Gynäkologische Endokrinologie / Schweiz     Hybrid Journal  
Journal für Gynäkologische Endokrinologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Breast Health     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Endometriosis and Pelvic Pain Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Evidence-based Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Gynecologic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Gynecological Research and Obstetrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Human Lactation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences (JHRS)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Midwifery     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Journal of Midwifery and Reproduction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Obstetrics and Women's Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Perinatal Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Perinatal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Perinatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Reproduction and Contraception     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Reproductive Biotechnology and Fertility     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Reproductive Health and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Reproductive Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Kebidanan Midwiferia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ners     Open Access  
La Revue Sage-Femme     Full-text available via subscription  
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi     Open Access  
Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Menopause     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Menopause International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
MHR: Basic science of reproductive medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Middle East Fertility Society Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Midwifery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Midwifery Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Nascer e Crescer : Birth and Growth Medical Journal     Open Access  
Neonatal Network - Journal of Neonatal Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Neonatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
OA Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Obstetric Anesthesia Digest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Obstetric Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Obstetrics & Gynecology     Partially Free   (Followers: 92)
Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Obstetrics and Gynecology International     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Obstetrics, Gynaecology & Reproductive Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Perinatología y Reproducción Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Placenta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Postgraduate Obstetrics & Gynecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Progresos de Obstetricia y Ginecología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Reprodução & Climatério     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Reproduction Fertility and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Reproductive BioMedicine Online     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Reproductive Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Reproductive Health Matters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reproductive Medicine and Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Reproductive Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Research and Reports in Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Research in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia / RBGO Gynecology and Obstetrics     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Andrología     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Peruana de Ginecología y Obstetricia     Open Access  
Revue de médecine périnatale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Seksuologia Polska     Full-text available via subscription  
Seminars in Breast Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Seminars in Perinatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Seminars in Reproductive Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Sexes     Open Access  
Siklus : Journal Research Midwifery Politeknik Tegal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Southern African Journal of Gynaecological Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Teratology Studies     Open Access  
Thai Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Open Access  
The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
The Practising Midwife     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Trends in Urology Gynaecology & Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 | Last

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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.183
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-9589 - ISSN (Online) 1687-9597
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [343 journals]
  • Prevalence, Indications, and Community Perceptions of Caesarean Section
           Delivery in Ngora District, Eastern Uganda: Mixed Method Study

    • Abstract: Background. Uganda has a high maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of 336/100,000 live births. Caesarean section is fundamental in achieving equity and equality in emergency obstetric care services. Despite it being a lifesaving intervention, it is associated with risks. There has been a surge in caesarean section rates in some areas, yet others remain underserved. Studies have shown that rates exceeding 15% do not improve maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Our study aimed at determining the prevalence, indications, and community perceptions of caesarean section delivery in Eastern Uganda. Methods and Materials. It was both health facility and commuity based cross-sectional descriptive study in Ngora district, Eastern Uganda. Mixed methods of data collection were employed in which quantitative data were collected by retrospectively reviewing all charts of all the mothers that had delivered at the two comprehensive emergency obstetric care service facilities between April 2018 and March 2019. Qualitative data were collected by focus group discussions till point of saturation. Data were entered into EpiData (version 3.1) and analyzed using SPSS software (version 24). Qualitative data analysis was done by transcribing and translating into English verbatim and then analyzed into themes and subthemes with the help of NVIVO 12. Results. Of the total 2573 deliveries, 14% (357/2573) were by CS. The major single indications were obstructed labour 17.9%, fetal distress 15.3%, big baby 11.6%, and cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) 11%. Although appreciated as lifesaving for young mothers, those with diseases and recurrent intrauterine fetal demise, others considered CS a curse, marriage-breaker, misfortune, money-maker and a sign of incompetent health workers, and being for the lazy women and the rich civil servants. The rise was also attributed to intramuscular injections and contraceptive use. Overall, vaginal delivery was the preferred route. Conclusion. Several misconceptions that could hinder access to CS were found which calls for more counseling and male involvement. Although facility based, the rate is higher than the desired 5–15%. It is higher than the projected increase of 36% by 2021. It highlights the need for male involvement during counseling and consent for CS and concerted efforts to demystify community misconceptions about women that undergo CS. These misconceptions may be a hindrance to access to CS.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 08:05:09 +000
  • Menstrual Morbidities, Menstrual Hygiene, Cultural Practices during
           Menstruation, and WASH Practices at Schools in Adolescent Girls of North
           Karnataka, India: A Cross-Sectional Prospective Study

    • Abstract: Background. Issues of menstrual morbidities, menstrual hygiene, and cultural practices are rarely discussed by adolescents. The burden of menstruation and cultural practices which the adolescent girls have to face has been less quantified. This study aims to assess the issues related to menstruation in school girls. Method. A cross-sectional prospective study was conducted on 1016 school-going adolescent girls in January 2020. A questionnaire in English and in Kannada was distributed to girls of class 8–12 of ages between 10 and 19 years. Results. 70.5% of the girls attained menarche by 12 to 14.9 years, 37.2% of the girls had their periods every 28–34 days, and 12.2% of the girls said they have heavy periods. 61.95% of the girls had dysmenorrheal, and 9.7% of the girls said that they required medications for the pain. 70.7% of the girls were using commercial sanitary napkins, 12.7% were using cloth, and 15.3% were using both. 55.5% of the girls who were using cloth as an absorbent were not drying the cloth in sunlight. 57.1% of the girls were washing their genitals more than 2 times a day. 93.8% were having bath during menses and 87.2% were using soap along with water. 37.7% of the girls disposed their pads by burning them, 50.8% of then disposed them in the dust bin, and 4.9% of them buried them. 8.6% of the girls said that they remained completely absent from school during periods. 17.85% said that they remained absent for a day. 53.4% of the respondents said that they have difficulty in concentrating at school. 76.1% said that they had adequate water and sanitation facilities at school. 22.3% said that there was adequate facility to change their pads at school. 73.2% said that they could get a spare pad at school. 43.3% of the girls said they avoided cultural functions during their periods, and 38.5% said that they avoided religious ceremonies and practices during their periods. 8.7% of the girls were made to sit outside the house during their periods. The girls from rural areas had poorer hygienic habits, in comparison to the urban girls. Cultural restrictions such as sitting outside the house during menstruation and restricting play were more in the rural girls than the urban girls. Conclusion. Menstrual morbidities, menstrual hygiene management, and cultural beliefs all play a role in school absenteeism in adolescent girls. Improvement of facilities at school and conducting awareness programs can help adolescent girls to attend schools.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jul 2020 08:05:04 +000
  • Perception of Women regarding Respectful Maternity Care during
           Facility-Based Childbirth

    • Abstract: Background. Respectful care during childbirth has been described as “a universal human right that encompasses the principles of ethics and respect for women’s feelings, dignity, choices, and preferences.” Many women experience a lack of respectful and abusive care during childbirth across the globe. Objective. This study aimed to determine women’s perception of respectful maternity care (RMC) during facility-based childbirth. Method. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 150 mothers admitted to the maternity ward of Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital using a purposive sampling technique. Data were collected through an interview technique by using a validated tool containing 15 items each measured on a scale of 5. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 16 was used for data analysis. Frequency, percentage, mean score, standard deviation, chi-square test, and binary logistic regression were used to analyze descriptive and inferential statistics. Results. In total, 84.7% of the women reported that they have experienced overall RMC services with a mean score ± SD (61.70 ± 12.12). Though the majority of the women reported that they have experienced RMC services, they also revealed that they have experienced disrespectful care in various forms such as being shouted upon (30.0%), being slapped (18.7%), delayed service provision (22.7%), and not talking positively about pain and relief during childbirth (28.0%). Likewise, length of stay, parity, and time of delivery were found as factors that influenced friendly care (COR = 0.383, 95% CI: 0.157–0.934), abuse-free care (COR = 3.663, 95% CI: 1.607–8.349), and timely care (COR = 2.050, 95% CI: 1.031–4.076) dimensions of RMC, respectively. Conclusion. Even though RMC emphasizes eliminating disrespectful and abusive environment from health facilities, 15.0% of participants perceived that they have not experienced overall RMC services. So, the health facility should focus on the interventions which ensure that every woman receives this basic human dignity during one of the most vulnerable times in their lives.
      PubDate: Sat, 04 Jul 2020 13:35:01 +000
  • Severe Life-Threatening Pregnancy Complications, “Near Miss” and
           Maternal Mortality in a Tertiary Hospital in Southern Nigeria: A
           Retrospective Study

    • Abstract: Background. Investigating severe life-threatening pregnancy complications that women encounter and the maternal morbidities (near miss) may help to evaluate the quality of care in health facility and recommend ways to improve maternal and infant survival especially in low-income countries. The aim of this review was to identify, classify, and determine the frequency and nature of maternal near miss events and the maternal and perinatal outcomes. Methods. A retrospective facility-based review of cases of near miss and maternal mortality occurring between 1st January 2012 and 31st December 2016 at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital was conducted. Near miss case definition was based on the WHO disease specific criteria. The main outcomes included the maternal mortality ratio (MMR), maternal near miss ratio (MNMR), mortality index, maternal morbidities, and perinatal outcome. Results. There were 10,111 pregnancy-related admissions, 790 life-threatening pregnancy complications that resulted in 99 maternal deaths, and 691 near miss cases. The maternal mortality ratio was 979 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, and the maternal near miss ratio was 6,834 per 100,000 maternities. The MMR to MNMR ratio was 1 : 8. Sepsis and severe anaemia had high case-specific mortality indices of 0.4 and 0.53, respectively. The perinatal outcome was poor compared to that of uncomplicated pregnancies: perinatal mortality rate (PMR) 266 per 1000 live births (OR 7.74); neonatal intensive care (NIC) admissions 11.6 percent (OR 1.83); and low birth weight (LBW) (
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 13:35:01 +000
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy: Lebanese Women’s Awareness,
           Perception, and Acceptance

    • Abstract: Objectives. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) had been the gold standard for the treatment of menopausal symptoms until the publication of the World Health Initiative (WHI) study. After the WHI study, the use of HRT changed among the physicians and patients all over the world despite newer more reassuring data. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of women towards HRT and the factors affecting it for better counseling. Study design. A clinic-based cross-sectional study using a survey was offered to women aged 40 years and above coming to the women’s health center at the American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC) from October 1st, 2017, till March 31st, 2018. The questionnaire included questions about demographics and menopausal symptoms in addition to knowledge and attitudes towards menopause and HRT. Main outcome measures. Our main hypothesis was that women would be aware of HRT as a treatment modality; however, the majority would have a negative attitude towards its usage. Results. The response rate was 87.8%. Seventy-three percent of the respondents had already heard about HRT with 57.9% supporting the use of HRT; however, 47.9% did not know when to use it. The significant predictor for having heard about HRT and a positive attitude towards HRT were having HRT prescribed as a part of treatment and employment status, respectively. Conclusions. Lebanese women are aware of HRT as a treatment option; however, a lack of both proper information and positive attitude towards HRT use was noted.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Jun 2020 06:20:08 +000
  • Preconception Care Uptake and Immediate Outcomes among Discordant Couples
           Accessing Routine HIV Care in Kenya

    • Abstract: Introduction. A large proportion of new HIV infections occur within discordant partnerships making discordance a significant contributor to new HIV infections in Africa. Despite the role of preconception care for HIV discordant couples, there is little data on fertility desire and preconception care uptake. This study aimed at documenting fertility desire (desire to conceive), determining the uptake of preconception care, identifying HIV prevention strategies used during preconception care, and determining immediate conception outcomes among HIV discordant couples in Kenya. Methods. We retrospectively extracted electronic medical record data on discordant couples at an HIV care discordant couples’ clinic. We included data on couples who expressed a desire to conceive and were offered preconception care and followed up for 29 months. We collected data on sociodemographic characteristics, preconception prevention methods, and associated outcomes. Results. Among couples, with male HIV-positive partners, there was a twofold likelihood of accepting preconception services (OR = 2.3, CI 95% (1, 1, 5.0)). A shorter discordant union was independently associated with the uptake of preconception services (OR = 0.92, CI 95% (0.86, 0.98)). The most used prevention intervention (38.5%) among discordant couples was a combination of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by the uninfected partner, alongside HAART by the partner living with HIV. Pregnancy rates did not significantly () differ among those who took up preconception care versus those who did not. HIV-negative partners of couples who declined preconception care had a significantly () higher attrition from clinic follow-up. One confirmed seroconversion occurred; an HIV incidence rate of 0.19 per 100 person-years.Conclusion. The study demonstrates the feasibility of implementing safe and effective preconception servicesas part of routine HIV care for discordant couples living in low resource settings. The provision and the utilisation of safer conception services may be hindered by the poor retention to follow-up and care of HIV-negative partners. This challenge may impede the expected benefits of preconception care as an HIV prevention intervention.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Jun 2020 10:05:04 +000
  • Nonpuerperal Uterine Inversion: What the Gynaecologists Need to Know'

    • Abstract: Introduction. Nonpuerperal uterine inversion (NPUI) is a rare clinical problem with diagnostic and surgical challenges. The objective of our study was to review the literature on NPUI and describe causative pathologies, diagnosis, and different surgical options available for treatment. Materials and Methods. A comprehensive literature review was carried out on MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases to look for NPUI using the term “non-puerperal uterine inversion,” and further went through the cross-references of the published articles. Data are published case reports from 1911 to September 2018. Of the 153 published cases, 133 reports had adequate details of surgery for analysis. These reports were analyzed, concerning the clinical presentation, methods of diagnosis, and surgical treatment. Results. Mean age of the women was 46.3 years (standard deviation: 18, N = 153). Leiomyoma remained the commonest (56.2%) aetiology. While malignancies contributed to 32.02% of cases, 9.2% were idiopathic. High degree of clinical suspicion and identification of unique features on ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging enable prompt diagnosis. In cases of uncertainty, laparoscopy or biopsy of the mass was used to confirm the diagnosis. Hysterectomy or repositioning and repair of the uterus are the only treatment options available. The surgical methods implemented were analyzed in three aspects: route of surgical access, method of repositioning, and final surgical procedure undertaken. The majority (48.8%) had only abdominal access, while 27.1% had both abdominal and vaginal access. Haultain procedure was the most useful procedure for reposition (18.0%) of the uterus. The majority (39.7%) required abdominal hysterectomy with or without debulking of the tumour abdominally, while 15.0% had uterine repair after repositioning. We reviewed the different surgical techniques and described and proposed a treatment algorithm. Conclusions. Fibroids were the commonest cause for NPUI. Malignancies accounted for one-third of cases. A combined abdominal and vaginal approach, followed by hysterectomy or repair after repositioning, seems to be better for nonmalignant cases.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:20:14 +000
  • Midgut Volvulus: A Rare but Fatal Cause of Abdominal Pain in
           Pregnancy—How Can We Diagnose and Prevent Mortality'

    • Abstract: Midgut volvulus in pregnancy is rare but life-threatening, resulting in high maternal and fetal mortality. This surgical emergency commonly masquerades as symptoms of pregnancy, which together with its low incidence often leads to delay in diagnosis and definitive treatment. Here, we review the last three decades of the literature, discuss the challenges in managing this rare condition, and raise awareness among clinicians to minimise loss of life.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 May 2020 13:35:09 +000
  • Quality of Life among Obstetric Fistula Patients at Kitovu Mission
           Hospital: A Health Facility-Based Cross-Sectional Study in Masaka
           District, Uganda

    • Abstract: Background. Obstetric fistula (OF) remains a silent neglected maternal challenge associated with devastating life consequences. Living with OF presents far-reaching physical, social, psychosocial, and emotional concerns, which negatively impact a woman’s quality of life. This study evaluated the quality of life among obstetric fistula patients in Masaka district, Uganda. Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 63 women diagnosed with OF at Kitovu Mission Hospital. Data were collected using a questionnaire, observation, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. Data were analyzed at univariate, bivariate, and multivariate levels, where the ordinal logistic regression model was applied. The qualitative data was transcribed and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results. Majority (87%) of the women diagnosed with OF reportedly had a poor quality of life. Bivariate analysis indicated that level of education (), employment status (), energy for everyday life (), capacity to work (), satisfaction with personal relationships (), feelings of loneliness (), negative feelings (), and self-confidence () were significantly associated with good QoL. Multivariate analysis showed increased odds of good QoL increased among women with self-confidence (OR = 32.320; CI = 2.019–517.467), formal education (OR = 9.9497; CI = 1.075–92.048), women who did not experience difficulties in mobility (OR = 19.144; CI = 0.149–2456.770), and women who were satisfied with their personal relationships (OR = 5.785; CI = 0.447–74.824). Conclusion. A holistic fistula treatment approach is required that takes into consideration all aspects of life to address the consequences of obstetric fistula to realize improved quality of life among patients.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 May 2020 06:35:04 +000
  • Still No Substantial Evidence to Use Prophylactic Antibiotic at Operative
           Vaginal Delivery: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Background. Postpartum maternal infection is still a common problem worldwide, mainly due to obstetric risk factors. The use of prophylactic antibiotic at operative vaginal delivery (OVD), taking it as a standalone risk factor, has been controversial. The purpose of this review was to rigorously evaluate the association of OVD with postpartum infection and shed light on such highly controversial issue. Methods. A computer-based literature search was done mainly in the databases of PUBMED, HINARI health research, and the Cochrane library. Systematic review and meta-analysis were done by including 14 articles published between 1990 and August 2019. Results. The average absolute risk of postpartum infection at OVD from seven large cohort studies was 1%. Few studies showed a weak association of OVD with postpartum infection without being adjusted to perineal wound, but the pooled meta-analysis showed statistically significant association with non-OVD. In the included randomized trial, 97% of the study participants had perineal wound for whom repairs were performed; the risks of maternal infection and perineal wound breakdown were comparable, and maternal infections other than perineal wound infection did not show significant difference between prophylactic antibiotic and placebo groups. The majority of included studies demonstrated a strong association of postpartum infection and perineal wound dehiscence with episiotomy and perineal tear. Conclusion. Both the relative and absolute risks of postpartum infection at OVD are extremely low unless accompanied by episiotomy and 3rd/4tht degree perineal tear. From previous studies, there is no substantial evidence to use prophylactic antibiotic at OVD, but episiotomy and perineal tear.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 May 2020 08:50:03 +000
  • Risk Factors for Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries among Women Delivering
           at a Tertiary Hospital in Southwestern Uganda

    • Abstract: Background. Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) arise from perineal trauma during vaginal delivery and are associated with poor maternal health outcomes. Most OASIS occur in unattended deliveries in resource-limited settings. However, even in facilities where deliveries are attended by skilled personnel, a number of women still get OASIS. Objectives. To determine the incidence and risk factors for obstetric anal sphincter injuries among women delivering at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH). Methods. We conducted an unmatched hospital-based case control study, with the ratio of cases to controls of 1 : 2 (80 cases and 160 controls). We defined a case as a mother who got a third- or fourth-degree perineal tear after vaginal delivery while the controls recruited were the next two mothers who delivered vaginally without a third- or fourth-degree perineal tear. A questionnaire and participants’ medical records review were used to obtain sociodemographic and clinical data. We estimated the incidence of OASIS and performed univariable and multivariable logistic regression to identify the associated risk factors. Results. The cumulative incidence for OASIS during the study period was 6.6%. The risk factors for OASIS were 2nd stage of labour ≥1 hour (aOR 6.07, 95%CI 1.86–19.82, ), having episiotomy performed during labour (aOR 2.57, 95%CI 1.07–6.17, ), perineum support during delivery (aOR 0.03, 95%CI 0.01–0.12, ), and monthly income of>50,000 shillings (aOR 0.09, 95%CI 0.03–0.28, ).Conclusions and Recommendations. The risk factors for obstetric anal sphincter injury were prolonged second stage of labour and performing episiotomies during deliveries while higher monthly income and perineum support during delivery were protective. We recommend routine support to the perineum during delivery. Care should be taken in mothers with episiotomies, as they can extend and cause OASIS.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2020 09:50:01 +000
  • Prevalence of Preterm Premature Rupture of Membrane and Its Associated
           Factors among Pregnant Women Admitted in Debre Tabor General Hospital,
           North West Ethiopia: Institutional-Based Cross-Sectional Study

    • Abstract: Background. In Ethiopia, preterm premature rupture of membrane is defined as loss of amniotic fluid before the onset of labor in pregnancy>28 weeks of gestation but before 37 weeks. It is a significant cause of perinatal, neonatal, and maternal morbidity and mortality both in high- and low-income countries. Due to different factors associated with the quality of health care given and socioeconomic factors, the effect of preterm premature rupture of membrane is worsen in low-income countries. Little evidence is available about the problem in the study area. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the prevalence of preterm premature rupture of membrane and its associated factors among pregnant women admitted in Debre Tabor General Hospital. Methods. Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 424 mothers were included in the study. Systematic random sampling was used to select study participants. A combination of chart review and interview was used to collect the data. Both descriptive and analytical statistics were computed. Result. The prevalence of preterm premature rupture of membrane was found to be 13.7%. Pregnant women with abnormal vaginal discharge (AOR = 5.30, 95% CI  = 2.07–13.52), urinary tract infection (AOR = 2.62, 95% CI = 1.32–5.19), history of premature rupture of membrane (AOR = 3.31, 95% CI = 1.32–8.27), vaginal bleeding (AOR = 2.58, 95% CI = 1.14–5.82), and mid-upper arm circumference
      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2020 08:35:06 +000
  • Etiology, Clinical Features, and Diagnosis of Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus: A
           Scoping Review

    • Abstract: Objective. Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder, which affects women of all ages. With numerous controversies as regards to the nomenclature, diagnosis and its association with neoplastic conditions, we decided to conduct a scoping review on this subject. Data Source. A review protocol was developed, and the Knowledge Resource Services website was used to do a search of articles pertaining to VLS with keywords “Vulvar,” “Vulval,” “diagnosis,” “lichen sclerosus et atrophicus,” “kraurosis,” “vulvar dystrophy,” and “Lichen Sclerosus”. Study Selection. The search was limited to published data from the last ten years, i.e., from July 2009 onwards and in the English language. A total of 338 articles pertaining to VLS were obtained. Older data were accessed if particular information was sought for. Results & Conclusion. The presentation is bimodal, i.e., one in prepubertal girls (average age: 7.6 years) and the other in peri- and postmenopausal women (average age: 52.6 years). However, many cases also present during reproductive years. Studies suggest a multifactorial origin as far as etiology is concerned, including a genetic, autoimmune, hormonal, and local infectious background. It affects the genital labial, perineal, and perianal areas and manifests as a patchy, thin, glistening, ivory-white area. Diagnosis is mainly based on clinical features. Biopsy is seldom required. It has been well established as a precursor lesion of dVIN and vulvar carcinoma.
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Apr 2020 10:35:06 +000
  • Determinants of Cesarean Section Deliveries in Public Hospitals of Addis
           Ababa, Ethiopia, 2018/19: A Case-Control Study

    • Abstract: Objective. The objective of this study was to assess the determinants of cesarean section deliveries in public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2019. Method. A hospital-based unmatched case-control study was conducted to study 780 (260 cases and 520 controls) women who delivered in public hospitals of Addis Ababa from August 22 to September 20, 2019. The cases were all mothers who delivered through caesarean section, and controls were all mothers who delivered vaginally in the same time in the study area. Data were collected from the randomly selected women and looking into their cards. Data were entered on EpiData 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 20 for cleaning and analyzing. Binary logistic regression and AOR with 95% CI were used to assess the determinants of caesarean section. Results. Majority of the study participants were in the age category 20–34 years. Nearly more than 1/3rd of the participants (32.7% cases and 34.6% controls) have attended primary school. Most of the cases 217 (83.5%) and few of the controls 21 (4%) possess previous caesarean section. One hundred three (52.3%) of the cases and 329 (63.6%) controls were multi-parous. Previous caesarean delivery (AOR = 6.93, 95% CI; (3.39, 14.16)), singleton pregnancy (AOR = 0.34, 95% CI; (0.12, 0.83)), birth weight less than 2500 gm (AOR = 0.29, 95% CI; (0.18, 0.92)), birth weight greater than 4000 gm (AOR = 16.15 (8.22, 31.74)), completely documented partograph (AOR = 0.13, 95% CI; (0.078, 0.23)), and pregnancy-induced hypertension (AOR = 2.44, 95% CI; (1.46, 4.08)) were significant determinants of caesarean delivery in this study. Conclusion. Previous caesarean section, number of delivery, birth weight, partograph documentation, and pregnancy-induced hypertension had significant association with caesarean section delivery in this study.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Apr 2020 15:35:04 +000
  • Incidence and Predictors of Maternal and Perinatal Mortality among Women
           with Severe Maternal Outcomes: A Tanzanian Facility-Based Survey for
           Improving Maternal and Newborn Care

    • Abstract: Introduction. Maternal and perinatal mortality is still a major public health challenge in Tanzania, despite the ongoing government efforts to improve maternal and newborn care. Among the contributors to these problems is the high magnitude of severe maternal outcomes (maternal near-miss). The current study, therefore, aimed to identify the magnitude and predictors of maternal and perinatal mortality among women with severe maternal outcomes admitted to Dodoma Regional Referral Hospital. Methods. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2015 to January 2016 at Dodoma Regional Referral Hospital in Dodoma City. All maternal deaths and maternal near-misses based on WHO criteria were included in this study. Three outcome variables have been identified: maternal mortality, perinatal mortality, and neonatal complications. To examine the predictors for the three predetermined outcome variables, the three logit models each containing unadjusted and adjusted findings were fitted. A -value less than 0.05 was considered indicative of statistically significant. Results. A total of 3600 pregnant women were admitted for obstetric reasons during the mentioned period. 140 of them were diagnosed with severe maternal outcomes; hence, they were included in this study. The severe maternal outcome incidence ratio was 40.23 per 1000 live births, the institutional maternal mortality ratio was 459.77 per 100000 live births, and the perinatal mortality rate was 10.83 per 1000 total births. Most of the maternal morbidity and mortality were due to direct causes in which postpartum hemorrhage and hypertensive disorders were the leading causes. In adjusted analysis, per-protocol management, maternal age, and mode of birth were predictors of maternal mortality, perinatal mortality, and neonatal complications, respectively. Conclusion. Establishing and strengthening obstetric ICUs will help reduce maternal mortality as the response time from the onset of obstetric complications, while the provision of high-quality care will be substantially reduced. Furthermore, the study recommends regular provision of in-service refresher training to emphasize the practice and compliance of per-protocol case management through a team approach in order to reduce the burden of maternal and perinatal mortality in Tanzania.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Apr 2020 15:20:02 +000
  • Comparative Retrospective Study of Tension-Free Vaginal Mesh Surgery,
           Native Tissue Repair, and Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Pelvic Organ
           Prolapse Repair

    • Abstract: Introduction and Hypothesis. Many would argue that sacrocolpopexy is the standard surgical procedure for pelvic organ prolapse (POP), but other surgical techniques were proposed and practically applying to the patients with POP. In this study, we compared postoperative outcomes of three surgical methods for POP repair. Methods. We identified that 308 women who had undergone surgical repair of POP were followed up for at least 6 months. Recurrence rates of POP after tension-free vaginal mesh (TVM) surgery (n = 243), native tissue repair (NTR) (vaginal hysterectomy with colpopexy, anterior and posterior colpoplasty, or circumferential suturing of the levator ani muscles and apical repair by transvaginal sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF)) (NTR; n = 31), and laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy after subtotal hysterectomy (LSC; n = 34) were compared. Presence of mesh erosion was also recorded. Results. Patients who underwent LSC were significantly younger (65.32 ± 3.23 years) than those who underwent TVM surgery (69.61 ± 8.31 years). After TVM surgery, the rate of recurrence (over POP-Q stage II) was 6.17% (15/243) and was highest in patients with advanced POP. The recurrence rate in patients who underwent NTR procedure was 3.23% (1/34) and that in patients who underwent LSC was 11.76% (4/11). There was no statistically significant difference in the recurrence rate between the three types of surgery. There were 13 cases (5.35%) of mesh erosion after TVM surgery and none after LSC surgery. The risk of mesh erosion was correlated with having had total TVM surgery but not with patient age or POP stage. Repeat procedures were performed in 5 women (2.14%) who underwent TVM surgery and 1 (2.94%) who underwent LSC. No patient underwent repeat surgery after NTR. There was no statistically significant difference in the reoperation rate between the three types of surgery. Conclusion. Our study suggested that TVM surgery, NTR, and LSC have comparable outcomes as for the postoperative recurrence rate and mesh erosion. However, the outcomes of each technique need to be carefully evaluated over a long period of time.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Apr 2020 07:35:05 +000
  • Effects of Glycerol and Sodium Pentaborate Formulation on Prevention of
           Postoperative Peritoneal Adhesion Formation

    • Abstract: Background. Postoperative peritoneal adhesions (PPA) are a serious problem for abdominal surgery. An effective remedy has not been found yet. New formulation of glycerol and sodium pentaborate may be able to solve the problem. Method. Female Wistar albino rats were randomly assigned into four equal groups. The adhesion model was created on the caecum anterior wall and covered with 2 ml 0.9% NaCl, 3% glycerol, 3% sodium pentaborate, and 3% glycerol plus 3% sodium pentaborate solutions in the groups, respectively. Two weeks later, the rats were sacrificed. PPA were graded macroscopically and microscopically. Results. Total adhesion scores of the 3% glycerol + 3% sodium pentaborate group were statistically different from the other groups for macroscopic and also microscopic evaluations ().Conclusion. 3% glycerol plus 3% sodium pentaborate as a new formulation has preventive effects on PPA with a synergistic mechanism.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Apr 2020 02:50:04 +000
  • Teenage Pregnancy: Obstetric and Perinatal Outcome in a Tertiary Centre in

    • Abstract: Background. The incidence of teenage pregnancy is increasing in the world. It is a high-risk condition leading to adverse perinatal and obstetric outcomes. This study aims to evaluate the obstetric and perinatal outcomes of teenage pregnancy in Indonesian population. Method. A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate obstetric and perinatal outcomes among teenagers and average maternal age (AMA) women. We assessed all singleton live pregnancies during the year period of 2013 in Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. Results. We studied 1,676 eligible subjects during the one-year period in our centre. The prevalence of teenage pregnancy (12 to 19 years old) was 11.40% (191/1676). We found higher prevalence of eclampsia (AOR: 4.03; 95% CI: 1.73–9.39), preterm delivery (AOR: 1.5; 95% CI: 0.88–2.53), anaemia at labour (AOR: 2.42; 95% CI: 1.60–3.67), postpartum haemorrhage (AOR: 2.59; 95% CI: 0.86–7.37), and low birth weight (AOR: 2.28; 95% CI: 1.60–3.25) among teenagers. However, caesarean section was found to be significantly lower among teenage pregnancies. Conclusion. Teenage pregnancy carries significant obstetric complications that should draw physicians’ serious attention. A holistic, comprehensive antenatal, and preventive program should be conducted to prevent teenage pregnancy-related adverse outcomes.
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Mar 2020 14:05:08 +000
  • Incidence of Surgical Site Infection and Factors Associated among Cesarean
           Deliveries in Selected Government Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2019

    • Abstract: Background. One-third to two-thirds of operated patients in low-income countries acquire surgical site infection, which is nine times higher when compared to high-resource countries. Identifying the incidence and risk factors that contribute to surgical site infection following cesarean delivery is a step ahead for preventing and reducing the problem. Nonetheless, the distribution of the problem in Addis Ababa, where the rate of cesarean delivery is relatively high compared to other parts of the country, is under investigation. Objective. The aim of this study is to assess the incidence of surgical site infection among cesarean deliveries and factors associated with it in selected governmental hospitals found in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in 2019. Method. A hospital-based prospective cohort study design was employed to follow 175 women, who gave birth by cesarean delivery in selected government hospitals in Addis Ababa, from March 11 to April 9, 2019. Convenience sampling method was used to select study units from the randomly selected hospitals. Descriptive statistics were run for determining the rate of cesarean delivery surgical site infection. Presence and degree of association between outcome and independent variables were computed through bivariate logistic regression analysis and factors that had significance level in the bivariate logistic regression analysis were considered in the multivariable logistic regression analysis. Result. From 166 participants who completed 30-day follow-up, 25 (15%) of the participants developed surgical site infection. Age, gestational age, duration of operation, and ≥5 vaginal examinations showed a significant association with the outcome variable with AOR (95% CI) of ((AOR = 1.504, 95% CI: (1.170 – 1.933, ))), ((AOR = 0.019, 95% CI: (0.001 – 0.291, ))), ((AOR = 1.108, 95% CI: (1.025 – 1.197, ))), and ((AOR = 13.076, 95% CI: (1.018 – 168.002, ))), respectively. Conclusion and recommendation. Surgical site infection rate is higher and certain associations lost due to small sample size. Further interventional studies with vast sample size are recommended.
      PubDate: Sat, 22 Feb 2020 07:20:06 +000
  • Women’s Perspectives on Influencers to the Utilisation of Skilled
           Delivery Care: An Explorative Qualitative Study in North West Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Skilled attendance at birth is widely regarded as an effective intervention to reduce maternal and early neonatal morbidity and mortality. However, many women in Ethiopia still deliver without skilled assistance. This study was carried out to identify factors that influenced or motivated women to give birth in a health facility in their previous, current, and future pregnancies. This descriptive explorative qualitative study was conducted in two districts of West Gojjam zone in North West Ethiopia. Fourteen focus group discussions were conducted with pregnant women and women who gave birth within one year. An inductive thematic analysis approach was employed to analyze the qualitative data. In this study, two major themes and a number of subthemes emerged from the focus group discussions with the study participants. The factors that influenced or motivated women to give birth in health facility in their previous, current, and future pregnancies include access to ambulance transport service, prevention of mother to child HIV transmission service, referral service, women friendly service, and emergency obstetric services, good interpersonal care from health workers, and fear and experience of obstetric danger signs and complications. In addition, reception of information and advice on importance of skilled delivery care and obstetric danger signs and complications from health workers, use of antenatal care, previous use of skilled delivery care, ensuring wellbeing of parturient women and newborns, and use of emergency obstetric care were also identified as influencers and motivators for health facility childbirth in previous, current, and future deliveries. Increased understanding of the factors that influenced or motivated women to deliver in facilities could contribute to developing strategies to improve the uptake of facility-based maternity services and corresponding declines in maternal morbidity and mortality.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Feb 2020 13:50:03 +000
  • Cervical Cancer Screening Acceptance among Women in Dabat District,
           Northwest Ethiopia, 2017: An Institution-Based Cross-Sectional Study

    • Abstract: Background. Cervical cancer is a global health problem. It is the second most common cancer in women worldwide, and it is the most frequent form and the leading cause of cancer mortality among Ethiopian women. Cervical cancer screening can reduce at least 50% of cervical cancer deaths. In Ethiopia, practice of cervical cancer screening is below 1%. Hence, this study aimed at assessing cervical cancer screening acceptance and determinant factors among women in Dabat district of Northwest Ethiopia. Methods. A community-based cross-sectional study design was conducted in Dabat district in Northwest Ethiopia, 2016. The multistage sampling method was used to recruit 790 women from the selected rural and urban kebeles. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analysis method was employed to determine factors significantly associated with the acceptance of cervical cancer screening with a 95% CI at value 
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Feb 2020 07:35:00 +000
  • Fetoplacental Weight Relationship in Normal Pregnancy and Pregnancy
           Complicated by Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension and Abruption of Placenta
           among Mothers Who Gave Birth in Southern Ethiopia, 2018

    • Abstract: Introduction. Placenta is a complex multifunctional organ that maintains pregnancy and promotes normal fetal development. The fetal outcome is adversely influenced by pathological changes in the placenta because it is a mirror that reflects the intrauterine status of the fetus. Placental abnormalities are considered a leading cause of maternal and prenatal mortality. This study aimed to assess the fetoplacental weight relationship in pregnancy-induced hypertension and abruption placenta and compare with the normal one. Objective. This study designed to assess fetoplacental weight relationships in normal pregnancy and pregnancy complicated by pregnancy-induced hypertension and abruption of placenta among mothers who gave birth in Dilla University Referral Hospital, southern Ethiopia, 2018. Materials and Methods. Institution-based comparative cross-sectional study was used on 50 placentas from mothers with pregnancy-induced hypertension, 50 placentas from mothers with abruption of placenta, and 50 placentas from mothers with normal pregnancy (control) with an age range of 19–34 years. The weight of the placenta and newborn were taken and the fetoplacental ratio was calculated. Results. Placental index as well as the weight of the newborn shows statistically significant () difference in pregnancy-induced hypertension and abruption placenta group compared with the normal group. The mean of the fetoplacental ratio in the normal group was 5.52 ± 0.07, in pregnancy-induced hypertension was 5.15 ± 0.11, whereas the abruption placenta was 4.99 ± 0.82. Conclusion. Both PIH and abruption placenta were associated with remarkable changes in the placenta index such as small placental weight and diameter and results in different kinds of congenital anomalies and low birth weight of the baby. Hence, fetoplacental ratio was altered. The lowest fetoplacental ratio was 4.99 for abruption placenta, and the highest was for a normal group of the placenta which was 5.52. Therefore, an examination of the placenta before and after birth guarantees for feto-maternal health.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jan 2020 13:05:05 +000
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