Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8196 journals)
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HEMATOLOGY (160 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 151 of 151 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Haematologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Open Access  
Adipocyte     Open Access  
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Africa Sanguine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Archives of Hematology Case Reports and Reviews     Open Access  
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Blood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 290)
Blood Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Blood and Lymphatic Cancer : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Blood Cancer Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Blood Pressure     Open Access  
Blood Pressure Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Blood Purification     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Blood Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
BMC Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone Marrow Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
British Journal of Diabetes & Vascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
British Journal of Primary Care Nursing - Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes and Kidney Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Clinical Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Lymphoma & Myeloma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Blood Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conquest : The Official Journal of Diabetes Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Current Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Current Diabetes Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cytotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Der Diabetologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 404)
Diabetes aktuell     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Diabetes Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 462)
Diabetes Case Reports     Open Access  
Diabetes Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Diabetes Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Diabetes Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Diabetes Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Diabetic Foot & Ankle     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diabetic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144)
Diabetologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201)
Diabetologia Kliniczna     Hybrid Journal  
Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Haematology     Open Access  
eJHaem     Open Access  
European Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Experimental Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Experimental Hematology & Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Fluids and Barriers of the CNS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Haematologica - the Hematology journal     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Haemophilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Hematologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hematología     Open Access  
Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Hematology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hemodialysis International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hepatitis Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Immunohematology : Journal of Blood Group Serology and Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Info Diabetologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
InFo Hämatologie + Onkologie : Interdisziplinäre Fortbildung von Ärzten für Ärzte     Full-text available via subscription  
Integrated Blood Pressure Control     Open Access  
International Blood Research & Reviews     Open Access  
International Journal of Clinical Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hematologic Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Hematology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Iraqi Journal of Hematology     Open Access  
JMIR Diabetes     Open Access  
Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Blood Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Diabetes Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Hematological Malignancies     Open Access  
Journal of Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hematopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hypo & Hyperglycemia     Partially Free  
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Health and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Kidney and Blood Pressure Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Leukemia and Lymphoma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Leukemia Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Leukemia Research Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leukemia Supplements     Full-text available via subscription  
Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access  
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Diabetologie     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Oncohematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Diabetes Journal     Open Access  
Open Hematology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Hypertension Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Blood Diseases     Open Access  
Pediatric Blood & Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Peritoneal Dialysis International     Hybrid Journal  
Platelets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Practical Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Primary Care Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Oncology and Hematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia     Open Access  
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Thalassemia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Haematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Therapeutic Advances in Hematology     Hybrid Journal  
Thrombosis & Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 140)
Thrombosis Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Transfusionsmedizin - Immunhämatologie, Hämotherapie, Immungenetik, Zelltherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Transplantation and Cellular Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veins and Lymphatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Hematology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.76
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1865-3774 - ISSN (Online) 0925-5710
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Bosutinib in Japanese patients with newly diagnosed chronic-phase chronic
           myeloid leukemia: final 3-year follow-up results of a phase 2 study

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      Abstract: Abstract Bosutinib has been evaluated for treatment of chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CP-CML) in several clinical studies, including in Japan. This open-label, single-arm, phase 2 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of bosutinib at a starting dose of 400 mg once daily in Japanese patients (n = 60) with newly diagnosed CP-CML. The minimum follow-up period was 3 years and median duration of treatment was 35.9 months. At study completion, 60% of patients were still on treatment. Cumulative rates of major molecular response (MMR), molecular response4 (MR4), and MR4.5 at any time were 70.0%, 53.3%, and 48.3%, respectively. No patient who achieved MMR or MR4 had a confirmed loss of response. No patient experienced on-treatment transformation to accelerated/blast phase or died within 28 days of the last bosutinib dose. Any-grade treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) occurred in 100% (grade ≥ 3: 81.7%) of patients. The most common TEAEs were diarrhea (86.7%), increased alanine aminotransferase (55.0%), and increased aspartate aminotransferase (46.7%). No new safety signals emerged during the follow-up period. Bosutinib continues to demonstrate a favorable benefit/risk profile and is an important treatment option for Japanese patients with newly diagnosed CP-CML. Optimal management of TEAEs during initial treatment with bosutinib should be prioritized. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03128411.
      PubDate: 2022-08-13
       
  • Clinical diagnostic accuracy of respiratory failure in critically ill
           hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients

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      Abstract: Rationale Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a frequent complication following hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We aimed to characterize the etiologies of ARF in patients who died in the intensive care unit following HCT based on autopsy findings. We then evaluated agreement between the clinical and pathologic diagnosis. Methods We performed a chart review of all HCT patients who died and underwent autopsy in our ICU between 2006–2016. We evaluated the presumed clinical diagnosis and confidence in the diagnosis by chart review, the pathologic diagnosis on autopsy, and whether the clinical-pathologic diagnoses were concordant. When there was discordance, we evaluated whether knowledge of the pathology could have changed management. Results Thirteen patients underwent autopsy after dying. Infection was the presumed cause in 11/13 cases. The clinical and pathologic diagnoses were concordant in 6/13(46%). In the seven discordant cases (all clinically diagnosed as infection), autopsy revealed two non-infectious inflammatory causes, one post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder, and three non-bacterial infectious etiology. Pathologic findings may have changed management in 7/13(54%) cases. Conclusions In a subset of HCT-recipients who died from respiratory failure, discordance was frequent between clinical and pathologic diagnoses. The risks and benefits of obtaining tissue to improve our diagnostic accuracy requires further evaluation.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
       
  • Extracellular vesicle-mediated immunoregulation in cancer

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      Abstract: Abstract Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as immunomodulatory regulators during tumor progression. These small vesicles encapsulate a variety of molecules, including DNA, RNA, and proteins. When EVs come in contact with recipient cells, the EVs transmit various physiological characteristics; for example, proteins on the surface of EVs act as ligands. Immune checkpoint blockade targeting cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4), programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) has shown promise in a subset of cancer patients. PD-L1 on EVs acts as a key immunomodulator. Suppression of EV secretion enhances the efficacy of immunotherapy using immune checkpoint blockade antibodies. In addition to immune checkpoint blockade therapy, chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell therapy has also been used to successfully eliminate cancer cells. Interestingly, CAR-T-cell-derived EVs express CAR on their surface. Compared with CAR-T cells, CAR-expressing EVs do not express PD1, so their antitumor effect cannot be weakened. In this review, we describe the current understanding of EVs in cancer immunity and summarize their crucial roles in immunomodulation.
      PubDate: 2022-08-11
       
  • Anakinra for the treatment of adult secondary HLH: a retrospective
           experience

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      Abstract: Abstract Anti-cytokine therapies have been gaining attention as a means of improving outcomes in adult secondary HLH (asHLH), which currently has poor outcomes when treated with standard etoposide-based therapies. Anakinra is an interleukin-1 antagonist that is increasingly being used in the management of asHLH. Here is described a multi-hospital series of 16 adult patients with secondary HLH treated with anakinra. Provoking factors of secondary HLH included hematologic malignancy (n = 7, 44%), bacterial infection (n = 7, 44%), viral infection (n = 5, 31%), rheumatologic disorder (n = 4, 25%), and unknown (n = 1, 6%). Five patients remained alive at time of last follow-up (OS = 31%). Median OS was 1.7 months from initiation of anakinra (range 0.2–59). OS among patients with rheumatologic causes of secondary HLH was 75%, whereas only 17% of patients with other provoking factors survived (p = 0.0293). Anakinra was well tolerated, with only 1 patient experiencing associated toxicity (grade 3 liver injury). Anakinra may be useful in the management of asHLH provoked by rheumatologic conditions, although its benefit in asHLH provoked by other factors may be limited.
      PubDate: 2022-08-10
       
  • Sorafenib maintenance after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
           improves outcome of FLT3–ITD-mutated acute myeloid leukemia

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      Abstract: Abstract In a retrospective analysis, 21 acute myeloid leukemia patients receiving single-agent sorafenib maintenance therapy in complete remission (CR) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) were compared with a control group of 22 patients without maintenance. Sorafenib was initiated a median of 3 months (IQR: 2.3–3.5) after allogeneic HSCT with a median daily dosage of 400 mg (range: 200–800) orally, and lasted a median of 11.3 months (IQR: 3.3–24.4). No significant increase in graft versus host disease or toxicity was observed. Adverse events were reversible with dose adjustment or temporary discontinuation in 19/19 cases. With a median follow-up of 34.7 months (IQR: 16.9–79.5), sorafenib maintenance significantly improved cumulative incidence of relapse (p = 0.028) as well as overall survival (OS) (p = 0.016), especially in patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT in CR1 (p < 0.001). In conclusion, sorafenib maintenance after allogeneic HSCT is safe and may improve cumulative incidence of relapse and OS in FLT3–ITD-mutated AML.
      PubDate: 2022-08-09
       
  • Rapid decrease in eGFR with concomitant use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors
           and renin–aldosterone–angiotensin system inhibitors in patients with
           chronic myelogenous leukemia

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      Abstract: Abstract Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have revolutionized the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, TKI-related chronic renal toxicity has been reported, particularly in patients with hypertension. We assessed whether incidental use of specific types of antihypertensive drugs, including renin–aldosterone–angiotensin system inhibitors (RAASis), affects the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) during TKI treatment. We retrospectively analyzed all eGFR measurements during TKI treatment for 142 CML patients at Kyushu University Hospital, estimating the rate of eGFR change using a mixed-effects model. Overall, a significant interaction was found between the type of antihypertensive medication used and the yearly change in eGFR (P < 0.01), with RAASi users exhibiting the most rapid decrease in eGFR (− 5.5%/year). The analysis by TKI used showed that the interaction was significant only in imatinib and bosutinib users (P < 0.01 and P = 0.04, respectively). The yearly rate of eGFR decrease was the most notable in RAASi users, at − 5.7 (− 6.6, − 4.9) and − 10.1 (− 12.3, − 7.9) for imatinib and bosutinib users, respectively. Our findings indicate that eGFR should be carefully monitored in patients taking these TKIs.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
  • Clinical and microbiological characteristics of bacterial meningitis in
           umbilical cord blood transplantation recipients

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      Abstract: Abstract Bacterial meningitis is a rare but severe infectious complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, its clinical features were previously not clear. We reviewed the cases of 7 patients diagnosed with bacterial meningitis with a positive cerebrospinal fluid culture among 1147 patients who underwent cord blood transplantation (CBT) at our institution between September 2007 and September 2020. The diagnosis was made on day + 5– + 45, and 5 patients developed bacterial meningitis before neutrophil engraftment. The causative organisms were all Gram-positive cocci: Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus gallinarum (2 patients each), and Staphylococcus haemolyticus, Streptococcus mitis/oralis, and Rothia mucilaginosa (1 patient each). Six patients developed bacterial meningitis secondary to prior or concomitant bacteremia caused by the same bacterium. Five patients had received anti-MRSA agents at onset: vancomycin in 3, teicoplanin in 1, and daptomycin in 1. After diagnosis of bacterial meningitis, linezolid was eventually used for 6 patients. Two patients with E. gallinarum were alive at day + 1380 and + 157 after CBT, respectively, whereas 5 patients died 17–53 (median 43) days after the onset of bacterial meningitis. Breakthrough meningitis in CBT can occur even during the use of anti-MRSA drugs, and intensive antibiotic treatment is necessary.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
  • Asciminib as a third line option in chronic myeloid leukemia

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      Abstract: Abstract Unmet needs remain in the treatment of chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in later lines. Sequential use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is associated with decreased overall survival and emergence of new mutations, particularly the T315I mutation. Among the new drugs developed to overcome resistance and intolerance, the STAMP inhibitor asciminib (which specifically targets the ABL myristoyl pocket) is the first example of a drug that works by allosteric inhibition. This review focuses on its mechanism of action, pharmacokinetic, efficacy, and toxicity, as well as how this drug will change the therapeutic approach for CML patients not eligible to receive other available drugs.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
       
  • Systematic overview of HLA-matched allogeneic hematopoietic cell
           transplantation with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide

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      Abstract: Abstract The successful application of post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in HLA-haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) led to the expansion of its application to HLA-matched related and unrelated allo-HCT. Notably, single-agent PTCy was found to be feasible for GVHD prevention in HLA-matched bone marrow transplantation. Single-agent PTCy prophylaxis was later attempted to control GVHD in HLA-matched peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT), but this approach was inadequate to alleviate GVHD as evidenced by the high incidence of severe GVHD and/or non-relapse mortality. Therefore, various combinations of immunosuppressants with PTCy have been explored to identify the optimal drug combination that would efficiently prevent GVHD in HLA-matched PBSCT. A recent murine study helped clarify the putative mechanism underlying the activity of PTCy, demonstrating that PTCy impairs the proliferation and function of alloreactive T cells from the donor, but does not eliminate alloreactive T cells altogether. In addition, imbalanced reconstitution of NK cell as well as T cells has been observed in HLA-haploidentical allo-HCT. Therefore, it remains unclear whether or not PTCy-containing GVHD prophylaxis should replace the classical GVHD prophylaxis regimen in the HLA-matched setting, and convincing evidence supporting the benefits of PTCy is needed.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
       
  • Multifocal osteonecrosis after stem cell transplantation

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      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Lymphomatoid papulosis during immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment

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      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • A case of a young boy with hyper-fibrinolysis associated with natural
           fibrin precipitates suspected to have occurred through a novel coagulation
           and fibrinolysis mechanism

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      Abstract: Abstract An 8-year-old Japanese boy with no underlying disease presented with severe intramuscular hematoma of the hip, and was admitted for a disseminated intravascular coagulation-like state with fibrinolytic dominance. Laboratory examinations revealed severe hyper-fibrinolysis with elevated markers, markedly shortened euglobulin clot lysis time, mildly decreased prothrombin, and severely decreased fibrinogen and factor XIII. Natural fibrin precipitates rapidly appeared in citrate-treated, ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic-treated, and heparin-treated samples, but not in argatroban-treated samples, indicating that the mechanism of thrombin and fibrin formation was Ca2+-independent. The precipitates were physically similar to thrombin-triggered plasma fibrin. A global coagulation assay revealed that thrombin generation potentials were normal throughout the clinical course, whereas plasmin generation was already detected before initiation of fibrin formation in the acute phase. This phenomenon disappeared with time. Changes in coagulation abnormalities and nature of fibrinolysis paralleled those seen in specific markers for streptococcal infections. Streptokinase was possibly involved in this disease, as SDS–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed that plasmin derived from streptokinase-plasminogen complex proteolyzed the prothrombin to approximately 35-kDa α-thrombin consisting of the A–B single chain, which was identified by NH2-terminal sequence analysis. The involvement of streptokinase–plasminogen–prothrombin caused by streptococcal infection may be one mechanism that produces marked hyper-fibrinolysis associated with natural fibrin precipitates.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Induction of enucleation in primary and immortalized erythroid cells

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      Abstract: Abstract Enucleation is a crucial event during the erythropoiesis, implicating drastic morphologic and transcriptomic/proteomic changes. While many genes deletion lead to failed or impaired enucleation have been identified, directly triggering the erythroid maturation, particularly enucleation, is still challenging. Inducing enucleation at the desired timing is necessary to develop efficient methods to generate mature, fully functional red blood cells in vitro for future transfusion therapies. However, there are considerable differences between primary erythroid cells and cultured cell sources, particularly pluripotent stem cell-derived erythroid cells and immortalized erythroid cell lines. For instance, the difference in the proliferative status between those cell types could be a critical factor, as cell cycle exit is closely connected to the terminal maturation of primary. In this review, we will discuss previous findings on the enucleation machinery and current challengings to trigger the enucleation of infinite erythroid cell sources.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Risk factors for unplanned removal of central venous catheters in
           hospitalized children with hematological and oncological disorders

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      Abstract: Abstract Central venous catheters (CVCs) are essential devices in the treatment of pediatric patients with hematological and oncological disorders; however, the most suitable type of CVC for these patients remains unclear. We retrospectively compared risk factors for unplanned removal of two commonly used CVCs, peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) and tunneled CVCs, to propose which is the better device. We followed 89 patients fitted with a tunneled CVC (total 21,395 catheter-days) and 84 fitted with a PICC (total 9177 catheter-days) between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2015, until catheter removal. Patients with a PICC had a significantly higher 3-month cumulative incidence of catheter occlusion (5.2% vs. 0%, p = 4.08 × 10−3) and total unplanned removals (29.0% vs. 6.9%, p = 0.0316) than those with tunneled CVCs. However, the cumulative incidence of central line-associated bloodstream infection did not differ significantly by CVC type. Multivariable analysis identified younger age (< 2 years) [sub-distribution hazard ratio (SHR) 2.29; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.27–4.14] and PICC (SHR 2.73; 95% CI 1.48–5.02) as independent risk factors for unplanned removal. Thus, our results suggest that tunneled CVCs are preferable in pediatric patients with hematological and oncological disorders requiring long-term, intensive treatment.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Efficacy and safety of ropeginterferon alfa-2b in Japanese patients with
           polycythemia vera: an open-label, single-arm, phase 2 study

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      Abstract: Abstract Ropeginterferon alfa-2b is a novel, site-selective, monopegylated recombinant human interferon alfa-2b. Safety and efficacy of ropeginterferon alfa-2b for the treatment of polycythemia vera were demonstrated in clinical studies conducted in European countries, but clinical studies in Japanese patients are lacking. This phase 2, open-label, multicenter, single-arm study investigated the safety and efficacy of ropeginterferon alfa-2b in 29 Japanese patients with polycythemia vera including young patients and patients with low thrombosis risk who are difficult to receive guideline-based standard treatments. The primary outcome of durable complete hematologic response without phlebotomy at months 9 and 12 was achieved by 8/29 (27.6%) patients. The fastest complete hematologic response was observed at week 12. A corresponding reduction in the JAK2 V617F allele burden from baseline to 52 weeks was also observed (mean ± standard deviation =  − 19.2% ± 22.6%). No new safety concerns were identified in Japanese patients when compared with previous studies of ropeginterferon alfa-2b in European populations; the most common treatment-related adverse events were alopecia (55.2%), fatigue (27.6%) and influenza-like illness (27.6%). Most treatment-related adverse events were mild or moderate, with none of grade ≥ 3. Ropeginterferon alfa-2b is a safe and efficacious treatment option in Japanese patients with polycythemia vera.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • The mutual crosstalk between iron and erythropoiesis

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      Abstract: Abstract Iron homeostasis and erythropoiesis are strongly interconnected. On one side iron is essential to terminal erythropoiesis for hemoglobin production, on the other erythropoiesis may increase iron absorption through the production of erythroferrone, the erythroid hormone that suppresses hepcidin expression Also erythropoietin production is modulated by iron through the iron regulatory proteins-iron responsive elements that control the hypoxia inducible factor 2-α. The second transferrin receptor, an iron sensor both in the liver and in erythroid cells modulates erythropoietin sensitivity and is a further link between hepcidin and erythropoiesis. When erythropoietin is decreased in iron deficiency the erythropoietin sensitivity is increased because the second transferrin receptor is removed from cell surface. A deranged balance between erythropoiesis and iron/hepcidin may lead to anemia, as in the case of iron deficiency, defective iron uptake and erythroid utilization or subnormal recycling. Defective control of hepcidin production may cause iron deficiency, as in the recessive disorder iron refractory iron deficiency anemia or in anemia of inflammation, or in iron loading anemias, which are characterized by excessive but ineffective erythropoiesis. The elucidation of the mechanisms that regulates iron homeostasis and erythropoiesis is leading to the development of drugs for the benefit of both iron and erythropoiesis disorders.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Nutritional status and quality of life in adults undergoing allogeneic
           hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

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      Abstract: Abstract Although the effects of malnutrition on morbidity and mortality in adult patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are clear, the relationship with quality of life (QOL) is less clear. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between malnutrition and QOL. A prospective observational study was conducted in 36 adult patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Adapted criteria of the Global Leadership Initiative on malnutrition have been used for the diagnosis of malnutrition in clinical settings. A cancer linear analog scale was used to assess QOL. Overall QOL at 14 days after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was 37.1 (95% CI 2.9–45.39) in patients without severe malnutrition, versus 16.0 (95% CI − 6.6 to 38.6) in patients with severe malnutrition (p = 0.05). At discharge, it was 48.0 (95% CI 38.4–57.6) versus 34.0 (95% CI 4.1–63.9) (p = 0.27). The results of our study suggest that patients with severe malnutrition at discharge tend to have worse QOL. A larger cohort of patients is required to confirm this hypothesis.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • NPM1-mutation-based measurable residual disease assessment after
           completion of two courses of post-remission therapy is a valuable clinical
           predictor of the prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia

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      Abstract: Abstract Recent studies have reported that measurable residual disease (MRD) analysis using NPM1 mutations helps determine whether allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is indicated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. However, the optimal timing and cutoff value for measuring MRD using genomic DNA remain undetermined. This study aimed to investigate the optimal timing and cutoff value to ascertain the value of NPM1 mutation in MRD assessment. NPM1-mutated MRD was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction of bone marrow samples from 56 patients with NPM1-positive AML who achieved hematological remission. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was greatest when MRD was assessed after two courses of post-remission therapy with a cutoff value of 0.010% (specificity, 68.4%; sensitivity, 87.0%). Patients whose MRD was below the cutoff value throughout the course of treatment had significantly better overall survival and relapse-free survival rates. Of the 33 patients who did not undergo transplantation during the first remission, all of the 11 who were never MRD-negative at any point experienced a relapse. Evaluating MRD with a cutoff value of 0.010% after two courses of post-remission therapy helps predict prognosis and determine the indication for allo-HSCT.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Prospective comparison of 5- and 7-day administration of azacitidine for
           myelodysplastic syndromes: a JALSG MDS212 trial

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      Abstract: Abstract The hypomethylating agent azacitidine (AZA) significantly extends overall survival (OS) in patients with higher risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), when compared with other conventional care regimens, including supportive care and low-dose and intensive chemotherapy. However, the effects of 5- and 7-day treatment schedules of AZA (AZA-5 and AZA-7, respectively) on the OS of MDS patients had not been compared prospectively. We started a phase 3 trial comparing the effects of AZA-7 and AZA-5 on MDS patients with refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) and RAEB in transformation (RAEB-T). However, this trial was prematurely terminated because of poor recruitment. Using all data, there was no significant difference in the OS of patients between AZA-7 (92 patients) and AZA-5 (95 patients), with the 2-year OS rates of AZA-7 and AZA-5 at 36.4% and 25.8%, respectively (P = 0.293). Adverse event profiles were similar between the two groups. Interestingly, data of the centrally diagnosed RAEB and RAEB-T cases showed that AZA-7 significantly prolonged the time to leukemia transformation compared with AZA-5 (P = 0.022), confirmed by multivariate analysis. Although this trial could not provide definite evidence, the results support the use of AZA-7 for RAEB and RAEB-T. (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry UMIN000009633).
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • The path from stem cells to red blood cells

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      Abstract: Abstract As oxygen is essential for energy production in mitochondria, a sufficient amount of oxygen should be continuously delivered to the tissues to maintain life. Therefore, the number of red blood cells which carry the oxygen is considerable, at up to 25 trillion in the body, and 2 million new red blood cells are generated per second.
      PubDate: 2022-07-16
       
 
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