Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8185 journals)
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HEMATOLOGY (160 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 151 of 151 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Haematologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Open Access  
Adipocyte     Open Access  
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Africa Sanguine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Archives of Hematology Case Reports and Reviews     Open Access  
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Blood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 297)
Blood Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Blood and Lymphatic Cancer : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Blood Cancer Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Blood Pressure     Open Access  
Blood Pressure Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Blood Purification     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Blood Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
BMC Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone Marrow Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
British Journal of Diabetes & Vascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
British Journal of Primary Care Nursing - Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes and Kidney Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Clinical Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Lymphoma & Myeloma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Blood Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conquest : The Official Journal of Diabetes Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Current Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Current Diabetes Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cytotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Der Diabetologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 411)
Diabetes aktuell     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Diabetes Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 469)
Diabetes Case Reports     Open Access  
Diabetes Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Diabetes Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Diabetes Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Diabetes Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Diabetic Foot & Ankle     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diabetic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148)
Diabetologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 206)
Diabetologia Kliniczna     Hybrid Journal  
Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Haematology     Open Access  
eJHaem     Open Access  
European Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Experimental Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Experimental Hematology & Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Fluids and Barriers of the CNS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Haematologica - the Hematology journal     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Haemophilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Hematologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hematología     Open Access  
Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Hematology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hemodialysis International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hepatitis Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Immunohematology : Journal of Blood Group Serology and Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Info Diabetologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
InFo Hämatologie + Onkologie : Interdisziplinäre Fortbildung von Ärzten für Ärzte     Full-text available via subscription  
Integrated Blood Pressure Control     Open Access  
International Blood Research & Reviews     Open Access  
International Journal of Clinical Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hematologic Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Hematology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Iraqi Journal of Hematology     Open Access  
JMIR Diabetes     Open Access  
Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Blood Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Diabetes Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Hematological Malignancies     Open Access  
Journal of Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hematopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hypo & Hyperglycemia     Partially Free  
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Health and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Kidney and Blood Pressure Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Leukemia and Lymphoma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Leukemia Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Leukemia Research Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leukemia Supplements     Full-text available via subscription  
Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access  
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Diabetologie     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Oncohematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Diabetes Journal     Open Access  
Open Hematology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Hypertension Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Blood Diseases     Open Access  
Pediatric Blood & Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Peritoneal Dialysis International     Hybrid Journal  
Platelets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Practical Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Primary Care Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Oncology and Hematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia     Open Access  
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Thalassemia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Haematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Therapeutic Advances in Hematology     Hybrid Journal  
Thrombosis & Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 145)
Thrombosis Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Transfusionsmedizin - Immunhämatologie, Hämotherapie, Immungenetik, Zelltherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Transplantation and Cellular Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veins and Lymphatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.991
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 35  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-742X - ISSN (Online) 0929-5305
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Safety and efficacy of fibrinogen concentrate in aortic arch surgery
           involving moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest

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      Abstract: Objective Bleeding is a common complication of cardiac surgery, especially aortic arch surgery involving moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest. Fibrinogen concentrate has been increasingly used to treat coagulopathic bleeding in cardiac surgery, although its effectiveness and safety are unknown. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of fibrinogen concentrate in patients with acute type A aortic dissection. Methods From July 2020 to August 2021, 84 patients with acute type A aortic dissection who underwent emergency aortic arch surgery involving MHCA and whose intraoperative fibrinogen level was less than 1.5 g/L were included in this study. Fifty-four patients who were supplemented with fibrinogen concentrate were included in the FC treatment group. Thirty patients were included in the non-FC treatment group. The primary endpoints included the required volumes of individual allogeneic blood products (RBCs, FFP, and PC), volumes of cumulative drainage within 24 and 48 h, and total volumes after infusion of FC, as well as reoperation rates due to bleeding. The secondary endpoint for the study was the incidence of serious adverse events from the infusion of FC to day 45. The serious adverse events defined for the evaluation of the safety of FC were death, pulmonary embolism and other thromboembolic or ischaemic events. The clinical data, routine laboratory tests and plasma fibrinogen levels were obtained at 5 time points. Results We observed rapid increases in the plasma fibrinogen level and subsequent improvement in haemostasis after the administration of fibrinogen concentrate. The mean fibrinogen level increased from 1.36 ± 0.75 g/L to 2.91 ± 0.76 g/L in the fibrinogen concentrate treatment group. The patients in the fibrinogen concentrate treatment group demonstrated lower volumes of cumulative postoperative drainage and transfused allogeneic blood products than the nonfibrinogen concentrate treatment group. There were no serious adverse events in the fibrinogen concentrate treatment group during hospitalization. Conclusion Fibrinogen concentrate was effective at increasing the plasma fibrinogen level and significantly reduced the volumes of transfused allogeneic blood products and blood loss in patients with aortic arch surgery. There were no serious adverse events in the patients who received fibrinogen concentrate treatment. Perspective state: The safety and efficacy of fibrinogen concentrate were investigated in acute type A aortic dissection patients with aortic arch surgery. Fibrinogen concentrate was effective at increasing the plasma fibrinogen level and significantly reduced the volumes of transfused allogeneic blood products and blood loss; there were no serious adverse events in the patients who received fibrinogen concentrate treatment.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
       
  • Evaluation of the use of direct oral anticoagulants for the management of
           heparin-induced thrombocytopenia

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      Abstract: Abstract Historically, treatment of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) includes a non-heparin parenteral anticoagulant with bridging to warfarin once platelets recover. Data supporting the use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for HIT treatment are limited. Given the paucity of evidence for the use of DOACs in HIT, the aim of this study is to describe the prescribing patterns of DOACs for HIT at our institution. This is a single center, retrospective chart evaluation of patients admitted from January 2017 to October 2020 with a confirmed diagnosis of HIT. Twenty-six patients were identified; 21 patients (81%) received initial parenteral treatment and 5 patients (19.2%) with initial DOAC treatment. The most frequently used DOAC was apixaban at the VTE treatment dose [15 (57.7%)] followed by the reduced dose of apixaban [5 (19.2%)]. Of the patients initially treated with a parenteral agent, 11 (42.3%) were transitioned to a DOAC after platelet recovery, 7 (26.9%) transitioned as platelets were steadily increasing, and 3 (11.5%) transitioned at the time of discharge (prior to platelet recovery). Platelet recovery was achieved in 23 patients (88.5%) at a median of 5 days (IQR 2.8–8.3) after HIT diagnosis. No new thrombotic or bleeding events occurred within 30 days of HIT diagnosis. In our patients treated with a DOAC for HIT, no progression of HIT was observed. Apixaban was the most frequently utilized DOAC. Most patients received a parenteral anticoagulant prior to DOAC initiation. All patients managed with a DOAC as initial treatment achieved platelet recovery within 30 days of HIT diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2022-09-21
       
  • Lipoprotein(a) levels and risk of adverse events after myocardial
           infarction in patients with and without diabetes

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      Abstract: Abstract Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels with long-term outcome in patients with recent history of myocardial infarction (MI), and to investigate if diabetes may influence this association. Methods: Consecutive MI patients who underwent urgent/emergent coronary angiography from February 2013 to June 2019 were prospectively collected. The primary outcome was the composite of MI recurrence and all-cause death. The propensity score weighting technique was used to account for covariates potentially influencing the relationship between Lp(a) levels and the study outcomes. Results: The study population consisted of 1018 post-MI patients (median age 63 years). Diabetes was reported in 280 patients (27.5%), who showed lower Lp(a) levels than patients without diabetes (p = 0.026). At a median follow-up of 1121 days, the primary outcome was reported in 182 patients (17.9%). At univariable Cox regression analysis, Lp(a) was associated with the risk of the primary outcome in the overall population and in non-diabetic patients, but not in diabetics. The adjusted Cox regression analysis confirmed the independent association between Lp(a) values and the primary outcome in non-diabetic patients, but not in diabetics. Lp(a) levels > 70 mg/dL were independently associated with the risk of the primary outcome in non-diabetic patients (adjusted HR: 2.839; 95% CI, 1.382–5.832), but not in diabetics. Conclusions: In this real-world post-MI population, increasing Lp(a) levels were significantly associated with the risk of recurrent MI and all-cause death, and very high Lp(a) serum concentration independently predicted long-term outcome in non-diabetic patients, but not in diabetics.
      PubDate: 2022-09-20
       
  • Direct oral anticoagulants for the treatment of atrial fibrillation in
           patients with hematologic malignancies

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      Abstract: Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in patients with cancer due to both the proinflammatory effect of neoplastic cells and to cardiotoxicity of anti-tumor therapies. Anticoagulation is still challenging in cancer patients due to increased bleeding risk related to specific neoplasms such us hematologic malignancies. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in AF patients affected by hematologic neoplasms. We included 97 patients on active anticancer treatment. The median follow-up was 25 months (range 10–108). No thromboembolic complications occurred, while 14 bleeding events were recorded: 1 major, 12 clinical relevant non major bleeding and 1 minor bleeding. Although retrospective and with a small number of enrolled patients, our data support the efficacy and safety of DOACs in patients affected by hematologic malignancies suggesting caution to particular situations, such as thrombocytopenia.
      PubDate: 2022-09-20
       
  • Correction: Thrombotic and bleeding events, mortality, and anticoagulant
           use among 546,656 hospitalized patients with COVID‑19 in the United
           States: a retrospective cohort study

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      PubDate: 2022-09-19
       
  • SARS-CoV-2 antibody research in patients with unprovoked pulmonary
           embolism in COVID-19 pandemic period

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      Abstract: Objective Due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, a significant increase has been observed in patients diagnosed with pulmonary embolism (PE) in our clinic. In addition to COVID-19-related PE, the increase in the number of patients with unprovoked or idiopathic PE was also noteworthy. Although it is not surprising that PE due to immobilization was observed in elderly patients and patients with comorbidities at risk for PE during the pandemic, it is important to investigate the increase in the number of unprovoked PE. Thus, we aimed to show that a previous COVID-19 infection may be a risk factor in these patients by examining the presence of severe acute respiratory syndrome-causing coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies in patients diagnosed with unprovoked PE. Materials and methods The participants of the study consisted of 45 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with PE in our clinic, had no risk factors for PE, were considered unprovoked (idiopathic) PE, and had no history of COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 antibody titers were measured in the serum samples of the patients for detecting immunity as a result of encountering COVID-19. Results Of the 45 patients diagnosed with PE, 24 (53.3%) patients were diagnosed with computed tomography pulmonary angiogram (CTPA), and 21 (46.7%) patients were diagnosed with perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (Q-SPECT/CT). Immunity acquired after encountering COVID-19 was checked with the NCP kit, which revealed positive results in 9 (20%) patients. Conclusion It should be kept in mind that some of the patients diagnosed with idiopathic PE during the pandemic may have embolism due to asymptomatic COVID-19. In addition, it is now known that COVID-19 also creates a tendency toward thrombosis in asymptomatic patients.
      PubDate: 2022-09-19
       
  • Utilization of D-dimer assay, CT angiography, and the incidence of
           pulmonary embolism in the hospital district of Helsinki and Uusimaa
           (2011–2017)

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      PubDate: 2022-09-18
       
  • The pharmacokinetics of recombinant FXIII (catridecacog) from the
           MENTORTM2 trial to a real-world study: a head-to-head comparison

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      Abstract: Background FXIII deficiency is a very rare coagulation disorder that can affect equally males and females with an estimated incidence of 1 in 2 million persons worldwide. Due to this rarity, there are only few clinical and pharmacokinetic (PK) data deriving from the real-world. Aim The aim of this report is to compare head-to-head the pharmacokinetic data of catridecacog derived from the MENTORTM2 trial with our real-world (RW) study. Methods The PK-profiles of all patients with FXIII deficiency treated with catridecacog at eleven Italian Hemophilia Centers were compared with PK data obtained by Kerlin et al. in the MENTORTM2. Results Overall 18 real-world PK were compared with 23 PK derived from the pivotal study. In the RW 55.6% of patients were females, 26.2% in the MENTORTM2 (p < 0.05). The mean dosage of drug used for the PK assessment was 35 IU/kg in the MENTORTM2, and 33.9 IU/kg in the RW study.
      PubDate: 2022-09-12
       
  • Long-term outcomes in acute coronary syndrome patients without standard
           modifiable risk factors: a multi-ethnic retrospective cohort study Of 5400
           asian patients

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      Abstract: Abstract A sizeable number of patients without standard modifiable cardiovascular risk factors (SMuRFs), such as hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia and smoking, suffer from acute coronary syndrome (ACS). These SMuRF-less patients have high short-term morbidity and mortality. We compared both short- and long-term outcomes of SMuRF-less and SMuRF ACS patients in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort. This was a retrospective study of patients with first ACS from 2011 to 2017. The primary outcome was long-term all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes were 30-day all-cause mortality, cardiac-mortality, unplanned cardiac readmission, cardiogenic shock, heart failure, and stroke. Subgroup analysis was carried out by sex and ACS type. Of 5400 patients, 8.6% were SMuRF-less. The median follow-up time was 6.3 years (interquartile range [IQR] 4.2–8.2 years). SMuRF-less patients were younger and tended to present with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). They were more likely to require inotropic support, intubation, and have cardiac arrest. At 30 days, SMuRF-less patients had higher rates of all-cause mortality, cardiac-related mortality and cardiogenic shock, but lower rates of heart failure. At 6 years, all-cause mortality was similar in both groups (18.0% versus 17.1% respectively, p = 0.631). Kaplan–Meier curves showed increased early mortality in the SMuRF-less group, but the divergence in survival curves was no longer present in the long-term. The absence of SMuRF was an independent predictor of mortality, regardless of sex or ACS type. In a multi-ethnic cohort of patients with ACS, SMuRF-less patients were observed to have higher mortality than SMuRF patients during the early stages which was attenuated over time.
      PubDate: 2022-09-12
       
  • Serial assessment of thrombogenicity and hemodynamics in patients with
           type II diabetes in a clinical research unit: Evidence for circadian
           variations in clot formation

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      Abstract: Background Circadian fluctuations in thrombogenicity and hemostasis play a role in acute cardiovascular thrombotic events occurring in the early morning hours. There is a lack of data assessing thrombogenicity, platelet function, and hemodynamics to investigate diurnal variations in a high cardiovascular risk population. Methods This was an exploratory, single-center study conducted in aspirin-treated patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) (n = 37) with documented vascular disease and/or multiple cardiovascular risk factors. Hemodynamic monitoring and blood sample collection for thromboelastography (TEG) and platelet function testing were done serially at 7–9 AM (morning), 7–9 PM (evening), 11 PM-1 AM (night), and at 5–7 AM (awakening). Results R-value measured by TEG was shorter during awakening hours than during the night and day hours (p < 0.05). There were no changes in platelet reactivity in response to arachidonic acid, adenosine diphosphate, and collagen between time points. Pulse pressure (PP) was highest during awakening hours (p < 0.05). Conclusion Study findings provide a mechanistic explanation for increased thrombotic events observed in the early waking hours among diabetics with multiple cardiovascular risk factors. The role of chronotherapy in reducing coagulability and PP to improve clinical outcomes should be explored.
      PubDate: 2022-09-08
       
  • Trends in management and outcomes of pulmonary embolism with a
           multidisciplinary response team

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      Abstract: Abstract Multidisciplinary pulmonary embolism (PE) response teams have garnered widespread adoption given the complexities of managing acute PE and provide a platform for assessment of trends in therapy and outcomes. We describe temporal trends in PE management and outcomes following the deployment of such a team. All consecutive patients managed by our multidisciplinary PE response team activated by the Emergency Department were included over a 5-year calendar period. We examined temporal trends in management and rates of a composite primary endpoint (all-cause-death, major bleeding, recurrent venous thromboembolism, and readmission) at 30 days and 6 months. We assessed 425 patients between 2015 and 2019. We observed an increase in PE acuity and use of systemic thrombolysis. The primary endpoint at 30 days decreased from 16.3% in 2015 to 7.1% in 2019 (adjusted rate ratio per period, 0.63; 95%CI, 0.47–0.84), driven by a decrease in the adjusted rate of major bleeding. Among 406 patients with complete follow-up, the adjusted rate ratio per year for the primary outcome at 6 months was 0.37 (95%CI, 0.19–0.71), driven by a decrease in all-cause mortality. We observed evidence of temporal changes in clinical presentation, therapeutic strategies, and outcomes for acute PE, in parallel to, but not necessarily because of, the implementation of a multidisciplinary response team. Over time, major bleeding, mortality and readmission rates decreased, despite an increase in PE risk category.
      PubDate: 2022-09-03
       
  • Impact of diabetes mellitus on the pharmacodynamic effects of prasugrel
           and ticagrelor after switching from clopidogrel in patients with coronary
           artery disease

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      Abstract: Abstract Switching P2Y12 inhibitors is common in clinical practice. However, data on the pharmacodynamic (PD) effects of switching in clinical settings characterized by high platelet reactivity, such as diabetes mellitus (DM), are limited. This is a post-hoc analysis from a prospective, randomized, open-label study conducted in coronary artery disease patients comparing the PD effects of loading dose (LD) and maintenance dose regimens of prasugrel vs ticagrelor according to DM status. A total of 110 patients were enrolled: 42 (38%) with DM and 68 (62%) without DM. All patients were on maintenance dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel. PD assessments were performed using whole blood vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP), with results quantified by the platelet reactivity index (PRI), VerifyNow P2Y12 (VN-P2Y12) with results reported as P2Y12 reaction units (PRU), and light transmittance aggregometry (LTA) following 20 and 5 µM adenosine diphosphate stimuli with results reported as maximum platelet aggregation (MPA). PD assessments were performed at baseline (while on clopidogrel), 30 min after LD, 2 h after LD, and 1 week after LD. Overall, platelet reactivity was higher in DM than in non-DM patients while on clopidogrel therapy. After switching to either prasugrel or ticagrelor, platelet reactivity dropped but remained significantly higher among patients with DM at 30 min with all tests (VN-PRU p < 0.01, MPA 20 µM p < 0.01, VASP-PRI p = 0.02) and at 2 h with VN-PRU (p < 0.01) and LTA-MPA 20 µM (p < 0.01) but not with VASP-PRI (p = 0.19). There were no significant differences between prasugrel and ticagrelor both among patients with or without DM, except for lower LTA-MPA 20 at 30 min (p < 0.01) among non-DM patients treated with prasugrel. Patients with DM treated with clopidogrel have higher platelet reactivity compared to patients without DM. Although platelet reactivity markedly reduces to a similar extent after switching to prasugrel or ticagrelor, patients with DM persist with increased platelet reactivity compared to patients without DM. Study registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01852175
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of a novel
           phospholipid-aspirin complex liquid formulation and low dose
           enteric-coated aspirin: results from a prospective, randomized, crossover
           study

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      Abstract: Abstract Low dose enteric-coated aspirin (EC-ASA) is routinely used for secondary cardiovascular event prevention. However, absorption of EC tablets is poor, which can result in subtherapeutic antiplatelet effects. Phospholipid-aspirin liquid filled capsules (PL-ASA) are a novel FDA-approved immediate-release formulation designed to reduce gastrointestinal (GI) injury by limiting direct contact with the stomach lining. We compared the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) profiles of PL-ASA versus EC-ASA at a low dose. This randomized, open-label, crossover study assessed PK and PD following a single 81-mg dose of PL-ASA versus EC-ASA under fasting conditions in 36 volunteers without cardiovascular disease between 18 and 75 years of age. Volunteers were randomly assigned 1:1 to either PL-ASA then EC-ASA or vice versa with a minimum 14-day washout. Assessments included PK parameters for acetylsalicylic acid and salicylic acid, platelet aggregation in response to arachidonic acid (AA), and serum thromboxane B2 (TxB2) assessments over 24 h. PL-ASA was rapidly absorbed. PL-ASA reached Tmax 3 h earlier (1.01 vs. 4.00 h, p < 0.0001), with almost double the Cmax (720 vs. 368 ng/mL, p < 0.0001) and overall 44% higher exposure of acetylsalicylic acid (AUC0-t: 601 vs. 416 h*ng/mL, p = 0.0013) compared with EC-ASA. Within 1 h of dosing, PL-ASA achieved significantly lower residual platelet aggregation, which persisted for the full 24 h (median AA-LTA was 47% with PL-ASA vs. 80.5% with EC-ASA; p = 0.0022 at hour-24). Treatment with PL-ASA also resulted in significantly lower serum TxB2 concentrations at each time point compared with EC-ASA (all p-values < 0.05). PL-ASA resulted in faster and more complete aspirin absorption paralleled by more prompt and potent platelet inhibition compared with EC-ASA after a single 81 mg dose. PL-ASA represents an attractive novel aspirin formulation for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular events. Clinical Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04811625.
      PubDate: 2022-08-29
       
  • MicroRNA-342-3p loaded by human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem
           cells-derived exosomes attenuates deep vein thrombosis by downregulating
           EDNRA

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      Abstract: Abstract Exosomes (exos) exert biological functions to maintain the dynamic balance of cells and tissues by transferring biological cargo to recipient cells. Thus, this study explored human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs)-derived exo transfer of microRNA (miR)-342-3p in deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT rat models were established via inferior vena cava (IVC) ligation. HucMSCs-exos were extracted and injected into rats with DVT to observe whether they could influences thrombus formation in vivo. HucMSCs-exos were co-cultured with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro to observe angiogenesis. miR-342-3p and endothelin A receptor (EDNRA) expression in rats with DVT, as well as their interaction was analyzed. miR-342-3p was downregulated and EDNRA was upregulated in rats with DVT. HucMSCs-exos inhibited the formation of thrombus in rats with DVT, as well as promoted angiogenesis of HUVECs. Upregulated miR-342-3p delivery by hucMSCs-exos alleviated DVT in rats and improved angiogenesis of HUVECs. miR-342-3p targeted EDNRA, and the effect of hucMSCs-exos transfer of upregulated miR-342-3p was rescued by overexpressing EDNRA. Briefly, miR-342-3p loaded by hucMSCs-exos attenuates DVT by downregulating EDNRA, offering a novel direction to treat DVT.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
       
  • Thromboembolism after treatment with 4-factor prothrombin complex
           concentrate or plasma for warfarin-related bleeding

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      Abstract: Abstract Limited data exist in large, representative populations about whether the risk of thromboembolic events varies after receiving four-factor human prothrombin complex concentrate (4F-PCC) versus treatment with human plasma for urgent reversal of oral vitamin K antagonist therapy. We conducted a multicenter observational study to compare the 45-day risk of thromboembolic events in adults with warfarin-associated major bleeding after treatment with 4F-PCC (Kcentra®) or plasma. Hospitalized patients in two large integrated healthcare delivery systems who received 4F-PCC or plasma for reversal of warfarin due to major bleeding from January 1, 2008 to March 31, 2020 were identified and were matched 1:1 on potential confounders and a high-dimensional propensity score. Arterial and venous thromboembolic events were identified up to 45 days after receiving 4F-PCC or plasma from electronic health records and adjudicated by physician review. Among 1119 patients receiving 4F-PCC and a matched historical cohort of 1119 patients receiving plasma without a recent history of thromboembolism, mean (SD) age was 76.7 (10.5) years, 45.6% were women, and 9.4% Black, 14.6% Asian/Pacific Islander, and 15.7% Hispanic. The 45-day risk of thromboembolic events was 3.4% in those receiving 4F-PCC and 4.1% in those receiving plasma (P = 0.26; adjusted hazard ratio 0.76; 95% confidence interval 0.49–1.16). The adjusted risk of all-cause death at 45 days post-treatment was lower in those receiving 4F-PCC compared with plasma. Among a large, ethnically diverse cohort of adults treated for reversal of warfarin-associated bleeding, receipt of 4F-PCC was not associated with an excess risk of thromboembolic events at 45 days compared with plasma therapy.
      PubDate: 2022-08-19
       
  • Favourable collaterals according to the Careggi Collateral Score grading
           system in patients treated with thrombectomy for stroke with middle
           cerebral artery occlusion

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      Abstract: Abstract The ability of the current grading systems to predict optimal outcomes in stroke patients with favourable collaterals remains unexplored. We evaluated differences in the performance of grading systems between Careggi Collateral Score and ASITN/SIR collateral score to predict clinical and radiological outcomes in stroke patients with favourable collaterals who underwent thrombectomy. We included stroke patients receiving thrombectomy within 360 min after symptom onset with MCA occlusion and favourable collaterals (i.e., without poor collaterals) defined by ASITN/SIR collateral score between 2 and 4. Using ordinal regression, we estimated the association of each CCS and ASITN/SIR grade with mRS shift (0–6) at 3 months, NIHSS score (0–42) and ASPECT score (10–0) at baseline, TICI score (3–0), infarct growth, cerebral bleeding, and cerebral edema grading at 24 h by calculating the odds ratios (ORs) with two-sided 95% confidence intervals after adjustment for predefined variables. Using the best collateral grade (CCS = 4) as reference, ORs of the CCS grades were associated in the direction of unfavourable outcome on 3-month mRS shift (2.325 for CCS = 3; 5.092 for CCS = 2), in the direction of more severe baseline NIHSS score (5.434 for CCS = 3; 16.041 for CCS = 2), 24-h infarct growth (2.659 for CCS = 3; 8.288 for CCS = 4) and 24-h cerebral edema (1.057 for CCS = 3; 5.374 for CCS = 2) shift. ORs of the ASITN/SIR grades were associated in the direction of more severe baseline NIHSS score (4.332 for ASITN/SIR = 3; 16.960 for ASITN/SIR = 2) and 24-h infarct growth (2.138 for ASITN/SIR = 3; 7.490 for ASITN/SIR = 2) shift. The AUC ROC of CCS and ASITN/SIR for predicting 3-month mRS score 0–1 were 0.681 (95% CI: 0.562–0.799; p = 0.009) and 0.599 (95% CI: 0.466–0.73; p = 0.156), respectively. CCS = 4 and ASITN/SIR ≥ 3 were the optimal cut-offs to predict 3-month mRS score 0–1, respectively. CCS grading system performed better than the ASITN/SIR collateral score predicting 3-month mRS score and 24-h CED grading in stroke patients with favourable collaterals who received thrombectomy for MCA occlusion.
      PubDate: 2022-08-18
       
  • Development and validation of a prediction model of catheter-related
           thrombosis in patients with cancer undergoing chemotherapy based on
           ultrasonography results and clinical information

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      Abstract: Abstract Central venous catheters can be used conveniently to deliver medications and improve comfort in patients with cancer. However, they can cause major complications. The current study aimed to develop and validate an individualized nomogram for early prediction of the risk of catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) in patients with cancer receiving chemotherapy. In total, 647 patients were included in the analysis. They were randomly assigned to the training (n = 431) and validation (n = 216) cohorts. A nomogram for predicting the risk of CRT in the training cohort was developed based on logistic regression analysis results. The accuracy and discriminatory ability of the model were determined using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) values and calibration plots. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that body mass index, risk of cancer-related thrombosis, d-dimer level, and blood flow velocity were independent risk factors of CRT. The calibration plot showed an acceptable agreement between the predicted and actual probabilities of CRT. The AUROC values of the nomogram were 0.757 (95% confidence interval: 0.717–0.809) and 0.761 (95% confidence interval: 0.701–0.821) for the training and validation cohorts, respectively. Our model presents a novel, user-friendly tool for predicting the risk of CRT in patients with cancer receiving chemotherapy. Moreover, it can contribute to clinical decision-making.
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
       
  • Forensic autopsy-confirmed thrombosis-related deaths: the danger in the
           bones

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      Abstract: Abstract Thrombosis is a potentially life-threatening condition related to roughly a quarter of all deaths globally. Many of these deaths occur inside healthcare facilities due to possibly preventable causes. Therefore, understanding the etiological factors involved in excessive thrombosis may significantly contribute to the successful identification, management and education of people who have an increased risk of thrombosis. We performed a retrospective file-audit of all forensic autopsy reports conducted at the Free State Forensic Pathology Mortuary in Bloemfontein, South Africa, over 10 years. We collected the age at death, gender and ethnicity of each person included in the study. The presence and location of the thrombosis and any underlying disorder or disease were noted. The overall prevalence of thrombosis for the total study population was 0.97%. Pulmonary embolisms (PE's) were much more common than coronary thromboses. Most PE's had known contributory risk factors, where coronary thrombosis-related deaths occurred suddenly without known risk factors. Bone fractures were the most prominent risk factor associated with PE’s. Females of African descent had a consistently high prevalence of thrombosis after the age of 30 years. Males of European descent showed an unexpected peak in prevalence during the 4th decade. Since most deaths occurred in patients with conditions known to contribute to venous thrombosis, we conclude that intensified public awareness efforts are required in our region to assist the general public in identifying risk factors for thrombosis, thereby decreasing the burden this potentially preventable disorder places on society.
      PubDate: 2022-08-13
       
  • Efficacy and safety of pre-operative insertion of inferior vena cava
           filter in patients undergoing bariatric surgery: a systematic review

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      Abstract: Abstract Prophylactic placement of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters prior to performing bariatric surgery is an intervention of unclear safety and efficacy with disagreement between current practice guidelines. To better characterize the risk and benefit of IVC filter insertion prior to bariatric surgery based on the current evidence. A systematic review of the literature of patients with prophylactic IVC filter insertion prior to bariatric surgery was performed and 32 studies were identified for inclusion into the review, of which none were randomized controlled trials. Meta-analysis was performed including the high-quality included studies. Seven high quality studies reported thrombotic events in patients undergoing bariatric surgery who had an IVCF and a control group which allowed for meta-analysis. The pooled odds ratio of venous thrombotic events in the IVC filter population versus the group without IVC filters was 1.57 (95%CI 0.89, 2.76). Among high quality studies 5 reported major bleeding with a rate of 0.76% and 6 reported on IVC filter complications with a rate of 0.67%. Overall no significant reduction in the rate of venous thrombosis was found with prophylactic IVC filter insertion. Use of IVC filters for prophylaxis remains a concern given the lack of clear efficacy in this setting and a small but present complication risk.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
       
  • Correction to: Efficacy of interatrial shunt devices: an opening window to
           acute pulmonary hypertensive crisis and chronic pulmonary arterial
           hypertension

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      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
 
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