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HEMATOLOGY (160 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 151 of 151 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Haematologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Open Access  
Adipocyte     Open Access  
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Africa Sanguine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Archives of Hematology Case Reports and Reviews     Open Access  
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Blood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 296)
Blood Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Blood and Lymphatic Cancer : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Blood Cancer Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Blood Pressure     Open Access  
Blood Pressure Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Blood Purification     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Blood Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
BMC Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone Marrow Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
British Journal of Diabetes & Vascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
British Journal of Primary Care Nursing - Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes and Kidney Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Clinical Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Lymphoma & Myeloma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Blood Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conquest : The Official Journal of Diabetes Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Current Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Current Diabetes Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cytotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Der Diabetologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 410)
Diabetes aktuell     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Diabetes Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 469)
Diabetes Case Reports     Open Access  
Diabetes Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Diabetes Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Diabetes Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Diabetes Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Diabetic Foot & Ankle     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diabetic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 147)
Diabetologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 205)
Diabetologia Kliniczna     Hybrid Journal  
Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Haematology     Open Access  
eJHaem     Open Access  
European Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Experimental Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Experimental Hematology & Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Fluids and Barriers of the CNS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Haematologica - the Hematology journal     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Haemophilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Hematologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hematología     Open Access  
Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Hematology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hemodialysis International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hepatitis Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Immunohematology : Journal of Blood Group Serology and Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Info Diabetologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
InFo Hämatologie + Onkologie : Interdisziplinäre Fortbildung von Ärzten für Ärzte     Full-text available via subscription  
Integrated Blood Pressure Control     Open Access  
International Blood Research & Reviews     Open Access  
International Journal of Clinical Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hematologic Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Hematology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Iraqi Journal of Hematology     Open Access  
JMIR Diabetes     Open Access  
Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Blood Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Diabetes Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Hematological Malignancies     Open Access  
Journal of Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hematopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hypo & Hyperglycemia     Partially Free  
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Health and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Kidney and Blood Pressure Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Leukemia and Lymphoma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Leukemia Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Leukemia Research Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leukemia Supplements     Full-text available via subscription  
Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access  
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Diabetologie     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Oncohematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Diabetes Journal     Open Access  
Open Hematology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Hypertension Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Blood Diseases     Open Access  
Pediatric Blood & Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Peritoneal Dialysis International     Hybrid Journal  
Platelets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Practical Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Primary Care Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Oncology and Hematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia     Open Access  
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Thalassemia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Haematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Therapeutic Advances in Hematology     Hybrid Journal  
Thrombosis & Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 145)
Thrombosis Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Transfusionsmedizin - Immunhämatologie, Hämotherapie, Immungenetik, Zelltherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Transplantation and Cellular Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veins and Lymphatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Diabetes Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.116
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 9  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2314-6745 - ISSN (Online) 2314-6753
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Retinal Thickness Associates with Cognition Dysfunction in Young Adult
           with Type 1 Diabetes in Taiwan

    • Abstract: Background. Several factors could affect the cognitive dysfunction in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Objectives. To report the characteristic of cognitive dysfunction in T1D and find its association with the retinal thickness. Subjects. We recruited one hundred and seven patients with T1D in our study. Methods. Detailed clinical and demographic factors and Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery (CANTAB) were performed in all participants. The age at 5 years old and ≤5 years old groups was defined as old- and young-onset groups. The levels of the average values of 5-year glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c_5) before study were collected. Ophthalmic study and central retinal thickness (CRT) were performed. Results. The median age of T1D was 24.9 years old and 57 participants were women. The median age at onset was 7.4 years old, and mean disease duration was 17.2 years. After adjusting off multiple covariates by the regression analyses, the young-onset group had significantly a longer latency in sustained attention than old-onset group (). The HbA1c_5 showed a significantly negative association with the sustained attention (). The average values of CRT showed significantly negative correlations with the reaction time in sustained attention and visual searching ( and , respectively). Conclusions. Our results suggest that age at onset and glycemic control had significant impacts on different cognitive domains in T1D. The CRT had a significant correlation with sustained attention, which could be a surrogate markers of brain structural changes in T1D.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Sep 2022 11:35:01 +000
  • Effects of Special Therapeutic Footwear on the Prevention of Diabetic Foot
           Ulcers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled

    • Abstract: Objective. To reduce diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) occurrence or recurrence, diabetic therapeutic footwear is widely recommended in clinical practice for at-risk patients. However, the effectiveness of therapeutic footwear is controversial. Thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to examine whether special therapeutic footwear could reduce the incidence of DFU. Method. We systematically searched multiple electronic databases (Medline, EMBASE, and EMB databases) to identify eligible studies published from inception to June 11, 2021. The database search, quality assessment, and data extraction were independently performed by two reviewers. Efficacy (i.e., incidence of DFU) was explored using the R’meta’ package (version 4.15-1). To obtain more robust results, the random-effects model and the Hartung-Knapp-Sidik-Jonkman method were selected to assess pooled data. Metaregression analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed to explore heterogeneity, and publication bias was assessed by a visual inspection of funnel plots and the AS-Thompson test. Results. Eight RCTs with a total of 1,587 participants were identified from the search strategy. Compared with conventional footwear, special therapeutic footwear significantly reduced the incidence of DFU (RR 0.49; 95% CI, 0.28-0.84), with no evidence of publication bias (). Unexpectedly, the effectiveness of special therapeutic footwear had a reverse correlation with the intervention time (,) in the metaregression analysis. Conclusion. Special therapeutic footwear with offloading properties is effective in reducing the incidence of DFU. However, the effect may decrease gradually over time. Despite undefined reasons, the optimal utility time and renewal frequency of special therapeutic footwear should be considered.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Sep 2022 11:20:01 +000
  • Diabetes Mellitus and Clinical Outcomes in Carotid Artery
           Revascularization Using Second-Generation, MicroNet-Covered Stents:
           Analysis from the PARADIGM Study

    • Abstract: Introduction. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) using conventional (single-layer) stents is associated with worse clinical outcomes in diabetes mellitus (DM) vs. non-DM patients: an effect driven largely by lesion-related adverse events. CAS outcomes with MicroNet-covered stents (MCS) in diabetic patients have not been evaluated. Aim. To compare short- and long-term clinical outcomes and restenosis rate in DM vs. non-DM patients with carotid stenosis treated using MCS. Materials and Methods. In a prospective study in all-comer symptomatic and increased-stroke-risk asymptomatic carotid stenosis, 101 consecutive patients (age 51-86 years, 41% diabetics) underwent 106 MCS-CAS. Clinical outcomes and duplex ultrasound velocities were assessed periprocedurally and at 30 days/12 months. Results. Baseline characteristics of DM vs. non-DM patients were similar except for a higher prevalence of recent cerebral symptoms in DM. Type 1 and type 1+2 plaques were more prevalent in DM patients (26.7% vs. 9.8%, ; 62.2% vs. 37.7%, ). Proximal embolic protection was more prevalent in DM (60% vs. 36%; ). 30-day clinical complications were limited to a single periprocedural minor stroke in DM (2.4% vs. 0%, ). 12-month in-stent velocities and clinical outcomes were not different (death rate 4.8% vs. 3.3%; ; no new strokes). Restenosis rate was not different (0% vs. 1.7%, ).Conclusions. MCS may offset the adverse impact of DM on periprocedural, 30-day, and 12-month clinical complications of CAS and minimize the risk of in-stent restenosis. In this increased-stroke-risk cohort, adverse event rate was low both in DM and non-DM. Further larger-scale clinical datasets including extended follow-ups are warranted.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Sep 2022 11:05:01 +000
  • Metabolic Syndrome and Its Associated Factors among Type 2 Diabetic
           Patients in Southwest Ethiopia, 2021/2022

    • Abstract: Background. Metabolic syndrome is one of the leading global public health and clinical challenges, with increasing prevalence figures ranging from 10% to as high as 84%. There is a 5-fold increase in metabolic syndrome associated with type 2 diabetes and a 2-fold increase associated with the development of cardiovascular disease. The calorie-dense diet and sedentary life patterns are the most important contributory factors that have been established. Objective. This study is aimed at assessing metabolic syndrome and its associated factors among patients with type 2 diabetes attending chronic follow-up units at hospitals in Southwest Ethiopia, in 2020. Methods. This study was conducted at hospitals in Southwest Ethiopia, using an institutional-based cross-sectional study design from September 1, 2020, to August 30, 2021. Data was collected from 422 type 2 diabetics through face-to-face interviews using structured and pretested questionnaires. Data were entered into Epi-data version 4.4.1 and exported for analysis to the Statistical Package for Social Sciences 25. The magnitude of metabolic syndrome was determined by using the National Cholesterol Education Program Third Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate associated factors for the outcome variable. A value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Result and Conclusion. Out of the 422 sample sizes, 394 type 2 diabetics participated in this study, giving a response rate of 93.36%. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome among type 2 diabetics in this study was 68.3%, using the National Cholesterol Education Program and Third Adult Treatment Panel criteria. The associated factors for metabolic syndrome among type 2 diabetics are urban residency, old age, physical inactivity, salt intake, inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption, palm oil, and eating meat.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Sep 2022 08:50:01 +000
  • The Different Insulin-Sensitising and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of
           Palmitoleic Acid and Oleic Acid in a Prediabetes Model

    • Abstract: Introduction. Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) are understood to have therapeutic and preventive effects on chronic complications associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, there are differences between individual MUFAs. Although the effects of palmitoleic acid (POA) are still debated, POA can regulate glucose homeostasis, lipid metabolism, and cytokine production, thus improving metabolic disorders. In this study, we investigated and compared the metabolic effects of POA and oleic acid (OA) supplementation on glucose and lipid metabolism, insulin sensitivity, and inflammation in a prediabetic model, the hereditary hypertriglyceridemic rat (HHTg). HHTg rats exhibiting genetically determined hypertriglyceridemia, insulin resistance, and impaired glucose tolerance were fed a standard diet. POA and OA were each administered intragastrically at a dose of 100 mg/kg b.wt. for four weeks. Results. Supplementation with both MUFAs significantly elevated insulin and glucagon levels, but only POA decreased nonfasting glucose. POA-treated rats showed elevated circulating NEFA associated with increased lipolysis, lipoprotein lipase gene expression, and fatty acid reesterification in visceral adipose tissue (VAT). The mechanism of improved insulin sensitivity of peripheral tissues (measured as insulin-stimulated lipogenesis and glycogenesis) in POA-treated HHTg rats could contribute increased circulating adiponectin and omentin levels together with elevated FADS1 gene expression in VAT. POA-supplemented rats exhibited markedly decreased proinflammatory cytokine production by VAT, which can alleviate chronic inflammation. OA-supplemented rats exhibited decreased arachidonic acid (AA) profiles and decreased proinflammatory AA-derived metabolites (20-HETE) in membrane phospholipids of peripheral tissues. Slightly increased FADS1 gene expression after OA along with increased adiponectin production by VAT was reflected in slightly ameliorated adipose tissue insulin sensitivity (increased insulin-stimulated lipogenesis). Conclusions. Our results show that POA served as a lipokine, ameliorating insulin sensitivity in peripheral tissue and markedly modulating the metabolic activity of VAT including cytokine secretion. OA had a beneficial effect on lipid metabolism and improved inflammation by modulating AA metabolism.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Sep 2022 11:05:01 +000
  • Association between Adiponectin and Leptin Receptor Genetic Polymorphisms
           and Clinical Manifestations of Metabolic Syndrome

    • Abstract: Abdominal obesity coupled with polygenic hereditary defects is considered the initial event in the development of metabolic syndrome (MS). The purpose of this study was to analyse the frequency with which polymorphic loci of adiponectin (ADIPOQ) and leptin (LEP) genes occur in patients with MS and the association between the symptoms of MS and these polymorphisms. DNA was isolated from the whole blood of 207 patients with MS and 100 healthy individuals (control group) using the phenol-chloroform method. Gene polymorphisms were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The most common variant of the ADIPOQ (rs2241766) gene among MS patients was the GT genotype. The A allele of the LEP (rs7799039) gene was found to be the most frequent in MS patients. The highest systolic blood pressure was found in carriers of the GG genotype of the LEP (rs7799039) gene. The carriers of the ADIPOQ (rs2241766) GT genotype were associated with the highest systolic blood pressure and body mass index (BMI); carriers of the ADIPOQ (rs2241766) GG genotype were associated with the highest diastolic blood pressure, hyperglycaemia, and elevated glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c). The results of this study allowed us to establish the unique gene variants associated with the risk of developing MS in the Crimean population.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Sep 2022 10:20:02 +000
  • Clinical Characteristics of Target Organ Damage in Primary Aldosteronism
           with or without Metabolic Syndrome

    • Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of metabolic disorders in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) and target organ damage (TOD) in different subtypes of patients with PA with or without metabolic syndrome (MS). Patients with PA were screened out from those with secondary hypertension and then subtyped via adrenal venous sampling (AVS). Baseline clinical characteristics (blood pressure, blood glucose, abdominal circumference, and lipid profile) were collected for the diagnosis of MS. Organ damage was evaluated according to cardiac and carotid ultrasound and urine microalbumin measurements. In all 261 patients with PA, 113 patients had concomitant MS and experienced more severe cardiac hypertrophy and increased intima-media thickness (IMT). The incidence of MS and diabetes mellitus (DM) had no statistic difference between the two groups, moreover, the rates of TOD were not different except microalbuminuria. However, metabolic disorders caused more remarkable TOD in PA patients with unilateral hypersecretion. It showed that cardiac hypertrophy was associated with obesity while microalbuminuria was related to plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) in PA patients. In this retrospective study, our findings suggest that the effect of metabolic disorders on organ damage is more remarkable in patients with unilateral PA.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Sep 2022 07:05:01 +000
  • Renal Histologic Findings in Necropsies of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    • Abstract: Background. Very few studies have analyzed early histologic lesions of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in patients without signs of clinical involvement (microalbuminuria). In this study, we analyzed renal histologic lesions in necropsies of diabetic patients with or without previous signs of DN. Methods. Histological material was analyzed from 21 autopsies of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients (9 with albuminuria and 12 without albuminuria) and 4 controls. Histologic lesions were evaluated according to the Tervaert classification. Results. Kidneys of diabetic patients presented significantly higher scores in most histologic indices analyzed (glomerular basal membrane thickening, mild and severe mesangial expansion, nodular sclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, and tubular atrophy) than in nondiabetic controls ( in all cases). In contrast, no significant differences were detected between histologic scores when comparing the 21 diabetic patients with and without albuminuria. A significant percentage of cases without albuminuria showed moderate to severe histologic lesions, particularly severe mesangial expansion and severe glomerular vascular lesions. No significant differences were found in age, blood pressure, diabetes vintage, BMI, HbA1c, cholesterol, triglycerides, or treatments between the two (albuminuric vs. nonalbuminuric) T2DM patient groups. Conclusions. Our data suggest that histologic lesions of DN are present in the early stages of the disease, even without albuminuria presence. More precise and earlier metabolic control is recommended in T2DM, and monitoring of risk factors can play a role in DN development.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Sep 2022 13:50:00 +000
  • Progress in the Relationship between Vitamin D Deficiency and the
           Incidence of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Children

    • Abstract: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease, due to a large number of islet β cells damaged, resulting in an absolute lack of insulin, ultimately relying on insulin therapy. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble sterol derivative that not only participates in calcium and phosphorus metabolism but also acts as an immunomodulatory role by binding to nuclear vitamin D receptors to regulate the expression of transcription factors. Increasing evidence has shown that vitamin D has immunoregulation and anti-inflammatory effects, and it may play a role in T cell regulatory responses due to downregulation in the expression of cathepsin G and inhibition of CD4+ T cell activation and protection of β cells from immune attack and is beneficial in decreasing oxidative stress in T1DM patients. Epidemiologic evidence demonstrates involvement of vitamin D deficiency in T1DM pathogenesis, with the immune system improperly targeting and destroying its own islet β cells. In addition, polymorphisms in genes critical for vitamin D metabolism may increase the risk of islet autoimmunity and T1DM. In this paper, the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and the molecular mechanism of T1DM was discussed.
      PubDate: Fri, 02 Sep 2022 09:20:00 +000
  • The Amelioration of Detrimental Biochemical Anomalies by Supplementing B,
           C, and E Vitamins in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus May Reduce the
           Rate of Development of Diabetic Retinopathy

    • Abstract: Excessive intracellular glucose in insulin-independent tissues including nerve, nephron, lens, and retina invites mishandling of metabolism of glucose resulting in a background of increased oxidative stress, advanced glycation end products (AGE) formation, lipid peroxidation, and failure of antioxidant defense systems in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). All these detrimental biochemical anomalies ultimately attack biological membranes and especially capillary beds of the retina, resulting in the breakdown of the inner blood-retinal barrier and the initiation of diabetic retinopathy (DR). If these disarrays are corrected to a large extent, the development of DR can be avoided or delayed. In this prospective clinical trial, 185 patients with T2DM who received B vitamins, vitamin C, and vitamin E along with antidiabetic medication for five years demonstrated a slower rate of the development of DR and reduced abnormal biochemical mediators like reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), AGE, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) compared to 175 T2DM individuals who were treated with only antihyperglycemic drugs.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 05:05:00 +000
  • Evidence and Potential Mechanisms of Traditional Chinese Medicine for the
           Adjuvant Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease in Patients with Diabetes
           Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis with Trial Sequential

    • Abstract: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has long been used to treat diabetes mellitus and angina. It has also gained widespread clinical applications in China as a common adjuvant treatment. Although there is high-quality evidence that TCM is effective in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism, the cardiovascular protective effect of TCM in the treatment of diabetes mellitus has not been fully elucidated, especially in patients with both diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease (CHD). We systematically assessed the efficacy and safety of TCM for the adjuvant treatment of patients with CHD and diabetes mellitus and examined the pharmacological effects and potential mechanisms of TCM medication/herbs on diabetes mellitus with CHD. We found that TCM could improve the control effect of conventional treatment on cardiac function, hemorheology, blood glucose, blood lipid, and inflammation, thus reducing the frequency of angina and the incidence of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. These findings indicate that TCM may be used as a complementary approach for patients with diabetes mellitus and CHD. Nevertheless, more rigorously designed randomized controlled trials and long-term evaluations are needed to support these findings.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 15:20:01 +000
  • Risk Factors for Progression of CKD with and without Diabetes

    • Abstract: Objective. We aim to identify independent risk factors to predict CKD progression to end stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with or without diabetes. Methods. In this retrospective study, we enrolled CKD stage 3-4 patients between January 2013 and December 2018 and followed them until December 2020 or the initiation of dialysis. We used Kaplan-Meier to plot the survival curve. Univariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazards model was used to explore risk factors affecting the progression of CKD. The final model was used to construct nomogram for predicting CKD progression. Calibration plots and concordance index (C-index) were used to evaluate the accuracy and discrimination of the risk model. Results. We enrolled 309 CKD patients, including 80 cases in G3a, 98 cases in G3b, and 131 cases in G4. Among them, 141 patients had diabetes and 168 did not. The mean age of patients at enrolled was 57.86 ± 15.10 years, and 67% were male. The median follow-up time was 25.6 months. There were 81 patients (26.2%) that started dialysis in the total CKD cohort, 52 cases (36.9%) in the CKD with diabetes group, and 29 cases (17.3%) in the CKD without diabetes group. Hypoalbuminemia (HR =2.655, ), proteinuria (HR =2.592, ), increased LDL (HR =2.494, ), diabetes (HR =2.759, ), hypertension (HR =3.471, ), and CKD stage (HR =2.001, ) were risk factors for CKD progression to ESRD in the overall population. For those without diabetes, only hypoalbuminemia (HR =2.938, ) was a risk factor for CKD progression to ESRD. For those with diabetes, both hypoalbuminemia (HR =2.758, ), the increased level of LDL (HR =3.982, ), and CKD stage (HR =3.781, ) were risk factors for CKD progression to ESRD. The C-index of the final nomograms was 0.760 ().Conclusions. The results from our risk factor model suggest that CKD disease progression can be predicted and early strategic intervention is necessary for CKD patients to avoid renal function deterioration.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Aug 2022 06:35:01 +000
  • Effect of Hypertension, Waist-to-Height Ratio, and Their Transitions on
           the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Analysis from the China Health and
           Retirement Longitudinal Study

    • Abstract: Background. Diabetes is a major reason of death and disability worldwide and frequently coexists with hypertension and central obesity. This study is aimed at investigating the effects of hypertension, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and their dynamic transitions on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) onset among middle-aged and elderly people in China. Methods. We analyzed 9843 participants free of T2DM (average age, years) at baseline from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. We classified the participants into the following four categories based on hypertension and WHtR statuses: nonhypertensive with a normal WHtR (NHNW); hypertensive with a normal WHtR (HTNW); nonhypertensive with an elevated WHtR (NHEW); and hypertensive with an elevated WHtR (HTEW). By using a Cox proportional hazards regression model, we assessed whether hypertension, WHtR, and their transitions over time correlated with T2DM risk. Results. During the follow-up of 8 years, 1263 participants developed incident T2DM. The hazard ratio (HR) for T2DM was 1.48 (95% CI: 1.12, 1.97), 1.56 (95% CI: 1.27, 1.92), and 2.15 (95% CI: 1.74, 2.67) in the HTNW, NHEW, and HTEW groups, respectively, compared with the NHNW group after controlling for confounding factors. When stratified by statuses of hypertension and WHtR transitions, the participants who transitioned from HTNW to HTEW (, 95% CI: 1.24-3.17), or NHEW to NHNW/HTNW (, 95% CI: 1.14–2.65), or remained NHEW (, 95% CI: 1.04-1.93), or NHEW to HTEW (, 95% CI: 1.66-3.49), or remained HTEW (, 95% CI: 1.87-3.37) during the follow-up period showed a higher T2DM risk than the consistently NHNW participants. Conclusions. Being HTNW, NHEW or HTEW or occurring adverse transitions between those states was strongly associated with T2DM onset. Effectively warding off hypertension and central obesity or preventing their further aggravation may substantially decrease the T2DM risk.
      PubDate: Sun, 21 Aug 2022 08:50:00 +000
  • A Low Free T3 to Free T4 Ratio Is Associated with Sarcopenia in Euthyroid
           Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    • Abstract: Background. This research evaluated the link between normal thyroid hormone levels and sarcopenia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. This cross-sectional study enrolled 312 euthyroid patients with T2DM from Qilu Hospital of the Shandong University, China. Body composition, grip strength, and physical performance were assessed as per the 2019 consensus guidelines of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. Binary logistic regression was used to examine the correlation between thyroid hormone levels and sarcopenia and its components. Results. The prevalence of sarcopenia was 26.9%. Following adjustments for potential confounders, a high-normal serum free triiodothyronine (FT3) level (odds ratio , 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.304–0.895, ), a low-normal serum free thyroxine (FT4) level (, 95% CI: 1.009–1.258, ), and a heightened FT3/FT4 ratio (, 95% CI: 0.879–0.969, ) were linked to a low prevalence of sarcopenia. Considering the components of sarcopenia, FT3 concentration was positively associated with muscle strength (, 95% CI: 0.305–0.902, ) and physical performance (, 95% CI: 0.259–0.758, ), while FT4 concentration was negatively linked to muscle mass (, 95% CI: 1.009–1.232, ). The FT3/FT4 ratio was positively linked to muscle mass (, 95% CI: 0.905–0.981, ), muscle strength (, 95% CI: 0.901–0.992, ), and physical performance (, 95% CI: 0.894–0.975, ). Nevertheless, thyroid-stimulating hormone concentration was not associated with sarcopenia. Conclusion. A high FT3/FT4 ratio was significantly linked to a lowered risk of sarcopenia in euthyroid patients with T2DM.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Aug 2022 08:35:01 +000
  • Stable Metabolic Control but Increased Demand for Professional Support in
           Children with Type 1 Diabetes in the Past Ten Years in Bern/Switzerland: A
           Quality Control Study

    • Abstract: Introduction. Lower HbA1c targets and increasingly complex diabetes management with substantially increasing costs dominate today’s type 1 diabetes therapy in children and adolescents. Objective. To evaluate metabolic control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and assess associated factors, evaluate determinants for frequency of healthcare contacts, and compare actual with historical data. Method. This cross-sectional observational study collected data on 178 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes treated at the University Children’s Hospital in Bern. Results. Mean HbA1c was 7.9% (63 mmol/mol), 33.1% (59/178) of children reached the target of % (
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Aug 2022 03:05:00 +000
  • Efficacy and Safety of Dapagliflozin versus Liraglutide in Patients with
           Overweight or Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomised
           Controlled Clinical Trial in Tianjin, China

    • Abstract: Objective. We aimed to clarify the efficacy of dapagliflozin versus liraglutide in patients with overweight or obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods. T2DM patients with overweight or obesity who visited the Metabolic Disease Management Center at Tianjin Fourth Central Hospital from October 2019 to January 2020 were recruited and randomised to receive dapagliflozin or liraglutide for 24 weeks. Changes in blood glucose and lipid levels, blood pressure, and body weight, as well as the occurrence of hypoglycaemia and other adverse events, were compared. Results. 309 patients completed the study (143 in liraglutide group and 166 in dapagliflozin group). After 24 weeks, HbA1c, fasting blood glucose (FPG), and 2 h postprandial blood glucose (2hPG) levels significantly decreased from to , to  mmol/L, and to  mmol/L, respectively, in the dapagliflozin group, and from to , to  mmol/L, and to  mmol/L, respectively, in the liraglutide group. Changes in HbA1c, FPG, and 2hPG levels between groups were not significantly different. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level significantly decreased from to  mmHg () and from to  mmol/L (), respectively, in the dapagliflozin group. After COVID-19 outbreak, the number of patients taking sleep-promoting drugs increased from 4.9% to 9.4% ().Conclusions. Liraglutide and dapagliflozin had strong hypoglycaemic effects in patients with overweight or obesity and T2DM at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Dapagliflozin may be beneficial in improving SBP and LDL-C levels; however, further research is warranted.
      PubDate: Sat, 13 Aug 2022 08:05:00 +000
  • Nutritional Interventions May Improve Outcomes of Patients Operated on for
           Diabetic Foot Infections: A Single-Center Case-Control Study

    • Abstract: Aim. While a patient’s nutritional status is known to generally have a role in postoperative wound healing, there is little information on its role as therapy in the multifaceted problem of diabetic foot infections (DFIs). Methods. We assessed this issue by conducting a retrospective case-control cohort study using a multivariate Cox regression model. The nutrition status of the DFI patients was assessed by professional nutritionists, who also orchestrated the nutritional intervention (counselling, composition of the intrahospital food) during hospitalization. Results. Among 1,013 DFI episodes in 586 patients (median age 67 years; 882 with osteomyelitis), 191 (19%) received a professional assessment of their nutrition accompanied by between 1 and 6 nutritional interventions. DFI cases who had professional nutritionists’ interventions had a significantly shorter hospital stay, had shorter antibiotic therapies, and tended to fewer surgical debridements. By multivariate analysis, episodes with low Nutritional Risk Status- (NRS-) Scores 1-3 were associated with significantly lower failure rates after therapy for DFI (Cox regression analysis; hazard ratio 0.2, 95% confidence interval 0.1-0.7). Conclusions. In this retrospective cohort study, DFI episodes with low NRS-Score were associated with lower rates of clinical failure after DFI treatment, while nutritional interventions improved the outcome of DFI. We need prospective interventional trials for this treatment, and these are underway.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Aug 2022 15:05:00 +000
  • Combine and Conquer: With Type 2 Diabetes Polypharmacy Is Essential Not
           Only to Achieve Glycemic Control but Also to Treat the Comorbidities and
           Stabilize or Slow the Advancement of Diabetic Nephropathy

    • Abstract: The concept of polypharmacy in the type 2 diabetic patient is both historic and redundant. A combination of three or more medications usually at doses which are less than those utilized for monotherapy is efficacious not only in the therapy of hyperglycemia but also in the therapy of the comorbidities of hypertension and hyperlipidemia. In addition, multiple medications are now accepted as being necessary to reduce albuminuria and decelerate the decline in renal function in the patient with diabetic nephropathy.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 06:20:01 +000
  • Expression of Transient Receptor Potential Channel Genes and Their
           Isoforms in Alpha-Cells and Beta-Cells of Human Islets of Langerhans

    • Abstract: Expression of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel genes and their isoforms in the alpha-cells and the beta-cells of the human islets of Langerhans has not been studied in detail. In this study, we have analyzed the RNA sequencing data obtained from purified human alpha-cells and beta-cells to identify the genes and their isoforms that are expressed differentially in these two cell types. We found that TRPC1, TRPC4, TRPC7, TRPM3, and TRPML1 were differentially expressed in these two cell types. TRPC1, TRPM3, and TRPML1 were expressed at a higher level in the beta-cells than in the alpha-cells. TRPC4 and TRPC7 were expressed at a higher level in the alpha-cells than in the beta-cells. The TRPC4-206 isoform was expressed at a 45-fold higher level in the alpha-cells compared to the beta-cells. Expression of TRPM3-202 was 200-fold and TRPM3-209 was 25-fold higher in the beta-cells than in the alpha-cells. Our study has demonstrated the relative abundance of expression of the TRP channel genes and their isoforms in the human alpha-cells and the beta-cells.
      PubDate: Wed, 03 Aug 2022 02:20:00 +000
  • Impact of the Fasting Plasma Glucose Titration Target on the Success of
           Basal Insulin Titration in Insulin-Naïve Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A
           Systematic Analysis

    • Abstract: Background/Aim. We aimed to examine beneficial and adverse outcomes of basal insulin titration performed with different fasting plasma glucose (FPG) titration targets (TT). Methods. A PubMed literature search retrieved 43 reported prospective clinical trials introducing basal insulin in 17643 insulin-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes reporting fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, target achievement, hypoglycemic events, and insulin doses. 61 individual study arms were grouped by fasting plasma glucose titration target (TT; 1: ≤5.0 mmol/l/90 mg/dl; 2: 5.01-5.6 mmol/l/90-100 mg/dl; and 3: ≥5.61 mmol/l/101 mg/dl). Weighted means and their standard deviations were calculated for baseline and end-of-treatment FPG (primary endpoint), HbA1c, target achievement, hypoglycemic events, insulin doses, and body weight gain and compared over a duration of weeks. Results. Achieved FPG and HbA1c at the end of the study were significantly lower (by up to 0.8 mmol/l or 0.23%, respectively) with more ambitious TTs (), leading to better HbA1c target achievement with more ambitious TTs (by up to 14.6% for ), without increasing the risk for hypoglycemic episodes. Conclusions. Aiming for a lower FPG TT improves glycemic control without increasing the risk for hypoglycemia.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Jul 2022 02:35:00 +000
  • Longitudinal Associations of Newly Diagnosed Prediabetes and Diabetes with
           Cognitive Function among Chinese Adults Aged 45 Years and Older

    • Abstract: With population aging, diabetes mellitus and cognitive function decline are common health problems among older adults worldwide. This longitudinal study is aimed at estimating the longitudinal associations of newly diagnosed prediabetes and diabetes status with cognitive function among Chinese adults aged 45 years and older and evaluating the clinical risk factors associated with cognitive function. Data were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). A total of 8716 participants meeting the inclusion criteria were enrolled between 2011 and 2012 at baseline, and 6125 participants completed the follow-up survey in 2018. Cognitive function, newly diagnosed diabetic status, depression, body mass index, and clinical and biochemical measurements were collected. At baseline, the mean age of the participants was 58.93 (SD: 9.76) years, 3987 (45.7%) were males, 1802 (20.7%) participants were newly diagnosed with prediabetes, and 935 (10.7%) were diabetes patients. After adjusting for control variables, diabetes was a significant risk factor for subsequent cognitive decline (unstandardized ,). Subgroup analyses found that the association of diabetes with cognitive decline was significant in females. Stratification analyses found that among prediabetes patients, triglyceride concentrations were negatively associated with cognitive function; among diabetes patients, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein was significantly associated with cognitive decline. The newly diagnosed diabetes status at baseline was associated with subsequent cognitive decline among middle-aged and elderly Chinese, especially in females. The management of triglycerides through lifestyle modification for prediabetes and specific adjunctive anti-inflammatory therapy for diabetes might benefit cognitive performance.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Jul 2022 07:35:01 +000
  • The Effects of Self-Efficacy and Physical Activity Improving Methods on
           the Quality of Life in Patients with Diabetes: A Systematic Review

    • Abstract: Objective. The purpose of this systematic review is to study the impact of self-efficacy-improving strategies on physical activity-related glycemic control of diabetes. Method. This systematic review was conducted based on the PRISMA statement. (“Diabetes” OR “glycemic control”) AND (“exercise” OR “physical activity”) AND “self-efficacy” were searched as keywords in databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science, and Scopus between 2000 and 2019 for relesvant articles. Results. Two reviewers independently screened articles (), and those meeting eligibility criteria () were selected for data extraction using a predesigned Excel form and critical appraisal using the “Tool for Quantitative Studies.” Different strategies and health promotion programs such as individual or group face-to-face education and multimedia (video conference, video, phone calls, short message service, and Internet-based education) were used in diabetes self-management education programs. The results of different interventions including motivational interviewing (7 studies), exercise (5 studies), multidimensional self-management programs (25 studies), and electronic education (11 studies) had been evaluated. Interventions with more social support, longer duration, combined educative theory-based, and individual education had better outcomes both in postintervention and in follow-up evaluation. Conclusion. A combination of traditional and virtual long-lasting self-care promoting (motivating) programs is needed to improve patients’ self-efficacy for healthy habits like active lifestyle.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jul 2022 02:20:00 +000
  • Trends in Glycemia between 2002 and 2016 among Incident Youth Cohorts
           Early in the Course of Type 1 Diabetes: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth

    • Abstract: Objective. Hyperglycemia early in the course of type 1 diabetes (T1D) may increase the risk of cardiometabolic complications later in life. We tested the hypothesis that there were temporal trends in population-level glycemia and insulin pump use near T1D diagnosis among incident youth cohorts diagnosed between 2002 and 2016. Methods. Weighted and adjusted regression models were applied to data from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study to analyze trends in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), suboptimal glycemia ( or not), and insulin pump use among youth with T1D within 30 months of diagnosis. We tested the interaction of year with race and ethnicity, sex, and insulin regimen to assess potential disparities. Results. Among the 3,956 youth with T1D, there was a small, clinically insignificant reduction in HbA1c between 2002 () and 2016 () (fully adjusted change by year (-0.013% [95% CI -0.026, -0.0008], ). The proportion of youth with suboptimal glycemia increased with each year, but the adjusted odds did not change. Insulin pump use increased more than fivefold. Although interaction effects of time with race and ethnicity, sex, and insulin regimen were not detected, in 2016, suboptimal glycemia was 4.3 and 1.8 times more prevalent among Black and Hispanic than among non-Hispanic White youth, respectively. Conclusions. There was not a clinically significant population-level improvement in glycemia across incident youth cohorts early in the course of T1D, despite severalfold increases in insulin pump use. Comprehensive clinical interventions to improve glycemia early in the T1D course and address disparities are urgently needed.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Jul 2022 01:50:01 +000
  • Changing Meal Sequence Affects Glucose Excursions in Gestational Diabetes

    • Abstract: Studies on nutrient sequences during meals suggest that consuming carbohydrates last lowers postprandial glucose excursions more than consuming carbohydrates first. However, this phenomenon has not been studied in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Ten women with GDM consumed the same caloric foods in different sequences over five successive days: (A) dish first, followed by carbohydrate and soup last; (B) carbohydrate first, followed by dish and soup last; (C) soup first, followed by dish and carbohydrate last; (D) three meals a day ad libitum; and (E) six meals a day as ad libitum. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) was used to assess diurnal glycemia. Decreases in mean glucose levels and the largest glucose levels in A were similar to group C. The peak glucose of breakfast and lunch in group B was more significant than in groups A and C. The B meal pattern showed more marked glycemic excursions than groups A and C. Increasing the number of meals reduced the peak glucose level and the glycemic excursions with the same total calories. Changing meal sequences or increasing the number of meals may reduce glycemic excursions in GDM. Our trial was registered retrospectively and the trial registration number is ChiCTR2200057044.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jul 2022 11:20:01 +000
  • Effects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors on Urine Albumin to

    • Abstract: Objectives. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors on urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and to recommend appropriate medication care scheme. Methods. 8371 T2DM patients from four dapagliflozin studies and two canagliflozin studies were collected for analyzing with nonlinear mixed effect model (NONMEM). The change rates of UACR from baseline were intended to be evaluation indicators. Results. In the present study, there was no significant difference in the effects on UACR using dapagliflozin or canagliflozin treatment in T2DM patients. The maximal effect () and the treatment duration of reaching half of (ET50) from SGLT-2 inhibitors on UACR in T2DM patients were -19.2% and 0.448 weeks, respectively. Further, the treatment duration to reach 25%, 50%, 75%, and 80% was 0.150 weeks, 0.448 weeks, 1.344 weeks, and 1.792 weeks, respectively. Namely, for achieving the plateau period (80% of ) of SGLT-2 inhibitors on UACR in T2DM patients, 10 mg/day dapagliflozin (or 100 mg/day canagliflozin) should be taken for at least 1.792 weeks. Conclusions. To our knowledge, the present study explored the effects of SGLT-2 inhibitors on UACR in T2DM patients, meanwhile, recommended appropriate medication care scheme for the first time.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Jul 2022 09:20:00 +000
  • Effects of Resistant Starch on Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A
           Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a main health problem associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, morbidity, and mortality. Recent studies shown that the progression of CKD may be related to the change of intestinal flora. Resistant starch (RS) is a type of dietary fiber that can act as a substrate for microbial fermentation. Some studies have found that the supplementation of RS can improve the intestinal flora disorder in CKD patients. However, the specific effect of RS on CKD patients remains controversial. Objective. We designed this meta-analysis to identify and assess the effects of RS on patients with CKD. Methods. A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane systematic review databases was conducted in January 2020, and all new trials were updated in August 2021. Randomized trials were collected to assess the effects of RS on patients with CKD. The weighted average effect size of the net change was calculated by using the random-effects model. Results. The meta-analysis included 8 studies involving 301 participants. RS intake significantly reduced serum indolephenol sulfate (IS), blood phosphorus, IL-6, and uric acid levels in dialysis patients. The mean difference (MD) of serum IS () in the dialysis subgroup was -12.57 μmol/L (95% CI: -19.28, -5.86 μmol/L). The MD of blood phosphorus () was -0.39 mg/dl (95% CI: -0.78, -0.01 mg/dl). The MD of serum uric acid () between the dialysis subgroup and the nondialysis subgroup was -31.58 mmol/L (95% CI: -52.99, -10.17 mmol/L). The mean difference (MD) of IL-6 () in the dialysis subgroup was -1.16 μmol/L (95% CI: -2.16, -0.16 μmol/L). However, there was no significant change of RS on hs-CRP, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), blood paracresol sulfate, and blood lipid. Conclusions. The intake of RS reduced the serum IS, serum phosphorus, IL-6, and uric acid levels significantly in dialysis patients, while hs-CRP, serum creatinine, BUN, serum paracresol sulfate, and blood lipid showed no significant changes.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Jul 2022 01:35:01 +000
  • Evaluation of the Effect of Garlic Tablet as a Complementary Treatment for
           Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy

    • Abstract: Purpose. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of garlic (Allium sativum L.) tablets as a complimentary herbal medication in diabetic macular edema. Methods. A total of 91 diabetic participants (117 eyes) with central involved macular edema underwent a double-blind randomized trial. The patients used garlic tablets (500 mg) (2 tab/day) or placebo for 4 weeks and subsequently were examined by an expert ophthalmologist. Clinical manifestations including the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA, logMAR), central macular thickness (CMT, μm), and intraocular pressure (IOP) were measured as the main outcomes. Results. BCVA was significantly improved by a 0.18 decrease in mean logMAR value in the garlic-treated patients in comparison with 0.06 in the control ones (). CMT was decreased in both groups by a 102.99 μm decrease in the garlic group compared to 52.67 μm in the placebo group, albeit in a nonsignificant manner ( value: 0.094). IOP was decreased in the garlic group by 1.03 mmHg ( value: 0.024) and increased by 0.3 mmHg ( value: 0.468) in the placebo group. Conclusion. Our trial suggests that garlic supplements can improve visual acuity, decrease the CMT and lower the IOP, and can be considered as an adjuvant treatment in patients with diabetic macular edema. Garlic was satisfactorily tolerated in diabetic patients, and no significant adverse effect interrupting the safety profile was observed.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Jul 2022 01:35:00 +000
  • Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on Early Clinical Outcome and Stent Restenosis
           after Carotid Artery Stenting

    • Abstract: Background. Diabetes mellitus is closely related to both the severity of carotid disease and its outcome after revascularization. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has emerged as a viable alternative to surgical endarterectomy but little is known about the impact of diabetes after CAS. Methods. A consecutive cohort of 1940 patients undergoing CAS in two institutions was divided into two groups, diabetics and nondiabetics, and major cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) were analyzed at 30 days post-CAS and at 1 year follow-up. Results. There were 730 patients with diabetes, with significantly higher BMI, hypertension, chronic dialysis, and dyslipidemia frequency (). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of early and late MACCEs (composite of transient ischemic attack, major stroke, myocardial infarction, and death), with an early rate of 3.5% nondiabetics vs. 5.3%, and 2.4 nondiabetics vs. 2.3% diabetics, at 12 months. Overall stroke/death rate in the asymptomatic patients was 2.4%, and the restenosis rate was higher in the diabetes population (2.3% vs. 1%, ).Conclusion. The presence of diabetes was associated with an acceptable increased periprocedural risk for CAS, but no further additional risk emerged during longer term follow-up. Diabetes may precipitate the rate of early in-stent restenosis.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jul 2022 04:05:01 +000
  • Therapeutic Potential of Liraglutide for Diabetes–Periodontitis
           Comorbidity: Killing Two Birds with One Stone

    • Abstract: Background. The relationship between diabetes and periodontitis is bidirectional, and there is now consensus that periodontitis and diabetes are comorbid. There is a quest for a drug that can be used to treat both conditions simultaneously. This study evaluated the anti-inflammatory and osteoprotective effects of liraglutide (LIRA) on periodontitis in diabetic rats. Methods. Male Wistar rats () were randomly divided into four groups: control group (), LIRA group (), diabetes-associated periodontitis+0.9% saline group (diabetic periodontitis (DP)+NaCl group, ), and diabetes-associated periodontitis+LIRA group (DP+LIRA group, ). LIRA treatment lasted for 4 weeks (300 μg/kg/d) after establishment of a rat model of DP. The expression of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The morphological changes of periodontal tissues were observed by hematoxylin–eosin staining. The absorption of alveolar bone and its ultrastructural changes were observed by histomorphometry and microcomputed tomography. The expression of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) in alveolar bone was detected by immunohistochemistry. The levels of Runx2 mRNA and ALP mRNA in the gingival epithelium were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results. LIRA decreased alveolar bone resorption, improved the microstructure of alveolar bone, and reduced periodontal inflammation and damage (). LIRA also reduced blood glucose level and inhibited the secretion of serum IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β (). In addition, after treatment with LIRA, the ratio of RANKL/OPG was reduced, and the expression levels of ALP mRNA and Runx2 mRNA were upregulated ().Conclusions. LIRA not only controls blood glucose level but also reduces inflammation and bone loss and enhances osteogenic differentiation in diabetes-associated periodontitis. Those indicate that LIRA may be used as a potential medicine for the adjunctive therapy of diabetes-periodontitis comorbidity.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Jul 2022 02:20:00 +000
  • Enhancement of Mitochondrial Function by the Neurogenic Molecule NSI-189
           Accompanies Reversal of Peripheral Neuropathy and Memory Impairment in a
           Rat Model of Type 2 Diabetes

    • Abstract: Aims. Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to many forms of peripheral and central nervous system degeneration. Therapies that protect mitochondrial number and function have the potential to impact the progression of conditions such as diabetic neuropathy. We therefore assessed indices of mitochondrial function in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and brain cortex of the Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rat model of type 2 diabetes and tested the therapeutic impact of a neurogenic compound, NSI-189, on both mitochondrial function and indices of peripheral and central neurological dysfunction. Materials and Methods. ZDF rats were maintained for 16 weeks of untreated diabetes before the start of oral treatment with NSI-189 for an additional 16 weeks. Nerve conduction velocity, sensitivity to tactile and thermal stimuli, and behavioral assays of cognitive function were assessed monthly. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, mitochondrial protein levels, and respiratory complex activities were assessed in the DRG and brain cortex after 16 weeks of treatment with NSI-189. Results. Treatment with NSI-189 selectively elevated the expression of protein subunits of complexes III and V and activities of respiratory complexes I and IV in the brain cortex, and this was accompanied by amelioration of impaired memory function and plasticity. In the sensory ganglia of ZDF rats, loss of AMPK activity was ameliorated by NSI-189, and this was accompanied by reversal of multiple indices of peripheral neuropathy. Conclusions. Efficacy of NSI-189 against dysfunction of the CNS and PNS function in type 2 diabetic rats was accompanied by improvement of mitochondrial function. NSI-189 exhibited actions at different levels of mitochondrial regulation in central and peripheral tissues.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 03:35:01 +000
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Heriot-Watt University
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