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HEMATOLOGY (160 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 153 of 153 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Haematologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Open Access  
Adipocyte     Open Access  
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Africa Sanguine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Hematology Case Reports and Reviews     Open Access  
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Blood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 277)
Blood Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Blood and Lymphatic Cancer : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Blood Cancer Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Blood Pressure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Blood Pressure Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Blood Purification     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Blood Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
BMC Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Bone Marrow Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
British Journal of Diabetes & Vascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
British Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
British Journal of Primary Care Nursing - Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes and Kidney Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Clinical Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Clinical Lymphoma & Myeloma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Conquest : The Official Journal of Diabetes Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Diabetes Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cytotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Der Diabetologe     Hybrid Journal  
Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 240)
Diabetes aktuell     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Diabetes Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 278)
Diabetes Case Reports     Open Access  
Diabetes Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Diabetes Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Diabetes Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Diabetes Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Diabetic Foot & Ankle     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diabetic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
Diabetologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 104)
Diabetologia Kliniczna     Hybrid Journal  
Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel     Hybrid Journal  
Egyptian Journal of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
eJHaem     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Experimental Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental Hematology & Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Fluids and Barriers of the CNS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Haematologica - the Hematology journal     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Haemophilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Hematologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hematología     Open Access  
Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hematology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hemodialysis International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hepatitis Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Immunohematology : Journal of Blood Group Serology and Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Info Diabetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
InFo Hämatologie + Onkologie : Interdisziplinäre Fortbildung von Ärzten für Ärzte     Full-text available via subscription  
Integrated Blood Pressure Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Blood Research & Reviews     Open Access  
International Journal of Clinical Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Hematologic Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Hematology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Iraqi Journal of Hematology     Open Access  
JMIR Diabetes     Open Access  
Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cell Science & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Blood Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Diabetes Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Hematological Malignancies     Open Access  
Journal of Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hematopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hypo & Hyperglycemia     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social Health and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Kidney and Blood Pressure Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Leukemia and Lymphoma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Leukemia Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Leukemia Research Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leukemia Supplements     Full-text available via subscription  
Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access  
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Diabetologie     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Oncohematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Diabetes Journal     Open Access  
Open Hematology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Hypertension Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Blood Diseases     Open Access  
Pediatric Blood & Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Peritoneal Dialysis International     Hybrid Journal  
Plasmatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Platelets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practical Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Primary Care Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Oncology and Hematology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia     Open Access  
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Thalassemia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Haematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Therapeutic Advances in Hematology     Hybrid Journal  
Thrombosis & Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 109)
Thrombosis Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Transfusionsmedizin - Immunhämatologie, Hämotherapie, Immungenetik, Zelltherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Transplantation and Cellular Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Veins and Lymphatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Diabetes Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.116
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2314-6745 - ISSN (Online) 2314-6753
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [340 journals]
  • The Effect of a Patient Activation Tailored Intervention on Type 2
           Diabetes Self-Management and Clinical Outcomes: A Study from Saudi Arabian
           Primary Care Settings

    • Abstract: Background. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a global public health challenge. T2DM self-management, including diet, physical activity, blood glucose self-monitoring, foot care, and adherence to medication, is considered a primary tool for managing diabetes. Patient activation, an individual’s knowledge, skill, and confidence in managing their health and healthcare, was recognized to be associated with better T2DM self-management and clinical outcomes. Patient activation intervention has been described as a potential approach for enhancing chronic disease self-management. This study is aimed at examining the effect of a patient activation-tailored intervention on T2DM self-management and clinical outcomes in primary care settings in Saudi Arabia. Method. A pre- and postintervention study was conducted among ≥18 years old T2DM patients attending primary healthcare centers in Saudi Arabia. Collected data included demographics, clinical data, the Patient Activation Measure (PAM), the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA), the diabetes knowledge test (DKT2), the problem area in diabetes test (PAID-5), and the diabetes quality of life test (DQOL). The intervention was tailored based on the participants’ patient activation level. The intervention consisted of monthly face-to-face sessions for three months and a telephone follow-up per month for three months postintervention. Descriptive statistics, a paired sample -test for scale variables, and Wilcoxon’s signed-rank test for categorical variables were used for data analysis. Results. A total of 82 patients, mostly female (61%) with a mean age of years old, completed baseline and postintervention surveys. After six months of intervention, there was a significant change in patient activation score from 54.74 to 61.58 (), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) from 8.38 to 7.55 (), and body mass index (BMI) from 30.90 to 29.16 (). Also, there was a significant change in SDSCA scores (diet from 3.12 to 3.67, exercise from 2.54 to 3.49, and blood glucose self-testing from 2.37 to 3.24) () and DKT from 6.29 to 7.22 ().Conclusion. Our findings suggested that tailoring interventions based on patients’ activation levels is more likely to yield promising T2DM self-management and clinical outcomes.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Nov 2023 12:05:00 +000
  • Determinants and Characteristics of Insulin Dose Requirements in Children
           and Adolescents with New-Onset Type 1 Diabetes: Insights from the
           INSENODIAB Study

    • Abstract: Aims. New-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) in pediatric patients represents a clinical challenge for initial total daily insulin dosing (TIDD) due to substantial heterogeneity in practice and lack of consensus on the optimal starting dose. Our INSENODIAB (INsulin SEnsitivity in New Onset type 1 DIABetes) study is aimed at (1) exploring the influence of patient-specific characteristics on insulin requirements in pediatric patients with new-onset T1D; (2) constructing a predictive model for the recommended TIDD tailored to individual patient profiles; and (3) assessing potential associations between TIDD and patient outcomes at follow-up intervals of 3 and 12 months. Methods. We conducted a comprehensive analysis of medical records for children aged 6 months to 18 years, hospitalized for new-onset T1D from 2013 to 2022. The study initially involved multivariable regression analysis on a retrospective cohort (rINSENODIAB), incorporating baseline variables. Subsequently, we validated the model robustness on a prospective cohort (pINSENODIAB) with a significance threshold of 5%. The model accuracy was assessed by Pearson’s correlation. Results. Our study encompassed 103 patients in the retrospective cohort and 80 in the prospective cohort, with median TIDD at diagnosis of 1.1 IU/kg BW/day (IQR 0.5). The predictive model for optimal TIDD was established using baseline characteristics, resulting in the following formula: . Validation of the model using the pINSENODIAB cohort demonstrated a significant Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.74. Notably, no significant correlation was observed between TIDD at diagnosis and partial remission markers (IDAA1C, C-peptide) at 3- and 12-months postdiagnosis time points. Conclusions. In the context of new-onset T1D in pediatric patients, we identified key influencing factors for determining optimal TIDD, including age, percentage of weight loss, weight, veinous pH, and bicarbonates. These findings have paved the way for the development of a dosing algorithm to potentially expedite glycemic control stabilization and facilitate a more individualized approach to treatment regimens.
      PubDate: Sun, 26 Nov 2023 18:05:01 +000
  • Therapeutic Benefit of Vernonia amygdalina in the Treatment of Diabetes
           and Its Associated Complications in Preclinical Studies

    • Abstract: Diabetes mellitus (DM), a complex heterogeneous metabolic disorder characterized by a defect in the function of insulin, is on the rapid rise globally. Sustained hyperglycemia which is a major sign of DM is linked to the generation of reactive oxygen species which promotes adverse complications of the disorder. Traditional herbal treatment of DM is a common practice in Africa and other tropical parts of the world. Vernonia amygdalina (VA), one of the highly researched species in the Asteraceae family, has proven to possess potent antidiabetic properties. Several phytochemicals identified in multiple extracts from VA are purported to be responsible for the antidiabetic potential of the plant. In this review, we discuss the therapeutic potential of VA in diabetes and its associated complications. We appraise the current evidence and further suggest potential areas that could be effectively exploited in future VA research on diabetes.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Nov 2023 02:05:00 +000
  • High-Glucose-Induced Injury to Proximal Tubules of the Renal System Is
           Alleviated by Netrin-1 Suppression of Akt/mTOR

    • Abstract: The kidneys have a high level of Netrin-1 expression, which protects against some acute and chronic kidney disorders. However, it is yet unknown how Netrin-1 affects renal proximal tubule cells in diabetic nephropathy (DN) under pathological circumstances. Research has shown that autophagy protects the kidneys in animal models of renal disease. In this study, we looked at the probable autophagy regulation mechanism of Netrin-1 and its function in the pathogenesis of DN. We proved that in HK-2 cell, high blood sugar levels caused Netrin-1 to be downregulated, which then triggered the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and enhanced cell death and actin cytoskeleton disruption. By adding Netrin-1 or an autophagy activator in vitro, these pathogenic alterations were reverted. Our results indicate that Netrin-1 stimulates autophagy by blocking the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, which underlies high-glucose-induced malfunction of the renal proximal tubules. After HK-2 cells were incubated with Netrin-1 recombination protein and rapamycin under HG conditions for 24 h, the apoptosis was significantly reduced, as shown by the higher levels of Bcl-2, as well as lower levels of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (, Cohen’s , Glass’s , Hedges’ ). This study reveals that targeting Netrin-1-related signaling has therapeutic potential for DN and advances our knowledge of the processes operating in renal proximal tubules in DN.
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Nov 2023 02:35:00 +000
  • Malnutrition Is Associated with Diabetic Retinopathy in Patients with Type
           2 Diabetes

    • Abstract: Background. The relationship between malnutrition and diabetic retinopathy (DR) is still unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between malnutrition and DR in type 2 diabetic patients. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 612 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Four malnutrition assessment tools: Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria, controlling nutritional status (CONUT), nutritional risk index (NRI), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), were applied to assess the nutritional status of the study population. The association between malnutrition and DR was examined using multivariable logistic regression and ordered logistic regression. Results. The proportion of malnutrition varied from 10.0% to 34.3% in total patients and from 16.3% to 45.1% in DR patients across the assessment tools. DR patients were more likely to be malnourished than patients without DR. The adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for DR of malnutrition defined by different tools were 1.86 (1.01-3.14) for GLIM criteria, 1.67 (1.04-2.70) for NRI, and 2.24 (1.07-4.69) for PNI. The aOR and 95% CI for the severity of DR of malnutrition defined by different tools were 1.99 (1.12-3.51) for GLIM criteria, 1.65 (1.06-2.58) for NRI, and 2.51 (1.31-4.79) for PNI. Conclusions. Malnutrition was common in DR patients, and it was closely linked to the presence and severity of DR. Diabetic patients with DR should undergo nutritional assessment and early treatment of malnutrition to prevent the onset or progression of DR.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Nov 2023 12:35:00 +000
  • Increased Insulin Secretion and Glucose Effectiveness in Obese Patients
           with Type 2 Diabetes following Bariatric Surgery

    • Abstract: Background. β-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance are the main mechanisms causing glucose intolerance in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Bariatric surgeries, i.e., sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), are procedures both known to induce weight loss, increase insulin action, and enhance β-cell function, but hepatic insulin extraction and glucose effectiveness may also play a role. Methods. To determine the contribution of these regulators on glucose tolerance after bariatric surgery, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed before and 2 months after surgery in 9 RYGB and 7 SG subjects. Eight healthy subjects served as metabolic controls. Plasma glucose, insulin, C-peptide, GLP-1, and GIP were measured during each OGTT. Insulin sensitivity and secretion, glucose effectiveness, and glucose rate of appearance were determined via oral minimal models. Results. RYGB and SG resulted in similar weight reductions (13%, RYGB (); 14%, SG ()). Two months after surgery, insulin secretion () and glucose effectiveness both improved equally in the two groups (11%, RYGB (); 8%, SG ()), whereas insulin sensitivity remained virtually unaltered. Bariatric surgery resulted in a comparable increase in the GLP-1 response during the OGTT, whereas GIP concentrations remained unaltered. Following surgery, oral glucose intake resulted in a comparable increase in hepatic insulin extraction, the response in both RYGB and SG patients significantly exceeding the response observed in the control subjects. Conclusions. These results demonstrate that the early improvement in glucose tolerance in obese T2D after RYGB and SG surgeries is attributable mainly to increased insulin secretion and glucose effectiveness, while insulin sensitivity seems to play only a minor role. This trial is registered with NCT02713555.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Nov 2023 12:35:00 +000
  • The Effects of Antioxidants and Pulsed Magnetic Fields on Slow and Fast
           Skeletal Muscle Atrophy Induced by Streptozotocin: A Preclinical Study

    • Abstract: Background and Objectives. Skeletal muscle atrophy, a condition characterized by decreased muscle mass and contractility, is commonly observed in various pathological states, including prolonged inactivity, malnutrition, sarcopenia, and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We aimed to investigate the potential therapeutic effects of pterostilbene (PTS), resveratrol (RSV), pulsed magnetic field (PMF), and their combinations on the streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced atrophy of slow- and fast-twitch skeletal muscles in rats. Material and Methods. Biomechanical analyses were utilized to examine the contractions of soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles, while muscle morphology was evaluated using hematoxylin-eosin staining. Immunohistochemical methods were employed to assess atrophy-related markers, including FBXO32, TRIM63, and FoxO3a. The levels of key proteins, such as pAkt, mTOR, FoxO3a, MSTN, CAPN3, TNF-α, NF-κB, MyHC IIb, MyLC 3, and GLUT4, in both skeletal muscle tissue and serum insulin levels were determined using ELISA. Total protein concentration was measured using the Bradford protein assay, and relative gene expressions of FBXO32, TRIM63, FoxO3a, 4E-BP1, p70S6K, TRIM72, and UbC were analyzed by real-time PCR. Results. Our findings suggest that antioxidants and PMF may alleviate impaired protein synthesis and degradation pathways in skeletal muscle atrophy. PTS showed a positive effect on the anabolic pathway, while RSV and PMF demonstrated potential for ameliorating the catabolic pathway. Notably, the combination therapy of antioxidants and PMF exhibited a stronger ameliorative effect on skeletal muscle atrophy than either intervention alone. Conclusion. The present results highlight the benefits of employing a multimodal approach, involving both antioxidant and PMF therapy, for the management of muscle-wasting conditions. These treatments may have potential therapeutic implications for skeletal muscle atrophy.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Nov 2023 03:50:00 +000
  • Diabetes Mellitus and Gastric Cancer: Correlation and Potential Mechanisms

    • Abstract: This review summarizes the correlation between diabetes mellitus (DM) and gastric cancer (GC) from the perspectives of epidemiology, drug use, and potential mechanisms. The association between DM and GC is inconclusive, and the positive direction of the association reported in most published meta-analyses suggests that DM may be an independent risk factor for GC. Many clinical investigations have shown that people with DM and GC who undergo gastrectomy may have better glycemic control. The potential link between DM and GC may involve the interaction of multiple common risk factors, such as obesity, hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, H. pylori infection, and the use of metformin. Although in vitro and in vivo data support that H. pylori infection status and metformin can influence GC risk in DM patients, there are conflicting results. Patient survival outcomes are influenced by multiple factors, so further research is needed to identify the patients who may benefit.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Nov 2023 02:35:00 +000
  • Risk of Neurodegenerative Diseases in Elderly Koreans with an Initial
           Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes: A Nationwide Retrospective Cohort Study

    • Abstract: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) are common among elderly individuals. Growing evidence has indicated a strong link between T2D and NDs, such as Alzheimer’s disease. However, previous studies have limitations in exploring the epidemiological relationship among these diseases as a group of NDs rather than as a specific type of ND. We aimed to investigate the risk of NDs in elderly Koreans who were first diagnosed with T2D and determine the association between T2D and NDs. We conducted a retrospective longitudinal cohort study of patients with who were initially diagnosed with T2D using the Korean National Health Information Database. The study participants were categorized into a T2D group () and a control group (), aged 60–84 years, that were matched for age, sex, and comorbidities. We followed the participants for 10 years to investigate the incidence of NDs. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for NDs. The numbers of patients diagnosed with ND at the end of follow-up were as follows: 51,096/155,459 (32.9%) in the T2D group and 44,673/155,459 (28.7%) in the control group (,). The incidences of NDs in the T2D and control groups were 44.68 (95% CI: 44.29, 45.07) and 36.89 (95% CI: 36.55, 37.24) cases per 1,000 person-years at risk, respectively. The overall incidence of NDs was higher in the T2D group than that in the control group (HR: 1.23, 95% CI: 1.22, 1.25, ). This study revealed a higher incidence of NDs in elderly Koreans who were initially diagnosed with T2D. This suggests that T2D is a risk factor for NDs in elderly Koreans.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Nov 2023 03:05:00 +000
  • Delivering the National Diabetes Prevention Program: Assessment of
           Outcomes in In-Person and Virtual Organizations

    • Abstract: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Diabetes Prevention Recognition Program (DPRP) has helped organizations deliver the National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP) lifestyle change program for over 10 years. Four delivery modes are now approved: in person, online (self-paced, asynchronous delivery), distance learning (remote, synchronous delivery), and combination (hybrid delivery using more than one delivery mode). We assessed outcomes using data from 333,715 participants who started the 12-month program between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2018. The average number of sessions attended was highest for in-person participants (15.0), followed by online (12.9), distance learning (12.2), and combination (10.7). The average number of weeks in the program was highest for in-person participants (28.1), followed by distance learning (20.1), online (18.7), and combination (18.6). The average difference between the first and last reported weekly physical activity minutes reflected an increase for in person (42.0), distance learning (27.1), and combination (15.0), but a decrease for online (-19.8). Among participants retained through session 6 or longer, average weekly physical activity minutes exceeded the program goal of 150 for all delivery modes. Average weight loss (percent of body weight) was greater for in person (4.4%) and distance learning (4.7%) than for online (2.6%) or combination (2.9%). Average participant weight loss increased gradually by session for all delivery modes; among participants who remained in the program for 22 sessions, average weight loss exceeded the program goal of 5% for all delivery modes. In summary, if participants stay in the program, most have positive program outcomes regardless of delivery mode; they have some outcome improvement even if they leave early; and their outcomes improve more the longer they stay. This highlights the benefits of better retention and increased enrollment in the National DPP lifestyle change programs, as well as enhancements to online delivery.
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Oct 2023 02:35:01 +000
  • A Prediction Model for Sight-Threatening Diabetic Retinopathy Based on
           Plasma Adipokines among Patients with Mild Diabetic Retinopathy

    • Abstract: Background. Accumulating evidence has suggested a link between adipokines and diabetic retinopathy (DR). This study is aimed at investigating the risk factors for sight-threatening DR (STDR) and establishing a prognostic model for predicting STDR among a high-risk population of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. Plasma concentrations of adipokines were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In the case-control set, principal component analysis (PCA) was performed to select optimal predictive cytokines for STDR, involving severe nonproliferative DR (NPDR) and proliferative DR. Support vector machine (SVM) was used to examine the possible combination of baseline plasma adipokines to discriminate the patients with mild NPDR who will later develop STDR. An individual prospective cohort with a follow-up period of 3 years was used for the external validation. Results. In both training and testing sets, involving 306 patients with T2DM, median levels of plasma adiponectin (APN), leptin, and fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) were significantly higher in the STDR group than those in mild NPDR. Except for adipsin, the other three adipokines, FABP4, APN, and leptin, were selected by PCA and integrated into SVM. The accuracy of the multivariate SVM classification model was acceptable in both the training set (,, and ) and the testing set (,, and ). 110 T2DM patients with mild NPDR, the high-risk population of STDR, were enrolled for external validation. Based on the SVM, the risk of each patient was calculated. More STDR occurred in the high-risk group than in the low-risk group, which were grouped by the median value of APN, FABP4, and leptin, respectively. The model was validated in an individual cohort using SVM with the AUC, sensitivity, and specificity reaching 0.77, 64%, and 91%, respectively. Conclusions. Adiponectin, leptin, and FABP4 were demonstrated to be associated with the severity of DR and maybe good predictors for STDR, suggesting that adipokines may play an important role in the pathophysiology of DR development.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Oct 2023 01:20:00 +000
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Type 2
           Diabetes Mellitus

    • Abstract: Objective. Women who develop GDM present a metabolic condition similar to that found in type 2 diabetes, characterized by impaired insulin response. Due to similar pathophysiologic mechanisms found between type 2DM and GDM, there is a great interest in finding markers that will lead to the understanding of a possible common origin to both diseases. The aim of this study was to determine serum FGF21 levels in 2DM and GDM and its correlation with selected metabolic parameters. Method. The study included 54 2DM patients and 52 nondiabetic individuals (control group 1) as well as 74 GDM women and 32 healthy pregnant controls (control group 2). Serum FGF21 was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), in all groups, and correlated with biochemical parameters of glucose metabolism and insulin resistance (HbA1c, HOMA index, TG, and HDL cholesterol). Results. FGF21 concentration was significantly higher in 2DM as compared with control group 1 (). In the 2DM group, FGF21 was positively correlated with HOMA index (,). In the GDM group, the positive relationships with FGF21 were observed with glucose (,) and TG (,) while HDL-C levels were correlated negatively (,).Conclusion. Serum FGF21 levels were significantly higher in 2DM patients than those without diabetes. Moreover, serum FGF21 levels were associated with selected metabolic parameters, suggesting that it may play acrolein glucose and lipid metabolism.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Oct 2023 05:05:01 +000
  • Rosa laevigata Michx. Polysaccharide Ameliorates Diabetic Nephropathy in
           Mice through Inhibiting Ferroptosis and PI3K/AKT Pathway-Mediated
           Apoptosis and Modulating Tryptophan Metabolism

    • Abstract: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a metabolic disease wherein chronic hyperglycemia triggers various renal cell dysfunctions, eventually leading to progressive kidney failure. Rosa laevigata Michx. is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Many studies have confirmed its antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and renoprotective effects. However, the effects and mechanisms of Rosa laevigata Michx. polysaccharide (RLP) in DN remain unclear. In this study, a DN mouse model was established to investigate the therapeutic effect of RLP on DN mice. Then, nontargeted metabolomics was used to analyze the potential mechanism of RLP in the treatment of DN. Finally, the effects of RLP on ferroptosis and the PI3K/AKT pathway were investigated. The results demonstrated that RLP effectively alleviated renal injury and reduced inflammation and oxidative stress in the kidney. In addition, nontargeted metabolomic analysis indicated that RLP could modulate riboflavin metabolism and tryptophan metabolism in DN mice. Notably, ferroptosis and PI3K/AKT pathway-mediated apoptosis in the kidney were also ameliorated following RLP treatment. In conclusion, this study confirmed that RLP had a significant therapeutic effect on DN mice. Furthermore, RLP treatment modulated tryptophan metabolism and inhibited ferroptosis and PI3K/AKT pathway-mediated apoptosis in the kidney.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Oct 2023 11:35:00 +000
  • Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Measurement Using Human Face Skin Region

    • Abstract: Aim. Analyse the diabetes mellitus (DM) of a person through the facial skin region using vision diabetology. Diabetes mellitus is caused by persistent high blood glucose levels and related complications, which show variation in facial skin regions due to reduced blood flow in the facial arteries. Materials and Method. In this study, 200 facial images of diabetes patients with skin conditions such as Bell’s palsy, rubeosis faciei, scleroderma, and vitiligo were collected from existing face videos. Moreover, face images are collected from diabetic persons in India. Viola Jones’ face-detecting algorithm extracts face skin regions from a diabetic person’s face image in video frames. The affected skin area on the diabetic person’s face is detected using HSV colour model segmentation. The proposed multiwavelet transform convolutional neural network (MWTCNN) extracts the features for diabetic measurement from up- and downfacial scaled images of diabetic persons. Results. The existing deep learning models are compared with the proposed MWTCNN model, which provides the highest accuracy of 98.3%. Conclusion. The facial skin region-based diabetic measurement avoids pricking of the serum and is used for continuous glucose monitoring.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Sep 2023 11:50:00 +000
  • β-Aminoisobutyric Acid Relates to Favorable Glucose Metabolism through
           Adiponectin in Adults with Obesity Independent of Prediabetes

    • Abstract: β-Aminoisobutyric acid (BAIBA) is secreted by skeletal muscle and promotes insulin sensitivity, fat oxidation, and anti-inflammation. While BAIBA is purportedly lower in individuals with obesity, no work has examined if prediabetes (PD) differentially impacts BAIBA concentrations in people with obesity. Methods. Adults were classified as normal glucose tolerant (NGT; (20F);  yrs;  kg/m2) or PD ( (18F);  yrs;  kg/m2) based on ADA criteria. A 180-minute 75 g OGTT was used to estimate fasting (HOMA-IR (liver)) and postprandial (Matsuda index (muscle)) insulin sensitivity as well as β-cell function (disposition index (DI), glucose-stimulated insulin secretion adjusted for insulin sensitivity). Body composition and fasting measures of BAIBA, fat oxidation (indirect calorimetry), and adipokines were determined. Results. NGT and PD had similar BAIBA concentrations ( vs.  μM, ) and fat oxidation (), despite NGT having lower fasting ( vs.  mg/dL, ) and glucose () compared to PD. Moreover, NGT had higher postprandial insulin sensitivity () and higher total phase () and (). Increased BAIBA was associated with adiponectin (,), adiponectin/leptin ratio (,), and lower glucose and insulin at 180 minutes (, and ,, respectively). Adiponectin also correlated with lower glucose at 180 minutes (,), and mediation analysis showed that BAIBA was no longer a significant predictor of glucose at 180 minutes after controlling for adiponectin ().Conclusion. While BAIBA did not differ between NGT and PD, higher BAIBA is related to favorable glucose metabolism, possibly through an adiponectin-related mechanism. Additional work is required to understand how exercise and/or diet impact BAIBA in relation to type 2 diabetes risk.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Sep 2023 12:20:00 +000
  • Epidemiology of Diabetic Ketoacidosis in the Waikato Region of New
           Zealand: 2000-2019

    • Abstract: Aims. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is not well characterised in New Zealand. This study is aimed at characterising the change in epidemiology and severity of DKA from 2000 to 2019 at a tertiary hospital in the Waikato region of New Zealand. Methods. A retrospective clinical data review of all patients admitted to Waikato District Health Board hospitals with DKA was undertaken. Characteristics and severity of DKA were assessed by type of DKA admission (diagnosed at admission, nonrecurrent, and recurrent), ethnicity, social deprivation, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and length of hospital stay, with linear regression reporting on changes over time. Results. There were 1254 admissions for DKA (564 individual patients), two-thirds being recurrent events. Nonrecurrent DKA patients were younger, whilst recurrent admissions for DKA were associated with T1D, female gender, greater socioeconomic deprivation, and rural living (all values < 0.01). DKA admission increased 8-fold between 2000 and 2019, mostly due to an increased number of recurrent events, particularly in Māori and female patients (). ICU admissions increased over time () whilst length of hospital stay trended down ().Conclusions. The rise in recurrent DKA is concerning, particularly in youth and indigenous Māori. Healthcare inequities need to be addressed, including adequate access to mental health support to ensure optimal outcomes for all patients with diabetes.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Sep 2023 13:20:00 +000
  • Comprehensive Search for GPCR Compounds which Can Enhance MafA and/or
           PDX-1 Expression Levels Using a Small Molecule Compound Library

    • Abstract: It has been shown that chronic hyperglycemia gradually decreases insulin biosynthesis and secretion which is accompanied by reduced expression of very important insulin gene transcription factors MafA and PDX-1. Such phenomena are well known as β-cell glucose toxicity. It has been shown that the downregulation of MafA and/or PDX-1 expression considerably explains the molecular mechanism for glucose toxicity. However, it remained unknown which molecules can enhance MafA and/or PDX-1 expression levels. In this study, we comprehensively searched for G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) compounds which can enhance MafA and/or PDX-1 expression levels using a small molecule compound library in pancreatic β-cell line MIN6 cells and islets isolated from nondiabetic C57BL/6 J mice and obese type 2 diabetic C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice. We found that fulvestrant and dexmedetomidine hydrochloride increased MafA, PDX-1, or insulin expression levels in MIN6 cells. We confirmed that fulvestrant and dexmedetomidine hydrochloride increased MafA, PDX-1, or insulin expression levels in islets from nondiabetic mice as well. Furthermore, these reagents more clearly enhanced MafA, PDX-1, or insulin expression levels in islets from obese type 2 diabetic db/db mice in which MafA and PDX-1 expression levels are reduced due to glucose toxicity. In conclusion, fulvestrant and dexmedetomidine hydrochloride increased MafA, PDX-1, or insulin expression levels in MIN6 cells and islets from nondiabetic mice and obese type 2 diabetic db/db mice. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report showing some molecule which can enhance MafA and/or PDX-1 expression levels. Therefore, although further extensive study is necessary, we think that the information in this study could be, at least in part, useful at some point such as in the development of new antidiabetes medicine based on the molecular mechanism of β-cell glucose toxicity in the future.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Sep 2023 02:20:00 +000
  • The Relationship between Trait Impulsivity and Everyday Executive
           Functions among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Mediating
           Effect of Negative Emotions

    • Abstract: Background. In recent years, the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has dramatically increased, imposing a heavy financial burden on society and individuals. The most cost-effective way to control diabetes is diabetes self-management, which depends on patients’ executive functions (EFs). However, the level of EFs among patients with T2DM varies greatly. In addition to diabetes-related factors contributing to a decline in EFs, trait impulsivity as a relatively stable personality trait may explicate individual differences in EFs. The objective of this study was to verify the mediating effect of negative emotions on the relationship between trait impulsivity and EFs among patients with T2DM in China. Methods. A total of 305 patients with T2DM were enrolled consecutively from the endocrinology departments of three tertiary hospitals in China using convenience sampling. The participants completed the Sociodemographic Questionnaire, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-Brief (BIS-Brief), Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales with 21 items (DASS-21), and Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult (BRIEF-A) version. A structural equation modeling was used to verify the mediating effect of negative emotions on the relationship between trait impulsivity and EFs. Results. A total of 32.46% of the participants experienced at least one aspect of daily EF decline. The mediating effect of trait impulsivity on the Behavioral Regulation Index (BRI) of EFs through negative emotions was significant, accounting for 29.57% of the total effect. The mediating effect of trait impulsivity on the Metacognitive Index (MI) of EFs through negative emotions was significant, accounting for 31.67% of the total effect. Conclusions. Trait impulsivity can positively predict EF decline, which can be alleviated by improving the negative emotions of patients with T2DM. Future research exploring interventions to improve the EFs of patients with T2DM should therefore consider their trait impulsivity and negative emotions.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Aug 2023 11:05:00 +000
  • Colquhounia Root Tablet Promotes Autophagy and Inhibits Apoptosis in
           Diabetic Nephropathy by Suppressing CD36 Expression In Vivo and In Vitro

    • Abstract: Background/Aims. Accumulating clinical evidence suggests that Colquhounia root tablet (CRT) has the potential to alleviate diabetic nephropathy (DN); however, the exact mechanism of action remains unclear. Here, we report the effects of CRT administration on apoptosis and autophagy and attempt to elucidate the underlying mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. Methods. Rat models of DN were established using streptozotocin (STZ). The primary metabolic parameters were assessed. The pathological changes of the rat kidney were investigated, and RNA sequencing was performed for each group. Renal tissue apoptosis was detected using the TUNEL assay. In rats and high glucose- (Hg-) induced HK-2 cells, RT-qPCR and western blot were used to analyze the expression of related genes and proteins. Hg medium was used to establish the diabetic kidney environment. The CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry were used to assess cell viability and apoptosis, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy was used to evaluate autophagy in vitro. Results. CRT treatment significantly reduced albuminuria and renal tissue damage in DN rats. Furthermore, CRT administration inhibited apoptosis and promoted autophagy in DN rat kidney tissues. CRT downregulated CD36 expression and activated the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway in DN rat kidney tissues. CRT intervention inhibited Hg-induced apoptosis and reversed autophagy in HK-2 cells. Moreover, overexpression of CD36 suppressed the beneficial effects of CRT. Conclusions. Our study is the first to report that CRT inhibited apoptosis and promoted autophagy in vivo and in vitro, which was achieved by reducing CD36 expression and activating the AMPK pathway. Therefore, CRT may be an effective drug to treat DN.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Aug 2023 06:35:02 +000
  • Plasma AGE and Oxidation Products, Renal Function, and Preeclampsia in
           Pregnant Women with Type 1 Diabetes: A Prospective Observational Study

    • Abstract: Aims. We aimed to determine whether plasma advanced glycation end products or oxidation products (AGE/oxidation-P) predict altered renal function and/or preeclampsia (PE) in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes. Methods. Prospectively, using a nested case-control design, we studied 47 pregnant women with type 1 diabetes, of whom 23 developed PE and 24 did not. Nineteen nondiabetic, normotensive pregnant women provided reference values. In plasma obtained at ~12, 22, and 32 weeks’ gestation (visits 1, 2, and 3; V1-V3), we measured five AGE products (carboxymethyllysine (CML), carboxyethyl-lysine (CEL), methylglyoxal-hydroimidazolone (MGH1), 3-deoxyglucosone hydroimidazolone (3DGH), and glyoxal-hydroimidazolone (GH1)) and four oxidation products (methionine sulfoxide (MetSO), 2-aminoadipic acid (2-AAA), 3-nitrotyrosine (3NT), and dityrosine (DT)), by liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy. Clinical outcomes were “estimated glomerular filtration rate” (eGFR) at each visit and onset of PE. Results. In diabetic women, associations between AGE/oxidation-P and eGFR were found only in those who developed PE. In this group, CEL, MGH1, and GH1 at V2 and CML, CEL, MGH1, and GH1 at V3 were inversely associated with contemporaneous eGFR, while CEL, MGH1, 3DGH, and GH1 at V2 were inversely associated with eGFR at V3 (all ). There were no associations of plasma AGE or oxidation-P with pregnancy-related development of proteinuria or PE. Conclusions. Inverse associations of second and early third trimester plasma AGE with eGFR among type 1 diabetic women who developed PE suggest that these patients constitute a subset susceptible to AGE-mediated injury and thus to cardiorenal complications later in life. However, AGE/oxidation-P did not predict PE in type 1 diabetic women.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Aug 2023 09:50:00 +000
  • The Composite Autonomic Symptom Score 31 Questionnaire: A Sensitive Test
           to Detect Risk for Autonomic Neuropathy

    • Abstract: Background and Aims. Autonomic neuropathy is a common but often neglected complication of diabetes, prediabetes, and even in individuals with an elevated risk of diabetes. The Composite Autonomic Symptom Score (COMPASS) 31 is a validated and easy-to-use questionnaire regarding autonomic symptoms. We aimed to use a digitally, Norwegian version of the COMPASS 31 in people with different durations of diabetes and healthy controls to consider feasibility and to investigate if scores could discriminate between positive and negative outcomes for established tests for diabetic neuropathy, including cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) and a novel method of examining the gastrointestinal visceral sensitivity. Method. We included 21 participants with longstanding type 2 diabetes, 15 with early type 2 diabetes, and 30 matched controls. The mean age for all groups was 69 years. Participants were phenotyped by cardiovascular autonomic reflex tests, electrical skin conductance, sural nerve electrophysiology, and the monofilament test. As a proxy for gastrointestinal visceral and autonomic nerve function, evoked potentials were measured following rapid rectal balloon distention. Results. Participants with longstanding diabetes scored a median (IQR) of 14.9 (10.8-28.7) points, early diabetes of 7.3 (1.6-15.2), and matched controls of 8.6 (4.1-21.6), . Women and men scored 14.4 (5.5-28.7) and 7.8 (3.6-14.6) points, respectively, . Participants with definite or borderline CAN scored 14.3 (10.4-31.9) points, compared to participants with no CAN, 8.3 (3.2-21.5), . Lowering the diagnostic cut-off from 16 to 10 points increased the sensitivity from 0.33 to 0.83, with a decreased specificity from 0.68 to 0.55. Conclusion. We successfully used COMPASS 31 in Norwegian. Thus, following the guidelines, we suggest clinical implementation for the assessment of autonomic neuropathy. Participants with longstanding diabetes had an increased likelihood of symptoms and signs of autonomic neuropathy. For screening purposes, the sensitivity was improved by lowering the cut-off to 10 points, with a lower score nearly excluding the diagnosis.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Aug 2023 11:05:00 +000
  • Predictors of Responsiveness to GLP-1 Receptor Agonists in Insulin-Treated
           Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    • Abstract: Background. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) are potent antihyperglycemic agents with beneficial effects on weight, cardiovascular, and renal outcomes. Physicians lack guidance as to which patients with insulin-requiring type 2 diabetes will respond best to GLP-1 RAs with respect to glycemic control, insulin dose reduction, and weight loss. This study evaluated the efficacy of GLP-1 RAs in patients with type 2 diabetes on insulin and patient factors that may predict a beneficial clinical response. Methods. Adults with type 2 diabetes treated with insulin who had a GLP-1 RA added to their regimen were evaluated retrospectively. Baseline parameters and outcomes at 3, 6, and 12 months were collected. Results. Among the 81 patients included, there was a mean reduction in hemoglobin A1C of 0.94% (SD, 0.26; ), 0.40% (SD, 0.21; ), and 0.58% (SD, 0.23, ) at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively, following the addition of a GLP-1 RA. There was also a reduction in body weight noted at each time point. Baseline characteristics including BMI, duration of diabetes, and insulin requirement did not significantly affect A1C reduction when GLP-1 RA was added. At 3 months, patients with a random C-peptide that was normal (≥0.8 ng/ml) were significantly more likely to have discontinued insulin than those with random C-peptide that was low (
      PubDate: Tue, 08 Aug 2023 12:05:00 +000
  • Impact of a Novel Hydrogel with Injectable Platelet-Rich Fibrin in
           Diabetic Wound Healing

    • Abstract: Diabetic wounds are serious complications caused by diabetes mellitus (DM), which are further exacerbated by angiogenesis disorders and prolonged inflammation. Injectable platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF) is rich in growth factors (GFs) and has been used for the repair and regeneration of diabetic wounds; however, direct application of i-PRF has certain disadvantages, including the instability of the bioactive molecules. Sericin hydrogel, fabricated by silkworm-derived sericin, is a biocompatible material that has anti-inflammatory and healing-promoting properties. Therefore, in this study, we developed a novel hydrogel (named sericin/i-PRF hydrogel) using a simple one-step activation method. The in vitro studies showed that the rapid injectability of the sericin/i-PRF hydrogel allows it to adapt to the irregular shape of the wounds. Additionally, sericin hydrogel could prolong the release of i-PRF-derived bioactive GFs in the sericin/i-PRF hydrogel. Furthermore, sericin/i-PRF hydrogel effectively repaired diabetic wounds, promoted angiogenesis, and reduced inflammation levels in the diabetic wounds of nude mice. These results demonstrate that the sericin/i-PRF hydrogel is a promising agent for diabetic wound healing.
      PubDate: Fri, 28 Jul 2023 15:20:01 +000
  • New Insights into the Role of Oxidative Stress in the Development of
           Diabetes Mellitus and Its Complications

    • PubDate: Wed, 26 Jul 2023 08:20:00 +000
  • Factors Affecting Intensive Aflibercept Treatment Response in Diabetic
           Macular Edema: A Real-World Study

    • Abstract: Objective. To investigate the systemic and ocular factors that affect the response to intensive aflibercept treatment in diabetic macular edema (DME) in a real-world setting. Methods. This retrospective cohort study evaluated 30 eyes of 23 patients with DME who underwent intensive intravitreal aflibercept injections (five monthly loading doses). Treatment response was assessed by central retinal thickness (CRT) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at each monthly visit. The patients were categorized as good (
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jul 2023 07:50:00 +000
  • Diabetes Detection Models in Mexican Patients by Combining Machine
           Learning Algorithms and Feature Selection Techniques for Clinical and
           Paraclinical Attributes: A Comparative Evaluation

    • Abstract: The development of medical diagnostic models to support healthcare professionals has witnessed remarkable growth in recent years. Among the prevalent health conditions affecting the global population, diabetes stands out as a significant concern. In the domain of diabetes diagnosis, machine learning algorithms have been widely explored for generating disease detection models, leveraging diverse datasets primarily derived from clinical studies. The performance of these models heavily relies on the selection of the classifier algorithm and the quality of the dataset. Therefore, optimizing the input data by selecting relevant features becomes essential for accurate classification. This research presents a comprehensive investigation into diabetes detection models by integrating two feature selection techniques: the Akaike information criterion and genetic algorithms. These techniques are combined with six prominent classifier algorithms, including support vector machine, random forest, k-nearest neighbor, gradient boosting, extra trees, and naive Bayes. By leveraging clinical and paraclinical features, the generated models are evaluated and compared to existing approaches. The results demonstrate superior performance, surpassing accuracies of 94%. Furthermore, the use of feature selection techniques allows for working with a reduced dataset. The significance of feature selection is underscored in this study, showcasing its pivotal role in enhancing the performance of diabetes detection models. By judiciously selecting relevant features, this approach contributes to the advancement of medical diagnostic capabilities and empowers healthcare professionals in making informed decisions regarding diabetes diagnosis and treatment.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Jun 2023 10:05:00 +000
  • Short-Term Effect of Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion and Multiple
           Daily Injection in Perioperative Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    • Abstract: Background. Hyperglycemia is common and difficult to control in perioperative patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which impacts their prognosis after operation. Our study investigated the short-term effect of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and multiple daily injection (MDI) in perioperative T2DM patients using the data envelopment analysis (DEA). Methods. T2DM patients () who underwent surgeries in Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (2009.01-2017.12) were included. Insulin was provided to each patient during the study and separated into a CSII group () and an MDI group (). DEA was performed to compare the therapeutic indexes and investigate the short-term effect of the CSII group and MDI group. Results. Scale efficiencies of the CSII group with CCR model and BCC model were better than that of the MDI group. Regarding slack variables, with higher surgical levels, the CSII group was closer to the ideal state than the MDI group, which indicated in improving the average fasting blood glucose (AFBG), antibiotic use days (AUD), preoperative blood glucose control time (PBGCT), first postoperative day fasting blood glucose (FPDFBG), and postoperative hospitalization days (PHD). Conclusion. CSII could effectively control blood glucose levels and shorten perioperative hospitalizing time for T2DM patients, indicating that CSII was beneficial in perioperative period and should be promoted clinically.
      PubDate: Fri, 23 Jun 2023 04:50:01 +000
  • Association of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Urine Metabolites with
           Type 1 Diabetes

    • Abstract: Purpose. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are believed to be a possible factor in the development of cancer, ischemic heart disease, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to explore the association between certain metabolites of urinary PAH and type 1 diabetes (T1D). Methods. In Isfahan City, a case-control study was carried out involving 147 T1D patients and an equal number of healthy individuals. The study measured the levels of urinary metabolites of PAHs, specifically 1-hydroxynaphthalene, 2-hydroxynaphthalene, and 9-hydroxyphenanthrene, in both the case and control groups. The levels of these metabolites were then compared between the two groups to assess any potential association between the biomarkers and T1D. Results. The mean (SD) age of participants in the case and control groups was 8.4 (3.7) and 8.6 (3.7) years old, respectively, (). In terms of gender distribution, 49.7% and 46% of participants in the case and control groups were girls, respectively (). Geometric mean (95% CI) concentrations were: 36.3 (31.4-42) μg/g creatinine for 1-hydroxynaphthalene, 29.4 (25.6-33.8) μg/g creatinine for 2-hydroxynaphthalene, and 72.26 (63.3-82.5) μg/g creatinine for NAP metabolites. After controlling for variables such as the child’s age, gender, maternal and paternal education, duration of breastfeeding, exposure to household passive smoking, formula feeding, cow’s milk consumption, body mass index (BMI), and five dietary patterns, it was observed that individuals in the highest quartile of 2-hydroxynaphthalene and NAP metabolites had a significantly greater odd ratio for diabetes compared to those in the lowest quartile ().Conclusion. Based on the findings of this study, it is suggested that exposure to PAH might be linked to an increased risk of T1D in children and adolescents. To clarify a potential causal relationship related to these findings, further prospective studies are needed.
      PubDate: Fri, 23 Jun 2023 04:50:00 +000
  • Bone Mineral Density in Adult Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
           Assessed by Both DXA and QCT

    • Abstract: Purpose. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured in uncomplicated young adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and sex- and age-matched controls, using both dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and quantitative computed tomography (QCT) to investigate their diagnostic ability in detecting abnormal values in these patients. Methods. 118 patients with T1DM (65 females, mean age years) and 94 sex- and age-matched controls were studied. BMD was assessed in all participants by DXA and QCT at lumbar spine (LS). Biochemical markers of bone metabolism were also measured. Results. T1DM was associated with lower BMD at L1-L3 vertebrae measured by both DXA and QCT and lower bone turnover compared to sex- and age-matched controls. In T1DM subjects, QCT detected more patients with abnormal BMD values compared to DXA. BMI and HbA1c levels were the only determinants of BMD. Bone turnover markers were lower in patients with longer duration of diabetes. Conclusion. QCT provides a higher sensitivity compared to DXA in detecting abnormal BMD values in patients with uncomplicated T1DM. In these patients, the diabetes-related decreased BMD may be present early, before it is detected by DXA, the clinical gold standard for BMD measurements, and before the presence of any other diabetes complications, stressing the importance of an early intervention for fracture prevention.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jun 2023 13:35:01 +000
  • Association between Severity of Diabetic Retinopathy and Cardiac Function
           in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    • Abstract: Background. The purpose of this research was to assess the relationship between the severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and indexes of left ventricle (LV) structure and function in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. Retrospective analysis of 790 patients with T2DM and preserved LV ejection fraction. Retinopathy stages were classified as no DR, early nonproliferative DR, moderate to severe nonproliferative DR, or proliferative DR. The electrocardiogram was used to assess myocardial conduction function. Echocardiography was used to evaluate myocardial structure and function. Results. Patients were divided into three groups based on the DR status: no DR group (NDR, ), nonproliferative DR group (NPDR, ), and proliferative DR group (PDR, ). LV interventricular septal thickness (IVST) increased significantly with more severe retinopathy (NDR: ; NPDR: ; and PDR: ; < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the significant correlation of IVST persisted between subjects with no retinopathy and proliferative DR (odds ,). Indices of myocardial conduction function were assessed by electrocardiogram differences among groups of retinopathy (all ). In multiple-adjusted linear regression analyses, the increasing degree of retinopathy was closely correlated with heart rate (,), PR interval (,), and QTc interval (,).Conclusion. The proliferative DR was independently associated with worse cardiac structure and function by echocardiography. Furthermore, the severity of retinopathy significantly correlated with abnormalities of the electrocardiogram in patients with T2DM.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Jun 2023 02:05:00 +000
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