Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8185 journals)
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ENDOCRINOLOGY (149 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
AACE Clinical Case Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Diabetes and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annales d'Endocrinologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia     Open Access  
Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BMC Endocrine Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Endocrinology and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism     Hybrid Journal  
Comprehensive Psychoneuroendocrinology     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Endocrine and Metabolic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Dermato-Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diabesity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Diabetes & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 262)
Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Discover Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Dubai Diabetes and Endocrinology Journal     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Endocrine and Metabolic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrine Connections     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Endocrine Disruptors     Open Access  
Endocrine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Endocrine Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Endocrine Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Endocrine Regulations     Open Access  
Endocrine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Endocrine Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Endocrine-Related Cancer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism     Open Access  
Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports     Open Access  
Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Endokrynologia Polska     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
European Thyroid Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Clinical Diabetes and Healthcare     Open Access  
Frontiers in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science     Open Access  
Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
General and Comparative Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Growth Hormone & IGF Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Gynakologische Endokrinologie     Hybrid Journal  
Gynecological Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hormone and Metabolic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Hormone Research in Paediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Hormones : International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal  
Hormones and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International journal of endocrine oncology     Open Access  
International Journal of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92)
International Journal of Osteoporosis and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
JIMD Reports     Open Access  
Journal für Gynäkologische Endokrinologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal für Klinische Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel : Austrian Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 145)
Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology Assocation of Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Endocrinology and Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Inborn Errors of Metabolism and Screening     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Neuroendocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Pineal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Renal and Hepatic Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Restorative Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Social Health and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies     Open Access  
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
L'Endocrinologo     Hybrid Journal  
Metabolic Brain Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Molecular Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Nature Reviews Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
Neuroendocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Nigerian Endocrine Practice     Full-text available via subscription  
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychoneuroendocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Reproductive Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Revista Argentina de Endocrinología y Metabolismo     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Endocrinología     Open Access  
Revista Venezolana de Endocrinología y Metabolismo     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Journal of Diabetes Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access  
The Endocrinologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 174)
Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Thyroid     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Thyroid Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Thyroid Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Vitamins & Hormones     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)


Similar Journals
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Frontiers in Clinical Diabetes and Healthcare
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2673-6616
Published by Frontiers Media Homepage  [96 journals]
  • Digital algorithm-guided insulin therapy in home healthcare for elderly
           persons with type 2 diabetes: A proof-of-concept study|German Clinical
           Trials Register ID

    • Authors: Julia Kopanz, Julia K. Mader, Klaus Donsa, Angela Libiseller, Felix Aberer, Marlene Pandis, Johanna Reinisch-Gratzer, Gisela C. Ambrosch, Bettina Lackner, Thomas Truskaller, Frank Michael Sinner, Thomas R. Pieber, Katharina M. Lichtenegger
      Abstract: GlucoTab@MobileCare, a digital workflow and decision support system with integrated basal and basal-plus insulin algorithm was investigated for user acceptance, safety and efficacy in persons with type 2 diabetes receiving home health care by nurses. During a three months study nine participants (five female, age 77 ± 10 years, HbA1c 60 ± 13 mmol/mol (study start) vs. 57 ± 12 mmol/mol (study end) received basal or basal-plus insulin therapy as suggested by the digital system. In total 95% of all suggested tasks (blood glucose (BG) measurements, insulin dose calculations, insulin injections) were performed according to the digital system. Mean morning BG was 171 ± 68 mg/dL in the first study month vs. 145 ± 35 mg/dL in the last study month, indicating a reduced glycemic variability of 33 mg/dL (standard deviation). No hypoglycemic episode < 54 mg/dL occurred. User’s adherence was high and the digital system supported a safe and effective treatment. Larger scale studies are needed to confirm findings under routine care.German Clinical Trials Register IDDRKS00015059
      PubDate: 2022-09-23T00:00:00Z
  • The role of maternal DNA methylation in pregnancies complicated by
           gestational diabetes

    • Authors: Stephanie Dias, Tarryn Willmer, Sumaiya Adam, Carmen Pheiffer
      Abstract: Diabetes in pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and poses a serious threat to the health of mother and child. Although the pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie the association between maternal diabetes and pregnancy complications have not yet been elucidated, it has been suggested that the frequency and severity of pregnancy complications are linked to the degree of hyperglycemia. Epigenetic mechanisms reflect gene-environment interactions and have emerged as key players in metabolic adaptation to pregnancy and the development of complications. DNA methylation, the best characterized epigenetic mechanism, has been reported to be dysregulated during various pregnancy complications, including pre-eclampsia, hypertension, diabetes, early pregnancy loss and preterm birth. The identification of altered DNA methylation patterns may serve to elucidate the pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie the different types of maternal diabetes during pregnancy. This review aims to provide a summary of existing knowledge on DNA methylation patterns in pregnancies complicated by pregestational type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Four databases, CINAHL, Scopus, PubMed and Google Scholar, were searched for studies on DNA methylation profiling in pregnancies complicated with diabetes. A total of 1985 articles were identified, of which 32 met the inclusion criteria and are included in this review. All studies profiled DNA methylation during GDM or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), while no studies investigated T1DM or T2DM. We highlight the increased methylation of two genes, Hypoxia‐inducible Factor‐3α (HIF3α) and Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor Gamma-coactivator-Alpha (PGC1-α), and the decreased methylation of one gene, Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor Alpha (PPARα), in women with GDM compared to pregnant women with normoglycemia that were consistently methylated across diverse populations with varying pregnancy durations, and using different diagnostic criteria, methodologies and biological sources. These findings support the candidacy of these three differentially methylated genes as biomarkers for GDM. Furthermore, these genes may provide insight into the pathways that are epigenetically influenced during maternal diabetes and which should be prioritized and replicated in longitudinal studies and in larger populations to ensure their clinical applicability. Finally, we discuss the challenges and limitations of DNA methylation analysis, and the need for DNA methylation profiling to be conducted in different types of maternal diabetes in pregnancy.
      PubDate: 2022-09-21T00:00:00Z
  • Medication-related burden and associated factors among diabetes mellitus
           patients at Felege Hiwot Comprehensive Specialized Hospital in northwest

    • Authors: Abaynesh Fentahun Bekalu, Melaku Kindie Yenit, Masho Tigabe Tekile, Mequanent Kassa Birarra
      Abstract: BackgroundEvaluating the medicine burden from the patients’ perspective is essential for getting good health outcomes of diabetes mellitus (DM) management. However, data are limited regarding this sensitive area. Thus, the study was aimed to determine the medication-related burden (MRB) and associated factors among DM patients at Felege Hiwot Comprehensive Specialized Hospital (FHCSH) in northwest Ethiopia.MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted on 423 systematically selected DM patients attending the DM clinic of FHCSH from June to August 2020. The medication-related burden was measured by using the Living with Medicines Questionnaire version 3 (LMQ-3). Multiple linear regression was used to identify factors associated with medication-related burden and reported with 95% confidence interval (CI). p-value
      PubDate: 2022-09-09T00:00:00Z
  • Worsening glycemic control in youth with type 2 diabetes during

    • Authors: Sonum Bharill, Tyger Lin, Alexander Arking, Elizabeth A. Brown, Margaret West, Kelly Busin, Sheela N. Magge, Risa M. Wolf
      Abstract: IntroductionThe COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected minority and lower socioeconomic populations, who also have higher rates of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The impact of virtual school, decreased activity level, and worsening food insecurity on pediatric T2D is unknown. The goal of this study was to evaluate weight trends and glycemic control in youth with existing T2D during the COVID-19 pandemic.MethodsA retrospective study of youth
      PubDate: 2022-09-09T00:00:00Z
  • Western diet-induced shifts in the maternal microbiome are associated with
           altered microRNA expression in baboon placenta and fetal liver

    • Authors: Kameron Y. Sugino, Ashok Mandala, Rachel C. Janssen, Sunam Gurung, MaJoi Trammell, Michael W. Day, Richard S. Brush, James F. Papin, David W. Dyer, Martin-Paul Agbaga, Jacob E. Friedman, Marisol Castillo-Castrejon, Karen R. Jonscher, Dean A. Myers
      Abstract: Maternal consumption of a high-fat, Western-style diet (WD) disrupts the maternal/infant microbiome and contributes to developmental programming of the immune system and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the offspring. Epigenetic changes, including non-coding miRNAs in the fetus and/or placenta may also underlie this risk. We previously showed that obese nonhuman primates fed a WD during pregnancy results in the loss of beneficial maternal gut microbes and dysregulation of cellular metabolism and mitochondrial dysfunction in the fetal liver, leading to a perturbed postnatal immune response with accelerated NAFLD in juvenile offspring. Here, we investigated associations between WD-induced maternal metabolic and microbiome changes, in the absence of obesity, and miRNA and gene expression changes in the placenta and fetal liver. After ~8-11 months of WD feeding, dams were similar in body weight but exhibited mild, systemic inflammation (elevated CRP and neutrophil count) and dyslipidemia (increased triglycerides and cholesterol) compared with dams fed a control diet. The maternal gut microbiome was mainly comprised of Lactobacillales and Clostridiales, with significantly decreased alpha diversity (P = 0.0163) in WD-fed dams but no community-wide differences (P = 0.26). At 0.9 gestation, mRNA expression of IL6 and TNF in maternal WD (mWD) exposed placentas trended higher, while increased triglycerides, expression of pro-inflammatory CCR2, and histological evidence for fibrosis were found in mWD-exposed fetal livers. In the mWD-exposed fetus, hepatic expression levels of miR-204-5p and miR-145-3p were significantly downregulated, whereas in mWD-exposed placentas, miR-182-5p and miR-183-5p were significantly decreased. Notably, miR-1285-3p expression in the liver and miR-183-5p in the placenta were significantly associated with inflammation and lipid synthesis pathway genes, respectively. Blautia and Ruminococcus were significantly associated with miR-122-5p in liver, while Coriobacteriaceae and Prevotellaceae were strongly associated with miR-1285-3p in the placenta; both miRNAs are implicated in pathways mediating postnatal growth and obesity. Our findings demonstrate that mWD shifts the maternal microbiome, lipid metabolism, and inflammation prior to obesity and are associated with epigenetic changes in the placenta and fetal liver. These changes may underlie inflammation, oxidative stress, and fibrosis patterns that drive NAFLD and metabolic disease risk in the next generation.
      PubDate: 2022-09-08T00:00:00Z
  • Stress hyperglycemia, Diabetes mellitus and COVID-19 infection: The impact
           on newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes

    • Authors: Ioanna Farakla, Theano Lagousi, Michael Miligkos, Nicolas C. Nicolaides, Ioannis-Anargyros Vasilakis, Maria Mpinou, Maria Dolianiti, Elina Katechaki, Anilia Taliou, Vasiliki Spoulou, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein
      Abstract: Several recent studies have documented an increased incidence of newly diagnosed type 1 Diabetes (T1D) cases in children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic and a more severe presentation at diabetes onset. In this descriptive study, we present the experience of the Diabetes Centre of the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism of the First Department of Pediatrics of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Medical School at “Aghia Sophia” Children’s Hospital in Athens, Greece, concerning new cases of T1D diagnosis during the COVID-19 pandemic (March 2020- December 2021). Patients who had already been diagnosed with T1D and needed hospitalization due to poor control during the pandemic have been excluded from this study. Eighty- three children and adolescents with a mean age of 8,5 ± 4.02 years were admitted to the hospital due to newly diagnosed T1D during this 22 months’ period in comparison to 34 new cases in the previous year. All patients admitted during the pandemic with a new diagnosis of T1D, presented in their majority with DKA (Ph: 7.2) representing an increase of new severe cases in comparison to previous years (Ph 7.2 versus 7.3, p value: 0.021, in the previous year), [p-value: 0.027]. 49 cases presented with DKA, of which 24 were characterized moderate and 14 severe DKA (28.9% and 16,9%, respectively), while 5 patients newly diagnosed, needed to be admitted to the ICU to recover from severe acidosis. Whether a previous COVID- 19 infection could have been the triggering factor is not supported by the SARS-Cov2 specific antibodies analysis in our cohort of patients. As far as HbA1c is concerned there was no statistically significant difference between the pre COVID-19 year and the years of the pandemic (11.6% versus 11.9%, p- value: 0.461). Triglycerides values were significantly higher in patients with new onset T1D during COVID-19 years compared to those before the pandemic (p value= 0.032). Additionally, there is a statistically significant correlation between Ph and Triglycerides for the whole period 2020-2021 (p-value
      PubDate: 2022-08-29T00:00:00Z
  • Frailty and diabetes in older adults: Overview of current controversies
           and challenges in clinical practice

    • Authors: Mohd Zaquan Arif Abd.Ghafar, Mark O’Donovan, Duygu Sezgin, Elizabeth Moloney, Ángel Rodríguez-Laso, Aaron Liew, Rónán O’Caoimh
      PubDate: 2022-08-19T00:00:00Z
  • Sequelae of Hospitalization for Diabetic Foot Ulcers at LASUTH Ikeja
           Lagos: A Prospective Observational

    • Authors: Olufunmilayo Olubusola Adeleye, Adetutu Oluwatosin Williams, Akin Olusola Dada, Ejiofor T. Ugwu, Anthonia Okeoghene Ogbera, Olujimi Olanrewaju Sodipo
      Abstract: AbstractDiabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) remain important sequelae of diabetes (DM) which cause debilitating effects on the sufferer. The evolution of some aspects of epidemiology and the current clinical impact of DFUs was examined.MethodsA single-center prospective observational study. Study subjects were consecutively recruited.ResultsTotal medical admissions during the study period were 2288, 350 were DM related, out of these 112 were admitted for DFU. 32% of total DM admissions were for DFU. The mean age of the study subjects is 58 ± 11.0 range is from 35 years to 87 years. Males were slightly predominant (51.8%). Most of them were actively employed (92%), and the majority were in the 55 to 64 years age category. Most of them had not been diabetic for longer than 8 years (61%). The mean duration of DM is 8.32±7.27 years. The mean duration of ulcer at presentation was 72.0±138.13 days. The majority of the patients (80.3%) presented with severe (grades 3 to 5) ulcers, Wagner grade four was the most predominant. Regarding clinical outcome, 24 (24.7%) had an amputation, 3 of which were minor. The factor that was associated with amputation was concomitant heart failure – OR 6.00 CI 0.589-61.07, 0.498-4.856. Death occurred in 16 (18.4%). The factors associated with mortality were severe anemia OR 2.00 CI 0.65 – 6.113, severe renal impairment requiring dialysis OR 3.93 CI 0.232-66.5, concomitant stroke OR 8.42 CI 0.71-99.6, and peripheral arterial disease- OR 18.33 CI 2.27 -147 p-value- 0.006.ConclusionThe hallmark of DFU in this report is late presentation, it accounted for a significant proportion of the total medical admissions, although the case fatality of DFU reduced from previous reports from the center, mortality, and amputation rates are still unacceptably high. Concomittant heart failure was a factor of amputation. Mortality was associated with severe anemia, renal impairment and peripheral arterial disease.
      PubDate: 2022-08-18T00:00:00Z
  • How has the COVID-19 Pandemic Affected Diabetes Self-Management in People
           With Diabetes' - A One-Year Follow-Up Study|Background and Aim|Methods
           and Participants|Results|Conclusion

    • Authors: Kasper Olesen, Lene Eide Joensen, Kristoffer Panduro Madsen, Ingrid Willaing
      Abstract: Background and AimIn Denmark, the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in two lockdowns, one from March to May 2020 and another from December 2020 to April 2021, which had severe impact on everyday life. The aim of this study was to explore changes in diabetes self-management behaviors during the pandemic and to examine how specific population characteristics were associated with changes in diabetes management.Methods and ParticipantsIn a cohort study from March 2020 to April 2021, two online questionnaires were collected from a total of 760 people with diabetes. Descriptive statistics were used to assess the proportion of participants experiencing improvements, deterioration, and status quo in diabetes self-management during the pandemic. Using logistic regressions, baseline characteristics were explored as potential predictors of change.ResultsApproximately half of the participants reported that they experienced lower physical activity in April 2021 compared to before the pandemic, approximately one fifth reported diabetes self-management to be more difficult than prior to the pandemic, and one fifth reported eating more unhealthily than before the pandemic. Some participants reported higher frequency of high blood glucose levels (28%), low blood glucose levels (13%) and more frequent blood glucose variability (33%) compared to before. Easier diabetes self-management was reported by relatively few participants, however, 15% reported eating more healthily, and 20% reported being more physically active. We were largely unable to identify predictors of change in exercise activities. The few baseline characteristics identified as predictors of difficulties in diabetes self-management and adverse blood glucose levels due to the pandemic were sub-optimal psychological health, including high diabetes distress levels.ConclusionFindings indicate that many people with diabetes changed diabetes self-management behaviors during the pandemic, mostly in a negative direction. Particularly high diabetes distress levels in the beginning of the pandemic was a predictor of both positive and negative change in diabetes self-management, indicating that people with high diabetes distress levels could potentially benefit from increased support in diabetes care during a period of crisis.
      PubDate: 2022-08-17T00:00:00Z
  • Screening of latent tuberculosis infection among patients with diabetes
           mellitus from a high-burden area in Brazil

    • Authors: Amanda Vital Torres, Raquel da Silva Corrêa, Maria de Fátima Bevilacqua, Luana Cristina França do Prado, Flavia Miranda Gomes de Constantino Bandeira, Luciana Silva Rodrigues, Marilia Brito Gomes
      Abstract: Although several cohort studies have raised the important association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), evidences are limited and controversial. Furthermore, it is well documented that the poor glycemic control may exacerbate the risk for active TB. Thus, the monitoring of diabetic patients living in high-incidence areas for TB is an important concern in views of available diagnostic tests for LTBI. In this cross-sectional study, we estimate the association of DM and LTBI among diabetic patients classified as type-1 DM (T1D) or type-2 DM (T2D) living in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil – considered a high TB burden region of these country. Non-DM volunteers were included as endemic area healthy controls. All participants were screened for DM using glycosylated-hemoglobin (HbA1c) and for LTBI using the QuantiFERON-TB Gold in Tube (QFT-GIT). Demographic, socioeconomic, clinical and laboratorial data were also assessed. Among 553 included participants, 88 (15.9%) had QFT-GIT positive test, of which 18 (20.5%) were non-DM, 30 (34.1%) T1D and 40 (45.4%) T2D. After adjustments for potential baseline confounders, age, self-reported non-white skin color and an active TB case in the family were significantly associated with LTBI among the studied population by using a hierarchical multivariate logistic regression analysis. Additionally, we verified that T2D patients were able to produce significant increased interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) plasma levels in response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific antigens, when compared to non-DM individuals. Altogether, our data showed an increased prevalence of LTBI among DM patients, albeit non-statistically significant, and point out to important independent factors associated with LTBI, which deserve attention in monitoring patients with DM. Moreover, QFT-GIT test seems to be a good tool to screening LTBI in this population, even in a high TB burden area.
      PubDate: 2022-08-17T00:00:00Z
  • Unpacking determinants and consequences of food insecurity for insulin
           resistance among people living with HIV: Conceptual framework and protocol
           for the NOURISH-OK study|Background|Methods/design|Discussion

    • Authors: Marianna S. Wetherill, Casey Bakhsh, Lacey Caywood, Mary B. Williams, Micah L. Hartwell, Denna L. Wheeler, Randolph D. Hubach, T. Kent Teague, Gerwald Köhler, James R. Hebert, Sheri D. Weiser
      Abstract: BackgroundOver the past four decades, advances in HIV treatment have contributed to a longer life expectancy for people living with HIV (PLWH). With these gains, the prevention and management of chronic co-morbidities, such as diabetes, are now central medical care goals for this population. In the United States, food insecurity disproportionately impacts PLWH and may play a role in the development of insulin resistance through direct and indirect pathways. The Nutrition to Optimize, Understand, and Restore Insulin Sensitivity in HIV for Oklahoma (NOURISH-OK) will use a novel, multi-level, integrated framework to explore how food insecurity contributes to insulin resistance among PLWH. Specifically, it will explore how food insecurity may operate as an intermediary risk factor for insulin resistance, including potential linkages between upstream determinants of health and downstream consequences of poor diet, other behavioral risk factors, and chronic inflammation.Methods/designThis paper summarizes the protocol for the first aim of the NOURISH-OK study, which involves purposeful cross-sectional sampling of PLWH (n=500) across four levels of food insecurity to test our conceptual framework. Developed in collaboration with community stakeholders, this initial phase involves the collection of anthropometrics, fasting blood samples, non-blood biomarkers, 24-hour food recall to estimate the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) score, and survey data. A 1-month, prospective observational sub-study (total n=100; n=25 for each food security group) involves weekly 24-hour food recalls and stool samples to identify temporal associations between food insecurity, diet, and gut microbiome composition. Using structural equation modeling, we will explore how upstream risk factors, including early life events, current discrimination, and community food access, may influence food insecurity and its potential downstream impacts, including diet, other lifestyle risk behaviors, and chronic inflammation, with insulin resistance as the ultimate outcome variable. Findings from these analyses of observational data will inform the subsequent study aims, which involve qualitative exploration of significant pathways, followed by development and testing of a low-DII® food as medicine intervention to reverse insulin resistance among PLWH ( Identifier: NCT05208671).DiscussionThe NOURISH-OK study will address important research gaps to inform the development of food as medicine interventions to support healthy aging for PLWH.
      PubDate: 2022-08-16T00:00:00Z
  • BrazIliaN Type 1 & 2 DiabetEs Disease Registry (BINDER): longitudinal,
           real-world study of diabetes mellitus control in
           Brazil|Introduction|Methods|Main results|Conclusion

    • Authors: Bianca de Almeida-Pititto, Freddy G. Eliaschewitz, Mauricio A. de Paula, Graziela C. Ferreira
      Abstract: IntroductionThis study aimed at assessing the patterns of care and glycemic control of patients with diabetes (DM) in real life during a follow-up of 2 years in the public and private health sectors in Brazil.MethodsBINDER was an observational study of patients>18 years old, with type-1 (T1DM) and type-2 DM (T2DM), followed at 250 sites from 40 cities across the five regions of Brazil. The results for the 1,266 participants who were followed for 2 years are presented.Main resultsMost patients were Caucasians (75%), male (56.7%) and from the private health sector (71%). Of the 1,266 patients who entered the analysis, 104 (8.2%) had T1DM and 1162 (91.8%) had T2DM. Patients followed in the private sector represented 48% of the patients with T1DM and 73% of those with T2DM. For T1DM, in addition to insulins (NPH in 24%, regular in 11%, long-acting analogues in 58%, fast-acting analogues in 53%, and others in 12%), the patients received biguanide (20%), SGLT2-I (4%), and GLP-1Ra (
      PubDate: 2022-08-16T00:00:00Z
  • Assessment of Serum Free Light Chains as a Marker of Diabetic Nephropathy;
           A Cross-Sectional Study in the Kumasi Metropolis|Aims|Materials and

    • Authors: Elizabeth Sorvor, William K. B. A. Owiredu, Perditer Okyere, Max Efui Annani-Akollor, Sampson Donkor, Richard Bannor, Felix B.K. Sorvor, Richard K.D. Ephraim
      Abstract: AimsAlthough traditional tests such as serum urea, creatinine, and microalbuminuria have been widely employed in the diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy, their sensitivity and accuracy are limited because kidney damage precedes the excretion of these biomarkers. This study investigated the role of serum free light chains in the disease manifestation of diabetic nephropathy.Materials and MethodsUsing a cross-sectional design we recruited 107 diabetes mellitus out-patients who visited the Diabetes and Renal Disease Clinics at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Manhyia District Hospital, and Suntreso Government Hospital all in Ghana from November 2019 to February 2020. Five (5) mls of blood was collected from each participant and analyzed for fasting blood glucose (FBG) urea, creatinine, immunoglobulin free light chains. Urine samples were obtained and analyzed for albumin. Anthropometric characteristics were also measured. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, Tukey HSD post hoc, and Kruskal Wallis test. Chi-squared test was used to examine if there are significant associations with the indicators of interest. In addition, Spearman’s correlation was used to test for associations between appropriate variables. Receiver operating characteristic analysis (ROC) was also performed to assess the diagnostic performance of free light chains.ResultsThe mean age of studied participants was 58.2 years (SD: ± 11.1), 63.2% were females and most of the participants were married (63.0%). The mean FBG of the studied participants was 8.0mmol/L (SD: ± 5.86), and the average duration of diabetes mellitus (DM) was 11.88 years (SD: ± 7.96). The median serum Kappa, Lambda, and Kappa: Lambda ratios for the studied participants were 18.51 (15.63-24.18), 12.19(10.84-14.48), and 1.50(1.23-1.86) respectively. A positive correlation was observed between albuminuria and; Kappa (rs=0.132; p=0.209), and Lambda (rs=0.076; p=0.469). However, a negative correlation was observed between albuminuria and K: L ratio (rs=-0.006; p=0.956).ConclusionsThe current study observed an increasing trend in the levels of free light chains and degree of diabetic nephropathy, although not statistically significant. The exploration of serum free light chains as a better marker of diabetic nephropathy showed very promising results but further studies are required to elucidate its predictive value as a diagnostic tool for diabetic nephropathy.
      PubDate: 2022-08-09T00:00:00Z
  • Clinical and biochemical characteristics of diabetic ketoacidosis in
           adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes at a tertiary hospital in the United
           Arab Emirates|Background|Methods|Results|Conclusion

    • Authors: Raya Almazrouei, Amatur Rahman Siddiqua, Mouza Alnuaimi, Saif Al-Shamsi, Romona Govender
      Abstract: BackgroundDiabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) is a well-known acute complication of diabetes. This study aims to describe the sociodemographic, clinical, and biochemical characteristics of adult patients with different diabetes types and DKA severities attending a tertiary hospital in the UAE.MethodsWe retrospectively extracted sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory data from the electronic medical records of 220 adult patients with DKA admitted to Tawam Hospital between January 2017 and October 2020.ResultsThe average age was 30.6 ± 16.6 years of whom 54.5% were women, 77.7% were UAE nationals and 77.9% were Type 1 diabetes (T1DM). 12.7% were newly diagnosed with diabetes. Treatment noncompliance (31.4%), and infection (26.4%) were the main precipitating factors. Most patients presented with moderate DKA (50.9%). Compared to T1DM, patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were older (53.6 vs 23.9 years, p
      PubDate: 2022-08-08T00:00:00Z
  • Apparent Insulin Deficiency in an Adult African Population With New-Onset
           Type 2 Diabetes|Methods|Results|Conclusion

    • Authors: Davis Kibirige, Isaac Sekitoleko, Priscilla Balungi, William Lumu, Moffat J. Nyirenda
      Abstract: Identifying patients with new-onset type 2 diabetes who have insulin deficiency can aid in timely insulin replacement therapy. In this study, we measured fasting C-peptide concentration to assess endogenous insulin secretion and determine the prevalence and characteristics of patients with insulin deficiency in adult Ugandan patients with confirmed type 2 diabetes at presentation.MethodsAdult patients with new-onset diabetes were recruited from seven tertiary hospitals in Uganda. Participants who were positive for the three islet autoantibodies were excluded. Fasting C-peptide concentrations were measured in 494 adult patients, and insulin deficiency was defined as a fasting C-peptide concentration
      PubDate: 2022-07-28T00:00:00Z
  • Intensification of Insulin Treatment With Insulin Degludec/Aspart in Type
           2 Diabetic Patients: A 2-Year Real-World Experience|Aim|Materials and

    • Authors: Hatice Oner, Hatice Gizem Gunhan, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
      Abstract: AimTo evaluate the effects of insulin degludec/insulin aspart (IDegAsp) coformulation as an intensification of insulin treatment for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in a long term real-world clinical setting.Materials and MethodsThis retrospective non-interventional study, included 210 patients with T2D who to IDegAsp coformulation from prior insulin treatment in a tertiary endocrinology center between September 2017 and December 2019. The baseline data was taken as the index date and defined as the first IDegAsp prescription claim. Previous insulin treatment modalities, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and body weight were recorded, respectively at the 3rd, 6th, 12th, and 24th months of the IDegAsp treatment.ResultsOut of the total 210 patients, 166 patients under insulin treatment switched to twice-daily IDegAsp treatment, 35 patients switched to once daily IDegAsp and twice premeal short-acting insulin regimen as a modified basal-bolus (BB) treatment, and nine patients commenced with once-daily IDegAsp treatment. HbA1c decreased from 9.2% ± 1.9% to 8.2% ± 1.6% in 6 months, 8.2% ± 1.7% in the first year, and 8.1% ± 1.6% in the second year of the therapy (p< 0.001). FPG decreased from 209.0 ± 85.0 mg/dL to 147.0 ± 62.6 mg/dL in the second year (p< 0.001). The required total daily dose of insulin increased in the second year of IDegAsp treatment compared to baseline. However, there was a borderline significance increase in IDegAsp requirement for the whole group at the two-year follow-up (p = 0.05). Patients who were administered twice daily IDegAsp injections required more total insulin in the first and second years due to added premeal short-acting insulin injections (p < 0.05). The frequency of patients with HbA1c < 7% was 31.8% in first year and 35.8% in second year under IDegAsp treatment.Insulin dose was de-escalated in 28.5% of the patients under BB treatment, while 15% under twice-daily IDegAsp required increased BB treatment.ConclusionIntensification of insulin treatment with IDegAsp coformulation improved glycemic control in patients with T2D. The total daily insulin requirement increased but the IDegAsp requirement lightly increased at the two-year follow-up. Patients under BB treatment required de-escalation of insulin treatment.
      PubDate: 2022-07-26T00:00:00Z
  • Barriers to Uptake of Open-Source Automated Insulin Delivery Systems:
           Analysis of Socioeconomic Factors and Perceived Challenges of Caregivers
           of Children and Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes From the OPEN

    • Authors: Antonia Huhndt, Yanbing Chen, Shane O’Donnell, Drew Cooper, Hanne Ballhausen, Katarzyna A. Gajewska, Timothée Froment, Mandy Wäldchen, Dana M. Lewis, Klemens Raile, Timothy C. Skinner, Katarina Braune
      Abstract: BackgroundAs a treatment option for people living with diabetes, automated insulin delivery (AID) systems are becoming increasingly popular. The #WeAreNotWaiting community plays a crucial role in the provision and distribution of open-source AID technology. However, while a large percentage of children were early adopters of open-source AID, there are regional differences in adoption, which has prompted an investigation into the barriers perceived by caregivers of children with diabetes to creating open-source systems.MethodsThis is a retrospective, cross-sectional and multinational study conducted with caregivers of children and adolescents with diabetes, distributed across the online #WeAreNotWaiting online peer-support groups. Participants—specifically caregivers of children not using AID—responded to a web-based questionnaire concerning their perceived barriers to building and maintaining an open-source AID system.Results56 caregivers of children with diabetes, who were not using open-source AID at the time of data collection responded to the questionnaire. Respondents indicated that their major perceived barriers to building an open-source AID system were their limited technical skills (50%), a lack of support by medical professionals (39%), and therefore the concern with not being able to maintain an AID system (43%). However, barriers relating to confidence in open-source technologies/unapproved products and fear of digital technology taking control of diabetes were not perceived as significant enough to prevent non-users from initiating the use of an open-source AID system.ConclusionsThe results of this study elucidate some of the perceived barriers to uptake of open-source AID experienced by caregivers of children with diabetes. Reducing these barriers may improve the uptake of open-source AID technology for children and adolescents with diabetes. With the continuous development and wider dissemination of educational resources and guidance—for both aspiring users and their healthcare professionals—the adoption of open-source AID systems could be improved.
      PubDate: 2022-07-25T00:00:00Z
  • Sex Differences in Depression and Sleep Disturbance as Inter-Related Risk
           Factors of Diabetes|Objectives|Methods|Results|Conclusions

    • Authors: Clara S. Li, Rose Porta, Shefali Chaudhary
      Abstract: ObjectivesPrevious studies identified depression and sleep disturbance as risk factors for diabetes. Sleep disturbance and depression are known to be inter-related. Further, women relative to men are more prone to depression. Here, we investigated how depression and sleep disturbance may jointly influence the risk of diabetes and the effects of sex on these influences.MethodsUsing the data of 21,229 participants from the 2018 National Health Interview Survey, we performed multivariate logistic regression with diabetes diagnosis as the dependent variable, sex, self-reported frequency of weekly depression and nightly sleep duration, and their interactions with sex as independent variables, and age, race, income, body mass index and physical activity as covariates. We employed Bayesian and Akaike Information criteria to identify the best model, evaluated the accuracy of the model in predicting diabetes using receiver operating characteristic analysis, and computed the odds ratios of these risk factors.ResultsIn the two best models, depression frequency and sleep hours interact with sex in determining the diagnosis of diabetes, with higher depression frequency and nightly duration of sleep longer or shorter than 7 to 8 hours associated with higher likelihood of diabetes. The two models both predicted diabetes at an accuracy (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve) of 0.86. Further, these effects were stronger in men than in women at each depression and sleep level.ConclusionsDepression and sleep inter-relatedly rather than independently contributes to diabetes. Depression and sleep hours associate with diabetes more significantly in men than in women. The current findings indicate a sex-dependent relationship between depression, sleep disturbance and diabetes risk and add to a growing body of evidence linking mental and physical health.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19T00:00:00Z
  • Editorial: Psychological Interventions to Improve Diabetes Self-Management

    • Authors: Anne M. Doherty
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T00:00:00Z
  • Why Glucagon Matters for Hypoglycemia and Physical Activity in Individuals
           With Type 1 Diabetes

    • Authors: Sheri R. Colberg
      PubDate: 2022-07-08T00:00:00Z
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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