Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8196 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (205 journals)
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    - ENDOCRINOLOGY (149 journals)
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    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (151 journals)

ENDOCRINOLOGY (149 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 134 of 134 Journals sorted alphabetically
AACE Clinical Case Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Diabetes and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Annales d'Endocrinologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BMC Endocrine Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Endocrinology and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism     Hybrid Journal  
Comprehensive Psychoneuroendocrinology     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Endocrine and Metabolic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Dermato-Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diabesity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Diabetes & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 261)
Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Discover Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Dubai Diabetes and Endocrinology Journal     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Endocrine and Metabolic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrine Connections     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Endocrine Disruptors     Open Access  
Endocrine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Endocrine Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Endocrine Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Endocrine Regulations     Open Access  
Endocrine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Endocrine Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Endocrine-Related Cancer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism     Open Access  
Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports     Open Access  
Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Endokrynologia Polska     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
European Thyroid Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Clinical Diabetes and Healthcare     Open Access  
Frontiers in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science     Open Access  
Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
General and Comparative Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Growth Hormone & IGF Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Gynakologische Endokrinologie     Hybrid Journal  
Gynecological Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hormone and Metabolic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Hormone Research in Paediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Hormones : International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal  
Hormones and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International journal of endocrine oncology     Open Access  
International Journal of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90)
International Journal of Osteoporosis and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
JIMD Reports     Open Access  
Journal für Gynäkologische Endokrinologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal für Klinische Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel : Austrian Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 139)
Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology Assocation of Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Endocrinology and Reproduction     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Inborn Errors of Metabolism and Screening     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Neuroendocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Pineal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Renal and Hepatic Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Restorative Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Social Health and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies     Open Access  
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
L'Endocrinologo     Hybrid Journal  
Metabolic Brain Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Molecular Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Nature Reviews Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
Neuroendocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Nigerian Endocrine Practice     Full-text available via subscription  
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychoneuroendocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Reproductive Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Revista Argentina de Endocrinología y Metabolismo     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Endocrinología     Open Access  
Revista Venezolana de Endocrinología y Metabolismo     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Journal of Diabetes Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access  
The Endocrinologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 167)
Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Thyroid     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Thyroid Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Thyroid Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Vitamins & Hormones     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Discover Oncology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.251
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2730-6011
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • The prognostic implications of SIRTs expression in breast cancer: a
           systematic review and meta-analysis

    • Abstract: Background Sirtuins (SIRTs) have key roles in cancer progression. However, the prognostic implications of SIRTs in breast cancer (BC) remains a subject of debate and controversy. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to identify the precise prognostic value of SIRTs in BC patients. Methods Systematic literature searching was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase databases. The pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to estimate the association of SIRTs expression and survival outcomes in BC patients. Results A total of 22 original studies with 6317 patients were eligible for this meta-analysis. The results showed that in patients with BC, elevated SIRTs levels were associated with shorter overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) both in univariate (HR = 1.56, 95% CI 1.21–2.00; HR = 1.67, 95% CI 1.32–2.12, respectively) and multivariate analysis models (HR = 2.11, 95% CI 1.48–3.00; HR = 1.70, 95% CI 1.20–2.39, respectively). Notably, further subgroup analysis revealed that overexpression of SIRT1 and SIRT6 predicted poor OS (HR = 2.65, 95% CI 1.54–4.56; HR = 2.53, 95% CI 1.64–3.90, respectively) and DFS (HR = 1.65, 95% CI 1.07–2.56; HR = 2.74; 95% CI 1.88–4.01, respectively) in BC. Conclusions Our data has elucidated that SIRT1 and SIRT6 could serve as prognostic biomarkers for patients with BC and may contribute to refined patient management.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
       
  • A novel diagnostic model for insulinoma

    • Abstract: Abstract The aim is to describe a simple and feasible model for the diagnosis of insulinoma. This retrospective study enrolled 37 patients with insulinoma and 44 patients with hypoglycemia not due to insulinoma at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University. General demographic and clinical characteristics; hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), insulin and C-peptide concentrations; and the results of 2-h oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) were recorded, and a logistic regression model predictive of insulinoma was determined. Body mass index (BMI), HbA1c concentration, 0-h C-peptide concentration, and 0-h and 1-h plasma glucose concentrations (P < 0.05 each) were independently associated with insulinoma. A regression prediction model was established through multivariate logistics regression analysis: Logit p = 7.399+(0.310 × BMI) − (1.851 × HbA1c) − (1.467 × 0-h plasma glucose) + (1.963 × 0-h C-peptide) − (0.612 × 1-h plasma glucose). Using this index to draw a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the area under the curve (AUC) was found to be 0.957. The optimal cut-off value was − 0.17, which had a sensitivity of 89.2% and a specificity of 86.4%. Logit P ≥ − 0.17 can be used as a diagnostic marker for predicting insulinoma in patients with hypoglycemia.
      PubDate: 2022-08-02
       
  • CC chemokine receptor 7 promotes macrophage recruitment and induces
           M2-polarization through CC chemokine ligand 19&21 in oral squamous
           cell carcinoma

    • Abstract: Purpose This study aimed to investigate the impact of CC chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) on the recruitment and polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methods We analyzed CCR7 expression pattern, clinicopathological significance, and its association with M2 macrophage infiltration in OSCC by bioinformatic methods. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was utilized to silence CCR7 in OSCC cells. Conditioned media (CM) was harvested from transfected OSCC cells to establish a co-culture model of THP-1 derived macrophages and OSCC cells. Transwell assay and cell adhesion assay were performed to examine the effect of CCR7 on macrophages recruitment and adhesion. Cytoskeleton was labelled by phalloidin to observe macrophage morphological changes. Moreover, phenotypic alteration of macrophages was measured using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence (IF) staining. Ultimately, recombinant human CCL19 and CCL21 were added into the medium of THP-1 derived macrophages to explore their effects on polarization in vitro. Results In OSCC patients, the overexpression of CCR7 positively correlated with lymph node metastasis and M2 macrophage infiltration. Macrophage not only exhibited enhanced migration, invasion and adhesion abilities, but also appeared more spindle and branched in vitro when treated with CM from OSCC cells. However, these phenomena were abrogated with knockdown of CCR7. We also discovered that inhibition of CCR7 in OSCC cells suppressed TAMs polarization to an M2 phenotype. In addition, recombinant human CCL19 and CCL21 promoted macrophage M2-polarization in vitro. Conclusion CCR7 in OSCC cells promoted recruitment and M2-polarization of THP-1 derived macrophages in vitro by regulating production of CCL19 and CCL21.
      PubDate: 2022-07-29
       
  • Complete remission of recurrent multiple insulin-producing neuroendocrine
           tumors of the pancreas with somatostatin analogs: a case report and
           literature review

    • Abstract: Abstract Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is most commonly caused by a single, sporadic insulinoma. Multicentric insulinoma disease (insulinomatosis) as well as metachronous neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas, known also as neuroendocrine adenomatosis, represent a very rare condition, if not associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome (MEN1) or Von Hippel Lindau disease. We report a 9-year follow-up of a 41-year-old woman, initially presenting with hypoglycemic syndrome caused by two insulin-producing tumors, who underwent subtotal pancreasectomy in 2012, with histology compatible with multiple small neuroendocrine tumors. An approximately 1-cm insulin-producing tumor recurred at subsequent biochemical and radiological follow-up, and was cured with the somatostatin analog octreotide as a single treatment, until remission of symptoms and complete regression of the pancreatic lesion achieved after only 16 months of treatment. The possible mechanisms for these findings are discussed and the literature is briefly reviewed.
      PubDate: 2022-07-15
       
  • Integrated in silico analysis of LRP2 mutations to immunotherapy efficacy
           in pan-cancer cohort

    • Abstract: Purpose Immunotherapy has emerged as a novel therapy, while many patients are refractory. Although, several biomarkers have been identified as predictive biomarkers for immunotherapy, such as tumor specific genes, PD-1/PD-L1, tumor mutation burn (TMB), and microsatellite instability (MSI), results remain unsatisfactory. The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of LRP2 mutations in predicating cancer immunotherapy. Methods We investigated the characteristics of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 2 (LRP2) mutation in the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) and explored the potential association of LRP2 mutations with immunotherapy. Characteristics of LRP2 mutations in 33 cancer types were analyzed using large-scale public data. The association of LRP2 mutations with immune cell infiltration and immunotherapy efficacy was evaluated. Finally, a LPR2 mutation signature (LMS) was developed and validated by TCGA-UCEC and pan-cancer cohorts. Furthermore, we demonstrated the predictive power of LMS score in independent immunotherapy cohorts by performing a meta-analysis. Results Our results revealed that patients with LRP2 mutant had higher TMB and MSI compared with patients without LRP2 mutations. LRP2 mutations were associated with high levels of immune cells infiltration, immune-related genes expression and enrichment of immune related signaling pathways. Importantly, LRP2-mutated patients had a long overall survival (OS) after immunotherapy. In the endometrial cancer (EC) cohort, we found that patients with LRP2 mutations belonged to the POLE and MSI-H type and had a better prognosis. Finally, we developed a LRP2 mutations signature (LMS), that was significantly associated with prognosis in patients receiving immunotherapy. Conclusion These results indicated that LRP2 mutations can serve as a biomarker for personalized tumor immunotherapy. Importantly, LMS is a potential predictor of patients’ prognosis after immunotherapy.
      PubDate: 2022-07-14
       
  • Co-expression of High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) and receptor
           for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in the prognosis of esophageal
           squamous cell carcinoma

    • Abstract: Abstract Esophageal cancer is a malignant type of cancer with a high mortality rate. The aim of this study is to determine co-expression patterns of High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) and receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in ESCC (esophageal squamous cell carcinoma) conditions and their prognostic role in cancer progression. The expression of HMGB1 and RAGE in ESCC tissues has been analyzed using qRT–PCR and Western blotting. Co-localized expression patterns of HMGB1 and RAGE in ESCC tissues were determined using immunohistochemistry and analyzed for clinical-pathological parameters. Overall survival was performed based on co-expression of HMGB1 and RAGE proteins. A higher expression pattern of HMGB1, and RAGE was observed at mRNA and protein level in the ESCC group compared to the adjacent tissue group. Expression of HMGB1 was significantly correlated with lymph node, metastasis, lymphatic invasion, and venous invasion (p < 0.05). RAGE expression exhibited a significant correlation with venous invasion. Overall survival was significantly shorter (P < 0.05) in the patients with co-expression of HMGB1 and RAGE compared to the patients without co-expression. A significant difference in the overall survival was evident between the patients with co-expression of HMGB1 and RAGE and the patients without coexpression. HMGB1 and RAGE expression patterns were associated with aggressive metastatic characteristics of ESCC. The co-expression of HMGB1 and RAGE was correlated with shorter survival times. Results concluded the co-expression patterns of HMGB1 and RAGE exhibited a prognostic relevance in ESCC conditions.
      PubDate: 2022-07-13
       
  • Downregulation of PGM5 expression correlates with tumor progression and
           poor prognosis in human prostate cancer

    • Abstract: Abstract Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common malignancy in men in developed countries. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) remains the most widely used serum marker for prostate cancer. Here, we reported that the expression of phosphoglucomutase-like protein 5 (PGM5) is significantly lower in prostate cancer tissue. The low expression of PGM5 and its related gene signature were found to be linked to poor clinical outcome and high Gleason score. In vitro assays showed that overexpression of PGM5 significantly repressed proliferation and migration of prostate cancer cells. GO and pathway analyses showed the enrichment of genes in regulation of cell growth and migration, and pathways related in cancer. Our additional results showed that the downregulation of PGM5 is closely related to DNA methylation. Taken together, our findings provide the first evidence that PGM5 expression is associated with prostate cancer progression. These results also highlight a preclinical rationale that PGM5 represents a prognostic marker and a promising target for new therapeutic strategies in prostate cancer.
      PubDate: 2022-07-12
       
  • LncRNAs as epigenetic regulators of epithelial to mesenchymal transition
           in pancreatic cancer

    • Abstract: Abstract Pancreatic cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality because of tumor metastasis. Activation of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathway has been confirmed to be an important driver of pancreatic cancer progression from initiation to metastasis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to exert essential physiological functions in pancreatic cancer progression by regulating the EMT program. In this review, we have summarized the role of EMT-related lncRNAs in human pancreatic cancer and the potential molecular mechanisms by which lncRNAs can be vital epigenetic regulators of epithelial to mesenchymal transition. Specifically, EMT-activating transcription factors (EMT-TFs) regulate EMT via TGF-β/Smad, Wnt/β-catenin, and JAK/STAT pathways. In addition, the interaction between lncRNAs and HIF-1α and m6A RNA methylation also have an impact on tumor metastasis and EMT in pancreatic cancer. This review will provide insights into lncRNAs as promising biomarkers for tumor metastasis and potential therapeutic strategies for pancreatic cancer.
      PubDate: 2022-07-11
       
  • Immunonutrition reduces complications rate and length of stay after
           laparoscopic total gastrectomy: a single unit retrospective study

    • Abstract: Background Preoperative immunonutrition (IN) reduces the incidence of postoperative complications in malnourished patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery. However, its effect in norm-nourished patients remains unclear. Furthermore, patients with gastric cancer undergoing laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) are not routinely included in protocols of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS). Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of perioperative IN in patients undergoing laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) within an established ERAS pathway. Methods A comparative retrospective study of patients undergoing LTG, receiving an immune-enhancing feed plus maltodextrin load the day of surgery (Group A) versus patients who had the same operation but no IN nor fast track management (group B). Results There were no significant differences in patient demographic characteristics between the two groups but the medium age of patients in group A was older. Thirty-days postoperative complications were respectively 8.7% in Group A and 33.3% in Group B (p 0.04). Mean and median LOS for Group A and B were also significantly different: 7.2 ± 4.4 vs 10.3 ± 5.4 and 7 vs 10 days respectively. Conclusion Preoperative IN associated with ERAS protocol in normo-nourished patient undergoing LTG seems to reduce postoperative complications. Reduction in LOS is possibly associated to the ERAS protocol. Clinical trial registration Clinical trials.gov: NCT05259488
      PubDate: 2022-07-11
       
  • Metabolic plasticity in blast crisis-chronic myeloid leukaemia cells under
           hypoxia reduces the cytotoxic potency of drugs targeting mitochondria

    • Abstract: Abstract Metabolic reprogramming (MR) influences progression of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) to blast crisis (BC), but metabolic programs may change transiently in a second dimension (metabolic plasticity, MP), driven by environments as hypoxia, affecting cytotoxic potency (CPot) of drugs targeting mitochondria or mitochondria-related cell stress responses (MRCSR) such as mitophagy and mitochondrial biogenesis. We assessed mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), mitochondrial mass (MM), apoptosis, glucose uptake (GU), and CPot of arsenic trioxide (ATO), CCCP, valproic acid (VPA), vincristine (VCR), Mdivi1, and dichloroacetic acid (DCA) in CML BC cells K562 (BC-K562) under hypoxia through flow cytometry, and gene expression from GEO database. About 60% of untreated cells were killed after 72 h under hypoxia, but paradoxically, all drugs but ATO rescued cells and increased survival rates to almost 90%. Blocking mitophagy either with VCR or Mdivi1, or increasing mitochondrial biogenesis with VPA enhanced cell-survival with increased MM. DCA increased MM and rescued cells in spite of its role in activating pyruvate dehydrogenase and Krebs cycle. Cells rescued by DCA, VPA and CCCP showed decreased GU. ATO showed equal CPot in hypoxia and normoxia. MP was evidenced by differential expression of genes (DEG) under hypoxia related to Krebs cycle, lipid synthesis, cholesterol homeostasis, mitophagy, and mitochondrial biogenesis (GSE144527). A 25-gene MP-signature of BC-K562 cells under hypoxia identified BC cases among 113 transcriptomes from CML patients (GSE4170). We concluded that hypoxic environment drove a MP change evidenced by DEG that was reflected in a paradoxical pro-survival, instead of cytotoxic, effect of drugs targeting mitochondria and MRCSR.
      PubDate: 2022-07-08
       
  • Acetyl-CoA synthetase 2(ACSS2): a review with a focus on metabolism and
           tumor development

    • Abstract: Abstract Acetyl-CoA synthetase 2 (ACSS2), an important member of the acetyl-CoA synthetase (ACSS) family, can catalyze the conversion of acetate to acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA). Currently, acetyl-CoA is considered an important intermediate metabolite in the metabolism of energy substrates. In addition, nutrients converge through acetyl-CoA into a common metabolic pathway, the tricarboxylic acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation. Not only does ACSS2 play a crucial role in material energy metabolism, it is also involved in the regulation of various acetylation processes, such as regulation of histone and transcription factor acetylation. ACSS2-mediated regulation of acetylation is related to substance metabolism and tumorigenesis. In mammalian cells, ACSS2 utilizes intracellular acetate to synthesize acetyl-CoA, a step in the process of DNA and histone acetylation. In addition, studies in tumors have shown that cancer cells adapt to the growth conditions in the tumor microenvironment (TME) by activating or increasing the expression level of ACSS2 under metabolic stress. Therefore, this review mainly outlines the role of ACSS2 in substance metabolism and tumors and provides insights useful for investigating ACSS2 as a therapeutic target.
      PubDate: 2022-07-07
       
  • Deciphering the role of miR-187-3p/LRFN1 axis in modulating progression,
           aerobic glycolysis and immune microenvironment of clear cell renal cell
           carcinoma

    • Abstract: Abstract Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the most common malignant genitourinary cancers with high recurrence risk worldwide. Recently, multi-omics data facilitate obtaining a molecular landscape of tumor development, and were implemented to affect pathogenesis, phenotype, and prognosis of ccRCC. In this study, after screening for differential expressed microRNAs based on multiply datasets, we tested expression levels and prognostic value of miR-187-3p in ccRCC samples, and transfected miR-187-3p mimics or negative controls into ccRCC cells. Up-regulation of miR-187-3p restrains proliferation, migration and promotes apoptosis ability in human ccRCC A498 and 786O cells. In addition, Luciferase reporter assay revealed that miR-187-3p directly targets LRFN1-3’-UTR and negatively modulates LRFN1 expression. LRFN1 rescues proliferation and invasion capacities after miR-187-3p mimic transfection in vitro and in subcutaneous xenograft models. We further performed deep-sequencing technology and bioinformatics analyses to evaluate the biological functions and potential clinical implications of LRFN1 expression in ccRCC. Interestingly, LRFN1 could serve as an independent and potential biomarker for prognosis in over 1000 patients with ccRCC from multiply independent cohorts. Besides, the up-regulated LRFN1 expression prominently promoted intra-tumoral heterogeneity and immune-infiltrating microenvironment, represented by elevated M2 macrophage infiltration, CD8+ T cells activity and PD-L1 expression. In conclusion, this study revealed the tumor-specific and immunological role of miR-187-3p/LRFN1 axis in the progression and reshaping of tumor immune microenvironment of ccRCC.
      PubDate: 2022-07-07
       
  • miR-1307-5p suppresses proliferation and tumorigenesis of bladder cancer
           via targeting MDM4 and the Hippo signaling pathway

    • Abstract: Background Emerging evidence has shown that miR-1307-5p is involved in tumorigenesis of various types of cancer. This study aims to assess the role and mechanism of miR-1307-5p in bladder cancer. Methods Bioinformatics analyses were carried out with clinical datasets in the public domains. To investigate the cellular functions of miR-1307-5p, assays of cell proliferation, cell cycle and cell apoptosis were conducted in bladder cancer cell lines and xenografts. The molecular mechanisms of miR-1307-5p were studied using luciferase reporter, RT–qPCR, and western blotting analyses. Results We found that miR-1307-5p expression was significantly decreased in bladder cancer tissues, and its lower level was associated with poor prognosis. Cellular assays indicated the tumor-suppressor roles of miR-1307-5p were linked to cell proliferation, cell cycle inhibition, and cell apoptosis promotion. Conversely, anti-miR-1307-5p facilitated cell proliferation and cell cycle and antagonized cell apoptosis. In the in vivo setting, tumor growth was suppressed by miR-1307-5p overexpression. We found by bioinformatic and luciferase reporter assays that miR-1307-5p targets the 3′-UTR of MDM4, a well-known Inhibitor of TP53-mediated transactivation, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Specifically, miR-1307-5p markedly reduced MDM4 proteins expression, decreased the expression of Ki-67 and PCNA, and increased the expression of cleaved-caspase 3 and caspase 9. While in parallel assays, anti-miR-1307-5p had opposite effects. In addition, we found that miR-1307-5p overexpression would suppress bladder cancer cell growth by inhibiting MDM4 and its downstream Hippo pathway. Conclusion In bladder cancer, miR-1307-5p functions as a tumor suppressor and has the potentials as biomarker and therapeutical agent.
      PubDate: 2022-07-01
       
  • Elevated LINC00894 relieves the oncogenic properties of thyroid cancer
           cell by sponging let-7e-5p to promote TIA-1 expression

    • Abstract: Abstract LINC00894 plays an important role in cancer cell proliferation and invasion in breast and kidney cancer. However, its role in thyroid cancer proliferation and metastasis remains unclear. In this study, data on LINC00894 expression in thyroid cancer tissues were obtained from GEPIA2. miRNA expression in thyroid cancer tissues was obtained from starBase 3.0 and OncomiR. Cell proliferation was evaluated using CCK-8, and Transwell chambers were used for the migration and invasion assays. LINC00894 and let-7e-5p expressions in thyroid cancer cells were measured using qRT–PCR. Meanwhile, TIA-1 expression in thyroid cancer cells was analyzed via western blotting. We found that LINC00894 expression was markedly reduced in thyroid cancer tissues and cells, and low expression of LINC00894 was associated with poor prognosis in thyroid cancer. LINC00894 overexpression inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of CAL-62 and TPC-1 cells. Additionally, let-7e-5p expression was substantially enhanced in CAL-62 and TPC-1 cells. LINC00894 overexpression promoted TIA-1 expression by acting as a sponge of let-7e-5p. Finally, let-7e-5p weakened the function of LINC00894 in thyroid cancer cells via reduction in TIA-1 levels. In conclusion, our data suggest that increased LINC00894 expression reduces the oncogenic properties of thyroid cancer cells by sponging let-7e-5p to promote TIA-1 expression.
      PubDate: 2022-07-01
       
  • Identification of hub genes predicting the development of prostate cancer
           from benign prostate hyperplasia and analyzing their clinical value in
           prostate cancer by bioinformatic analysis

    • Abstract: Abstract Prostate cancer (PCa) and benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) are commonly encountered diseases in males. Studies showed that genetic factors are responsible for the occurrences of both diseases. However, the genetic association between them is still unclear. Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database can help determine the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between BPH and PCa. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis were utilized to find pathways DEGs enriched. The STRING database can provide a protein–protein interaction (PPI) network, and find hub genes in PPI network. R software was used to analyze the clinical value of hub genes in PCa. Finally, the function of these hub genes was tested in different databases, clinical samples, and PCa cells. Fifteen up-regulated and forty-five down-regulated genes were found from GEO database. Seven hub genes were found in PPI network. The expression and clinical value of hub genes were analyzed by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data. Except CXCR4, all hub genes expressed differently between tumor and normal samples. Exclude CXCR4, other hub genes have diagnostic value in predicting PCa and their mutations can cause PCa. The expression of CSRP1, MYL9 and SNAI2 changed in different tumor stage. CSRP1 and MYH11 could affect disease-free survival (DFS). Same results reflected in different databases. The expression and function of MYC, MYL9, and SNAI2, were validated in clinical samples and PCa cells. In conclusion, seven hub genes among sixty DEGs may be achievable targets for predicting which BPH patients may later develop PCa and they can influence the progression of PCa.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
       
  • Prioritizing risk genes as novel stratification biomarkers for acute
           monocytic leukemia by integrative analysis

    • Abstract: Abstract Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a blood cancer with high heterogeneity and stratified as M0–M7 subtypes in the French-American-British (FAB) diagnosis system. Improved diagnosis with leverage of key molecular inputs will assist precisive medicine. Through deep-analyzing the transcriptomic data and mutations of AML, we report that a modern clustering algorithm, t-distributed Stochastic Neighbor Embedding (t-SNE), successfully demarcates M2, M3 and M5 territories while M4 bias to M5 and M0 & M1 bias to M2, consistent with the traditional FAB classification. Combining with mutation profiles, the results show that top recurrent AML mutations were unbiasedly allocated into M2 and M5 territories, indicating the t-SNE instructed transcriptomic stratification profoundly outperforms mutation profiling in the FAB system. Further functional data mining prioritizes several myeloid-specific genes as potential regulators of AML progression and treatment by Venetoclax, a BCL2 inhibitor. Among them two encode membrane proteins, LILRB4 and LRRC25, which could be utilized as cell surface biomarkers for monocytic AML or for innovative immuno-therapy candidates in future. In summary, our deep functional data-mining analysis warrants several unappreciated immune signaling-encoding genes as novel diagnostic biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
       
  • CD155 promotes radioresistance and malignancy of esophageal cancer by
           regulating Hippo-YAP pathway

    • Abstract: Abstract The expression of CD155 has been observed to increase in various human cancers, but its role in the development of esophageal cancer (EC) is unclear. Radiotherapy is one of the primary therapeutic options for EC. However, radioresistance is still a severe issue in EC treatment. In this study, Oncomine database mining, immunohistochemistry, and survival analysis showed that higher expression of CD155 in patients with EC than in healthy controls. In vitro and in vivo, we found for the first time that irradiation increased the expression of CD155 in EC cells. CD155 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation and migration and tumor formation, and significantly increased radiosensitivity in EC. The in vivo model with high CD155 expression significantly promoted the proliferation and migration of EC cells. Furthermore, increased CD155 expression was associated with poor prognosis in patients with EC. CD155 regulated the Hippo-Yap pathway, influencing cell proliferation and migration. Therefore, CD155 is essential for the proliferation, migration, and radioresistance of EC. CD155 inhibition may be a viable strategy for improving radiation treatment efficacy in individuals with EC.
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
       
  • The effect of anastomotic leak on postoperative pelvic function and
           quality of life in rectal cancer patients

    • Abstract: Aim The aim of this review was to collect all available literature data analysing the effects of the anastomotic leak (AL) on post-sphincter preserving rectal cancer surgery bowel and urogenital function as well as to quality of life (QoL) dimensions. Methods A literature search of the PubMed and Embase electronic databases was conducted by two independent investigators and all studies using either functional parameters or QoL as a primary or secondary endpoint after a rectal cancer surgery AL were included. Results Amongst the 13 identified studies focusing on the post-AL neorecto-anal function, 3 case-matched studies,3 comparative studies and 1 population-based study supported the deleterious effects of the AL on bowel function, with disturbances of the types of high bowel movement frequency, urgency and increased incontinent episodes to predominate. At one case-matched study the Low Anterior Resection Syndrome (LARS) score was inferior in the AL patients. At limited under-powered studies, urinary frequency, reduced male sexual activity and female dyspareunia may be linked to a prior AL. According to two QoL-targeted detailed studies, QoL disturbances, such as physical and emotional function difficulties may persist up to 3 years after the AL occurrence. Conclusions AL may have adverse effects on postoperative pelvic function and QoL in rectal cancer patients. As evidenced by this literature review, the limited reports on this intriguing topic may trigger the initiative for planning and undertaking larger, multicentre studies on rectal cancer patients with varying degrees of AL severity.
      PubDate: 2022-06-25
       
  • Effect of gut microbiota in the colorectal cancer and potential target
           therapy

    • Abstract: Abstract The symbiotic interaction between gut microbiota and the digestive tract is an important factor in maintaining the intestinal environment balance. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a complex disease involving the interaction between tumour cells and a large number of microorganisms. The microbiota is involved in the occurrence, development and prognosis of colorectal cancer. Several microbiota species have been studied, such as Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum), Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF), Streptococcus bovis (S. bovis), Lactobacillus, and Bifidobacterium. Studies about the interaction between microbiota and CRC were retrieved from Embase, PubMed, Ovid and Web of Science up to 21 Oct 2021. This review expounded on the effect of microbiota on CRC, especially the dysregulation of bacteria and carcinogenicity. The methods of gut microbiota modifications representing novel prognostic markers and innovative therapeutic strategies were also described.
      PubDate: 2022-06-24
       
  • Circ_0000705 facilitates proline metabolism of esophageal squamous cell
           carcinoma cells by targeting miR-621/PYCR1 axis

    • Abstract: Abstract CircRNAs have been found to play crucial roles in the metabolism and progression of cancers, but their roles and mechanisms in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not been fully elucidated. This work is aimed to explore the role and mechanism of hsa_circ_0000705 (circ_0000705) in ESCC. Circ_0000705 expression was up-regulated in ESCC tissues and cell lines, and high circ_0000705 expression was correlated with poor survival. Circ_0000705 facilitated cell proliferation, invasion, migration and proline metabolism of ESCC cells. The inhibitory effects of circ_0000705 knockdown on cell invasion, migration and proline metabolism were partly rescued by miR-621 inhibition or PYCR1 over-expression. Furthermore, circ_0000705 expression is negatively correlated with miR-621 expression, and positively correlated with PYCR1 in ESCC tissues. Mechanistically, circ_0000705 acted as a ceRNA by sponging miR-621, thereby facilitating PYCR1 expression in ESCC cells. In conclusion, circ_0000705 promoted proline metabolism and malignant progression of ESCC by regulating the miR‑621/PYCR1 axis.
      PubDate: 2022-06-22
       
 
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