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HEMATOLOGY (160 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 151 of 151 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Haematologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Open Access  
Adipocyte     Open Access  
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Africa Sanguine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Archives of Hematology Case Reports and Reviews     Open Access  
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Blood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 289)
Blood Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Blood and Lymphatic Cancer : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Blood Cancer Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Blood Pressure     Open Access  
Blood Pressure Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Blood Purification     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Blood Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
BMC Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone Marrow Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
British Journal of Diabetes & Vascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
British Journal of Primary Care Nursing - Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes and Kidney Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Clinical Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Lymphoma & Myeloma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Blood Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conquest : The Official Journal of Diabetes Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Current Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Current Diabetes Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cytotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Der Diabetologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 403)
Diabetes aktuell     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Diabetes Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 461)
Diabetes Case Reports     Open Access  
Diabetes Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Diabetes Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Diabetes Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Diabetes Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Diabetic Foot & Ankle     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diabetic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142)
Diabetologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 200)
Diabetologia Kliniczna     Hybrid Journal  
Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Haematology     Open Access  
eJHaem     Open Access  
European Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Experimental Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Experimental Hematology & Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Fluids and Barriers of the CNS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Haematologica - the Hematology journal     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Haemophilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Hematologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hematología     Open Access  
Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Hematology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hemodialysis International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hepatitis Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Immunohematology : Journal of Blood Group Serology and Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Info Diabetologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
InFo Hämatologie + Onkologie : Interdisziplinäre Fortbildung von Ärzten für Ärzte     Full-text available via subscription  
Integrated Blood Pressure Control     Open Access  
International Blood Research & Reviews     Open Access  
International Journal of Clinical Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hematologic Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Hematology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Iraqi Journal of Hematology     Open Access  
JMIR Diabetes     Open Access  
Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Blood Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Diabetes Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Hematological Malignancies     Open Access  
Journal of Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hematopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hypo & Hyperglycemia     Partially Free  
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Health and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Kidney and Blood Pressure Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Leukemia and Lymphoma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Leukemia Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Leukemia Research Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leukemia Supplements     Full-text available via subscription  
Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access  
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Diabetologie     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Oncohematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Diabetes Journal     Open Access  
Open Hematology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Hypertension Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Blood Diseases     Open Access  
Pediatric Blood & Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Peritoneal Dialysis International     Hybrid Journal  
Platelets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Practical Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Primary Care Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Oncology and Hematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia     Open Access  
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Thalassemia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Haematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Therapeutic Advances in Hematology     Hybrid Journal  
Thrombosis & Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 140)
Thrombosis Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Transfusionsmedizin - Immunhämatologie, Hämotherapie, Immungenetik, Zelltherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Transplantation and Cellular Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veins and Lymphatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Diabetes Research
Number of Followers: 13  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-5214 - ISSN (Online) 1687-5303
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Efficacy and Safety of Dapagliflozin versus Liraglutide in Patients with
           Overweight or Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomised
           Controlled Clinical Trial in Tianjin, China

    • Abstract: Objective. We aimed to clarify the efficacy of dapagliflozin versus liraglutide in patients with overweight or obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods. T2DM patients with overweight or obesity who visited the Metabolic Disease Management Center at Tianjin Fourth Central Hospital from October 2019 to January 2020 were recruited and randomised to receive dapagliflozin or liraglutide for 24 weeks. Changes in blood glucose and lipid levels, blood pressure, and body weight, as well as the occurrence of hypoglycaemia and other adverse events, were compared. Results. 309 patients completed the study (143 in liraglutide group and 166 in dapagliflozin group). After 24 weeks, HbA1c, fasting blood glucose (FPG), and 2 h postprandial blood glucose (2hPG) levels significantly decreased from to , to  mmol/L, and to  mmol/L, respectively, in the dapagliflozin group, and from to , to  mmol/L, and to  mmol/L, respectively, in the liraglutide group. Changes in HbA1c, FPG, and 2hPG levels between groups were not significantly different. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level significantly decreased from to  mmHg () and from to  mmol/L (), respectively, in the dapagliflozin group. After COVID-19 outbreak, the number of patients taking sleep-promoting drugs increased from 4.9% to 9.4% ().Conclusions. Liraglutide and dapagliflozin had strong hypoglycaemic effects in patients with overweight or obesity and T2DM at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Dapagliflozin may be beneficial in improving SBP and LDL-C levels; however, further research is warranted.
      PubDate: Sat, 13 Aug 2022 08:05:00 +000
       
  • Nutritional Interventions May Improve Outcomes of Patients Operated on for
           Diabetic Foot Infections: A Single-Center Case-Control Study

    • Abstract: Aim. While a patient’s nutritional status is known to generally have a role in postoperative wound healing, there is little information on its role as therapy in the multifaceted problem of diabetic foot infections (DFIs). Methods. We assessed this issue by conducting a retrospective case-control cohort study using a multivariate Cox regression model. The nutrition status of the DFI patients was assessed by professional nutritionists, who also orchestrated the nutritional intervention (counselling, composition of the intrahospital food) during hospitalization. Results. Among 1,013 DFI episodes in 586 patients (median age 67 years; 882 with osteomyelitis), 191 (19%) received a professional assessment of their nutrition accompanied by between 1 and 6 nutritional interventions. DFI cases who had professional nutritionists’ interventions had a significantly shorter hospital stay, had shorter antibiotic therapies, and tended to fewer surgical debridements. By multivariate analysis, episodes with low Nutritional Risk Status- (NRS-) Scores 1-3 were associated with significantly lower failure rates after therapy for DFI (Cox regression analysis; hazard ratio 0.2, 95% confidence interval 0.1-0.7). Conclusions. In this retrospective cohort study, DFI episodes with low NRS-Score were associated with lower rates of clinical failure after DFI treatment, while nutritional interventions improved the outcome of DFI. We need prospective interventional trials for this treatment, and these are underway.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Aug 2022 15:05:00 +000
       
  • Combine and Conquer: With Type 2 Diabetes Polypharmacy Is Essential Not
           Only to Achieve Glycemic Control but Also to Treat the Comorbidities and
           Stabilize or Slow the Advancement of Diabetic Nephropathy

    • Abstract: The concept of polypharmacy in the type 2 diabetic patient is both historic and redundant. A combination of three or more medications usually at doses which are less than those utilized for monotherapy is efficacious not only in the therapy of hyperglycemia but also in the therapy of the comorbidities of hypertension and hyperlipidemia. In addition, multiple medications are now accepted as being necessary to reduce albuminuria and decelerate the decline in renal function in the patient with diabetic nephropathy.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 06:20:01 +000
       
  • Expression of Transient Receptor Potential Channel Genes and Their
           Isoforms in Alpha-Cells and Beta-Cells of Human Islets of Langerhans

    • Abstract: Expression of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel genes and their isoforms in the alpha-cells and the beta-cells of the human islets of Langerhans has not been studied in detail. In this study, we have analyzed the RNA sequencing data obtained from purified human alpha-cells and beta-cells to identify the genes and their isoforms that are expressed differentially in these two cell types. We found that TRPC1, TRPC4, TRPC7, TRPM3, and TRPML1 were differentially expressed in these two cell types. TRPC1, TRPM3, and TRPML1 were expressed at a higher level in the beta-cells than in the alpha-cells. TRPC4 and TRPC7 were expressed at a higher level in the alpha-cells than in the beta-cells. The TRPC4-206 isoform was expressed at a 45-fold higher level in the alpha-cells compared to the beta-cells. Expression of TRPM3-202 was 200-fold and TRPM3-209 was 25-fold higher in the beta-cells than in the alpha-cells. Our study has demonstrated the relative abundance of expression of the TRP channel genes and their isoforms in the human alpha-cells and the beta-cells.
      PubDate: Wed, 03 Aug 2022 02:20:00 +000
       
  • Impact of the Fasting Plasma Glucose Titration Target on the Success of
           Basal Insulin Titration in Insulin-Naïve Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A
           Systematic Analysis

    • Abstract: Background/Aim. We aimed to examine beneficial and adverse outcomes of basal insulin titration performed with different fasting plasma glucose (FPG) titration targets (TT). Methods. A PubMed literature search retrieved 43 reported prospective clinical trials introducing basal insulin in 17643 insulin-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes reporting fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, target achievement, hypoglycemic events, and insulin doses. 61 individual study arms were grouped by fasting plasma glucose titration target (TT; 1: ≤5.0 mmol/l/90 mg/dl; 2: 5.01-5.6 mmol/l/90-100 mg/dl; and 3: ≥5.61 mmol/l/101 mg/dl). Weighted means and their standard deviations were calculated for baseline and end-of-treatment FPG (primary endpoint), HbA1c, target achievement, hypoglycemic events, insulin doses, and body weight gain and compared over a duration of weeks. Results. Achieved FPG and HbA1c at the end of the study were significantly lower (by up to 0.8 mmol/l or 0.23%, respectively) with more ambitious TTs (), leading to better HbA1c target achievement with more ambitious TTs (by up to 14.6% for ), without increasing the risk for hypoglycemic episodes. Conclusions. Aiming for a lower FPG TT improves glycemic control without increasing the risk for hypoglycemia.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Jul 2022 02:35:00 +000
       
  • Longitudinal Associations of Newly Diagnosed Prediabetes and Diabetes with
           Cognitive Function among Chinese Adults Aged 45 Years and Older

    • Abstract: With population aging, diabetes mellitus and cognitive function decline are common health problems among older adults worldwide. This longitudinal study is aimed at estimating the longitudinal associations of newly diagnosed prediabetes and diabetes status with cognitive function among Chinese adults aged 45 years and older and evaluating the clinical risk factors associated with cognitive function. Data were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). A total of 8716 participants meeting the inclusion criteria were enrolled between 2011 and 2012 at baseline, and 6125 participants completed the follow-up survey in 2018. Cognitive function, newly diagnosed diabetic status, depression, body mass index, and clinical and biochemical measurements were collected. At baseline, the mean age of the participants was 58.93 (SD: 9.76) years, 3987 (45.7%) were males, 1802 (20.7%) participants were newly diagnosed with prediabetes, and 935 (10.7%) were diabetes patients. After adjusting for control variables, diabetes was a significant risk factor for subsequent cognitive decline (unstandardized ,). Subgroup analyses found that the association of diabetes with cognitive decline was significant in females. Stratification analyses found that among prediabetes patients, triglyceride concentrations were negatively associated with cognitive function; among diabetes patients, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein was significantly associated with cognitive decline. The newly diagnosed diabetes status at baseline was associated with subsequent cognitive decline among middle-aged and elderly Chinese, especially in females. The management of triglycerides through lifestyle modification for prediabetes and specific adjunctive anti-inflammatory therapy for diabetes might benefit cognitive performance.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Jul 2022 07:35:01 +000
       
  • The Effects of Self-Efficacy and Physical Activity Improving Methods on
           the Quality of Life in Patients with Diabetes: A Systematic Review

    • Abstract: Objective. The purpose of this systematic review is to study the impact of self-efficacy-improving strategies on physical activity-related glycemic control of diabetes. Method. This systematic review was conducted based on the PRISMA statement. (“Diabetes” OR “glycemic control”) AND (“exercise” OR “physical activity”) AND “self-efficacy” were searched as keywords in databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science, and Scopus between 2000 and 2019 for relesvant articles. Results. Two reviewers independently screened articles (), and those meeting eligibility criteria () were selected for data extraction using a predesigned Excel form and critical appraisal using the “Tool for Quantitative Studies.” Different strategies and health promotion programs such as individual or group face-to-face education and multimedia (video conference, video, phone calls, short message service, and Internet-based education) were used in diabetes self-management education programs. The results of different interventions including motivational interviewing (7 studies), exercise (5 studies), multidimensional self-management programs (25 studies), and electronic education (11 studies) had been evaluated. Interventions with more social support, longer duration, combined educative theory-based, and individual education had better outcomes both in postintervention and in follow-up evaluation. Conclusion. A combination of traditional and virtual long-lasting self-care promoting (motivating) programs is needed to improve patients’ self-efficacy for healthy habits like active lifestyle.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jul 2022 02:20:00 +000
       
  • Trends in Glycemia between 2002 and 2016 among Incident Youth Cohorts
           Early in the Course of Type 1 Diabetes: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth
           Study

    • Abstract: Objective. Hyperglycemia early in the course of type 1 diabetes (T1D) may increase the risk of cardiometabolic complications later in life. We tested the hypothesis that there were temporal trends in population-level glycemia and insulin pump use near T1D diagnosis among incident youth cohorts diagnosed between 2002 and 2016. Methods. Weighted and adjusted regression models were applied to data from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study to analyze trends in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), suboptimal glycemia ( or not), and insulin pump use among youth with T1D within 30 months of diagnosis. We tested the interaction of year with race and ethnicity, sex, and insulin regimen to assess potential disparities. Results. Among the 3,956 youth with T1D, there was a small, clinically insignificant reduction in HbA1c between 2002 () and 2016 () (fully adjusted change by year (-0.013% [95% CI -0.026, -0.0008], ). The proportion of youth with suboptimal glycemia increased with each year, but the adjusted odds did not change. Insulin pump use increased more than fivefold. Although interaction effects of time with race and ethnicity, sex, and insulin regimen were not detected, in 2016, suboptimal glycemia was 4.3 and 1.8 times more prevalent among Black and Hispanic than among non-Hispanic White youth, respectively. Conclusions. There was not a clinically significant population-level improvement in glycemia across incident youth cohorts early in the course of T1D, despite severalfold increases in insulin pump use. Comprehensive clinical interventions to improve glycemia early in the T1D course and address disparities are urgently needed.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Jul 2022 01:50:01 +000
       
  • Changing Meal Sequence Affects Glucose Excursions in Gestational Diabetes
           Mellitus

    • Abstract: Studies on nutrient sequences during meals suggest that consuming carbohydrates last lowers postprandial glucose excursions more than consuming carbohydrates first. However, this phenomenon has not been studied in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Ten women with GDM consumed the same caloric foods in different sequences over five successive days: (A) dish first, followed by carbohydrate and soup last; (B) carbohydrate first, followed by dish and soup last; (C) soup first, followed by dish and carbohydrate last; (D) three meals a day ad libitum; and (E) six meals a day as ad libitum. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) was used to assess diurnal glycemia. Decreases in mean glucose levels and the largest glucose levels in A were similar to group C. The peak glucose of breakfast and lunch in group B was more significant than in groups A and C. The B meal pattern showed more marked glycemic excursions than groups A and C. Increasing the number of meals reduced the peak glucose level and the glycemic excursions with the same total calories. Changing meal sequences or increasing the number of meals may reduce glycemic excursions in GDM. Our trial was registered retrospectively and the trial registration number is ChiCTR2200057044.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jul 2022 11:20:01 +000
       
  • Effects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors on Urine Albumin to
           

    • Abstract: Objectives. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors on urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and to recommend appropriate medication care scheme. Methods. 8371 T2DM patients from four dapagliflozin studies and two canagliflozin studies were collected for analyzing with nonlinear mixed effect model (NONMEM). The change rates of UACR from baseline were intended to be evaluation indicators. Results. In the present study, there was no significant difference in the effects on UACR using dapagliflozin or canagliflozin treatment in T2DM patients. The maximal effect () and the treatment duration of reaching half of (ET50) from SGLT-2 inhibitors on UACR in T2DM patients were -19.2% and 0.448 weeks, respectively. Further, the treatment duration to reach 25%, 50%, 75%, and 80% was 0.150 weeks, 0.448 weeks, 1.344 weeks, and 1.792 weeks, respectively. Namely, for achieving the plateau period (80% of ) of SGLT-2 inhibitors on UACR in T2DM patients, 10 mg/day dapagliflozin (or 100 mg/day canagliflozin) should be taken for at least 1.792 weeks. Conclusions. To our knowledge, the present study explored the effects of SGLT-2 inhibitors on UACR in T2DM patients, meanwhile, recommended appropriate medication care scheme for the first time.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Jul 2022 09:20:00 +000
       
  • Effects of Resistant Starch on Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A
           Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a main health problem associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, morbidity, and mortality. Recent studies shown that the progression of CKD may be related to the change of intestinal flora. Resistant starch (RS) is a type of dietary fiber that can act as a substrate for microbial fermentation. Some studies have found that the supplementation of RS can improve the intestinal flora disorder in CKD patients. However, the specific effect of RS on CKD patients remains controversial. Objective. We designed this meta-analysis to identify and assess the effects of RS on patients with CKD. Methods. A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane systematic review databases was conducted in January 2020, and all new trials were updated in August 2021. Randomized trials were collected to assess the effects of RS on patients with CKD. The weighted average effect size of the net change was calculated by using the random-effects model. Results. The meta-analysis included 8 studies involving 301 participants. RS intake significantly reduced serum indolephenol sulfate (IS), blood phosphorus, IL-6, and uric acid levels in dialysis patients. The mean difference (MD) of serum IS () in the dialysis subgroup was -12.57 μmol/L (95% CI: -19.28, -5.86 μmol/L). The MD of blood phosphorus () was -0.39 mg/dl (95% CI: -0.78, -0.01 mg/dl). The MD of serum uric acid () between the dialysis subgroup and the nondialysis subgroup was -31.58 mmol/L (95% CI: -52.99, -10.17 mmol/L). The mean difference (MD) of IL-6 () in the dialysis subgroup was -1.16 μmol/L (95% CI: -2.16, -0.16 μmol/L). However, there was no significant change of RS on hs-CRP, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), blood paracresol sulfate, and blood lipid. Conclusions. The intake of RS reduced the serum IS, serum phosphorus, IL-6, and uric acid levels significantly in dialysis patients, while hs-CRP, serum creatinine, BUN, serum paracresol sulfate, and blood lipid showed no significant changes.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Jul 2022 01:35:01 +000
       
  • Evaluation of the Effect of Garlic Tablet as a Complementary Treatment for
           Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy

    • Abstract: Purpose. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of garlic (Allium sativum L.) tablets as a complimentary herbal medication in diabetic macular edema. Methods. A total of 91 diabetic participants (117 eyes) with central involved macular edema underwent a double-blind randomized trial. The patients used garlic tablets (500 mg) (2 tab/day) or placebo for 4 weeks and subsequently were examined by an expert ophthalmologist. Clinical manifestations including the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA, logMAR), central macular thickness (CMT, μm), and intraocular pressure (IOP) were measured as the main outcomes. Results. BCVA was significantly improved by a 0.18 decrease in mean logMAR value in the garlic-treated patients in comparison with 0.06 in the control ones (). CMT was decreased in both groups by a 102.99 μm decrease in the garlic group compared to 52.67 μm in the placebo group, albeit in a nonsignificant manner ( value: 0.094). IOP was decreased in the garlic group by 1.03 mmHg ( value: 0.024) and increased by 0.3 mmHg ( value: 0.468) in the placebo group. Conclusion. Our trial suggests that garlic supplements can improve visual acuity, decrease the CMT and lower the IOP, and can be considered as an adjuvant treatment in patients with diabetic macular edema. Garlic was satisfactorily tolerated in diabetic patients, and no significant adverse effect interrupting the safety profile was observed.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Jul 2022 01:35:00 +000
       
  • Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on Early Clinical Outcome and Stent Restenosis
           after Carotid Artery Stenting

    • Abstract: Background. Diabetes mellitus is closely related to both the severity of carotid disease and its outcome after revascularization. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has emerged as a viable alternative to surgical endarterectomy but little is known about the impact of diabetes after CAS. Methods. A consecutive cohort of 1940 patients undergoing CAS in two institutions was divided into two groups, diabetics and nondiabetics, and major cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) were analyzed at 30 days post-CAS and at 1 year follow-up. Results. There were 730 patients with diabetes, with significantly higher BMI, hypertension, chronic dialysis, and dyslipidemia frequency (). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of early and late MACCEs (composite of transient ischemic attack, major stroke, myocardial infarction, and death), with an early rate of 3.5% nondiabetics vs. 5.3%, and 2.4 nondiabetics vs. 2.3% diabetics, at 12 months. Overall stroke/death rate in the asymptomatic patients was 2.4%, and the restenosis rate was higher in the diabetes population (2.3% vs. 1%, ).Conclusion. The presence of diabetes was associated with an acceptable increased periprocedural risk for CAS, but no further additional risk emerged during longer term follow-up. Diabetes may precipitate the rate of early in-stent restenosis.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jul 2022 04:05:01 +000
       
  • Therapeutic Potential of Liraglutide for Diabetes–Periodontitis
           Comorbidity: Killing Two Birds with One Stone

    • Abstract: Background. The relationship between diabetes and periodontitis is bidirectional, and there is now consensus that periodontitis and diabetes are comorbid. There is a quest for a drug that can be used to treat both conditions simultaneously. This study evaluated the anti-inflammatory and osteoprotective effects of liraglutide (LIRA) on periodontitis in diabetic rats. Methods. Male Wistar rats () were randomly divided into four groups: control group (), LIRA group (), diabetes-associated periodontitis+0.9% saline group (diabetic periodontitis (DP)+NaCl group, ), and diabetes-associated periodontitis+LIRA group (DP+LIRA group, ). LIRA treatment lasted for 4 weeks (300 μg/kg/d) after establishment of a rat model of DP. The expression of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The morphological changes of periodontal tissues were observed by hematoxylin–eosin staining. The absorption of alveolar bone and its ultrastructural changes were observed by histomorphometry and microcomputed tomography. The expression of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) in alveolar bone was detected by immunohistochemistry. The levels of Runx2 mRNA and ALP mRNA in the gingival epithelium were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results. LIRA decreased alveolar bone resorption, improved the microstructure of alveolar bone, and reduced periodontal inflammation and damage (). LIRA also reduced blood glucose level and inhibited the secretion of serum IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β (). In addition, after treatment with LIRA, the ratio of RANKL/OPG was reduced, and the expression levels of ALP mRNA and Runx2 mRNA were upregulated ().Conclusions. LIRA not only controls blood glucose level but also reduces inflammation and bone loss and enhances osteogenic differentiation in diabetes-associated periodontitis. Those indicate that LIRA may be used as a potential medicine for the adjunctive therapy of diabetes-periodontitis comorbidity.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Jul 2022 02:20:00 +000
       
  • Enhancement of Mitochondrial Function by the Neurogenic Molecule NSI-189
           Accompanies Reversal of Peripheral Neuropathy and Memory Impairment in a
           Rat Model of Type 2 Diabetes

    • Abstract: Aims. Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to many forms of peripheral and central nervous system degeneration. Therapies that protect mitochondrial number and function have the potential to impact the progression of conditions such as diabetic neuropathy. We therefore assessed indices of mitochondrial function in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and brain cortex of the Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rat model of type 2 diabetes and tested the therapeutic impact of a neurogenic compound, NSI-189, on both mitochondrial function and indices of peripheral and central neurological dysfunction. Materials and Methods. ZDF rats were maintained for 16 weeks of untreated diabetes before the start of oral treatment with NSI-189 for an additional 16 weeks. Nerve conduction velocity, sensitivity to tactile and thermal stimuli, and behavioral assays of cognitive function were assessed monthly. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, mitochondrial protein levels, and respiratory complex activities were assessed in the DRG and brain cortex after 16 weeks of treatment with NSI-189. Results. Treatment with NSI-189 selectively elevated the expression of protein subunits of complexes III and V and activities of respiratory complexes I and IV in the brain cortex, and this was accompanied by amelioration of impaired memory function and plasticity. In the sensory ganglia of ZDF rats, loss of AMPK activity was ameliorated by NSI-189, and this was accompanied by reversal of multiple indices of peripheral neuropathy. Conclusions. Efficacy of NSI-189 against dysfunction of the CNS and PNS function in type 2 diabetic rats was accompanied by improvement of mitochondrial function. NSI-189 exhibited actions at different levels of mitochondrial regulation in central and peripheral tissues.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 03:35:01 +000
       
  • Determinants of Poor Treatment Adherence among Patients with Type 2
           Diabetes and Limited Health Literacy: A Scoping Review

    • Abstract: Prevention of complications and successful control of diabetes require preventive and therapeutic measures. Patients’ nonadherence to medication and diet regimens and healthcare protocols is associated with significant therapeutic and economic consequences. The present scoping review aims to identify determinants of poor treatment adherence among patients with type 2 diabetes and limited health literacy in 2021. This scoping review was conducted in five stages: designing a research question, searching and extracting related studies, selecting related studies, tabulating information, and reporting results. Data were collected from six foreign electronic databases (Embase, Science Direct, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science) and four Iranian electronic databases (MagIran, SID, IranDoc, and IranMedex) using keywords “Type 2 diabetes”, “barriers”, “treatment”, “medication”, “adherence”, “non-adherence”, “limited adherence”, and “limited health literacy” from January 2010 to November 2021. From an initial 146 articles, 18 articles were eligible for review. Eighteen studies involving 3925 patients with T2DM from eight countries were included. The prevalence of nonadherence ranged from 42% to 74.3%. Barriers to treatment adherence, which were common among the articles, included economic problems, poor communication with healthcare team, lack of family support, lack of knowledge, misconceptions, and limited health literacy. The results of the present study provided modifiable and nonmodifiable factors affecting treatment adherence among patients with type 2 diabetes. Modifiable factors are essential by performing appropriate interventions with the target group and health professionals.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 03:35:00 +000
       
  • Tangshenning Attenuates High Glucose-Induced Podocyte Injury via Restoring
           Autophagy Activity through Inhibiting mTORC1 Activation

    • Abstract: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) and the most common cause of death in diabetic patients. DN progression is associated with podocyte damage due to reduced autophagy caused by mTORC1 activation. Tangshenning (TSN) has been shown to reduce proteinuria, protect renal function, and reduce podocyte damage. Still, the effect of TSN on the autophagic activity of podocytes remains unclear. Herein, in vitro experiments using a high glucose-induced podocyte injury model were performed. Results showed that TSN treatment enhanced the weakened nephrin expression and autophagic activity of podocytes and inhibited the mTORC1 pathway (p-mTOR, mTOR, p-p70S6K, p70S6K, ULK1, and 4EBP1) under high glucose conditions. Furthermore, the mTORC1 activator (siRNA-TSC2) partially inhibited the above beneficial effects of TSN, suggesting that mTORC1 was the target of TSN to regulate autophagy. In summary, TSN reduces podocyte damage induced by high glucose via inhibiting mTORC1 pathway and downstream targets and restoring podocyte autophagy.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jun 2022 09:20:01 +000
       
  • The Effects of Tai Chi Exercise for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
           Mellitus: An Overview of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

    • Abstract: Objectives. Tai chi (TC) is a potential complementary treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This overview systematically summarizes and evaluates the existing evidence of TC in the treatment of T2DM. Methods. Systematic reviews (SRs)/meta-analyses (MAs) on TC interventions for T2DM were comprehensively searched in seven databases. Methodological quality, risk of bias, reporting quality, and quality of evidence were assessed using the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR-2), the Risk of Bias in Systematic (ROBIS) scale, the list of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA), and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. Results. Eight published SRs/MAs were included in our study. Based on the methodology and quality of evidence assessment, all SRs/MAs are considered to be of very low quality, and only 1 SR/MA has been assessed as low risk of bias, and none of the SR/MA has been fully reported on the checklist. A total of 65 outcome indicators extracted from the included SRs/MAs were evaluated, and only 1 item was assessed as high quality. Conclusions. TC may be an effective and safe complementary treatment for T2DM. However, this conclusion must be treated with caution because the quality of the evidence provided by the included SRs/MAs is generally low.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jun 2022 09:20:00 +000
       
  • Associations of Dietary Antioxidants with Glycated Hemoglobin and Insulin
           Sensitivity in Adults with and without Type 1 Diabetes

    • Abstract: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been associated with increased risks of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, and poor glycemic control and oxidative stress play a major role in its pathology. There is a lack of data on the role of dietary antioxidant micronutrients, including vitamins and trace elements, in glycemic control in T1D. The aim of this study is to examine associations of dietary intakes of micronutrients with glycemic status. We report data from a cross-sectional analysis from the coronary artery calcification in type 1 diabetes (CACTI) study (; T1D: ; nondiabetic controls: ) collected between the years 2000 and 2002. Participants completed a validated food frequency questionnaire, a physical examination, and biochemical analyses. Linear regression was used to examine the associations of dietary antioxidant micronutrients with HbA1c and estimated insulin sensitivity (eIS) in models adjusted for relevant covariates and stratified by diabetes status. In adults with T1D, we observed higher dietary manganese intake associated with higher eIS in the model adjusted for age, sex, diabetes duration, and total calories. In nondiabetic controls, higher intake of manganese associated with lower HbA1c and higher eIS values that persisted in models adjusted for all relevant covariates. On the other hand, dietary copper revealed a positive association with HbA1c in models adjusted for all covariates, except BMI and plasma lipids. No associations were noted for vitamins C and E and dietary carotenoids in either group. These findings reveal dietary antioxidant micronutrients, especially trace elements such as copper and manganese deserve special attention in glycemic control in adults with T1D as well as in nondiabetic controls.This trial is register with NCT00005754.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Jun 2022 07:05:01 +000
       
  • Long-Term Metabolic Outcomes after Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM):
           Results from the Odense GDM Follow-Up Study (OGFUS)

    • Abstract: Aims. To compare metabolic profiles and the long-term risk of metabolic dysfunction between women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (pGDM) and women without pGDM (non-GDM) matched on age, prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), and parity. Methods. In total, 128 women with pGDM (median follow-up: 7.8 years) and 70 non-GDM controls (median follow-up: 10.0 years) completed a 2 h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with assessment of glucose, C-peptide, insulin, and other metabolic measures. Additionally, anthropometrics, fat mass, and blood pressure were assessed and indices of insulin sensitivity and beta cell function were calculated. Results. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was significantly higher in the pGDM group compared to the non-GDM group (26% vs. 0%). For women with pGDM, the prevalence of prediabetes (38%) and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) (59%) were approximately 3-fold higher than in non-GDM women (). Both insulin sensitivity and beta cell function were significantly reduced in pGDM women compared to non-GDM women. Conclusion. Despite similar BMI, women with pGDM had a substantially higher risk of developing T2DM, prediabetes, and the MetS compared to controls. Both beta cell dysfunction and reduced insulin sensitivity seem to contribute to this increased risk.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Jun 2022 03:05:00 +000
       
  • Quality of Life in University Students with Diabetes Distress: Type 1 and
           Type 2 of Diabetes Differences

    • Abstract: Background. This study constitutes a preliminary trial to clarify the relationship between quality of life (QoL) and diabetes distress (DD in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) by comparing patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Methods. A cross-sectional study of university students with diabetes (type 1 and type 2) diabetes. One hundred sixty-six students were assigned to participate in this study. A self-report questionnaire on demographic and clinical parameters was taken. Rating worries and anxieties related to diabetes were evaluated using the diabetes distress scale-17, and quality of life was tested using SF-36 v2. Results. No significant differences were observed in the level of DD according to sociodemographics in type 1 DM (T1DM) and type 2 DM (T2DM) (). The mean scores for Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) and six subscales of the SF-36 v2 demonstrated no significant differences between T1DM and T2DM (). High scores of diabetes distress were independently associated with lower glycemic control for students with both types of diabetes. Likewise, high scores of distress were associated with lower PCS (). Additionally, the results showed that high scores of diabetes distress were associated with lower MCS ().Conclusions. University students with diabetes showed a high level of DD with no significant differences between both types of diabetes; this consequently affects all components of QoL. Psychological support is the better choice for those students for better health and future career.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Jun 2022 05:20:00 +000
       
  • Identification of Flavonoid C-Glycosides as Promising Antidiabetics
           Targeting Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B

    • Abstract: Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), a negative regulator of the insulin signaling pathway, has gained attention as a validated druggable target in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The lack of clinically approved PTP1B inhibitors has continued to prompt research in plant-derived therapeutics possibly due to their relatively lesser toxicity profiles. Flavonoid C-glycosides are one of the plant-derived metabolites gaining increased relevance as antidiabetic agents, but their possible mechanism of action remains largely unknown. This study investigates the antidiabetic potential of flavonoid C-glycosides against PTP1B in silico and in vitro. Of the seven flavonoid C-glycosides docked against the enzyme, three compounds (apigenin, vitexin, and orientin) had the best affinity for the enzyme with a binding score of –7.3 kcal/mol each, relative to –7.4 kcal/mol for the reference standard, ursolic acid. A further probe (in terms of stability, flexibility, and compactness) of the complexes over a molecular dynamics time study of 100 ns for the three compounds suggested orientin as the most outstanding inhibitor of PTP1B owing to its overall -34.47 kcal/mol binding energy score compared to ursolic acid (-19.24 kcal/mol). This observation was in accordance with the in vitro evaluation result, where orientin had a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 0.18 mg/ml relative to 0.13 mg/ml for the reference standard. The kinetics of inhibition of PTP1B by orientin was mixed-type with and values of 0.004 μM/s and 0.515 μM. Put together, the results suggest orientin as a potential PTP1B inhibitor and could therefore be further explored in the management T2DM as a promising therapeutic agent.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Jun 2022 03:20:00 +000
       
  • The Perspectives of Diabetes Educators and Dietitians on Diet and
           Lifestyle Management for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Qualitative
           Study

    • Abstract: This study explores the knowledge and practice of diabetes educators and dietitians on diet and lifestyle management in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Diabetes educators and dietitians were recruited from three maternity hospitals in Adelaide (Australia), through snowball and purposive sampling. Thirteen semistructured interviews were conducted, audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analysed for codes and themes. Four themes emerged: guidelines and resources, dietary intervention, management delivery, and communication. Diabetes educators and dietitians demonstrated consistent knowledge of nutritional management for GDM and uniform delivery methods. However, a lack of culturally diverse resources was highlighted, along with a lack of continuity of care across the multidisciplinary team. Barriers towards uptake of dietary intervention were reflected by diabetes educators and dietitians as women showing signs of guilt and stress and disengaging from the service. Further exploration on the knowledge and practice of diabetes educators and dietitians for GDM to best inform implementation strategies for knowledge translation of nutritional management is needed. The indication of language and cultural barriers and resources highlight an ongoing key priority area to support the care of women of ethnic minorities.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Jun 2022 04:05:01 +000
       
  • Aqueous Humor Analyses in Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy Who Had
           Undergone Panretinal Photocoagulation

    • Abstract: Purpose. To determine the associations between aqueous humor cytokine levels and the severity of diabetic retinopathy and the prior panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) status of patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). Methods. We divided 98 DME patients into those with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), and PRP patients. We compared the concentrations of interleukin- (IL-) 1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-17; placental growth factor (PlGF); and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the aqueous humors. We subclassified PRP patients by the interval between PRP and aqueous sampling and analyzed the associations between aqueous cytokine levels and this interval. Results. The aqueous humor levels of IL-6, IL-8, VEGF, and PlGF were significantly higher in the PDR group than in the NPDR group. The PlGF and VEGF levels in the PDR group were significantly higher than those in the PRP group. On PRP subgroup analyses, patients who had undergone PRP within 6 months prior exhibited higher levels of VEGF, PlGF, and TNF-α than did those who had undergone PRP more than 12 months prior. The TNF-α level of the PRP subgroup treated within 6 months prior was significantly higher than that of the PDR group. Regression analyses showed that the levels of VEGF, PlGF, and TNF-α decreased significantly as the interval between PRP and aqueous sampling became longer. Conclusions. PDR patients exhibited higher concentrations of VEGF and certain inflammatory cytokines than did NPDR and PRP patients. In the latter patients, the intraocular VEGF and inflammatory cytokine levels fell gradually over time.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jun 2022 02:20:01 +000
       
  • Renal Protective Effects of Melatonin in Animal Models of Diabetes
           Mellitus-Related Kidney Damage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Diabetic nephropathy (DN)—chronic kidney damage caused by hyperglycemia—eventually develops into end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Melatonin is a powerful antioxidant that has a wide range of biological activities. Potentially helpful effects of melatonin on diabetic kidney disease have been found in several studies. However, its protective mechanisms are not clear and remain to be explored. In this review (CRD42021285429), we conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the effects and relevant mechanisms of melatonin for diminishing renal injuries in diabetes mellitus models. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMBASE databases up to September 2021 were used. Random- or fixed-effects models were used for calculating the standardized mean difference (SMD) or 90% confidence interval (CI). The risk of bias was estimated using the SYRCLE’s RoB tool. Statistical analysis was conducted with RevMan. A total of 15 studies including 224 animals were included in the analysis. The experimental group showed a remarkable decrease in serum creatinine (), blood urea nitrogen (), and urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) () compared with the control group, while the oxidative stress index improved. The experimental group also showed a remarkable increase in superoxide dismutase (), glutathione (), and catalase () and a remarkable decrease in MDA () content compared with the control group. We concluded that melatonin plays a role in renal protection in diabetic animals by inhibiting oxidative stress. Moreover, it should be noted that fasting blood glucose was reduced in the experimental group compared with the control group. The kidney and body weights of the animals were not decreased in the diabetic animal model compared with the control group.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 10:20:00 +000
       
  • Adherence to General Diabetes and Foot Care Processes, with Prompt
           Referral, Are Associated with Amputation-Free Survival in People with Type
           2 Diabetes and Foot Ulcers: A Scottish National Registry Analysis

    • Abstract: Aims. To compare different packages of care across care providers in Scotland on foot-related outcomes. Methods. A retrospective cohort study with primary and secondary care electronic health records from the Scottish Diabetes Registry, including 6,845 people with type 2 diabetes and a first foot ulcer occurring between 2013 and 2017. We assessed the association between exposure to care processes and major lower extremity amputation and death. Proportional hazards were used for time-to-event univariate and multivariate analyses, adjusting for case-mix characteristics and care processes. Results were expressed in terms of hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Results. 2,243 (32.7%) subjects had a major amputation or death. Exposure to all nine care processes at all ages (; 95% CI: 0.58-0.69; ) and higher foot care attendance in people aged>70 years (; 0.78-0.99; ) were associated with longer major amputation-free survival. weeks between ulceration and clinic attendance was associated with worse outcomes (; 1.37-1.84; ). In years, minor amputations were associated with improved major amputation-free survival (; 0.52-0.92; ).Conclusions. Strict adherence to a standardised package of general diabetes care before foot ulceration, timely foot care after ulceration, and specific treatment pathways were associated with longer major amputation-free survival among a large cohort of people with type 2 diabetes in Scotland, with a larger impact on older age groups.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 03:35:00 +000
       
  • UTP14A, DKC1, DDX10, PinX1, and ESF1 Modulate Cardiac Angiogenesis Leading
           to Obesity-Induced Cardiac Injury

    • Abstract: Background. This study is aimed at exploring the key genes and the possible mechanism of heart damage caused by obesity. Methods. We analyzed the GSE98226 dataset. Firstly, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in heart tissues of obese and normal mice. Then, we analyzed DEGs using Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Thirdly, we constructed a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and key modules and searched hub genes. Finally, we observed the pathological changes associated with obesity through histopathology. Results. A total of 763 DEGs were discovered, including 629 upregulated and 134 downregulated genes. GO enrichment analysis showed that these DEGs were mainly related to the regulation of transcription, DNA-templated, nucleic acid binding, and metal ion binding. KEGG pathway analysis revealed that the DEGs were enriched in long-term depression, gap junction, and sphingolipid signaling pathways. Finally, we identified UTP14A, DKC1, DDX10, PinX1, and ESF1 as the hub genes. Histopathologic analysis showed that obesity increased the number of collagen fibers and decreased the number of microvessels and proliferation of the endothelium and increased endothelial cell damage which further leads to dysfunction of cardiac microcirculation. Conclusion. UTP14A, DKC1, DDX10, PinX1, and ESF1 have been identified as hub genes in obesity-induced pathological changes in the heart and may be involved in obesity-induced cardiac injury by affecting cardiac microcirculatory function.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 05:35:01 +000
       
  • The Effect of Mild Renal Dysfunction on the Assessment of Plasma Amino
           Acid Concentration and Insulin Resistance in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
           Mellitus

    • Abstract: Background. An increase in the levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and certain aromatic amino acids, such as alanine, in plasma is correlated with insulin resistance (IR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). T2DM is a leading risk factor for chronic kidney disease. Meanwhile, renal dysfunction causes changes in plasma amino acid levels. To date, no study has examined how mild renal dysfunction and IR interact with plasma amino acid levels. This study examines the effects of IR and renal dysfunction on plasma amino acid concentrations in T2DM. Methods. Data were collected from healthy male participants (controls) and male patients with T2DM between May 2018 and February 2022. Blood samples were collected after overnight fasting. IR and renal function were evaluated using the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) and serum cystatin C (CysC), respectively. Results. A total of 49 and 93 participants were included in the control and T2DM groups, respectively. In the T2DM group, eight amino acids (alanine, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, isoleucine, leucine, tyrosine, and valine) and total BCAA showed a significant correlation with HOMA-IR (), whereas six amino acids (γ-aminobutyric acid, citrulline, cysteine, glycine, methionine, and valine) and total BCAA showed a significant correlation with 1/CysC (). However, only alanine, glutamic acid, and each BCAA showed significant differences between the control group and the IR T2DM subgroup. Increases in the BCAA levels with T2DM were canceled by renal dysfunction () in patients with intermediate IR. Conclusion. To use plasma BCAA concentration as a marker of IR, renal function must be considered, even in mild renal dysfunction. Increased alanine and glutamic acid levels indicate IR, regardless of mild renal dysfunction.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 05:35:01 +000
       
  • Metabolic Dysfunction in the Regulation of the NLRP3 Inflammasome
           Activation: A Potential Target for Diabetic Nephropathy

    • Abstract: Metabolic dysfunction plays a key role in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the exact effects and mechanisms are still unclear. The pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, a member of the nod-like receptor family, is considered a crucial inflammatory regulator and plays important roles in the progress of DN. A growing body of evidence suggests that high glucose, high fat, or other metabolite disorders can abnormally activate the NLRP3 inflammasome. Thus, in this review, we discuss the potential function of abnormal metabolites such as saturated fatty acids (SFAs), cholesterol crystals, uric acid (UA), and homocysteine in the NLRP3 inflammasome activation and explain the potential function of metabolic dysfunction regulation of NLRP3 activation in the progress of DN via regulation of inflammatory response and renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF). In addition, the potential mechanisms of metabolism-related drugs, such as metformin and sodium glucose cotransporter (SGLT2) inhibitors, which have served as the suppressors of the NLRP3 inflammasomes, in DN, are also discussed. A better understanding of NLRP3 inflammasome activation in abnormal metabolic microenvironment may provide new insights for the prevention and treatment of DN.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 03:05:01 +000
       
  • Use and Trends of Diabetes Self-Management Technologies: A
           Correlation-Based Study

    • Abstract: Applications and systems for diabetes self-management are growing and involve a vast majority of factors to consider. This study was aimed at examining the integration of portable technologies for diabetes self-management, as well as benefits and issues arising of its use. From a web-based study on several groups of people with diabetes, most of them accustomed to the daily use of devices and applications for self-control, a deeper analysis based on correlations and inference was conducted considering information about the disease, technology knowledge and devices handling, use of technologies for diabetes control and management, and training with devices from a clinical and educational viewpoint. In this study, more than 70% of participants use Continuous Glucose Systems and additional devices (41.85% also use insulin pumps) which impacts positively on the knowledge of incoming technologies. The “easy to use” factor of current apps for diabetes self-management is the most valuable feature. Also, 88.98% of participants did not use gamification-based methods during the initial training sessions, although gamification is a useful technique in learning stages. An inference analysis shows how specific characteristics of diabetes devices and apps should improve. On the basis of the results, we discuss about benefits, shortcomings, and the state of these technologies and patient needs for the future.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Jun 2022 05:35:01 +000
       
 
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